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CHEROKEE PH(EMX, A3~l>INDIANS' ABT©€1TE 4
PRINTED UNDER THE PATRONAGE, AND FOR THE BENEFJT VOL.. 11. PRINTED WEEKLY BY JOHN F. WHEELER, At $2 50 if paid in advance, $3" in sit month;, or $3 50 if paid at the end of the year. « To subscribers who can read only thr Cherokee language the price will be $2,00 in advance, or #2,50 to be paid within the year. Every subscription will be considered as continued unless subscribers give notice to the contrary before th« commencement of a fiew year,and all arrearages paid. Any person procuring six subscribers, ind becoming responsible for the payment, shall receive a seventh gratis. Advertisements will be inserted at seven ty-five cents per square for the first inser tion, am' thirty-seven and a half cents for each continuance-, longer ones in propor tion. IdPAll letters addressed to the Editor, post paid, will receive due attention. AGENTS FOR THE CHEROKEE PHCENIX, The following persons are authorized to receive subscriptions and payments lor the Cherokee Phcenix. Messrs. Peirce Williams, No. 20 Market St. Boston, Mas?. Gsopge M. Tracy, Agent of the A. B. C. F. M. New York, Rev. A. D. Eddy, Canandaigua, N. Y. Thomas Hastings, Ut.ca, N. Y. Pollard & Converse, Richmond, Va. Rev. James Campbell, B< aui'ort, S. C. William Moultrie Reid, Charleston, S. C. Col. George Smith, Statesville, W. T. William M. Combs, Nashville, Ten. Rev. Bennet Roberts, Povval, Me. Mr. Thos. R. Gold, (an itinerant Gen tleman.). Jeremiah Austil, Mobile, Ala. Rev. Cyrus Kingsbury, May hew, Choc taw Nation. Capt. William Robertson, Augusta, Georgia. Col. James Turk, Bellefonte, Ala. BELX&IOUS. THE KARENS IN BURMAH The Karens, a remarkable people in the interior of the Burman province, are described below. The letter, as it will be seea, is from one of our mis sionaries in India, addressed to the Rev. Dr. Sharp, Boston.—We are kindly permitted to copy it.— Colum bian Star, Tavoy, Sept. 9, 1828. Rev. and Dear Brother:—l have , lately been visited by a company of \ Karens, in whose history I trust you , will feel an interest. The Karens : are a race of wild people, inhabiting the interior, dwelling 011 mountains &nd in valleys, at a distance from cities, living in the most rural and simple style. They have no written lan guage, no schools, no religion, no tem ples, no object of worship, no priests, uonc who even profess to know the way of truth. As were the fathers, 30 are the children: oh the same pa ternal estate, in the same style, with the same dress and manners, the same darkness and ignorance, and conse quently the same vice. I am not however aware that the Karens are Viore vicious than their former oppress ors the Burmans. Among my visiters were one or two who appeared some what above the common level 6f their countrymen. One of them could read as well as speak BSrman. One was a chief and one a pretended sor cerer. The chief was an interesting young man-of thirty. His countenance and air bespoke something noble.— But 0 'tis a sad thing to see povyer ful intellects immured in chains of perpetual ignorance. This chief as pired after knowledge, but the key of knowledge had been denied him. Pie jV'EW ec: had been taught that man's great good consisted in eating, drinking, sleeping chewing betel, and conversation. Bu his soul was not satisfied. He pantei for higher enjoyments. "Give u. books in our own language, and w< will all learn to read. We want t( know the true God. We have beei living in total darkness. The Karen'; mind is like his native jungle." Tin tires of this man's intellect,, vvhicl prejudice and a national degradatioi had buried up and smothered, bill could not extinguish, demanded vent It could no longer lie like the unpol ished marble in the quarry. "o,' said I, "what a mournful thing is this. The gensrous soul, if nurtured with allied to angels; but it has been y sensual, and but litde higher than hat of brutes. The sorcerer was also a superior nan. Some 12 years since a Mussul nan joger had visited his village, and mprinted on hftn the mark of the false >rophet. "Take this book," said the oger, "and worship it. It will se :ure you from evil, and in the next tate you will be a man, and not a iriite. 'Touch not, taste not, handle iot' the things forbidden in the koran, ind all will be well." After a few vords of admonition concerning wligt vas to be eaten, and.what to be re ected, he exhibited a few of his jug gling tricks, and initiated the simple varen into the nefarious rites of the >rder of J'aLeers, and left him in his lative darkness, coupled with foreign vickedness. 13ut this contact of vickedness with darkness elicited iome scintillations of native, latent ight. Ambition was fired. To know lie contents of this book Jias been for 12 years the Karen's highest aim.— The thought that he had been so much listinguished above his fellow coun trymen as to receive a book—a revc- God," raised him, in his own estima tion, into a superior order of beings, and he became a conjurer! Like Si mon, he has given out that he is some great one, and to him many have giv en heed. Though ignorant of the contents of the venerated book, not knowing even in what language it was written, he has assumed the charac ter of a teacher and expounder of the sacred volume. He has persuaded several of his countrymen to join him in the new religion, and to pay superi or worship to the book. A pitched basket pf reeds' in which that book, wrapped in successive folds of muslin, was deposited, has been to them what the ark of the covenant was to the Tews—an object of profound venera ion. "A teacher will come, who vill explain to us this book," has been heir grand article of.belief; and as oon as they heard»of our arrival,- they ant a deputation to wait upon me, ind learn my doctrine. "Let the orcerer come and show me his book, md I will tell him whether it is good >r not. Meanvvhiie pay no religious ,'eneration to it. Take these books vhich contain a revelation from the -ou understand, find learn from them •ious well looking man of fifty, stood ;d themselves around lis. "What is 'Your lordship's humble servant has ship may look at it, unfold its mean lervants whether it is true or false, ;ood or bad. Your lordship's servant IF THE CHEROKEE NATION, AND DEVOTED TO THE CAUSE OF INDIANS.—JE. EtCBISCTT, lißlTOfe 3TA, WEDNESDAY JULY 22,1829. read, and believes them. He is con cerned to know whether this book contains the Christian doctrine." I felt that it was a critical moment. — Expectation was raised to the highest pitch. Several had previously en gaged that they should consider mjt decision respecting the book as final. A diKist profound silence prevailed throughout .the hall. "Show me the book." The old sorcerer stood forth with the basket at his feet. He uu covered the basket and unwrapped the precious deposit, and creeping forward, presented to me an old, tat tered, worn-out volume. It was no other than the "Book of Common Prayer," with the Psalms, printed at Oxford. 'Tis a good book," said I; "it teaches that there is a God in heaven whom alone we should worship. You have been ignorantly worshipping this book. That is not good. I will teach you to worship the God whom the book reveals." Every Karen countenance was alternately lighted iij) with smiles pf joy, and cast down with inward conviction of having erred in worshipping a book instead of the God it reveals. I took the book of Psalms in Bui man, and read such pas sages as seemed appropriate, and haw ing given a brief and easy explanation, engaged in prayer. * I then added, "Your venerated book teaches no such doctrine as you say the joger taught you. Renounce his false instructions, and attend to the doctrine which your book contains." The people listen ed attentively to our instructions till a late hour in the evening, when ! left them to take some repose. They stayed with me two days, and v\ould have staid longer, but our Karen Christian, whom I generally use as in terpreter wt'en conversing with Ka t rens, had gone out into the wilderness with the intention of making known the gospel to his benighted countrymen. — During their stay they listened con tinually to our instructions, attended our worship, and seemed pleased with our doctrine and worship. Just be fore leaving us, alter they had taken leave of me this morning, the old con jurer put on his jogqr dress, and in the midst of his former disciples made some show of his former grandeur. — There was surely something imposing in his appearance. But I could not regard it in a favourable light, and ; desired one of the native Christians to go and Jell him again that if he fvould be a Christian lie must lay aside r.l! his former practices and airs. I listened to hear the native Christian, who deaß with the old man in a very plain and faithful i.-.anner. "If," said the old man, "this dress is not pleasing to God, I am ready to send it afloat on yonder river." He then "disrobed ' himself and put on his common dress, and presented to his reprover a large cudgel which had been a badge of his authority for many years. On leav ing, they said, "We will no longer worship any but the true God and his Son Jesus Christ." During their stay they expressed a strong desire to re ceive a written language and books. They said all the Karens would then learn to read, and would come to the knowledge ot God. I pitied them from my very Tieart. Having suffer ed cruel oppression from their Bur man masters, they are averse to ev.e ry thing Burman, and wish for a writ ten language which the Burman can not understand. From an extensive acquaintance with the Karens of this province I judge that as a people they are pleas ed with their new rulers, the English, and have no prejudices against the Christian religion. They seem't obe expecting and wishing for a religion of some kind, and it appeArs to me that the present is the time to ititro-. duce letters and the gospel among them. There are more than two thousand Karens in this province, and Karen villages are dispersed all over the wildernesses of Burmah, Pega, Arracon, and Siam. Is it not exceed | ingly desirable that at least one mis- siouary should be sent unto them im mediately? Snch a missionary should be acquainted with the modern im provements for forming a written lan guage, and should be prepared to en dure much privation and hardship from which some of bis brethren may be exempted. IJ e will find that that without a life of self denial and toil he can accomplish but little among these simple uncultivated for esters. The Karen Christian will form no inconsiderable aid, if he has one to direct his labors; but he is not competent to the work alone. The two Karen boys now in the school, and others who propose soon to enter, will, if converted to the gospel, be in due time powerful assistants. Let us pray that God may prepare them for the great work. Do not all,these;things seem like so many intimations that something should be dene immediate ly for this people? Yours in our dear Redeemer, GEO. D. BOARDMAN. mmjkNS. . THE CHEROKEES It will be seen from a subsequent paragraph, that another slice has been cut off from the territory of the Cher okees by their neighb6rs the Georgi ans, comprising 1824 square miles, or 1,1&7,360 acres. It is only a few months since the unfortunate discove ry was made thbt the Georgians had any right fo this land: but the hint be ing once given, there v>as no difficulty in making out the proof; for according to the laws of Georgia, no Indian or descendant of an Indian can give testi mony in a Court of Justice, and of com se the evidence was wholly ex- parte. The new line, it is said, runs direct ly through the estate of John Ross, the Principal Chief of the Nation, who, at the time of the survey, was absent on some public business. Mr. Montgomery, the U. S. Agent, enter ed a formal protest against the survey, 1. Because the Cherokees positively and unequivocally denied that any such boundary ever did exist between them and the Creeks. 2.-'Because the evi dence taken by Georgia was wholly ex-partc, 3. Because the dividing line between the Cherokees and Creeks was definitely settled, and the lino run between them several 'years before the treaty of the Indian Springs, under which the State of Georgia claims.— 4. Because it was the province of the General Government to run all boun dary lines claimed under Indian Trea ties, and not of individual States. To all this Col. Wales replied, that he was acting under the authority of the State of Georgia, and was bound to i fulfil his instructions. Whatever the Georgians may think of such conduct, we v.enture to say the decision of posterity will be, that it was oppressive, cruel, and unjust. Even in the dominions of the Sultan, men are not often proceeded against, without being permitted to be heard in their own defence; but here, in this boasted land of liberty, a State -lias the impudence to act as „ vocate, judge and jury in its own case, and declare a verdict, in its own favor, without granting even an audience to the Victims of its oppression. Such proceedings, we confess, awaken our indignation, andklead us almost to wish that the Cherokees had the power to vindicate their rights and chastise their persecutors. Had Jefferson liv ed to see this day, he might have said in reference to such proceedings, as he did on contemplating the horrors of slavery, "I tremble when 1 think God is just!" —Jour, of Com. From the Lancaster (Mass.) Gazette. We have.inserted on our first page two interesting and important docu ments touching the iclatifin our go vernment with the Indians. - 1 lie first of these documents is an Indian talk of President Jackson to the Creeks, demanding a surrender of ihe uiurdtr- I ers of one of the whites, and recom • mending to them a removal to the • westward of the Mississippi. The other document is a letter from the i Secretary of Warto the Cherokee' Delegation, in answer to a complaint recently made by them of encroach ments upon their rights by the State of Georgia. The Indians insist upon being nn independent State, and deny the right of Georgia to claim jurisdic tion over them, and extend over them her Legislative enactments. The' Secretary of War informs them, how ever, that-the government of the Unit' ed Slates cannot deny to Georgia the i right which she claims; and proposes to them as the only remedy for their troubles, to remove beyond the Missis sippi, where they will receive protec tion as an independent, government.—■ It istlesirable that the unhappy trou bles of the remnant of the Indians ol this country should be terminated: but it is very evident that Georgia will never manifest a more accommodating spirit than she has done, and that the Indians will never find any mercy her hands. It may be their policy, therefore, where they cannot obtain justicej to seek peace in a place more remote from their tormenters. Our Indians have been oppressed, and crowded, step by step, from the ten i tory of their fathers, till they hnrtf dwindled from a powerful to an in$ig< nificant race, and been reduced from the possession of an immense territo ry to a spot barely sufficient to lay the bones of the small number of them that remain, "like the lone column of a fallen temple, exhibiting the sad relics of their former strength."— They command our sympathy, and much is due from our government to alleviate the distresses of their declin ing race. The following eloquent appeal is a recent talk of an aged Chief of the? Creek nation to Gen, Jackson. Its language goes to the heart:— "Brother! The red people \verc very numerous. They covered thfi land like the trees of the forest, from the big waters of the east to the great sea, where rests the setting sun. The white people came—they drove them from forest to forest, from river to river—the bones of our fathers strew ed the path of their wandering. Bro ther, you are now strong: we melt a way like the snow of spring before the rising Sun. Whither must we now go? Must we leave the home'of our fathers, aud go to a strange land be yond the great river of the West?— That land is dark & desolate—we shall have no pleasure in it. Pleasant are the fields of our youth—We love the woods where our fathers led us to the chase —Their bones lie by the running stream, where we sported in the days of our childhood —When we are gone, strangers will dig them up—The Great Spirit made us all—you have; land enough—Leave us then the fields of our youth, and the woods where our fathers led us to the chase -Permit us to remain in peace under th<j shade of our ow n trees —Let tis w atch over the graves of our fathers by the streams of our childhood—May' the Great Spirit move the heart of our father, the President, that he may open his ear to the voice of children, for they are sorrowful." Cherokee Improvements.—We under stand, that the Appraisers appointed by the Secretary of War, have com pleted the valuation of the improve ments belonging to the Cherokee In dians, in the country recently ceded by that nation to the United States, under the late treaty. The lotal value of all the improvements, "agree blyio their appraisement, we are in formed, is between $43,000 and $44,- 000—which is $6,000 or $7,000 more than the appropriation by Con gress for that object. The principal part of the Cherokees have already removed to the country to which they J* O. 14>.