OCR Interpretation


Cherokee phoenix, and Indians' advocate. [volume] (New Echota [Ga.]) 1829-1834, September 29, 1832, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83020874/1832-09-29/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

CHEROKEE 1
Chebbi i,rr nation—i hoi kjetor.
rdite'd by
E IUH HICKS*
PUS i IB V\ r, KKl.Y BY
J > -£t 1 CAMD TT)
At #2 50 if |iai<! in advance, $3 in six
'months;, or *3 50 if paid ai f he end ofthe
y dr.
!'o subscribers Ivho can readonly the
Civ >i<ee language the price v. 11 lie ?2,00
;n ;vii ante, or ti2,50 to be paid v\ itliin the
year.
Kvcry subscription will be considered as
i: ' , Mued unle*- subscribers give notice to
lie coiiti ary befoie the compnenccment of a
new year, and all arrearages paid.
Ai v person procuring sis subscribers
ftn i ■'"■oiuing responsible for the pavinent,
eha! i eceive a seventh gratis.
i : ViJ iette: addressed to tlie Editor,
Post paid, will receivi due attention.
FV>m th* C larleston Observer.
To the Editor of the Charleston Observer.
Sir —•'lie »vlucli dis
•tftxguish ihe Christian Religion from
all others, are its spirit- ality and pu
i'ity. The H eatli<-ti systems ol reli- :
gion appear to have consisted f iorms
■and ceremonies, of supers' iious prac
tices, and of omens and auguiies.so
ridiculous 'hat Cicero himself lelis
•us, the Piiesu cunl.l s' 'iro*-Iy '■ |>
gi .ive countenances while cairying on
the mummery of their pretended re
ligious services. Some ol the Pagan
►Bsiions practised the barbarous cus
jtom of immolating human vh tuns to
'tbeir false Gods. was no s 11-
4tuai worship ihe titter destitution
of the heal lien nations, aotiupj or
modern, of a sound code oI morality,
Cieaior and his fellow meu, and pro
hibiting II the vices which degrade
an - ' nin the human race, is a sure
ev it'i 1 of their religious systems
?; I) it oo false foundations. 01
—J v!s( numbei ol works of Heathen
antiqriiu which •have coine down to
■ nuid>': ■ <t b ' are none of ra- •
tin , ol sir Iwii conceptions
•ofl; e Dei'* of floep ticvoiiou, a d oi
I * Jhjim ! submission to his will. Ihe
Dios! fkil'ul compiler could not col
li from them a system of pure mor
al y, perfect i its requirements and
.11 in ''s prohibitions. Tfiere would be
<i)und some •.missions of sound princi
n i»i< -• or the interpolation of some false
1"
I were, indeed, eminent indi
kidu'ils of great talents and rare vir
■ the hi utiful and inagoificejit works
tin universe. These have expressed
some noble principles of religion, vir
tue, and humanity. B I (in se Avore
V * fe and far between. Their opinions
ivei e not in accordance Willi I lie pub-
Ji<- stems of their country, and had
The character of the most civiliz
of the ancient nations, was accord
■ Jngly ferocious, ami debased hy the
flj ■ lowest supers'ilions. The Egyptians
were degraded by Ihe most miserable
end enslaving system of bigotted ani
y • nil worship. The Romans were
Conquerors and devastators of the
far and slaves to shed ilu-ir lilood in
I I ' ' mutual combat, as Gladi tors, for the
H ■ amusement of the populace, nay, of
H I the highest ranks of society.. Their
nn lining? was a mixture of impiety
m I «*» brutality.
■i.
raw jfioaao'M? bavtobaVi siEfffflssiissaffi a® &B®a ß
were equally barbarous, and have
been accused even of human sacrifi
ces. The Greeks were equally su
perstitious, but rather less barbarous
Yet unrestrained by sound princi
ples of religion, they often carried on
their atrocious and paracidal civil
wars, to extermination. The mod
ern heathen a"e not boiler. The Ab
be Dubois who lived long among the
Hindoos, describes I hem ass .uk down
to the lowest degree in a dark super
stition, and (he bas si degradation of
morals. The Malays are a barbar
ous, bloody race. The Chinese have
a better character —But a miserable
superstition and a stern government
have degraded their race. Sir George
Staunton, who speaks from personal
ol)6ert'dtion, says, that the bamboo is
in operation Iroiii morning till night,
all over the vast celestial Empire.
The Mexicans sacrificed hecatom'is
of men on their bloody altars. The
inhabitants ot New Zealand, and Bor
neo, are cannibals.
Look where you will among the
heathen nations, ancient and modern,
th°re is ihe same dismal picture of
superstition, vice, cruelty, rJ mise- 1
rv. On the other hand, look at Chris
-1 tiani'y, its doctrines and its effects.
Its code of morality is perfect: I has
no superfluity, no defipiency. It
could proceed only from a God, all;
> ivise, all pure, all benevolent. The
Sermon on tl|e Mouiv, bv the Savioui j
of man, has irtore wisdom and powei
in it, than all the codes of antiquity. !
The humblest peasant, who can read !
i and study this sublime system for thei
government of the heari, knows more !
of God and of his own studies, than j
all the philosophers of nntiqnilv. lie
has brought life and immortality to
light Wherever Christianity has
! ieen spread, and has taken a deep
hold, barbarism disappears, humanity
prevails, vice is discouraged, and the
individual avid national character is
elevated; not indeed perfected, for
mm is necessarily an imperfect being
but it is purified.
The Taipei tans were sunk into the
most brutal debauchery and profliga
cy perhaps of any of the human race.
Tlie Christian religion w s carried a
mong them by pious Missionaries; the
j light of the Gospel was ijv ; od abroad
j upon their hearts, and behold the
I chant; ! All have abandoned the
i brutal orgies of their heathen religion,
j and many have become pious, virtu-
I our nnd gentle. Such are the mira
cles of a pure and holy religion, not
forced, hut gently set before those
j benighted childlen ol ihe same God
! whom we worship.
One word more of the Missionaries,
and we have done. These men aban
don their country, 111 'ir homes, Ihcil
connexions, the comforts of civilized
and rongeiiial society, to brave the
ocean, to spend their lives laboriously
arpongst barbarous nations, nmiust
i privations and discouragements, of
i every kind —Their object, benevolent,
their means scanty, their earthly re
ivj u nothing. Yet. many censure
their undertaking, and even blame
those who aid them with pecuniar)
mea: s, in their Apostolic labors. —
This is surely a presumptuous inter
meddling with the rights of those who
are minded to expend their labors
and their funds on what they consider
to be a hen -yolent effort to benefit
and improve the human race. Who
gave any citizen in this country a
right to censure a fellow citizen for
giving his money to what purpose he
pleases, provided ho does not injure
the public weal? It is neither in the
constitution or the laws. These pro
tect every citizen in using or even in
abusing his property, without the
control of others* Such censure is
therefore improper. On the other
hand, some pious persons whose feel
ings have been warmed by a strong
sense, of religion and humanity, have
ventured to blame those who do not
j s-je as they see, who do not aci as
they act, and who refuse to aid in
'hese Missionary expeditions. This
again is wrong. Who gave thetn au
thority to put their hands in the pock
ets of their neighbors, to extract their
treasures, and apply them to purpos
es on which they set no value, and be
lieve it is labor lost, pud money
thrown away? They have no right
to do so; and their censures indicate
an intolerant spirit, unwortbj of their
cause. Let these unchristian cen
sures cease on both sides—No good
conies from railing in any cause, and
least of all in questions of morality
and rnligion. Toleration in eases
of difference of opinion is the grand
secret of modern tunes, for peace
and the enjb> mient of equal rights.—
|f is true Christian doctrine, and
should be advocated and practised by
every CHRISTIAN
CHANGE WROUGHT IN CON
VERSION.
The commencement of religion is
not indicated by an esact order or
method of divine manifestation.
The change which takes place, is
a change in the affections. A change 1
from selfishness to benevolence; from
sin to holiness; ;>nd from a supreme ,
love to the Creature, to a supreme
love of God. '''his benevolence is.
in its nature, that love which the law
ot' Goil requires, and which, when
perfect, is the fulfilling of the law.—
In its earliest existence, it is the
generic principle of the Christian i
graces, every one of ihem being qply
love or holiness, diversified in its op
erations, and distinguished by other j
names, as it tei initiates in different j
objects. Thus, repent mice is the
sorrow which a holy mind feels fur
sin; and faith is the affectionate reli
ance of a sanctified heart, upon Christ
and resignation is a benevolent acqui
escence in the divine will:-—and
meekness is self possession, and good
will toward enemies, under circum
stances of provocation; and brotherly
love is the Complacency which one
Christian feels fo. anothpr Christian.
B'.jt if the qut'S'ion were urged,
Which of these Christian graces ac
tually exists in the soul? the answer
must be. That on which the mind's
eye is fixed, when the sacied princi
ple of holy love commences its oper
ation ip the soul, and which, of course
ISCill correspond in some degree with
ihe kind of iiistructi 11 which is given
and tile particular points of the divine
: character and government, trllibh
! I wive engaged the attention, and m
tercsred the fpelings. If a man born
blind, should bo suddenly restored to
sight, what external object would he
see first? Undoubtedly, that which
happened to be in the line of vision
when his eyes were first opened. In
the same manneri when (he eye of
the in derstanding is first opendd, that
specific affection wakes first, which
is first called for, by that divine ob
ject which is first presented to the
mi«(J. It may be repentance, or sub
mission, 01 faith, or love to enemies,
or btolherly love, or a spirit <lf pray
er, as Ihe object in the mind's eye.
shall call forth specific iuilj affec
tion.
This account corresponds with lite
phenomena of conversion. Scarcely
any two persons commence a spirit
ual existence with precisely tlto
same, views and affections. Nor
there any thing more hopeless than
the ijltempt to reduce to method or
order, the fust movements of divine
life in the soul; nor any fear of young
Christians more unfounded, or more
common, than that their experience
may he deceptive, because in the
first religious exercise? ol other per
sons, they do not find the exact image
and superscription of their own.—
The wind bloweth where it listeth,
and thou he'nrest the sound thereof,
but canst not tell whence it cometh,
and whither it gneth: so is every one
that is born of the spirit. There is,
"& INDIAN'S ADTOCAt 1^.
amidst circumstantial variety, a uni
versal, general, general likeness; as
the constituint parts of the human
countenance are thp same, though
combined with all lliat difference of
color and proportions, which consti
tutes the evidence of individuality.
Spirit oj the Pilgrims.
From the Journal of Humanity.
THE INDIANS.
11l looking over tbe accounts re
specting the InJian wars for a lew
mouths past, I have been deeply im
pressed with the thought that these
difficulties have cotn? upon us in con
sequence of bail policy on our part
How far the Indians have had provo
cation to warrant their present men
sun s. I know not It may be, per
haps, that so tic individuals have been
wronged by that class of the whites
residing near, whose motto is, "get
money by all the means in your
power."
I believe our policy towards the
Indians has been wrong in this respect,
viz. in neglecting their education.-*—
Having come into the country and
taben possessiou of the soil, political
economy, philanthropy and religion
r< quire that we as a christians oat ion
should civilize and christianize the
aborigines.
It may be denied, and doubtless
will be, that it would be expedient
in a political point of view t" instnic
the Indians. But ori Vvliat does lha l
strength and importance of a nation
depend, if not in Hie number, inielli
gencc. and virtue of iis inhabitants?
The Indians arc human brings endow
ed by nature with strong minds, ca
pable of vast improvement. In a
savage state, their minds, like a bar
ren waste, y ; eld no valuable harvest
Tl)oy are of little or no benefit to us.
But thev are not only useless, mere
ly in a pecuniary point.of view, but
are restrained from injury ai a great
expense. Several thousand soldiers
are deemed necessary for the present
seasoli, to protect the property and
lives of our western brethren. The
expense will not probably be less
than four or five, hundred thousand
dollars, besides a great wasto of
properly and many valuable lives.
Li l us suppose that a dozen mis
sionaries and school (cachets had
gone among them five years since,
and instructed them in the. principles
oi oui lioly religion, would they not
in all probability have prevented this
waste of human hie? Allow ing each
oi the twelve teachers .j()0 dollars a
tear, the expense tor live years past,
would be Only 30.000 dollars.
If it is true thai the effect of a
mission would liav# been to prevent
tjie present unhappy war, we see.
tluu more titan nine leutiis of the ex
pense might have been saved. 1
need not spend lime to prove that the
gospel has a tendency lo make man
ivimi humane, peaceable and friendly,
or that the tiibes would certainly
have become so, had the proper
means been taken with them. It is
sufficient to point any one who doubts
what would have been the result,
to iliose tribes of Indians where the
gospel has been son!. There is
scaicelv room in the mind of a can
did man lor a doubt but ten men with
the bible in their hands, and the
message of salvation 011 their tongues,
would effect more in protecting us
us iroui the attacks of savages than a
thousand with their instruments of
deatu. But the missionary must be
sent while the savage is in a state ot
quiet, when his mind is accessible to
the language of kindness and friend
ship. What he does he must do fey
way of prevention and not of remedy.
Why may we not as well pay our
thousands and hundreds of thousands
in saving the lives of the Indians and
blessing theirt with peace arnci happi-
ISTBI^tTS.
rsscaaa 0.
ness, as lo pay it for the work ot de
vaalion ami death?
Jt is wise in a political point
view (to say nothing of religion) fo r
us to instruct the Indians in the greu'
principles of right and wrong. W belf
ever tha motives of the guspel can
lie brought to bear on the minds of
savages, their barbarous custom#'
cease Why do wo not hear ,that the
Cherokees, tho Choctaw*, the Seue!
cas, and others who enjoy religious
instruction, are employed in rapine
and murder? Because the gospel
teaches them not to retaliate nor to
nvengo themseles, but to forgive.
Let the same gospel be understood,*
and felt through Jho land, and wars]
will come to a perpetual end. lam
confident I here fore (hat it will he al
together cheqpci in the end to civil
ize the Indians, than to endure their
vices and prelect llk in (Voui their
fury while they remain in the savage
slate. And not only so, but could
such n work of humanity and benevo
lence be done, it would be eminently
honorablo to our national character.
It would he setting an example wor*
thv of imitation to olhers, and bring
the blessing of thousands on our
heads.
ff est Clioctaic -Nation.—The ReK
L. S. Williams who accompanied
(he emigrating Choctaws west of the
Mississippi, writes to the Editor of
1 lie Philnddpliian, that they arrived
it li.e borders oI their netv home, a
bout the 12th of March-their jour
ney was n long and fatiguing route of
■i 11 on sand miles, 400 by land—about
51)00 Choc laws have reached (hat
new country—lß or 13 thousand
more are to follow them: The emi
grants appear favorable to civiliza
tion—the Christian part of them
liavo settled on the Red River; but
even in those distant wilds tlicv as&
not removed /rorii ihe influence oi*
bad white men—who flock about thin
poor people, getting either among
them, or as near them as possible, in
order to make a snoil of (hem and
their little all." Such is th<s testi
mony of an eye-witness,
Mr. H alsu speaks.of great solem
nity witnessed among some of the
emigrants—inn eased attrition !o rgi
Ii £• i ous se vices, mora fervency in
prayer, and the return o( backsliders.
Theie is an open door for missionaries,
ilo li.hi been at a Canip-nieeting op
pointed by ibe Methodist, and attend
ed by i or 8 of their preachers, who
nut bavin- been authorized to admin
ister iho Lord's supper, invited lum
to officiate in I hat ordinance. A
pluasing commentary en se'piariau*
ism.
From the New York Advertiser.
I lie Evening Post notices iy the?-
next place--
'The Indians and the Missionaries.
j—The propriety of the removal of the
Indians , (says tho Post) was two years
j ago a disputed question. Gen. Jackson
i was in favor uf the measure. Mr.
Clay opposed it. The house of Rep
resentatives supported the President,
and by appropriating A,.ids for the
purpose, reconciled justice to Geor
gia, with humanity to the Aborigines.
If Mr. C'ljy were now in tin? chair
there might be some difficulty in se
curing future appropriations for this
object. Uf late years he has shoivij,
no greiit skill or temper in adapting
himself to the decision of the people
But the missionaries! the impru
dent and deluded men, who bavo
brought not peace but a sword."
The propriety of the remo*al of
the Indians is still a disputed quesllffi '
and since the acts of Georgia have
been declared by the Supreme Court
of tho United States Unconstitutional,
and of course null and void, the pro
priety of suffering them to bo
•■d, lor the purpos# of driving off the
Indians, receives ten fold force in thfc
minds of all people., who wish to i/pi

xml | txt