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Cherokee phoenix, and Indians' advocate. [volume] (New Echota [Ga.]) 1829-1834, September 29, 1832, Image 3

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CHEROKEE PIIU3NIX*
NEW ECHOTA, Sept. 22, 1532.
'ilie letteref retignfliior.by the lateei'itor
of this paper, and published by him, sui
ting fqrth his indisposition to sustain the
the cause oC the Cherokees, wft perceive
has taken a wide range in the prints of the
United Slates. It has been eagerly and
conspicuously held up by the southern pa
pers who are immediately intererted irt
i'he acquisition oflndian lands, as a breach
<u the patiidic ranks of the Cherokee*, bv
which a treaty of cession may be Accom
plished. Ofthe contents of this letter,
we hoped, had passed U9 forever, like
Borne fleeting wind, to be heard of i.o more.
BiU the avidity with wnich the people of
the interested states, have received this!
letter, with which to revive their despon
dency, oflegally acquiring the Cherokee j
country, constrains us to tub'nit a few re-j
marks on the merit 9 of this letter togeth-j
er with his. subsequent comments on ,
the message of ill .- principal chief. The |
right of the late editor to change his opin
ions, on questions involving the dearest j
rights of N the Cherokees—questions of ex-*
pediency, or on any other whatsoever, we
i'eel ourselves bound not to question. '1 iie
change fif sentiment of the editor which
"this letter would seem to indicate, as dc
snaring of a redress of our wrongs, from
tlx; ]>rer oitt administration, is no doubt th>-
result of the continued oppression of the
' Cherokees, and an honest conviction, that
the CheroUees would be safer, could they
be removeifrom the cruel government o'
( he Georgians. Howevar valuable the
services of this once devoted patriot to
jur cause might have been, we must bear
the loss, with the consideration that the
jjal'ely •> any ciusc, are not exempt from
the uangers of human nature,&, the change
o/opinions. The,revolutions of nations
&changa of opinions are occurences ofe*e
ry day and every year. The change of th>
presont one is quite immaterial to u«, the
loss is but a drop from the bucket, it can
not move tlie Cherokee® from the stani
I lie yha ie taken; the body politic. and th
cd. E. a treaty let who will favor il will fin<
it as certainly premature, as it ; s revoltini
to the feelings of the I herr
fore, the Columbus Enquirer inav suHsf!
banner, and not until then will ihe Kn<jn:
rer render justice to his readers.
The joint letter' of Ihe members o
Congrcs to the principal chief, an
al'O referrfdto in this Inter, to provi
♦hehopelessness of' redressing the wrong
of the Cherokee? under the present ad
minis ration. While we would fe<*l grate
lul for the services of these highly enlight
enod and benevolent rien in advocating
the rights of the Cheroket-s and. tlieir re
lief, we must be permitted to point out tin
reasons, why the friends of the Cherokee!
in Congress deemed it necessary to advut
tlr> chief, of the difficulties existing, ai
part, of obtaining firm Congress relict foi
the Cherokees:—The decision «f ihe Sn
preme Court in the Missionary case pre
gtoss to the principal Chi f; this docisior
embraced all the rights which the Chern
kees claimed under their treaties, & is liv
'die constitution cl'thc t .S- binding on th«
President, members of Congress, and th»
United States. The President is sworr
o have the laws faithfully executed*, so ait
lit members of Congress to support tlif
;oiist>tution. This decision is made In
iittie of thiLconslitutionJ'. consequently h
he siVjtVemeTaw of the land.lt appearsthai
lie President claims to be the Judge o
hat decision And will refuse to he bounr
>y it. The refusal of the President to ex
•cute this docision is under the eon. titu
lon an impeachable oflence, these mem
lers then, as in n of integrity and virtue
ire bound at the next Conerc« to know
he cause of the non-execution of this de
cision. Ifthe President continues to re
use to be bound by it, the alternative o
on earhrnert is presented,an! what a spec
acle will this be to the world.' Congress
rraved against its President lev the vio
ation of the laws ef the land. A different
lo the infringement of their con-titutior
v iuld seem to us to amount to perjury
>f we must ho, - ve was the objec
if our I'l-iei.tls in Congress in addressing
lure the Cherokees lo change their situa
ion, & restore thai tr mqivditv & harmoi-.j
hat arc soesser.tiaily neccf.-a, jat this time
o secure the happines of all parties.-
fwe are correct in tho mo'.ivr-s; thai gav<
-ise to this It iter, by the members oi Cot.
'rev:, ihev never intended in convey thi
\ere • " cuvcrab'y lost.
i'lie letter of the -Judge of the S. court It
he pair chief we ueder«tanda!so,onl}
humciates the difficulties that are exist
ng in the way of our reli- 'f, & believes it
o be the sqfer course for the Cherokees to
Th 6 subjoined extract from the address |
of the National republicans of Vermont J
to their party in that St -<e, alleges against
President JacUson, as their objections to
his reelection, the violalio" of government
pledges fer the protection of the Indians—
his opposition to the decision of the Su
preme Courts for the release of the iin
: prisoned missionaries in thepen'tentiary of
j Georgia, and abettihg that Siate in the
! practical nullification of that decision. If
i the assertion of I acts were ever founded in
! iruth, they are of such a character as if
! the defendant had admitted them in open
court. The Cherokees have suffered
much, and it is Only by the election of a
nother president that they can espcet lb
i receive rest.
"The vindictive and persecuting I
spirit manifested by the present ad- |
'ministration towards the Aborigioes j
lof our country, demands a strong ex-!
I pressfbn (Si universal reprehension. — j
I Without discussing the question oi
;the political expediency of the re
moval of the Indians, it is enough to
know that the United States more
than thirty years ago in solemn treaty,
as iveil as in jreaties since made, te
sojpiised their exclusive right to their
lands, and their own mode of govern
j menl; that they pledged the sacred
I faith of the nation to protect them in
the unmolested enjoyment ol these
rights, to defend them from the en
croachments of, the surrounding
: whites, and from subjection to' the
j smte authorities; and iu fulfilment of
I these purposes armed' troops had been
stationed upon -their borders. Justice
and humanity roust pronounce upon
'his administration the charge oi a j
flagrant violation of the plepged G- !
tleiity of the nation, in the withdraw
al of these forces; in permitting the
while* to invade the Indian territory,
and to pillage their gold and flocks
herds; in permitting them even to j
burn their 4vvellings upon their heads,
and to subject tTiem to the most cruel
and unconstituLlsiia! enactments of
slate legislation. K-yen the messcn
geis of religian who gone. among
them with their approbation, and by
the authority and encouragement of
he National Executive, to impart to
hem the bjessiags of civil and chiis
lian life, were ca«t into prison, the
associates of common felons, for no
higher offence than for not leaving the
country a*the unauthorized bidding
of the State of Georgia. And when
they bad appealed tor relief to tha
Supreme Judicial tribunal ol'the land,
and when that tnbunal had pronounc
ed these proceedings unconstitutional
and void, and dirocted the release of,
the prisoners, is it not taue that the
President, wholly disregarding this
decision, arrayed himself on the side
of Georgia against the Federal Judi
ciary? Is it not true that his friends
in Congress, under his countenance
and sanction, made the bold attempt
to strike from tlie National Statute
Book, the eiitjie section from which
the Supreme Court of the United
Slates derives its jurisdiction, and
thus at ono fell blew to demolish this
sUoiig bulaik of our National safety?
While he has specisously disclaimed
the theoretical ihi Hi fie at ion of out:
state, has he not thus oneniy abatted
; the more treasoneble practical nulli
j tication of another?
NULLIFICATION vs. BAYONET.
From the Montgomery, A'»- Gazette.
Resistance. —Mr- Crawford the
Marshal for the Southern District o!
Alabama was p short time since re
sisted by a portion «f the white set
tlers in (lie Creek Nation, while at
tempting to carry into effect the Froc
fcilion of the President of the United
StatbSj ordering an immediate remov
al of intruders out.ql the limits of the
same. It appears that certain citi
zens formerly residents of the lower
part ei" this State, tuider the impres
sion that they Would he shielded by
I the 11 Sovereignty of the State," ma dp
I it convenient to build a town en In
dian lands, and to itamfc it Erwinton.
i Upon fhe Marshal arriving at the
spot, he distinctly informed them that
they had acted in direct violation ol
the instructions he had received troni
the Executive, and requested them
peaceably to leave. Thßjr refused to
comply with his request, and threat
ened him with their vangeancc.
In a short time alter, a detachment
of the Fodcral roops under the com
iiian io 1 a Lieu! ■-n;<nt were maiclieii
(loin Fort Mitchell to the spot, and
tii6 town consumed by lire* Upon
the news ol the conflagration, a pro
cess was issued against the _«i»uleu
ant who t'ommanded on the occasion,
for the purpose of bringing him be
fore th? civil authority ol Pike coun
ty, for a violation of '.ii6 laws ot the
Slate. The Deplity Sheriff attempt
ed to execute the process, and, in Uie
attempt, was pierced by a federal
I bayonet to such an exjent that Ins life
| life is despaired of —-and so ended the
! matter. A few days ago the Mar
] shal left VVetumpkie iqr tiie white
settlements in the -upper part oi the
Creek territory. What h<iS therfe
i been done we know not. So--uciiJot
I the doctrine of Jitilhjicati'on when put
into practice.
From tile (Lexington, Ky.) Observer ami
On the 23d the Courier and En
quirer, annomiced, the withdrawal a
Mr. Noah from that establishment,!
Mr. Webb having purchased his in
terest. An adsress of some length
to the public by Mr. Webb also ap
pears in the Courier and Enquirer of
this date, in tvhlch the writer, after
explaining the causes which have in
duced him to adopt this course, de
nounces Gei!. Jackson, and avows a
determination to oppose his re-elec
tit.n to tlie Presidency, regret
that we have not room in our columns
1 for the address. It is well written,
and deeply interesting. The tollcnv
j ing are the closing paragraphs,
i "I cannot conclude jhis paper, long
j as it is already, without again calling
j upon the honest patriots of the couittiy
I to pause and reflect upon the value
of our constitution) and the certain
destruction that awaits that sa
cred instrument if Andrew Jack
son should be re-elected arid the gov
ernment fall into the hands of a faction
ill Albany by reason of tin ir coaflu
about the :!e;'son of iho 1 resi
j Let them rally for the pres
ervation of tvhat is justly ths admira
tion of the world—let them preserve
unimpaired the rich legacy won by
the valor of our fathers and consecrat
ed to the sacred eause of restoring: to
mankind their natural and unalienable
rights. To the PEOPLE —to the
DEMOCRACY of the Union general
ly t'H-ould say —look to the currency
of the country—Of the Farmers,
the Mechanics, the Manufacturers
and Merchants of the Union, 1 vveuld
as | { —are you prepared to see our
currency destroyed, and one geneial
scene of distress pervade every quar
ter of our flourishing country? Of
the DEMOCRACY of New Y»rk 1
would enquire—are you prepared bv
voting for the re-election of Andrew
1 vCKsoNj to plaee for years, liv des
tinies of this great state in the hands
of a few leaders in Albany, who spec
ulate i pon your wants, deiide youf
complaints; and govern y(>u with a
rod of iron through a chain of local
Banks and tho application to party
purposes of the Finances of the
1 State?
licj>ortcr.
"It may be asked, and *vill) pro
priety. nby I have delayed this dec
laration of niv principles and my fu
ture course. The answer is a piain
one Mr. Noah was equally inter
ested with niyself in the proprietor
ship of the Courier & tinquirer, and
fliffolins as w£ do in our relation-i to
General Jackson, I could not act
throng the columns of our paper un
til hi^interest was extinguished; but
on the day that the Veto Message was
received, I openly declared my de
termination never to advocate the re
eloctbn of Andrew Jackson to tbo
Presidency. Ou this subject, there
fore, there has been no concealment,
and having succeeded in purchasing
Mr Noah's moiety of the establish
ment, 1 have frankly, fearlessly and
honestly rtevoted it to the cause oj
principle and to the preservation oj the
constitution of the country.
JAS. WATSON WEBB."
Indixtna Election. —The election in
Indiana has resulted in a victory to
the National Republicans. The last
received Wabash Courier gives re
turns from all (he counties but four.
The result is as follows:
Nat. Rep. Senators 22 )
do. Rep. 36 $
Jackson Senators 8 }
do. Rep. 3-1 jj
Majority for Clay
iX Sigm of the Times."—Under this
head, the Advocate and Journal oi
this tiiorning enumerates the following
secessions i rout Jacksonisui:
-Geo. Pitcher, member of Gongicss
fro pi New Yolk.
Mr. Russel, member of Congress
from Ohio.
Mi. Ir.vin, do. do. do;
Gen. Krepps, member of the Sen
ale ol Pennsylvania.
Mr. Miller, do. do. do.
Mr. Dunkip, member of the House
of Representatives o! Pennsylvania.
The New York Courier and Esqui
re r.
The Pennsylvania Inquirer.
The St. Louis Beacon, (Benton's
organ.)
The Bellefonte Patriot, Centre
county, Pa.
The Money Telegraph, Lycoming
county, Pa.
The Irish Pataint and Shield, Phil
adelphia.
The Monroe lledublican, Monroe.
SackeU's Harbor Courier.
Cincinnati - ! Daily Advertiser.
Two thousand Irishmen in Phila
delphia.
Twenty thousand Geormans in Phil
adelphia.
The Slale of Missouri
The State of South Carolina.
The State of Kentucky.
The State of Ohio.
The State of Indiana.
The State ofiLouisiana.
The State of Maine.
The State of New York.
The Stats x>{ Pennsylvania.
The following extract from the
Montreal Herald will show the opin
ion the Canadians entertain of the
doctrines of our Pepublicay Presid-
ent:
"If we refer to events which have
happened within a few short yes s»
we shal| perceive thijt in almost c •
ry nation, thfere have been "wars, r,
rumors of wars." France has had i< •
volution upon revolution—Spain and
Portugal hav« suffered Under tyranny
of despots—the Greeks have strug
gled for freedojn—l he Voles have;
fought for liberly— the Belgians
chosen a -kings and asserted their in
dependance: while Russia, the
ty empire, has endeavored, and is still
ondeavoring, to rivet the fetters of
slavery op those who have been 100
long under Iver galling dominion. In
South Ametica there have been chan
ges; even England has been sh.ikeri
by opposing parties; and it would ap
pear strange if amidst all these c.oin*
motions, the United States Ihould re.
main quiet and undisturbed. The
King is, or ought to be, the father
of his people; the Emperor is the
master of his Subjects; & the Pres't
of the United Strles is tlje servant of
the Sivcreign Ptople. Such out to
be Gen. Jackton. The Globe (his
own paper) says "iie was born to
command. He must and uillbe Pres
ident of (lie. United States!" This s
is telling the free citizens of the R -
I public that they were born to obt •• ;
:j Tind our Summery, rnder tie head f
Uftited States,.will show how this
■ ■ doctrJwi is received. »
"Euoli has been saitl in favor of
Republicanism; but, we (isk, has .that
form of government the superiority
over every other, which its advocates
boast of? It has been fairly tried in
the United States; am), i/ we are to
believe the report# ir! their papery,
we confess we see no cause at tlffi
present moment to oxivy our neigh
bors. The fact is. that political per
fection is not to be met with in any
part of tne world. Thy States have
Hsen rapidly in the scale of nations,-
ttnd their resources are almost irexr
haustible: but, as in other nM-ir-ns,
abuses have crept in, perhaps." si n*
siblv. and we were siiwut to s. v ;■ it
a revolution has actually taken place.
If ever there was a Ki>t«-, General
Jackson is one. He m«y not have
been proclaimed as such, nor had a
crown of sold tr> pies* his brow: yet
he bar d ided like a Kir<&, or rathe?
like an Kmperor; and. accnstoiried as
the Americans r.re to independence,
wo are not surprised that these who
placed him in office should fivelalai Di
ed, when he has ecnlured to C| j'fse
what a majority of the re presentehves
of the nation deemed nccessaiy for
! their prospe.ity."
L'ltefl Cholera Reports.
cases. deaths
Washington, 2 days, 26 13
Baltimore, 2 days, |.'JalK
Providence, 3d 4 0
Snhna, 28th 0 5
Kingston, 2Slh 0 1
Columbiaville. Ist 0 1
Slilvvcsant leading, 2 ft
Alliens, village 4 £
Alliens, town 3 1}
Newark, last week 6 X
Trenton, 1 week 1 0
Catteraon, 1 do. 2G 6
Albany, Ist 2 1
Troy, 28tl> 3 I
Rochester, 30th 3 3
Cttfl'alo, 1 week 4 8
Norfolk, 29th 0 3
Montreal, 20th 3 0
Quebec, Mfcfc 8 if
N. Haven, 1 week 17 4
The Troy Board of Health have
ceassd making daily reports; but
should circumstances require it, a
report will be made cverv Soturday.
There had been but 4 cases of chole
ra during the week ending I lie 3d in
stant and they arose from eati ig green
• ruit, kc.
St- Louis, August 16.
A man calling himself AbijJ S.
Parkinson was a'pprehcndefl in» this
place on Sunday morning fast, for
passing spurious Bank bills. N.ote*
ilo the amount of $2,150, of the de
nomination ol $5, on (he Salem anci
Philadelphia Manofacturiu* Compa
ny, R- Craven, Pre. were found in
his possession. The plate is hsnd
soi/iely executed, and the bills well
calculated to deceive those who are
not aware, that thare is no Such insti
tution in existence Abel, not being a»
ble to prove his innocence, was fulljr
commuted for trial.

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