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Cherokee phoenix, and Indians' advocate. [volume] (New Echota [Ga.]) 1829-1834, April 01, 1829, Image 2

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s 'fill,, continuing- -his discourse al
t! h the company might be dancing,
'o' vever inattentive. Old men at
<im« were ruiiiv. When he was
jr nj h" was careless and inattentive,
•i.i therefore kno vs less of traditions
than he hare known.
0 ig< » if the Cheroktes.—[.inquired
o r whence the Cherokeei came
to fh : s plane. He could trace their
origin no further than the head waters
of flip Holston-
formation of the Earth.— Before
the formation of the earth all around
was witer Bv order of God inferioi
povvers undertook to forin the earth.
Various attempts failed, till at length
a great angle-worm was directed to
dive : lto the water, which he did, and
came up exceedingly large, having
shallowed nn immense quantity of
earth, which he deposited on the sur
face of the tvater, and formed this
world. It was at first an extended plain,
but afterwards, bv what m he
knows not acquired its present diversi
ty of hills & vallies. Whence came the
water, or any thing prior to the forma
tio i of the earth he never heard.
Creation of Man.—Man was at firs!
formed of earth. Two men were ori
ginally made by the Creator, an In
dian and white mm. Each of these,
afier a season, became exceedingly
lonesome, on which account the Cre
ator formed a woman, also of earth,
rind gave to him.
Origin of Literature among the
Whites.—Soon after the Creation,
Ivhile the Indian & the white man were
together, God visited them, and pre
sented to the Indian a written paper.
He was at first unable to read it, but,
after studying a while, was beginning
to make ut a few words, when the
white man very un-eremonionsly
snatched the paper from his hand,
read it without hesitation, and pu it
in his pocket. Hence Ihe white
men came to have learning,. while
the Indians were unable to put lan
guage on paper.
Fall of Man.--At first men were
innocent and immortal. But after
they had begun to multiply greatjy,
they became the envy of beings who
dwelt above, who said, "At this rate
they will soon overflow the earth!"—
A motion was therefore made in grand
council in heaven, that man should
be subject to death The ino ion
prevailed, and the wicked one, c/uh
ir>, tbe chief uf the authors of evil, un
dertook to about tbe object.—
God bad foi bidden man on pain of
death to eat the fruit of a certain
tree. Of this [ rohibition the wicked
one took advantage. Influenced by him
the lirst man* plucked the fruit of tbe
forbidden tree; be looked '»n it—it
was fair; he smelt it—it was fragrant;
he tasted—and was ruined
Dims mof Nations and Linkages.
After the fall the Creator distributed
mankind among several towns, or dis
tricts, and gave to the inhabitants ol
each a peculiar language.
The Dehige. After the events al
ready mentioned, men having become
wicked, God caused a deluge to de
stroy them. A certain man had a
dog, which miraculously spoke tohim,
informing him that, after twelve days.
? rain would commence, which should
drown the world; and directed him
what to do. He told him to build a
raft, and make a very long rope. The
mm accordingly commenced labor.
He was ridiculed by his neighbors'
but persevered, completed his raft,
and a very long rope by which he
fastened it. At the end of twelve
days the rain commenced. He plac
ed himself on the raft. The rain con
ti iu«d till the whole earth was over
flowed. Huge alligators destroyed
every living creature which swam 011
the water, but this one man and his
dog floated securely on the raft. The
flood continued lor a long time. When
the waters began to abate, the dog
petitioned to be thrown out. The
man at first refused, but at length, af
ter a whole day s entreaty, yielded.
The dog was immediately devoured
bv the alligators. At last the raft
landed. The solitary man left.it,
and went in search ofthe town where
he had lived- He found the spot at
snme distance, but it was desolate.
Having a little provision left, he built
a camp, and remained until the
seventh day, when he suddenly heard
* 1 inquired whether the Indian or the
-wh'te man. He replied the Indian. It is ob
vious to remark the confusion which arises
f r om blinding th° original tradition, which
•was prnhiibly that of the creation of on»
man orilr, with the idea ofthe original crea
tion of (wo, whi"h doubtless sprung up after
-fkty had a knowledge of white mpn.
a whoop, in wfiich a multitude of
voues united. He ran towards the
sound, till lie came in sight of a bill,
from which were issuing forth a rnul-
Uiiid-; of j»eo|)le, who proved to be his
companions who had been destroyed
by Ihe flood, revived again.
Unity of God.—The Gberokees,
my informant said, have never ac
k lo.vledged but one God, o-awm,
the Creator, lie was altogether ben
evolent and good.
Inferior Brings -—They believed in
the existence ol evil beings,
the authors of all misdiief, who, as
woll as the Creator, d>velt above.
T iese were the beings dwelling a
bove, mwj who decided in
grand council that rn in should be sub
ject to death. He does not recollect
whether he ever heard ef any good
beings dwelling above, except God.
He may have been told of such, but
if so he was so,inattentive as not to
recollect. Whether these evil be
ings were spiritual or qorporeal, he
does not remember to have beard,
and never formed any definite idea.
He only understood them to be evil,
and the authors of evil.
Religious Worship.—The only re
ligious worship of which he had ac
knowledge was connected with what
is termed conjuring, and, as he is no
conjurer, he has had little knowledge
of this. Addresses are, however, and
always were made by the conjurers
to tHe Supreme Being.
Green corn Dance.—This was an
annual festival, of which he does not
know the origin or design. He sup
poses the conjurers know. Tie day
was appointed by the old people. The
conjurers prepared a sort of medi
cinee, and seven families were ap
pointed to furnish corn for the feast.
Every one must take a portion of the
medicine, and a portion was offered
by throwing corn into the fire, before
any one could eat. Before this feast
it was unlawful to eat of the new corn
of the season, and no person was ever
known to transgress. After it all
might eat freely.
City of Refuge —The Cherokees
had a city of refuge for the manslay
er. This was Echota,f tkj, their
honored town, of which my informant
was once an inhabitant. Whoever
bad killed a person, whether intention
ally pr by#)cedent, had the privilege
of fleeing to this town, when he was
safe from the avenger. The condi
(ion of his residence was, that he
should go out to'battle in the next war
that mi a;ht occur; in which if he kill
ed or took prisoner an enemy, he was
free. If after that he was killed, the
avenger was demanded bv the chiefs
of Ecliota, and put to death. If he
was unsuccessful in the first war, he
must renew the attempt in each suc
ceeding war, till he was
or till he diedT never being free from
the city of refuge 011 any other condi
tion. ' . ■■■,:■
Future state.-—The. old man knew
no tradition respecting a future state,
and thought nothing of any life beyond
the present. Hehad-a fear of ofFend-
ing God, and an apprehension of pun
ishment, but death was the greatest
and last evil which he feared.
Polygamy,—l had heard it said
that polygamy was unknown among
the Cherokees, till it was introduced
by resident whites. I therefore in
quired of the old man, who replied
that such a custom formerly existed,
but was unfrequent.
These are some accounts of
the traditions aod former cus
tom of the Cherokees, as I
derived them, by the aid of an inter
preter, from a si igle'iudividual, who
did not profess great knowledge re
specting them. Other aged persons
would doubtless differ from him in
some particulars, and probably more
information might Tie obtained from
some aged conjurer. W.
t The place where Echota was situated
is no longer in the possession of the Ch'ro
kees, having been ceded in the year 1819.
It was, I am informed, on the Little Ten
nessee river, a few miles from Tellioo
block-house The plac" is sai lto be now
n the possession of Col. Matthew W.
Extract of a letter from the Rev. William
Dickey, to the Editor of the Western
Luminary, dated Bloomingburg, Ohio,
Jan. 28th, 1829. '
♦'Let me give you an incident in my
late missionary tour. Fi iding myself
in the neighbourhood of the Missiona
ry station at upper Sandusky, I turned
in to see them. The superintendent
!iev. Mr. Thompson, received me
kindly. Here is a great farm—a
good barn—a neat stone church—
mills on the river—a mission house—
a school, house—a house lor the black
sjnith, anil a house l'or the superin
tendent, with other convenient ouild
iugsr. The old military bloi k-house,
with its 56 port holes, portending tern
flpral death; and the missionary bouse,
within less than oue hundred yards,
promising eternal life; foj ni,a pleasing
•contrast—especially as the latter is
new and in good lepair,. and the for
mer old, and going fast to decay.—
1 went into the school, and saw 54
red boys and girls in different grades
ot learning—some spelling Ba-ker,
some reading the easy lessons, some
writing, others learning the power of
figures—in the common rules—the
rule of three—and it) practice.
Six tine boys read me a lesson in the
English Reader; they read with ease
—l2 girls read in the Testament.—
The superintendent encouraged me
that tile greater part of- them would
understand me in a plain religious ad
dress, iff would aiui at simplicity.—
1 took the portion just read by the
girls. It was Luke 11, 1 l3, which
furnished me a line occasion for shew
ing these dear children of the wilder
ness, the nature of prayer—the neces
sity of importunity in that duty, and
(he encouragement we have to engage
in it. Their open countenances and
interesting eyes, gave me the pleas
ure of knowing that they understood
and approved what they heard.
"I passed the evening agreeably
with the superintendent and his eco
nomical wife till ni.-e o'clock; when I
was surprised by a sudden and loud
blast of the trumpet. I learned that
it was the signal for family worship,
and that I must conduct the exe/cise.
I had found in the course of the even
ing that they had some of Dr. Watt's
hymns translated into Wyandot. As
we walked to the school room, 1 signi-
fied my wish 1o hear them sing in In
dian. It was but a few miuutes from
the blast of the trumpet till we were
all in our places. The roll was call-
ed. and Nancy Gray-eyes. Philip
Mud eater. &c. &c. answered to theii
names. Then a Chapter was read
and Mr. Thompson said, "we w
sing the hymn.
"When I can read my'title clear."
Sing in Indian—now, children, all
ting." They stood and a young
Christian Indian, called Clark, set
the tune. They generally sung.—
It was wild and romantic, and loud as
mill boys. But I occupied the room
of the unlearned. Then, after com-
mending ourselves to God in prayer,
we retired for the Next morn
ing, the trumpet blew at 6 o'clock,
and, after worship, I left tliem, say
ins; to myself, what liath God wrought
Yours respectfully,
A Discovery.—The Georgians,
having come into possession of the
Creek Indian lands lying within the
State, and finding a Utile more difficul
ty in securing the Cherokee lands
it has hecn all at o:ice discovered.
a large t'act of said lands was once the
property of the Creeks, nnd '■• now of
right' belongs to Georgia//" The
tract in question, ''embraces the best
part of the Cherokee lands in the
State;" and is sufficient "to make
three or four respectable Counties."
The evidence, to be sure, is wholly
ex-parte; but no matter, the testimony
of an Indian is good for nothing; and
indeed it is a positive injunction of
the statute, that "no Indian, and no
descendant of an Indian, not under
standing the English language [which
very few of them do,] shall be deem
ed a competent witness in any Court
of Justice created by the Constitu
tion and laws of the Slate."
Journal of Commerce.
Indian Outrage—On Thursday
morning last, Mr. William Weils, pro
prietor of the public house in Fort
Perry on the old federal road, was
murdered by three or four Indians of
the Creek Nation. We are informed
that the Indians became intoxicated
at his house, perceiving which, Mr.
Wells refused to gratify their wishes
by selling thenrmnre spirits. At this
they became aggravated, and some
difficulty ensued between them. To
protect himself, Mr. W. immediate
ly despatched his son after a gun, up
on whose return one of the Indians
snatched the gun from his hands, and
discharged the contents into the body
of Mr. Wells; who shortly after ex
pired. The son escaped after bein*
severely beaten.
Columbus Enquirer.
Dangerous passage.—The steam
boat Connecticut, left Newport a
bout 5 ( o'clock on Friday morning last,
with a light breeze from the eastward;
the water was remarkably smooth and
the day very pleasant until "about noon,
when a heavy snow storm commenced,
and the weather became so thick,
that it was impossible to see twice
the boats' length ahead—The storm
increased, and the wind blew a per
fect gale from the N. E. till 12 at
night, when it shifted to the N. Cap
tain Tomlin on (without knowing ex
actly the place where he was) having
found a good folding ground, about
lour o'clock in the afternoon, let go
three anchors which took fast, and
with managment, he soon brought them
to an equal bearing; but \Tould not
have been able to hold her, had she
not constantly been aided by the en
gine. The wind continued to blow
almost a hurricane until daylight, when
the captain discovered that he was
off Crane Neck—but with daylight
there was no abatement of the violence
of the pie, aad if the Connecticut had
APRIL I, 1829,
Owing to the indisposition of the "Editor,
we are unable to present our readers with
any editorial remarks in the present num
ber. .
From the New York Advertiser.
The English papers are greatly oc
cup.ed with -tlie affairs ol Ireland.
As'llie time approaches for the meet
ing ot Parliament, the feelings of
Catholics naturally become more ex
cited; and it is apparent that the
Catholic Question is intended to be
pressed with great zeal anu vigi ur up
on the consideration of the govern
.Nothing of much importance has
occurr. d between the Russians and
1 urks. Accounts through Hamburgh
represent the lormer as making prep
arations for a very active campaign:
900 pieces of cafinon, and 150,00u ir
regular Cossacks and other troops be
ing on the way to the Danube. The
emperor, it is said, will set out in
March to cammand the army in per
son. Gen. Diebitech remains at the
head of the Staff, and Count Witts
genstein will command the van of
the Emperor's army. Generals Roth,
Geisiner, and Rudiger, will have sep
arate corps to act on the flanks of the
main army, and the Duke of W'urtem
buig will command the reserve.
Ihe Russians had completed the
fortificntion of Varna, on the 23. Dec.
and it is to be much stronger
than while in the hands of the Turks.
1 he story of a ba.tle there was entirely
unfounded. The accounts received at
Odessa, Dec. 20, Irom the line of
cantonments was favorable. Bazard
zik, Pravadi, and other fortresses, are
said to be in a condition to withstand
a siege.
The Polish army is to be increased
by 10,000 men, and to keep garrison
at Pctersburgh during the next cam
TJiere are various reports about
diplomatic notes sent and to be sent
to the Porte, and of an ultimation
from the English Ambassadors-—all
this is discountenanced by one of the
papers before us, It is asserted that
the Divan is inclined to make conces
sions to Russia; but the Sultan re
mains as resolute as ever, and that
there is no probability of peace.
1 he Prussian Envoy Extraordinary
and anothtr ambassador made a vain
effort, in conjunction with the minis
ters of the Allied Powers. to induce
the Rcis Eflfendi to send a Commission
er to Poros to treat concerning the
pacfication of peace. He merely re
ferred to his previous answers. This
is stated under a Constantinople date
of December 18; in which it is men
tioned, that although the plenipoten
tiaries receive more regard than ever I
before, marks of favor and demon
strations of friendship are especially
lavished on Mr. Offley, the North A
merican Consul, who is to conclude
the' treaty of Commerce with the
Porte, from vhich it expects great ad
vantages. It is thought in Peru that
England may conceive some jealousy
on this subject.
There was the greatest bustle at
Arsonal of Constantinople; four ves
sels of war had been fitted out, and
they were expected to depart forth
with to the Dardenelles to raise the
blockade. A part of the second fleet
from Egypt with provisions had arriv
not been a remarkably sitrong built
vessel, she must certainly have found
ered or gone to pieces. Every fourth
or tilth sea heaved over her 'head
hogsheads of water, a great.portion of"
which, owing to the intense cold, be
came a mass of ice on the fore part
of the vessel. The pasSfengtjjfs, (about
60 in number) felt all the dreadful
sensations such a situation is likely to
inspire, & but for the firmness evinced
by the captain, many would have com
pletely desponded. Of the few who
ventured to remain any time on deck,
several were washed off their legs,
and one tremendious sea carried away
the star-board quarter boat. Until
sun down on Saturday the wind did
not in the least abate, and such was
the depth to which the anchors h:id
been driven, that it took the whole
ciew more than six hours to raise l
I them. Sufficient praise cannot be
given to the captain, pilot, and the
whole of the crew, for their indefati
gable exertions, during the whole time
the engineers r.ever left their, post, '
steam being kept up all the whilej
and the pilot had one »f his hands
badly frost bitten. Opposite the re
sidence of Mr. James D'Welf, jr. the
boat eucountered a body of ice, whick
they were two hours in passing.
The Connecticut arrived at New-.
York about six o'clock, on Sunday"
evening with only six sticks of wood,
left.—jy. r. Adv.
The following extraordinary cir*
:urastances, were communicated te
he Lditors of the Christian Advocate
md Journal, in a letter from Louis
alle Ky., by Mr. Wm. Gunn.
On Monday evening, Nov. 3, 1828,
was standing in the west room of 4
house of the Rev. W. Adams, in -
Shelby county, Ky., immediately be
ore tin; fire, pointing with my right
land towards the south east corner of
he room, when, suddenly, we were'
■"isited with a violent shock of light
ing. It first struck the top of thtf
"himney, and divided into several
>ti earns. It wrecked the chimney
tnd the whole gable end of the house,
□ne stream descended on one of tho
studs near the chimney, which was
literally torn into splinters. Another
l<-s ended the flue, and burst through
the inside wall nearly''opposite my
head. One of these streams struck-
Ihe upper point of my right hip, and
run down to iny font. The skirt of
my coat, on the right side, was torn
fff"at the waist, and rent into many
pieces. My pantaloons and drawers
were rent from top to bottom, the
sock and boot torn in piercs. and my
flesh burned from one hip round near
ly to the other, and all the way down
fo mv foot. Part of the same stream
struck my right elbow, run along the
inside of my arm, which was badly
turned, and passed off at the end of
my fingers. My coat sleeve, from
he elbow, was torn in pieces, and
brown into the corner of the room
ivhere I was pointing. Another stream,
it-urk my left thigh about half way
iown, run down the outside terdon, -
vinding round the calf of my leg
lown the inside ankle, where it enter
ed the flesh, and burst out in the bot
om of my heel, and blew a hole
hrough the heel of the boot as if
■nade by an ounce ball. This boot
vas also severely rent, and the fulf
repression of the heej, was left in the
loor as an evidence oF the violence of
he shock. I immediately fell to the
loor, fully sensible of what had be
nllen me. My wife and others of the
lamily run in inimedi tely. and found
ine enveloped in smoke and sulphur.
They were much alarmed, and knew
not what to do. I told them to.send
immediately for two physicians. whi< h.
lltey did. I then directed them to
pour cold water on me, and to let
blood. This was not done. Know
ing that the circulation was stopped in
my arm and lower extremities, I next
directed my wife to rub them with
camphor. This was done, which
soon restored the circulation, and
gave me much relief. I also direct-,
ed an application of spirits of tur
pentine to the burns, which soon took
out the fire. .Brother W, M Rey
nolds was with me in the room. He
was stunned by the shock, but sus
tained no material injury. My pock
et knife was so highly charged with
electric fluid that it will lift a large
steel thimble. This was accidental
ly discovered the next day. Brother
M'Reynolds' knife was also slightly
charged.—The steel works of my
watch, also, possess the power of at
traction. When 1 first, fell I appre
hended I was mortally wounded, but*

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