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CHEROKEE PHOENIX, AXD INDIANS' ADVOCATE.
PRINTED UNDER THE PATRONAGE, AND FO£ THE BENEFIT OF THE CHEROKEE NATION, AND DEVOTED TO THE CAUSE OF INDIANS.—.E. BOUDINOTT, EDITOR. VOL. 11. PRINTED WEEKLY BY JOHN F. WHEELER, At $2 50 if paid in advance, $3 in six inonths, or $3 50 if paid at the end of the year. To subscribers who can read only the Cherokee language the price will be jf2,00 'n advAice, or $2,50 to be paid within the year. Every subscription will be considered a" Continued unless subscribers give notice to the contrary before the commencement of a hew year,and all arrearages paid. Any person procuring six subscribers, and becoming responsible for the payment, receive a seventh gratis. Advertisements will be inserted at seven ty-five cents per square for the first inser tion, anc" thirty-seven and a half cents for ea~h continuance; longer ones in propor. tion. ICF'AII letters addressed to the Editor, post paid, will receive due attention. AGENTS FOR THE CHEROKEE PHCENIX. The following persons are authorized to receive subscriptions and payments for the Cherokee Phccnix. Messrs. Pf.irce & Williams, No; 20 Market St. Boston, Mass. George M. Tracy, Agent of the A. B. C. F. M. New York. Rev. A. D. Eddy, Canandaigua, N. Y. Thomas Hastings, Utica, N. Y. Pollard & Converse, Richmond, Va. Rev. James Campbell,„Bi:aufort, S. C. William Moultrie Reid, Charleston, S. C. Col. George Smith, Statesville, W. T. William M. Combs, Nashville, Ten. Rev. Bennet Roberts, Powal, Me. Mr. Thos. R. Gold, (an itinerant Gen tleman.) Jeremiah Austil, Mobile, Ala. Rev. Cyrus Kingsbury, Mayhew, Choc taw Nation. Capt. William Robertson, Augusta, Georgia- Col. James Turk, Bellefonte, Ala. RELIGIOUS. INTERVIEW AT SHIRAZ. From the Asiatic Journal. The day after the entertainment, I paid a visit to the person at whose house it had been given, and spoke to him of Mahomed Rahem. He said he was a much esteemed friend of his, and offered, without waiting for my Solicitation, to take me to visit him. I suppressed my joy at the offer, and the ensuing morning was fixed for the interview. We reached the house of Mahomed Rahem, who received us with great cordiality, and spoke to mp in a man ner quite free from that reserve which appeared on the former occasion. I was soon charmed with his agreeable manners and even vivacity; for no ap bearance of frigidity remained. • He was a remarkably cheerful and well informed man. Our interview was short; we seem ed both to feel that the presence of Meerza Reeza was a restraint upon us. I therefore took mv leave, after obtaining permission to repeat my vis it. A few days after this, I called alone Upon Mahomed Rahem. I found him reading a volume of Cowper's Poems! The circumstance led to an immedi ate discussion of the merits of English poetry and European literature in gen eral. I was perfectly astonished at the clear and accurate conceptions he had formed upon these subjects, and at the precision with which he ex pressed himself in English. Surpris ed that a man with such refined taste and just reflection as he ?eemed to be, could still be enthralled in, the bondage of Islamism, or could even relish the metaphysical mysticism of NEW ECHOTA, WEDNESDAY AUGUST 5, 1829. the Soofees, I ventured to sound his opinions upon the subject of religion. "You are a moollah, I am inform ed." " No," said he; "I was educated at a Madrussia, but I have never felt an inclination to be one of the priest hood." "The exposition of your religious volume," I rejoined, "demands a pret ty close application to study; before a person can be,qualified to teach the doctrines of the Koran, I understand that he must thoroughly examine and digest volumes of comments, ascer tain the sense of the text and the ap plications of its injunctions. This is a laborious preparation, if a man be dis posed conscientiously to fulfil his im portant functions." As he made no remark, I continued: "our Scriptures are their own expositors; we are soli citous only that they should be read: and although some particular passages are not without some difficulties, a rising from the inherent obscurity of language, the faults of translation, or the errors of copyists; yet it is our boast that the authority of our Holy Scripture is confirmed by the perspi cuity and simplicity of their style as well as precepts." I was surprized that he made no re ply to these observations. At the hazard of being deemed importunate, I proceed to panegyrize the leading principles of Christianity, more par ticularly in respect to their moral and practical character; and happened, amongst other reflections, to suggest that ps no other concern was of so much importance to the human race as religion, and as only one faith could be the right, the subject admitted not of being regarded as indifferent, though too many did so regard it. "Do not you esteem it so?" he ask ed. "Certainly not," I replied. "Then your indifference at the ta ble of our friend Meerza Reeza, when the topic of religion was under con sideration, was merely assumed, out of complaisance to Musulmans, I pre sume?" I remembered the occasion to which he alluded, and recognized in his countenance the same expression, compounded half of pity, half of sur prise, which it then exhibited. I owned that I had acted inconsistently, perhaps incautiously and imprudently; but I made the best defence I could, and disavowed in the most solemn manner any premeditated design to contemn the religion I professed. "I am heartily glad I was deceiv ed," said he; "for sincerity in religion is our paramount duty. What we are we should never be ashamed of appear ing to be." "Are you a sincere Musulman, then?" I boldly asked. An internal struggle seemed, for an instant, to agitate his visage: atlength he answered, mildly, "no." " You are not a sceptic or free thinker?" "No; indeed I am not." "What are you then?—Be you sin cere.—Are you a Christian?" "I am," he replied. I should vainly endeavor to describe my astonishment which seized me at this declaration. I surveyed Mahom ed Rahem, at first, with a look which; judging from its reflection from his benign countenance, must have betok ened suspicion, or even contempt. — The consideration that he could have no motive to deceive me in this dis closure, which was of infinitely great er seriousness to himself than to me, speedily restored me to recollection, and banished every sentiment but joy; I could not refrain from pressing si lently his hand to my heart. He was not unmoved at this trans port; but he betrayed no unmanly e motions. He told me that I had pos sessed myself of a secret, which, in spite of his opinion that it was the du ty of every one to wear his religion openly, he had hitherto concealed, ex- i I cept from a few who participated in his own sentiments. "And whence came this happy change?" I asked. I "1 will tell you that, likewise," he replied. "In the year 1223 (of the ■ Hegiral there cante to this city, an Englishman, who taught the religion I of Christ with a boldness hitherto un paralleled in Persia, in the midst of much scorn and ill-treatment from our moollahs, as well as the rabble. He 1 was a beardless youth, and evidently enfeebled by disease. He dwelt a ■ mongst us for more than a year. I was then a decided enemy to infidels, as the Christians are termed by the followers of and I visited this teacher of the despised sect with i the declared object of treating him with scorn, and exposing his doctrines to contempt. Although I persevered some time in this behavior towards i him, I found that every interview not only increased my respect for the in dividual, but diminished ray confidence in the faith in which I was educated. His extreme forbearance towards the violence of his opponents, the calm ahd yet convincing manner in which he exposed the fallacies and sophis-1 tries by which he was assailed, for he spoke Persian excellently, gradually inclined me to listen to his arguments, inquire dispassionately into the sub ject of them, and finally to read a tract which he had written in reply to a de fence of Islamism by our chief mool lahs. Need I detain you longer? The result of my examination was a con viction that the young disputant was right. Shame, or fear, withheld me from avowing this opinion; I even a voided the society of the young teach er, though he remained in the city so long. Just before he quitted Shirauz, I could not refrain from paying him a farewell visit. Our conversation, — the memory of it will never fade from the tablet of my mind, —sealed my conversion. He gave me a book —it has ever been my constant companion —the study of it has formed my most delightful occupation—its contents have often consoled me." i Upon this he put into my hands a i copy of the New Testament, in Per , sian; on one of the b-lank leaves was ■ written: There is joy in Heaven over [ one sinner that repenteth— Henry Mar , TYN. Upon looking into the memoir of Mr. Martyn, by Mr. Sargent, one of the most delightful pieces of biography in our language, I cannot perceive therein any allusion to Mahomed Ra hem, unless he be one of the young men (mentioned in p. 350) who came from the college, "full of zeal and logic," to try him with hard questions. INTEMPERANCE, BIOGRAPHIES OF PRISONERS. In tour Review of the last Report on Auburn Prison, we mentioned the biographical sketches of convicts, giv en by themselves, on leaving prison, at the expiration of their term of con - finement. We publish a few of them, as presenting some interesting facts, and shewing what are some of the steps by which an arrival is made at the Penitentiary. A judicious selec tion of such biographies from Prison Reports, would undoubtedly be useful for extensive circulation, as being a dapted to show those who are entering upon vicious courses, whither their wayward path is likely to lead them. Jour, of Humanity. J. W.—An Oneida Indian; age 30; has always lived at Oneida Castle; says "every body love him till he be gun to get drunk and fight, about five year ago; he best fiddler in Oneida, and that make him bad man, 'cause bad company and drink." His story is, that while absent at Green Bay, his wife went to live with another In dian, who took his oxen and exchang ed them for a horse; on his return, he claimed the horse, and took him off; his faithless wife complained of him, and he was convicted of grrnd larcen cy, March 17, 1827, and sentenced 3, years: discharged by pardon, July 22, 1828. He has been a very kind, inoffen sive, industrious convict; but he could not endure confinement; his health is greatly impaired, and it was to save his life that application was made for his pardon; he has been taught to read in the prison Sabbath school; and there is go/d ground to believe that he will be what he says he will, a "better Indian." S. Pl,—Age 28; born in Herkimer county; parents have moved about a ,?„cl deal; now lives in Lewis coun ty; was brought up very badly; work ed at farming; had only 3 months' schooling before he came to prison; when fourteen was put out to a far nier, who used him very hard; lived with him three years, and then left him and worked here and there for himself; says he was a wild, and rude boy; never received any religious or moral instruction; used to spend his Sabbaths in gambling and other sports; had very little sense of moral obliga tion; married when 19, and has two children, living in Lewis county; says that h'rs father had a law suit, and for testifying falsely in this suit, through the influence of his father, he was con victed of perjury, and sentenced to this prison. Says he was guilty, and thinks he has been brought to see and feel the enormity of his guilt, and to repent in dust and ashes. Discharg ed by pardon. May 2, 1828. v H. has been a good convict; has worked hard; and his constitution has Wcome Very much broken. He has been a member of the Sabbath School; where he has learned to retid well; and strong hopes are entertained that, he will hereafter be a steady and use ful man. E. J.—(Female.) —Age 28; born in England; her father, a man of property in Manchester, gave her a good opportunity for education; says she was a very wild, disobedient child; when she was 14, parents moved to Canada; she soon after got married, before she was 15; parents, disliking the country, soon returned to England: she remained, and moved to Montreal with her husband; he was intempe rate, and when in liquor abused her; left aim and her young child, and came out to Pittsburgh; took a dress, be longing to a woman with whom she lived, to wear to a ball, (her own not being gay enough) without asking leave; was accused of stealing them, and convicted; says she got very an gry at the trial, and abused the court, in consequence of which she got a long sentence, 10 years. Acknowl edges that she has been a wicked girl, and thinks she shall hereafter do bet ter. Discharged by pardon, May 31, 1828. A. W.—Age 43; born in Connecti cut; his parents, with whom he lived till 21, did every thing they could for him; gave him a good chance to get learning, and much faithful religious instruction; but he treated every thing of the kind with neglect and contempt; did not, however, run into any very vicious habits before he left his pa rents, and went to lumbering on Hud son river; then gave himself up to al most every species of vice; knew no Sabbath; was very intemperate; mar ried at about 22, and moved into Ca yuga county; has three children; has been in this prison before; the first time for stealing a horse, which he says he. hired to ride a short distance, but rode farther than he told of going; convicted in Ontario county, Novem ber 4, 1817, and sentenced 4 years; pardoned April 20, 1820; returned to his family, but ditf not live with them long; went off into Pennsylvania to work; was cheated out of his wages; returned into this State, and in Steu ben county, after a night of gambling, drinking and fighting, was committed to gaol on suspicion of having countcr- feit money; broke gaol, and for that offence was again sentenced to this pris /n, June 17, 1823, for five years; says he has been 2 years in solitary confinement. Discharged by expi ration of sentence, June 17, 1828. T. It.—Age 48; born and brought up on Long Island; education decentj left his parents at 15; has followed various kinds of business; has been to sea some; worked some as a ship join er; kept a grocery in New York; hag been a carman there; used to drink rather too freely and to fight when he had occasion; was once fined for fight ing at a wedding; can whip any man, let it be who it will; has brought up a laige fatoily, and been a man of con siderable property; became reduced, and thought he would try his luck at passing counterfeit money ; got some of a grocer in New York, who had made a good deal by it; says he knotvif many of that character in the city.— Wa3 convicted in Suffolk county, June 10, 1824, and sentenced 14 years.—- Discharged by pardon, August If 1828. R. has been a hard convict,, antfy though he acknowledges his guilt, apt pears unsubdued and revengeful. J. B.—Age SJ; born in Rhode lsj= and; brought up by his parents; caii read a little, but not write; married before he was 19, and moved into thi£ state, first into Otsego, and then into Oneida county; followed the carperi* ter's business, and kept a boarding house; was a steady man till about eight years ago, when he took to drink ing, and became very intemperate.~ One night, after general training, aff he and one of his boarders lay drunfc' before the lire, he took hold of the man's leg to prevent his thrusting his foot into the fire; the man, suddenly waking from sleep, seized him by the throat; he, to rescue himself froiri his grasp, struck him with the tongsj for which he was convicted of assault and battery with attempt to murder, and sentenced 3 years. Says luirl brought him here, and is determined never again to touch it; has been sev ral times in the county gaol for d.ink* irig and fighting; resolves to do better, and it is hoped he will. Discharged by expiration of sentence, October B,' 1828. G. W.—Age 30; born in Washing ton county; education decent; family moved into Montgomery county about 18 years since'; generally lived with bis parents; for some time followed driving horses to the eastward, for sale, with bis father; got to racing horses, drinking, gambling, &c.; lat terly has been an idle profligate; victed of petit larcency, 2d offence, in Montgomery county, May 23, 1828, and sentenced 3.years and I day; first stole a penknife in a frolic; at another lime as he and some others were out riding, drunk and cold, took a buffalo skin on the way jto keep them warm, and when he got home sold it to "raise the wind." —Discharged by pardon," November 30, 182 S. He has taken his imprisonment ve ry hard; and it is hoped that his dread of the prison, if nothing else, will be a check upon his vicious propensities. Extract from an address pronounced before the Medical Graduates of the University of Maryland, April 6th, 1529, by Nathan K. Smith, M. D. Professor of Surgery and Dean of the faculty. How few there are who realize that while the sword is sleeping in its scabbard, while plenty smiles upon our land, and pestilence withholds its arrows, there is still abroad among utf a destroying demon "more fell than hunger, anguish, or the sea." It is ascertained that more than thirty thousand lives are,'in our own country alone, annually destroyed by (his sui cidinal excess. The poisoned chalice is filled at the expense of more than three times the revenue of the nation. What waste of treasure is here, with out even the poor recompense of ease and pleasure? What destruction of human life, without one Wreath of thai NO. 18.