Newspaper Page Text
- .. • , - - • .. v • - • r ; ' - ' _ .
Or, Thomas’s Boston Journal. “ 3i A Weekly, Political, and Commercial Paper Open to all Parties, but Influe need by None. ‘DOtHou Gicat LIBERTY inspire our Souls,—And make our Lives in THvPoffeflion happy,—Or, our Deaths glorious in thy jusTDefence.’ Vol. 11/ FRIDAY, November >7. BOSTON. At a general council held at the council chamber on Wednesday the yjth of No vember, bis Excellency was pleated ;o no minate, Abner Cheever, Esq; to he a Just ice of the peace for the county of Eflex. Wil - Ham Gorham, Esq; to be a Justice of the peace for the county of Cumberland. Eze kid Patter, Esq; to be a Justice of the peace foe the County of Lincoln. Mr. Sa muel Pool, a coroner for Middlesex. To which nominations hit Msjcfty’l Council Aid advise and content. With Capt. Jenkins from London, a perfim came paflenger who carried on the Button-making buTincfs, and hat brought ovev the materials for making dl forts of gilt buttons. St. John's Odttber y. We beer from St. Vincenti, that on Monday nightjlaft, the Caraibs burnt the work* and dwelling boufe of Andrew Bruce, Esq; and on the Wednesday following burnt, the dwelling-house and offices of John LeCrow Esq; they alio took a detached party of the »jd regiment, consisting of a Cor poral and four men, whom they killed. A Routing party of Caraibs some time before tbit, had nearly fell in with and taken Ge neral Leyborne prifoacr. On Tnurfday morning last, one of the tranfpocts arrived at St. Vincents with a party of the lift regiment from St. Augus tine id Weft-Flwida.and’thc rest are hour ly expeAed : so that a general attack on theft desperadoes may be every day looked lor. The militia here are under the greatest hard (hips on account of the fatigue of their military duty. _ SATURDAY November 28. BOSTON. The Captains Reed, Farrel, and Rich ardton, with tloops from St. Auguftine,ar rived at St. Vincents between the 6th and l ith of the fame month, the brig Pompey, Capt. Healy, was ready to fail from Provi dence for St. Vincents, and Capt. Fuller ton failed from Bermuda the 21 ft, with the troops for the general rendezvous. Tbuifday the 16th of December next,is appointed for the trial of Amel I Nickerfon ; he bring the supposed murderer of the three men and boy, an mentioned in our last. On Wednesday the eleventh instant, Ms. Obadiah Parfom was ordained Pastor of the third cbweh in Gloucester. On Wednesday last Mr. Joseph Willard was ordained Pastor of a church at Beverly. We hear that the operations against the black Caraibs at St. Vincents are com- Halifax. November 17. On Friday last at the Supreme Court, William Lam bert of the 65tbRegiment received (Sentence of death for committing a rape on Hannah Baur; and is to be executed on the 25th inftnnL We hear that his Maj est fl (hip Tartar is alhore in Canfo Gut. Pin ladilfhia, Nwtmitrii. On Sa turday Lft Kayafhuta, the great Seneca Chief, returned to this city from Johnson’s Hall; were be had been on a visit to Sir William Johnson, of the greatest import ance to the colonies. > The forts Chartres and Pitt are, by or ders from England destroyed, the barracks levelled to the ground, and abandoned by the garritous, who are soon expeded, as they are on their way to this city. W e are assured the (rentier inhabitants of this province have prefentedahe Governor with a petition on that fubied, who have refer red them to General Gage, at New-York, but wef-u the application is without luc ccts. FRIDAY, December 4, 1772. For the Massachusetts SPY. Mr. Thomas, the following tranfeript from Sidney on government h k* found to have reference only to the times wherein the author lived; or those preceeding, we (hall then have the pleafmg facisfadion to find ourfelvcs in a better situation ; if the contrary, we may be admohifhed to throw our influence ihto the (cale which oppofea so dreadful a ufurpatidn of the rights of mankind as arc made in an absolute monarchy. “ The just magistrate K the miniftilr of God for our good : but this absolute mo narch has no other care of us, then as our riches and multitude may encreafc his own glory and strength. We might eafdy judge what would be the iflue of such a principle, when the being of nations depending upon his will must alio depend upon his opinion. The judgment of a Angle man is not to be relied upon, the best and wisest do of ten err, the foolilh and perverse always.— The riches, power, number and courage of our friends is for our advantsge, and that of our enemies threatens us with ruin ; those princes only can reasonably believe the strength of their fubjedh beneficial so them, who govern so as to be sflured of their af fedion, and that their strength will be em ployed for them: But those who know -they are, or deserve to be hated, cannot but Seek to diminish that which creates their danger. This must certainly befal as many as are lewd, fodiffi, negligent, imprudent, cowardly, vicious or any way unworthy the places they obtain, for their reign is a perpetu al exercise of the most extreme and ruinous injustice ; every man that follows an boneft interest is prejudiced : every one that finds the power that was ordained for his good, to be turned to his hurt, will be angry and hate him chat does it; if the people be of uncorrupted manners this hatred will be ge neral, because every one of them desires that which is just; if composed of good and evil, the firft will always be averse to the evil go vernment, and the others endeavouring to uphold it, the fafety of the prince must de pend upon the prevalence of either party. If the best prove to be the strongest, he must petifli: And knowing himfelf to be support ed only by the wosft, he will always destroy as many ot his enemies as he can ; weaken those that remain; enrich his creatures with their (poils and conflfcations ; by fraud and ripine accumulate treasures to encreafc the number of his party, and advance them to all places of power and trust, that by ibeir assistance be may cru(h his adversaries ; and every man is accounted his adversary, who has either estate, honour, virtue or reputati on. This naturally cafls all power into the hands of those who have no such dangerous qualities, nor any thing to recommend them but an absolute resignation of themselves to do whatever they are commanded. These men having neither will nor knowledge to do good, as soon as they come to be in power, inflict iiperwrttdy military discipline neg!e£- ed, the public treasures exhausted, new pre ;r/?r invented to raise more jand the prince's wants daily encreafing, through their ignor ance, negligence or deceit, there is no end of their devices and tricks to gain fupplics : To this end swarms of spies, informers and (alfe witneftes are sent out to circumvent the richest and most eminent men : The tribu nals are filUd with cturt parafiter of profli gate coafciences, fortunes and reputation, that no man may escape who is Brought be fore them. 7 If crimes are wanting, the dili gence of well chosen officers.and profecuton, with the favour ts tbe supply aH de fefts ; the law is made a fnase ; virtue sup pressed, vice fomented, and in a (hurt time honesty and knavery, (obriety and lewdnefr, virtue and vice, become badges of the fevers al fadions ; and every man’s convention and manners (hewing to what party he is ad dided, the prince who makes himfelf head of the worst, must favour them to the over throw of the best, which is so (freight a way to an universal ruin, that no date can prevent it, unlefe the contfe be interrupted. r —He that is just and become grateful to the people oy doing good, will find his honour and security in encreafing their num ber, riches, virtue and power: If on the o ther fide, by doing evil, he has drawn upon himfelf the public hatred,he will always en deavour to take from them the power of do ing him any hurt, by bringing them into the utmost weakness, poverty and bafenefr.” How contemptible must be the under standing of the man, who in the measures of tbe prefeot administration fees nothing tend ing to the eftabhffiing of such a monarchy j and bow detestable his principles, that fee ing such endeavours, and realizing their de ftmdive consequences, can be prevailed up on by any consideration, to abet or even con nive at such a fatal usurpation t Some, who for more than thrict thirty pious of geld r have fold their bit th right, have jufttfied, or rather excused the treason, by the plea of ne cessity । but what can excuse the man who cannot plead even the promise of a farthing, nor any thing more tempting than the finite of a creature, who is himfelf beneath the dignity of any one honest and independent freeman in the community? Honoura, commissions, civil and military, fays one, are in the gift of the firft magi strate. Granted. These are confeffed to be honourable, when the service of the com munity is the foie motive of accepting them: But for a man who was formerly known to cry out against the r pen violations of the rights of his fellow citizens, and brand the administration with all the epithets they have so richly deserved ; when such a msn I fay, barely by being created a captain, or perhaps a corporal, finds out that he was to tally mistaken in his former apprehensions of oppressions and grievances ; and is now tru ly convinced, that a man of tbe Governor’s piety and religion could never countenance an oppression, and indeed that we must have been altogether deceived, in our notions of grievance by some designing men, who for bate ends of their own, have set themselves is opposition to government, it must certain ly lead a considerate man, strongly to (ufped the head, the heart, or both together of such a convert. The whole religion of the Bible is wrapt up in two Ample precepts, infeperably con ceded with each other ; of which the lat ter is however the best evidence of our pos sessing the former. The man then, whose conduct leaves it very doubtful whether his concern for himfelf does not so much engage his whole mind that he little regards the inter est of his neighbour, or even the whole col tedion of his neighbours, inhabiting the country and civil community of which he is a member, has but a slender demand on our faith receding tbe truth and fervency of his religion. The light of tbe Gentiles, teems to have a peculiar reference to such religi ous, in those memorable srords, Many Jhcll fay unto mt in that Ltrd, Lord ! But 1 will fay untt them 1 know yen not, dtpart f mm mt YE ffVRKERS ts iniquity f Let the miserable daubers,who would cover the most treaionable purpofcs with tbe cloak Of religion, before they exhibit another inA dious harangue 00 lip religion, read soberly a few chapters io either of the evan gehftv, and mark careful: y against what daft of finoer* they find the most frequent and (b ---temn denuociatiens of divine vengeance 111 EUSEBIUS, For the Massachusetts SPY. Mr. Thomas, SEEING in your paper of the t Jth cur rent, Dodor Young's call upon Mr. Aaron Davis, junior, to produce the grounds of his charge against him, as being a man of ntpriruiplt: ; and Mr. Davis’s aofwer in the next paper : It brought to my mind a dis. pute held by some very intelligent persons, concerning which of the nights, Saturday or Sunday, (hould be kept as holy time. After each had exhausted his store of argument to very little purpose, one Tom Wood, a noted flax drefler,ftood up among thcm.andaddrdT ing himfelf to the audience in a very tant attitude, exclaimed,** My dear friends it is in vain to dilute this matter any further, for is it not written in plain words ? Beheld 1 1 9 heftrt you inti Galilee.’* H S . From the[London]GAZßTTßiit,bfOd.7, 7v/Ar PkJNTIR. THERE never was a time when more caution was neceflary to prevent the total extindion of liberty, than at this peri od of government. The inAdious arts of government, industriously propagated by it* varioua emiflaries, continually undermining every support of that once glorious fabric, the impartial and equitable administration of (he laws ; the spirit of luxury universally diftufed and adopted, encouraged by those very men who arc placed at the head of ad ministration to prevent its deftrudion, evi dently (hews (he impropriety of trusting in diferiminately to the profeffions of such art ful governors. The rights of the people in vaded, their complaints tejeded, negleded and despised, and univerfai corruption of mo rals and manners countenanced and approv ed, denotes the downfid of an empire unless a speedy remedy be applied. The true road to despotism is not by an open attack upon the rights of tbe people ; the public would be alarmed, opposition would raise its head. To attack fucceffivdy the defenders and fup portws of liberty, to cruffi the man that dares aflert its rights, to insinuate that the public welfare is not tbe concern of an indi vidual j these are the arts by which the art ful and despotic ministers forge the chains for a free people, until by degrees accustomed to the yoke they tamely submit to the opprefli on of tyrants, whose very existence was owing to their supine indolence and inac tivity. P R O B U S. M O N D AY, November 23. BOSTON, Last Thursday morning a valuable Negro fellow, belonging to Mr. Shirley, Butcher, in driving a cart of Beef at the south part of the town, was thrown down by another cart, passing by, when the wheel went over one of his legs and broke it in two places. The next day, just after a (hip was launch* ’ cd at the North end, a young man. Son of Mr. Richardton,head builder, in eroding the ways, fell among the timber and broke one of his kp (bort off. Last Friday Capt. Tree arrived here in fourteen days from Newfoundland ; on his paflage he spoke with a brig from Liverpool, bound to PHmouth, which had loft her rud der and waa then fleering with a cable. DIED.] Of a cancer, in the 66th year of her age, much lamented, Mrs. Mtrcy Smith, relid of the laic Mr. John Smith, of this town, merchant, and daughter to Elder Brtdgham, long Anceof this town deceased, at whose boufe ourq rarterly charily-meetin' originated.—M/s Hupkms, wife of Captai 1 Caleb Hopkins.—At Needham, Mrs. Eflq Kingfb jryr wife of Capt. Caleb Kingsbury, and daughter of the late reverend Mr.T owtf end of Needham. • [Numb. 94.