OCR Interpretation

Cherokee phoenix, and Indians' advocate. [volume] (New Echota [Ga.]) 1829-1834, March 17, 1830, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83020874/1830-03-17/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

"V \
'in . I :k 9
VOL. 11.
jRTKINq wefkly by
At 02 50 if paid in advance, ftS in six
.fnonths, or £3 50 it' paid at tltc ciid of the
j l'o subscribers \vlio can read only the
tJhirokee language tlie price will be $2,00
in advance, or #2,50 to be paid within the
Every subscription will be considered a s
continued unless subscribers give notice to
Ih? contrary before the commencement of a
tjew year,and all arrearages paid,
Any person procuring six subscribers,
an 1 becoming responsible for the payment,
shall receive a seventh gratis.
Advertisements will be inserted at seven
ty-live cents per square for the first inser
tion, am' thirty-seven and a half cents for
each continuance; longer ones in propor
All letters addressed to the Edit °*
j,osl paid, will receive due attention.
Oivy 3 A V O~J> Jl) liJi JEtfiJ
VOAVXw).! TA-9iT> U-V" JliifßA^l
T<rz TEJUO-r 1
TCTZ Vl>P TdSO-A xc D9JrSJei-«) t I, kt
D?-4 (peJBJI P-4o?vI. tb yiv
ttvvyz VCvK Jh«h4<ny, Di4
kt.IZ i)|i s cpian
The following persons are authorized to
Jvtceive subscriptions aiid payments lor the
.Cherokee Phoenix.
.Messrs, Pr.iRCE & Williams, No. 20
Aiarket St. Boston, Mass.
George M. Tracv, Agent of the A. D
C. F. M. New York.
3tev. A. D. Eddy, Canandaigua, N. Y.
Thomas Hastings, Utica, N. Y.
Pollard &, Converse, Richmond, Va.
Rev. James Campbell, Beaufort, S. C.
AVilliam Moultrie lleid, Charleston,
3. C.
Cil. Gzorge Smith, Statesvjlle, A\ f . T.
Jeremiah Austii,, Mobile, Ala.
. Rev. Cyrus Kingsbury, Mayhew, Choc
fa w Nation.
Oapt, William Robertson, Augusta,
Col. James Turk, Bellefonte, Ala.
An Address by the Rev. Calvin Cilton
before the Lyceum. Amherst, Mass.—-
delivered Jan. 5, 1330.
From all the state papers and pub
lic documents, oh Indian. Affairs, the
following things are evident.
1. The proper national character of
the Indians has been from the begin
ning and uniformly recognized, in all
.our public negotiations with them.
2. Their origina. right in the soil
plains 1 and tenanted by them,
lias olso been uniformly recognized,
by tlie same authorities.
3. Those negotiations between our
Government and the Indians appear to
have been, and no doubt Were, sin
cere, in all good faith; —and (licit too
according to the common understaiid
ing of international correspondence.
4. Inasmuch as reports !iad been
circulated to the disquietude of the
Indians—that the United States, in
these negotiations, were only acting
the part of a mother quieting and lull
ing her child with false promises—re
newed negotiations Hiive been entered <
into exprewly to allay these anJietW, j
and to give the iftost solemn assu
rances of the good faith of the na- j
floU . : I
5. All our public parliamentary and
judicial constructions of these nego-;
tiations a.ccord only with the suppo
sition of their ftftenfn and billing char-,
Acter. .
6. These negotiations, Uv any fair
construction, secure to the Indians alt
that thev ask; —although justice, ami
ft eerierosity in us towards (hem equal
to that which they have sliown to us
would allow them qreritly—vastly in
excess of these slipulations.
So" much for thf? fair and honorable
course pursued hy our Government
and iljis nation, in relation to the In
dians. The jnoJTent thoy vfew
thrown into a condition of dependence,
so as to be seen and felt, not only by
themselves but by us, a sense of just
ice thrilled through the common pui
sntions of the nation; they were taken
under protection; their native aiiu
proper rights, as a distinct people, as
the prinjeval tenaiits and original pro
prietors of llio soil they occupied,
! were recognized, by the most formal
& solemn instruments of international
negotiations. All the points nt which
their rights were exposed to invasion,
on account of their peculiar condition
and relation of dependence, were an
ticipated and guarded in the most sol
-1 emn manner. Our own Government,
as a party in these negotiations, fore
seeing that power would be on one
side, and that occasions of injustice
and oppression might naturally arise
—seem to have been unwilling to!
trust themselves, or their successors,
or the nation—without setting Tip the
most effectual barriers at all points
for the future protection and defence
of Indian rights. Solar, tlibrfore, as
the earliest, a continued & almost un
intr tupteid negotiations by formal and
solemn international treaties may go
—the rights of the aborigines of this
country, in anil over the territories
defined to them, and in all respects,
Have been fully acknowledged and
well defended.
But, as was anticipated —or at
least apprehended—tlie unexampled
prosperity of this nation, the rapid in
; crease of population, spreading out
their tents over the unoccupied terri
tories—the growing and almost ovei
! whelming spirit of enterprise, which
i allows itself to be impeded by no phy
sical barrier—the all-absorbing cu
pidity oflancte and of jvealth. the col
lision of individual and sectional inter
; csls —orid other causes akin to these,
and acting in conjunction with tliehi
—have been gradually and indirectly,
though not less certainly, operating,
in their great public relations and in
fluences, to swallow i!p. and over
[ wiielm the territories and rights of the
Indians. Not only have individual
j persons, and associations, and corpo
rations, practised on the simplicity
and ignorance of the natives, over
i reaching them, and bargaining Fro til
I them by the most unfair means and
j fol' most uimQrthv considerations,
piece by piece, their 1 litle remaining
territories;--but, I am mortified, •
I grieve to say, that, in some instances,
our state and national authorities have
sacrificed their dignity to avarice,
their honor to cupidity, by conniving
at and creating facilities for these ve
(ry operations; and themselves, have
become parlies in bargains, which con
template the ultimate displacement
; and entirp removal of the Indians from
I all their territqries on this side of the
I Mississippi. And tlje infatuation of
lust—lust of wealth and power, I
niean—r-luet of territory, Such as in sa
cred history coveted Naboth's vine
yard—this species of infatuation lias
to strangely & to such an extent poss
essed the minds of interested persons
! and interested authorities—-that it has
| been gravely and solemnly declared,
iri parlipjeotary assembly, that the
force, which shall expel the Indians
from their present possessions, if ne
cessary jo be employed, becomes
right. , Force gives right.'-and in such
an application!, Vi bo had been will-
Ihgglbiive, and be obliged to hear
with patience 3ueh a declaration—
that force gives right, a declaration
coniirig out from a legislative hall,
and reporting itself thron-.h the galle
riej made Ijy, lliejJA* heavens!--these
heavens, which once,looked down up
on a mighty, bloody, and long pro
tracted conflict, scattering its desola
tions over these sacrcff plains, that it
might redeem them forever from the i
pollutions and blighting cllrSj of such i
a sentiment in power. Ford gives i
right!—l am not bound to give the i
argument, or to state the protended j I
qualifying circumstances, in view of <
which this declaration was made, so M
long as it was made lor such a pur-|<
3<fJ®TJ CX'e®,
j pose. No circumstances can qualify
it. And yet the argument was no
j more and no less thah this:—That
ji he discovery of this new world, and
I its particular parts, by Europeans
gave to them the right of possession!
! \ d that Europeans have ever recog
jnized this right! Monstrous! —In-
sulting!— 'Tel! it hot in Gath."—
Publish it not to the world—that si.ii li
an argument was gravely made out
and solemnly reported by a commit
tee, to a legislative assembly of this
j eon federate Republic, and by that as
sembly approved and adopted, for the
implied—nay—for tho express pur
pose of an apology for expelling the
Indians by force from their rightful
Admit that it woljld be best for all
lie Indians logo beyond the last cab
n of the white man, if themselves
re willing. And even that is a ques
ion not easily sfettled-and which has
lever been decided in the affirmative,
■xeept by those,, who, coveting their
ands, have resolved they shall gb.*
But so long as tlicy are unwilling, it
•an never be best, either for them or
or us. The moment you interfere
villi the natural rights of inan, and
■villi bis acknowledged civil rights, &
ell him oy force: You shall do this,
3r you shan't do that—you lay a con
straint r upon bis nature, which lie
The time has ceine, (lie crisis has lv '" Not endure, and lor exem|ilion
irrived,, when the fate of the Indians ''•° m which, rivers of blood have been
vithin the boundaries of the United slletl - It is with us a famed, a ven
ules is to be decided. Tin; public «rpble, and sacred declaration—and
•pinion and voice of th..- iwtiim exist on account of the circumstances un
iuavoiiiably approach ;h.• •••'. tier which it vvya first itiid solemnly
md let it forever at relst, in a very ' nade nn( ' published to the world, it
■hort period!'— Whether the in :h of a/m-famed declaration:—"That all
his nation, oiice— so long time—| men are created equal:-that they are
uul in so many solemn four." jiledg-I en .dowed by their Creator with cei:-
:d to the Indians, shall be im.e.Uaiued ' tain e laiieimblo i i;:lits—am\ng which
liviolate—or whether they s!|all be ! '° liberty, and the puisuit of
ibandoped to the mercy of those, who ; happiness.' O tl:i-1 the prinriplcs
inve already sold their rights for mo-1 " le : holy and sacred principles, in
icy and decreed them outlaws?— Yes j vo,vc<l I hi* declaration, might
—ovtUtics—unless they set their j touch and tin ill o\ ery pulsation of the
nouths forever to the tory of their children of those who made it, when
' :o::gs, and fly away to unknown and 'hcv come to dc nle or. lie destiny or
mexplored regnns. A pubiic lepis- ! *'■ Indians, rr • :,e>. t: ; ••. Is
alive enactment of one of the i'es j'' a!:f l e moeken r i>.»i tb-.i !'• is
iHhis Union, has already passed sen- declaration is publicly renewed and
euce on one of the most respectable : adopted as a solemn eoveuaiit once
if the Indian crceing—ly« a l lj .V this nation, throughout nil
hat "all laws, usages, wild customs their tribes.—o9 the -Ith of July ?
•Kdc. established and in force by the) N , cannot/orce the Indian to
aid Indians''; that is, within the I quit the inheritance of his fathers,
'graphical limits of that Stale, sh .ll ! a J , vl ln . ke , |im ~ Y ou , lk
»e null and void on and after the first aIK , „ 0l b[> ll( i J of a vlo)alio( , ol
une 1830; and that 'no Indians, or rig))t , which would bb the political
iesccudanl ol Indian-shall be a com- damnation of any people. The thin
.etent witness, or a party to any suit, [)roposed , ifc: by force, is tlu
11 any court created by the const,tu- nlost,-tho V< ry last prerogative o
joii or laws of the state. Not only oppression: to expatriate a man-t,
shipped of their own laws but banish, to drive bin. forever from hi:
brown out from the protection of all! ho|nc< a|a , , bat (oo < vhhout e .
law!-mayno bea party toa suit m tcxt of offclK . e . That 0j
any couit—not even a )v.lnes S !-ex- | <;hich takcs i ife , so f aP asthepresen
eppt m such cases as the Court in Mn(c is ( . 011tenlbtl , bri , lhc ' i|ljur ,
then grac.ousnesS will allow. bfils hand ton eonsiiihmalion.-fini he
Well may the world inquire the
occasion ol this outrage. A d what
is the answer?— Why this is it:—-
Tits General Government for a con
sideration already realized, have eov-
enantcd with tliis state government,
that they will buy out the Indians
within their bounds, as soon as they
can, and coiiveV their lands to the
state But the Indians, the third
party, refusing to sell, as they have
the undoubted right,-arc iioiv to he
forcTdl by siich means. And the pres
ent posture of our national authori
ties, in relation to this affair top plain
ly indicates a disposition to allow, End
the statu concerned are manifestly
ready to execute this forcible eject
ment. In other words—the faith of
the nation is to be broken, and the In
dians arc to be sacrificed. And on
this single altar; simultaneously W ; ifi
bleed and burn the hopes of every In-
dians within the boundaries of the U-
nitcd Slates—all his liopes, \ , \!iich
make life dear and precious—nnicsS a
publte sentiment can be roused and
organized thronliout (he nation, thai
shall roll hack this tide of ruin, which
at this moment threatens to sweep
from the (and the habitation anil (he
name of Indians.
, Let Hot Oilr judgment, or (iic In
dian's hehrt, be insulted oy this pita
that the course dictated by this policy
will be better for the Indian. Tin's
nrgurh'eiit (lie Indian will consider at
his own leisure, lie lias already con
sidered it, and come to his conclu-
And it is remarkable, that
those onlv, who covet his land are n
nited in this advice. But justice goes
before counsel. And shall advice
come trampling over her, and effect
to whisper words of consolation in her
cars, or strive-to atono h'er »leening
vengeance, by telling lioi* that her fall
is best for those in whose defence she
tlieui. But eject a man forever from
his home—undoyiestioate, unmake
him—and you doom him to a sense of
jnjury, which he can never forget---
lyliich IlefivCli will re/Wtnibfci- to re-
* The Qjjn actually proposed for the re
moval, location, and subsequent treatment
of the Indians, eo iar as it hail been dis
closed by its authors, can be accounted for
only I>y (lie desperate necessity bftk-viyjig
unci specifying soinethiiik to incet the exi
gency. 'X'he present condition anil rela
tions of the Indians are sufficiently embar
rassing and anomalous—without precedent,
or law—except the law of treaty, which on
all hands is allowed to be supreme, liut
remove iljeinj under the proposed project';
and there is. nothing Utopian vision, but
would lie sobriety in comparison. It would
be a furious launching forth into the opean
of experiment, of uncertainty, utterly be
yond sight and lL'tnclnbrance of law" and
precedent—an cnCtrprise, fronted with the
darkest and most ominous presages, so far
as the well-being, and even the existence
oftho Indians is concerned.
Cherokecs.—The last Cherokee
Phoenix contains the memorial of (he
Cherokee* to Congress, praying for
protection in their fights, against (he
encroachments' of Georgia. The
memorial was written in Cherokee.
It lias already been signed by three
thousand Cherokces, and sent on to
Washington. •It is still circulating in
the nation. The editor of the Phoe
nix says, this affords 'a most positive
and practical answer,' to the asser
tions of Col. MKenney, thai there is
a disposition among the Cherokecs to
Some of our readers may think Hint
three thousand is only a small part of the
Cherokee nation. " A, writer in the
last New-Lnglaud lie view, among
-■—... \
oilier strange statements respecting
the Cherokees,, says, there are about
sixty thousand of them. If it is so,
tliiee thousand is only a fragment q|*
(lie nation. If it is so, they are much
more formidable people than wp had
supposed. There might be some
cause of alarm, perhaps, among thg
Georgians. The writer does not tel!
us what his source of information is.
As, however, he says, the remark of
WiHiam Penn that -a majority of the
Cherokees can read their native larii
j gunge,' 'cannot be true/yve must sup
: ]iose he had good data before hifri,
when he made llie statement. Ac
cording to documents published b*
order of Uie War Department, in
18„0, the number ot Cherokees ih
Georgia, Alabama and Tennessee,
was then nine, thousand. The state
menu of William Penn rfeferred to
the Cherokees in these limits, or rath
er to the live thousand Cherokees in
Georgia. The statements of the
writer in the Review must i-elato,
then, to the same. But if we include
the six thousand Cherokees in Al kali*
|sas Territory'it will make only fif
teen thousand of the iyholc race. I'f
they now number sixty thousand, the
rale of increase since 182G, is unex
ampled. Havß.jifit only
Penn, and Mr, M'Coy, and all the
missionaripj joined to deceive us-'lt
but has the 'War Department'— has
the General Goverpjiicrit, Joined in
the deception? Justice to die cause
0/ .Missions,perhaps,lequircs. an exam -
ination of some of th'fe. other Stnfi?.
ments of this writer, in his last ni m»
ber.—But the documents called for
in I lie Senate, will soon be. made. pub-,
lie, and they will spttlfc the dispute
about ihc Chbrokee civilization.
Connecticut Observer
How to I rent wi'th \j,'t buttons.—Tfs
following is from the instructions of
(he Secretary of War, to the secret
agents appointed to persuade the
Southern Ttalions to remove beyond
the Mississippi. We are often (old
that the f nil ions are anxious to tt ! »
move, but are prevented by theli
chiefs. Can any one after reafliflg
these instructions, think the Secreta
ry o! War believes so? If he does
üby is he so fearful of a 'general
councili be chiefs, however. ni;jy
bo bi ibed-f-nntl thtri the way to tho
West will be open to tho Indians,
po if Great Britain could have bnbeff
Washing! on, anil Jefferson, and Ad
ams, and others of our 'influential:
men,' she might hSvo contrived (o
keep (his country in subjection a lit
tle longer. But, our'influential men 1
were above such paltry considerations
—and we hope those of tlje Southerd
Indians will be.— Cvnri. Obs.
"Nothing is more certain than that
it (lie eliiels, and influential niei)
could be brought into the measure,
I (lie rest wojild implicitly follow.
It becomes therefore, a matter of
necessity, if the General Government
would benefit these people, that (It
move upon them in line of UiCir own.
prejudices; and, by tiic adoption of
proper means, break the powef;
that is warring against their best in*
(crests. The qucsiio.n is Jioyv cat;
ibis be done? Not, it s believed,
| lor (lie reasonsjsuggested by (he means
of a general council. There tber
would be awakened to all 1 he|in<imitl
r.tions - bich those who are op.posed to
their e .change of couniry might
throw out; and the consequence
would be—that it has been—a fir in
refusal to acquiesce. The best resort
is be'ii'ved to be that which is env
br; ced in appeals to the chiefs aiii
influential Jmen —not together, Lut a
port fit their oten houses; and by a proji-
Jcr exposition of their real condition,,
rouse them to thiijk upon that; whilst
offers to them of entendre reservations in
fee simple, and other rewards, would,
it is hoped, result in obtaining their
acquiescence. This had, their pea*
pie. as a body, it is believed, woutif
gladly gq.'? ■
NO. 47.

xml | txt