OCR Interpretation


Herald of the times. [volume] (Newport, R.I.) 1830-1846, July 21, 1831, Image 2

Image and text provided by Rhode Island Digital Newspaper Project

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83021167/1831-07-21/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

Indians to the westward might be par
tially effected,while at the same time the
cause of humanity would be subserved.
This is the only way perhaps in which
the President would be authorized to at
ford them rchiel. To see a whole peo
ple almost destitute of food—the inces
sant cry of the emaciated erentures being
BREAD! BREAD!—is beyond description
distressing. The existence of many of
the Indians is prolonged by eating roots
and the bark of trees, The berries of
the India or China tree of last year's
growth, were ate by them as long as they
lasted—nothing that can allord nourish
ment is rejected, however offensive it
may be. Nor can there be, to the sul
fering of this wretched people, mitigation
or limit short of death, or the humane in
tervention of our Government, BPut few
of them on the borders of this State have
planted corn, becuuse they had none to
plant. The next year wiil, therefore,
find most of those who, nntul then linger
out a miserable existence, no better ofl
than they are at prescut. In a country
abounding in abundance, as ours in gen
eral does,humanity weeps at such scenes
Milledgeville Re
A friend called npon us last evening,
to mention a report which he heard from
a passcnger in the steam boat from Bal
timore. It is, that General Juckson, on
Monday morning, sent for Dr. Randolph,
and enquired of him whether he had been
the bearer of a challenge from Major
Faton to Mr. Ingham. Dr. Randolph
replied, that he had conveyed a mes
sage from Major I, to Mr. 1. but that
he had determined, should a duel ensue,
to have no further share in it. Gen,
Jackson expressed his dissatistaction with
the explanation and immediately dismis
sed Dr. Randolph from oflice,
U. 8. Gazelte Jl/y 13.
From the Charleston City Gazette. |
Lometimes fair truth in fiction we disguise;
Sometimes present her naked to men’s eyes.
Spectator.
The father of Return J. Meigs was
born at Middletown, in Connecticut,—
For some time prior to his settlement in
life, he addressed a fair quakeress at
Middlefield, some few miles from his
father’s residence, and found much dif
ficulty in obtaining her hand. She re
peatedly answered his protestaiions of
fidelity and attachment with “Nay Jova-
AN, I respect thee much, but cannot
marry thee, for better is a dinner of
herbs and contentment, than a stalled ox
and contention the cwith.” Mr. Meigs
finally told Ruth, that he was then pay
ing his last visit as a lover, and should
strive to form an alliance with another
family, and would therefore bid her fare
well The kind and Jengthened word,
pronounced with so much softness, fell
upon her heart with healing in its tone,
and as he mounted lus horse to ride off,
the quakeress beckoned him to stop, ex
elaiming, “refurn Jona'han! retwrn Jona
than!” Mr. Meigs went back, and
fixed upon a day for the celebration of
their nuptials. The first fruit of their
union was a son, which thc father, in
commemoration of the happiest words he
had ever heard spoken, had baptised,
“Rervry Jovarian,” who rose to dis
tinctioh, and subsequently tothe office of
Postmaster General of the United States.
Recerrr to prErarr PoraTors ror
tHE TinLE.—The best way to prepare
potatoes for the table, is to mash them as
soon as they are thoroughly done, adding
a little milk and =alt to make the mash ol
the proper consistence. Batter should
never be put in mashed potatoes, as it
makes them sodden and heavy— Potatoes
should always be put on the fire in cold
water, with a hancful of'salt, and that the
moment they are done the water should
be thrown off; and if'they are to be mash
ed, that it should be done while the pot
stands on some hot coals, and that noth
ing must be added but a little milk—that
the dish should be hot into which they
are turned, and that no spoon or ladle
ghould smooth over the broken appear
ance of the mash; nor should they ever
be browned.” Taken from a book, lately
wmblished, the title of which is—“ Our
koighborhnod, or Letters on Horticul
ture and Natural Phenomena, interspers
ed with opinions on domestic and moral
economy.”
The ship Friendship, Endicott, has
arrived at Salem, from Sumatra, with
part of a cargo of pepper, having sailed
on the 4th of March. The Iriendship
is the vessel which was attacked & plun
dered by a Malay pepper boat, at Quo
lah Battoo, on the 7th of February. A
detail of the circumstances attending the
transaction, is published in the Salem Ob
server, for which we have not room at
present. She was plundered of every
thing valuable, but the pepper on board.’
The following are the names of the per
sons killed on board the Friendship. |
Mr. Charles Knight, chief officer;
John Davis and Geo. Chester, seamen—
wounded, Charles Converse, seaman,
badly; John Mussey, seaman, and Wil
liam Francis, stewart, |
A document is also published, signed
by eight masters and supercargoes on
the coast of Sumatra, dated at Muckie,
26th Februaiy, soliciting the protection
of the government, which concludcs as
follows:
That from our personal knowledge and
experience of the natives of this coast,
and of their recently altered conduet,
particularlx' towards Americans, we are
unitedly of opinion that unless prompt &
effecient notice is taken of the recent
outrage committed upon the ship Friend
ship, we shall shortly Le obliged to relin
quish this valuable branch of our com-l
merce; as without protection from our
Government, we consider that the lives
and propeity committed to our charge
will be hereaiter placed at the most im
wanent hazard
I'iow the National Gazette
LETTER OF JAMES MADISON,
The subjoined letter from Mr. Madi
son to C. J. Irgersoll, Esq. has been
sent us for publication
Moutpelicr, June 25, 1831
Dear Sin: I have reccived your
friendly letter of the 18(h inst. The
few lines which answered your former
one of the 21st of January lust, were
written in haste and in bad healthy but
they expressed, though without the at
tention i =ome respects due to the oce
caston, a dissent from the views of the
President, as toa Bank of the United
States and a substitute for it, to which |
cannot but adhere. The objections to
the latter have appeared to me to pre
ponderate greatly over the advantages
expected fromat, and the constitutionali-|
ty of the former 1 sull regard as sus
tained by the considerations to which 1
vielded in giving my assent to the ex
isting Bank. ’
| T'he charge of inconsistency between
‘my objection to the constitutionality of
such a bank in 1791, and my assent
in 1817, turns on the question, how far
legislative precedents, expounding the
‘constitution, ought to guide succeeding
Hegislatures, and to overrule individual
lopinions, T 3
" Some obseurity has heen thrown over
the question, by eonfounding it with the
respect due from one legislature to laws
passed by preceding legislatures, But
the two cascs are essentially different,
A constitution being dervived from a
superior authority, is to be expounded
and obeyed; not controlled or varied,
by the subordinate authority of a legis
lature. A law, on the other hand,
resting on no higher authority than that
possessed by every successive legisla
ture, its expediency, as well as its
!mvuniug, is within the scope of the
Jatter.
i The case in question has its true
analogy in the obligantion arising from
udicial expositions of the law on suc
‘ceeding Judges; the constitution being
‘a law to the legislator, as the law is a
rule of decision to the Judge, ;
’ And why are judicial precedents,
'when formed on due discugsion and con
'sideration, and deliberately sanctioned
by reviews and repetitions, regarded as
’uf binding influence, or rather of au
thoritative force, in settling the mean
!ing of a law? It must be answered,
| Ist, because it 1s a reasonable and es
tablished axiom, that the good of society ‘\
(requives that the rules of conduct ol
lits members should be certain and
known, which would not be the case if
any judge, disregarding the decisions of
his predecessors, should vary the rule of
Jdaw according to his individual in
terpretation of it. Misera est servitus
übi jus est aut vagum aut incognitum,—
2d, because an exposition of the law
publicly made, and repeatedly coafirm
ed by the constituted anthority, carries
with ity by fair inference, the sanction of
those who, having made the law through
their legislative organ, appear, under
such circumstances, to have determin
ed its meaning through their judiciary
organ,
; ‘Can it be of less consequence that
the meaning of a constitution should be
fixed and known, than that the meaning
of a law should be s 0? Can indeed a
law be fixed, in its meaning and opera
tion, unless the constitution be so? On
the contrary, if a particular legislature,
differing in the construction of the con
stitution, from a series of preceding con
structions, proceed to act on that differ
ence, they not only intreduce uncertain
ty and instability i the constitution, but
in the laws themselves; inasmuch as
‘all laws preceding the new construction
and inconsistent with ity are not only an
nulled for the fature, but virtuaily pro
nounced nullities from the beginning.
- But it is =aid that the legislator hav
ing sworn to support the Constitution,
must support it in his own construction
of it, however different from that put
on it by his predecessors, or whatever
be the consequences ol the construction,
And is not the judge under the same
oath to support the law? Yet has it
ever been supposed that he was re
quired, or at liberty to disregard all
precedents, however solemnly repeated
and regularly observed; and by giving
leffect to his own abstract and individual
opinions, to disturb the established
course of practise in the business of the
'community? Has the wisest and most
‘conscientious Judge ever scrupled to
acquiesce in decisions in which he has
‘been overruled by the matured opinions
of the majority of his colleagnes; and
‘subsgequently to conform himself thereto,
‘as to authoritative expositions of the
law? And is it not reasonable that the
‘same view of the oflicial oath should
be taken by a legislator, acting under
the constitution, which is his guide, as
is taken by a judge, acting under the
law whicl is his? |
' There is in fact and in common un
derstanding a necessity of regarding a
course of practice, as above character
ized, in the light of'a legal rule of in
terpreting a law; and there is a like
necessity of considering it a constitu
tional rule of interpreting a constitu
tion, l
" : !
That there may be extraordinary and
peculiar circumstances controlling thel
ruie in both cases, may be admitted;—|
HERALD OF THE TIMES.
but with such exceptions, the rule will ;
force itsell on the practical judgment of
the most ardent theorist, “'u will find |
it impossible to adhere to, and act
officially upon, his solitary opinions as |
to the meaning ol the law or constitu-'
tion, in opposition to a construction re
dueed to practice, during a reasonable
period of time; more especiaully where |
no prospect existed of a change of con
struction by the public or its agents.—
Aund it a reasonable period of limc,?
marked with the usual sanctions, would
not bar the individual prerogative, there
could be no limitation to s exercise,
although the danger of error must in
crease with the mercasing oblivion of
explunatory circumstances, and with
the continual changes in the import of
words and phrases, |
Let it then be left to the decision of |
every intelligent and candid Judge, !
which, on the whole, is most to be rchied |
on for the true and safe construction uf!
a constitution, that which has the uni
form sanction of successive legislative |
bodies through a period of years, and
under the varied ascendancy of partics;|’
or that which depends upon the opilnulls“
of every new legislature, heated as it
may be by the spirit of party, eager in
the pursuit of some favorite object, or
led astray by the eloquence and address,
of popular statesmen, themselves, per
haps, under the influence of the same
misleading causes, i
It was in conformity with the vimv;
herve taken, of the respect due to delb-|
erate and reiterated precedents, that the
Bank of the United States, though on the
original question held to be unconstitu-|
tional, received the Executive signature |
in the year 1817, The act originally |
establishing a Bank had undergone am
ple discussions in its passage through the
several branches of the government, It
hiad been carried into execution through
out a period of twenty years with annual
legislative recognitions; in one instance
indeed, with a positive ramificetion of it
into a new State; and with the entire
acquicscence of all the local authoritics’
as well as of the nation at large; to all
of which may be added, a decreasing
prospect of any change in the public
copimon adverse to the constitutionality
of' such an institution. A veto from the
lixecutive under these circumstances,
with an admission of the expediency and
almost necessity of the measure, would
have been a defiance of all the obliga
tions derived from a course of precedents
amounting to the requisite evidence of
the national judgment and intention. ‘
It hias been contended that the author-|
ity of precedents was in that case inval-|
idated by the consideration that they|
proved only a respect for the stipulated
duration of the Bank, with a toleration|
of it until the law should expire, and by
the casting vote given in the Senate by |
the Vice President in 1811, against
a bill for establishing a National Bank, |
the vote being expressly given on the
ground of unconstitutionality., But if
the law itselt’ was unconstitutional the
stipulation was void, and could not be
constitutionally fulfilled or tolerated.—
And as to the negative of the Senate by
the casting vote of the presiding oflicer,|
it is a fact well understood at the time,
that it resulted mot from an equality of
opinions in that assembly on the power
of Congress to establish a Bank, but
from a junction of those who admitted the
power, but disapproved the plan, with
those who denicd the power., On a sim
ple question of constitutionality, there
was adecided majority in favor of it, |
JAMES MADISON.,
Mr INGERSOLL.
MR. SERGEANTS’ SPEECH |
AT THE Cray DINNER IN Pllll.&l)El.l‘lllA.r
Wehave inadvertenly mislaid the paper
containing the spcech of Mr. Sergeant
. . |
delivered at the great Clay dinner on the
4th, in Philadelphia, which prevents our,
P S . 1
publishing it enfire in this number. We
find, however, the following summary of
the specch in the Providence Journal.—
Mr. Sergeant gave the following toast: i
Hexnry CLay—At the next election of presi
dent, the people of the United States will give a
vote in favor of improvement which cannot be
vetoed. |
The President of the day in introduc-|
ing the preceding toast, took occasion to
address the company at considerable
length and in a strain of most animating
cloquence, on the political condition of
the country and the manifest necessity of
a change of administration, Mr, Ser—li
geant in the commencement of his re
marks referred to the fact of its having
been precisely three months since a town
meeting composed of many thousands,|
friends of Mr. Clay, had met in the same
room in which he was then speaking,
when assertions of the utter incapacity
and unworthiness of the present Chief
Magistrate and his Counsellors,had been
freely and boldly made, He referred to
the accomplishment of the predictionsthen
uttered—to the series of explosions at
Washington, which had torn the cabi
net limb from limb, scattering them in
every direction and leaving the Kxecu
tive solitary and helpless. He deserib
ed with great force and heauty the ves
sel of State as she was when the present
Administration was promoted to com
mand her, sailing before the wind, with
all sail set, and the banner of the Nation
at her mast head in all the pride of
strength and beauty, every gpar in its
place and all her canvas swelling in the
wind, an object of pride and admiration
to us and to the world. —He then spoke,
of her present mournful eondition, un
dev jury masts, her flag degraded and
her beauty defaced by the incapacity of
|
the master and the mutiny of her chief",’
officers.—Mr. Sergeant then adverted |
with great effect to the mystery of the |
late cabinet dissolution, and to its nllcdgqi
ed causes, to the voluntary separation of’
two of the ministers and the dismissal of
the others—to the want of harmony to
which the catastrophe was uttribuled,“
produced uccording to the asseitions ol']i
the dismissed Secretaries by the “malign’
inflnence of secret and irresponsible u- |
gents,” and by the necessity of resisting
exactions, with which it was not hoanora
bly tocomply. Ile noticed the dis;_rrucc-i
ful scenes recently exhibited at Wash-/|
Angton, so humiliating to us as Amcri—]'
cans, so disgraceful in the estimation of|
the civilized world; the (:urrcspundcnce,!"
the challenge, the threatened assanlt & |
;ussnssiuutinu, the departure of the Sec- ||
retary of the Treasury from the scat of
!(}uvvrmncnt under an armed escort, with
Ewhich his friends thought proper to pro-,
wvide him in order to protect him from |
violence and insult, He then referred
‘to the departure of the President a few
days after on a trip of pleasure in com-,
‘puny with the individuals who had been
immediately concerned in this scene of
| % il
outrage. The speaker then alluded with ‘
great felicity to the prediction once made
by a Senator from Missopri, (Col. Ben
ilnn,) now completely verified, that if
‘ever Andrew Jackson were made Presi-|
‘dent of the United States it would be|
‘necessary for every one that went to|
'Washington to put a pair of pistols in his |
'pm:kct. And all this too under the ad
:minisl ration of & man who was celebrated |
by his friends for his knowledge of men, ‘
‘and his talent for command. In a popu-
Jation of twelve millions, comprising so
Jdarge a proportion of orderly and well
‘disposed citizens, he had not discern
‘ment enough to select fige for his cabi
‘net councellors who could live together
lin peace, nor personal influence enough
to keep them from actually fighting in
his presence. Mr. S. adverted casually
‘to the suspected and remote cause of the \
“discord at Washington, It was Gener
‘al Jackson’s talent for commanding men
‘that had been celebrated, but there were
‘other beings besides men in this world,
'some of whom, who though the weakest
‘of created beings to the eye were far be-,
Iyond easy control, y
| Mr. Sergeant then spoke of Gen. Jack
‘son’s military fame, from which, as part
‘of the nation's property, he did not mean
‘to detract. All the glory of the war was,
‘however, not his.—OQOur gallant soldiers,
‘and sailors, (one of the latter of whom,
‘had by our military president, been wan-|
tonly proscribed, because he would not
‘submitto the dictation of an underling)
'had conquered the peace before Gen.|
‘Jackson had gained a laurel. The glory
Lof one great victory was his, and was to
|be hoped that in the settlement of his
|account with posterity, two things would
‘never be forgotten, that he had gained
the victory of New Orleans, and that he,
had been president of the United States.
"J‘hoy would be found on different sides
‘ol the balance sheet. The degadation
‘and disgrace of his administration will
‘never be forgotten. It has inflicted a
‘deep and destroying wound on our in-|
(terests and our character. Fortunately,
'said Mr. Sergeant, it is a recent wound, |
‘and by judicious treatment, it may be |
‘healed: the sympathies of Pennsylvan-
Ja, slighted and scorned as she has been,
by the president and his secret conclave,
tell us where to look for the physician,
Mr. Sergeant then adverted to the char
‘acter and situation of Mr. Clay, whose
‘praise, he said might be spoken in one
‘sentence; as being the reverse of the
!present incumbent, and whom he de
scribed as a man inthe vigor of life, and,
“unlike General Jackson, in the full en
‘joyment of mental independence; as a
| patriot, a statesman and a philanthropist,
as magnanimous and generous, as rich |
‘in civil experience, obedient to the con
\stitution, and devoted to owr principles
(and policy. e spoke of the services of
' Mr. Clay, abroad and at home—during
the war as speaker of the house of rep
‘resentatives, and at the negociation of
peace, as commissioner to Ghent, and
during the late administration, as sec -|
"wtury of State. e referred to his di-!
plomatic despatches, as contrasted with
the servile productions which recently
had issued from Mr. Van Buren’s office;
~and to the illumination which surrounds
' his character, in contrast with the dark|
oblivion in which the ex-premier has
plunged himself. Mr. Sergeant conclu-|
ded by urging the necessity of active co
| operation to overthrow the present dy
' nasty, which he described as now tot-
H!ering to its fall. Conciliation, said he,’
isour policy; reason our instrument. We,
make an appeal to the calm intclligencc‘
;!ol'lhe nation, we ask our fellow-citizens|
‘to say, whether the present state of things|
ought to continue, and to determine how |
(it may be changed. We have met on
this occasion to be happy, Hope is an
‘clement of our enjoyment. 'We may yet
'save the noble ship: we have a fit man to
‘put at the helin, and materials for a thor-,
5011‘:;1- repair, {
l’ Mr. Sergeant in the course of his re-'
‘marks. of which we have given but a
;l)r'ic-fnbstrnct, was constantly interrupted
‘with the most enthusiastic applause,
Though laboring under indisposition, his
‘address was delivered with fervour and
animation, suted to the feeling of his
audience and was received with singular|
'enthusiam, |
The trial of Wm. J. Murray, charged
with robbing the City Bank, oceupied the
Court in Now-York, during the whole of
Tuesday last. The case being submit
ted to the jury in three minutes returned
a verdict of guilty,
EUROPEAN NEWS.
From the N. Y. Comn. Adv. of Monday evening.
The ship Ajax, Captain Heirn, which
arrived on Saturday, from Liverpool, has
brought the London Morning papers of
the Ist ult. our previous advices from that
city having been to the evening of May
31st, inclusive, '
~ T'he news of the dissolution of the Cab
inet of the U. States was putlished in the
London Morning Herald on the Ist of
June, and was reccived by the ship On-,
tario,
~ The election in Scotland has surprised
us, (says the Morning Chronicle,) as it
must have surprised many others besides,
I'he result is, that the Burghs return e
leven Reformers and four anti-Reformers,
and the counties (including Orkney) thir
teen Reformers & sevenleen anti-Reform
ers.
By the Paris papers of the 30th May,‘
it would appear that the French still keep
a jealous eye upon the movements of
Austiia in Italy, which power they sus
pect of ulterior views of no peaceful
kind.
| The Messager des Chambres says the
affairs of Europe will now very shortly
be cleared up; every thing plainly shows
that the continuance of peace will not be |
‘disturbed, and that all difficulties will be
‘averted in the most favorable manner pos
sible. l
It is stated that Prince Leopold will not
accept the crown of Belgium.,
The Nerus, arrived at Boston, has
brought the London Sun of the evening
of June 3d. The only article from this
paper is the following, which affords us
some ground to hope that the gallant
Poles have been winning another harvest
of laurels, in their unequal struggle with
the Russians:—
From the London Sun of June 3.
| We have yet nothing absolutely to au-|
thenticate the rumor mentioned ycsterduy:
‘of another signal victory of the Poles o
ver the Russians. No doubt, however,
exists of great and important advantages
having been obtained by the former; and
‘we have just been informed from a most,
‘respectable source, that the Polish Lega-!
tion is in possession of the particulars of’
this fresh victory. Our informant, how-|
‘ever, states that the obstinate and san
‘guinary conflict, which lasted two days,,
(19th and 20th May) took place with
the Russian imperial guard commanded
by Gen. Pahlen, which were almost an
nibilated. l
Since the foregoing was in type, the
Boston Fvening Transcript of Saturday,!
has come to hand. Its foreign intelli
gence is of the highest importance, as|
will be seen by the following extracts.—'
If these details are true, to the extent re
ported, the Russian commander must
have been in a very disagreeable pre-i
dicament, at the date of these adviccs:—i
CONTINUED SUCCESS OF THE POLES. |
The London Star of the 3d June says, |
“The brave Polish Commander has com-|
pletely out-manoeuvred the Russians,— |
While a Polish corps was amusing them|
at Minsk, Skryznecki united all the corps
on his left, crossed the Bug, and taking'
Ostrolenka by assault, has proceeded to,
L.omnza, defeated the Russian Guards at
Tychosin, and in fact, occupied the
whole country between the Bug and Na-|
rew.” l
. Accounts from Warsaw of the 26th,|
left Diebitsch at Zocolow, apparently in
‘route for Ostrolenka or for Bielsk or Bia-|
listock, with no resource but to throw|
‘himself on the protection of Prussia, as’
‘Dwernicki threw himself on the protee-|
tion of the Austrians. Ile has, howev-|
}er, to cross the Bug and Narew, with Po
lish corps on every side of him, !
| By this masterly movement, the Polish/|
‘General has placed himself in contact|
with the Samogitians, Lithuanians, and
‘other revolted districts, by whose popu-|
lation his army will be indefinitely aug-'
Imcnted, so as to leave to Diebitsch no,
'prospect of escape, but within the Prus-i
sian frontiers. The foreign journals
‘assert, he will endeavor to reach Thorne,!
‘in Prussia; but we expect he will seek to|
‘cross the Rossoka, and avail himsclf of
'the shelter of its vast forests. ‘
‘ The march of Skryznecki is without
parallel in modern warfare., From Wnr-!
'saw to Ostrolenka, was a flank march of'
full eighty miles; thence to L.omza anoth- |
‘er 30; and to Tychosin 20 more—the last/
/50 being in the rear of the Russian grand
‘army. The Poles seem also to have|
gained advantages in a repulse of the
Russians at Minsk; and this, with the]
‘new position of Skryznecki,no doubt forc-;
‘ed Diebitsch to retreat to Zocolow, near,
the lower Bug. ‘
. The ranks of the Warsovians have al-/
'so been recruited by volunteers from
'Prussia and Austrian Poland; and thc;
‘whole campaign resembles a war of chiv-)
‘alry,in which the enlightened enterprize
of Europe is directed individually ,agninst.
the further encroachments of the barba
'rous Muscovites, Tartars and Siberians.
' We have just learnt (says the London
Globe, under date June 2, three o’clock,
'P. M.) that a report is general in the ci
'ty of a Russian (chcat by the Poles, and
tthnt the Imperial Guards had been cut to’
'picces, It is gaid to rest on letters from!
Berlin, It is certainly very prevalent, |
| T'he Morning Star of the 3d, says, that
the above report probably alludes to the
overthrow of the Guards at Tychosin,
who were taken by surprise, 1
| A private letter from Warsaw, dated
13th, says: Since Thursday the two ar
'mies are in full movement. General Di
|ebitsch has made a manceuvre with the
principal part of his army, in the direction
of the Bug and Narew, with a manifest
intention to get into the wawodic of
Plock, to gain the Prussian fronticrs.
The motive of this change of position is
not difficult to be understood, as the Rus
sian General finds it difficult to receive
his convoys from Russian Poland, and
he now wants to gain the Prussian fron
tiers,to be iircommunication with Thorne,
where he has a considerable magazine
of provisions und ammunition waiting for
his approach.
~ Gen. Skrzynecki has also made a flank
movement; on Friday morning his head
quarters were at Milosna, and in the af
ternoon at Jablonna, and on Saturday at
Sierock: his main army was in the direc
tion of Pultusk; three hundred Polish of
ficers have received orders to proceed to
Lithuania, to organize the insurrection
there. We have this moment a report,
that in the environs of Ostrolenka the lin
perial Russian Guard have experienced
a new check. Gen. Uminski commands
in that quarter,
The 3”:'”“;;«:' de Pologne, a Warsaw
paper, of the 21st May, announces that
Gen. Skryznecki had taken Ostrolenka
on the 10th where he obtained a largo
sum of money, the baggage of the cne
fmy, and 1700 prisoners. The object of
Skryznecki in advancing to Ostrolenka,
:is supposed to have been to get between
the Russians and their supplies.
From the N. Y* Com, Adv. of Monday evening.
DESTRUCTIVE FIRE—Loss of Lives.
A little before one o’clock this morn
ing, the extensive I'loor Cloth Manufac
tory in Eldridge-street, near Rivington,
was discovered to be on fire, and in a
few minutes the whole was in one sheet
of flame, which illuminated the whole ci
ty. The factory was of wood, and was
surrounded by frame buildings, all of
which were soon on fire, and so rapid was
its progress that, before the inhabitants,
on the opposite side of Eldridge street
could collect their children, the houses
were on fire, and they were obliged to
fly from the premises without any cloth
ing. Not so fortunate were some of
those who resided next the factory; and
to the loss of property, we have now to
add that of three lives, viz: Mrs, Mur
ray, her daughter, Mrs. Barclay, & Mrs.
Barclay’s son William, an interesting
youth of 15 years of age. A fourth per
'son was badly burnt. Three young chil
,drcn, viz: John, aged three years, James,
aged 6 years, and Susan, aged 8 years,
are by this providence left without an
‘carthly protector. They have a father
{who left this [Aort a few days ago, for Sa
vannah and Liverpool, but who for two
;or three years has been more a burden
to his family than a support. It appears
that the youth had got his two little bro
thers and sister, and placing them in a
vacant lot, returned for his mother and
grandmother. He met his mother on
\the lower floor, near the door, who recol
lecting that her mother (Mrs. Murray)
"was still behind, she returned with the
intention of removing her. The son fol
lowed, and all perished in the flames.—
The bodies, or rather, parts of them,
were found this morning while we were
‘making our enquiries. 13y this sad event,
three little orphans are left without a
known relative in this country; their pa
.rcnts were from Ireland, and the children
have been taken to the house of Miss
McKee, No. 132, Eldridge street.
The deceased were much esteemed by
their neighbors, particularly the youth
=who worked in the floor cloth factory, &
chiefly supported the family,
’ The following is a list of the property
destroyed:
‘ On the East side of Eldridge street—
Corner of Rivington, the grocery store
‘occupied by Mr. fiichard Cornwell, own
ed by Lemuel Richardson, totally de
stroyed—said to have been insured.
No. 150, a feed store, occupied by mr.
R. Cornwall, do.
~ No. 152, extensive frame buildings, in
which the fire commenced, owned by mr.
John Tice, and occupied by James Kel
so, as a floor cloth manufactory—all de
stroyed, with contents, insurance on stock
for $4OOO.
~ No. 154, a two-story frame dwelling,
occupied by Mrs. Murray and Mrs. Bar
clay, do.
~ No. 156, two story old frame dwelling
house, unoccupied, destroyed.
No. 158, two story frame dwelling
house, occupied by mr. Huested, & one
other family, destroyed.
No. 160, two story frame dwcllinfi
house, occupied by Mrs. Jane Slater, an
Mrs. Margaret Jenkins, destroyed.
No. 162, two story frame dwelling, oc
cupied by mrs. Keyser, destroyed.
On the West side of Eldridge-styeet.
No. 151, large two story frame dwel
ling house, owned by mr, James Hays,
and occupied by Capt. Lemuel Bowne,
nearly destroyed.
No. 153—Large two story frame dwels
ling-house, owned by Lemuel Richard
son, and occupied by mr. Elisha Bowers,,
and mr. Moses Gregory, nearly destroy
ed.
No. 155—Two story brick front dwe
ling, occupied by mr. Samuel Shields &
Albert A. Dibbleo, much injured; partly
insured,
On Rivinglon sireet.
~ No. 56, two stor{ frame house occu
picd by Nicholes Pohn, baker, destroy
ed.
No. 58, two story frame dwelling, own
ed by the estate of the late mr. Gardoer,
and occupied by Wm. Moss,. Jeremiah
Kent, lmrom other family—destroyed.
No. 60, two story frame dwelling, oc-

xml | txt