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CHESIOKEE PIMESIX, AN&INDIANS* ADVOCATE.
- ► PRINTED UNDEIi THE AND FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE CHEROKEE NATION, AND DEVOTED TO THE- CAUSE OF INDIANS. I, J. CUDINOTT, i bi'ICXi. VOL. 11. priSted weekly by • « JOHN P. WHEELER, At S2 50 if pai'l in advance, $3 in six month-, or 33 50 if-'paM at the end of -the year. To subscribers who can rea l oaly the Ch i o';ee language the„price wfll be -2,00 in advance, or $2,50 to be paid within the year. . Every subscription will be considered a ? Continued unless Subscribers give notice to th i contrary before the commen'cement of a new year,and all arrearages paid. V if 'parson procuring six subscribers, jln I b > zoning responsible for the payment, fchall receive a seventh gratis. Advertisements will be inserted at seven ty-live eer:t-i per square for the first inser tion, an 1 thirty-seven and a half cents for each continuance; longer ones in propor tion. All letters addressed to the Editor, post paid, will receive due attention. AGENTS FOR 1 PIE CHEROKEE PHOENIX. The following persons are authorized to receive subscriptions and payments for the Cherokee Phienix. Messrs. Peirce &. Williams, No. 20 Market St. Boston, Mass. G*sorKSE M. Tract, Agent of the A. B. C. P. M". New York. Rev. A. D. Eddy, Canandaigua, N. Y. Thomas Hastings, Lftica, N.'Y. Pollard & Converse, Richmond, Va. Rev. J-AMF.S Camfi?ell, Beaufort, S. C. Wtllum Mo»ltrie Reid, Charleston) s. c. Col. George Smith, Statesville, \V. T. William M. Combs, Nashville, Ten. Rev. Bennet Robep.ts, Powal Me. Mr. Tiios. R. Gold, itinerant Gen tleman.) Jeremiah Austil, Mobile, Ala. Rev. Cyr"us Kingsbury, Mayhew, Choc taw Nation. Capt. William Robertson, Augusta, Georgia. Col, James Torkj B'ellfonte, Ala. INTEMPERANCE. An Address on Ardent Spirit, read be fore the New Hampshire Medical Socie ty, at their annual Meeting, June, 5, J3-27. " By R. D. Mussey M. D., at that time President of the Society, and Professor of Anatomy and Surgery, in Dartmouth College. (Concluded.) ' If ardent spirit be necessary to health and activity, how did the world get along willrout ft for forty -eight hundred years? How could the Ro man soldiery withstand the frightful onsets of Hannibal, with "nothing to dfink, stronger than vinegar.-and wa • ter? Take a soldier of the present day, clothe him with ..heavy Roman armour, and give .higi the piluni" and ahort §\vord, weapons, Q'hieh, it has teen said, 'conquered the world; and jt will soon appear what we have derived from alkohol. The modern Achilles -cripph s under his load, unable tß.raise from the ground the instrument with "which he is to meet his foe. "6i.it alkohol is certainly useful as a medicine, and it may be resorted to as an antidote to infections." If it be ft good medicine, let it be used on-, ly as a medicine. What has a healthy man'to do with medicine? Let it be kept only on the shelvt-s of the apothe cary*'* But how does it appear that spirit affords security undter exposure ■ to contagion? The hiftoiy* of certain epidemics will show", that they de stroy a larger proportion of tipplers, than of those who are temperate. Tu'o physician? of my acquaintance were callqd to practise in the same epidemick scarlet One drank spirit freely, the other tr.t all; they Were equally exposed- to . e coii'a _gion, and both took tbfe djseast. The Ntew ECIIOTA, WEDNESDAY JI LY }, 1829, drinker died. 1 lie other recovered. Ifj you fire exposed to the infectious air of sick rooms, take plaju nourishing food at regular intervals, and uasthnu lating drinks. t>ut if useless as a preventive, is not alkohol important m the treatment of disease?" I admit that it is some times convenient, but 1 deny that it is essential to the practice 01 physic Or surgery. Do we wish to rekindle the taper of life as it- glimmers in a fainting tit, we have ammonia-and the volatile oils, and what- is better than every thing else, cold water, to be .administered by affusion. Is it re quired to produce a tonick effect in a case of long standing debility, the to nick roots, and oarks, and uo<*]3, im part t'heir invigorating properties to water or acid. *Are we called upon to relieve pain, opium is altogether superior to alkohol. Do we need a solve.it fur opium, we have it in the acetous p,cid. The black drop is one of the best solutions of opium ever in vented. "But what is to be done with the medicinal resins and aroinatiek oils, must not they be dissolved in albohol?" The medicinal regiiis do not consti tute a very important class of reme dies, but they may be giv&n in fine powder, rubbed with some inert, fria ble substance, or dissolved in an es sential oil, or made into an emulsion. The ordinary mode of using them does not carry them into the stomach in the stale of solution, as they are instant ly precipitated in a flocculeut form on being thrown into water. As for the aromatick oils, they may be given in the form of liquid soap, or emulsion rubbed with alkali, or sugar and water,.and" in this way they exert their specifick tweets. Is the physician required to pre scribe a -restorative; if quinine and bark, and bitters, and metallick to nics will not do, shall he prescribe alkohol? This is never certain and always unsafe, inasmuch as there is imminent danger of a permanent rel- • ish being acquired for it; nor .does it .compare, in its restorative powers, in cases' where the complaint was not* produced or modified by the previous use of it, with the pure fermented and well preserved juices of the grape and the apple. The factitious wines ex tensively vended in our country, are poor restoratives; they contain, a large proportion of alkohol. I maintain then, that, taking into view the danger of making tipplers by giving ardent spirit to the sick, and considering that all its medicinal vir tues are found in other articles, man kind would not on the whole be losers, if it should be banished not Only from the houses of every class of the com munity, but also the shops of apotheeary. There can be ' little doubt of "the correctness of the prevailing opinion, that the consumption of arde'ut spirit thas been, for a few years past, an alarmingly,increasing evil in our coim ry.. • * By the marshal's returns in 1810, it appeared that no less than thirty : tftrce millions three, hundred sixty five thousand Ike hundred and twenty nine gallons of spirit were distilled and imported, for a single year's con sumption in the United States; and there is little doubt that this estimate is far short of the truth, as there is, probably, every' year, a considerate quantity smuggled Into the country, of which of course no account is given.' If from that time., the consumption of ardent spirit has only kept pace with the.population, it will amount to fifty six millions of gallons;.but from the increase in the consumption, says a distinguished gentleman of our state, in aft* elaborate calculation, from which the following results arc taken, 'vvp may safelv sef it down at sixty millions'. This trill give to every in dividual. man worffan and child. inclu din? bcu d and free, five pallors each. •Deducting the slaves and children un- der ten years of age, it will give to tlie rest not less than eight gallons each.'. Is this result impossible? must there be" an error in the calcu lation? The common seamen of our navy are allowed a daily ration of half a pint of spirit each. This is a bout twenty three gallons a year, and when ii is considered that hundreds of thousands of our citizens drink twice, thrice or even four times this quantity, the foregoing result will not appear improbable. 'Sixty millions of gallons, taking into the estimate, the quantity of home distilled spirits disguised and i sold for foreign liquors, the free dilu | tion of home arid imported liquors be fore they reach the consumer, apt! the large retailed in small quantities at a price greatly in ad vance of the primary cost-, may be fairly reckoned at about one dollar the gallon; but ;to be within bounds place it at fifty million dollars, if to the actual cost of ardent spirits, we add the loss of time, the waste of property, various ' expenses of sick ness and law suits occasioned by their use, and the'amount expended in the support of paupers reduced to in digence'by intemperance, to what an enormous sum will the whole amount? One hundred millions of dollars i 3 probably far short of the truth.' Let half this sum be annually levied upon the people in the form of a direct tax, and insurrection and revolt would ap pear in every part of oifr country. From calculations made by the gentleman before alluded to, in ivhich I have great, confidence, but which are lot#-long to be admitted here, it ap pears 111 the "highest degree probable, that from twenty thousand to thirty thousand persons in the United Stateg» arfe annually brought to a premature death through the influence of ardent spirit. Place the number at twenty five tho'uSand. One hundred millions of dollars, di vided among the different states* ac cording to their population, would give to New-Hampshire, about two millions fire hundred thousand dollars. Apply this sum to the support of gov ernment, of the clergy, and of schools? improve the means of education by the establishment of any reasonable number of high schools, and the most extensive endowment of the college; make a hundred new public? roads: cut canals, and build railways in eve ry useful direction; smooth down the rugged features of the state, bjyPv ing the most liberal encouragenfttots to agriculture; build up manufactur ing establishments; cherish the useful and the fine arts by large-premiums and salaries; a hospital in each Country, and distribute Unheard of i sums among the numerous and cbarit- i able objects of the day; send a' huff- ■ dred missionaries to -India, and as i many to our western wilderness; and \ in ten years our treasury would gi;oan , under the burden of unappropriated ; monies. / j i Twenty-five thousand lives in our j country in -one year! This number | , multiplied by the time wliich has elaps- ! ed.since the last peace-with Great B; it-; i ain, will give three hundred thou- j ; sand, a larger, 'number than met in | ] 181 2, on the bloody plains spread out j , before the ancient city of the Ci.ar3. i Apply this calculatidn to the popula tion of Europe, and you have three ; ] hundred and seyenty-five thousand 'an-1 , nualfy/or four millions one hundred i , and twenty-five thousand in eleven years, the time since Hie pepee in ; 1816; a number nearly equal to that | swallowed up by that v.ortex ofhu- ■ man life, the French revolution, and its consequent wars. i How can any (bing be dojic effectu ally- to cheek this drighlv evil? I give tbe same answer to this question which has repeatedly been clven within the Inst few months; change public make if unpo])iilrflr, un- spii:it. What is the use of afiplfin* to* Gove mm out for :o a-ta'x upon ardent spiiit so large as t( re place it beyond the reach of the low «? »r classes in the community? Leg i- islative enactments which far outrun ir public opinion, are worth nothing. ,f Fashion, and custom, hold men with a t- stronger arm than Legislative pre £] scription. But how change public s opinion; is it not already an over ly whelming torrent rolling Onward with s resistless and increasing power? Man I can accomplish wonders bothjn the physical and moral world; he dares r even meditate a canal across tlie f .isthmus of Darien, expecting to low ] er the waters in the gulf of Mexico, . and perhaps (a stop the g»!f streairy . and who that recollects the mighty ; moral achievements accomplished in | the time of the reformation by the ef . forts of a single man, shall despond at . the vastness of the change now con . templated. ; Let all good men, all well wishers ' to social life and family quiet; "to health, industry and the arts; to re • ligion, morals and good government, unite their efforts; and by all possible means, but chiefly by their example", in rigidly abstaining from ardent Spir it, discourage and discountenance its use, among all within the sphere of their influence.' ' '1 know, says some worthy man, 'that the evil of spiiit drinking is a great one, and I- heartily wish we were rid of it; but I have been in the habit of taking it occasionally for some years,.and I find it at times par ticularly comfortable to me; and as I am in no'danger - of becoming intem perate, must I give it Op only for the benefit of others?' You take it fre quently and are fond of it? are you then in no danger? Unconsciousness of danger is no proof of security There may be Some reason for your leaving it off on your own account, but if not, have yoil not so much regard for your family and the community as to submit to a slight temporary in convenience on their account? Why talk one way and act the other? Your influence is on.*the side of con duct, not merely of words. What would be said of the physician who should refuse to submit to the "pro cesses of cleansing necessafy to rid his clothes of the infection of .small pox, because it would cost hiiji a lit-, tie time or trouble or other inconven ience; while by thus disregarding'the regulations instituted lor the preser vation of the public health/ he would expose his.family and his neighbours to the pestilence; amLAhose sons are more liable to becoirie*!rinkcrs of ar dent spirit than the sons of hina who sets them the example? . But tiie glorious work of "reform has < been commenced, and Is now in ra pid progress. Within the last half year, societies for the promotion of this object have sprung into existence,- tike flowers upon the bosom of inritjg,- iifter a long and cold winter; may an abundance of rtuit follow these vigor-' ous forth puttings of moral effort. I repeat it,, let- al.l virtuous men unite Jo ' expel the common enemy. He ought not to be allowed a place in Christian society. He is a foreigner, a Mahometan, he was born in the , land of robbers, and he has establish ed the genuineness of his origin by the millions he has deprived of pro perty, cf morals, and of life. He has come to us in the robe of friend ship, assured ns of his bes't re gards, has-proffered his aid and so lace in sickness, pain and poverty. Such a friend, *vho could reject? He has been received into general fa vour, and admitted to christian con fidence and companionship, and what reward has he taken for his- kind of fices? He has-stolen away charac ter, health, property, the rich blcss ■ iiTgs and endearments of society and domestic intercourse, the moral sense, life, and the hope of heaven. Gird up then to the combat. Al vfnvs meet him -as an enemy.; never again admit him to your bosoinS; give * «> him no quarter; €xpel him from your houses; drive him from the land. A 1 ways treat him as a murderer; lie has slain your brothers, he lurks for the lile blood of your children, he whets his sabre for you. Fanner, Mechanic,- Professional man, Orator, hast thou -sought front ardent spirit strength to labour, or iiK genuity or promptness in thy callings or elqquence in .the hall of legiskK tion 04- justice; it vvilj palsy tluft# arm, cause thy light hand to .forgei its cunning, and thy tongue to cleave to thy mout(i. Christian', what hast thou to expeci from strong diink? art tlvou i\earff and (lost thou linger on thine upward 1 ' jouincy; and will ardent spirit thee sooner or safer to thine home? l)ost thou wait in the hast thou been seperated to stand be-* fore the congregation; and when thy' graces languish, when thy devotiotf burns feebly and foiiilly, dost thou is* ■ kindle it with alkohol? Ah! comer not near; bring no more this strange fire to the altar, lest, from its secret and holy*lwelling, a fiamp break forlfr upon thee, and thou, be and the-people with thee. • INDIANS^ From the Newark (N. J.) Eagle. The Indians.—A Correspondent c* the Georgia Journal, Wiley Thornr; son, lias given to the public the suih stance.of a conversation he had with' President Jackson soon after his iri" angulation, on the subject of' the IrK diaus in Georgia. .He Stated t'o the! ..' President th;it Georgia hud look en with great anxiety to the political change which had placed him iji tlt,M> •• federal Executive chair, miilcriVliC 'confident hope and exp^®4at.ipii she,would at last have justtee. tended to her; and he was anxious".!&■ have it in his power to inform tl,«< people of Georgia^,hen lie arrived at home, what cource would bo pursued in reference to this subject. Th;j President promptly and with appar* en! pleasure gave him every rs.sur ance that the expeciations of Geor J ■ gia Would be realized: He had %i» ready addressed a talk tp the Creek .Indians, urging them to emigrate west of the Mississippi, by argumeuts drawn from (he impracticability ol their remaining a separate pe'ople,' within the limits ofa sovereign Slate, and a proper view of their best inter ests in reference to their future wet*. r , fare. He had also told the Cliero- . i kee delegation, when they called on Mm, that the. United Sia'tes had em. tered into a contract with Georgia, ■' by which they solern 'y promised to extinguish for her use "the Indian titl<2 • ■to all territory within her limits: (No notice was taken trf the : ftiportant (jflalifying clause, "as soon (is if can l e clonk peaceably and on fair terms:") He tojd the Cberokees that the claims of Georgia had been too lona postponed: fJifct she would''make arrt effort to force justice; that she pos sessed a r'iglj fwlftn and how did she' ib'fa'in it?) to extend her municipal jurisdiction over them, and'to subject "them to the control of such rules of action as she might think proper to prescribe io them, provided the? be not violative of constitution of the United States; and that the General Government could not ; constitutional-' ly protect them against her exercise of that light; that Georgia was ifrita-' , ted by delay and frequeni disappoint ment, and also by the' recent attempt of the Cherokees to adopt a constitu tion and erect a seperate government* which they could not be permitted tc do; he repeated to them what be had told them in 1817, that thev mhht eirugiate .to the country west of the Mississippi, which they and theii' ■children.should possess forever, ami^, enjoy the friendship protection o> the United S(»*es Government, but 1. they lcmaiuetj in Georgia, tbeyttiu-' NO. 13.