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Fr«m the Providence Journal. BATTLE OF LAKE ERIE Twenty years ago, this day, (Sep tember 10,) the Americn Squadron on Lake Erie, commanded by a lamented son of Rhode Island, obtained over a superior force a victory ever memora ble in our naval history. The greater part of the gallant men who participated in the achievements of the 10th of Sep tember, 1813, no longer survive tore call its soul-stirring recollections, or to enjoy the gratitude of their country men. A new generation is fast coming upon the stage, to whom, as well as to tire survivors of that glorious day, some of the particulars of the engagement will, it cannot be doubted, be highly acceptable. There is iio date or limita tions to the deeds of our deienders by sea or land. They are and ever will be recent to the memory and the heart .of every American patriot. The briei history which follows, is, for the most part, abridged from the Analectic Magazine for 1313, and some interest ing facts are gathered Irom a surgical account by Or. Usher Parsons, of this city, published in 1318, in the New England Journal of Medicine, Stc.— O:". Parsons, from the illness oi the chief Surgeon, had the entire charge of the wounded on board ot'the squadron. There were nine vessels under the command of Com. Pekry, mounting 54 guns, the two largest carrying 20 guns each; the others, which were quite small from Ito 4 guns The num ber of guns on the British side was 63, in 6 vessels, four of which c'arried from 10 to 19 guns each, having thus a de cided advantage in weight of metal.— On the morning of the 10th, tl\e Ameri can Squadron, then lying in*; Put-i -n Bass Island, en emy and stood for them. "At 10, A. M., the wind hauled to the south-east, and brought our Squadron to windward. Com. Perry then hoisted his Union Jack, having for a motto the dying, words of the valiant Lawrence, "Don't give up the ship." It was receiver! with repeated cheerings by the officers and crews. And now, having formed his line, ho bore for the enemy, who likewise clear for action, and hauled up bis courses. It is deeply interesting to picture to ourselves the advances of tho3e gallant and well matched Squad rons to a contest where the strife must be obstinate and sanguinary, and the event decisive of the fate of almost an empire. The lightness of the wind ac casloned theui to approach, each other but slowly, and prolonged the awful interval of suspense* and anxiety that precedes a battle. This is the time when the stoutest heart beats quick, 'and the bolde.st holds his breath:' it is the still m ment of diret'ul expectation, of fearful looking out for slaughter and destruction, when even the glow of pride and ambition is chilled for a while, and nature' shudders at the awful jeopardy. The very order and regulari ty of is aval discipline heighten the dreadful quiet of the moment. No bus tle, no noise prevails to distract the mind, except at intervals the shrill pip ing of the boatswain's whistle, or a whisper among the men, who, grouped round their guns, earnestly regard the movements of the foe, now and then steal "a wistful glance at the counten ances of their commanders." As soon as the Lawrence, Perry's flag-ship* came within reach of the en my's guns, which were longer than her own, a heavy fire was opened upon her, which was returned as soon as she had gained a nearer position, but with very unequal effect. This greater length of guns gave a great advantage to the British Squadron. "Their shot pierced her sides in all directions, kill ing our men on the birth deck and in the steerage, where they had been ta ken down to be dressed. One shot had nearly produced a fatal explosion; pass ing through the light-room, it knocked the snuff of the candle into the maga gine; fortunately the gunner happened to see it, and had the presence of inind to extinguish it immediately with his hand." The object of the enemy seemed to lie to destroy the Lawrence first. Com. Perry saw this intention, and attempt ed to bear up and carry the British flag-ship by boarding; but he was pre vented by the tremendous fire, which cut his rigging entirely to pieces and rendered his vessel unmanageable.— With onlv a few guns to bear on the enemy, she sustained their fire for more than two hours within canister distance. "The Lawrence was reduc ed to a mere wreck; her decks were streaming with blood, and covered with mangled limbs and the_ bodies of the slain; nearly the whole of her crew was either killed or wounded: her guns were dismounted, and tho Commodore aid his officer helped to work the last that was capable of service." "At this crisis, finding the Lawrence waa incapable of r urther service, and seeing the hazardous situation of the conflict, Com. Perry formed the bold resolution of shifting her flag. Giving the ship, therefore, in charge to Lieut. Varnall, who had already distinguish ed himself by his bravery, he hauled down his union, bearing the motto of Lawrence, and taking it under his arm, ordered to be put on board of the Ni agara, wiiich was than in close engage ment. In leaving the Lawrence, he gave his pilot choice either to remain on board, or to accompany him: the faithful fellow told him 'he'd stick by him to the last,' and' jumped into the boat. The Commodore went off from the ship in his usual gallant manner, standing up in the stern of the boat, until the crew absolutely pulled him down among them. Broadsides were levelled at him, and small arms dis charged by the enemy, two of whose vessels were within musket shot, and a third one nearer. His brave ship mates who remained behind, stood watching him in breathless anxiety: the balls struck around him, and flew over his head in every direction."— Shortly after he left, the Lawronce struck. Finding the Niagara but little injur ed, Com. Perry bore up, parsed the squadron of the enemy, giving them a a raking tire, and laid his ship along side the British Commodore. Captain Elliot had previously volunteered to put off in a boat and bring up the small vessels which had been kept astern by the lightness of the wind: and these having, under his direction, got within grape and canister distance, and keep ing up a well-directed fire, the whole of the enemy struck, excepting two small vessels, which were taken in fieir attempt to escape. The engagement lasted about three hours. The enemy had not only a greater weight of metal, but larger crews. In ours the want of good sea men was eked out with soldiers, vol unteers and boys—however, all hands worked well together, and fought like heroes. There were many also on the sick list: sixty men in the Lawrence ana Niagara were thus unfit for duty. The loss on both sides were severe. Scarce ly any of the Lawrence's escaped un hurt. Lieut. Brooks of the marines was among the slain. Com. Perry nut withstanding his constant exposure, es caped unhurt: his life was probably saved by w earing a:i ordinary seaman's dress; The situation of the acting surgeon, who, without partaking; the excitement o! attack and defence, was exposed to all the dangers of the action, was peculiarly trying; and the cool self possession and intrepidity manifested by him on this occasion conferred upon him a lasting" honor. "Part of the time the men fell on board of her (the Lawrence) faster than they could be taken below. The vessel being shallow built afforded no cockpit or place of shelter for the woun ded; they were therefore received on the ward room floor, which was on a level with- the surface of the water.— Being only nine or ten feet square, this floor was soon covered, which made it necessary io pass the wounded out into another department, as fast as the bleeding could be staunched, with lig atures or tourniquet. Several after re ceiving this treatment were again woun ded, among whom was midshipman Lamb, who received a cannon ball in the chest; and a seamen brought down with both arms fractured, was after wards struck by a cannon in both low er extreraeties." Jour. p. 314. The Commodore was obliged to call up the last of the men from below who were sent to assist in moving the woun ded. "In fact many of the wounded themselves took the deck again at this critical moment. Our prospects nev ertheless darkened, every new visitor from the deck bringing tidings still more dismal than the last, till finally it was announced that we had struck. The effect of this on the wounded was distressing in the extreme: medical aid was rejected; and little else could be heard from them than 'sink the ship,' 'let us all sink together.' But this state of despair was short." V.'JEhe action terminated shortly after thffc o'clock, and of about 100 m6n reported fit for duty in the morning, (on board the Lawrence) twenty-one were found dead and sixty-three woun ded. The whole number of wounded in the squadron was ninety-six: but three dead." One circumstance very favorable to the recovery of so many is justly sta ted to have been "the happy state of mind which victory occasioned. The observations made on the wounded of three engagements are convincing that this state of mind has greater effect than hasgenerally beensupposed - , sk.that the surgeon on the conquering side will, other things being equal, be more successful, than the one who has charge of the vanquished crew." p. 31G. I The vessels of the enemy were very 1 much )eut to pieces. Cojan. Barclay and his officers and men made a gal lant and obstinate resistance. The Commodore had been desperately woun ded at the battle of Trafalgar, and lost |an arm in another engagement. In jthis, his remaining hand was shot a ' way. The first care of Perry was to attend to the comfort of the suffering crews of both squadrons. The sick and wound ed was landed as soon as possible, and every i|ieans taken to alleviate the miseries of their situation. The offi cers who had fallen on both sides, were ( buried 01? Sunday morning, on an isl and in the lake, with the honors of war. The generous and magnanimous con duct of the American commander, won for him from the British Commodore the frank and warm acknowledgment, that "the conduct of Perry toward the captive officers and men was sufficient of itself to immortalize him." He announced his glorious victory to the Secretary of the .vavy in laconic terms "It has pleased the Almighty to give the arms of the United Stati s a signal victory over their enemies on this lake. The British squadron con sisting of two ships, two brigs, one shoonei, and one sloop, have this mo ment surrendered to the force under my command, after a sharp conflict " "Iji this battle, we trust incontro vertible proof is given, if such proof were really wanted, that the success of our Navy does not arise from chance, or superiority of force, but from the cool, deliberate courage, the intelli gent minds and naval skill of our offi cers, the spirit of our seamen, and the excellent discipline of our ships: after having perfectly established our capa bility of fighting and conquering in sin gle ships, we have now gone further and shown that it is possible for us to face the foe in squadron, and vanquish him, even though superior in force." From ihc Philadelphia!! Mrs. Sigowney on Tight Lacing.— The injuries arising from compression of the vital parts are too numerous to be here recountered. Multiplied forms </f obstructed circulation, nervous dis eases, and organic affections, are in their train. A physician, .eminently skilful in tile melancholy science of insanity, asserls that tight lacing is a proline source ni'mental derangement. Another medical gentleman, who has been led by philautnropy to investigate this point, assures the public thai iltou sand* die annually from the severe dis cipline of busk and corsets. The fright ful internal ravages thus produced, have been too often illustrated by dis section to admit of a doubt. Habits of tight lacing are the more dangerous, because no one will ac knowledge tuem. Those evils that shun the light and shelter themselves in subterfuges, are ever the most difli cult to remedy. A great part of that energy which might tend to their re form is wasted in hunting them from their hiding places. Has any young lady been known to acknowledge that she was destroying herself—that she was even uncomfortable from tight lacing! Yet the suppressed sigh, the labored respiration, the suffused countenance, the constrained movement, confess what the lips deny. Pulmonary and spinal diseases, lunacy and the grave, reveal the rest. But is it possible, that in these days of improved *nd diffused education, any young female can stake the well being of her mind, and the duration of her ex istenca upon a circumstance of dress? Can she impede that functions of these mysterious agents, which the Almighty has put in motion, Si make her shorten ed life a living death? Can she throw a blinding illusion over those who would save her, and like the Spaitan culprit, conceal the destroyer that feedfupon her heart's blood? IVe know that ii is so! And who that has tasted the omnipo tence of fashion will doubt it? This is not the only sacrifice of health which he imposes. Hut it is a prominent one, St. let mothers look to it. Let them not be satisfied with testimony when demonstra tion is m their power. Let them pos sess themselves of the rudiments of anatomy. Let them at least be fully aware of the danger of stricture in the region of the lungs and heart, especial ly during their period of developmet. Yet lettbein not linger till morbid hab it have acquired strength. Their min istry is among the elements of char acter. Let them teach even over the cradle, that "this body is the temple of the Holy Ghost." Let them early root from the minds of their daughters, that frivolous and mad principle, that the healthfwl actions of their minds, and the perfect use of the organs through which it speaks, are secondary to the vanities of dress. If they have receiveed from the great Creator, the gifts of a "sound mind and a sound body," instruct them that they are to account for both. If they deliberately permit sin to enslave, or fashion to maim the other, * 4 how shalt they answer it to their Judge? And how shall the mother answer it, who when the soul was put into her hands as a waxen tablet, suffered folly to deepen its impressions there, and vanity to trace its thousand likenesses, and fashion to puff out her feverish breath on the lines than virtue had writ ten until what might have been polish ed for heaven, was sullied and melted away. L. H. S. Hartford, Ct. May 11, 183.3. eng; ham in Tea and Coffee Drinking.—The Lou don Lancet gives an account a of meet ing of the Lond. Med. Soc. at which a discussion arose concerning the effects produced by the habitual use of tea and coffee. A paper was read, the author of which condemned both these articles in decided terms, and had kept a record of many cases tending to confirm his views. The President declared, in general, that he coincided with the writer in his opinion. Mr. Proctor contended, that though the use of tea might be injurious to dyspeptic per sons, or to other persons in the morn ing, his own experience had taught hun that it was beneficial in the even ing. Dr. Shearman thought, that there were few members of the Society who had not derived material benefit from these much slandered fluids. Dr. Uwins entertained the same opinion. He declared himself "a slave to the teapot," and thought the substitution of tea for the more sub stantial diet of our forefathers, an ad vantageous change. Dr. Cholmon dely believed, that whenever tea pro ducpd any ill effect, it was owing to the use of unreasonably strong solu tions. 'He was acquainted with one case, in which it afforded unifrom relief fro 111 ;iovere li-'ud-aclie. Dr. Whitney was of the same opinion. His expert enc! was at war with that of Mr. Procter, because he found the use of tea higlilv beneficial in the morning, Si pernieL-.i-i ■> 1 the e« er.ing, v.iirn it was apt to occasion a trasby kind of sleep. The writer of the paper, Mr. Cole, serve the eh'ect of *ea upon their pa tients, instead oait<.'iu.-e!vcs, they would change theii opinio.i. Dr. Shearman suggested, that the mischief, when any war, experienced o<\injr to the sugar mixed with the solution. It is some what singular, that a question which century ago, should be-as far from be ing settled as ever. Of a Nocii <i/ti LUercsung Weekly Publication to be commenced in the Ciiy of Philadelphia on Satur day, 6th July, ensuing, TO BE ENTITLED i- HIE SPY m PHILADELPHIA, 't AN D s- SPIRIT OF THE AGE. 11 TT * s very- philosophically observed y by Addison, that our greatest pride e arises from our doing good to each oth- LS er; or, in other words, from being indi '' vidually serviceable to society. This can be best effected by a proper appli- ! > cation of our intelligences, meeting '' them out according to the necessities of tha community, and less lamenting l ' tha decline of public virtue than cheek ing the progress of public vice: for s vice retarded is virtue advanced. As y the direction and discussion of mea g sures of national and state policy are the business of the daily press, the lull ? application of Addison 's remark is ue e cesaarily neglected, and the conse y quence is, that vices, shielded by wealth i- and worldly influence, are abroad a a mong the people, not only unsuspected, d but courted and required, and that a t, publication is necessary which will not 11 only detect, but exhibit these wolves ■' in sheep's clothing—a mark by which i- others will be warned from their in s tent, and a service be rendered to so e ciety. In effecting this object, we s- shall pursue a yet. untrodden path; one, e where the necessary thorn shall be - mingled (not concealed) with contrast i- ing flowers. The manner of the " Spy >f in Philadelphia" shall be perfectly del y icate, and uncontaininatcd by cant or e vulgarity; its censure shall be judi cious, its satire chaste. Literature and the Arts shall find in it an untired and i- zealous friend: Dramatic and Literary - criticisms shall meet with most atten tive and impartial study, and sketches e of the Bar and Pulpit of Philadelphia if shall Occasionally appear from the pen >t of competent judges, uninfluenced by t personal acquaintance or professional e attachment. To these recommenda e fions, our Poetical column will add an h other, which, coming from an already s popular source, will, we trust, be equal n to that of more pretending publications, d It is unnecessary to be more explicit, t as we presume the want of the propos . Ed journal is not only admitted, but o generally fell. fVc, therefore, place . ourselves before the PEOPLE, and, they how ; PROSPECTUS relying upon their love of justice and of public virtue, await their decision respectfully, but confidentially. CONDITIONS. The first No. of the "Spy in Phil a j delphia" will be issued on the Ist Sa turday in July. It will be printed on fine white paper, in eight large qiiarto pages, and good type, and will be em bellished with Engravings illustrating I some of the subjects treated of. The' 1 advantages of the proposed and more portable size will be estimated Dy its contents being rendered worthy of pre servation for amusing or instructive re» ference. The terms are $2 per an num, payable in advance, or $2 50 if not paid before the expiration of six months. Agents will be allowed a dis count of 10 per cent, for all subscri bers they shall obtain, on remitting one year's payment in advance, or be coming responsible for the same, and a gratuitous copy of the paper. All orders must be addressed (post paid) to WM. HILL &. Co., No. 1, Athenian Buildings, CTiila, June 2u, 1833. to a GSiNraaous public. THE Maryville has been before the public more than a year. | Uncouth and uninviting in its lii.st appearance, and slow in its growth since; by some it was pronounc ed premature, while others oontidenti a!ly predicted that it could not be sus tained. Its original projectors Jiowev er, were not to be driven from their purpose by slight difficulties. They felt that a religious paper published at home, if properly conducted, was cal culated to do immense good. And they were unwilling to believe, that there was not public spirit and piety enough, in this section of the country, to support such a paper, until the expe riment was fairly made. That notwith standing the occasional irregularity and bad printing of the Intelligencer, its patronage has gradually increased, we consider an omen for good, and regard it as expressing the wish of a libera! public for success. Prompted by a de sire to respond to such a wish, arrange ments have been entered into, which, we trust, will add to the respectability and interest of our paper. The subscribers have entered into a partnership, and hereafter will make the conducting of the Intelligencer a joint concern. While the editor will continue to preside over the editorial department as heretofore, his partner will de\<te his whole time to the con rerns of ihe office, and pledges himself to make tne .i.oonanical execution of the paper respectable. No altciation in the character of the paper is contemplated. To promote the c;i.use of literature and especially religion, to circulate general informa ,ti<;n relative to the cause of Christ throughout,the world, to give the most interesting domestic and foreign news and to publish such miscellaneous ar tides as we think will be useful and in teresting, shall be our object. Upon the importance of a religious newspaper we need not dwell. No fam ily, and especially none embracing children and youth, should be without one. Many pious families begin to feel the necessity of such a paper. They regard it as a powerful auxiliary in lead ing their children in the paths of virtue, and training them up for active useful ness.—And in retrenching their ex penses they consider it vcrij bad econo my to commence with the newspaper. Each family should have a paper of its own, that, when once read, it may be put on file for future reference. The interesting revivals with which God is so remarkably blessino- hia churches in this land, which we shall notice from time to time, cannot fail to add additional interest to our pat per, in the mind of every lover of Zi»u. SO®*We now solicit our friends, who wish us success, to renew their efforts to increase our list of subscribers. If each one would do but a little, the ag gregate would be of much value to us° P. A. PARHAM. DARIUS HOYT. August 31, 1833. KIJWARD. RAN A.WAA front the subscriber,, living in Lowndes county, Ala bama, on the Bth of May last, two ne gro men, named MARION &. PLUM MER Marion is 23 years old, five feet six or seven inches high, dark complected. Plummer is 18 years old five feet six or seven inches high, spare made, complexion black. The above reward will ba given to any person who will secure said ne groes in any Jail, so that 1 get them, and give information to me at Lovvn desborough, Ala. ScyThe Expositor, the Cherokee Phcenix, and the Knoxville Republican, will please insert the. above for one month, and forward their accounts to' me at Lowndesboro', Ala. for •lay ment. NATHANIEL REESE. August 24—lm.