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EDITED BY ELIAS BOUDiNOTT PRINTED WEEKLY BY ISAAC If. HARRIS, FOR THE CHEROKEE NATION At $2 50 if paid in advance, $3 in six months, or $3 50 if paid at the end of the year. To subscribers who can read only the Cherokee language the price will be $2,00 in advance, or $2,50 to be paid within the year. Every subscription will be considered as continued unless subscribers give notice to the contrary before the commencement .ot a new year. Any person procuring six subscribers, and becoming responsible for the payment, shall receive a seventh gratis. * Advertisements will be inserted at seven ty-five cents per square for the first inser tion, and thirty-seven and a half cents for each continuance; longer ones in propor tion. JCPAII letters addressed to the Editor, post paid, will receive due attention. AGENTS FOR THE CHEROKEE PHCENIX. The following peef&ns are authorized to receive subscriptions and payments for the Cherokee Phoenix. Henry Hill, Esq. Treasurer of the A. 1 B. C. F. M. Boston, Mass. George M. Tracy, Agent of the A. B. C. F. M. New York. Rev. A. D. Eddy, Canandaigua, N. Y. Thomas Hastings, Utica, N. Y. Pollard & Converse, Richmond, Va. Rev. James Campbell,-Beaufort, S. C. William Moultrie Reid, Charleston, s. c. Col. George Smith, Statesville, W. T. William M. Combs, Nashville Ten. Rev. Bennet Roberts —Powal Me. Mr. Thos. R. Gold, (an itinerant Gen tleman.) MOURNING. " Black is the sign of mourning," says Rabelais, '-because it is the color of darkness, which is melancholy, and the opposite to white, which is the color of light, of joy, and of happi ness." MOURNING. The early poets asserted that souls, after death, went into a dark and gloomy empire. Probably it is in consonance with this idea that they imagined black was the most cougen ial color for mourning. The Chinese and the Siamese fchoose white, con ceiving that the dead become benefi cent genii. In Turkey, mourning is composed of blue or violet; in Ethiopia, of gray; and at the time of the invasion of Pe- ru by the Spaniards, the inhabitants of that country wore it of mouse co lor. Amongst the Japanese, white is the sign of mourning and black of re joicing. In Castile, mourning vest ments were formerly of white serge. The Persians clothed themselves in brown, and they, their whole family, and all their animals, were shaved.—• In Lycia, the men wore female habili ments during the whole time of their mourning. At Argos people dressed themselves in white, and prepared large feasts and Entertainments. At Delos thly cut off their hair, which was deposit ed upon'the sepulchre of the dead.— The Egyptians tore their bosoms, and covered their faces with mud, wear ing clothes of the color of yellow, or of dead leaves. Amongst the Romans, the wives were obliged to weep the death of their husbands, and children that of their father, during a whole year.— Husbands did not mourn for their Wives, nor fathers for their children unless they were upwards of three years old. The full mourning of the Jews con- I CMEIiKEE tinues for a year, and takes place up on the death of parents. Tile chil dren do not put on black, but are obliged to wear, during the whole year, the clothes which they had on at the death of their father, without being allowed to change them, let them be ever so tattered. They last on the anniversary of his death, every year. Second mourning lasts a month, and takes place on the demise of chil dren, uncles, aunts. During that pe riod they dare neither wash them selves, shave, nor perfume them selves, nor even cut their nails. They do not eat in common in the family, and the husband and wife live sepa rately. Slight mourning continues on ly for a week, and is worn on the de cease of a husband or of a wife. On returning frdm the funeral obsequies, the husband, wearing his mourning habits, washes his hands, uncovers his feet, and seats himself on the ground, remains in the same posture, and con tinues to groan and weep, without pay ing attention to any occupation, until the seventh day. The Chinese, when they are in mourning, wear coarse white cloth, and weep three years for. the loss of the departed. The magistrate no long er exercises his functions, the coun sellor suspends his suits, and husbands and wives, as with the Jews, live a part from each other. Young people live in seclusion, and cannot marry till the end of the three years. The mourning of the Caribbees con sists in cutting off their hair, and in fasting rigorously until the body putri fy; after which they indulge in de bauches, to drive all sadness away from their minds. Among certain nations in America, the nature of the mourning depended upon the age of the deceased. At the death of children, the relations were inconsolable; while scarcely was given to the aged. Mourning for children, in addition to its longer du ration, was common, and they were regretted by the whole town in which they drew their first breath. On the day of their demise, persons dared not approach their parents, who made a frightful noise in their house, yielded to the most violent fits of despair, howled like demons, tore their hair, bit themselves, and scratched them selves over the whole body. The fol lowing day they threw themselves up on a bed, which they watered with their tears. The third day they com menced their groaning for the loss of their child; this lasted a whole year, during which neither father nor moth er ever washed themselves. The rest ! of the inhabitants of the place, in or • der to evince their sympathy for the ' affliction of the parents, wept three times a day until the body was borne 1 to the grave. The following striking interposition of Providence, is said to have taken place duriftg Mr. Baxter's residence in Coventry. Several ministers e jected by the act of uniformity, who resided in that city, united with Mr. Baxter in establishing a lecture in a private house on a neighboring com mon. The time of worship was gen erally a very early hour. Mr. Bax ter left Coventry in the evening, in tending to preach the Jecture the fol lowing morning. The night being dark, he lost his way, and wandering about a considerable time, he came to a gentleman's house, where he asked for direction. The gentleman think ing it would be unsafe for such a per son to be wandering on the common at so late an hour, requested the ser vant to invite him in. Mr. Baxter readily accepted the kind proposal, and met with a very hospilable recep tion. His conversation was such as to give his host an exalted idea of his good sense and extensive information. The gentleman wishing to know the quality of his guest, said after supper, "As most porsons have some employ ment or profession in lift-, I have no NEW ECIIOTA, WEDNESDAY AUGUST 6, 1828. RICHARD BAXTER. doubt, sir, that you have yours."— b "Yes, sir, I am a maa catcher." —"A » man catcher, (said the gentleman, ti are you? lam glad to hear, you say a so, for you are the very person I want. w lam a justice of the peace in this n district, and am commissioned to seize 11 the person of Dick Baxter, who is expected to preach at a conventicle P in this neighborhood early to-morrow morning; you shall go with me, and I doubt not we shall easily apprehend v the rogue." Mr. B. agreed to ac- c [ company him. Accordingly, the next c morning, the gentleman took Mr. Bax- n ter in his carriage to the place where the meeting was to be held. When * they arrived at the spot, they saw a 1 considerable number of people hover ing about, for seeing the carriage of 1 the justice, and suspecting his inten- r tions, they were afraid to enter the 1 house. The justice observing ibis, f said, to Mr. Baxter, "I am afraid they have obtained information of my c design; Baxter has probably been ap- . prised of it, and will not fulfil his 1 engagements; foi you see the people J: will not enter into the house. I think if we extend our ride a little farther, ' our departure may encourage them to assemble, and on our return we may fulfil our commission." When they returned, they found their efforts 1 useless, for the people still appeared j unwilling to assemble. The magis trate, thinking he should be disappoint ed of the object he had in view, ob served to his companion—"That as 1 the people were very much disaffected to government, he would be much o bliged to him to address them on the ( subject of good behaviour." Mr. j Baxter replied "that perhaps this would not be deemed sufficient; for as the religious service was the object for which they met together, they would not be satisfied with auvice of ( that nature, but if the magistrate would begin with prayer, he would then endeavor to say something to them." The gentleman replied, put ting his hand into his pocket, "Indeed, sir, I have not got my prayer book with me, or I would readily comply with your proposal. However, lam persuaded that a person of your ap pearance and respectability, wotjd be able to pray with them, as well as to talk to them. I beg, therefore, that you will be so good as to begin with prayer." This being agreed to, they alighted from the carriage and entered the house, & the people, hes itating no longer, followed them. Mr. Baxter then commenced the service j by prayer, and prayed with that se riousness and fervor for which he was eminent. The magistrate standing by, was soon melted into tears. The good divine then preached in his ac customed, lively, and zealous manner. When he had concluded he turned to the magistrate, and said, "I am the very Dick Baxter of whom you are in [ pursuit—l am entirely at your dispo i sal." The justice, however, had felt so much during the service, and saw things in so different a light, that i he laid aside entirely all his enmity to ' the non-conformists,& ever afterwards l became their sincere friend and advo - cate, and it is believed also a decided . Christian.' EARTHQUAKE. At twenty-one minutes past eight of - the morning of the twenty-third of ; February last, the shock of an earth ; quake was felt simultaneously at J Liege, Maestrecht, and Tongres, in 1 the Netherlands; which lasted about - ten seconds at those places. The - previous night and the earlier part of i the morning portended, from the ap pearance of the sky, a high wind r from the south-west; but the weather , became suddenly calm a few moments - before the earthquake was felt.— s What renders this visitation the more s remarkable, is its having been appa i. rently confined to the low countries, e which have been peculiarly exempted ', from such occurrences; and none has - been remarked since that of 1755, o when Lisbon was destroyed, and near- ly the whole of Europe experienced, in some degree, the earth's commo tion. The cities we have alluded to above, were those where the shock was the severest. Liege being under mined in its whole extent by coal pits, its inhabitants were greatly as justly terrified. At Maestrecht, a catholic priest was in the act of performing the burial service in the public ceme tery, placed, as it would seem, on the very line the earthquake most forcibly evinced itself. Alarmed at the unac countable phenomenon, he, with the mourners, most unceremoniously left •the dead to bury the dead,' and took to his heels, none of the party pausing to take breath until they had attained the town. At Tongres, the mass lor the dead was saying in the ancient and remarkable church of that oldest of the cities of the Netherlands; and the corpse of a young woman was lying before the altar, when the.coffin was observed to move upon the tressels that supported it, and a strange moan ing sound was heard to fill the church: unprepared for these unusual events, fear got the better of devotion. With out the 'let us start fair' formality of the Cornish Curate, the Priest headed his flock in the attempt to escape from the church, but the doors opening in waid, were at once closed by the rush of the affrighted congregation; and long and fearful was the struggle, and the cries and shrieks of the candidates for Catholic Emancipation most alarm ing, ere a sortie could be effected. FLOOD AT ST. PETERSBURGH. r The following account of the flood f of St. Petersburg!), in 1824, is given s by Mr. Wilson in his "Travels in t Russia,"&c: —"On the night of the ' 24th of November the signal lamps ] were hung round the top of the stee- <_ pie, in consequence of a strong west- j erly wind impeding the rapid current ( from Ladago, and thereby causing a tremendous swell in the Feva and all t the canals. By 12 o'clock the follow- , ing day, nearly the whole city was A laid under water, and a scene of hor- < ror ensued that absolutely baffles de- j scription; for sentry boxes, timber, i furniture, and all kinds of provision ( might be seen floating in enormous j masses along the streets, while dark | rolling clouds added to the frightful , spectacle, and the water dashed over | the roofs of the highest houses. In , one quarter of the town, that is called , the Smolensley, the very mansions of the dead were invaded, graves torn o pen, and the coffins every where float ed about. The water was now 7 feet above the pavement in all parts of the city. Many persons never sup posing it would attain such a height, had left their houses to witness the increase of the Neva; but alas! on at tempting to return to them, per ished in the flood. All the bridges were swept away, and the broken barges, rafts of wood, galliots, and vessels of various descriptions carried along with them the lamp-posts, smashed the windows, where hurling to and fro, and some of the streets were choked up by them. In another quarter, th 2 Vissilli Ostov, where most of the houses are of wood, the destruction was tremendous; for these buildings were torn up from their very foundations, and entirely swept away, with the dead bodies of their in mates. Amidst these scenes of hor ror, many instances truly wonderful, and almost providential rescue from destruction occurred, among which the following deserves to be noticed: In one house that was surrounded with water: there were several children, who as the flood increased, first had recourse to a chair, and when it reach ed top of that, they mounted a tabl£ In this situation, perilous as it was, they fell asleep, and on awaking, found that their floated couch nearly touched the ceiling; by this means, however, they were miraculously I saved. The second instance is that tof a cradle being carried away by the flood with a male child in it, who like another Moses, was wonderfully pre- NO. 23. served. A wooden house having been lifted from its foundation, was afloat and washed into the Admiralty yard, and on searching this, it was found to contain much property. On the wa ter subsiding, the dead body of a fe male was found kneeling, in the act of supplicating to the image of a saint af fixed to the wall. Throughout the city all was terrour, despair and dis may; for the terrified inhabitants im agined a general deluge was about to take place." From the N. Y. Journal of Ccmmcree. Some things can be done as well as others.—On Friday last, at half pa9t 4 P. M. agreeable to appointment, a hair-'urained fellow in Patterson, whose name we do not recollect, leaped from the Passiac Falls _just to gratify an idle whim of his own. This is the third time he has done it—the first time lie did it by way of ex- periment —lie then gave oat that he would do it publicly lor the gratifica tion of any who pleased to attend.—- The authorities in Patterson were justly alarmed, &. put him under keep ing till they supposed he had abandon ed the purpose, but lie watched the jpportunity after he was freed from restraint, and when a number of per sons were present, in a favourable po sition, he carried it into execution.— Since that time the authorities have dlowed him to consult for his own afety, and he leaps from a precipice >f a hundred feet whenever it takes lis fancy. It does not appear that he eceives or expects any compensation "or performing this daring feat. He :ays he "merely wants io show that some kings can be dene as well as others.''''— The position from which he leaped on Friday is a few rods below the bridge >11 the side towards the village, and, f the falls are 70 feet (as commonly stimatcd,) about 85 or 90 above the water. The giddy precipices around the chasm were covered with a pro miscuous multitude of both sexes, w hose curiosity had brought them to gether to s t ee this singular feat of te merity. The universal anxiety of the multitude was manifest in their coun tenance, and still more perfectly in the silence that prevailed. When the man made his appearance a dark cloud had come over the spot, adding to the sublimity of the cataract that jf an approaching storm. As be walk ed deliberately forward to his position fou might have heard the beating of heir hearts had it not been for the ningled thunders, from the chasm bc leath and the clouds above. When le had divested himself of his coat, ■ est and shoes, and laid them careful y by, as if debating the question vhether he should want them again, le commenced a short speech to the ipectators which but few of course •ould hear. He then stepped for ward to the edge of the rock and look ?d'down, and the spectators on that side supposing that he was going off, •ame forward as their curiosity or .heir fears moved them, and seemed o those opposite as if all were about o make the fatal leap; indeed there vas great danger of a whole line of hose in front being crowded off. Af ;er he had looked down a moment, he itepped back a few feet, ran forward, ind leaped into the abyss. He went lown with his feet foremost, though Irawn up somewhat. For this reason, >r some other past comprehension, he lid but just go under the water, for le was immediately seen swimming )iTas quietly as if he had done nothing, »nd nothing had befallen him. The xianiac, what else can he be call id?) was greeted with a shout from he spectators when they saw that he vas still safe; and when he had reach sd the shore, he marched round to nis clothes with a look of composure ind satisfaction, and they to their lomes, some admiring his courage, but .nore pitying his temerity. CHEROKEE CONSTITUTION, Printed in both languages in parallel columns, for sale at this Office.