EDITED BY ELI iS BOUDINOTT
PRINTED WEEKLY BY
ISAAC 11. ISA tltlS,
FOR. THE CHEROKEE NATION.
At $2 50 if paid in advance, $3 in six
months, or $3 00 if paid at the end of the
To subscribers who can rea 1 only the
Cherokee language th ■ price will be £'2,00
in advance, or $2,50 to be paid with.n the
Every subscription will be considered as
sontinued unless subscribers give notice to
the contrary before the commencement of a
new year. .
Any person procuring six subscribers,
tncl becoming responsibV for the payment,
shall receive a seventh gratis.
Advertisements will be inserted at seven
ty-five cents per square for the first inser
tion, and thirty-seven and a half cents for
iach continuance; longer ones in propor
ICF" Vll letters addressed to the Editor,
port paid, will regeive due attention.
AGENTS FOR THE CHEROKEE
The following persons are authorized to
receive subscriptions and payments for the
Henry Hit.l, Esc. Treasurer of the A.
B. C. F. M. Boston, Mass.
George M. Tract, Agent ofthe A. B.
E. F. M. York.
Rev. A. D. Eddy, Cananda'gua, N. Y.
Thomas H .stings, Utica, N. Y.
Polurd & Converse, Richmond, Va.
iV 1 "*. J A>lXst Bx. liLj . nuii/l i) &. C.
William Modlttie Reid, Char!-*?ton,
Col. George Smith, Statesville, W. T.
Rev. Bennet Roberts—Powal M?.
Mr. Thos. R. Gold, an itinerant Gen
New Town Nov. 12, 1825.
Resolved, by the National Committee
ttnd Council, That mechanics of the
several branches of trade, of good
character and sobriety, and well sl.ill
sd in their respective professions aie
hereby privileged and admitted to
come into the Cherokee nation for the
term of four or five years, under the
request & superintend ;iice of sui h rt s
pectable individuals ns are interested in
''. he improvement of the youths of this
country, who shall obtain from the
proper authority a permit for them.
Such mechanics when brought into
.he nation, shall be bound to set up a
ihop and carry on their trade regular
ly, for the time permitted, and shall
Inirther be bound to take under their
:arc for instruction, as many appren
tices as practicable, and to learn them
their respective crafts; and
Be it further resolved, That the dis
trict courts be, and they are, hereby
authorised to bind out such youths,
with the consent and approbation of
their parents or guardians , ?s may ap
ply for admission as apprentices toa
ny of the aforesaid mechanics, such
mechanics entering into bond and giv
ing such person or persons introducing
them ftito the nation as securities, that
they will honestly and faithfully, in
struct such appentices as may be
bound under them, in their trade; and
the mechanics and securities are au-
thorised to call upon, and it shall be
the duty of any public officer to arrest
a«d return, any apprentice, that may
run away; and further, the various
mechanics introduced, under this law,
shall be amenable to the authorities
and laws of this nation, for any offence
they may commit. >
By order of the National Committee,
JNO. ROSS. Pres't N. Committee.
MAJOR RIDGE, Speaker.
P \TH X KILLER.
" CHARLES HICKS.
A. MeCOY. C!e>-k of the N. Cnm.
& BOUDINOTT/ Clk, N. Coun.
JVcw Town, JVov. 12, 1825.
Resolved by the National Committee
and Council, That all persons who
may be subpoenaed by the clerk oi
any of the courts, to appear before a
ny of the courts as evidence in any
case, and such peison or persons re
fusing to appear and bear evidence,
and he, she or they being unable to
make any reasonable or lawful excuse
for not appearing, such person or per
sons. upon conviction, shall pay a fine,
of twenty dollars for every such of
fence, to be collected for the benefit
of the person or persons non-suited, or
cast in consequence of the wmt of
that person or person's testimony; and
Be it further resolved, That such
witnesses, attending agreeably to the
summons, he, she or they, shall be en
titled to receive seventy-five cents
per day for each day's attendance, in
cluding the time for goinc; and return
ing. and to be levied off the person or
persons against whom judgment may
be issued. These resolutions to be
considered as amendments to the
law passed Nov. 12th, 1824; and to
supercede-the section embracing si
By order of the National Committee,
JNO. ROSS, Pres't. N. Com.
MAJOR RIDGE, Speaker.
PATH X KILLER,
CHARLES R. HICKS.
A. M'COY. Clerk N. Com.
E. BOUDINOTT, Clem N. Council,
Neie Town, Nov. 12, 1824.
Resolved by the National Committee
and Council, That one hundred town
lots of one acre square, be h id off'. 011
the Oostenallah river, comment ing
below the mouth of the creek, neailv
opposite to the mouth of Caunausau
ga river. The public square to em
brace two acres of ground,-which
town shall be known and called Echo
ta; there shall be a main street of
sixty feet and the other streets shall
be fifty feet wide.
Be it further resolved, That the lots
when laid off, be sold to the highest
bidder. The purch?ser's right shall
merely be occupancy, and transfera
ble only to lawful citizens ofthe Che
rokee nation, and the proceeds arising
from the sales of the lots shall be ap
propriated for the benefit of the pub
lic buildings in said town; and
Be it further resolved, That three
commissioners be appointed to super
intend the laying off the aforesaid lots,
marking and numbering the sr.me, and
to act as chain-carriers and a survey
or be employed to run off the lots and
streets according to the plan prescri
bed The lots to be commenced run
ning off on the second Monday in Feb
ruary next, and all the ground lying
within the following bounds, not em
braced by the lots shall remain vacant
as commons for the convenience of the
town; viz: beginning at the mouth of
the creek, opposite the mouth of Cau
nausauga, & up said creek to the mouth
of the dry branch, on which George
Hicks lives up said branch to the
point of the ridges, and thence in a
circle round along said ridges, by the
place occupied by Crying Wolf,
thence to the river.
By order of the N. Committee,
JNO. ROSS, Pres't N. Com.
MAJOR RIDGE, Speaker.
Approved—PATH X KILLER.
M'COY, Clerk. National Com.
E. BOUDINOTT, Clk. N. Council
NEW ECHOTA, WEDJVES
Y MAY 28, 1828.
Between Gens. Gray, Liavidson and
Cocke, late Commissioners of the U
nited States, and JWessrs. John Ross
and Ridge, on the part of the Chero
Oct. 4, lb2"(.
Messrs. John Ross And Major
Gfntlemen:—On yesterday your
letter in answer to a reply maue by
the undersigned to yours oi ilie linn
ult. was received, and we must ex
press our surprise and regret, thai
every point by us laid down in thai
letter, is by you considered either er
roneous, or not founded in fact: anil
tiiat even the statements made by
General Gocke respecting what took
place on his visit at New Echota in
July last, should be pointedly contra
dicted. The General is not versed
in your language, and if he has not
given the words made use of by Major
Ridge, on his introduction to the Com
mittee and Council, he avers he has
given the words as explained to him
by your interpreter.
You have the candour to acknow
ledge, that you were informed by news
paper reports, that Gen. Co< ke and
two others from North Carolina were
appointed by the President of the Li
nited States to hoM Count ils with the
Cherokee tribe of Indians, and that
the session of your Council was con
tinued for one day. under an expecta
tion that the Geneial would make
some communication to you on the
subject of his mission; and as he did
not, you thought proper to direct your
Clerk not to furnish him with a list of
the names of the Committee and Coun
cil. You could not suppose, or ex
pect, that the General, without the
consent or approbation of the other
Commissioners, would attempt to o
pen a negotiation with you, or explain
the objects his government was desi
rous to effect by a treaty with the
Nation: it would have been in direct
opposition to the authority vested in
him by his government, and disrespect
ful to those associated with him in
Gen. Cocke also avers it is not a
fact that the application made to Mr.
McCoy was on the eve of his depart
ure from Echota; but that it was
made some days before, by his Secre
tary Major Hyndes, and afterwards
by himself; and not until the eve of
his departure waa the information re
In our former letter we assured you
that ample means had been afforded us
by the President to defray every ex
pense, and that the supplies were
provided. We use the term every
expense with the design to include eve
ry possible expense; nor should we
have hesitated to employ cooks, or to
have paid the members for their ser
vices fully as much as they receive for
attending at New Echota in Generr.l
Council, including the &c. &c. to
which you refer in your letter of the
27th of September. You "assure
us with profound sincerity," that no
thing is more remote from the inten
tion or wish of the Representatives of
the Nation, than to treat the public
agents of the General Government
with disrespect or contempt." Com
pare this assurance with your refusal
to attend the call and invitation of
that government; with the language
of your letters to her Representatives
and Agents. Recollect the treatment
of Gov. McMinn, and the Georgia
Commissioners, when they attended
your Council at and near New Echo
ta. You inform us that the Cherokee
Nation for eight years past have per
manently established their seat of
Government at New Echota, where
every convenience for the accommo-
dation of strangers and the Members
of Committee and Council, are pro*
vidfed, and conclude, should you meet
at the place named in our invitation,
you '-would be exposed to the weath
er as a congregated assemblage of
rude people on a hunting expedition."
In this you are Certainly mistaken-
It is true there is no palace for the
reception of a King or Emperor; but
there are four taverns in the vicinity
of the Agency, and one at it, where all
the Committee and Council can be
well accommodated, and their expen*
ses paid by us. •
We take leave to call your atten
tion to that part of our letter of the
23d of September, where we mention
your establishment of an independent
government. No expression was in
tended to find fault with your Consti
tution, or deprive your Nation of the
enefit of soiial intercourse in civiliz
ed life. On the contrary we expect
ere long to see you incorporated with
the American family, enjoying the
benefit arising from a well regulated
government. Your construction of
our remarks is not supported, when
you seem to suppose we are disposed
to find fault with your government.
It is useless longer to refrain from
disclosing our knowledge of the object
of your invitation to meet at New E
chota. We are correctly informed
that Mr. John Ross has used all of his
influence with the Nation to thwart
the views of the United Stales, "ftr.d
has been mainly instrumental in pre»
venting heir meeting agreeably to cur
invitation of the 23d of August. You
remark you have invited our attend
ance on the day appointed for the
mee'iigof the approaching session of
the General Council. Can you <x
pect this subterfuge will avail, when
you know ttip) yon bsvp r>w>dp(ej:*""'fl
ed to reject every proposition that we"
are authorised to make to the Chero
kee Nation? Why have you inter
posed to prevent their meeting us?
Is it necessary to keep the Nation ir ig
norance of their true interest? What
object then could we expect to attain?
It has also been communicated to us,
that Mr. Ross contemplates a trip to
Washington City the ensuing winter,
and this failure to hold Councils with
the Commissioners of the United
States is to be the ostensible cause of
Should our views be incorrect that
the Cherokee Agency is the place
proper to transact all business in whi« ft
the United States are concerned witb
the Cherokee Nation, for what pur
pose are agents employed, and near
five thousand dollars annually expend
ed by the United States in defraying
the expense of that Agency? The
Secretary of War transacts alt busi
ness with 3 our Nation at that placev
We are not advised that your seat of
Government is established for any oth
er purpose, than a place to regulate
your own internal affairs. In this 0-
pinion we are confident we shall he
supported by the Department of
Respectfully your ob't. serv'fs.
GEO. L. DAVIDSON,
Nfcw Echota, Chekokee Nation,
October 11th 1827.
To Generals, John Cocke Geo,
L. Davidson & Alex. Grat.
Gentlemen: —We acknowledge
the receipt of your letter of the 4ib
inst. We Jo not deem it essentially
necessary to go over all the different
points 011 which you have written;
therefore we must be brief.
You wish us to recollect the treat'
ment which Gov. McMinn and the
Georgia Commissioners received from
our Council at this place, we assure
you that it is well recollected that
they were treated with civility and
politeness by the members of Com
mittee and Council.
And you also state that "there is no
palace for the recept ion of a Kintr'or
Emperor at the Rattle Snake springs,
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