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Cherokee phoenix. [volume] (New Echota [Ga.]) 1828-1829, March 20, 1828, Image 2

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know that you have taken my advice,
and are walking in the path which I
have described. But before I retire
I shall speak to ray beloved man, the
Secretary of War, to get prepared
some medals, to be given to such
Cherokees as by following my advice
shall best deserve them. For this
purpose Mr. Dinsmoor is from time
to time to visit every town in your na
tion. He will give instructions to
those who desire to learn what I have
recommended. He will see what im
provements are made; who are most
i ldustrious in raising cattle; in grow
ing corn, wheat, cotton and flax; and
in spinning and weaving; and on those
who excel these rewards are to be
Beloved Cherokees—The advice I
here give you is important as it re
gards your nation; but still more impor
tant as the event of the experiment
with you may determine the lot
of many nations. If it succeeds, the
beloved men of the United States will
be encouraged to give the same assis
tance to all the Indian tribes within
fielr boundaries. But if it should fail
t jy may think it vain to make any
fjrther attempts to better the condi
tion of any Indian tribe; for the richness
of the soil and mildness of the air ren
der your country highly favorahle for
the practice of what I have recom
Beloved Cherokees—The wise men
of the United States meet together
once a year, to consider what will be
for the good of all their people. The
Tvise men of each separate state also
meet together once or twice every
year, to consult and do what is good
for the people of their respective
states. I have thought that a meet
ing of your wise men once or twice
n year would be alike useful to you.
Every town might send one or two of
its wisest counsellors to talk together
On the affairs of your mtion, and to re
commend to your people whatever
- they should think would be servicea
ble. The beloved agent of the Uni
ted States would meet with them.—
He would give them information of
those tilings which are found good by
the white people, and which your sit
uation will enable you to adopt. He
•Would explain to them the laws made
t>y the great council of the U. States
for the preservation of peace; for the
protection of your lands; for the secu-
Titv of your persons; for your improve
"a is of living, and lor pi o
fiioti, g, yjur general welfare. If it
should be agreeable to you that your
Wise men shoulcf hold such meetings,
you will speak your mind to my belov
ed man, Mr. Dinsmoor, to be com
municated to the President of the U
nited States, who will then give such
directions as shall be proper.
Beloved Cherokees—That this talk
Bipy be known to all your nation, and
not forgotten I have caused it to be
printed, and directed one, signed by
iny own hand to be lodged in each of
your towns. The interpreters will,
on proper occasions, read and inter
pret the same to all your people.
Beloved Cherokees—Having been
iiformed that some of your chiefs
wished to see me in Philadelphia, I.
have sent them word that I would re
ceive a few of the most esteemed. I
How repeat that. I shall he glad t.o see
a small number of your wisest chiefs;
but I shall not expect them 'till No
vember. I shall take occasion to a
gree with them on the running of the
boundary line between your lands and
■Ours, agreeably to the treaty of Hoi
st on. I shall expect them to inform
toe what chiefs are to attend the run
fling of this line, and I shall tell them
■whom I appoint to run it; and the time
and place of beginning may then be
I now send my best wishes to the
Cherokees, and pray the Great Spirit
to preserve them.
Given at the Cit
ihe twenty-ninth day of August, in the
year one thousand seven hundred anc
ninety-six, and in the twenty-first veai
of the Independence of the United
States of America.
By command of the President of the
United States.
James M. llf.nrv. Sec'yofWar
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We have all, from our youth up,
heard the "love of Country" extolled
as among the chief virtues. Poets
and historians' have lifted to the skies
the fame of those, whose suf ,ings or
achievements have been thought to
prove, that their " love of country"
was stronger than that of life. When
we read the lives ofheroes ard states
men, we find them praised for acts,
done for the supposed ;.dv?ntage of
their country, which justice and hu
manity condemn.
It was one of the purpose; of Cbris-
I ianity to teach that enlarge ! benevo
lences, which embraces All nankind
as brethren. The "love o\ antry"
henceforth assumed a « idinate
place among the virtues. Wq mi<;ht.
indeed, bear a peculiar affection to
our countrymen, to those of our own
household; but in its exercise it must
be consistent with the stronger obliga
tions, which belong to us as members
of the human fymi'y.
There has been a sacredness at
tached to the n; of "country,"
whi h has caused men to overlook the
injustice of action in their supposed
disinterestedness Patriotism has
been esteemed a social virtue. That
which would bs wrong and disgrace
f"l if done for private good, has been
praisei ouhy. when the actor
has gone out o i .aiself, and through
suffering and danger has achieved some
public advantage.
A Christian, whose moral views
are enlightened and pure, governs his
affection to his country by the same
rules, which restrain him in the gra
tification of every passion, that seeks
principally his own benefit or pleas
ure. He loves his country much,
but virtue more. He desires her
prosperity, but desires more fervent
ly, that she should ever be found in
the path of honor and uprightness.—
Her misfortunes give him pain, but
lie would be more deeply grieved, if
her riches or territory were increas
ed by rapine or unjust war. His wis
dom, his talents, his best services are
ever at her disposal, to promote her
welfare, and to secure her peace.—
But to a national enterprise, which
his conscience condemns as unjust or
oppressive, he will no more lend his
aid, than he will sully his private re
putation by injustice or fraud. He
loves his country's glory; but it is a
glory not consisting in splendid victo
ries, nor in giving the law to conquered
provinces. It is that true and only
glory, which springs from moral and
intellectual worth. He is the same
in neglect and obscurity, as in the
brightest sunshine of popular favor.
Nay! he hesitates not to do good to his
country, though he foresee from his
countrymen, misled by passion or pre
judice, no reward but suspicion, 110
distinction but the miserable one of
being hated, accursed, persecuted.
Hut the patriotism. whi<K the
world applauds, is far different from
that, which I have now endeavored
to describe. It is loud and boasting,
arrogant, obtrusive, bold. It allows
neither justice, humanity, nor truth,to
stand in competition with the interests
of our country. Is a neighbouring
territory wanted for the convenience
of our trade, or the security of our
frontier, the fashionable language is,
that it must be ours. It must be ob
tained by force, if it cannot be by
treaty. And men, who would be
shocked if they heard such an inten
tion imputed to their friend, whose
fieldmightbe conveniently enlarged by
a small addition from a neighbour's
grounds, seem not to be aware that
they suppose any thing dishonorable
of their country, when they express
such anticipations.
If the fleets and armies of our coun
try are successful, such patriotism
requires of us to rejoice, whether her
cause be right or wrong. Nay, more,
we must be ready to raise our arm
and r.id in the slaughter of her ene
mies, though it be manifest, that those
enemies only use the right of self-de
fence in resisting unjust oppression.
And need I speak of the gross ex
aggerations concealments, misstate
ments, and falsehoods of every sort,
which are used not only with impu
nity but with approbation, to hide the
defeats or to swell the victories of a
nation? Strange that the honor which
is so quick to resent, even to blood,
the accusation of a falsehood, should
be so dead and palsied to the shame
of the crime itself!—Gallison.
Gfr CJR(T>O"
Conversation.—Discourse creates a
light within us, and dispels the gloom
aid confusion of the mind. A man,
tumbling his thoughts, and forming
them into expressions, gives them a
new kind of fermentation, which
works them into a finer body, and
makes them much clearer than they
were before. *A man is willing to
strain a little for entertainment, and to
furnish for sight and approbation.—
The very presence of a friend seems to
inspire with new vigor. It raises
fancy, and reinforces reason, and gives
the productions of the mind better
color and proportion. Conversation
is like the discipline of drawing out
and mustering; it acquaints a man
with his forces, and makes them fit
ter for service. Besides, there are
many awakening hints and rencoun
ters in discourse, which, like the col
lision of hard bodies, make the soul
strike fire, and the imagination spark
le, effects not to be expected from a
solitary endeavor. In a word, the ad
vantage of conversation is such, that
for want of company, a man bad bet
ter talk to a post, than let his thoughts
lie smoking and smothering in bis
head.—Jeremy Collier.
On Sunday last a most melancholy
circumstance took place about 60
miles from this city. The day as ma
ny of our readers will recollect, was
very cold, and in the afternoon a hea
vy shower of snow began to fall. One
hour before, a mr<n named Bethune,
with his wife and her brother, whose
name is M'Geoch, and a girl seven
years of age, also related, left the
township of Godmanchester to cress |
over lake St. Francis 011 the ice to '
Lancaster. The lake at this place it
seven miles wide. They had gone a
bout half way before the snow came
on. This part of the journey thej
performed without much diffiulty, thij
opposite shore affording them direc
tion with regard to the course to purj
sue. When the snow was falling,
however, they had no longer this ad
vantage, and they consequently had. tw
travel at rtffflcm. The cours«fe they
took cannot be known, but it is certain
that they continued their exertions for
a long time after it was dark. At
length the little girl sunk from fatigue
and cold.—Bethune lifted her up, and
stripping hiciself'of his coat, wrap
ped it round her, but in vain, she ex
pired in the midst of his exertions U
preserve her life. The state of hi.
wife next attracted his attention.—
That drowsy weakness which beto
kens the approach of the cold to the
vital parts, Was now obvious upon her
and he had the melanoholy task of en
deavouring to preserve her life. In
spite of all his endeavouis she .also
perished. M'Geoch was last seen by ,
Bethune endeavouring to* pursue his
journey; but so mueh weakened as to
be only able to travel on his hands and
feet. The latter reached a friend's
house on the north shore about mid
night, and informed them of the me
lancholy events which we have just
narrated* Thfi flight, IMS'-
too stormy for any one to go in the di- \
rection in which he had come, even if M
their so doing could have availed any"'
thing. Next morning several people
set out in search of the bodies, & seen
discovered those of Mrs. Bethune,
and the girl. It was not, however,'
until Tuesday, that the body of M'-
Geoch was found. He had crawled
in the manner we have described a
bout a mile and a half from the place
where Bethune Ir.st saw him—but in ,
the very opposite direction, from that
which he ought to have followed
What renders (Jms the more distress
ing, is the fact that the same exertion
if properly directed, would have bro't
him fairly over The only survivor of
this unfortunate |l rty, in addition to
the melancholy fate of his wife and
relatives, has su'tired severely froni
the cold, having f#een frost bitten ia<
several VVmiiii i
One circums(.i..„oe in this melanltf
choly tragedy d<, ,ves to be mention
ed, and adds one to (he many instances
of canine fidelity The p'arty when
"iey set out h.id iith them a dog.—
The faithful animi! emained all liiclit
with the corpses of the females, and
it was with difficulty that those who
d's overed them in the mornin? were
nermitted to approach.—Montreal
Herald, Feb. 6.
Th? following letter first appeared in (he
Boston Recorded Aid Telegraph, and
has been copied into some other Northern
papers. It will be niw to many of our rea
ders. As friends ofthe Greeks we take
pleasure in inserting t in our Column*.
Am hers j, Nov. 7, 1827.
Madam, —Yoursjof the 25th of Oct.
is before me. It forcibly reminds
me of the immense debt cf gratitude
which rests upon Greece and her
sons towards the b)nevolent and pat
riotic of this land, Where the Genius
of liberty loves to dwell. Would to
heaven she might ebuild her temple
in the "desolate daces j)f her cun
Greece!" The interest of my beloved,
oppressed country rill never cease to
be an object worth:, the attention of
the friends of liber| r and humanity—
never—unless she lerself shall sink
into the wide grav< of the nations thai
are not.
It affords me gnat pleasure, mad-r
am, to know that ;ou are making ex
ertions in behalf of ny country. Your
influence, so far rj it is consecrated
to the sacred cause of the regeifera
tion of Greece, wil tell in that vol-,
ume of Heaven's ecords, where the
philanthropic zeal »f those that live to
bliss, will remain as an everlasting
memorial. I beg; you to present to
the patriotic Ladi:s associated with
you. this express of •••;■ i
gratitude. "Thet3 is a place in Ihe
Heavens." said <jc Roman Tully,
"for those who figH for the liberties
of their country.' —Thfe .Christian
Scriptures assitrn aplace at the right
band of God, to bin who giveth a cup
of cold water to tie suffering, in the
name of a disciple; much more to
those who pray ani labor for the sol
vation of the dvint. The sons rnd
:e are wading thro'
daughters of Gre

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