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*>© ® Or, Thomas’s Bolton Journal. A Weekly, Political, and Commercial Paper :—Open to all Parties, but Influenced by None. <OO thou LIBER fY inspire our Souls,—And make oar Lives in th vPolTcflion happy,--Or, in thy J us>t Defence.’ Vol. lII.] FRIDAY, February 26. . , • .London. Thehumb’e *bdriss of her gh; honourable the Lords Ipi.Lual and tempo al, in parliament assembled, to the King. Die Jovis, 26” Nowmbris, 1772. Most Gracious Sovereign, »E,. your Majelly’s m'.ft dutiful and ky«l fub je£L, .he Lord* spiritual and temporal, in parlia ment affeinbled, return our humble ard most unfeigned tha r ks to your MsjeHy, for your molt gracious speech from the thmne. \ •* We gratefully rcknowledge your Msjefty*: goodneG, in the gracious aflurances we have re cuvcd, that your M'jJty would have confukcd our private convenience, «f some very interellug public concerns had not required the early meeting of parliament. “ Yuur Mijefty may be allured, th 4 we will apply ourselves dil gently to whatever mav con cern the commerce or revenue of the kingdom, or the lights and rntcreft of any part of ycu> Majetty’s fubjeftr : That we are thoroughly convinced the affairs of the Eail India con'piny deserve and require our most ierious considerati on ; and that we will not negled an ol jed of such national importance. “ Permit us. Sir. to express the happiness we feil, at having re-son to hope, from the ommu nic«tion your Majesty has been pleased to make to us, that the war, which h s so long prevailed in one part of Europe, is drawing to a conclufi on : A happineh that is gjratly incteafed, by the addititiond profpeft it affords of the dura tion of peace ; which, we trull, the alteration: that have happened in Europe will not, in their confcquences afteft ; being ever firmly perlu ded, that your Majesty’s uniform endeavours to preserve the general tranquility will be directed, on a l pccafiona, by a doe regard to the honou of your crown, and the interests of your people “ With hearts deeply affeded, we learn th it the produce of the late harveit has not given the relief so cflcntially ncceflary to the p orer fort ol yourM.j tty’s fubjeds : A».d,co fdousthatwe can do no aft so acceptable to your Mjefty, a exerting our utmost eff -rts to cor.tribu.e to the case and comfort of all your people; we beg leave to iffure your Mqefty, that this cbj ft, which your paternal cate and tenderness have so particuia y pointed out, fhail engage our ut moff attention.” His Majesty’s mod gracious Akswer. “My Lokds «« I ' H ihK you for tbit autiful and efidio- note audrefi. «• Tuc zeal you exprefi in it for the honour of tny crown, and tbe rights and inter efts of my peo ple. give/ me tbe bigbeft feti fadlion. •« I firmly rej, that all your deliberations will tend to fiub meatures at /ball be most conducive to the great objiS you have before yin Among tbeje I art lure, you will not forget to provide for tbe dij reffts of the poor, as far as it is in tbe power of ’umdn iviftom to alleviate them " she humble Address of the House Com . mms to the King, •‘Most GRACtous Sovereign, “ WE, your M»jdty’s mull dutiful srd loyal Gbj As, thecomtmr.s of Great Biitain, in par liament assembled, beg leave to return your M.j:fty cur humble thanks for your most gra cious (p'echfrom the throne. “We ickao^lelge, with the exaeS gra titude your Majetty’s great goodrefs, in your coolant attention to whatever concerrs either the commerce and revenue of ycur kingdom at Urge, or the private right* and in ter efts of con- numbers among ycur people. And weretun our moQ out ful tha. ks to your Majef* ty for h»virg given m an eatly upportuci y of informing cufelvet fu ly of the true Rate of the affair* of the East India company : And assure your M jefty, that, imprtffed with a due sense of the g.e«t importance of the buQnefs, we will, without delay, procred to the confideraticn cf it; and endeavour to provide in the most effee tua. m inner that the nature of the case will ad mit, for "the common benefit and fe:mity cf all ths great ao<> weigKtv inteeils recommended to cu' c»re by your M jetty. “ Y ur faithful commons cannot but tejaice, i hear that jew M»j-Ry has rcaun la hope, THURSDAY, March 4, 1773. that the war which hrs io long unhappily pre vailed in one part of Eur >pe, is now drawing to •a c <nc ufion ; and hat the lavou able profp-A of the duration of petes, which fe probability of th'* eVent affords us, will not be aff-ded by the alterations * htch have lately happened : And we fed the highest fatisfadion, at the as finances, which your M jeuy contitues tn re ceive from foreign power*, of their pac fie dd pofitiona towards ibis country ; and at th: f me time we moil g-atcfully acknowledge your Mr jelly’s gracious declaration, that it »i l be your conflint endeavour to preserve the general tran qu-1 ty, aa fir aa it confitle.it with the hor our .of your crown, and .he interests of your pe pie. Your Majedy may be -flared, that your faithful commons will chearfu ly grart such lup plies as the services of the eniuing year (hah re quire : And although we are convinced, that it mud ever be for the interest and er.utation cf this country, to have a confide able (bo gth at fen; yet we learn with much Gtisfadijn, ih’t your M.jelty has been enabl d, during the comfe o. thia year, to proceed m the redudion of your naval edabldiment. *’ Fermi, us to c(Fer to your M»j ?dy our most hi mile and un cigned thanks, for the p re nil and .fLdionate concern, which your Mj.'lly has for the dist tiles which the poor continue to fufF-r, from the dearness of corn. And we allure you Majesty, th at a ciligent *>7 temio.l (hail not be wantieg, on cur part/ conftder of the most pre per means for pre vet ipj the increase of the evil; and for ailev p.e ent diftrefTea, aa far as they are in the r rap ture capable of relief; being persuaded, that we cannot >e dcr any fervicc more accep abl * to your M. jelly, than by e ntiibutir.g to the happi nets of a!1 your people ” His MAjEoTY’s mdt gracious AN3WE < to the AOdreG of the House of Commons: “ Gentlemen, “ I RETURN y»a my hearty thanks fur 1 bij very aU’ifnl address * Tbe <f) trances you give me of your tefohtti on to enttr into the immediate cuifi.tra ien of tbe mfoitant aft airs wbicb I have reclaim/nd. dto you, afford me great idtnyaflien', and 1 buv tbe Jul it ft Confiitnce. that you <wiil endeavour, at for as het tn your power, ts aueviaie tbe difts jfis •/ my people, who an ibe cenftaUi objeßs of my care ••nd ajfiction Mr. Thomas, You are desired to fubHJh the fol' owing from the New-Yolk Journal. AMONG the London news writers there are fame whose pub kations have a tendency to sap the foundations of the En ghlh conlfituuon, and by infenftble to prepare the minds of the people for the re ception of arbitrary government. Every occurrence is so represented as to promote such a deiign, sometimes, to degrade the cunlfitution, it is leprele.ued as a mere chi mera, an empty name or notion ; and that all other nations though under the muff arbitrary governments, are equally fond of their refpedive constitutions as we are of ours ;Io that there is no preference among them, but what is founded io national preju dice ; at other times* the conifrution itfdf is charged with the evils we in conse quence of its violation, such as tiots and uiiorders, and the licencious freedom of the press, &c.occafuned by oppreili >ns; allo the dilorders at elections, the inequality in par liamentary representation, the bribery and corrupt practices in the eiedion of members, their continuance in office independent on the will of their conlfituents and nu merous other cases that might be mentioned. At other times, in order to silence our com plaints again# those who are making daily incroachments upon our rights, the freedom and advantages we still enjoy, are compared with the opprelfion and misery of thole nati ons which have long since yeilded up their rights, and become the absolute slaves of tyrannical power ; as if that power, if once compleatly cftaaMhed over us, would net have the fame direful eff.dts it has h.d in the other nations, once as uce as we are. At other times the most arbitrary and un conftitutiona! exertions of power, are repre tented as lega'and right, and the most lau d .b e eff >r<s f»r the piefervation of the malt (acred lights f humanity are branded with the mod odious epi hets and represented a faction, rebellion, It would be high') benefic al to the public if (ome gentlemen of eifuc and ability wou’d make it their bufi Dels to deted and expafe (ho e m fchievous Writers, inorder to counteract their ma’ignity. I was led into rheie lefle&ions by reading (ome paragraphs in rhe London General Evening Poll of the 5 h of September last, wh ch I here with fend, and d<fne you will inkrt them in your next paper together wi h the remarks subjoined, winch will ob ige your constant reader, A Fri nd to Great Britain and her colonies. ’* London, September 5. It is exceeding lyuhmfteal that though the Enghfh con fider thcintelves as the 01 ly free nation in Europe, every other is cqual’y captivated wt hib conftttutioh. In. Ruffians, whm we repte'ent as mifeiablc Haves, dtpoku their pi Lee to maintain their rights; and tncPules a e at this moment glorying in the of their liberty, though three dJFcM\rmies belonging to different prin- F 1 b**“ d death thf 'Ugh* innate country. The state of that Pol (h gentry,who are a this mo.nent (cattcred in a mifeiab'e exile through the principal cities of .he continen is Du*) dcplorab c ; their iorg c ivi diftertir ns have entirely exhausted a I their ready money, and no returns are now to be expelled from their estates. Their country is alm< fl—— in the hands of ft rangers, and they Ice. though to late, that it ts better even to have a defpntic prince of their own. than to be under the government of a despotic enemy. The scarcity of money we hear, is (o ex c ffive, even in the neighbourhood of the great cities in Poland, that a fine horse Is cheerfully fold for a ducat; the edible ani mals,however, ate in a manner eaten up by various enenes ■ The grounds, .ikewife, remain uncultivated and all thc lorrorsof a fp/edy famine threaten wi h he ca a nitics of civil war to compleate the ieftruA.on ofjhc wretched inhabitants * * Whether this writer was himfelf deceiv ed or intended to deceive others, 1 biow not, but he certainly mifrep r esents the matter in hand. Every nation is naturally fond of their own customs and manne s fofur as they are just and rtafonable, and have contributed to their profit or pleasure : and are content to bear many inconvt niencies and hardjhips rather than to change their fttuation, not knowing perhaps that any other is more deJitable, or that a change might not be for the worse. But no nation was ever fond of anycuflomor thing merely be caujeitgave them pain or uneafine 's, though sometimes they would chufe to tndure tbofe e vih for the take of jome real or imaginary good connededwith it But none chufes evil, tha is pain or uneaftmfi) merely for its own fake • nor do any refufe good (that is plea jure or hap pinefs) but on account of the real or imaginary pain that is to proceed or follow it. Thus the Ruffians pccufionud to the yoke of slavery, and by a tyrannical power kept in ignerauce of ma ny of their natural rights, are fenfsble however of jome, and enjoy them perhaps with a higher relijh in proportion to the Jmallnefs of their number ; and therefore would resent and pu nijh an attempt to violate them as Jeverely as if they were in every refpeil a free people. As to the Polanders they mat thank tbemfelves for all the dijlrefs. and misery of their tdftoappy country, they have brought it to deflruiiton and are at last involved in it themjelves, and all b\ ’he very fame tyrannical principles, whicn this writer endeavours to i ncuicate, and whi h the generallity of the nobility and gentry of Great Britain are nt tbit time a cling upon, and pur- I he B ifton patriots are again amufmg | themselves tn fomenting a quarrel with the moihrr country ; the crown has it terms lately judiciously made its Governor irdc p n enton'thr American uflimblies. That his greitly nettled the Fabii and Detii of Mdllachufetts Bay; they insist-that the King’s maintaining the Governor’s eftabhlhmenr, is an inversion of their constitution, and they have (piritedly voted the English mimf- Urs, who gave that advice, little less than traitors to the crown, and enemies, to the pe >p'e, One wnu’J imagine, at a fi ft g’ance, that -.he Boston patriots ought to rej ice at their being exonerated fiom the expence of the G jvemor’s eftab dh nent ; butthetruth is, while the Governor was dependant upon them, they ait-jally were governors them fdvea. If he refuted to pass f ut h bills aa they orde ed, they refute to allow him any salary ; fu that he was general y starved into compliance, and the cfficer of the crown obliged,in most things, to cuuntcradl the very views of his mallei J suing wit hall their might. They aiming themfcl ves at unbounded freedom a freedom withoutcoq. troul just as the Boles did.are daily tyrannizing over the poor and cemmon people, 'encroaching upon their rights,and drawing them into a state fflavery, But if this is once compleatly es- feded the confit/nene s will crtaihly be the fame in England as they have been in Poland an 1 ny other nations,and they who occafi ned the de jbuflioti, will be the deipeft Jharcrs in it themselves. This writers com !u/ion therefore, in favour of def pot if n from the pt efent flute of tie Ruffians and Folariders, h extemely absurd, x Upon the fame principles, this writ,/ next endeavour s to ente> tain the public at the ex pence of the pe-ple of Boftcn,whom he sneering y calls the Boston patriots, and jays are again amuleing themselves in fomenting a quancl wi’.h their mother count y. If the Boflon people in the contention with their mother coun try aim at nothing but the preservation of their just rights, md proceed in the mojl pru dent and peaceable methods they can devsfe, they undoubtedly deserve to be honoured and e ftcemed as real patriots by every true friend to Englund and its excellent cmflitution. If the mojt important rights of the people of B:Jlon are urjuftly invaded, and they in their own de, erne, are only endeavouring to maintain them in the n.oft peaceable manner possible, it is mojl injurious to repref nt them as Jomenters of a c/uar/el with their mother country. He fays the crown has judxioufly made its Governors independent of the American ailcmblies, &c. the event will shew whether this was judiciously done or not ; at prejent / think the people in Ames ica who are mo ft deeply and immediately concerned are more like by to judge rightly of the tban either this writer or the minif/ry. Let any man as common under/landing judge whether a Goi<er~ nor whoje interefi depends upon and it united with that of the people over whom he prelides, or one who is unconneHled with them in intereji and wholly independent of them, is most likely to uje his endeavours to promote their interflar.d happinejs ? Would the people of Gt, at- Britain be pieajed to be governed by a King thus un connetied with and independent of them? If not, they imagine that their brethren in America, entitled to the Very fame rights and pf iv.bges, should be jatisfied with jueb a Governor ? Or that freing such a one upon them is not an inverpan of their con/Hiution or that tbe mmijlers who advised the me a jure, were not guilty of a high breach of duty to toe crown ana to tbe people f He fays, at tuft gianceone would i nagine tbe Iduiton patriots ought to tej .ice at temg exontra cd t orn the expence of the Gover nor's eitaanihmem, &c. it muji be a very [Far tbs remainder ke the iaft [Numb. 109.