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Cherokee phoenix, and Indians' advocate. [volume] (New Echota [Ga.]) 1829-1834, October 08, 1830, Image 3

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via show the world that we are r.ot So de
graded as to prove the truth of Mr- For
syth's conterajHinus words, or if ira are,
we will manifest a strong desire to arise
from such a degradation. Such a desire
W3 foun.l was apparent the peo
ple at the formation of theS >cicty of which
we are speaking. They gave thsir mil >
freely. The; following ».fic r !rs were cho
sen; John Ross, President—N. D. Scales,
Vice President—Col. YV. S. Adair, Cor.
responding Satreiary— Evan Nicholson,
Treasurer—John Miller, Edward Adair,
Jeremiah II)rn, Turtle Field.-i, Young
Wolf, F. I'.ur l Graces, Edward Ganter
Geo. YV. Adair,B. F. Thompsou &* Joseph
C -MiJ!i i J, Mar.ajai'3.
CONSTITUTION.
Art. Ist. This Society shall he de
nominated, "Tho Missionary Society
o! tho Lherokeo Nation, auxiliary to
ihe lennssaae Conference Missionary
Society of Iha Methodist Episcopal
fcllarcli."
A' '• *2 J* i 'ie officers of this Socie
ty shall consist of a President, Vice-
I ; csidont, a Corresponding and Re
tordin* Secretary, a Treasurer, and
ion M incers.
Art. 3J. Five Managers shall con
stitute a quorum for the transaction of
business.
Art, 4th. The payment of twenty
five cents shall constitute a member
for one year, nndrfhe payment of two
dollars and fifty cents, at one time
shall constitute a member for life.
Art. sti) The pCbceeds of this So
ciety shall be appropriated lo Hie
spread of thg gwpel in the Cherokee
Nation.
Art. Gth. The Annual meetin* of
this Society shall be held at the Time
and place of holding the last Quarter
ly Meeting for Conasauga Circuit in
each year, at which time it shall be
the duty of the board of Managers to
present a Report of the Society's pro
ceedings for the past year, and recom
mcnd-such measures for its future
prosperity as (hey may deem neces
sary and expedient.
Art. <th. An election or re-election
of all the officers and Managers of this
institution shall take place at each of
its annua! meetings; and no person
siiall be eligible to an office, or ap
pointed a manager of (his Society, but
a native Ciicrokee, or a legal citizen,
according to the constituted authori
ties of the Nation.
Smiwsary meeting of the Cherokee
Snmlay School Society oj Mount
Wesley.
Inc second annual mojt iug of this
Society was held at Oougillogee Camp
Gnnnd 0:1 tue iy.n of this inst. Af
tei tue reading of a very interesting
R :port by llie Secretary, the Sunday
■ S ho.il cause was warmly a:id abiy
advocated in (hroq addresser, deliver
ed to a large and respectable audience,
who proved hy their liberal contribu
tions at the conclusion of the meetiii",
tli.U tlipy were more tlmn merely idle
and uninterested spectators.
1 iiu first address was delivered by I
the liev ; . N. D. Scales, in which he
.appropriately brought to view the
great a ltd singular advantages accruing :
to tljjg rising generation, and to the
coinia'lir.ty at large, from Sabbath
St'fod instruction.
1 be second address was delivered
by the Rev. G. M. Rogers. From a !
brief review of the great and visible
good that this societ, has al.eady ef
fected in the short space of two years,
and an anticipation of its future, and
more enlarged usefulness, the speaker
became much animated by his theme,
and very pathetically encouraged the
superintendents, teachers, and patrons
of the institution to. proceed, if pos
sible, with more untiring diligence in
their labor of love.
riie last address was delivered by
the Rev. F. A. Owen, who, in a quite
lucid manner, demonstrated that S; b
bath School institutions are calculated
to be one of the most efficient auxilia
ries in the promotion of the missionary
cause in this nation; and that conse
quently every laudible effort, within
© if power, should be made in the sup
port of an institution so beneficial in
its results. He also suggested, and
even urged the propriety of forming
Bible Classes in every neighbourhood
n-here it would be practicable, as
being very e'oad icive to the spread of
sc nptiir.ll knowledge.
The Board have resolved to put the
•plan of Bible Class instruction into
operation as soon as possible, and have
made arrangements to obtain a suita
lue library of books for the purpose.
This measure, if carried int© succcss
fuf operation, wili ifoiibtless prove a
strong wall o( defence, and a fruitful
source ol spiritual instruction to the
Sunday Schools.
1 he following officers and managers
were chosen lor (he ensuing year.
cv \ J- Trott President, John
Martin, Esq. Vice President, Rev.
N. i).. Scales Cor. and Rec. Secreta
iy.and Mr. JA. Thompsou Treqsur
ei. Messrs. L'ivvard Adair,Evan Nich
rls °" : J .'\7 Hurn > Jos - Crutchft'ld,
Johnson I honipson, George \Y. Atlafr
Andrew Adair, Col. Walter S Adair,'
Uenj. Paydon and John Saxons nian
agers.
September 22. 133:). -
D. C. McLEOD,
Ex. Cor. Scc't
For tim Cherokee Phoenix,
Mr. B OUDINOTT,
Were it not for the pres
ent peculiar ami unpleasant situation
ol our nation, and the extraordinary
measures used to force the Cherokees
fioni their homes and their country, I
would be content with sHence; ray
voice should not be heard, oven in au
dible whispers, ia questioning the mo
tives which influence the Government
toward the Indians. Injustice has
been done to (he Cherokees, and to
the State of Georgia, alone, I am not
prepared to impute its perpretation.
Her cruel an ] oppressive course has
met the approbation of the United
States tixecutire. The most solemn
treaties, as well as acts of Congress, i
aye, the faith and honor of a proud '
Republic, are stained with disgrace,
in order to deprive helpless Indians of
their dearest rights, and to obtain pos
session of their lands, their cultivated
fields, their orchards, the homes of
their aged sires and little children, the I
country giveiv, them by their Grest
leather in Heaven. Laws and trea
ties have been trampled with impuni
ty under foot, that the avarice of the
white man might triumph over justice.
The Cherokees have appealed, though
in vain, to the solemn pledges of pro
tection given them by the United
btates—-pledges which stand not only
recorded in the many suL'iisting trea- 1
ties made with these unfortunate peo
ple, but witnessed by IIIM, who gov
erns the destiny of man, Kingdoms and j
Empires
It was lately asked by a high officer
of the Government, "why should you
indulge ail excess of feeling for your
Indians'/" Let (he people of this na
iion answer by stating all the injury
"..id abuses which they have suffered,
within the last twelvemonths, and the
losses sustained under a course of'nn
p.arallolled oppression on this contin
ent—lst (he nation bo heard in the
strange efforts to extinguish its exist
ence, and there is not a human heart
hut what must beat with sympathy,
njt a candid man wliO'will hear but
must feel that injustice "follows in the
wane" of some measures, and not a
patriot that will not feci for his coun
try V honor.
| My principal object in this commu-
I mention is to expose an important
'act connected with the change made
in the payment oi our annuity. It nay
be proper to state first, that this annu
ity \z not due to the individual Chero
ke,)s;b.ut is stipnl ed to be paid to the
••Nation" as a nation, hy the United
States for lands which have been ced
ed by the "Nation." It is not a boun
ty prepared solely by the benevolence
of the Government for the benefit of
the Indians, as has been gravely, but
unjustly, stated hy some of the "word
mongers" of the present dynasty. This
nation once owned a large extent of
country, which has been narrowed
down, by cession after cession, until
little remains. These cessions were
always made by the nation, or its au
thority. attempts hare been made
hy individual Chiefs to cede, but they
never in any instance effected their
object. The consideration paid for
these cessions has beento the "nation."
The right of the Cherokees to their
lands I conceive to be a national right,
and as such has been guarantied to
thein hy the United States. With
the termination of their national exist
ence, this guarantie also terminates as
a consequence.
In pursuance of the kind and pater
nal advice of Presidents Washington
and Jefferson, they have adopted a
"Government of regular law." They
have a Treasury into which are de
posited the funds of the nation for the
support of this government, under
which state of things they have peace
ably anJ happily prospered for many
years. Bat with the ascension of the
•resent rulers of the United Slates, a
Host salutary system of-Jhforrn" was
•Of/imeiKetl, uhicEf it is benevolently
ill ended siiall end in tlic extinguish
nent of our National existence, the
Muptjing of our treasury, and, in all
nobability, the severing of the ties of
rountry and kindred. "The state of
-•eoigia has attempted to break down
hi< bumble government ami to enslave
»ur citizens <m their mvn lands by le
elation. 1 lie President has said she
las tiie poiccr and is right in exercising
t, —but our treaties declare the con
arv W e resolved to refer the ques
!— S.-j-remo Court of the U-
Stntes an i the expenses were to
m ; 11ion. But our dotei -
ni.ia;," , • ;, s ,) sooner publicly Known,
lau the President of the U. States,
ho "Friend vf the Cherokees," is
ued his mandate, through the War
department, that (lie annuity shall no
•mger be paid into the Treasury, but
listribute I amongst the individuals.—
rhus enriching these ''poor wretched,
11-clotlied beings," by giving to each
ibout forty cenls!! and irr order to ob
ain which, (he far greater portion
nust travel from seventy to one hun
md forty miles!!! That the Execu
te may have ample justice for this
;racious act, the Secretary of War
hall be heard, himself assigning the
•ftasons.
In a letter addressed by him to the
rtev. Mr.B ild-vin of (ho Indian Hoard,
Vew York, dated 30th June, 1830, he
ays: "One word as toyourlast inqui
y. The annuities which are paya
ble to the Indians have heretofore
leen paid to the Chiefs of districts, or
lans, by them to be apportioned a
nongst the heads of families within
heir jurisdiction. Complaints have
>een made, and recently that mode has
>een hanged. An order from
ho War Department requires the
liflerent agents to pay to the several
leads of families, each, his ratable
>ortion of the annuity. Imposition
nay be thus prevented," or at any
ate complaints avoided. Complaints
hen have been made and the mode of
laymeut is changed, which, if it will
lot prevent impositions, at any rate
complaints nny be avoided! The
easons are indeed weighty, and yet
nay be expressed in "one word" and
hat significant word is, "complaints."
What strange and astonishing powers
ire' derived from the use of this
'one word!" Why, it enables the Presi
lent (constitutionally I presume) to sub
stitute his will fortreaty stipulations, to the
•erious injury of the Cherokees fit contrary
o their well known disapprobation of the
neasure. But are the Cherokees includ
:d in the S»cretarv's answer to Mr. Bald
win's inquiry? They certainly ar«. The
lame alteration is made with them, and I
>elicve at the very same time, as with the
Mhe tribes; and he of course includes the
ivliole where he allows of no exception
Every candid reader must come to this
conclusion. To those who do not know
he facts of the matter as they actually are
I can say, that the annuity was not pair
.o us as is stated above, but paid into oui
treasury by the agent, and that agreeably
:o the understanding had between the na
:;on and the Government. As to com
tlainit. nine has ever been made. I un
lerstand from his letter that they cairn
from the Indians, for who but themselve
are interested in the disbursement of thi
funu? Complaints made by the Indians mus
be through the a;cnt,or direct from the na
tion. They have not been respected whei
made in any other way. I speak of tin
Ch-rokees, and from personal knowledge
No "complaints" have ever gone from an'
branch of authority in this nation, no'
from any respectable individual of the na
lion. No respectable Cherokee has eve
been heard to use language that could evei
be tortured into a complaint on the sub
ject. If any are of the opinion that it i:
possible complaints may have gone u|
through the agent. hi.~ words will settle tin
matter. The following is in answer to ;
note 1 addresse.l him; <
"'•Mr. Coodey,
Sir—ln answer to your in
quiry, I will state that no complaints have
ever passed through me tu the Executive
or asv other person, either from the {n
dians or any other person on the subject
of the distribution of the annuity.
Respectfully your Ob't Serv't
H. .MONTGOMERY.
Agency, 20th Sept. 1830."
No complaints then have ever passed
through him from any source, and none
from the nation or its respectable citizens.
1 am expensively acquainted among these
people and have never in all my life heard
hut a solitary individual "complain," and
that person was a white man, of bad char
acter, and at the time intoxicated. Ought
any complaints from citizens of the United
Slates or Oeergia, for they alone have I
heard clamorous, to have a greater weight
of influence with the Executive than a
Mrtofthe "supreme law of the land?"
Does not the Hon, Secretary of War owe
it to himself, to the Indian Board, to the
illfaied Cherokees, to state at what time
they complained, the nature of such com
plaints, and the source from whence those
complaints originated?
If 1 have misstated any particular, I am
*flhng to be set right. Tf I have fallen
into error in my opinions, I am willing to
be corrected; anrt I only ask for the Clier
okees that which thf-y have prayed in vain,
impartial justice, They have still some
consoiation, in tlie enjoyment of a single
thought, and that is, even though tlie
tunds of the nation may be controlled by
others, yet tbsre are private iunus, thank
Heaven, which they are still "permittea"
to control themselves; &. so long as that is
ine case 4'- they have justice on their Side,
they w,ll not yield their rights &their coun
rUli ' eV . ar '' rPSO,I cd no! tu touch a single
dollar of the annuity unlesspaid to them a «
bA". k j T he da * 01 their fall mav
be at hand; and if there red. emine
virtue in the faith c( the TJsited States®
Government, then they arc gone fcrer
' ® nd !* natters noi h- wsoon they r »,
tlie Kubican oi their ia<p. 1
Sept. 1830.
' le f «"owin s letter, which we hire re
ceived from one of the Cherokees whose
names are subscribed to the communica
tion addressed to one of the officers of th t
United States Troops, will gj ve our re„-
dejß further l.ght on the kind of protect,on
ia ailordlng the Che.o"
D Region C. N. 6(b. Oct. 1330.
XJear Sir,—[ arrived here a few dav«
, " . e fo . r tl,e purpose of engaging j n ,j' ie
"n"% u t r : n c,mi:non on'«ci
t ?' the Nation, net apprehend-m.
° Ur P eiCf Ai? operations
i was lnlormed on my arrival that rl*
lachment of,ln Unite,! States troll it
he Six s mines was daily expected VV
?aS E ne ,hi° Tr? #in ' vor^twhl
Cherokee,' have atT ° f lh "
-nes. On Ihe 4,h S.
sS&SB&SS
he result ni" n °t"hat will b<
T' , re , main here ""til our military masteri
-hall have ample time to act „po„\he 'ufc
;x ,h "
vhen our Delegation atW?"
r.r^-r-V 15 "
o ° r , l ' ,ree (im»s, and raising his arrr
IS bespoke, "7 shall protect you in you:
emlona! possession is." Tim, must soon
lev "lope.
The officer at the S : x's r>rc"r ised some o
he Cherokee* to obtain a copy of the ordci
rom the Uar JO , a.tm ni to the coi„.
nanding officer, and lay it before thpin
>ut the time has passed and yet no order
presume thev are acting under the sam<
interlaid before the call session of oui
council by the agent, and under his force,
instruction of th r same. We are anx
ious to see the result of matters. If wi
ave Hghtslet us enjoy them; but if thev
are to be surrendered at the point of the U
states bayonets, let it be done at once, tha
we may not deceive oui>selves with unius
expectations. You shall be advised of fu
ture measures, and the world of our on
pression. *
Respectfully your friend,
The letter above referred to is deferred
until next week.
vv\ S. COODEV.
i * )C to (he highest bidder
" f on 28th inst. at the town of iJcw
Kchota, a likely negroe boy named
GEGR&XJ,
levied on as <lie property of * JtfBROSE
HAKNAGE, to salisfy "a judgement a
gainst said H UiNAGE, in fav#ur of Wil
liam llicharrfson. The above property will
J>e sold unless redeemed according lo law-
J- .V-LYNCH-
Marshal*
21tds-
October 4th. 1830-
a,a®®4a?
TJ RMAINING in the Post Office a*#
£f.® ,v Echota, October 1,1880.
Elias Boudinott 2,
John R. Garland,
Elijah Hicks,
Jpfl'erson Lanier,
Gfebige Layman,
Dan') McCoy,
Benj. Paton.
S. A. WORCESTER, P: Eft
CONSTITUTON
OF THE CHEROKEE tfATiON FOR s A ts
HERE
MR- WIRT'S OPINIONS
Printed in pamphlet form, for tat#
fit this Office..

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