mm, * • ■
I* v ZVE1Y ECHOTA, 'l'i-ili *£811 A.k' MAiiCM tit), 18*28. 5.
EL1TED BY ELIAS 130UD1NOTT
1 POINTED WEI KLY lii
ISAAC H. UARUIS,
r FOR THE CHEHOK - £ NATION.
At §2 50 f paid in a Ivance, $3 in six
\mnth , or $3 50 if paid at the end of the
To subscribers who can read only the
Ch" 'o!iee language the price will be £2,00
in a ivance, or $2,50 to be paid within the
Everv subscription will be considered as
continued unless subscribers give notice to
the contrary before the commencement of a
Any person procuring six subscribers,
-»i'l becoming responsibly for the payment,
shail receive a seventh jjatis.
Advertisements will be inserted at seven
ty-fjve cetits per square for the first inser
tion, and thirty-seven and a half cents for
each continuance; longer ones in propor
ICP All letters addre sed to the Editor,
post paid, vail receive d ie attention.
C 'l E lOK Ji E LAWS.
V Unmimoiixl'j a* fed. That school-
US' s'ers blacksmiths, millers. salt pe
t; and gun p>tvd')r manufacturers
fer , m i> and turnfike keepers, and
m n nhs, are heiifeby to
reside i;i the Chevikee N 'ion under
• he-following conditions; viz:—Their
AW National ComV/ittee and Council
' for them- andh0c6'r,ine responsible for
their good .conduct n'uid behaviour, and
subject to removap for misdemeanor;
an I further agree, that blacksmiths,
millers, ferrymen and turnpike keep
ers, are privileged to improve and
cultivate twelve icres of ground for
the support of the twelves and fami
lies s'lould they p'ease to do so.
JNO. ROSS, fres't N. Committee.
A. MeCOY, C-»rk i Cpmm ttne.
In Committee, Net' Town, Oct. 26,1819.
This day decrtrn by the National
Committee and O ne.il, That all citi
zens of the Cheraee Nation, estab
lishing a store or i. ores for the pur
pose of vending in* rohandize, shall ob
tain license for th t purpose irom the
elerV of the Natonal Council, for
J, which each and e" sry person so licens
ed shall pay a tax »f twenty-five dol
.lfifg per annual. ? d tL"t no other but
citizens of the Ch -okee Action shall
b" allowed to es! jlish a permanent
store within the f ttion. And it is al
so decreed, thatr pedlar or pedlars
not citizens of th( nation, shall beper
mi'ted to vend rerobndize in the
Nation, without fi ifohtaiiiinglicer.se,
from the agent of c United States
for the Cherokee Nriion, agreeably
i to the laws of the Liited States; and
each and every u. so licensed, shall
U pay eighty dollars o the treasury of
the Cherokee Nat. n per annum, and
all such person or j :rsons, so licensed,
shall obtain a reee >t on the back of
his or their license rom the treasurer
■ J for the sum so pr | and in case any
person or persons l olate this decree,
he or they shall t feit and pay a fine
£■ of two hundred ( liars to the Na
il) tionnl treasury, an it shall be the du
ty of the Regulato or Lighthorse to
collect the same—: id any person dis
ki covering and giving nformation of the
, fc " . imo a ,aV. oe er.?i fcd to the sum of
.(venty-five dollqrc- And it is also
■vi'eby further dec eed, that no per
n or persons, not itizens of the Na
' °n, s lall bring int the Nation and
sell spirituous liqnrs, and all such!
' fiersotts so offendim shall forfeit the
,« yL - T hole of the spir't ius liquors that
m: y be foOnd in hi or their posses
sion. ind tlv» same (j infl he disposed
"1 for the benefit of (he Nation; and if
any person or persons, citizens of the
Nation, shall receive and bring into
the Nation, spirituous liquors for dis
posal, and the sameor any part there
of, be found to be the property of any
personor persons not citizens of the na
tion, and satisfactory proof be made of
the fact, he or they shall forfeit & pay
the sum of one hundred dollars, and
the whiskey be subject to confiscation
as aforesaid, and this decree to take
effect from and after the first day of
January, one thousand eight hundred
and twenty, and to be strictly enforc
ed; Provided, nevertheless, That noth
ing shall be so construed in this de
cree, as to tax any persons bringing su
gar, coffee, salt, iron, & steel, into the
Cherokee Nation for sale; but no per
manent establishment for the dispo
sal of such articles, can be admitted
to any person or persons not citizens of
•JTSTT. nuSSj'Trtis'i iN.CoioiiiiiiitU.
PATH X KILLER,
A. McCOY, Sec'y to the Council.
New Town, October 23, 1819.
In Committee, JVew Town, Cherokee
Nation, October 30th, 1819.
Jse if hereby resolved, That no per
son or persons whatsoever, shall be
permitted to cut out any road or roads
leading from any main road now in ex
istence, so as to intersect the same
again and to the injury of the interest
of any person or persons residing on
said road, without first getting an or
der from the National Council for the
opening of said roads; & any person or
persons violating this decree, contain
ed in the foregoing resolution, shall be
subject to such punishment and line as
the National Council and Committee
ma.v Hefirlp ?nd infiirt op
any such case as may be brought be
fore them for trial.
JNO. ROSS, Pres't N. Committee.
Approved—PATH X KILLER,
A. M'COY, Clerk.
New Town, Cherokee N. Nov. 1,1819.
Resolved by the National Committee,
that no contract or bargain entered in
to with any slave or slaves, without
the approbation of their masters shall
be binding on them.
JNO. ROSS, Pres't N. Com.
PATH X KILLER,
A. M'COY, Clerk.
New Town, Cherokee N.Nov. 1, 1819.
Resolved oy the National Committee
ana Council, That any person or per
sons employing or instigating any per
son or persons whatsoever, to steal
the property of another, and such per
son or persons being tried and convict
ed upon satisfactory proofs, shall for
feit and pay the value of the property
so stolen, and be punished alike with
the person or persons so employed to
steal agreeably to the sentence of such
By order.—JNO. ROSS, Pres't. N. Com.
Approved.-PATH X KILLER,
A. M'COY, Clerk.
Resolved by the National Committee
and Council, That iu case any person
or persons, citizens of the nation, not
enrolled for the Arkansas country who
has or may take possession of, and oc
cup any improvement or place where
Arkansas emigrants had left before any
privileged emigrants to continue in this
nation, shall retake possession of such
place or places aforesaid, shall be en
titled to an exclusive right of the
J NO. Prcs't N. Com/
Approved.-PATH X KILLER,
CH \ n Lfcs HICKS.
A t M'COY, Clerk,
WASHINGTON '.ND THE CHEI?-
It ha been common of'atfi Hays, amonc
the trreat men of the Unfed States, to s» v
much on the subject of Indian civilizaticr.
and do but very little, tiwards
ng this des'rable th'/ipr. Many plans hav
been recommended, but as yet they hav"
existed only in declamations. The fact is,
that mere theory vv '' never civilize an In
-1 an, or any other mar; it will require ac
t've, unremitting and persevering eN°rtiops
—with these, and correct theory, the rov.
ng Indian may be turned to an industrioir
and respectable citizen. Among thos
vvha properly understood the subject of In
dian civilization, Gen. Geo. Washington,
that truly great and illustrious man, de
serves a nartjcul&t' mtV*. T T ' inr b : e ■>. '-
ministration, orig'nated this liberal and
kind policy, wh'ch the United States have
exercised towards the Indians, and under
which the Chrrokees hav«- ma le laudable
improvement, in agriculture and civiliza
tion; th"-eby shewing the practicability of
the measures of Washington to enlighte'n
the Indians. The following talk will ex
hibit to the reader, the plan of improve
ment which he recommended to th" Clwo
kees, and it may not be amiss to state, that
their present situation proves beyond a
doubt, that this plan was not mere declama
tion. The happy effects of it are now to
be seen in almost every house.
Of the President ofthe United States to
r his beloved men of the Cherokee Nation.
?- Beloved Cherokees,
Many years have passed since the
White people lirst cam® to America.
In that long spa. e of time many good
' -men have correrthfred "how the condi
tion of the Indian natives of the coun
try might be improved; and many at
tempts have been to effect it.
But, as we see at this day, all these
have been nearly fruitless.
I also have thought much on this sub-
and anxiously wished that the va
rious Indian tribes, as well as their
r neighbours, the White people, might
- enjoy in abundance all the good things
* which make life comfortable and
- happy. I have considered how this
, could be done; and have discovered
s but one path that could lead them to
a that oesirable situation. In this path
I wish all the Indian nations to walk.
From the information received con
cerning you my beloved Cherokees,
I am inclined to hope that you are
prepared to take this path and dispo
sed to pursue it. It may seem a lit
tle difficult to enter; but if you make
the attem >t r ydu vvijl find every ob
stacle easy to be removed. Mr.
Dinsmoor, ftiyfaeloVed it to your
nation, being here, I send you this talk
by him. He'will have it interpreted
- to you, and particularly explain my
Beloved Cherokees—You now find
that the gaifte with whflSh your woods
once abounded, are growing scarce;
and you know when you cannot meet
a deer or other game to kill, that you
must remain hungry; you know also
when you can get no skins by hunti no
that the traders wili give you ne. her
powder nor clcfathing; and you inmv l
that without other 'CHj.lemeius for fj]j
ling the ground than the hoe, you v . ill
continue to rais only scanty cru y 0 f
corn. Hence you are Sometimes ex.
posed to suffer much from hunger l J
t;old; and as the gamr arelessej,i * ,1
numb. 5 more and more, these , :f.
feriii s will increase. And how are
you to provide against them? Listen
to my words and you will knew.
itiy beloved Cherokees— Some h
mong, yen already experience the ad
vantage of kcoj ing cattle and hogs:
let all keep them and ircrease their
numbers, and you will ever have a
pi my ol meat. To these add sheep,
an : i hey will give you cloathing as
v,. M as. food, lour lands are good
• ,!l ' 1 '©at extent. By proper mi.n
--• niijii' von can raise "live stock ot
<y « : own vva.i.s, but to sell to
the h>.te people. By using the plow
you • -.11 vastly i;. crease your ere. s of
< orn kou can also grow wheat,
;whi h mokes the best of bread) as
veil s other useful grain. To th se
jou will e: sily add flax and cottony
im!, you may dispose Of to the While
peoj le, or have it made up by your
own women into cloathiug fo- your
selves. iour wives and
can soon learn to spin and weave; rr.d
to in aire this certain, I have directed
vfr. Dmssioon, to procure all the ne
essary apparatus for spinning and
weaving, and to hire a woman to teach
iheusecf them. He will also pro
cure some plows and other implements
of husbandry, with which to begin the
improved cultivation of the ground
whi h I recommend, and employ a fit
person to shew you how they are to
be used. I have further directed hirn
5o i'iu>.u.'c auuic caliirf una sheep loi
most prudent and industrious men,
who shall be willitffigto exert them
selves in t>.! 1 insr the and raising
those useful animals. He is often to
talk with you on these subjects, & give
you all necessary information to pro
mote your success. I must therefore
desire you to listen to him; and to fol
low h s advice. I appointed him to
dwell among you as the Agent of the
' nifed States, because I judged him
to be a faithful man, ready to obey
my instruttions and to tlo you wod.
But the cares of the United Stales
are not confined to your single nation;
They extend to all the Indians dwell
ing on their borders. For which rea
to superintend all their affairs; and to
assist (he particular agents with ea a
nation in doing the business assigned
them. To such general or principal
agent I must desire your careful at
tention. He will be one of our greatly
beloved men. His whole time will
be employed in contriving hmv to do
you good, and you will therefore , net
wisely to follow his advice. The
first general or principal agent will
be Colonel Benjamin Hawkins, a in;>n
already known and respected by you.
1 have chosen him for this offire be
cause he is esteemed for a good man;'
has a knowledge of Indian customs, aid
a particular love and friendship for all
the Southern tribes.
Beloved Cherokees—What I have
recommended to you I am myself go
ing to do. After a few moons are
passed I shall leave the great town
and retire to my farm. There I shall
attend to the means of increasing my'
cattle, sheep and other useful animals j
to the growing of corn, wheat, as:d
<>ther grain, and to the employing of
women in spinning and weaving; ;1}
which I have recommend to you that
you may be as comfortable and hap
py as plenty of food, clothing and oth
er good things can make vou.
Beloved Cherokees—When I have
retired to my farm I shall Impr of youj
and it will jjive me great pleasure U
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