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but that there are four taverns in the vicinity of the Agency." We do not understand the idea you intend to con vey, in reference to a palace for the reception of a King or Emperor, as the Cherokee Nation are governed by neither, and we were not informed that you had anticipated the arrival of | any of the Crowned Heads from a broad. As to the four taverns spoken of we assure you that they are un known to us, and that we were in formed that the Rattle Snake Springs are situated in the wilderness, four miles off from the Agency. You also state that you are correct ly informed that "Mr. Jno. Ross has used all of his influence with the na tion to thwart the views of the United States, and has been mainly instru mental in preventing their meeting a greeably to your invitation ot the 23d August; and further that Mr. Ross contemplates a trip to Washington City the ensuing winter, and this fail ure to hold Councils with the Com missioners is to be the ostensible cause of that enterprise;" but you have not thought proper to state who gave you the information. We must therefore inform you that you have been intrud ed upon by those who were so expert in fabricating these misrepresentations, and we are sorry to discover that you are ready to believe every unfavora ble report respecting us. Very respectfully, Gentlemen, we are your ob't serv'ts. JNO. ROSS, his MAJOR* RIDGE, mark. Cherokee Agenct, 4th Oct., 1827. To the Legislative Committee and Council of the Cherokee Nation assembled at New E ciiota. Friends and Brothers: —The President of the United States, on the 13th of March 1827, appointed the undersigned Commissioners to liold Councils with the Cherokee In dians. A copy of our letter of ap pointment we lay before you, which will shew you the desire of our father the President of the United States; and also the object of Congress in making an appropriation of ten thous and dollars to defray the expence onfy, that should attend the holding of the Council directed. We now make the propositions to you in accordance withthe desire expressed by Congress and the President; and have sent our Secretary, Mr. James R. Cocke, with directions to lay them before you, and receive your determination. We request your early attention and reply, to enable us to report the re sult to the Secretary of War by the meeting of Congress. We have been long detained with a desire to have wet our friends the Cherokees, but without success, not occasioned, as we believe, by the act of the Nation, tut through the influence of individu als. Respectfully your friends and Bro thers. JOHN COCKE, GEO. L. DAVIDSON, ALEXANDER GRAY. Department of War, 13th March, 1827, To Generals John Cocke, G. L. Davidson and Alexander Gray, Commissioners, &c. Gentlemen:—An appropriation of ten thousand dollars having been made by the late Congress to defray the ex pense of holding Councils with the Cherokee Indians, for the two fold purpose of procuring an extinguish ment of their claims to lands held by them within the limits of the State of North Carolina, and for extinguishing their claim to as much land as will be necessary for a canal to connect the Hivvassee and Conasaga with each other —the President has appointed you joint commissioners to carry the objects of said appropriation into ef fect. No special instructions are es teemed to be necessary. The' mode and preparations are lejt to your discre tion. It is desirable that you act un der this commission as early as you conveniently can, and report your ne gotiations and their result to the De partment by the meeting of the next session of Congress. I have the honor to be, Gentlemen very respectfully yourob't. serv't. JAMES BARBOUR. By virtue of the foregoing full pow er, Major General John Cocke of the State of Tennessee, Brigadier Gene ral George Lee Davidson and Briga dier General Alexander Gray, both ol the State of North Carolina, propose to purchase, on behalf of the Lnited States of America, from the Chiels and Headmen of the Cherokee Nation of Indians, and extinguish their claim to all that tract or parcel ol land ly ing and being within the chartered limits of the State of North Carolina, orte of the United States of America, containing by estimation about five hundred and four thousand acres, bounded on the North and West by the State of Tennessee, —— agreeable to a line run and marked by Commissioners of both States,- — and South by the State of Georgia. The above named Commissioners like wise propose to purchase and extin guish the claim of the Cherokee Na tion to so much land as will be neces sary for a Canal to connect the Hi wassee and Conasaga with each other. To hold Councils with the Cherokee Indians for the two fold purpose above stated the said John Cocke, George Lee Davidson and Alexander Gray, request the proper authorities ot the Cherokee Nation to appoint Agents of said Nation to meet them without delay at the Cherokee Agency, where all Treaties and Documents are de posited. JOHN COCKE, GEO. L. DAVIDSON. » ALEXANDER GRAY. New Echota, Cherokee Nation, October 11, 1827. M General Council Convened. To Generals John Cocke, Geo. L. Davidson and Alexander Grav. Friends and Brothers—Your Communication of the 4th Inst, to gether with a copy of a letter from the Secretary of War shewing the ob jects of your appointment, and also your propositions to purchase from us a tract of land, containing about five hundred & four thousand acres, border ing on the state of North Carolina, for the use and benefit of that state; and likewise as much land aswouldbe ne cessary for a canal to connect the Hi wassee and Connasaga with each oth er, were received on the 9th inst. through your Secretary Mr. James R. Cocke; and in < mpltance with your request, we have bestowed our ear ly attention to the subject, and return you this reply; that the representa tives of this nation, in concluding the treaty of 1819, surveyed the past, and present condition of their Nation, and, with a deliberate and serious consideration, looked to its future des tiny, and solemly pledged themselves in General Council, that they would never dispose of one foot more ofland again. This sentiment and determi nation have been repeatedly declared to the Agents and Commissioners of the United States, as well as to our Political Father the President of the United States; but it appears that our brethren of the bordering states would not willingly believe that the determination was made in sober ness, and tliat the sentiment has been expressed with an unchangeable sin cerity of heart, or why should they have so often and so urgently applied to the President and Congress for ap propriations to hold Treaties with us on the subject? Surely our white brethren of the states who surround our small Territory possess too much magnanimity and charity of heart to disregard our unwillingness to part with our homes, the land of our birth, in order that their own aggrandize ment may be raised upon the ruin and destruction of ourselves and our pos terity!— The Cherokee Nation with great liberality have made cession af ter cession for the accommodation and extension of your states, and we had flattered ourselves that they, with the principle of liberality, would now have been silent on the subject of pro curing further cessions from us. We will now repeat again to you what has often been told to other Commissioners of the United States, that the Cherokee Nation has no more land to dispose of, and that we cannot accede to your propositions.—There fore we do not deem it necessary to appoint Agents for the purpose of ne gotiating a Treaty with you on the subject, for the two-fold object pro prosed. In giving you this definitive reply, we do it with consideration and respect, uninfluenced by any Individ ual, but,solely with the view of main -1 taining the interest of our nation. With great respect, we are poli tically your friends and Brethren. Members of the Committee. John Ross, President N. Com. Richard Taylor, Joseph Vann, George Lowrey, John Baldridge, Hair Conrad, Sleeping Rabbit, _ George Chambers, John Beamer, Thomas Pettit, Chuwalukee, Thomas Foreman, A. M'Coy, Clk. N. Committee. Members of the Council. Major Ridge, Speaker ofN. Coun. Going Snake, William Hicks, Tesateskee, Kelechulee, Tunateehee, The Feather, Walking Stick, Old Turkey, Dick, Rising Fawn Lee, The Bark, Little Turtle, The Beau, Chickasawteehee, Three Killer, Sicketawee, Chunoyikee, Tsquie, , Oowanookee, Poor Bear, Skalola, Slim Fellow, Tahquoh, Ahclosenee, Kunusenee, The Hog, Charles, Ooclunotah, €uwakee, Kaahteehee. E. Boudinott, Clk. N. Council. COMMUNICATIONS. Mr. Editor. —I have noticed in your paper accounts of missionary op erations, therefore, without intrusion, permit me to solicit in the columns of the Phoenix a place for an authentic and true statement of the Cherokee Missions under the superintendence of the Methodist Episcopal Church. There are four missionary stations, located a's tollwi- Creekpath, Chat tooga Courthouse, Oochgelogy and Pinelog. At each of these stations a school is taught, and the children are ! instructed in spelling,reading, writing, arithmetick and English Grammar, fn these several branches of educa tion, they are advancing with conside rable facility. The aggregate num ber of scholars is about one hundred. The teachers of these schools are preachers, and employ themselves during the week in the business of in struction, and on the Sabbath admin ister the word of life. None of the stations are permanently fixed, but subjected to be continued or discon tinued as may be deemed expedient. Itinerating schools of this character are, in my opinion, the best possible means to improve and enlighten, and effectually civilize and christianize the rising generation; for they may embrace every famiiy snd neighbor hood, and in the mean time not pos sess national identify with us; and when the whole nation shall have pro gressed so far in the arts and sciences as to supersede benevolent and char itable auxiliaries, the instructors may withdrav* from the field of labor with- out leaving antiquated permanent es tablishments with their concomitant appendages. It is not my design in this remark to reflect upon the well meant exertions of other denominations, who have been successful in doing much good among the Cberokees, i'or I am very conscious there may be correct ness of design and error in method * There are three large circuiis em bracing about sixty preachiug places, upon two of which the gospel is regu larly preached in English, and on the other in Cherokee. These circuits are superintended by the Rev. James I. Trott, the Rev. Greenburry Garret, and Turtle Fields, the last of whom is well known to be a Cherokee. Un der the labors of these pious and de votedly zealous men, the prospects of doing much good appear invitingly en couraging. May their labors be a bundantly blessed by the great Head of the Church. There aref seven hundred members of Society. Some of whom are lead ing men of the nation, and many fami lies of first respectability. These u nited exert a happy influence over their relatives, friends, neighbor's and the nation generally. The whole work is under the gene ral superintendence of the Rev. Will iam M'Mahan, Presiding Elder of the Huntsville district, Tennessee Annu al Conference, and a representative to the General Conference of Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States of America; a Minister of known character, and a man of exalted ta- lents. Thus I have given you a specific account of our stations and schools, and shall conclude by observing that, with the visible effects of Christianity presented to our view on all sides round, it is time that the enemies of Missionaries, should hush their objec tions and throw down their oppositions, tliat the gospel might have universa prevalency, and that its benign, salu tary and heavenly influence might hi diffused through all our social, politi cal and religious institutions. This is a day of events with us, w« ire merging from darkness to light.— rhose clouds that have so long hover ;d over us, and shrouded us in ignor nice, are about to be dispersed forev ir. May the sun of science in ful irbed splendor shine upon our intellec ual firmament, and may his piercim md meridian beems chase away the larknt ss of that night that has so lone lung around our minds. While I con emplate the rapid improvement ma ting among the Cherokees, from the Lpex of their present condition, I rol nick the curtain of futurity, and casl nine eyes down the stream of time.— perceive that it is at least within thf •ange of possibility, that ere long 'rom our infant institutions, will g< orth orators with flaming eloquence lefending their countrymen from tht ■upidity, chicanery, and deep laid ru nof their enemies; that men will be •aised up to bear the good news, th< ;lad tidings of salvation to other heath in nations, to carry the rays of the ;un of righteousness to the dark cav ;rns of ignorance, superstition, an< dolatry, and to preach the gospel o >ur Lord Jesus Christ in all its gran ]enr, and in the demonstration of tht ipirit and power of God. May Satan's Kingdom fall like lightning from the ikies; and may the commissioned an rels soon proclaim that the Cherokees >ave become subjects of saving grace ind h • f Glory. N. D. SCALES j * We are inclined to think that the wri ter is here incorrect, or at least, this asser tion is not supported by facts or experience. It is not from Schools of this nature that an ignorant child will derive the greatest permanent benefit. In 'itinerating Schools,' children may be taught to speak the English language, (in neighborhoods where the Cherokee only is spoken even this will hardly be acquired,) they may learn to read and write, and perhaps ac quire the rud : m"nts of Grammar and Arith metic, yet all this will but poorly qualify them as instructors to others; for the com plete civilization of this people must de pend in a great measure, upon the instru mentality of their own Citizens. It can hardly be expected that Missionaries will overrun this Country in older to civilize us—it must be done by preparing our own kindred for the work, whose labours will be by far more efficient, when properly and judiciously conducted. Itinerating preach ing we consider an excellent method of diffusing the knowledge of religion. A preacher ought, however, always to be ac companied by an intelligent interpreter, (whenever such can be obtained,) for those who are ignorant of the English language will derive but little benefit from sermons which th°y do not understand. — We hope the exertions of benevolence, by means of the different Missionaries in this Nation, will particularly be directed to this, by far, the largest portion of our popu lation. t The writer does not mean, we appre hend, by " Members of Society," Church Members in regular standing, but such as have intimated a desire to receive instruc tion. Ed. FOR THE CHEROKEE PHOSNIX. Mr. Boudinott:—Perhaps the communication of Mr. Huss, (The Spirit,) contained in your paper of May 14, including the last words of the man who was executed for mur der near Chickamauga Court House, may not be uninteresting to your En glish readers. I have, (with assist ance,) prepared a translation, which I offer for insertion. W. TRANSLATION. I here transcribe the addresses oi the man who was executed at Craw fish-town a few days since. The first address, which I give below, he re quested me to write for him, when he was aboul to be executed. In the morning, while the sun was yet low, 1 penned it for him, on the same day on which he was to be hung at noon, April 18, 1828. These are his words. "This day [ address you, my Uncles, that you may abandon the practice of drunken ness. Forsake all evil, ye whom I leave behind. I desire you to believe that the practice of drunkenness which you follow is evil. Follow that which is good. Abandon drunkenness. If you believe, we shall meet again. I have relinquished my sins to God, who only, I believe, is able to save me.— Do ye also the same. Truly drunk enness is exceedingly evil, for yon see before you the end of my life; my in temperance is the cause of it. There fore it is that I request you to forsake it. Do not fail to regard what I say, now that I am delivering to you my last words; for this day I shall leave my present life. To you also, my brothers, I say, follow that which is good. Regard my words. This also I say to you respecting our aged parents, —still provide for their support. Do not injure them, for I had promised to support them, and this is my end; for sake them not, but support our parents as long as they live. Let this be all my address." The following address also he made when he was just about to be execut ed. " I have thought, I will speak this day—let them remember my last words. My prayers only are present to my mind, [ literally cleave fast to me,] I cannot put them away. I en deavor only after that which was spok en to us yesterday.* There is nothing in my heart which docs not accord with that place of destination of which they speak. Should that be my des tination, we shall meet again, if you believe. Now we are met for the last time. Truly the drunkenness which prevails is a great evil. For sake it. Follow that which is good. Keep in mind such things as these. I have also made a request to those who are left behind [my relatives] to forsake the evil of drunkenness. I wish they may regard it. But here 5s one standing by—he sees us.—This is all—l can now say no more." Friends, Brethren, Let us read iud meditate upon (tie adofffsVct" lirered at Crawfishtown, which are here printed. In his first address, made to his relations, his object evid A ently is to persuade them to forsake the evil of drunkenness, and to regard the commands of our maker. And again in his second address he exhorts us all to forsake the evil of drunken ness. Thus it is that when God di rects his mercy towards any individu al, he is then desirous of forsaking sin, and such is the language which he u ses. For it is manifest that he must forsake sin who would obtain the mer cy of God; for so God has said in his word. For the language of the be loved Son of God is such as this; "Forsake your sins, and I will give you eternal life and peace." But all the unbelieving our Maker will banish into hell. When we read, let us re member what God has said, that if we believe it will be well with us. This also let us remember, that ih truth drunkenness is exceedingly evil:— that which he [the criminal] especial ly exhorts us to forsake. For it is manifest that the great prevalence of drunkenness amongst us is the source of multiplied evils. For this man, who was executed, explicitly states that his intemperance was the cause. And it may easily be perceived, that, as drunkenness increases in our coun try, so the instances multiply in which men do injury to each other. This is our greatest enemy. Manifold are the evils of which drunkenness is the source. I also, therefore, entreat you to forsake this creator of mis chief. JOHN HUSS. May 3, 1828. * I suppose Mr. Huss had made an ad dress, after the trial on the preceding day. MATTHEW, CHAP. V. •TS. DdBA<lT V.