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this nwetinj be published in the Co
lumbus Enquirer in order that the a gent and chiefs of the Indians may be apprised what will bo thb consequen ces if their subjects follow thfeir for mer practice. WM. COOPER, Chairman Edmund C. Beard, Clerk. VExtract of a letter to the Editor, dated, Washington City, April 2b, 1830. I have it now in ray power to give jjrou some news of a more dilinitive character relative to our affairs, The dohate in the Senate on the amend ments offered to the Bill reported by the Committee on Indian Affairs, by the Hon. Senator from New Jersey, has resulted in their rejection, by a vote of 20 to 27. Although there was nothing more contemplated by them, than was solemnly stipulated in our treaties. They could not meet the approbation of the grave Senators sent here to inete out justice to all parties, —to 'render uqto Caesar the things Which are Cassar's.' The Hon. Mr. Sprague then ofTered another, which in truth and substance was a simple question put to the Senate, Will you be governed towards the Indians by the various Treaties made with them? It was decided in the negative! The Senator from New Jersey then pro posed to amend the Bill by a proviso, that until the Cherokees should cho&e to remove, they should be protected by the Government as Was stipulated Vrt their treaties, and according to the extent and meaning of those instru ments when entered into—and pray sir* what do you think was the result? It was all which we asked from the Government. It was all we expect ed, and we hurrkbly prayed for that protection, which injustice and good faith we had a right to demand afid cipect. But men and things have materially changed. The "poor dcr ils," as we are called by the "grave and reverend senator" from Georgia, were not worthy of protection, their wolfaro and existence were a matter of tfro small notice, for the amendment was rejected by a vote of &0 to 27. A regultr and systematical course of policy has been pursued to cast us, ui defiance of all that is just and sa cred, upon the "tender mercies of Georgia," that she may in the exer cise of her 1/oasUd friendship, with out interference, legislate us into ruin and expulsion from the homes of our " fathers and infancy. Although she Erotests the use of force, it requires ut an ordinary mind to foresee the result of her unju&t and oppressive le gislation, backed by Executive influ ence and tlje treachery of the United Stated; ( fOV treachery it surely must be if all the solemn pledges made and stipulated, were never intended to be fulfilled. The proceedings of the Senate, and th» 24th of April will long be remembered by all just and good men. The Cherokecs are a people who, in the days of their strength, we»o treatod as a Nation. Go to Britairt and ask who they were? and yon MM ftsceive for answer that, "they were a distinct and sovereign people and as such we treated with them." Turn to the colony of Geor gia and ask the satoe question, and her Jiistory gives the samo reply. Then ■to the Great Washington and all his successors down to the latest Chief Magistrate, and their acts all prove khe same thing. Ask of General Jack son when the thunders of his cannon were heard in the southern forests, and he will say they are a nation, com petent to contract with the Govern ment, though President Jackson may deny it and say they are the subjects of Georgia. Whatever circumstances m iy have grown up around them since the year 1785, or 1817, the meaning and force ol their treaty obligations cannot be impaired. Though power may declare they shall not be observ ed^justice will not respond. And al though these unfortunate people, who left their homes and families, and flocked to the standard of the brave commander at Talledega, Horseshoe, $. .. and nobly fought the battles of Georgia, are now repaid with ingrati tu»e and oppression, they are not yet van.uished. Though the strength and Krce of • dominant party is ar rayed '/i opposition to all that they wish to tnjoy as a free people, they »re not frtuhtened, and until some thing more puinttd than words and high sounding epithets and denuncia tions are presented, they will contin ue to clinn to their homes of their Justine CHTCROKE We Hud hoped and calculated upon the wisdom and justice ol Congress, but inon«> branch we' see already the I'm3lilt and elleet of the declaration made to us on the bill ol April lt>29. In the other branch the Government may.in some measure maintain its ex alted character, by a course more congenial to the principles ot their own Constitution and the examples ol great rulers. The generous course ol policy pursued by Jefferson towards these ill-fated beings will go down to the latest posterity with increasing lustre, and is now looked upon by many as the best trait in the charac ter and life of this great Statesman. 1 do not believe that the feelings of the A erii an people will respond to the proceedings of the Senate. I do not believe that they will think our treaties should thus be thrown aside, and Georgia in defiance of so many pledges, and all that is just, should break down our humble Government, and triumphantly mock our sutfer ings. Our next and last chance is before the Supreme Court; and Until we have its veto, let u? be tirin and un shaken in our stand. Let not the dark clouds which hover around our political sun, cause us to despond, and if it sets, I hope to see it rise n gain, if not at Echota, not within the limits of'the United States. OONOE-BTS. Senate. Saturday, April 24. REMOVAL OF IHE INOIANS i'he bill to provide for an exchange of lands with the Indians residing in ti ny of the States or Territories, and for their removal West of the river Mississippi, was resumed in Commit tee of the Whole. Mr. WHITE concl ided his re marks iii reply lo the Arguments of gentlemen in opposition to the bill; Mr. FRELINGHUYSEN made some observations in explanation of some parts of his former remarks, which he thought had been misappre hended by Mr. White. The question on Mr. F's amend ment was divided, & Hi st taken on add ing to the bill the folio vying proviso: Provided, always, That uhtil the said tribes or nations shall choose to remove, as by this net is contemplat ed, they shall be protected in their present and in the enjny- Snont of all their rights of territory and government, as heretofore exer cised and enjoyed, from all interrup tions and encroachments. The proviso was rejected, by the following vote: YEAS—Messrs. Barnard, Barton, Bell, Burnet, Chambers, Chase, Clay ton, Foot, Frelinghuysen, (lolmvs, Knight, Marks, Naudain, Robbins, Ruggles, Seymour, Silsbec, Spraguc, We'ister, Willuy—2o. NAYS—Mess.9. Adams, Benton, Bibb, Brown, Dickerson, Dudley, Ellis, Forsyth, Grundy, . Hajqc, Hen dricks, Iredell, Jbbnston, K;mfe, King, Livingston, McKinley, McLean, No ble, Rowan, Sarilord, Smith, bf S. C. Tazewell, Troup, Tyler, White, Woodbury—27. The quostion was then taken on the other proriso, which is as follows.* And provided also, That before any removal shall take place of any of the said tribes or nations, and before any exchange or exchanges of land be made as aforesaid, that the rights of any such tribes or nation in the pre mises, shall be stipulated or sucured, and guaranteed by treaty or treaties, as heretofore made. YEAS—Messrs Barton, Bell, Bur net, Chambers, Chase, Clayton, Foot, Frelinghuyscn, Holmes, Knight, Marks, Naudain, Robbins, Buggies, Seymour, Silsbee, Sprague, Webster, Willejr—l9. NAYS—Adams, Barnard, Benton, Bibb, Brown, Dickoron, Dudley, Ellis, Forsyth, Grundy, llayne, Hen dricks, Iredell, Johnston, Kane, King, Livingston, McKinley, McLean, No ble, Rowan, Sauford, Smith of S. C. Tazewell, Troup, Tyler, White, Woodbury—2B. Mr. Sprague then moved to add a proviso in the following words: Provided always. That until the said tribes or nations shall choose to re movers it by this act contemplated, they shall be protected in their pre sent possession, and in the enjoyment of all their rights of territory and gov ernment, as promised or guaranteed to them by treaties with the United States, according to the true intont [und meaning of such treaties. PIFOKXIX AIVB IXDIAXS'ADVOCATE. Tiie amendment was negatived by nnys, 20 (o 2't, tliji vote be ing (lie same as on the first proviso. Mr. FittiLINUHUYSEN next of fered Me following proviso: Provided always, That nothing here in contained shall be so construed as to authorize the departure from, or non-oi>sei;vanee of, any treaty, com pact, agreement, or stipulation here tofore entered into and now subsisting between the United States and the Cherokee Indians. This amendment was rejected by yeas and nays, by the same vote, as the preceding. On motion by Mr. M'KINLEY, the fourth section was amended, by adding thereto the words following. And upon the payment of such valua tion, the improvements so valued and paid for, shall pass to the United States, and possession shall not after wards be permitted to any of the same tribe. A verbal amendment in the fourth section, proposed by Mr. SPRAUUE, having been agreed to, Mr. SANFORD moved to add the following section: Jlnd be it further enacted, That where the lands in any State are held by Indians, and such lands belong to the State, subject to the claim of the Indians, or the Stale or its guarantees are entitled to purchase the Indian ti tle, the President of the United States may give and assign to any such Indi ans, any suitable district or portions of the land; described in the liAt section of Ibis act, when any such Indians shall choose to remove to and reside on the western lauds, so as to be assigned to them. Mr. WOODBURY moved to add thereto the following: Provided, That no part of the ex pense of extinguishing the titles, or paying for the improvements of the lands on the removal, or of the first year's residence of the Indians, referr ed to in this section, shall be borne by the United States. This was accepted by Mr. SAN FORD, as a modification of |iis mo tion; find the amendment was then re jected by yeas and nays, 10 to 37, as follows. YEAS—Messrk, Barpard, Dudley, Ellis, Forsyth, King, JVJ Riidey, M - Loan, Marks, Sarifo'rd, VVhiLe-=—lo. NAY H—Messrs, Adams, Hell, Beii ton. Bibb, Brown, Burnet, Chambers, Chase, Clayton, Dickerson, Foot, Erclinghuysen, Grundy, Ilayne, Hen dricks, liolutes, Iredell, Johnstou, Kane, Knight, Livingston, Naudaiii, Noble, Bobbins, Rowan, Rugglcs, Seyßiour, Silsbre, Smith of S. C. Sprague, Tazev.#l, Troiip, Tyler, Webstar, Willey,Woodbury —37 On motion by Mr. FORSYTH, the second section was amended, by adding thereto the following: Whiin the land claimed and occupi ed by the Indians is owned by the United Slates, or the United States are bound to the State within which it lies, to extinguish the Indian claim thereto. On motion by Mr. WHITE, the blank in the eighth section was filled with 500,000 dollars, and the bill re ported to the enate with the amen.l. irients, which, having been concurred Mr. FRELINGHUYSIiN moved further to amend the bill, by adding the following proviso, vrhjch was re jected: Provided, That before any change shall take place, the Presi dent of the United States shall nom inate, and, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoint three suitable persons, and by them cause the country to which it is proposed to remove the Indians to lie Hil ly explored, and a report made to the President, and by hiin to Congress* of the extent of good and arable lands that can be obtained, and of the pro portion of woodland in such country, and of its adaptation to the objects of this bill, and to the wants and habits of the Indian nations. The bill was then engrossed for a third reading, by yeas and naes, as follows: YEAS—Messrs. Adams, Barnard, Benton, Bibb, Brown, Dicker-son, Dudley, Kllis, Forsyth, Grundy, Hayne, Hendricks, Iredell, Johnston, Kane, Livingston, M'Kinney, M'Lean, Noble, Rowan, Sartfbrd, ,Smith of S. C. Tazewell, Troup, Tyler, White, ijWoodbury—2B. NAY-8 —Messrs. Barton, Bell, Burnet, Chambers, Chase, Clayton Foot, Frelinghuysen, Holmes, Knight, Marks, Robbins, Rubles, Seymour, <Silsbee, Sprague, VVou sters YV'illpy.— 19. The filiate then adjourned. The following fs a copy of tlie bill providing lor (lie removal of the Indi ans, as it was passed by the Senate to a third reading? Lie it enacted, That it shall and may be lawful for the Prusident of the United States to cause so much of any territory belonging to the Unit ed Slate West of the river Missisippi, not included in any State, to wliiah the Indian title has been extinguished, as lie may judge necessary, to be di vided into a suitable number of dis tricts, for the reception of such tribes or nations of Indians "as may choose to exchange the lands where lliey now reside, arid remove there; and to cause each of said districts to be so describ ed by natural or artificial arks as to be easily distinguished froih every other. See. 2. Jhul be it further enacted, That il shall and inaj be lawful for the President to exchange any or oil of such districts, so to be laid off and de scribed, vvilh any tribe or nation of Indians now residing within the limits of any of the Stated pr Territories, and with which the United States have existing treaties, for the Whole or any part or portion of the territory chtim ed and occupied by such tribe or na tion, within the bounds of any one or more of the Slates Or Territories, when the land claimed and occupied by thp Indians is owned by (he United States or the United States are bound to the Stato within which it lies to ex tingitish the Indian claim thereto. Sec. 3. Jlnd be it Jurtlir enacted, That, in the making of any such ex change, otexchanges, it shall and may be lawful for the President solemnly to assure the tribe or nation with which the exchange is made, that the United States will forever secure and guaranty to them, and their heirs or successors, (he countly so exchanged with them; and if they prefer It, that the United States will cause a patent or grant to be made and executed to thein for the same: Provided, always, That such lands shall revert to the United States, if the Indians become extinct, or abandon the same. Sec. 4. And be xtfurlker enacted, That if, any ol the lands now occupied by the Indians, and to be exchanged for, I here should be inch improve ments as add value to the land claim ed by any individual or individuals of such tribes or nations, it shall nndiuay be lawful for the President to cause sucli value lobe ascertained by ap pralsetnenl or otherwise, and to cause such ascertained value to be paid to ihe person or persons rightfully claiming such improvements. Sec. 5. Jlnd be il further enacted, That upon the making of any such ex change as is contemplated by this act, it shall and may be lawful lor the President to cause such aid and assist ance to be furnished to the emigianls as may be necessary and proper to en able them to remove to, and settle in, ,tlie country for which they may have exchanged; and, also to give them such aid aud assistance as may be ne cessary for their support and subsis tence for the first year after iheir re moval. Sec. 6. And b; it further enacted, That it shall and may be lawful for the President to cause such tribe or nation to be protected, at their new residence, against an interruption or disurbancn from any other tribe or nationdf Indians, or from any other person or persons whatever. Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That it shall and may bo lawful for the President to have the same super intendence and carc over any tribe or nation itj the country to which they may remove, as conlMnplated by this act, that he is now authorized to have over them at their present places of residence. Sec. 8. Md be it jurthlr enacted, That, for the purpose of giving effect (o the provisions ol' this' act, the sum of 500,000 dollars is hereby ajn»i-opri ated, to be paid out of any ftioney in thfe Treasury,not otherwise appropri ated.