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Cherokee phoenix, and Indians' advocate. [volume] (New Echota [Ga.]) 1829-1834, March 10, 1830, Image 1

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fchei-okee Phaenix.
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C. F. M. New York.
It "'.'. A. 9. Eddy, fianandaigua, N. Y.
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taw Nation.
Ci William R.o3Eßtson, Augusta,
C ir: -u.
*' . James Tom, RMlcfonte, Via.
?*. 14 -O X ■
An Address by the Rev, C \lvix Cot.ton,
before th' Lv'.'Uin, Amherst, M is* —
'«ie!ivcrrd Jan, 5, 1830. .
* ; So I retained, and considered ail
{lie oppressions that are done uriden
the sin. And behold the tears of
su,'. -! i >,s were oppr.es's j d, and they Had
no 'o'nfortcr; and on the side of their
eppiessors there was power, but they
had no comforter.
I: s obvious that this subject must
iiwclve cc nsiderations of public fnid
ji: < a! character; and it is impossi
■ fcic to enter upon its discussion, u«i£h
ou' seeming, in some measure, to on
c • iv tne appropriate ground ofstates
m-) And indeed, the very genius of
ok government and Institutions sup
poses, that it will fnmetimc become
the spe ial duty of every citizen to
make himself acquainted with ques
tions of great national interest—that
lie may he able to discharge bis own
private responsibilities, as a member
pfthfl community. Judging that the
present condition and orospoets of (he
Indians within the jurisdiction and my
fler the prelection of tho U. States,
jink" a question of this sort. I have
consented to attempt it 3 discussion;
having fl"St satisfied mvself on this
point: that the question is not a ques
tion ot parti —or a question, on which
the Rrand political parties of the nation
divide, as such—hut a simple question
of ri%ht —the common cr .se of human
ity. There may be, "here is un
do ihtedlv a diTerence of opinion
but it is not a question of policin
the common sense of the term —leav-
in" u* a choice between two courses,!
both of which are right in tliemsel^s
hut one of which is better than the
oth»r. But i» : s a question of inor
-0!i»v —ofreligion- oetween light and;
wrong—to be decided by the iinmuta- j
bie and eternal priac ples| of justice;
and no citize;i of t1 ■ U.iit ed Stales,
who has ;; conscincc, can be indifferent
to thejesull. or fail to' share in the
It is a singular fact, that the In-
diiv s commonly so called —the Abori
gines of this country—the oriu,iiijl and
from time immemorial proprietors of
this vast continent—have become the
strangers in the midst of those, who
have supplanted lhein;-of those, who
fihst soijeitcd and received f.roni th;-.m
the rites-of .hospitality; of those, who
had themselves, not a few of them,
fled from a condition as grievous as
Egyptian bondage;—who were grate
ful to be allowed on any terms a small
space, a little tenantry, in this ivick
retreat from European turmoil an:
lordly vassalage. It is true, indeed,
that a portion of the first European!
settlements of North America, ins
made from a spirit of worldly and po
litical enterprise;—that the first o cu
paney of some of these grounds was
secured by ;.n assumed l i lit of dis
covery , under *he patio sat e of kings,
and the prescript and prerogative of!
royal charters; and that not a few of
(hose, who came thus armed from the
courts of princes, had the insolence to
d'sregard the cider and primeval
claims of those they found in the I
peaceful and heretofore undisputed j
possession of these ' shores. But the
world being a jnrv--(and et it he re
membered. the wc-rl' will' v> be jury '
of the question, t' 1 r finding
shall correspond with the <ec.re of
Heaven's chancery,) r the w Id, I
being a jury—no charters of kings, or j
force of.their arms coald annul the
sacked sight of the aboriginal tenants'
n the ii ot -lit > f--"h< -s. Ido not
s*-a!< - 'the is; t of discovery, for
yh;.-.L.wcrc: a mo'-i;i;rv. As if 1 l;jr an |
aet*iuenfbl™or CbvMTfP.'; • +ift in? «i
my eve on my i<fi.;hbo:'« rounds,
therr-lpv invested myself with the ri-lil
of his ei".-tmG!it.
So it* has happened, that the un
suspicious and gener-OHs India',), nn
' practised in the arts and forecasts of
civilized relinerrtopt. (which aro too
often tlie arts of knavery,), first tend
ered and discharged the rights of hos
pitality to iiis European visitants;—
nest gave them, in all good frith, a
piece of ground, and another, and
stii 1 another, until lite coasts of this
nsv world were lined with the Colon
ial establishments of European emi
grants. An J let it be observed—
that the first footb-g gained by Euro
peans on this soil a d every subse
quent a quisition. were by sufTerani e
of the natives, or by stipulation—not
by any inherent, or independent claim.
'Phis continent was theirs, riot Ours.
And a claim set up by the V jorigines
of I his country over Europe, • ;ny of
its districts, would have b •-•en ; q t iy
valid- as a laim created and asserted
on the other side of the Atlantic over
anv of these regions, fom whatever
authority it might have emanated, or
on whatever considerations it might
have been founded independent ef the
consent of the occupants. Neither,
in moral rectitude, con! 1 a bargain,
dictated by the superior sagacity of
Europeans over the ignorance of the
natives, give a fair and righteous ti
Rut by smTerar.co and by contract,
European settlements have been so
multiplied and extended in these re
gions. and their population so increas
ed.—the knowledge and arts of c ivil
fxed life have so prevailed over the
ignorarTe and consequent irrtbecility
of Ihe Indians, that they have gradual
ly resigned their territoiv. and them
selves dwindled away, (ill they have
become a weak and dependent peo
ple, and altogether At the mercf of
those, whom they first entertained
upon these fhores as guests, and
whom for ages they held in their pow
er. either to let live, or exterminate
And it should not be forgotfen, that
the means, by wh'< h the present lords
of this precioup heritage have gained
j ueh ascendency, have not in ail case"
i ave been perfectly fair. It is true
ndeed, that knowledge is power; arid
hat refinement placed by the side o
i barbarism, industry thriving agains
idleness, will soon lift tip itself on
j high, and wither and blast the slug
gish intellect, and tho unnerved arm,
! that might otherwise have been a
I superior. Such have been the influ
i onces of European cultivation, rnan
i ners, arts, and enterprise, over the
physical and moral vis-iwertiae of a
j savage population on this side of the.
Atlantic. And had the gradual as
cendency and ultimate domination of
the Europeans over the natives rested
alone on such a b: sis, there would
sieiri to be a righteous law in it, set
tled by the immul ble n I wise or
ders of Providence. EsiCciaJly
would it have been righteo s, if prop
er endeavors had b en made a I along
to improve ! c intellectual and mor
al condition of the natives, and thus
a chance given them of maintaining
their rights and securing their future
But it is too well known, that thf e
benevolent offices liaVe been vv!i h
hoiden, excepting only the self-eonse
cralion of here and there an individu
al, who has sacrificed his pnvcrs and
life for their good, such as an Elliott,
a May hew a Brainerd, and a Kirk
land. lint these exceptions have
been too rare for any permanent and
general impression, The Indians
have beer* abandoned to (heir igno
rance. And in the light of the iniel
leciual and moral superiorities of
their neighbors, lie in,"; left to compare
their own uncultivated condition with
their neighbors' refinements, and the
fruits of the one with the fruits of the
other—they have felt their ignoranee
they have shrfink back and settled
iowj), as if usder a cors' io'S debase
ment. Tile s:;!rt of higher and more
comiHabtlihg virtr.es—srt thot they,
ft'ho have been leputed, in autbwitii
story us in romauce, to have been no
ble, and generous. ,siid heroic —to have
developed suae of tire native virtues
in their softest forms, and their most
delicate hue—have, by a long suc
cession of ill-treatment by the Iwibit
nal indtthen c of the baser, passions
of jealousy resentment, and revenge,
become diffident, sullen, and drspe
ratq. Whatever of moral worth .and
of moral courage they once possessed,
meriting distinction, s< cm to have de
parted from them frrever; —except,
now and then, when rovsed for a
moment to tell the story of their
wrdngs occasional gleams and some
Mart-ling coruscations shoot across
their darkness, and then again die a
way into night.
.Fro-n the almost utter neglect of
; that intellectual and moral culture,
which we have owed them under that
law which forbids us !o do injury- to
our neighbor, the}' have sunk do>-. n in
discouragement, and into almost eve
ry species of moral debasement It
we.e morally impossible, that they
should hot rise or fall by such a con
tact: rise if wo had rendered unto
them onr obligations:—fall, as they
have done, by our delinquency
Seeking ftur own advantage in plant
ins; ourselves by their side, and coin
ing into the midst of them, we were
bound : n the first place, not to injure
them; —and next, to do them all the
good in onr power. Cut pursuing on
ly a negative course in relation to
them, not making them partakers of
our knowledge, and lefinements, and
arts, was and must be their inevitable
But «(• l>ave not only declined
these benevolent, and as appears, o
bligatory offices, in relation to the ab
origines,---but we have more Or less,
directly or indireefhr, abetted or em
ployed physical means for their de
struction. History too well attests,
(hat the mutual and destructive wars
of the Indian tribes, have been, in no
small degree, fomented or remotely
caused by thei white neighbors.
And often they have been challenged j
IE VOTED TO THE CAUSE OF IKMAKi- . ! til iKCT'I, II ,',t i .
10, ISS4J>.
or unnecessarily provoke to cm., mi
depredations on the European settle
ments, and thus draw 'down upon
themselves certain vengeance. And
an apology for hostilities, .;s if in self
defence, has not unfrcquently stretch
ed on! its prerogative, till it lias
grasped the sword of exterrhinaiion.
The imagination of tlie white man has
clothed the Indian, as the enemy-,
with all the terrors of a cannibal sav
age, and his treatment of him has
made hirn so. Me has sported with
the rudeness of his nature, and pro
voked his untamed ferocity to the niost
savage daring. Hence the rupture
of the first friendships, tlie breaking
of treaties, the perpetual enmities.'!
And hence the idea and name of sav r
c. e in the white man's vocabulary,
and that of spoiler in the Indi; n's.
For, is not he a spoiler to me, who
has driven me out, whether by strat
a em'i b.' violence, from the inheri
tance -ed raves of my ancestors?
And a spoiler too, as such another
cannot be natned.
But it has been nn .uneqiiiiiVoiifiict,
and the poor Indian has long since re
tired r.-ohl the lie[ii--his spirit broken
—iiis tribe ar.d nation ail 'but annihi
lated —a little Remnant, on!y, solicit
ing mercy ar.d protection of these
whom once they might have despised,
and whom tut for their hospitable and
generous disposition, they might have
driven into the sea. The Indian sees,
and knows, and.feels, that the white
man lias been his ruin. And siic'i is
the fact.
faincc-, however, tin? Indians have
censed to be a formidable enemy--
especially, since they have thrown
themselves, like children, into the
arms of our rulers for protection, the
g vernment of the United Slates has
established, in relation to them, a gen
erous policy, and extended over the.'
a parental core. Fiom t'lo moment
U:ey were seen to be a fallen people,
their glory departed, their tribe?
wasted, and their last inheritance,
the little territory left them by the
cupidity and overreaching of the
whites, fast dwindling away by the
same causes—the current of public
sympathy began to set in their favor.
Public opinion authorized anil denian-
ded the heads of a department in cur
government to ii'.stihile measures for
their present and future protection.
So long as our tciritoiial bottlers were
so wide, so long as our supremacy in
relation to the aboriiir.es was well
established, r.nd IxfoYr we had time
to liiirii-. that we should ever covet
even the small reservations allowec
by our decrees to these outcasts from
a land origh ally and iightjully
—.*»•> long a general sympathy a sense
of Justice, a public conscience gen
erously and promptly pledg< our
Government cfnd t|ie nation, cim -sec-
onded a 1! measures io secure and tie
fend- the remaining possessions and
the rights of our rpd brethren - . And
we have reason to suppose, (hat alj
measures, which have actually been
taken from lime to time, by Govern
ment and by -tbeii official Pvenis; for
these purposes, ha.ve been done sin-
cerely, in honesty, . in good faith
The contrary supposition wci.M be a
high impeachment, of the; moral integ
rity our fathers and of ourselves—
it would be a gross libel on the na
From the Western Intelligencer
The attention of the public Ho-vfiip
lately been elite ted to the sub
ject of transporting and opening the
Mai! on the Sabbath, and to the case
of the Cherokee and Creek Indians;
It was judged by the inhabitants of
Tallmadgft a matter of sufficient im
portance to call a meeting for the
specific object of petitioning Congress
relating to these two important sub
jects. Tlie meeting was held on
Tuesday tjte 19(h of Jan. instant, and
was Well attended. But one sentiment
pervaded t e whole assembly Al'e
vinced a laudable zeal in remember-
ing uie S -bvaiii <1.7 to hoejj i> , j
and in their honest e'ndeavors t. t->
j move the load of guilt, that pusses'
doivii tills nation, by authorizing a
breach of this holy day by Law. ° A
lively sympathy was als< manifested
in respect to a nation weak and de
fenceless, and but just emerging fiom
state et barbarity and heath nism,
whose rights are threatened to be an- 1
nihilated. A petition was then
praying Congress to reperl so
much of the law of the United Slates
rcspeciing the transportation and o-
I peeing el Mails, as authorizes th<j
| ranspoctatien and opening the ir.< V>rj
j tie Sabbath, which obtained a veijr
espectable number ofsignerj. Af
er a concise but lucid history of the
proceedings of Congress and the feia'o
of Georgia willi the nation of the
Cherokees was exhibited, a memo*
rial was drawn up.entreating Congress
to continue that friendly prole tion to
;.ie Cherokee nation, which former
treaties warrant them to claim
T is was signed by nearly an hundred
■ spectablc inhabitants, and the foi-
lowing resolutions, expressing the sen
timents of the meeting, were unanij
asosrsly pdopted.
1. Resolved, thai in as much as tliei
M-i.ee Indians have .been the | os
ssors and occupants' of the luu;-s
herfeon (hey now reside, from time
.ightful owners of the foil.
2. Resolved, thai in 9 much as
Mvy have never fallen under ;he
overntnent of any State -Or nation,
either by conquest or treaty, they are
:> all intents raid purposes an inde
pendent nation. ,
3. Resolved, as the sentiment of
!': s meeting, that to dispossess th i:r
of their lauds by oppressive in ens ■ s,
<i'!;ifr t!icy ere peaceably pu';Mnng
! I :cif several occupations, giving no
j t offence (o surrounding Str.cs,
'<! be an act of the htgWest jnj-igVi'
;' ice. '" s
Resolved, f.s (lie opinion of (Jiri
meeting, that ti-c article hi (he Cousti
tiv!) of tiiC United Stales, which
• ranters to eiu li Slate (lie preveu
' f-n of the existence of any independ
ent cQvernment within said State,
must relate to setting up government
in future, and cannot look back to that
"which was in existence when the
constitution was formed.
5. Wherefore resolved, ns the be
lief of tlrs meeting. tha< U.iyress will
have fully complied with the spirit of
h; consitution. and with t-ei cn
v, -smenls to the State.Tf Georrn '6
purchase the right of soil when th> f
shallhave used ihei utmost end a -
ois to purchase of the Cherokee*
their lands at a fair price.
""TaHraadgc, Jan •? d, \6SO
Public attention has been directed
lately in an especial manner in vt?ri«..us
parts of tha United States, to the | e
sent condition and future prospects of
those Indians residing upon and occu
pying lards within the chartered limits
of the respective States. Pi blio
meetings have been held in Hartford,
New York, Philadelphia, and perhaps
other places, (he objects of which are
to induce Congress to preserve the
good faith of the Union towards them,
and to render to them that security,
in the guarantee of the small remnant
of l?nd still left in their possession,
which the grasping disposition of 'heir
white brethren would Seem to render
We apprehend that (his Subject will
prove in (he sequel, one of more than
ordinary interest, and it already pre
sents numerous and increasing dirficuU
ties. No reasonable man acquainted
tv'th the subject, can for a moment be*
lieve that the government of the U.
.States will, in this enlightened and hii.
mane age, remove the Indians by fore©
thug expelling them from the ImiJ
of their fathers, and divest'np them of n
hirtli-rlglit given to them by the < od of
Nature They have from our •r\ prn»
uient the most solemn r,sstif&nce?J|fo
sro. *7.

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