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Herald of the times. [volume] (Newport, R.I.) 1830-1846, May 12, 1830, Image 1

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VOL. 1.
Orrick, corner of Thames-street and Sher
man’s wharf, a few doors south of the Brick
Market ;7 Entrance first door down the wharf.
Price two dollars per annum, if the whole is
paid in advance—two dollars 12} cts if paid in
six months, or two dollars 25 cts. if paid at the
eapiration of the year, |
Inserted at the customary prices.
—et® @ Qe
Mr. George A. Polter, Providence,
Dr. Lemuel W. Briggs, Bristol,
Dr. Thos. P. Moore, Warren,
Capt. George Lawlon, Tiverton,
Mr. Thomas Cook, New Bedford.
Mr. J. Southwick, Fall River.
W;Mydéu lo thes g"l/iu
Are respectfully solicited.
In the House 3/‘ Representalives, April
13th, before the Committee of the Whole, on'
the bill to construct a Nalional Road from'
Buffulo, in the State of New York, pasaing!
by the seat of Government in the dustrict of
Columbia, to New Orleans, in the State
of Louisiana—
Mr. Hubbard, of New Hampshire,
having concluded his remarks, Mr.
Pearce, of Rhode-Island, addressed the
Committee as follows:
Mr. Chairman: As I have finally suc
ceeded in placing myself upon this road,
not, as you know, without a struggle,
how long I shall remain upon it, I can
not now say: but I assure you, it is not
my wish to travel it from one end to the
other, a distance of thirteen hundred
miles, and, as some gentlemen have told
us, more than that: lest, said Mr. P.,
(pointing to some notes before him,) 1
should faint by the way side. I have
taken with me some viands from which I
can receive relief, if any should be want
ed. I cannot, however, read to you a
speech, for I never was able to write one
before 1 obtained the floor, on any
question or spbject under discussion, and
never able to write out one, after I had
finished my remarks. In either case,
I could employ the gentleman now in
my e{e, (M[:' Stanberry,) much better
than I could employ myselif.
The gentleman who has just taken
his seat will excuse me, if I do not fol
low his example. I appear before the
committee, under circumstances some
what different from those of many others.
It has been said that New én land,
New York, and several other States,
have no direct interest in this road, and
that, therefore, there is no reason why
they should contribute their support to|
the bill, or their money to carry it into
effect. The opposition has been urgcd,’
not merely on grounds of principle, but
appeals have been made to the worstl
feelings of our mature—to the selfish
feelings of individual interest—as if
nothing ought to be done by any gentlc-:
man on this floor, unless it contributes
immediately and directly to the interest|
of his individual district, of the State!
from which he comes. Mr. Chairman, I'
am influenced by no such feelings, and
am prepared to say what gentlcmen!
have told me was true, that Rhode-lslandl
has no interest in thisroad. What then?
If the Nation has an interest, is it rightl
to withhold my vote, and refuse this’
measure my support? Others can speak
for themselves, but it is sufficient for mc,l
if this road will contribute to the benefit
of the country at large; that conviction'
is sufficient to command my vote, and,l
in obeying it, I have no doubt I shall be
sustained by those I am proud to repre-'
sent. I know that designs of this kind
present ve‘r‘a different subjects for le'%-l
islation. ¢ have all seen this di -'
culty. Some gentlemen, with all their
Constitutional scruples, would not Imve‘
any serious scruples to this road, if it
could pass through their District : At‘
any rate, if it must be made, the route
through their district is the proper route,
notwi&otanding all the Engineers have
said upon the subject. The road is as
sailed by objections, the most vurious,|
and frequently the most opposite kind:
For some, it is too far West; for some,
not for enough; for some is too long, lgnd|
ought to terminate at Memphis—llooking
towards Téxas; for others it,is too short,l
and ought to go to Boston by the way of
Lake ghampflin—Ono thing is certain
—it is too long and unmanageable to be/
laid upon the bed of Procrustes, and
shortened and stretched to meet the
views oy gratify the wishes of every one.
Mr. Chaiman, if mere local feelings are_
to influence us in all the proceedings of
this House, what can ever be done for’
the good of the Union? So far as relates
to me, I merely ask myself, whether u!e'
scheme that is proposed is calculated in
its nature to confer benefits on the whole
country, without reference to any partic
ular gection of country?
It is not familiar to us all, that although
'the Western portion of the Union is ¢n- |
titled confessedly to an armory some I
‘where upon its waters, yet, owing to lo- |
‘cal disputes, and sectional differences to
!interests, the site has been a bone of
contention for many ycars. From the:'
time I took my seat as a member of this
'House, to the present period, there has I
'been among gentlemen from the West, a:i
sharp and ammated debate on this sub
ject. Sume have thought that Pittsburyg
jwas the most eligible situation, some
i\Veat Tennessee, some North Carolina;
3and others, among whom, I can name
.the gentleman from Kentucky, (Mr.|
Johnson,) and his predecessors, that the
IDis(rict of country which he represents’
jis the place which should be selected for |
.that purpose; and from all I can learn
‘upon the subject, I think, with him and
them, that it is—but so far as relates to
‘my present argunent, not but that the'
necessity for an armory some where up
!on the \{’estcm waters existed, yet, ow
ing to the divisions and differences which
'have existed, none has been established,’
‘and none will be so long as they shall |
continug. If they cannot among them-'!
‘selves agree, they have no ri*fxt, and |
cannot with propriety arraign the gov-‘|
ernment for withholding the appropriutiun_}
jof money necessary to commence an es
‘tablishment of this description, The re- |
‘marks which I have made relative tothe
'Westcrn Armory will apply with equal
iforcc in reference to the cstuhlishment'
jof a Military Academy in the Western
'section of our country. More than]
(twelve years ago, a bill passed the cqm—l
mittee of the whole House, establishing
‘a Military Academy inthe Western scc
tion of our country; but it was defeated
\because gentlemen from the West would
\not agree upon the place where it should
'be located. Both the House and the
:country assented to the design. But;
jsuch was the struggle of local interests,
;that members here could never ngrce.—-'
In reference to this bill, Mr. Chuirmnn,ll
[nnd the proposed route of this. road, it is
'suflicient for my purpose and my vote,l[
'thut it comes to us under favorable aus-|
H:iccs, and recommended by those wlml
“ ave no interest in this or that route,’
ywhich does not belong to them as mem-,
"bers of this confederacy. The Chair
man of the committee, who at a forn-cr!
Session reported a bill, in the words of|
'this, or simular to it, is a gentleman, (Mr.t
IMerccr,) we all know, has given as
’much attention, and devoted as much
time to subjects of this kind, as any mem
‘ber of this House; and no one will deny
‘that on this and similar subjects, his zeal
‘has been untiring, and his exertions in
'defatigable. The venerable gentleman,
(Who, at this session, reimrted the bill inl
(favor of this road, (Mr. Hemplhill,) comes
'from a State that 1s identified with inter
;nal Improvements; and at home, in ref
‘ercnce to objects of this description, he
s first among his peers. What motive,
1 have a right to ask, has either of those
‘gentleman to prefer one route to the other,
independent of the general good? None, I
‘think I am warranted in saying. Sir|
'during the pendency of the bill, and
this discussion which has taken place, I
‘have watched the movements of the
'Chairman of the Committee on Internal
Improvements, and verily believe, if ev
‘er a man was actuated by pure and dis
/interested motives, having the welfare
jof the Union in view, and that alone, in|
reference to any measure, the vencrablc!
‘head of our Committee has been so in-,
fluenced, guided, and directed. In ad
dition to the recommendations of this!
!route from the several committees refcr-'
red to, it is recommendcd by the officers,
'of the Engineer Corps, who, it will not
be prctengcd, could Ka\'c had any pcr-‘
sonal interest in the recommendation.—
An examination of their report will ac-l
'quaint ns with the reasons and grounds
'of their preference. Among other re:x-i
sons by which all should be influenced,|
‘we are told that if hereafter it should be’
‘thought advisable to macadamise thc:
‘road, the expense of macadamising the/
Western route would not be so freut as!
either of the other routes, by twelve hun-!
(dred thousand dollars. So far,then, as cx-l
pense is concerned, and judging from thc'
‘information which comes before me, to-|
'gether with the recommendation of the,
‘present and former committee, I am led
to conclude that the Western is the pre-:
ferable route for us to adopt. Let it bei
-remembered, that in settling this ques
tion,we are notto be governed excluslvuly'
by a state of things which may now exist,
‘but should look forward to tho futum,‘
‘and although the population on a partic-:
:ular route mn{ be spare 4t present, we
must look to the resources of the country’
'as they will exist when fil“i developed
by the facilities which such an avenue/
and communication as this road will open'
'to them. We are not to legislate in this
matter for to-day, but for years and cen-'
'turies to come. For myself;, Mr. Chair
'mnn, I am, perhaps, less encumbered in
\giving a vote than some gentlemen may
Igc. nfi have no constitutional scruples 10;
!impede me, nor have I any difl'crence|
from a former course to embarrass me,
1 shall vote now as I have voted hereto
fore, for my course hus, on questions of
this description, been uniform, the same!
yesterday, to-day, and with my present
convictions, will be forever, Asto local
feclings, thank God, there are none to
divert me. I have none to lead me to
prefer the upper to the lower route ; my
great desire has been to ascertain which
‘would be best for the country at large ;
and if I have been so fortunate as to
make this discovery, I am satisfied.
I I might, in that spirit of selfish feeling
which has been manifested by many gen
tlemen who have addressed the commit
tee in relation to this road, inquire what
hus been done by this government for
Rhode-Island ? '{‘lm answer must be,
nothing to improve its internal condition
by appropriations for roads and canals:
not a dollar to give us new rouds or to
improve the condition of our old ones, 1|
am happy in sayfig we want no money
from the public chest for that purpose ;
our common roads are better than the
best turnpikes in this part of the country;
and our best, better than all the money
in the treasury, or all the surplus fund,
when the national debt is paid, can
make some roads here. In relation to,
the general distribution, it may be said
we have had our share on other subjccts,l
and if it has been a small one, it has
been in proportion to the comparative
size of our State. What has it been?
I was so fortunate once, and not with
out a struggle, and in eflecting what 1
had in view received more aid from the
other branch of the legislature than this,
to procure for the improvement of one
lol' the harbors in Rhode-Islind, an ap
lpropriatiun of four thousand dollars: this
'sum, I contend, was not for our exclu
sive benefit, any more then the several
llight houses on our points and promnntn-:
ries; it was the benefit of the navigation
and commerce of the whole country.—
But it may be retorted, that very umpor
tant fortifications have been projccted,
and actually commenced in l‘:»hude-ls-]
land. It is true these works are within
our State, but I did not consider Rhode-
Island under any special obligation to the
government, because the ercction of
these fortifications was not fromany spe
cial regard to us. ’
The appropriations were the necessary
result of our peculiar situation in refer
ence to the coast of the Union. ' Withont
these fortifications one link would have
been wanting in the grand chain of de
fences of our sca board; without fortify
ing Newport, neither New York nor the
Chesapcake could be defended. From
the communications which were made!
by the executive, at the cmnmencementl
of the session, it appears that his eyes,
the attention of the Secretary of the|
Navy, and the board of Navy Commis
sioners, have been directed to the wa
ters of Narragansett Bay, in Rhode Is
land, as a place for one of the grand naval
establishments of the country. And
why? Because that State had any claim
for large appropriations for her benefit?
Not at all—but owing to our location; it
has been found, that our waters, our
noble and capacious harbor presented a
better place for a naval depot than was.
elsewere to be found. lam still there
fore, warranted in saying, thatin rcgard!
to any improvement of the resources ofl
the country, nothing, or next to nothing
has been J);nc, or projected for the State
from which I come. Yet lam not, be-|
cause the Government hus heen less lib-l
eral in its grants than many in the State
that I represent could wish, or perhaps’
all desire, to be influenced by scctional}
considerations or sectional designs. Is|
this any reason why I should withhold my
support from any object which is national‘
in its character? I trust not. A gcntlcmnn'
from N. York [Mr. Monell] said a few’
days ago, that his State had knocked at
your door in vain, and because the gen
tleman’s State received nothing, he in‘l
‘now opposcd tothis bil. He shoulld rcco!—l
lect more cspecially, as he seems to hnve'
‘some constitutional scruples, that the leg
islature of his state had none for the np—l
pointiaent of agents to solicit the aid of
government, in constructing their great,
canal was a recognition of the consti
tutional power to aid works of this kind.‘
Other reasons might have induced thc‘
refusal beside opposition to the principle’
of internal improvements, the party then
in power might have been opposed to ap
‘propriations for internal improvements;
but since a change has taken place in
this respect, is their conduct on that oc
casion a good reason for voting against
this bill now? Surely not. I;ic gov
ernment of the United States at the time
that application was made, might not
have been in a situation from inability to
grant the aid solicited. But, sir, it is
not too late for New York to obtain the
aid of this government for enlarging Ler
aystem of internal improvements, and ex
tending them still farther than at present,
She has fiom all that appears a dispo
sition to do this too ? bills have been re
ported at this session, to authorize sub
scriptions to the stock of two of her ca
nals; inceptive measures have been taken
tothe improvement of the navigation of the
, Hudson ; an appropriaton has been made
to defray the expense of the survey of a
canal to be cut through a neck ol'yland
‘near Hurl Gate: we have been notiiied
‘that something will be hereafter requir
ed to imrruvc the navigation of Black
viver. las New-York in fact receiv
‘ed no aid? Nothing to aid her in con
structing a national road, although a
imilitury road has been comirenced at
Plattsburgh, & partly finished, the whole
expense of which has been borne by the
lUnitcd States, another has been project
‘edfrom Albany to Sackett’s Ilarbor,—
'Has she received no money for internal
‘improvewments? What has become of the
|appropriations for Oswc:fo, for Black
Rock, for Buffaloe, and other places
bordering upon the lakes? Yet we are'
I;told N.York once applied & was refused,
(either because the party which then con
_stituted a majority i the louse was op
~posed to internal improvements, or the
treasury then too much embarrassed to
(afford the grant, now the members from
(that State are bound to refuse to contrib
ute their aid to a design connected with,
‘the common good of our common coun-"
try. {
1 ’
| [Here Mr. Storrs, of New York, interrupted
‘Mr. P. and asked what benefit this road would be'
to the people he represented. ] I
. I know, said Mr. P. this is the argu-|
‘ment of the opposition to this bill, an ar-/
‘gument which, if it obtains, will dcstroyl
‘not only this, but every bill that may be
hereafter reported, to improve the inter-'
‘nal condition of the country, I
| I hoped for better things from that,
gentleman when he told us he was in!
favor of appropriations for internal im
provements and had heretofore voted for
them. Not a cent of the amount appro
priated will reach my district. This has'
| been rung through all the changes, nct,
lonly by those who are opposed to the
| system altogether and will be oppuscd,l
l as we are told by them, as long as they!
‘have tongues to utter their sentiments, |
j|¢brjlldgnlclblfl to direct their conduct, but
/it seems now to be adopted by the gcn—‘,
tleman from New York. Not a cent of|
the appropriation goes to Oneida county,l
| New-eork. He would vote for the Del-|
aware Breakwater, because that work,
‘was national, and the State of New YOrki
\was interested in it, although not a cent
lof the appropriation ever reached his dis—;
trict, ll'l correctly understood the gen
tleman, when he addressed the (,‘mmnit-1
tee a few days ago, he labored to per-,
(suade us to withhold our suppo:t from this
'bill, because the appropriation required
‘might interfere with other works; works'
| perhaps in which New York might have'
I'a more direct interest. I
- Mr. Chairman, in what do nrguments'\
(of this description originate, except that
selfish sectional feeling, the fallacy and
~unsoundness of which I have endeavor-|
ed to combat, and shall further cxpnscl
before I conclude? I should suppose the
‘gentleman is more proud of his State, in|
consequence of the construction of the,
Erie canal. Is he unwilling to look l):u'k:
to that period of time when this great
work was proposed, and examine the ol»-!
'jections whic‘n existed to it. How did |
they differ from the objections urged a-|
guinnt this bill? KEvery county in thc,
tate through which it was not to pass,
‘was opposed to it, and opposed for rca-’
gons similar to those which are given a
gainst this bill. Long Island, Declaware
county, the counties upon the Iludson,l
‘the counties cast of Albany, were all op-|
posed to the work, not only because “*I
would confer no benefits on them, but |
‘'would make their situation absolutely '
‘worse, lessen the price of the produets of
their soil, as it opened a quick and cli®ap’
conveyance from the intiriur and ex-|
‘treme parts of the State to the great mar-|
ket and place of deposite, in the city %of
'New York. Yet,sir, those objections tnl
'that work did not prevail, and I trust the
'similar ones to this bill will not. Ano
ther gentleman from the State of Ncw‘l
York, (Mr. Angell,) visits this road not;'
‘as Angel, or minister of Grace, to give to |
it his aid but to condemn this and all sim-:l
ilar works: ata proper time he is to alter \
the title of the bill, and call this a road
leading from I'.:fTalo, via \Vuuhingtnn,'l
to despotism. He does not wish any pait
lof the State of New York contaminated
‘by it, although he is perfectly willing
Pennsylvania should be. That gentle
man, sir, may speak the sentiments of the
! people of the district, as I have nnder-:
stood, has been generally opposed to
: works of internal improvements, was op-/
posed to the Erie (ll,anal; but I am not
; willing to admit that he is the organ of
the State of New York. Let this road
;‘be made, and his State will be as purc:
and uncontaminated as she now is, as
‘pure as Pennsylvania, and that will be
| sayin‘f sufficient of that State. Ono"
~would suppose that this gentleman be-|
"ilonfcd as much to Virginia as Nqunrk,l
and was a disciple of the new school of
| Virginia politics. A gentleman from|
:'Virginia, (Mr. Archer,) seems willin% to
| fii\'e l:j) the glory of this opposition on )e-I
| alf of Virginia, and transfer it to New
York, with a view, as one would sup
“pose, to work on the feelings, and enlist
the prejudices of the delegation of that
State. Another gentleman from the
State of New York, (Mr. Monell,)whose
remarks 1 have already referred to, has''improvements, and surveys passed this
Icalled the attention of the Committee to. House, making an appro(!)ria.tton of more
an attempt made a few years ago, as he:'thun half a millign of dollars; In the
'says,tu exact a transit duty from the I)uutn' common language of the day—not in
on the New York Canal. But I u:ak,l tending to adopt it as correct—for whose
did this Government cver make such a benefit ? Of Kentucky ? No, sir. Of
demand? I know, indeed, there was Western Virginia? No, sir. Of Western
some correspondence between the Comp-' Pennsylvania? No, sir, nor a cent for
troller and the Canal Commissioneis, but' either of those scetions of the country.—
both the late President and the Svcrc-! Louisiana, indced, received some partial
tary of the Treasury of the United States benefit, but a firout L)roportion of the
idiaavowed all intention to enforce such! money wentto N. York and the Eastern
a demand ; yet we have had this old States. When that bill was under con
lworn out story, brought forward, on the! sideration, it was not opposed by the ar
li;csfin:l (l)ccusion, tocinflucnce tll:,e I\'ew'lgum;:nts no‘\‘v usedhin ‘o‘?position to thishby
ork delegation. Fiv, it may be very| gentlemen from the West, or any other
@ood policg—thirty four votes—this IJ | quarter, And we are called upon to re
ork regiment, as the delegation from’ fuse this road, because the money does
that State were once called by the pre- not go to those districts! One gentleman
Id(:cvssor of my friend, now near me, (Mr.! said the design was not national, and
llr\'inv, of Penn.) are not to be winked! that it would interfere with harbor im
out of sight when an important peint is' provements, and other works which he
to be gained. The %entleman has sup—‘i called national; but now the harbor bill
’pnscd the cause of collision between the has passed, and that gentleman repre
‘State authorities and those of the Unitvd: 'sents an interest where there are no navy
States which must be settled by the Su-/ i’ards, no harbor improvements—has he,
preme Court, which that tribunal, he h"sl must again ask him, no pride in the rep
graciously told us, would instantly settle| utation of his State ? And is not his sup
in favor of the Government of the U nit«-d; port due from that State? O no. Not a
States. Why, sir, this thrust at that cent ht(lis l})eer'n givlt)an to his constitu:n;s,
Court ? Can no question be discusscd not a dollar has been appropriated for
without implicntingl that institution >—/ fortifications in his district. );'bis argu-
That Court it seems can never show tluz':ment gives up the Union entirely, and
least regard to a claim, however just,' we may as well say so now as at any oth
of a state against the General Govern- er time. Sir, I again say that when our
lmcnt. Now, sir, I ask, has there bccn: surplus rlew'snue shall l;uve bccln divided
any thing in the decision of that Court among the States, no object truly nation
hc{ctoforgc, to authorize this stab at its"nl can be accomplished. Instead of hcinfi
reputation ? I repel the charge, I was' less, there will be ten times more loca
gg};ng to u;lld with ilndignationi( .I" g;clillgs'ltlhllln nrl)w; the tl:ngutagg off(:;:e
will say, however, the remark is State will be—l amin the interior of the
glrutuitoés and unfin;llllded.l dTlu;.t gcln-icountriyt;l the Alt)lunt(iic Sta(;esthmust_take
tleman Knows as well as o, that the' care of the sea board ; and, they, Inre
members of that Court, whether collect-' ply, will say—llet the West and the States
ively or individually, have too much self upon ou(;' nmithernl frontiers protect them&
respect to make any decision that will selves, develope their own resources an
jus:,ify thisinsinunti({n. But to return to, improve their condition. Sir, Ido insist
thclroud l;:rovidcd for in the bill. s 1‘! n;ut' ::\at if any :hmg natmnntl is t;)hbe done,
such as the present circumstances of the the general government 1s the power
| country will[l)hlly warrant? Isitnot calcu-' that must do it. It must be done by the
1 lated to improve the condition of the coun-' United States, or not at all. I have
{try? To strengthen the bonds of Union' once adverted to the operation of local
|and brighten the chain of nutual inter-| feclings, even among gentlemen coming
|course? Will it not confer a benefit on' from the West—the same section of
|the people at large ? Surely the nation! country. Not a session commences that
|is in as good a situation for undcrtukingsl is not opened with a dance about the
[of this kind now, as it ever has becn' western armory. One gentleman moves
heretofore. What, then, is the cause of Pittsburg, one Beaver fiiver, and anoth
this hue and cry? Is not our national debt er the Horse Shoe Bend. And, sir,
nearly paid? And when paid, are nnt" what isthe result? We get rid of the ap
apprehensions expresscd that the surplu.-s, propriation altogether, with no disposition
revenue will be divided among the scv-"t('» withhold it, because they cannot agree
eral States ? In that event what is to be-| where it is to be applied. Sir, I view
come of internal improvements, or works this subject of internal improvements as
of a national character? Gentlemcn tell necessarily cornected with another im
us that the States must be left to accom-! portant policy of the country. I mean
plish these works themselves; that is,'l the protection of national industry.—
when they agree among themselves that. They must go hand in hand, mutually
a certain work is expedient and prnpvr.: aiding and reciprocating their benefits,—
And who does not see that the witl of a. What are some of the objects to be effect
single State is sufficient to defeat N”yl ed by them? Cheaper transportation and
undertaking of the kind? As an illus(ru—. cheaper productions. Is it not manifest
tion of this truth, gentlemen have only to' that the cheaper the raw material can be
look at this very road. It passes through' transported, the chcai)cr the goods can be
seven of the States farther South, but all' sold? The cheaper they can be brought
'their contributions are to be rcml(‘rv(l: to market, the lower will be the market
void because Virginia, perchance, is un- price. . : .
willing to engage in the undertaking, and | I have been served this session with a
becanse New-York will not pay for, copy (and I presume other membershave)
about one hundred miles of the road that' of a communication made by an English
may pass throngh her territory. So it writer, whose object is to show that the
will happen :}ilh respect to every nntinn-: l;'r(-nchl munufin;:urcls cémnot,long f§usttmn
al design, he recusancy, not to say, themselves, as England can manufacture
the ohsanncv, of one or t\\?’o States will cheaper, and consequently undersell
defeat the whole. The case, therefore,' them. The main argument used, is that
resolves itself into this question: shall the ! in England, owing the greater facilities
system of internal improvements continue of communication, and transportation a(:'
or shall it not ? If vea, they must be d.‘u_nc' both the raw material t?nd nmnufnctur(;e
by thie nation in its collective capacity | goods, the necessary result of the roads,
—the States will m:\l'er C(l)ltlll;jnol in Irml“ia_\'?‘um.l ;‘uznls, o{'that country, they
any such scheme., In still further can be furnished at a lower price.
pr«)»,socutiun of that appeal to snctimml:l The manufactures of one nation will al
views, which has characterized this dc-“ \;’nys put dml\vn th;)sc of unut(;nelr, where
bate, it has been said by gentlemen from! the material is cheaper, and there s a
T‘:‘n;mssco, upper Vir;;ryilfia, and a pnr-:'gromor facility nftrmlmpnrtntion.
ltion of Pennsylvania, that not one cent'| Ifitis true in England, itis true here;
'lmsyctbeen granted from the Treasury for and though there may be members of
ith(-ir benefit. This argument is surrl_rlj this }lnus«i mffi;\:or of ;ntcr(l]ml utnpro'vg
not a rood one. and would not be entitled ments, and of this road, and yet not in
\to mugh con.-ni&vration if' it stood alone ;l favor of the tariff| the nrgm.nentl_havo
but it is an useful one, it comes home to, last advanced will have weight with all
ltheir feelings. Did those gentlvmcnl those who are in favor of the Tariff.—
withhold their aid to works of internal, Sir, what are the mlgin ohjections .urgm‘l
improvement, becanse they were in nth-: against the bill? It is truly l.unnsmg' to
er States? No, sir, we are told they did' observe the various speculations w ich
not. lasupper Pennsylvania ever act- have been conjured up as arguments
ed on this principle ? Is there one gon-l‘agmnst its passage. For the purpose of
tleman from that or any other part of that addressing one peculiar feeling ?f the
[State, who can withhold his vote frmn:yl.lou_so, it has been said that the Execu
this bill. Did they withhold their votes, tive is wholly hos.ule to.the design. To
(the gentlemen from the interior of thut! gain another portion of it, we have been
Statc§ from the Delaware Break-water ?“tnld that he was warmly in its favor, and
So rar from it, that an hnnnurabl(‘ g(‘n”(‘-‘ anxious for its success, ()nfl gentlem.n
man through whose direct this road will‘ from Tennessee (Mr. Polk) has read to
pass (Mr. %{mnscv,) as he now tells me, | U 4, in terrorem, a long extract from his
offered the resolution which first dirrct«-dl Message, in which he is particular to
the attention of the House to a consider-' show his friendly fcelmfn to works of In
ation of that work ; thenas to the ])c-ln-l‘temal Improvement. Both of the state
lware and Chesapeake canal, when the, ments made in relation to him cannot be
| question of subscription of stock to tllqt“,trug; but, for my own part, lam not to
| canal was under consideration, where is' be influenced by one or the other. From
|the evidence of the hostile feelings from"lll that I have scen and heard, I am led
| the sectional interest of Western Pcnn'lln)'l-: to believe that the Chief Mufiwtrlte will
| vania, Tennessee or Kuntucky. he“not, by any act of hui impede the pro
| gentlemen of those States, superior to the, grom of this design. 1 think he cannot
|interest of mere sectional interest, did but feel some regard to the opinions of
Inot withhold their votes from the nuh-"th'o 'l'.c;‘ginl':l:ure of his dn(.lnrod ;Sru&o.,
| seription of stock, How many days ago| which has been expressed in favor
is it'since a bill for light houses, harl.orl,underuking. [ Continued on the last page.
NO. 6.

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