Newspaper Page Text
• T" v- W ' v '
CMEB#K.EE PEHENIX, A3il> MDIAM' ABV3SCAT2. PRINTED UNDER THE PATRONAGE, AND FOR THE IJEKEFJT OF THE CHEROKEE NATION, AND DEVOTED T< THE CAUSE OF INi :ANS. E. SJOITD LfOTT, Editor. JV£3W EC HOT A, WEDNESDAY MAStCH 4, 1829. PRINTED WEEKLY BY JISKO. P. WH3EH3C.BH, At $2 50 if paid in advance, $8 in six •months, or $3 50 if paid at the end of .the year. To subscribers who can read only ,the Cherokee language the price will be $2,00 "in advance, or $2,50 to be paid within the year. Every subscription will be considered as Tjontinued unless subscribers give notice to •fhe contrary before the commencement of a nPr , _ •nv person procuring six subscribers, an t jecoming res - J.'-' ff> r tlw jjjwnt, 4 fp. ill receive a seventh gratis. Advertisements will be inserted at seven ty-five cents per square for the first inser tion, and thirty-seven and a half cents for ■each continuance; longer ones in propor tion. ICJ* Vll letters addressed to the Editor, -post paid, will receive due attention. AGENTS FOR THE CHEROKEE PHCENIX. The following persons are authorized to . seceive subscriptions and payments for the • 'Cherokee Phoenix. Messrs. Pkiuce &. Williams, No. 20 . Market St. Boston, Maff. Gr.qRGE M. Tracy, Agent ofthe A. B. -S-. F. M. N«® Yo.-l- Rev. A. D. Eody, Canandaigua, N. Y. Thomas Hastings', Utica, N. Y. Pollard &. Converse, Richmond, Va. Rev. .James Campbell, Beaufort, S. C William Moultrie Reib, Charleston, -S c* C )i. Georgf. Smith, Statesville, W. T. William M. Combs, Nashville Ten. Rev. Bf.nnet Roberts—Powal M'. Mr. Thos. R. GoLD,-(an itinerant Gen tleman.) Jeremiah Acstil, Mobile Ala. REX.XOXOVS. • ITIE GOD OF NATURE. Vift your views to that immense ; -arcn of heaven which encompasses you above —Behold the 68b in all its splen dor, rolling over your head by day, and 4he moon by night, in mild and serene majesty, surrounded with that host of stars which present to the imagination an innumerable multitude of worlds. Listen to the awful voice of thunder. Listen to the roar of the tempest and the ocean. Survey the wondeie that fiil the earth which you inhabit. Con template a steady and powerful hand, bringing round spring and summer, au to mn and winter, in regular course— decorating this earth with innumera ble inhabitants—pouring forth comfort ■on all that live—and at the same time overawing the nations with the violen. e of the elements, when it pleases the Creator to let them forth. After you have viewed yourself, as surrounded with such a-scene of wonders—after you have beheld, on every hand, such an interesting display of majesty, unit ed with wisdom and goodness, are you .not seized with solemn and se rious awe?—is there not something that whispers within, that to this Cre ator homage anil reverence are due, by all the rational beings whom he has m ide? Admitted to be spectators of hi.s works, placed in the midst of so many great and interesting objects, can you believe that you were brought here for no purpose but to immerse yourselves in brutal, or, at best, in trifling pleasures, lost to all sense of the wonders you behold; lost to all •reverence to that God who ?ave you • being, and who has erected this amaz ing fabric of nature. 011 which.you look on'v with stupid and unmeaning eyes? —No—let the scene which you behold prompt c rres 'ondent feelings. Let hem awaken yon from the degrading iri- toxication of licentiousness, into nobler emotions. Every object which you view in nature, whether great or small, serves to instruct you. The stars and insects, the lieiy meteor and flowing spring, the verdant field ahd the lofty mountain, all exhibit a Su premo Power, before which you ought to tremble and adore; all preach the doctrine, all inspire the spirit of devotion and reverence. Regarding, r • • then, the work of the Lord, let rising e- in itions of aWe ,d gratitude call forth from yc 'r s>>u.l& sui.h s.-» iroents a? :V whore ver I m. ami whatever I enjoy, may I never forget thee, as the author of nature! May 1 never forget that I am thy creature aAd thy subject! In this magnificent temple of the universe, where thou hast placed me, may I ever be thy faithful worshipper, may the rever ence and fear of God be the first sen timent of my heart."—Blair. GOD SEEN IN HIS WORKS. FROM FENELON. All nature shows the infinite skill of its author. I maintain that accident, that is to say, a blind and fortuitous succession of events, could never have produced all that we see. It is well to adduce here one of the celebrated comparisons of the ancients. Who would believe that the Iliad of Homer was not composed by the effort of a great poet; but that the characters of the alphabet bein<* tli rown confusedly together, an acci dental stroke had placed all the let ters precisely in such relative situa tions, as to produce verses so full of harmony and variety; painting each object with all that was uiost noble, most graceful, and most touching in its features; in fine, making each per son speak in character, and with such spirit and nature? Let any one rea son with as much subtilty as he may, he would persuade no man in his sens es that the Iliad had no author but ac cident. Why then should a man, pos sessing his reason, believe with regard to the universe, a work unquestiona bly more wonderful than the Hind, what his good sense will not allow him to believe of this poein? But let us take another comparison, which is from Gregory Nazianzen. If we heard 111 a room behind a cur tain a swj-et and harmonious instru ment, could we believe that accident produced it? Who would doubt seri ously whether some skilful hand did not touch it? Were any one to find in a desert island a beautiful statue of marble-, he would say, surely men have been here. I recognise the hand of the sculptor; 1 admire the.delicacy with which he has proportioned the body, making it instinct with beauty, grace, majesty, tenderness, and life. What would this man reply, if any one were to say to him, No, a sculptor did not make this statue. It is made, it is true, in the most exquisite taste, and according to the most perfect rules of symmetry; but it isac ident (hat has produced it. Among all the pieces of marble, one has happened to take this form of itself. The rains and the wind detached it from the mountain; a violent storm placed it upright upon this pedestal, that was already prepar ed and placed here of itself. It is an Apollo, as perfect as that of Belvidere; it is a Venus equal to that of the Me dieis; it is a Hercules which resem bles that of Farnese. You may be lieve. it is true, that this figure walks that it lives, that it thinks, that it is going to speak, but it owes nothing to art, it is only a blind stroke of chance that has formed it so well, and placed it here. Mti.tox has (he following remarks upon misspent time:—"Hours have wines and fly up to the Author of time, anil carrv new* of our usae;e. AH our prayers ?annot intreaf one of'l'icm ei ther to return or slacker: h s pa e. The of every minu;e is a n ew record agaiist us in heaven: sure if we thought thus, we would dismiss (hern with better report, and not suf fer them to go away empty, or laden with dangerous intelligence. How hof - py is it, that every hour should convey up not only (he message, but the fruits oT good, and stay with the Ancient of Days to speak for us before Iris glori ous throne." f a 11 Recorder. Mr. Hastings—l present you, in this communication, among o\ber things, the copy of an Indian's sfteuih —the principal chief of the Stock bridge nation, located near Greffli- Bay, addressed to myself and two or three others, who had spent several months at that jdace, but were then about to leave it for New-York. If you think it would do good, please to give it a place in the Recorder. A brief account, also, of this set tlement of Indians, perhaps, would hot be uninteresting. In 1818, a band of about forty in number ol these Indians, living in Now.Slockbridge, were fitted out to go to White rivUr, e in Indiana, tor the purpose of settling tl in that place, and thus open the way a for the removal of the remainder of . Seven or eight ot this the tribe. number were professedly pious; and ( before leaving, they were organized into a church. ,The chief, being pi- ; ous, constituted a kind of leader or deacon. As he could read and spettfc the Englisti language, he was furnish ed with some valuable hooks, particu larly Scott's Family Bible. IJeuas also directed to convene his church and people on the Sabbath, and have religious service. This consisted in singing, prayer, and reading one chap ter in the forenoon, and one in the af ternoon, from' Scott's Bible, with the notes and observations. This I be lieve was their constant practice. But ere they arrived at their place 'of destination, their lands, which were owned in common with the Delawares and Munsees. c\ere purchased by the United States commissioners of the Delawares alone. This was to them a sore disappointment. After re in .ining in an unsettled state three or tour years, and making repealed though unsuccessful applications to the general government, for the res toration of their country, or a part of it, they removed to their present place of residence. This they call Satesburgh. It is situated on Fox river, twenty miles above Green-Bay. Others have since removed from New-Stockbridge; making in all iii this settlement, between two and three hundred. They have here four or five hundred acres of land, cleared, fenced, & in a good state of cultiva i tion. Most of them have comforta ble log-houses, raise good crops of corn, potatoes, and are beginning to raise English grain. They have also plenty of cattle, &c. They have just begun to build framed barns— have a saw-mill, and are now erect ing a grist-mill. The soil here is fer tile; the climate mild and pleasant, and as healthy as in any part of the United States. Could the Indians he pei mit ted to enjoy this country, un disturbed, and uncorrupted by the whites, they would soon become an industrious, intelligent, virtuous and happy people. The speech I send you, was deliv ered at a religious meeting on Sab bath evening. The meeting was un usually solemn and inteiesting. It was the last I expected to attend be fore leaving them. After speaking some time in his own tongue to his people, in a very affecting and ap propriate manner, hi* addressed in English lliose of us who were about to take our departure. While speak i g of the wretched and perishing In dians around them, he was so affected, as frequently to pause,. to suppress ! his feelings before he could pro i ceed. SPEECH, f ''My Friends You who are about . to leave us, I have a word to say to you. When you come here we were glad—we felt rejoiced; and now you ■ are going away, we feel sorry. We think we have been benefited by you. We have been in the wilderness a longtime; souie of us 10 years; some six years; some less. We were like sheep without a shepherd—scattered in the wilderness, without a leader, or any one to go before us. "About a hundred years ago; the white men, and onr forefathers in New-England,formed a chain of friend ship; it has been kept good ever since; it has never been broken; has al ways been kept bright. Eighty-three years ago, they formed another kind of friendship; this was spiritual friend ship. The good people from England sent us God's word—the bible—that holy book, when we lived in Old- Stockbridge,Massachusetts;and wliei we left there, and come to New- Stockbridge, New-Fork, this friend ship continued. They sent us a teach er —a spiritual father, to guide us and to tell us what to do. Here we enjoyed great many privileges—great many blessings; but we did not care about them; we mado light of them; we despised theju. But when we come away here, and God take all these from us—then »e begin to think —we think about what we had -lost; and then we begin to tiy again. Some times I did not know what we should do. I thought this church would be come extinct. I thought it, 1 die. I remember ivhcn we lived in Neiv-Stoekbridge, Dr. Backus, presi dent of Hamilton College, come (here: He preached to us: We were brok en—in a poor state. I then thought we should be s altered and die: But he said this church must not become extinct; it must .not die; it could not die. He said it would live. I could not bcliove it. I did not trust God enough. I feel that I was wrong— for he is able to keep us; and now I believe he will keep us—for he has heard our prayers. When we had no one to teach us, we cried unto God our heavenly Father; we prayed that he would send us one to guide us, to be our spiritual father; and he has answered our prayer. He sent us one last summer, and we were clad to see him; we rejoiced to take him by the hand; and we thanked our heavenly Father for it. He stayed with us some time; and we begin to do bet ter. He then left us. Last spring lie come back again--eome to live with us: and a number of others with him. We were gald to see you all: we feel you have done us good; we have had many good meetings to gether since you coma here; and we hope many of us are trying to do bet ter now. But it seems the time has come when some of us must part. '.'My Friends—l want to say one thing to you. If God spare your life, to go through that 10-g and danger ous path, and you get home to your friends again. I want you should tell them how we live here, and what we are doing. Tell them, many of us poor Indians, liere in this wilderness live like the beasts—live like the brutes. They have no houses—hard ly any clothes—go most naked—some times have nothing to eat—go hun gry a longtime. They are ignorant as the brutes. They have no God—• no Christ—no Lible—no Sablath no one to tell them about these things Tell your friends, the door is '-pen he,c —they are white to the harvest. Tel' them, we can look nil around us—to the north, and to the south—to the east, and to the west—and the fields are all white to the harvest-, but the labnwers are few. Tell them to come and helri «s; tell them comf and teach us. When you get home to your f-milv and friends, \\p. want you should pray for us. Tell thpjn to [pray for us, poor Indians, who live VOL. 1.--AO. cl. here in the wilderness. Tell them io pray that tlit: Lord, would send us inure teachers. We hope you vvilj not for get us: We shall never forget you; we will pray for you. And inay the Lord bless you. This is what 1 have to say." I also send you a copy of a pamph let we have just published, relative to the New-York Indians.* An agent is now on his way to Washington, on this business. O, that the Patriot, the Philanthropist, and the Christian, would speak out on this subject. II the Lord will, 1 intend to return to Green-B:ry, in the spring. , •It appears from this pamphlet, which is in the form of a memorial to the govern* ment of the U.iited States, ihat the In ians who removed to Green-Bay froin Oneida,are appiehensive of being turned out of possession of a considerable portion of the lands on which they are located, and which they purchased of the Mennm'nle and W nnebago Indians, by the permission and with the sanction of tne genera; gov ernment; a treaty having been recently concluded b\ Gov. Cass- with the Meno» iriniesand Wjnnebagoes, by which the United States have obtained the title to a great extent of territory, in wliich a large port : on of the above mentioned lands are included, without the consent ol the pre* sent possessor, or any recognition of ihcir previous claim.—Ed. Itec. GEORGIA AND THE ABORIGI- NES. [Extract from the memorial of R,, Campbell of Savannah to the Senate qf Georgia.] "T lie hostile feeling which is enter tained towards the Indians, is made UftO of ;»« nnmhor f/»n tKoif *•<?- moval over the Mississippi, it being asserted flint they will not be allowed 16 reside upon their lands here in peace Upon this permit jour memorialist t6 say that if the Cherokees are to be removed from their native country, for fear ol hostilitits from their pres ent neighbours who are the inhabit ants of North Carolina, South Caroli na and Georgia,-, three of the old thirteen Stalls, who can pretend to entertriu the opinion that I hey would he moie secure, or would be allowed to lite more peaceably, in that Arab cou try spoken of for their residence; a ceun tiy rertainly net as civilized, as the States' mentioned & which in a few apei mus; los most of that which she now poss sse . from her extent & the spnie ness of population? and ifthe-title of the Cherokees to the lands which 1 ve never been conquered from t! em; which they have never ceded av av; which they have from time immemo rial occupied; which is fenced in uj on a?l sides both by laws and trea'ies, with those whonow claim it?—if their title to these lands be by one of the old ft tes deemed defective, how are they to obtain an unquestionable title to anv others? May not some new reading of the constitution be brought by their new neighbois to shew that Congress had no power to bargain away lie public lands, after the title had been once vested in the IVtrd States? May it not be contended, that though the Indians may relinquish, they cannot talc a title, wit! as much force as that, because they cannot understand English, they s' onjd not be believed? May not the same argument which is new with many conclusive, again be. revived on the west of the Mississippi, by their then benevolent neighbors, that they cannot permit them to live peaceably, and that therefore it will be better for ! *hem that they should be removed per u"s *o .the snow-clad Rocky Moun tains." Cherokee lanr!n —We enr>v from the Journal of this place, vr'>at pur* nortstobea synopsis of*' festin'i ny lately collected in relation to ihs ancient boundary between the Creel s and Cberokees. Tt is designed to prov© that Georgia, being deceived as to *.ba exact amount of territory owned by the former, brs not received her fust measure—ln oilier wipr&; that tb« J. D. S.