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WEDNESDAY, MAY 23, 1823. We publish to day, the closing part of the correspondence with the late United States' Commissioners. We appeal now to every intelligent reader whether there is any thing in the conduct of the Chero kees, which may be construed as offering .contempt to the United States. The let ter from the Council, which closes the cor respondence, is dignified, yet respeclful, and affords a specimen of the feelings of our Citizens at large as regards their coun try. It will be seen that the propositions of the honorable Commissioners were unan imously rejected, and this is what they might have expected. We are rather at a loss to know why these Gentlemen in their circulars, thought proper to address themselves to ' Wamors,' when they might have known that we have no more such characters amongst us, and if there are a few such men who may consid er such an appellation applicable to them, they have no voice in our Councils, and are therefore not the proper persons to treat with. We hope the Savage appellation which we have determined to cast behind us, tvill no more be thrown upon us. We mentioned some time since that Bear's Paw, who committed murder at Sumach, was permitted to run at large.— We understand that he has lately given himself up to the Marshal of Chickamauga District and was to be tried on last Satur day. The pernicious effects of intemper ance, which prevails to an alarming eiten t this Country anr! elsewhere, stand in theiAaked order, divested of all palliating circumstances, when instances similar to the case of the above person, are consider - ed. We announced not long since, the execution of one, who publicly declared that intemperance was his ruin. Ere this probably, another has been condemned to suffer the demands of justice. Can the people of this country look at the prevalence of such an evil with indifference? Will the Patriots of the Cherokee Nation see one victim after another falling before that per nicious vice and not exert themselves to a vert its progress? It is high time that eve ry individual well wisher to his country should employ his influence todiscounte nancethe use of intoxicating liquors. Let the intemperate beware, & the dealerin spirits reflect and see whether they have not been fostering an evil of no ordinary magnitude. From the New-York Advertiser. LATEST FROM LONDON. Yesterday the ship Columbia, Cap tain Delano, arrived from London, bringing the papers to the Ist of April, inclusive. We have availed our selves of extracts made for the even ing papers, and are indebted to the editor of the Courier for the use of London papers to the latest dates. The intelligence from London by the Columbia, which is to the Ist of April, leaves the great subjects of peace and war, between Russia and Turkey, still in uncertainty. Prepa rations appear to be vigorusly prose cuted on both sides. Whether this indicates a determination on the part of either, or both, to push things to the last extremity, or is only intended by either, or both, to secure a peaceful termination, time alone can deter mine. If it were an abstract question with Russia, we have very little doubt that hostilities would almost certainly take place. But there are undoubtedly considerations of great, if not of paramount importance, which must be regarded before the last blow is struck, and war kindled which may deeply effect all the powers of Europe. There is no safe reasoning upon ordinary principles, in relation to the probable conduct of a Turk. The Sublime Porte have never been gov erned by the rules which influence and controul the conduct of other na tions. If a war takes place, we have no doubt it will prove a sanguinary one. An army made up of a Mahom etan rabble, commanded by officers of yerv little skill or experience,— an army without discipline, infuriated by religious animosity, and contending for their very existence against the enemies of their faith, and the foes of their country, will be likely to rush to the combat burning with rage, and thirsting for revenge. That the shock will be terrible, we are prepared to expect. That the Ottomans will sink under the conflict, we entertain very little doubt. That there will be a war may be probable; but according to present appearances, it is in our ap prehension not absolutely certain.— Time will disclose the result. The London Globe of the evening Of March 28th, says—We have this morning received the St. Petersbuigh Journal of March 11th (old style,) which contains what inay be consider ed the Russian declaration of separate hostilities. The following is an ex tract from this document—the whole is not published in the Globe; and as the London papers of a later date, down to Ist April, do not ap pear to consider it as a formal declara tion of war, nor was it, as far as we have seen, considered as such by the British Government, we presume the question remains as it did at the last advices. "Such acts, provocations so seri ous, and the measu . es which they ren der necessary, give rise to the most lively regret; but the causes of com plaint which the Porte seems to have studied to furnish us with, require, on the other hand, a complete and speedy reparation; and Russia, while it pros ecutes with its allies the negotiations which the accomplishment of the trea ty of London requires—while it con forms to the letter and spirit of that act in every thing that concerns its spirit and execution, will find means, with the aid of God, to obtain the in dispensable reparation; it will find means to secure to the commerce of the Black Sea, the inviolable liberty which is the first condition of its exis tence, to the treaties with the Porte the respect and the stability which they require, and to its injured sub jects all the compensation which they have a right to claim." AUSTRIAN DESPOTISM. The Austrian youth, having finished his Academical course, whether he be a lawyer or a divine, is entirely in the hands of the government. His past life and conduct serve his superi ors as a guide. Has be given tfie least cause of suspicion, shown the least penchant towards liberal ideas'/ then he may be sure that the higher his talents, the less is his capacity to serve his Emperor, or to obtain a li cense as an attorney. Should he ap ply to the government, for a non-corn missioned office, his immediate supe riors become his watchmen. An unguarded word is sufficient not only to preclude his advancement, but to de prive him even of his station. He cannot expect indulgence or forbear ance on the part of his superiors; it would be looked upon as a connivance, and, if repeated, deprive them of their places Francis may be said to have trained his subjects, during the thirty-four years of bis reign, to a blind obedience, which has absorbed principle, honor, and all noble senti ments. One is really horror-struck at the sight of the moral havoc caus ed by the short-sighted simplicity of a prince, who in order to bear down all dispute of his right and supremacy, has, in fact, overturned honour, mor ality. religion and principle. Right is in Austria what pleases the emperor— his will; wrong, what displeases.— Austria as it is. KING OF PRUSSIA "We cannot help doing honor to the King of Prussia and his ministry, as well as to the Royal Academy at Ber lin, for the generous support which they have given to a scientific expe dition. Nor is this the only noble transaction in which the King of Prus sia has been deeply concerned. Within a few years, he has made freemen of a large portion of his subjects, by ma king them lords of the soil which they cultivate, possessors by mere fee-sim ple. He has raised up the second, if not the first University 'of learning, now in existence. We refer to that of Berlin, which is not yet 20 years old. He has greatly improved other Universities in his territory, particu larly that of Halle. He supports, at his own expense, as we are credibly informed, 25 theological students at Wittenburg, on the very spot where Luther taught, and where three pro fessors of theology still remain one of whom is the well known Schleusner. He has made provision, that all the children of his realm shall be taught to read, and be in possession of a Bi ble. He every year bestows some distinguished honour or privilege on literary men, who contribute to the honour of his kingdom, and the in struction of his subjects. All this, too, with very moderate pecuniary sources, Prussia having scarcely any commerce with foreign countries.— ■A". A. Review. Jlsign of War in Georgia.—lf the present executive of Georgia, is out stripped in gasconade ana turbulence by his predecessor, he will not be sur passed by him inactivity and prepara tions for mortal strife, The names of twenty-three gentlemen are published, whom he has selected to serve as his Jlids-de-camp. An European Empe ror seldom has but three; but his ex cellency probably anticipates more extensive and varied military opera tions than any in which they are ever engaged.—Farmer's Register, (Troy.) Rochester, (N. Y.) April 22. Straw Paper.—We have, in our pos session, a specimen of paper manufac tured at Magaw s Paper Mill, near Meadville, Pa. from Oat straw. Its texture is finer than common wrap ping paper, for which, we conceive, it will answer as an excellent substi tute. It is, like many other excellent improvements in domestic manufac tures, the result of accident, the discoverer taking the hint from the circumstance of observing the oats straw at the bottom of the leach tub, after the ashes had been removed, in a glutinous and adhesive state. We should not be surprised if this circum stance should eventuate in the manu facture of good writing paper from the same material. The inventor has obtained letters patent, which we have but little doubt will warrant him a fortune. Public Lands.—For the informa- those who never see the doc uments piled on the tables of tl)e mem bers of Congress, I have made a sy nopsis of the report of the Commis sioner of the General Land Office, and Which accompanied the Presid ent's Message at the opening of the present session. The quantity of land purchased by the United States i» £58,377,667 acres. The quantity yet to be purchased, lying within the pn s ent litiiits of our States and Territo ries, is 55,947,453 acres. The a mount of land surveyed to Ist January 1826, is 138,988,224 acres. Amoun of land sold to Ist January 1826, is 19,239,412 acres. Amount of cash received to Ist Jan. 1826, is $31,- 345,968. Amount of land debt is $7,955,831. Total of sales of lam is $40,351,880 19- The amount paid for tne public domain, including the purchase of Louisiana, $15,000,000 and of Florida, 5,000,000. The a mount paid to Georgia and Yazoc claim, Indian cessions, and for survey ing 139,000,000 acres, and for expen ses sale of 19.229,412 acres, is $32,911,813. —Corresp. of the Con,- mercial. From the Sacket's Harbor Gazette. Horrid Murder.—lt becomes our pain ful duty to record one of the most shocking and appalling murders that ever blackens the catalogue of human crime, which occur red at Brownville, in this county, on the 15;h inst. A misunderstanding had long subsisted between four individuals of that Slace by tho names of Joseph and Heb' r lodgers, H"nry Dimon and Henry Evans, neighbors, all of whom were concerned in this bloody tragedy. Evans was living up on a piece ofland which h? held by contract, and had often stated that he should quit it this spring, upon learning which, one of the Rodgers went to the owner of the land and obtained a new contiact for it and in formed Evans what he had done. Evans then swore he would not leave the premises till be got ready. This fanned the embers of the old feud existing between them to a flame, and a consultation was held between the two Rodgers and Dimon to devise how they should dispossess Evans of the place. A brother of the Rodgers, who was the pai ticular friend of Evans, overhearing the conversation respecting putting Evans out of the house on the promises in question, went to him on the evening of the 15th inst. android him what his brother Joseph and H.-tjer and Dimon were determined to do, and remained with him in the house during the consummation of the horrid and bloody act which en ued. He says Evans barred the door to keep his brothers and Dimon out, but Heber Rodgers and Dimon, who still survive, say the door was not barred when they entered the house. Sometime in the evening, Joseph Rodgers went to the house, his brother Heber and Dimon follow ing after at some distance. Joseph entered the door and was instantly struck to the floor by Evans, by a blow on the head with an axe, and soon expired. Shortly after D ; mnn and Heber came up to the house; and Dimon went in and was met by Evans w ; th a blow upon the head with the axe wiih which he was armed, which brought him to the floor, but ivhich has not as yet proved mortal. Heber then entered the house, ignorant, (as it would seem) of the the fate of his brother Joseph and Dimon, but on discovering their shocking condition he attempted to retreat, and was pursued by Evans, who e;ave him a violent blow up on th° back with the edge of the axe which felled him to the ground, from which, how ever hopes are entertained that he will re cover. Evans then went to a distillery n-ar bv and informed the owner, a Mr. Peck, that he haii k lied the Rogers, and he was glad of it. He said he hail long desir ed to kill them, and requested Peck to go with him to his house. On arriving at the house, &. ascertaining that only one of the unfortunate men upon whom Evans had wreaked his premeditated vengeance, was dead, he said he was sorry, and regretted that he had not despatched all three of them. He has been lodged in jail at Watertown to to await his trial, and to receive the inflic tions of the law due to his crimes. We are informed that since in Jail he boasts with stoic hardihood of the bloody and depraved deeds h's hands have done, and says he is not sorry for it, and regrets only that he did not kill the other two. Joseph Bonaparte.—The citizens' line of coaches through New-Jersey, pass the residence of the late' King of Spai.i, at Bordentown, on the Dela ware. His estate occupies a large territory. His house is in the French style, but not splendid. His lands, on which immense sums have been ex pended, are well cultivated. In all public improvements he contributes liberally—something like four thous and dollars, I am told, he paid on one road. He is much beloved, and his memory will be ever dear to the vil lagers. There is scarcely now a poor family in the village, so many does he employ on his lands. He pays liber ally, punctually fulfilling all his con tracts—no law suits—no disputes, and the intemperate and immoral are at once discharged. He is constantly, in the season of agriculture, in the fields with his men, and is constantly with an elegant pruning hatchet in his hand. Strangers who are introduced partake liberally of his hospitality. He has thus exchanged a coronet of thorns for that of a peaceful agriculturalist, and become a citizen of our happy repub lic. Jntt si/stern of Punctuation.—At a dinner table a short time since, one of those non-descripts called a Dandy, was seated at the top, ?nd an honest, olain dealing farmer at the bottom,— during dinner time, a great many af« 2Ctedly polite speeches were made y the beau, and a great many coarse nes by the farmer. When cheese as introduced, the fop, in an affect' <dly mincing tone, asked the com pa- 1 uy whether they prefered the pw e or impure? On asking the farmer this question, the old man replied— Hang your pure or impure give me some of he musty." l Sir" says the dandy, "I must keg leave to tell you, that you have made very many insolent speeches during dinner; and, sir, if I have any repeti tion of your insolence, 1 shall place my thumb and linger on each side of your nose and make a parenthesis of it." "A parenthesis! shall you?" s?.y< the old man—"then I shall put my fist in your face, and make & full step. 1 ' The following are Candidates for the General Council of the. Cherokee Nation te' represent thf District of Coosewatee. For the Committee* WALTER AI) AIR JOHN RIDGE, For the CotNciu MAJOR RIDGE, TE-SA-DASKI, JAMES FOSTER, The following are Candidates for the en is suing Legislature of the Cherokee Natiotfy to represent the District of Chattooga. For the Committee; RICHARD FiELDS, THOMAS WILSON, DANIEL GRIFFIN, J* little Turtle, EDWARD GUNTER, ANDREW ROSS. For the Covkcix*. BARK, AHCHILLA SMITH, HEAD THROWER, JOHN RATCLIFF. LAUGH AT MUSH, SAKK? SCRAPERt The following are Candidates for the suing General Council of the Cherokee Nation, to represent the District of ChicW amauga. For THE CoMMITTEBfc DANIEL McCOY, RICHARD TAYLOR, JOHN F. RALDRIDGEI For the Council. NATHAN HICKS, CHARLES REF.CE, CUN-NF-QUOH-YO-GE : , SLEEPING RABBIT, THOMAS MANON, TSU-NU-GE, The following are Candidates for the G% neral Council of the Cherokee Nation to re* present the District of Ahmoe. THOMAS FOREMANj GEO. FIELDS, JOHN MILLER, YOUNG WOLF, JOHN WATTS, CRVWLING SNAKE, DE-SQUAH-NE, DEER IN THE WATE%, NOTICE. I HEREBY forewarn all persons against crediting my wife, Delilah McCon* neli., on my account, as she has absconded without tny consent. lam therefore de termined to pav none of her contracts. WILLIAM McCONNELL.. May 15,1828. 13—i NOTICE. TAKEN up on Tarripin Creek, hy Zaohariah Simmons, on the 19th insu. a BAY HORSE, with a small white on his forehead, about six j-ears old, and five feet and two inches high, and without any brand. J. ViNN. April 30th, 1828. U-8.