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vwexhx* ASPijtpiaj apyocate.
vol-. 11. PRINTED WEEKLY BY JOHN F. WHEELER, At $2 50 if "paid in advance, $3 in six iiionths, or $3 50 if paid at the end of the year. To subscribers who can read only the Cherokee langjage the price will b/$2,00 in a lvance, or $2,50 to be paid within the year. Every subscription will be considered as ♦ontinvied unless subscribers give notice to the cantrary before the commencement of a new year,and all arrearages paid. „ Any person procuring six subscribers, and becoming responsible for the payment, sba'l receive a seventh gratis. Advertisements will be inserted at seven ty-five cents per square for the first inser tion, an'' thirty-seven and a half cents for each continuance; longer oiles in propor tion. icy All letters addressed to the Editor, post paid, will receive due attention. AGENTS FOR 'I HE CHEROKEE PHCENIX. The following persons are authorized to receive subscriptions and payments for the Cherokee Phuenix. Messrs. Pbirce &. Williams, No. 20 Market St. Boston, Mass. George M. Tracy, Agent ofthe A. B. C. F. M. New York. .Rev. A. V). Eddy, Canandaigua, N. Y. Thomas Hastings, Utica, N. Y. Pot.lard & Converse, Richmond, Va. Rev. J-ames Campbell, Beaufort, S. C. William MoCltrie Reid, Charleston, 5. C. Col. GEour.r. Smith, Statesville, W. T. Willum M. Combs, Nashville, Ten. Rev. Bennet Roberts, Powal Me. Mr. Thos. R. Gold, (an itinerant Gen tleman.) tleman.) Jeremiah Acsttl, Mobil-, Ala. Rev. Cyfftis Kingsbury, Mavhew, Choc taw Nation. taw .Nation. Capt. William Robertson, Aiigu-ta, Georgia. Col. James Turk, Bfllfonte, Ala lNTSMP23Fi.ilNGE CONFESSIONS OF A PRISONER. The following confessions, of a prisoner in one of our State peniten tiaries, present some interesting facts in relation to the insidious progress of the vi e of intemperance; and the power of a vicious habit against the remonstrances of reason and con science. They are contained iu a com. muiiication addressed soree Months since, to the General A«~ en t of the American Temrr 0 rnnce Society. The unhappy a-'Vhor discloses his own his tory vv;th much apparent faithfulness. In '.'lie course of a private note, he frankly remarks, "certainly I do not %vrite now for fame, and have endea voured to dwell more briefly upon the 'favourable than the unfavourable parts spfrny unhappy story." Jour. of Humanity. Sir, —I address you from the solita ry cell of a penitentiary prison. The specific crime alleged against me is forgery; but the cause of my present condition, and of all the calamities which have attended my devious career of life, is the inebriating bowl. Nearly four years have passed since I entered these drearv walls, and more than three others remain for me to spend here? An offended God in wrath remembered mercy. The morning bitters, the drams of the day or of the night, have not reached me. Eyes that were once inflamed have acquired their native clearness; trem bling limbs have resumed their wont ed functions; internal fevers and burn ings, are quenched. Ruined, de graded, and wretched as mv condition iuav seem, it is very possible, that when the sealed book shall be opened, PRINTED UNDER THE PATRONAGE, AND FOR THE RENEFIT OF THE CHEROKEE NATION, AND DEVOTED TO '1 written upon the walls of the city,and find its way to every tap-room iii the nation. I find myself surrounded with more than fire hundred beings, in the same condition with myself. The at mosphere I breathe is agitated with sighs and groans; and my individual calamity seems lost in the Wretched ness that surrounds mil. Where shall we look for the source of all this misery? Let the keeper's docket tell. Theft, forgery, burglary, bes tiality,, rape, murder; every species of crime, at the name of which the soul recoils, appears in the. black catalogue. These are specific ac- the law can lix its hold. But the vice which leads to every other, eludes the grasp of the law. Inflamed eyes, bloated visage, pal sied limbs, sickness, poverty, or even death, are not the things which give to this vice its most appalling aspect It unnerves the soul more fearfully than it does the body. It gradually destroys the moral sensibilities of the heartland rouses (ne violent passions of our depraved nature. It mars the soft and .rpfinei emotions of the soul, like the hideous trail of the serpent ovsr tfyg brightest blossoms of Eden. If the pillow be sometimes the place of serious thought, the libation of the morning obliterates th'e salutary les son. One draught calls for a second, the second still more louldly for the third, another for another, until every other sentiment and feeling is lost in the insatiable cry—"give, give." Such was once my condition. I saw indeed that destruction was before me, and still approached, with accelerated pace, the horrid gulf. When a child, ! I once saw a bird charmed by the sparkling eyes of a serpent, and ap proaching near the reptile which lurk- Ed for its destruction. When, from pity, I destroyed the enchanter, and set the fluttering captive free, hew little did I think that I should ever be enchanted—that the frightful pit of perdition should yawn before me, and yet that I should voluntarily rush with open eyes, toward the abyss. An overruling Providence interposed, and my career of vice was arrested by the arm of civil authority. The destiny wbich denied me the accustomed stimulus, was, .at the first, inexpressibly painful; the separ ation from the bottle seemed like the separation of the "joints and marrow." An artificial and vitiated appetite had predominated over every other feel inj; overpowered the entreaties of friendship, the inductions' of reason, (lie monitions of conscience. No dis suasive from my vice ftas effectual, NEW E CIS OTA, WEDNESDAY will appear that with me the pris on was substituted for the tomb;— that while Intemperance was hurrying thousands to the gates of death, I was rescued 'as a brand from the burning.' If (he graves which intemperance, this prime minister of Death had peo pled, should "burSt their marble jaws," to raise a warning voice to the living, the church-yards would fear fully yawn, as by a mighty earth quake, and the united monitions of all that is loathsome, appalling or fear ful, would cry to the votaries of the cup, in more than human accents, Be toare! But though no spirit may rise from the tombs of the dead, "a warning vdice may come forth from the dun geons of the living. And whenever punishment, whether considered as the necessary sanction to human laws, or as the dispensation of an overruling Providence, —has produced its legiti mate effect; whenever the pride of the human heart is humbled under the mighty hand, of offended heaven, there will be no hesitation in stating the causes which led to infamy and ruin. While I could wish to spare the feeling of the connexions of my fami ly; for myself I should be willing that the story of one, whose earthly hopes intemperance had blasted, should be ons. uiion the perpetrators of which whether drawn from that which is lesirable in life, or from what is re xignant in the prospect of vagabond legradation and premature death.— rleaven had not sufficient charms tc 'llure me, nor Hell sufficient terrors o a tyrant who never said, enough, 3ut In imprisonment, the manacles vhich bound my body set my spirit ree. The unnatural cravings of (he t"mach gradually subsided with the iisuse of spirit. In the haunts of dissipation, the nind may be banished from itself: Hit in the cell of a prison, why can ivoid rtvolviii" in his mind the variety if causes which conspired to rivet his etters? Who will not inquire—At vhat period of life did I commence the construction of this gloomy abode? fVhen did I lay the first foundation? Jn what anvil did I forge the bolt: ibtain materials for the wall ? Througl vhat means dicl I provide and adap he various materials of the building intil, at length, I came forward wit! lie las ; key-stone to the arch? Wh' mi I doomed, like the ox, to toil fo inother? Was I not "born free a Caesar?', Why, then, have I "sol, nvself for nought?,' Alas! while •an trace the source of my presen vretchedness and ruin to the infatuat ng effects of ardent spirits, I am coi itrained to add that it has blasted th airest hopes. I entered upon the active scenes < ife, without friends, patrimony, o connexions, at the age of sixteen; and hough the four years immediately i irecceding were passed in active la- | )our, yet worlds ol literature and phil osophy were my companions in th< ield; and, at that early period, I an icipated a literary career. Whei )arental protection was removed, 1 exchanged the axe for the pen. My irst essays were published in an ob icure village paper, and I had the rratification of seeing them rcprinu d n poptilar journals. At seventeen' I emoved to one of our Atlantic cities, ivhero the editorial department of a Jaily paper was committed tempor arily to ray <-targe, during the sickness 1,1 iis pi"oj)i'ietoi. There, although an c-ntire stranger, and almost with out resources, 1 succeeded in acquir ing the friendship of some literary men. Perhaps they were willing to accept my homage to science, in the place of profound knowledge. The' friendship of such men was worth more than the patronage of the rich. It opened a wider sphere of action, and, at twenty three, having visited Euiope, I found myself the proprie tor of an ample fortune, exclusively the production of the pen. But be fore this period the seeds of destruc tion had been sown, and they now be gan to take root. Shortly after en tering the city of , I a'ttached my self to several clubs of wits, "free and easy" associations; but I soon found that a convivial evening dtew heavily upon the morning of the suc ceeding day. At length the morning bitter was called for, to chase away the ennui arising from the midnight debouch. This impaired the relish for breakfast. Coffee became insi pid—appetite for fotfd diminished. a rejoinder at eleven, and a surrejoin der at one. And it was not until 1 frequently found myself in a state of intoxication, and some of my friend* began to whisper, "this i 3 the road tc ruin," that I first suspected myself oi being reprehensibly infeniperate. J had completely entered the camp oi the ene.ny, before I discovered the presence of danger. Every effort tc retrace my steps proved vain; the only avenue of escape was barred as by a giant,—by burnings and cravings, insatiable as the grave. Every fit ol infeinpt -e operated upon iny con stitution .. ith more than ordinal) force; it led to distracting frenzy, aiu extravagant excesses. My friend; THE CAUSE OF INDIANS E. tCDDIRCTT, EBiTCfc. JULY 8, 1829. Sj Coil Id weep; and yet I wanted reso lution to dash the fatal poison Iron :l my lips. Unwilling lo blast every - prospect, in a ci y still dear to nty re" j collection, I removed to another, 1111 s der the vain hope that a change- oi I place might lead to a chaiige oi' hab i j F rom that period to the commence ment of my present imprisonment, in 1824, an interval of eleven years, I have floated over the surface of the world, without any settled purpose ot lilrf, and there is scarce a section, in two empires, in which I have no! temporarily resided. My rescources were .soon exhausted, and I found the tk-oessity of adopting some means for a livelihood. I have been the pre ceptor ol a school in fifteen different villages and neighbourhoods; have conducted the editorial department ol eight different newspapers, to three of which my name was attached; and have worked as a mechanical printer in thirty or forty different offices. But so completely had the desire of spirituous liquor acquired the ascen dancy, that the earnings of a month „• were not unfrequently squandered' in s a week; and it was never till my ( ] pockets were emptied, that I left the f tavern, or the grocery, in quest of t employment. But 311 empty purse . was the least of all the evils occa 1- sioned by this besetting end besotting s sin. The same stimulants which heated the blood, and iiiflnmcd the f animal spirits, overpowered reason; !> while the leet tottered, the arms , j trembled, and the tongue faltered, j t 'soul was in the wildest frenzv. . Three times I have been led to ex- 1 cesses whit h fell within the cogniz- < , j ance of.munit ipial law; and impris- i onment followed; twice fcr a few ; 1 days, and once for a little more than ( ! a year. a j 1 he details of n y unhappy course 1 would lill volume s. I will merely s mention two or three additional inci- c , dents. p | Oiiefflhe instant es of imprison- '' I mdnt which I have a I ready mentioned, ( ' I WflS at Salem, Washington County, 1 j N. Y., for a transactional Whitehall, s where 1 had been the actual though " not the ucmnial editor of the Whitehall Emporium. 1 left the prison penny less; and Stevenson. Secretary of the W ashington County Bible Society, and i one of the proprietors of the Salem | Post, received me into his office for " a few days, for the charitable pur pose of repairing my exhausted funds J At my departure he cautioned me j with much tenderness, to guard a- I gainst '-the sin wfiicli so easily beset me," and requested me to read the - Scriptures, pla>. ing at (he same time, a I copy of the New Testament in my hand. I did not leave Salein before my money was squandered at fhe tav l ern; and that f might indulge the sin j ful propensity to the utte; most, I sold the book, which was given me for a very different purpose, to an inn-keep er, and received the quid pro quo from the bar. I cannot but view this as the blackest action of itiy wicked life. I should do injustice to i.'yself, if 1 did not add, that the first moment of reflection, when the mad dening influence of ardent spirit sub sided, myj soul shuddered at the thought that 1 had been base enough to convert the generous feelings that would have reclaimed me, into the means of a further sinful indulgence; and'perhaps the purchaser, who was aware of all (he circumstances, was little less guilty (ban myself. Agaii destitute, I wandered as F could to Troy, where my necessities were supplied by a literary gentleman, res ident at that place. I entered the borough of Easion, Penn. at another time, on my way from New York to Harrisburg, at which latter place I had business, and where, some years before, I had con ducted the editorial department of a news-paper. I was a stranger ii> Easton, and Satan seemed whiiwr i might here graiily my luvoute : .opensity better than at a plate ■ here I had any character at stale. Having squandered the sm,ill funds i uien had, SSO, whioli were divided between the bar and the card table, i next di\ ested myself of every valu able article of apparel. Pennyless, a s ranger, and almost naked, ll>e stom ach • s still Unsatisfied, and to grat ify its incessant clamors, as a last re sort, I joined- a small recruiting |>; i ly, r n in the pla< e,_ps a private soldier, under the assumed ncihe qf from no higher principle tin n tl.it of converting the six dollars advance in to rum. We were shortly after treins ferred to Fort Niagara, wheie I re mained about a month. But the dis- » cipline oi'tlie rrii'p could not guard against the expedients by which I i on ioned to gratily this faial propensity; and. in a lit of intemperance, I was guilty of a violation of discipline, ren/ dered capital by the rules and articles ol war; tor which I was transferred, a prisoner, to Sacketts Habour, con. fined in the gnaid-ioom, and loaded with irons. Before a court maitiaj* convened, I contrived, though at the' hazard of instant dfrath, ts effect my escape. Overleaping the picket ts of the cantonment,-1 wandered throi :li woods and morasses for three days' without sustenance, in which 1 pro', gressed about forty miles, until at length I found a canoe at Alexander hay, with which I crossed to the I> ; . ish dominions." Heaven, which h.i-d ever loaded me with unmerited bless' nigs, still continued to be merciful. Although a stranger, and appealing under'the most unfavourable circum stances, I experienced, almost af the tirst house I entered, the kindness and affection of a brother, and the confi-f dence of a friend, from a mercantile gentleman whoste name was Jones, He was a Christian, and his house a little Sanctuary in which the love of God dwelt. He immediately sup. plied me with decent apparel,' fcr I had nothing but a soldier's AifigUd dress, and through his influence; in lesg' than a week, I was employed at re spectable wages, to take the charge of a school in tl.e neighbourhood, for three months. Here was the first in stauce in which a moral feeling over-' powered the strong propensity for the boitle. It was a christian neighbour- 1 h"°d, my immediate predecessor offi ciated at the sacred I saw that indulgence in intemperance woulcf result in a dismissal, which would place it out of my power to refund the advances of my generous benefac tor. This was a step I dared not take. I completed the contract, j with perfect sobriety, and comrnenc. Ed a new one at an salary, which was further augmented by su pernumerary scholars, s;.me of whom »ere studying I^tin and the higher branches of education. But my feet soon began fo stumble. I wept over the first fit of intemperance, after the abstinence of four or five month's; and with prayers and sighs implored the God of Heaven to save me from the 2tilf which Seemed to yawn before? me. IVjy case was communicated to ihe village clergyman, who opened bis doors for my reception, and treat* ed mejvith peculiar iieli< aey and ten derness. But all was in vain. I could not pass a tavern; and I could not drink one glass, without following the enchanting poison with another & another, till raving frenzy, or beastly ~~ mloxication cnsuod. I iiopjocfcd my school, and a dismissal followed. Collecting my earnings and discharg ing fn>' debts, I proceeded fo Mon." * real, genteelly habited, and with a'.' bout sixty dollars. Here, instead of entering into busw' siness, 1 passed the time in the low. est groceries with which that city ibounds, until I had expended every penny, and exchanged my- wardrobe for rags -v-One morning as I awoktf from a broken and painful sleep, after excessive intoxication, and faintly JtfOi A<£.