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Cherokee phoenix, and Indians' advocate. [volume] (New Echota [Ga.]) 1829-1834, October 08, 1830, Image 2

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"Mr. Gray, a Cherokee, awed a
small sum of money lo a citizen of
Georgia, who wished to obtain pay
ment by law. An ofacer appeared
with a writ, but being unabie to ob
tain property, belonging to Gray, aixl
finding another Indian in the neighbor
hood, possessed of some cattle. he
seized them, and soon made return of
thd writ, before a magistrate's court.
The owner of the cattle thus stolen,
appeared and stated the (act, but as
tho evidence of an Indian is, by the
Georgia law, inadmissible against a
■white man, indeed he cannot be
received as a witness in his
property was sold before "his tyes,
and under the aiJ-th»rtty of the court,
foi- the payment of his neighbor's debt."
These tilings are not done in a cor
ner, but in open day, in this very re
ju&lie, where we boast the security
■vij>ur freedom, and the perfection of
our laws. If we lormed our opinions
in the slightest degree upon precon
ceived notions of the Indian character,
we should tot be surprized to learn
by the next mail from the South, that
the Cherokees had risen, with the
determination to die by the sword,
rather than endure any lenger the
merciless tyranny of such state legis
lation. Bnt they possess a patience
which is truly affecting; a submissive
ness that no other christian nation
would have shown. "We could bear
reproach." said Mr. Storrs, "from the
proud& insolent; but there is eloquence
in the humility with which these peo
ple plead their wrongs- We feel our
guilt in the very submissiveness with
which they reproach us." Amidst
all that they endure, there is wisdom,
energy, and greatness of miod in their
proceedings. We are mistaken if
their dignified find spirited proclaina- 1
to the people of the United
States does not produce a powerful i !
This is a cnse of such complicated
absurdity and wickedness on the part
of our government, that the wise
fratners of the constitution, with all
their extreme care, seem never to
have had it suggested to their ima
gination. A cruel policy towards
the Indians was the last thing ivhicU
those noble patriots would have
thought of. But me loiVi upon it as
though it contained nothing to disturb
om security, nothing to demand our
intervention. A whole people, free,
from the remotes! period, but feeble
through the overshadowing growth of
our strength, have cast themselves
■ upon our government for protection; &
iv.e iiflve sworn protection, byjforins as
S oh: inn a3 any with which laniuage can'
bind a nation. Enslaved upon their!
own soil, and reduced to political beg
£try anu disorganization, by the tyr
anny of a neighboring slate, they ap
pal to ths executive for the perform
ance c oui oath; and he lells them,
that T lie tfonsl it at ion will not bear
bin out in their defence; assured and
pi' id.: d the: ;!»it be, in treaties piled
upon treaties some of them executed
b\ Sis own I iid, and defined to be
t preme'?-v of the land, "any
tin.ig in the i sof any state notwith
■stan'Ting."'' appointed in this ap
f I, they cf< yit by a solemn dcle
g ion before the United States in
( v;is93 assembled and i? is sup
; by all the el -uence and pow
er of argum -iit of w. ch the truth is
capable; yet here the national en-
gagetaents are not oniv refused to be
s Ijitic l, but a bill is passed, ena-
L >g the President to co-operate
with tho tyranny of Georgia, in ex
p"l'ing them from their lands, their
rights. and every thing on earth dear
to (!) rti. The timo passes on; a gang
o.' intruders rush in, and terrify and
t-i'iiplo upon their people; their per
sons am imprisoned; their lives at the
jn rcy of any ruffian who chooses to
18 irdor; (hey are interrupted while
l-i the exercise of their lawful indus
try, and forced away at the point of
f.iie bayonet; all is confusion, terror,
insecurity, dismay. Again the Pres
ident comes before (hem, at this try;
ing conjuncture, with the proposition
for their removal, and the declaration,
that he can offer no legal protection
The very troops that were statjoned
ta keep peace in their borders are
withdrawn, and coniroinded to aid in
executing the civil processes of Geor-
gh; and Ihe defenceless Cherokees
ara thus totally deserted to the m»r-
cy of a state, whose statutes in this
case may well be said to be written
ir ilood; to the operation of laws, by
pliich they ar« annihilated as a com-
ruunit), aaJ en&laved as individuals;
•o the Trva, , cw aa *rmy of mi*
lerly, auU impatient gold-diggers.
Vvhat is to be done? ilad the
-lightest attempt at such insufferable
tggressions been made upon the
\ lutes, vvhat indignation would have
:nsued! Ami shall we be less jcal
»us ol the freedom oi a people vulun
arily dupc.idcut upon us, &. in all res
)ects independent of every ottier
0111 munitylt the President abso
utcly ictuses to perioral Lis duly in
uch cases, we are fnsi striding to
wards despotism. Are the Cherokeei
o be suilered to remain month al'tei
nonth in the power of a state, whicl
i.is abrogated their institutions, annihi
ated their political existence, am
nade them private slaves? Are the}
o be left exposed to all manner o;
apineand murder,without the possi
jility of elfeclual resistance on theii
lart, and without a single refuge tc
vhioh they may tleo for safety? And
his too, while they have brought ar
iction; cnteied a com jlaint againsl
heir oppressors, in the Supreme Ja
licial Court of the Republic? Why,
ve should treat (he veriest gang ol
obbers with more lenity. While re
lerved for trial, they vvould at least
>e under the protection »f the laws:
md, though the violiters of all lnwj
hey vvould experience iJs power iv
reserving them from popular outrage,
intl in the enjoyment of a fair, safe,
mpartial trial. Here are the Chero
cees, convicted of no crime, but in tht
ilaintiff; subjected, all the while tht
rial is pending, to a daily and hourly
eaewal of outrages enough to diive
hern mad; and asserted by the Execu
ivo of this Government to be bey om
lie protection of the law!
Wf ask then again, what io this cri
is, is to be done? If there are nc
neans of bringing the Executive to a
ease of duty, and of compelling the
■xecutionof our intercourse laws, tliei
nust this unfortunate people remain,
lere, in the nineteenth century, ex
iosed to the slavery oflaws, which
vould have disgraced the darkness ol
he middle ages; to the tyranny of a
tote, which, in this respect, is a Jes
uitism. Tlicn must this state o!
liiii.»« OS.itinue, till the tartly decisior
)f justice from the Supreme Couil
shall have arrived—arrived, perhnp!
100 late to be of any effectual benefit
We confess that such seems to he th<
melancholy necessity—we can think o
no other alternative, unless the pro
testation of the people of the Unite<
Sates against these illegal proceeding
should be so forcible as to bring tin
Executive Government totheimrw
diate performance of the trust com
mitted to its charge. And of this there
ean be no hope, so long as the pre
sent apathy on the subject continues.
We tremble for the possible result of
such uninterrupted oppression on the
minds and feelings of the Indians; but
we trust in God, that thoirtrnly Chris
tian patience and humility will not
be worn out. If it anc'
they should be goaded to a san
guinary struggle, it would be the
day of Heaven's wrath on (heir op
pressors, as well as the signal for
(heir own extermination. But they
possess wisdom and forbearance, as
well as a keen sense of their wrongs.
Meanwhile, our citizens must be
more fully enlightened in regard to
this whole subject, and prepared to
sustain the decision of (he court, and
to sec that justice be done to the In
dians, whatever may be the present
exertions of (heir enemies.
The late sirgular order of t-he Presi
dent, that the Cherokee annuity should
be paid, not to the treasurer of the
nation, as heretofore, but to indivi
duals,* ought to arrest (he attention
ot the most careless, and open their
eyes 011 tfie true character fcf such
proceedings. It is one consequence
of the extreme ignorance which has
prevailed throughout the country in
regard to this whole business, (hat the
great majority of our citizens have
not known whether the President and
the state of Georgia, may not all this
while be acting in perfect accordance
with the constitution. In his order
respecting the payment of the annuity,
he has violated the treaty of Hope
well; for he commands payment
to be made, in a mode directly con
trary to that prescribed by tho trea
ty.—Amidst so many treaties, torn in
to shreds, and scattered to the winds,
perhaps an additional violation is of
little importance.
the annuity on tli" Cherok e
individuals, and the proportion would b
about fort^-.,ix cents apiece!
j The rnofcge' whicli have ted to
' this act, not'diihcult to divine.
It is part of a plan of co-operation
I with Georgia, and evidently intended
! to cripple the Cherokees in their re
sources; their means of de
fence, and of support to their Nen s
paper and* National Establishment,
and to serve as a practical proof of
the construction, which the United
i Stales Government are disposed to
put upon,the denationalizing laws of
Georgia. No measure yet adopted is
lof so alarming a nature, both to the
Cherokees and the people of the Unit
ed States. In every aspect, it indi
cates a combined determination on the
part of our Executive and of Georgia
to terrify the Indians into submission,
and if possible, to compel them lo a
surrender of their rights, and an aban
donment of their cause in despair, be
fore it can brought again .into
l-ongress, or decided in the Supreirie
Court of the United States. 1" this
vioiv, the measure is indeed danger
ous; it becomes ns to take care, lest
a result he hastily brought about in
this business, whicli justioe, honor and
benevolence Alike forbid, and which
the people of the Republic would
most bitterly deplore.
We make a few exlracls from our last
New York papers on the late interesting
occurrances in France.
Abdication of the King.'
J\Tonday, August 2.—Commission
ers were sent to Rambouillet to treat
with the King, and after some nego
tiation he consented to abdicate, and
the commissioners agreed that he
should receive a liberal allowance for
the support of himself and his family.
The following is the official act of ab
dication. It was superscribed "To
my cousin (he Duke of Orleans, Lieu
tenant General of the Kingdom "
" Rambouillet August, 2, 1830.
"My cousin,—l am toj profoundly
grieved by the evils which afilict or
might threaten my people, not to
have sought a means of preventing
them. I have therefore the rc-
S'lullon lo abdicate the Criyrh in fa
vor of my grandson the Duke de Bor
"Tile Dauphin who partakes my
sentiments, also ren tinces his rights
in favor of his nephew.
"You will have then in your quality
of Lieutenant«Gehcral of the Kingdom
to cause the Accession of Henry V. to
the Crown to be proclaimed. You
will take besides all (he measures
which concern you to regulate the
terms of the Government during the 1
minori/y of the new Kinet- Here I
confine myself lo making known these
dispositions; it is a means to avoid ma-,
ny evils.
"You will communicate my inten
tion to the Diplomatic Body, and yon
will acquaint me as soon as possible
with the proclamation by which my
grandson shall have been recognised
King of France, under Uic name of
Henry V.
"I charge Lieutenant General Vis
count de Poissac Latour to deliver
this letter to you. lie has orders to
settle witbyou the arrangements to he
made in favor of the persons who have
accompanied me, as well as the ar
rangements necessary for what con
cerns me, and the rest of my family.
"We will afterwards regulate the
other measures which will be the con
sequence of the change of the reign.
"1 repeat to you, my cousin, the
assurances of the sentiments with
which I am your affectionate cousin,
T>«r! faith of the Ring.
In consequence of the consent of
the King to this act, the commission
ers agreed to allow him four millions
of francs, and had the generosity to
cause one million to be delivered im
mediately, and were about to send
him the other three millions, when
they learned that the King having re
ceived an accession to his forces of
15.000 troops, who seemed inclined to
adhere to birn, refused to comply with
the terms which he had himself dictat
ed, and also refused to restore the
crown jewels.
Indignation of the Parisians.
Tuesday, .August 3.—'l lie news of
the bad faith of Charles immediately
excited the indignation of the Pari
sians. The drum and tocsin called
the National Guards to their posts,
when it was announced to tham that
the attitude taken by the King reqnir
fld that lie should be brought'to reason j
—compelled tofiy, or surrender—and
that, to effect one or (he other of these,
the citizens of Paris were required by
the government lo inarch on Ham
bouillet. The command of the forces
lobe thus emyioyod was given to the
| brave General Pajol, assisted by
George YV. La Fayette. The schol
j ars of the Ecole l'olytechnique were
to act under them as leaders. No
j regular or arganized troops were to
jbe employed. This announcement
was hailed with rapture, and inime-!
diately volunteers-, including all those!
who had retained muskets since the
d.iy of their triumph, presented them- 1
selves in every direction. In the!
course of two hours sis thousand as-j
sembled in the Champs Ely sees, to
march to Rambouillet. All the hack- '
ney carriages of Paris, and ail these'
that ply in the environs, were put into
requisition at the expense of the city,
(o convey them to Versailles. In ad
dition to the men thus forwarded :
thousands of others set out 011 foot, not 1
in bodies, hut in a continued stream, j
They marched by the Champs Ely
sees to (lie liois ilc Boulogne, where
the first attempt to icduce tlicm lo
order was made—thence hp St. Cloud
and Versailles. The Rouennais t6 tin?
number ol 8 000 who had just arrived
within two leagues of Paris, inarch
ed in the afternoon from St. Gei mains
towards Rambouillel, and in a few
hours no less than 50,000 men were on
their route for that point.
Final and unconditional abdication>
On receiving news of the approach
of the first division of these forces, the
troops of the King deserted the royal
cause. The King thereupon abdieat-
the throne in favor of the young
Duke of Bordeaux, appointing the
Duke of Orleans Lieutenant-General
and Regent of the Kingdom, during
the minority of tlie Prince. Being
subsequently informed that 40,000 oi'
the National Guards, headed by two
Commissioners who had been with him,
were coming upon him, Charles came
to an immediate decision, gave up
every thing, made an unconditional
abdication, and piepared for l-.is de
parture, under protection of IhcCcm
missioncrs, to Cherbourg, for the pur
pose of leaving the Kingdom. The
following is the official note of the
Commissioners to the Duke of Orleans,
announcing this result.
Rambouillet, August 3.
Monsigneur—lt is with joy that we
announce the success of our mission.
The King has determined to depart
with all his family. We shall hri 15
ycu all the incidents and details o r the
journey with the greatest pre< isiun.
May it terminate happily!
We follow the route to Cherbourg.
AH the troops arc directed to march
on Epernon. To-morrow morning it
will be decided whijh shall tieliuiuily
follow the King.
We are with respect and devotion,
your Royal Highness' most humble ai;d
most obedient servants,
The despatch 'which encloses (he a
bove official letter, says:."lt is under
stood to be the King's intention to cm
bark for the United States of Ameri
ca. The King's resolution has evi
dently been hastened by the approach
of the armed force from Paris."
Wednesday, .flu,g 4.—The Chamber
met at twelve o'clock, under the
Presidency of M. Labhey de Pom
piere, President by seniority. After
the operation of balloting for the for
mation of the Bureaux was over, an
important question was argued. It
was that of the abdication of Charles
X. This offered matter for much
discussion, and one member exclaimed
with much vehemence, "It is not ab-
dieation that we want, it is his for
feiture of the throne that we have a
right to impose upon hiin in our quali
ty of representatives of the French
people." The Chamber contained
upwards of 250 members. After the
reports of the Bureaux shall have
have been made public, it is thought
that the House will declare itself
permanent until it has named its Presi
dent and other officers.
\ letter brought by the express
which left Paris on the morning of the
Glh, says, "As soon as the Chamber
is constituted, a proposal will be made
to it to offer the crown to the Duke of
Orleans. Every thing is prepared for
To-day, nt 4 o'clock, the Duke de
Chartres (sou of the Duke of Orleans)
entered Paris at the head of his regi
| ntcnt, prfteded and followed hy tlie
[ National Guards cf liouen and Evreux,
and a very considerable number ef
young men. lie proceeded along (lie
Uoulevards to the Palais Royal. The
Duke of Orleans, and the Duke of Ne
irioiirs, were to the right and left of
theyoung Prince. The crowd assem
bled on his passage welcomed him
with the most lively acclamations.
I Lille. A letter from Lille, near
the frontiers of the Netherlands, dated
j August itlj, says: "We are all quiet
; here, The tri-coloied flag is hoisted
;on the principal church. The Duch
es de Berri was expected here on
Saturday last; nna of her suits has'cv*
en ai lived, Mid a house hays been taken
i lor lier. I have this moment had
some conversation with one of her at
tendants, and it is true that she re
monstrated with the King respecting
the Ordinances. These were her
words—"Sire, I am a mother, and the
interest of my son compels me to say,
il you do not dismiss your ministers
both you anil my son will lose the
throne." "Madame," replied the
King, '>l want no advice; the ordinao-.
ces f have issued are immutable,"
and intimated that the sooner she de
parted for Dieppe the better.
.tfngrrsshut its gates agniust Charles '
X. Nantes raised forces to forward
the revolution.—Sau.nw mounts the
tri-colored cockade. Rennes has hoist
ed the tii-coleored flag. At Lyons
the tri coloured flag is raised and 10,-
000 men were 011 the point of march- "
ing to pnl is- Lille answered by tele
graph, to the Home Department,
"All your orders shall be obeyed,"'
and the whole of her numerous garri
son joined the citizens. 7dis
played the tri-coloured flag, and Ge
neral Donadeau made his submission.
At Orleans, the Swiss grounded their
I arm*'. At Jlmiens the jwpulace tore
down the ensigns of royalty, and then
proceeded li) St. Acheul, and com*
the royal clergy to ciy out Vi
ve la Charte—live la Constitution,
A telegraphic despatch announced
that Marseilles and Toulon had raised
the national flag. A conflict took
place at Caen, In which the friends of
the popular cause overcame the mili
tary force. At Poilitrs the citizen*
barricaded the streets, fired upon the
troops, deposed the authorities, and
rendered impossible, by their attitude
and measures, the njaroh of troops to
wards La Vendee. A deputation
from St. Quenilbi arrived on Saturday
at Paris, to announce that the revo
lution was as complete tliGrc as in the
capital. As soon as an account of the
events at Paris reached Limoges, the
workshops Were closed, and more
!hnn ,3.000 workmen assembled in the
various qiarlcrs of Ihp town, exclaim
ing, "Vive !a Liberie! Vivo hi Charte!'
In short, the revolution i;i every part
of France n as complete.
NTSWECHOTA- OCT. 3, 15.",0
It was said, ami repeated a hundred
with a great deal of confidence, among
(hose favorable to the emigration of the
Cherokee?, that the full Indians were desir..
ons to remove l>ut were kept where they
are by the power of the Chiefs, and laws op
rigid character were enacted in Georgia
to bring thas- chiefs to their proper senses,
for exercising such influence over thei 1 '
people. Who now asserts any such this?-.
Either truth has prevailed. o» - these Geor.
gia laws must be nvserably inefficient.
The grand jury of Gwinnnet County
did not find a hill against Mr. Ross,.
Many of the people of the United
States, who think with Mr. Forsyth that
the Cherokee? are poor devils, may per*
haps be surprised to learn that amongtheui
there arc several societies for the spread
of religion and morality, and what is still
more astonishing, the chiefs of these pco.
pie, "Who grind the of the poor" and
"keep them under, in poverty and ign >-
ranee," that "their avaricious propensity
may be gratified," generally take the lead
and support them by their example and
contributions. They have Missionary so
cieties, I'ract Societies, Sunday School So.
cieties, Benevolent Societies, Book Socie
ties and Tempciance Societies. It
was only the other daj we had
the pleasure of being present at the forma
tion of a Missionary Society, the constitu*-
tion of which we insert below. We wish
success to every effort intended for the
spread of true religion in t'his nation. We
hope the people will feel the importance
of doing semelhing for themselves. Let

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