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the confederacy. Nor is this to be
wondered at when to the foregoing considerations it be added that half ol our population is estimated, in the po litical scale, at but three fifths ot its actual weight. VVe are often up braided by a comparison of our condi tion with that of New York and Ohio, to which all the other States which are exempted from the curse oi slav ery, might well be added. And with shame we feel ourselves constrained to bow to the humiliating comparison. We view our beloved State, blessed by the God of nature with a variety of useful and lovely capabilities, un surpassed by those of any other coun try on the globe; we view it not mere ly as stationary, while her sister States are advancing, but as positive ly declining. It is peculiarly the pro vince of such statesmen as compose your honorable body to detect the causes of the national calamity and degradation, and to provide and apply the remedy. That the causes here tofore frequently assigned are the true ones, we do not Lelieve. If they have any effect, as possibly they may, it must "be extremely small and par tial. We humbly suggest our belief that the slavery which exists, and which, with gigantic strides, is gaining ground amongst us, (s in truth, the great efficient cause of the multiplied evils which we all deplore. We can not conceive that there is any other cause sufficiently operative to paral ize the energies of a people so mag nanimous, to neutralize the blessings Ht Providence included in the gift ol a land so happy in its soil, its climate, its minerals, and its waters; and to an nul the manifold advantages of our re publican freedom and Geographical position. If Virginia has already fall en from her high estate, and it we " have assigned the true cause of her fall, it is with the utmost anxiety that We look to the future ; to the fatal ter mination of the scene. As we value our domestic happiness, as our hearts yearn for the prosperity of our off spring, as we pray for the guardian care of the Almighty over our coun try, we earnestly inquire what shall be done to avert the impending ruin. The efficient cause of our calamity is vigorously increasing in magnitude and potency, while we wake and while we sleep. The outlets for draining off a portion of this pestife 4 rous population of slaves are fast clo sing against us. In the meaii time our white people are removing in multitudes, to distant regions, and those who remain seem destined to become martyrs to their love of Vir ginia, exposed to foreign enemies, to civil feuds, and to domestic insurrec tions, without the physical ability in dispensable to their own preservation. And shall we alas! reduce ourselves to the necessity of invoking aid from the North and West? We will not press this appalling topic any farther, but with intense solicitude recom mend it to the serious consideration of your honorable body. We feel as sured that in addressing Vtien of such enlarged and liberal views, as we con fidently ascribe to the members of your body, it must be Unnecessary to dilate farther upon this mournful and most interesting subject. We deem it * prudent, too, not to push this memorial into greater detail, and therefore we desist, only adding our importunate prayer that you may devise some con stitutional provision, the fruit of which shall be the extermination, in due time, of the slavery which threatens with destruction all that we hold dear and valuable as a people. All which is respectfully submit ted. From the Chester Upland Union, July 26. "Mexico, May 29th 1829.—1 have hot yet had an interview with the President, but shall tomorrow, when I shall settle all matters with them, and return home. On my way here I had a most unpleasant and extreme ly dangerous adventure, but my good genius protected me as it has done on many other occasions. Travelling with a friend and having no apprehen sion of danger, we were suddenly attacked by three banditti, being part of a gang of seven, well mounted and well armed, with their faces blacked and looking more like devils than hu man beings. We had merely time to form a line on one side of the road, while they formed on the other. The battle commenced by their cap tain discharging his pistol at me at the distance of a few paces. I then fired & shouldhave killed him,had not his horse •thrown up his head and received the baW in his neck.—He in great rage tired at ine and missed me; by tins time all the pistols of the banditti were discharged, as well as those of my friend in among them; they fled and we pursued, when the captain suddenly wheeled his horse, passed my friend and came directly at me with his sabre to cut me down. I waited quietly until he came within six feet of me when I shot hini through the body; he fell on the neck of his horse, and they both, came down to gether. His companions seeing this be came intimidated; but after a little, seeing an intention on their part to charge against ine (my friend being occupied in finishing the captain, who was not quite dead.) I seized a small fowling piece which ivas in the hands of my servants, and compelled them to retreat; this left us masters of the field. We took possession of the captain's horse, arms, &c. and deliv ered them to the Alcade or magistrate of the next village—the villagers turned out armed and gave pursuit, when some meeting five of the gang they killed one of them. It is a most fortunate circumstance for us that we did not fall in with the whole gang, if we had I should not now be alive to tell the tale. My friend (Dr. Board man) received a severe sabre wound in his left arm. DAVID PORTER." TO POSTMASTERS "It frequently happens that news papers are sent by mail, addressed to persons who do not take them out of the office. In every instance of this kind the postmaster should give im mediate notice of it to the editor of the paper; adding the reason if known, why they are not taken, that is, whether the person is dead, has re moved to some Other place, or merely refused." The above is an extract from the instructions of the Postmaster Gener al to the several Postmasters. The instructions also direct that a Post master, who wishes to avail himself of the franklin privilege, shall "write his name and office on the outside of the letter," and no letter shall be admitted as franked unless the office attends to this duty. We have, this morning, received a letter from one of the recently ap pointed Postmasters in Connecticut, informing us that our country paper, sent to J" H. C., is not taken from his office, no reason is assigned. The letter has not even the name of the state, either within or on the outside. It is signed bv " asst." On the outside the Postmaster places his name, but does not say whether he is Posinaster in Maine or Florida, nor even condescend to place a date to it. JV*. Y. Spec. A BLOWING SPRING Extract of a letter to the editors of the Richmond Compiler, dated Newbern, (Va.) 12th July, 1829 "I saw a natural curiosity a lew days ago, that I am very much sur prised has not attracted the attention of some persons sooner. It is a very large spring, in the county of Wythe, being one of the head springs of Crip ple Creek, about ten miles from the court house, in nearly a south course. It ebbs and flows in the months of Au gust and September only; runs four days and stops four days, during the two.months mentioned. The balance of the year it runs continually; the water is limestone, and in quantity sufficient to turn a grist mill. It is an uncommonly large spring; it will begin to blubber and sink back, and not run one drop; and at the end of four days it will roar like claps of thunder, and in a few minutes after the noise, with a blowing, and the wa ter returns. The gentleman who owns the spring, and lives near it, is the man who gave myself and other persons this information. We went to the spring and drank of the water, which was exceedingly fine and cool and of a bluish color, so much so as to color the creek a mile or upwards be low, into which it empties. The man who owns it, and lives there, is by the name of Pointer, a man of truth and respectability. I asked the neighbors if it was true; they told me it was. There is a mill or mills with in one half a mile below it, which has tb stop when it stops, although on another stream. I told Mr. Pointer I would forward the account he gave to you and give him as my author.— He told me to do so, that it was the truth, and could be proveu by fif iy 01 more respectable men, but some how or other it had passed the notice of men until now. For myself 1 think it one of the greatest curiosities "1 have ever seen; much more so than the natural bridge, that has attracted so much notice.— From the authority lor the foregoing account of the spring, I have no doubt of its truth. Tiiey call it the blow ing spring. That the spring is in an ob scure neighborhood is the only reason I can give for its passing unnoticed." Unfortunate Mistake. —Two anned parties, one consisting of four and the other of five persons, from this town, set out on Monday night last, in pur suit of a gaijg of runaways on our Isl and, for the apprehension of whom large rewards are offered. They en countered each other in the dark oil the road about a mile from toWn, as it was unknown to each party that another was oiit with a simitar ob ject, after challenging each other, a gun was discharged on one side, answered by a general lire from the other, which was returned, and both parties retreated—under the impres sion that they were engaged with a superior force of runaways! Three persons were wounded on each side, six in all. Both parties continued under their mistake until they met each other in Beaufort. The wounds we believe, are not dangerous, and if no harm had been done, the affair would have been, highly ludicrous. Beaufort Gazette On Saturday last, just after sunset, a lady, whose eyesight is very good, was sitting at her "bower window," raising her eyes, she saw a lovely boy, apparently about live years Old, isiue from the upper window of a house op posite —cautiously, but his bnly cau tion seemed to be agaiust pursuit. He stepped boldly and steadily dojvn to the eaves. Afraid to call lest »he should startle him, the lady's work dropped from her hands, and she sat with breathless apprehension. "The dauntless child sti etched forth his little liands and smiled." Having found the direction of the breeze, iie drew a little windmill from his bosan, and bearing it at arm's length befdre him, with one foot on the rain troiigh and the other on the roof, ran delight- ed till fairly out of breath. Return ing gaily from his perilous expedition, he shot into the window, before the astonished lady had sufficiently col lected her senses to observe the co lour of the wings that decorated his feet. Wings she is sure she saw. Parents, lake care of your children Pliilad. paper. "Rest Weary Traveller-'''' —We re ceived yesterday a small prool sheet | from the office of the Richmond Compiler, containing partial returns of the late Presidential election, dated the 6th of November last, and which was probably mailed at that time. — What have been the extent and na ture of its peregrinations, we have no means of judging. Could it write the history of its travels, it would proba bly contaid accounts of strange oc currences and vicissitudes and alterations of heat and cold while vi brating in the mail stages between Maine and Georgia. —JV*. Y. Gaz ette. SOW EO2COTAB WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 26, 1829. Our readers will perceive from the ar ticles we insert in our pap£r under the head of Indians, that an interest is creat ing in the public mind in regard to the rights of the aborigines. We hope this in terest will increase until public opinion shall decide either for or against us. We wish to know what the people of the Unit- Ed States think of us—whether they are willing to sacrifice us to the cupidity of some of our white brethren—whether they will sustain the doctrine of Secretary Ea ton, and say that the guarantee for ever solemnly given by the United States to us, is not sufficient to protect us in our rights, and the only alternative is for us to remove across the Mississippi. The policy of Washington, Jefferson, &c. toward the In dians has heretofore been, evidently, sus tained by public opinion, we should be grlad to know whether the change proposed by president Jackson will meet with public approbation. "\Vhen are undei fie quent necessity of mentioning president Jackson's name, we hope our readers will not think us as indulging ourself in party ism. It is not against Jackson we are op- I posed, but against t,he measure of the ad ministration. We are happy to learn we are not alone in our opposition. Able hands have volunteered for the defence of Indian nghts. We invite particular at tention to the able piece we have repub lished from the N. Y. American. The two leading articles in our present number are likewise calculated to encourage lis much. In our next we shall give our readers an able article on the subject from the National Journal. SUMMARY. Speaking Aside.—A diffident lover going to the town clerk to request him to publish the bans of matrimony, found him at work alone in the middle of a ten acre lot and asked him to step aside a moment, as he had some thing particular for his private ear!— BerL Airier. An Advertisement, in the Lehigh Pioneer, calls a meeting of the citi zens of Mauch Chunck, to form an " Anti-talk-about-your-neighbours-So ciety." To stop tattling, in a vil lage", was not among the visions of Swift's philosophers of Lapute. Many notable deaths have lately taken place in France, among whom are those of the Prince of Hohenlohe, who had attained the rank of a French marshal; of General Cazial, one of Napoleon's most distinguished officers; of the Bishop of Dijon; and of the daughter of the daughter of the Ex- Minister, Count Peyronnet. The London papers announce Cap tain Basil Hall's Travels in North America for publication early in June. The Vermont American announces that the Sixth trial for the choice of a Representative toGoiigress in that State had been unsuccessful. Gen. Gaboon (the anti-masonic candidate) had 2613, Gen. Cushman 2430, Mr. Bell 1155, and Mr. Buck 787, so that there is no choice. It was reported at Mahone, that the French were preparing a fleet of men-of-wftr and transports to attack Algiers by sea and land—they had now in commission 7 men of war in the Mediterranean. The Virginia Free Press says —Of all the Anti-Societies which we have heard of, none pleases us so well us the Anti-neglect-to-pay-the-Pkinter- Soeiety, proposed to be raised in our neighbourhood. The Greeks have been remarka blv successful, ot late, in tneir con test with the Turks, and instead of being hunted out like wild beast* up on the mountains, have actually as sumed the offensive. According to accounts from different places, tney have, since the opening of the present campaign, taken possession 01 Saiona, Livadia, Vonitza, the Pass oi Ther mopylae, Lepanto, the Castle 01 Uou melia, and far-famed Missolungin. Henry Hamilton, the notorious swindler, who absconded from York, U. C. has been arrested in France.— Report states that 4700/ of the prop erty carried off by him has been se cured. A little girl of Mr. John Brown, near Hebron, Ohio, reeently tell into a well, 47 feet deep, with about sev en feet cf water: this accident being discovered by Mr. Brown, he instans ly descended, and brought her up un hurt, except some slight bruises about her head. James Read, 34 Arcade, New York, offers to treat his customers "with a view of one of the most com plicated machines in this country, in which he weaves eight different watch ribbons at the same time." Extract of a letter received in Bos ton from Havana, dated Bth July: "Just now there is much trouble a mong the dry goods dealers in the city, several have stopped payment and many more are expected, i hus a stain is thrown 011 more than two and a half millions of paper, which has hitherto passed as currently as dou bloons. There is scarcely a house of magnitude in the place that is without at least a hundred thousand dollars of this paper." . It is said the low price ot lead makes the working of the United States lead Mines a losing business. The Editors of the N. Y..Enquirer say they have a press building to en able them to print a much larger pa per. It will have eight columns in a page, each four inches longer than at present. In the Garden of Hampton Court, Eng. is a celebrated Vine, allowed, by "all foreigners, to surpass every other in Europe. It is 72 feet by 20, and has, in one season, produced I 2272 bunches of grapes, weighing 18 cwt. It was planted in the year 176$ The stem is about 13 inches in girth. The editors of the New York Com mercial Advertiser, call on their brethren, in Pennsylvania, to aid in reforming the name Mauch Chunk.— They state on the authority of a gen tleman familiar with the subject, that there are no such words or sounds as JMauck Chunck, nor any analogous tc( them, in the Delaware, or any other Indian language. He believes the name to have been originally Mong Chwig, or the Ikur Mountain. Cobbett says that all North Ameri ca does not contain two hundred such unmannerly, greedy, and indecent brutes as Were assembled at the late dinner of the Westminster electors, where he was pretty roughly treated. He says: —"1 saw one fellow endeav oring to out a roast fowl asunder, crossways, while another had his fork stuck in the neck end, ready to take one of the halves." A wicked wag in the frost on Cour ier has annagrammatized the name of ( Anne llovail as follows—"all annoy* er." At the peace of 1763, when Cana da was acquired by the-English Gov ernment, there were only 60,00!) in habitants. There are now upwards' of a million. The Alexandria Gazette states that a citation has been issued by the Cir cuit Court of the District of Colum bia, against t(ie editor of the Balti more Republican, for contempt of Court in publishing the testimony in the case of Watkins, in opposition to an order of the court. * . , - .if It is estimated that there pre in the United .States 480,000 Mechanics,'- 9,00() Lawyers, 12,0(tf) Docfcls; 7,000, (say 10,000) Ministers, aiiij 36,000 Schoolmasters.' The Salc'm Courier tells a' stori* of two girls who came to town to rig themselves, and, after cheapening, iu twenty shops, called at the Post Of» fice, where they found a letter fof each. "How much?" "Twelve and a half cents each! I '. "Tfiat the lowest?" "Yes, Uncle Sam never eoraes down." "Go ask your undo. If he'll let us have thern at ten cents, we'lf take.both." , As Anti societies are now all the rage, the Willianjstown Advocate proposes to establish one which is much needed about this time. It is to be called "The anti-making-edit ors-pay-postage-on-conimunication-So- ciety." The number of Old Spaniards at present in the city of New Orleans, who have left Mexico in consequence of the late expulsion, is estimated at more than two thousand! The New Orleans Advertiser stales that manv of them are in a state of affluence, while others suffer much from povej ty- The trial of Asa W. He we, a dep uty post master at Norfolk, Ohio, tooli place at Columbus on Saturday week. He was charged with open ing certain letters which passed through the office (of which he had the sole management,) and abstract ing the money therefrom. He was' found guilty, but had not received sentence at the last accounts from Columbus. The Vt. Journal says, butter tubs which have become foul may be tho roughly cleansed by filling thefti with bran and water and letting them stand till fermentation takes place. It is easily tried. We are informed, says a Baltimore paper, that Dr. Zollikoffer of this ci ty had presented to him for examina tion, a head of cabbage, that was found to contain tuenly two heads, in closed in such a manner by the exter- nal leaves, as to Form one of the most solid and well arranged heads, to all appearatice, that the Horticulturist would desire to exhibit as a fair sam ple of the goodness of his crop. — Eighteen of these were as perfectly formed as it is possible to imagine. The directors of the steamboat Chancellor Livingstone, runniUg from New York to Providence, have re solved to discontinue the custom of placing spirituous liquors on the table of their steamboat. LAWS OF THE CHEROKEE NATION; or he years 1826, 1827 1828. for sale at this office.