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Cherokee phoenix, and Indians' advocate. [volume] (New Echota [Ga.]) 1829-1834, January 27, 1830, Image 3

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•'ith disregarding tile obligations
f good faith. But, unlets the trea
ies with the Cherokee* are observed
'-cording to the natural construction
f language, such a charge will be
evitable, and will be sustained by
• decision of an impartial work,
rom so indeligle a stigma may our
>r national character be preserv
ed.
By the solemn nature of every trea
v negotiated by our national authori
■—by the tender recollections of
m ancestors, who sought a resting
>ee in this continent from the op*
ressiou of unjust and arbitraty gov
ernments; —by the unsullied glory of
ashington, the father of the coun
y, who, with his fellow patriots, in
,e infancy of our national govern
ed!;, gave the most deliberate assu
nccs to the red men of the forest,
it the general government should
lend to them a truly paternal care,
,1 that the engagements of the gen
■l government with the Indians
Ud be honorably fulfilled, accard
tothe understanding of the parties;
> regard to the reputation of our
lie agents, who, during a period of
y years, have ratified documents
recisely the same character, pur
iag to be national treaties, but
threatened to be cancelled; by
sympathy with the weak and de
'.'OiiceleM, which spontaneously arises
every genepoas and honorable mind;
y that atrhorrence which every up*
ght legislator will feel at the sugges
tion of measures that rest upon brute
'orbe, and" disregard the claims of
j&lice; by the dread of incurring re
iroach from the wise and good, in re
note countries and distant ages; and
lbove all, by the apprehension of tne
divine displeasure, which will not
'ail to punish a nation 'hat, unmindful
jf its engagements, and swayed bjr
motives of temporary interest and nar
row policy, disregard the cries of the
♦ppressed, and the sufferings of the
helpless—by all these considerations,
your memorialists intreat your honor
able body to i;iterpose and save the
Cherokees from such injustice and op
pression, as can hardly fail of accom
plishing their ruin, and of bringing op
probrium and perpetual shame upon
»ur country. —
memorialists, as in duty
i;i ever pray.
Signed by order, and on behalf,
Tthe meeting.
JOHN TRUMBULL, Ch'mn
PETER SHAEPE, > Secretariei .
John Torrey, )
Kevv York, 28th Dec. 1820.
The following resolution was pass
ed at th'C jarae meeting:—
"Resolved, That it be recommend
ed to our fellow citizens, it all parts
•ef the country, to petition Congress
on behalf of the Cherokees, and other
■southwestern tribes of Indians, that
they may be sustained in the undis
turbed enjoyment of their national and
cocial rights, and that the honor and
good faith of this nation majr be pre
served."'
From the Litchfield Enquirer.
.GEORGIA AND THE CHERO
KEES*
In a number of the Georgia Journal
pfsome ten or twelve weeki ago,
iind cpnfined almost entirely to it* own
County, (Baldwin,) and the neighbor
ing counties of Jones and Putnanf, the
following matters and things arc ad
vertised undtr tfie head of Sheriff's
Said, viz.
Fourteen thousand six hundred and
*weaty-four acres of land, most of it
under improvement;
Two hundred and thirty-six horses,
; n, cow«, shec;>, and geese; and
hundred, nnd forty-two ntgroei
and mulattoei; all levied on, arid to be
sold, (time and place being specified,)
*'to satisfy sundry executions."
Besides these, the sheriffs also ad
vertise, and for the same purpose,
whole libraries of lawyer books, and
doctor beoks, and road waggons, and
gear, and corn, and fodder, and ginned
cotton, and seed cotton, and feather
beds, and wardrobes, anfl sideboards,
and lockerr, and safes, and chairs, and
tables, and clocks, and grindstones,
And ovens, and rifles, and shot' guns,
4c. &c. "too tedious to mention." ■
INFERENCES.
11. Some of the people in the cotin-"
ties of Baldwin, Jones, and Putnam,
Ga. have got "»orf o"f into debt.
t. After their negroes, Itock, and
lands shall have been sold; or at far-
T> est, by "last Christmas come a
-ar," they must find home* and "new
ouud" somewhere else
CHEROKEE PHOEIIX AND ISDIAITS'ADYOCim
3. Having becom«. of "no account
upou the t/tr</t," as to property; with-'
out money, and "very like," without
credit; they will be unable to pur
chase.
4: Their only prospect of ever ob
taining another plauvation, therefore,
nayturally" rests on the possibility
"as how" they may draw a prize in
some future Land J.otter?. But,
5. If the State of Georgia has no
more undivided territory to be billet
ed out among the people in that way,
she cannot make another Lottery. *
• *
# # #
Again—6. If there be such a "smart
chauce" of property to be sold for
debt, in souse few of the central, and
most fertile counties in the .State,
must it not be a "heap sorrier" times
"up iii Habersham," and away down
in the piny woods! Hence,
7. If those who, in such numbers,
are to be ejected from house and
home by legal process, cannot try for
a "quarter section" in another lotte
ry, "may be if they don't" get up a
light against the government, which
will not be quelled by a double draft
of pat rollers, nor their whule muster
1011,. even.
8. Such being the danger of insur
rection, and no penitentiary now to
make the "run-mad," poverty-struck
population "be hush;" the Legislature
must take the '-running start" of them,
and authorize another Land Lottery
at all events.
9. But before the Legislature can
authorise another Lottery, they must
find the land to make it of.
10. This landSiust be found within
the "chartered limits" of their state:
aiid
11. As they have got the lands of
the Oi«fcs, already, they must of
course, (low take the territory owned
and held by the Cherokees.
12. If "starvation has no laws,"
and the Georgia folkS Waßt the Cher
okee land "so bad;" the conclusion is,
THEY MUST, and WILL HAVE it.
All this logic mout be called "pow
erful weak" by a Georgian; but an
Indian has a right to "reckon," though
he cannot be a "competent witness;"
and one Indian dott reckon, that if there
is such an amount of property now go
ing, going, gone, under the hammer,
then Georgia has some real knock
down arguments by which to enforce
her claiwi to the lands of the Chero
kees. UNCAS.
•Written last April,
f Most of these quotations are expressions
peculiar to the Southern people, in Geor
gia and elsewhere-.
CHEROKEE PIItKMX.
NEW ECHOTA: JANUARY 27,1830.
The editor of the [Georgia] Athenian of
the 29th uk. after inserting a paragraph of
Col, M'Kenney's letter to us, which ap
peared sometime since in our pap«r, and
our reply to the same, remarks, "Thus it
is these red gentlemen of the west get on."
How would the editor of the Athenian
have us conduct ourselves? To tip our
hats, and make low obeisance to every
one who may take the liberty of misrepre
senting and slandering us, and ciy ail is
right when we are required to kiss the op
pressor's rod? Such humiliating submis
sion, and such acquiescence in the dicta
torial language of our opponents, and those
who have taken upon themselves the ialsS"
garb of friendship, would no doubt be con
sidered, by"a haughty Georgian, as befit
ting pour degraded Indians, whom, by
way of contempt, tne Athenian is pleased
to stile red gentlemen of the west. It is a
matter of rejoicing to the philanthropist
and the republican, there is as yet in A
merica, but one class of slaves. '1 hese red
men of the west are not yet slaves —their
judgment and freedom of speech are not
yet muzzled by some proud earthly master.
That they are not thus brought down to
the level of negro slaves, but rather that
they enjoy and exercise the right of speak
ing in their defence, and contradicting
misrepresentations which have been so
long imposed on the credulity of the pub
lic, is a cause of much chagrin to the £-
thenian and his brethren.
Are the common rules of right and jus
tice different when they are applied to an
Indian? We have always thought he
who affirms must prove What he asserts, or
stand convicted of falsehood, if he fails to
make his word good. Colt M'Kenney pub
licly asserted things we knew to be false f
U which,as in duty bound; we contradicted
and called upon him to prove. How would
a white man act under similar circum
stances? Certainly we have an equal
right te require evidkn.ee from any man
who misrepresents us—this right we have
►exercised and shall exercise, while we
have the liberty of speech, and while the
liberty of the press is extended alike to
the Indian and to the white man.
There was very good reason in the in
sinuation of the Athenian; that an Indian
ought net to contradict a white man, as
the reader will perceive from the follow
ing:
Holding all the proofs in their [red
gentlemen of the west]" own hands —
making it punishable by their laws
with a line of two hundred dollars
and a hundred lashes on the bare
back for any one of them to speak of
the sale of their property with a view
to emigration—compelling all who
have the least desire that way to
keep it to themselves, under pain of
the severest punishment for its pro
mulgation-and being on the spot with
the gag and the hickory in their hands
—they call loudly on those at a dis.
tance for proof and evidence.
No such thing. "We call loudly for
proof and evidence."
While we return our thanks to ouf cor
respondent W. for his list of Cherokee tens
es, we must apologize to him for the ap
parent neglect shown to his former com
munication. It was not intentional. We
earnestly hope he will still continue his
favors.
In our 37th number the following ques
tions were proposed by W. "Is it true
that the familiar form is used in the ab
sence of the person spoken of? Or dees it
rather imply an intention on the part of
the speaker that the person spoken of
should hear what is said l"
Ans. It is sometimes used in the absence
of the person spoken of, but it is used im
properly, for the form implies that the per
son spoken of should hear what is said .
Congress has done nothing of impor
tance as yet on Indian affairs. We no
tice that on the 4th inst. the memorial,
which our readers will find on our second
page; wks presented before tlfe Senate, by
Mr. Sanford, on whose motion it was re-,
ferred to the Committee on Indian a£
fairs.
Mr. Burnet moved that the mcmorit]
be printed.
Mr.. Forsyth called for the reading
of it.
The Secretary accordingly proceeded
to read the memorial to the House j and
had gone on for somt time, when Mr,
Beli. rose and objected to the further
reading of it.
Mr. Troop hoped the memorial would
be printed, if the reading of it was discon
tinuted^
Mr.. Bull said» h.i asked the discontinu
ance of the reading of the memorial mere
ly with a view to save the time of the Sen
ate.
Mr. Buknkt withdrew his motion to
print the memorial.
Mr. Forsyth tuen moved to discharge
the Committee from the further considera
tion of the memorial—which motion was
carried in the affirmative —tc 011 motion of
Mr. Fobsyth, the memorial was laid on
the table.
January 7th.
In the Senate, Mr. Forsyth offered the
following resolution.
liesuluea, That the Committee on
Indian Affairs be instructed to inquire
imo the expediency of modifying the
laws of the United Stales, for the reg
ulation of trade and intercourse with
the Indians, so as to exempt express
ly from ilieir operation, the territory
occupied by any- Indians within a
St; te, over whom, as tribes or indiv
iduals, the laws of a State have been
or may be extended by the Legisla
ture thereof.
THE JOURNAL OF HEALTH
By an Association of Fhysiciahs.
Prospectus.— For the information
of their medical brethren whose as/
tance they invoke, & of the public at
for whom the work is r ainly intended—•
the conductor* of the Journal of Healtlt
deem »t proper to sin e with brevity, the*
aim and »cope oi the efforts.
Deeply impressed with a b»li#f r thaf
mankind might be saved a liirgfc amoun?
of suffering and disease, by a suitable
knowledge of the natural laws to ivbichr
the human frame is subjected, they pro
pose laying down plain precepts, in ets/
sty le and familiar language, for the tegvw
lation ol all the physical agents necessary
to health, and to point oot under what
cumstances Of Excess or tfiisapplicatioct
they become injurious and fatal.
The properties of the Sir, in its several
states of iieat, coldness, dryness, thoisturn;
and eletcricity: the relative effects of tIK
different articles of solid and liquid ali
ment; the manner in which the locomotion
organ-, senses, and brain, are most bcn<s
ticially exercised, and how, and undrr
what circumstances, morbidly impressed
clothing, protection against atmospheric
al vicissitudes} and a cause of
when under the direction of absurd t'aslv
ions; bathing and frictions, and the
use of nuneial waters, —shali be prom-'
inent lepics (or inquiry and
gation in this Journal.
The modifying influence of climate Bn<f
localities; legislation, national and
rate; on health; a branch of study usually
designated by the teira Medical Policy
will furnish subjects fraught with instrae
tion, not less than amueing and curittf»
research.
I'iie value of dictie rules shall be cont fl
ually enforced, and the blessings cf tern-'
perance dwelt on, with emphasis proi»osi
ticnate to their high importance and df-'
plorable neglect. Physical
so momentous a question for the live: of
children, and happiness of parei tsj
shall be discussed in a spirit of impailia r-'
ty, and with the aid of all the data n iixtf
have befen furnished by enlightened ex*
penence.
The Journal of Healih will eh all 6Sta?
sions be found in opposition to
whether it be in the form ol nursery »'osj
sij), mendacious reports of nostrum makers
and venders, or recommendations of feverf
scientiflically compounded
without the special direction of a phygj:
cian the only competent judge, in the ins
dividual of disease under his care.
The prevention of diseases incidentally
arising out of the pr ictice of the .dif.cfcnf ,
professions; arts and trades, will te laid
down with clear-nets und precision, hot
»han the situation of (hose engaged iij nas
>al a" I .id military life, be overlooked in this
branch of the subject.
Divested of professional langnage an<l
details, and varied in iis contents, the Joiil*
uaj of Health will, it is jioped; engage t btf
attention and favour of the female rei(!*>n,
Vhose amusement and instiuction shall
constantly be kept in view during the pi o&
ecution of the work.
Terttu.—The Journal of Health win
appear in Numbers of 1G pagi-s each, oo
tavo, on the second and iourtli Weaned
day* of every month. Price per annunM
1j?1,25, in advance. Subscriptions *n«|
communications, (post paid) will be ivP
ceived by Jud.h L»obson-; Agent, No. I«SP
Chesnnt Street, Philadelphia.
PROPOSALS.
By the Pretident of Cumberland College*
For publishing, by subscription, a wce»ly
Newspaper at Princeton, Kentucky^
UNDER THI TITLE OF
THE RELIGIOUS Ai\D EITER*
ARY IiVTEEEIGEWCER,
A'i tliis season ol general excitement ia
the lehgious world, and when Chris*
lians of oilier denominations, animated
with a noble ardour and a most laudable
zeal, h%ve enlisted tire poweriul engine of
the press m the cause of the Redeemer, th#
Cumberland ficsbytenaris possess not a
single paper \i give an account of the re
vivals of religion amongst them, to defend,
the Chureh 01 Christ from the attacks of
infidelity and heresy, or to co-operate w.tbi
their Christian brethren 111 that gefieial
dillusion ofmoral illumination, by which
the present age is so much distiftguiisht
ed.
To remedy this d fitieftcy, the {"resid
ent cf Cumberland College submits to iuS
brethren and the public the present prcsJ*
pectus. His intention is by the disse n;iiv
atiou of religious lrtti'lligicnce, to produce
as much as in him lies the co-operation of
that branch Of tfte Church of Christ, with
which he is un.ted, in this most important
and most glorious enterprise. Y\ b.lirt
his primary object is to promote religion
and literature, yet the theory and practice
of agriculture is recommended to his no
tice, as well as by its intrinsic importance,
as by the circumstance of its lorniing a ths*
tinguishing feature of the institution, w th
which he is connected. A iarge portioil
of his labor will, therefore, be uirecied to
extend, improve and disseminate tlf6
Knowledge of't his art.
Commerce and Manufactures, eustai
relation to the welfare of our beloved coun
try too important to be neglected. TIM
reader may therefore expect to see them
frequently noticed.
A briet and comprehensive account of»
public atVairs. with a summary of the
news of the day» Kill be insert-"
ed \
To aid in defraying the necessary ex
penses of the establishment, a reasonably
ortion ofthe paper, (never to exceed one
ourth,) wiU be opened to advertisements.
'1 ne public are assured that this paper
shail be conducted in a epuit oi
candour and charity,
To prevent misirprpjf ntaticos, it may
be YPeUto-mention that the neat profits of
the paper, after paying expenses and a
lair compensation lor the labor ol editing*
will be appheu to iu« b.ng..l v>» (taubCC-
CoJJcge.

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