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Cherokee phoenix, and Indians' advocate. [volume] (New Echota [Ga.]) 1829-1834, March 24, 1830, Image 1

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VOX.. 11. NEW WC&FZSSJMiY IvIiLHCH 24 1330. ■ Na '/ .
' I I ■ "I '■ - V-'.V.W . s J - ,■ r. 01. a=«a»_....
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Jt3» VII letters addressed to the Edit ®
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to ivy u.tuo-J .id ii s i isc. s .t.
yojsj H4JS.I. d».i«i»ez tb yw
o*yAT d$P (pojna
fttvyz o»gjr v/f.v d»~i
KT.IZ DOP o«y>V» 0>J.13 ;
The following persons are authorized to j
fceeive subscriptions and payments for the ,
..Cherokee Phoenix.
Messrs. Peircs & Williams, No. 20
Mai '-et Si, Boston, Mass.
M. Tracy, Affeat of the A. B.
C. F. M. N--w York.
U"v. A. D. Eddy, Canandai«t«a, N. Y.
Thomas Hastincs, Utica, N. Y.
Po t jL vrd St Conveksb, K climon l, Ya.
R'v. Jasies Campbell, Beaufort* S. C.
William Moultrie Ksid, Charleston,
JS. C.
• Col. George Smith, Statosviile, W. T.
(skemiah Austil, Mobile. A'.a.
Rs>v. Cyrus Kingsbury, May hew, Choc-
Ca;>t. William Roiiektson, Augusta, ;
Col. James Turk, B -d-!onte, Ala.
± ' I2?D?A?ra
. An Address by the Rev. Calvim Colton
b3fore the Lvcedm. Amherst, Mass.—
delivered Jan. 5, 1830.
It is said, moreover, and t lugh
authority ;-Tiiat the Indians are • n
jz mg independent forms of govo.n
n> at, in the bosom of Confederate
■S tcs, in violation of the constitution
'o/tiie United Slates.
'»Ve are glad to hear, that the In-!
d ; as are making improvements. We
jjbi l " ve it. Some of them, especial- j
-|y io nati n of Cherokees, have re
.duced to habitual and general prac- j
tioe f the most useful and most im-1
•*p,! tant arts of civilization. They
are now actually creating a literature
of (heir o:vn— throwing their language
•in'o books. They have men of edtiea- j
J tion & refinement, fit for ariy'.so'iety, !
thpt our country can hoist of, & who
jvouM do Honor to any nation. They
jhtve schools and Christian ordinances
jn the mi'lst of them. They are eve
ry day becoming more and more in
love with learning and with the Chris
tian religion In a word, their rapid
advancement and successful attain
ments in the arts of civilization and
'refinement, in learning-, j:id in reli
gion,—in the organization and actual
operation of a regular civil govern-!
ment, modelled after our own forms,;
.—have settled at least one
That that they are capable of civiliza
tion—the denial of ivhich has hereto
fore operated greatly to their disad
vantage. And what benevolent and
kind heart would not rejoice and con
gratulate the world on the success of
this most interesting and important
B'it, forsooth, this improvement of
the poor Indian is a violation of the
fun I amenta! principles of our general
gov.irnm-nt! —and an invasion of the
>fi Ms of the governments!—Go,
s>n l t**ll the Indian, if ho must be told
tliat all our Government meant by j
11 the prouttse of protection, was so lo
j invade Aim, as to force him to live j
and die a savage, and thus ensure the
extinction of his race! The general!
government of the States afraid o: i
the Indians!—really afraid, and a-1
| larmed! because they have made some j
little improvement—an:! because,
' at the re 'omaif iidction of Mr. Jeffer
son, one of the Presidents of the Uni-1
tod States, they have reduced their i
self-government to a form! What
ever may be the Constitution of the
United States, and the confedera- {
c ; es—one tiling is certain: They ail j
come afier the rights of the Indian.
But the constitution of the United
; States, Art. G, reads thus; '-All trea-1
; ties made under the authority of the
United States, shall It t\t suprcrnt |
1 law of the land And the jndges «ti (
j every State shall he bound thereby, I
any tiling in the laws or constitution;
of any state to the contrary not with- J
'standing." And will any one pre-;
suine to say that the treaties, made
and existing between the United
States and the Indian nations, do not !
come under this .neat and fundament- j
al law of the I and'-And is not every ;
State bound by this law—"its own
I laws, or constitution to the Contrary
| notwithstanding?"
i But it is saii, (he constitution ofj
the United States nlso declares: "Noj
new state shall be formed or erected
j within the jurisdiction of any othar
1 state." True. flm an Indian na
tion, governing itseli', is not a --S;«/e,"
in the sense of a in inber of the Cou
federtcy, which fei'ftry one is
the 'J :■« ■ ohstit mo™ Anffj
fart!i ■■ ■ is not a net" state—hot a
govermn nt, which existed before and
when the eonstitution was made *
adopted, and has existed ever si
. ■ therefore cannot be contemjdat
ed n r excluded by that rule. It rc
! main.s, Iherefore, under the protc- I
i . , i
tion of treaties, and of the csnstilurj
i oi) - ,
Although 1 do not choose to say, i
ih t the ntw notion of a new state, i:i |
t ie bosom of other siates, as applied
to the recent improvement of (lie In»;
l dians id their government is all a 1
pretext—the violent working iiji of
, an apology to disinherit the Indians—
! yet i will say. and every body'will
believa me, that no one really /cars
the I lid i lis, or is alarmed at their im
provements. And if any man should
confess such alarm-he would deserve
well to be told: It is b isc and wi. k
. ed. But there is neither ground, noi
i indication of such fear, from any ,
(jnarter. No one believes, that the
Indians ever thought, much less in
tended to do any thing that should be
I complained of by the whites—in the
improvement they have made. They
expected to be congratulated by ail
good feeling, (as indeed we trust they ,
are.) inasmuch as ail has been done
under the speci.ll protection of our
general government, and the open and
direct recommendation of the Presi
dent ofthe United States. If they
have offended, let it be? shown, and
t.liey will doubtless correct them
selves. Their offence, surely, can
not consist in governing themselves,
und»r such restrictions as have been
mutually agreed upon. In this th.iy
have been promised protection for
ever. Nor should we suppose it
1 could consist in reducing their govern
ment to such forms, as might corres
pond with their state of improve
ment. What then is their offence?
Why, we want their land. They arc
in the way. And we must have a
pretext for ejecting them. And be
hold!—there is an infraction of the
eonstitu'ion, just discovered! They
arc setting up an independent govern
There are doubtless peculiarities,
and even anomalies, in the relations of
the Indian nations to our government —
such of thpin as have put themselves
and been received under its protec
tion. And if would be well, perhaps,
for the proner authorities to deiine
I those relations—assuming, as a basis, i
- J ;
the treaties ,-nd agreeing; ts made be
tween them and the government
That the Indians are in the strict and
unqualified sense indepem end, none
ci.n pretend. They have voluntarily
relinquished certain prerogatives of
independence for the adv.'.n a es of
protection. But all the common (it
tributes of sovereignty in a pf:ple ,
which they have-not tlfts relinquished,
are theirs, not only by origin: I right,
but by a special securities of treaty.
And o.ie of these riubis, beyond all
question, is that of self-government.
But it v il! of course be understood,
that tbey arc bound to goverii them
selves in conformity to the constitu
tion and laws of the United Stales.
I confess I cannot see how, that in
the progress of hftpro 1 . iMiient. the re
duction of their iioveniment to'form
should subject them to the penally ol
having it taken away. They bat •
always governed themselves The
government of the Un'Hed States have
solemnly guarantied them this privi
lege. And now they cul'j gove: .
themselves. AVhat is their ofi'ence?
\V!iv—this is it; We waul their
The Indians setting up an inder
pendent government ? Making insur
rection? Bidding defiance to the na
tion? Invading the rights of stale
sovereignties, &e. &c.? Whenever
this nation can in conscience accuse
them of these niisdem nors, then
let them make w: upon tlici: exist
ence. There uld be at.leak a
pretext. But i take upon nie to say
—— tbat thi I :an ai.noi . i- .the.
mo'',t nnoei'nding'anll stilmr -crea
tine in. he world. Hear him speak
i-i • ply to government, advising by
agent to sell their lands, and go
-.tv —first, in digliili. d tone assert
iug his rights, and then c.vi: essiiig bis
anxiety : iid Submission: do not
w isli to sell our land and remove.
This land our great Father above
».'Oi e.«. We stand on it. Wo stood
on it before the while men came tb
the edge of I lie American land. Yt'e
sit on it still. It belongs to no one
in any place but to ourselves. Oar
laud is not borrowed land. White
men came and sat down here and
there and all around us. When thev
bav;. wished fo buy land of us, we
have h d rood counsels together.
The while men always said: "-'The
land is yours—it is yours—it is
yours. We have always been true
friends to the American people. VV'e
have not spoiled the least thing be
longing to an American. Although it
has been thus—mioio a very different
talk is sent to us. We are told that,
the white man is about lo bring his
laws over us: Wc arc distressed.
We-the chief and the beloved men of
this natiotl aae distressed Our hands
are not strong. We are small people.
Wc dp not know much. The while
man has strong arms, ipany warriors,
anil much knowledge. He iu about
to lay his laws upon us. )Ve are
' Col. Ward knows, that we have
just begun to build new houses, and
make new fields, and to purchase i
ron, and to set up blacksmiths'; bops.
We have begun to make axes, hoes,
and ploughs. We have some schools.
W'e have begun to learn, and we have
aNo begun to embiace tlit Gospel.
We are like an infant, just begun to
walk. So -it is with us. We have
just begun to rise and go. And our
great Father, who sits in the
white house, looking this way, says lo
us:--Unless you 2,0 yonder (to the
West) the white man will bring his
laws over you. We do not say, (bat
his words are lies. We think they
are true, and we respect them as sa
cred. But we are distressed- O
that our great Father would love us.
0 that Col. Ward would love us. 0
that the white man would love us."
"The American people say. that
they love liberty. They talk much
about it. They boast of their own
liberty. v Vhy will they take it from
the red man? Here we have lived
:anil here we wis! l , lo live. Cut uha f
j evei the white man v. ishes to do wish I
l's. !;;■ will do. If he will us to stay
hc.t —we shall stay. If he will us
to ;; —we shall go,"
O.y. !io would not take this man in
to I; ai ms, and love hint with tears?
Wh*., w-uld not pledge his -fortune j
land lift- {'• :• such a spirit? Who
fvould t vmpathize with such a
persei id. unoffending, submissive,
childlike peo.de?
[To .jr: Cor.cLL'Di.p.]
j the National Journal. •
llo'L'SK Oi Ilr.l ! lil.si.KTATlVES.
I-- ;.:,«r> h 1, 1820.
Mr. Btirgcs- presented a ineniorial
from the j«-ar!\ tiMvimg of the Sceie
t>;oJ J. ioids in J\'cu- England. Mr. 13.
move i lo have it referred to tile same
'Committee oi the Whole'to which
was referred the rejiort of the Com
mi tee on Indian A ft"; irs, and to have j
it printed. The question lias d;vid
i cd, and.on motion lo print a very r.ni-j
j mated debate arose
j Of the com insure merit of the de
bate, in"!tiding a fev remark# from i
.Messrs. Ihirnts, 'i'hompmr, llubiam, I
Chill'M • rid Wkiillese.j. it is not it) our.
i power to give a report- In reply toi
Mr. h'vUkfci,. who '.-.id referred to ;
*he ceu.se: • uisuefl ' iriiig the session
|of !3~8, vrji'■ . rd to memorials
■■ fro - i' South < tu-'.-itiia and Georgia on
the f-'.••• i T.!i lif, which me
mo -ij!_f red and printed with
j •'ffit W.i'imig for the report tf a Com
j Mr. Tuoniptcn of Georgia asked
!if there was no son;-, difleruice be- .
I Uveen the cln'ims c: ihe present Ad
ministration r«! ;Hose of (he Inst. —
The Presided was elected by a larg<
majority; be was looked up lo tor!
renovation, and such an one as should
secure to the people their legitimate j
rights. The gentlemen from Ohio,
(Mr. Whittlesey,) had said that (lie
Tariff memorials of South Carolina
and Gcofgia were r-dntcd at tlie ex
pense of (lie government, and the
Southern gentleman made no obje:-
j lion to tin' expense. Had the genlle
; man forgotten thai memorials from :
| the manufacturing districts were '
printed also? The gentleman should :
j remember (hat the system there fore- I
' ed upon us. (oo!: money from the pock- 1
ets of the Southern people without :
j their ctmspnt, and put it into the-pock- '
els of llie people of the Northeast, 1
without returning to the Southern '
1 people an equivalent. He remem- '
liered the (namtrfolh petition Upon that '
subject, which was rolled into the '
House from Boston. He had 1-cen j
told by a respectable gentleman from 1
New England, that one, or t'o- t some 1
of the signers of (hat. memorial had j'
just imported 1,700,000 pounds ster
ling worth of foreign goods. \\ ith
raped tb the printing of the present
memorial, he repeated now what he
said before, that it was unnecessary
lo print it. for the vanity of the au
thoi s, if nothing else, would induce
them to publish it. Hp thought the
printing would be a useless expense
of the public treasure. If (here was
more information" upon (his subject
before the people, it would appear
that in somp of these intermeddling
memorials Georgia has been wantonly
aspersed, and that the claims of Geor
gia are founded in justice, and'nojhing
-but sheer justice.
Mr. Hates made a few remarks in
reply, in which he said (he (ime spi'fit
in the discussion of this motion Was
worth twenty times told more than
the printing How did Iho gentleman
from Georgia know that (he vanity of
the Quakers would induce thein to
publish (his document? He appro
bended the meeting and the memorial
ists were influenced by very different
motives. Mr. B. referred to the
course which had been pursued du
ring (he session by the gentleman from
Georgia. Hardly a memorial had
been presented upon tins subject uu
jit must lie one clay upon the tabic—
one day for those gentlemen to inspect
it, before it was referred to Uio Com
mittee. Dut when the Comir.Ui.ee
made their report, 110 delay ,vv;:s >l
- They called ior the printing,
I and there inust be no delay—not a
moment. The reading of it. o,
was denied; and the printing oi :cn
thousand copies was ordered wis. out
our knowing any thing about the c.on
(ents. But now, v, hen a memorial
came from the other side, and we ask
ed for the printing of if, aiso, the gen
tlemen object to it. Ob!*its very
expensive! its altogether useless! ,l!e
hoped the memorial would be printed.
Mr. Hurges said he was refresh 4
and invigorated when lie found no ar»
guments offered against the >pri..ling
but such as uxre offered. It would
cost too much to print one and n half
octavo pages for two hundred and six
j teei: members to read, because il the
I House did ik l print it x the vanity of
the N E Quakers would induce thcrt»
jlo pui;lis!)-it themselves"! He did not
I wom|er, a;;-, ■ i. 'declaration that
I the gcn!{em"->;; !i :ti Georgia had s..n-
I pc'sed the New \ ork memorial era; uy
! ated • from an accidental assem -q
i:i a grog shop." Tire'gentleman
1 seemed to suppose tint- no one wo .!d'
j be induced to "wiite such a tiling imu
he wished it printed- lie ceuia in
form the gentleman that it was n. Ati
| extraordinary thing for a man in New
I Engl'ancf to know Ijow to writ.- ft
i would not be wonderful if a iabou: nig
man, after his week's work wasdo„e,
should v rite r.sgood English-on. Sa urj
day afternoon', as a committee ol fT;o
House. When the gentlemen ohje '3
to the printing 011 account ef the ex-,
|pense. I believe that to be his real mo
tive '! t because lam bcuud by cour
tesy to bi iieVe it. but he cause 1 l.nowf
1 lie penjleman. ' But the por.j.lfe v.'ill
believe 110 such tiling. The poo: !ij
will say that the gentleman must be
mistaken as to his motive. We ! . ve.
the charity to believe that he is mis
T!.? other objection which lias been
urged against the pi idling of this do* ;i
--meiit. is more extrajirdmart' stiil It
is not extraordinary that tire- Heusa
should shudder at incurring an expense
of live dollars in printing, but il vvai
a little wonderful that a New. England
gentleman (.Mr. Hubbard; should get
up in his place and say the memorial
should net be printed IcSt it sbcnld')'&-
i fleet on llie report of the committee
i on Indian Affairs; lest it should reflect
!on Report which he had ■ 110f ve d,
and with the contents of u hish he s
not.acquainted! Who ever said it
fleeted upcit thai report? In the
name of all that is merciful, pure or
intelligent, who suggested it? No
one. It has n'eft been.mentioned. Our
object is to obtain contrary views,
opinions, and arguments, to read, coir
! late atfd ■ compare them. Who ever
before deemed that receiving a m(»
.: morial was reflecting upon the report
of a committee? But .perhaps the
gen(lemrn from New Hampshire (Mr.
, Hubbard) meant a sort of logical re
flection; as if beeSuse the committee
, has published a report: if we subse
t|uently receive a paper containing
different views, it indicates that the
House thinks the committee ' as not
1 gone exactly right.
We are told by the gentleman from
I Georgia (Mr. Thompsou)as if to ;; no
tify (he opposition to this motion, that
I the things done under the last Admin
istration are not to be looked to as
t precedents -for what we shall do un
der this. He seeias to say that be
cause Gen. Jackson was elected by
such an overwhelming majority the
people are not to expect to have their
memorials printed! I am willing to ad
mit that the President was elected not
only by a plurality, but by 3 majority,,
and that he hjul every vote, if the :-en»
tleman pleases, but even then I do not
see through the reasoning of tbr. gen'
tleman Ido not kpow what be woul?
s\v, unless he meaws to be understock

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