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CEEHWEE PHffISTX, AID INDIANS' ADVOCATE. E. BOUDINOTT, EDITOR PRINTED WEEKLY BY JNO. F. WHEELER, At $2 50 if paid in advance, $3 in six months, or $3 50 if paid at the end of the year. p' ' To * jscribers who can read only the Cherokee language the price will be $2,00 in advance, or $2,50 to be paid within the year. Every subscription will be considered as 'Continued unless subscribers give notice to the contrary before the commencement of a new year, and all arrearages paid. Any person procuring six subscribers, «n J becoming responsible for the payment, shall receive a seventh gratis. Advertisements will be inserted at seven ty -five cents per square for the first inser tion, and thirty-seven and a half cents for each continuance; longer ones in propor. lion. letters addressed to the Editor, post paid, will receive due attention. AGENTS FOR IHE CHEROKEfe PHCENIX. The following persons are authorized to Receive subscriptions and payments for thfe Cherokee Phoenix. Messrs. Peirce &. Williams, No. 20 Market St. Boston, Mass. George M. Tracy, Agent ofthe A. B. €. F. M, New York. Rev. A. D. Eddy. Canandaigua, N Y. Thomas Hastings, Utica, N. Y. Pollard & Converse, Richmond, Va. Rev. James Campbell, Beaufort, S. C William Moultrie Reid, Charleston, 9. C. Col. George Smith, Statesville, W. T. William M. Combs, Nashville Ten. Rev. Bennet Roberts—Powal Me. Mr. Thos. R. Gold, (an itinerant Gen tleman.) Jbhemiah Austil, Mobile Ala. Rev. Cyrus Kingsbury, Mayhew, Choc taw Nation. Capt, William Robertsos, Augusta, Georgia. RELraiotrs. ANECDOTES OF THE BIBLE At the request of the clergy, sev eral severe proclamations were is sued by King Henry VIII, against all who read, or kept by them, Tyndal's translation of the New Testament; so iliat a copy of this book found in the possession of any person was suf ficient to convict him of heresy, and subject him to the flames. In the early part of this King' reign, many suffered severely for their attachment to the Scriptures. The houses of those who Were suspected of heresy, as it was called, were searched for prohibited books. Children were suborned against their parents, and wives against their husbands. Many were imprisoned, and obliged to do penance, and many were burnt. "But the fervent zeal of those Christian days," says the good old Martyrolo gist, "seemed much superior to these our days and times, as manifestly may appear by their sitting up all night, in reading and hearing: also by then expenses and charges in buying of books in English: of whom, some gave five marks, some more, some less, for a book; and some gave a load of hay, for a few chapters of St. James or of St. Paul in English." "It was wonderful," says a valua ble writer, "to see with what joy this Book of God was received, not only among the learned sort, and those that were noted for lovers of the Re formation, but generally all England over, among all the vulgar and com mon people; aad with what greediness God's words was read, and what re sort to places where the reading of it was. Every body that cduld, bought the book, or busily read it, or jot others to read it to them, if they PRINTED UNDER THE PATRONAGE, AND FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE CHEROKEE NATION, ANiB DEVOTED TO THE CAUSE OF INDIANS could not themselves; and divers more elderly people learned to read on pur pose, and even little boys flocked a rnong the rest to hear portions of the noly Scriptures read. One William Maldon mentions, that "when the King had allowed the Bi ble to be set forth to be read in the churches, immediately several poor men in the town of Chelmsford, in Essex, where his father lived, and he was born, bought the New Testament, and 011 Sundays sat reading it in the lower end of the church. Many would flock about them to bear their reading; and he among the rest, be ing then but fifteen years old, came every Sunday to hear the glad and sweet tidings of the Gospel. But his lather observing it once, angrily fetch ed him away, and would have him say the Latin Matins with him, which grieved him much. And as he re turned at other times to hear the Scriptures read, his father still would letch him away. This put him upon the thought of learning to read Eng lish, that he might read the New Tes tament himself, which when he had by diligence effected, he and his lather s apprentice bought a New Testament joining their stocks togeth er; and, to conceal it, laid it under the bedstraw, and read it at conven ient times," There wei*e also many in (he lower walks of life, whose names are re corded on high as having glorified God by their death. Am nig these the name of Joan Waste, a poor wo man, deserves never to be forgotten. Though blind from her birth, she IfiarnL'd, at an early aga, to knit stnek-, ings and sleeves, and to assist her' father in his business of rope-making; and always discovered the utmost a versio* to idleness or sloth. After the death of her parents, she lived with her brother; and by daily atten dance at church, and hearing the di vine service read in the Vulgate tongue during the reign of King Ed ward, became deeply impressed with religious principles. This rendered her desirous of possessing the word of Uod, so that at length, having by her lab.»r earned and saved as much money as would purchase a New Testament, she procured one, and, as she ceuld net read it herself, got others to read it to her, especially an old man, seventy years of age, a prisoner for debt in the common jail at Derby, and the clerk of the parish, who read a chapter to her almost every day. She would also sometimes give a pen ny or two (as she could spare) to those who would not read to her without pay. By these means she be came well acquainted with the New Testament, and could repeat many chapters without book; and daily in creasing in sacred knowledge exhibit ed its influence in her life, till she was about twenty-two years of age, when she was condemned for not believing the doctrine of Transubstantiation, and burnt at Derby, August Ist, 1556. Townley. A MOMENTOUS CHANGE IN PROGRESS To whatever part of the world we turn our attention, the results of a mighty movement in society are seen, and a brightening prospect presents itself. One remarkable feature of the political aspect of the times, is this; that during the lust twenty years, depopulation and the dismemberment of empire have been reducing the strength and contracting the dominion of every Mohammedan, and every Romish power throughout the world; while the only States that have mate rially added to their strength and pop ulation, are Great Britain, Russia and America. To estimate the import ance of this striking fact, in its bear ing upon the prospects of the human race, we must connect it with anoth er. Taking the total population of the globe in round numbers at 1,000,- 000,000, it has been estimated, that -he proportion of nominal Christians NEW ECHOTA, WEDNESDAY APRIL, 15,1829. does not exceed a fifth, while the pro fessors of the Mohammedan faith are computed at 140,000,000, and the Pa gan nations at about 657,000,000. — This view of the subject is melanchol y and almost overwhelming; but there is another calculation which somewhat relieves the darkness of the picture. Although those who bear the Christian nn me a mount to no more than 200,000,- 000 the population subject to Christian Government now amounts to very nearly twice that number; and above half of them are under the dominion of Protestant States. The numbers subject to Mohammedan Governments, it is more difficult to ascertain: they may amount to between 90 and 100,- 000,000, leaving not much above 500,- 000.000 for the Boodhic and other heathen governments. The following table will give a general idea of the political distribution of the existing population of the world. Protestant States Great Britain 150,000,000 U. States of America Prussia Sweden, Neth- > 29 oqq 000 erlands,&c. &c. $ Russia Roman Catholic States Mohammedan States Chinese Empire, Japan, and Indo- ) £7O qqo 000 Chinese States $ ' ' Other Heathens, say 200,000,000 This view of the subject will ap pear still more deserving of attention, if we advert to the very different dis tribution of political po>ver which ex isted not a century ago. Great Brit ain, at that period, could not we ap prehend, with all her colonies, have numbered much above z0,000,000 of subjects. The population of Russia was under 30,000,000. And the to tal subject to Christian Governments probably did not exceed 200,000,000. The Grand Seignior, the Sophy, and the Great Mogul, then ranked among the most potent arbiters of the desti nies of the human race. India, and indeed all Asia, with the insignificant exception of a few maratime settle ments, were under Mohammedan or Pagan sway. The Portuguese had long monopolized the commerce ol the East; they had established them selves on both the Eastern and Wes tern coast of Africa, and shared with Spain the Southern portion of the new world. The commerce of the Medi terranean was in the hands of the French, and they had their full share of the colonial trade. Finally, all the religious missions in existence were in connexion with the Romish Church, and supported by Popish States. The inquisition had its colonial tribunals at Goa, and Mexico, and Bogota. And the only religion that was not dissem inating itself, and was not gaining ground, was—the Protestant. RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS OF I have consulted with some of the oldest and the most respectable men of the nation concerning their tradi tions, and find but little that will prob ably be interesting. Their traditions respecting the divine character, and beings either good or evil, are so much mingled with fable, and partake so largely of the spirit of the marvellous, as to become disgustingly tedious. It is easy, however, to trace the influence of the Roman Catholic church upon the religious creed of the Indians: as it is well known - that the Cathol ics have, during the two last centuries, exerted themselves considerably to convert the six nations to their faith. The uninstructed Indian's idea of hell is purgatory outright. On this ac count, it is the more difficult to ascer tain with precision what ideas in their religious opinions, are purely Indian. The ages of the old men who were consulted, all respectable chiefs, arc severally, 81, G4, 57, and 55, These 11,000,000 Total INDIANS. From the Missionary Herald* THE SENECAS. COMMUNICATED BY MR. HARRIS. men state that tne first attempt, tliey ever recollect to have been made, to teach their people the Gospel of Christ, was a fruitless effort by the Rev. Samuel Kirkland, about 65, or 70 years ago.* He remained with them at their village, (now Geneva,) near two years; had begun to excite some attention among the Indians, aud had opened a school for the instruc tion ef their children, when the per son with whom Mr. Kirkland lived, of whose hospitality he had always faith fully shared, suddenly fell down dead. The superstition of the Indians was such at that time, as to lead them to uc.TWJiit of this man s death, on the supposition, that it was a judgment of Heaven on the person for harboi ing some wicked person; and they soon af ter passed a resolve that he, Mr. K., be ekpelled the village. He was after wards accepted by the Oneidas.— This was about the first of their inter course with the whites, as nearly as they can recollect. Another attempt was made for their spiritual benefit, at Tuscaroro, about SO years ago, by Rev. Mr. Holmes, a Baptist minister, in the employ of the New York Mis sionary Society. His offer to instruct them in the Christian religion was ac cepted by the three leading chiefs, and the frame of a house was erected, at their expense, for his accommoda tion. But the young warriors were so determined in their opposition, that it was necessary to dismiss him. The attempt that proved m st suc cessful in doing away their prejudices, was made by Mr. Hyde, who come to them in the capacity of a teacher.*— 190.000,000 60,000.000 135,000,000 885,000,000 90,000,000 945,000,000 lim, they refused. By means of these several cttempts, their attention was gradually called to the importance of the gion. Before this, they regarded God as no other than a man; a person of similar appearance and disposition to themselves. They supposed him good looking, and always naked, well painted, having pieces of dog skin a round each leg and each arm, and blankets of dog skin Around his shoul ders. This being they were in the habit of invoking twice a year: once early in the fall, and again in the lat ter part of the winter. At the sea son, the great yearly sacrifice of the white dog was made. This sacrifice was attended with great form ceremony. The peo ple were previously strictly enjoined to prepare themselves for the ap proaching solemnities. The young ro bust hunters were taxed a deer a piece, for the necessary supply of pro visions, during the continuance of the feasts; and contributions were expect ed from different quarters. Three councils must be held to make inquiry if all things were ready. At the third sitting, a day was appointed when the solemnities should begin. One per son was always sent through the vil lage to give notice of the determina tion, by saying, "To-morrow, at such an hour, on the firing of a salute, you must expect our uncles to appear:" meaning two select men, whose busi ness it was to go round from house to house, in the dead of night, dressed in complete suits of black bear skin, vvit'j wreathsof braidered corn-husks around their heads and .tncles, and a corn-pounder in their hand. Ap proaching a house they would always thump against the door, sometimes ex claiming as they entered, "Now ex pect to see the big heads:" meaning that great respect must be shown to persons whose office is pre-eminently sacred. They would? then' c :ter the lodge, goto the further extremity of it, thumping on the floor, as they went: and'on returning, one would begin, in a ceremonious manner, to draw a stick across the ashes, while the oth er would converse in a very solemn tone on the nature and importance of paying due attention to their religious rites. They would then retife. This ceremony would be again repeated the next night, for the purpose of a- VOiL. 11.--AO. e. | rousing the people to a sense 01 thei 1 obligations to attend on the worship of their god On this second visit, the people were reminded to remem ber all their dreams, which Ihey would be at liberty to propose at the first general meeting, with a vieu to let the conjurors who chose, guess them out, in some such manner as Samson put iorth his riddle to the men of Timnath. The fortunate dis coverers, (il any were sufficiently ex pert, and if not* the chiefs.) were o bliged to furnish the dreamer with something that would correspond to the nature of the dream: for instance* if any person was favored w i-tli an in teresting dream respecting a canoe, or gun, or bow and arrow, some inn* tation of thsse things must be made and presented to the individual, who ever regarded it as one of the must sacred of things, as a guide in all ii;s wanderings on earth, and a passport even to the heavenly paradise. On the third day, these heralds, perfectly naked and well painted, would repeat essentially the same ceremony, with increasing earnestnesr and zeal; would take up in a kind of scoop or shovel, part of the ashes, and scatter it round the room, sayings "This we do out of regard to god, who is our son." They would then be followed by others, men and women, performing the snme ceremony, going from house to house, doing the same thing, and repeating the same wor. s. The next day, six of the best men ii't the village would be sent round to state to the people, that they had come to visit them in company with god himself; who they pretend eJ made one of their number, "lour son," they would say with great still ness and solemnity, "has come to vis it you." After this ceremony had been per form; d, the next thing was to attend on the great annual sacrifice of the white dog. The dog on being stran gled, was highly painted and adorned with ribbons, and suspended to a post previously prepared. The officiating priest, at the proper time, would ad vance, take down the dog, lay it on the pile of wood already in flames, and throw upon the consuming victim a handful or two of Indian tobacco.—- After this, the priest would begi- to pray as follows:—"Here, our son, is a present for you, from your parens: we present you jvith this dog, of the' skm of which you can make garments for yourself: we also present you With little tobacco—a very little:—- we pray that you will accept it. rs coining from your faithful and lovirg parents. Have mercy on us, and send us all those things that are ne cessary for our comfort and happi ness," &c. This is the only time, the Indians spy, in which they ever pre tended to pray: but the priest actual ly prayed in this manner, and the peo ple listened with the most profound attention. After this ceremony Was concluded; the people, old and young, would lie gin to dance; while some peison would sing. Usually, ' when the dancing commenced, the most unbounded rev elry commenced. And as they were conducted chiefly in the night, veiy great licentiousness was practised; although every thing of the kind was strictly forbidden by the officiating prielt. It was generally expected that, nt these seasons, husbands ard wives would be parted from each oth er, and deeds of darkness, and crimes of high order be committed with sup posed impunity. These Indians never had any idea of being called to any future account, whatever their conduct might be if they properly these so lemnities, which they believed thi-ii god had prescribed. They believed, indeed, that persons notoriously wick ed and base in their dispositions ai d habits, could not expect to go direct'y to the heavenly paradise; but would be compelled to take a road must lead to the residence of Nis-hi-fc-'