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The Massachusetts spy, or, Thomas's Boston journal. [volume] (Boston [Mass.]) 1772-1775, March 24, 1774, Image 2

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Tne 4th, ;th, j*th a:.J 43! regiments, are
t r’.kve the 10th, 14th, jadand 59J1, in
Sir Wuiiam ikxxhly, hasgot the 6th, Ge
nera! Pilkes ii is ftid, >vtil hav-che 50th regt.
Morfnd ’kowne, Esq: will be appointed
to t.e o '-rnment of the Bahamas, and Go
ven n >uiky removed from thence to Domi
nica; vi e b r William Younge.
January 8. A fehemeitjs said is now
in agitation for the better prevention and
lupprclfiun of libels, without infringing on
th.it invaluable privilege the liberty of the
Should a government bn eftablilhed on the
Ohio, it is said, Major Skene will be appointed
s to preside there.
Saturday a widow woman in Oxford
road, left two children locked up in her
lodging while Ihe went to market; the one
a girl about fix years of age ; the other, a
boy about three : The girl having often
heard her mother threaten her brother, that
if he cried she would cut his -— off ; and
the boy happening to cry during the mother’s
absence his filter, having it is supposed,
endeavoured in vain to quiet him, dilmem
bered him with a pair of feiffars. The
mother on coming home, and Ending her
son in this unhappy situation, was so affec
ted and enraged, that she unfortunately gave
her daughter an unlucky blow with a po
ker, which killed her on the spot.
Intclirence via South-Carolina.
J.nsary 13. Two motions of 4 liftinrt kind, but of very
Singular importance, are expected to be made on Thursday
next in the House of Peers.
They write from Constantinople, that the Lieutenant
Aga of the JaniHarics had summoned all the elders and chief*
of that body, opened tn them the critical situation of the
army, and declared to them in the name of the Grand Sul
tan, the Mufti, and the whole high Divan, the great nc
ceflity there was for railing a frelh army without the Icaft
delay or any further confideratlon about it, so that they must
iflue immediate orders for 60,000 Janiflaries before the ex
piration of the Ramzan (Lent) in the defence of the name of
MulTelmen, and the Mahometan religion, which was nlver
more likely to receive a greater check from the Chriftiar. s
than at present.
This day bis Majedy went to the House of Peers, and
opened the Sefton of Parliament w.:b a mJI gracious Speech,
the fubftan.e of which was :
HE took notice of the good effcfls that had fuccceded the
temporary distress which bad been treated by the regulations
they had made lull Sefton re fpe fling Cold Coin ; and recom
mended to them in the ftrongejt terms, to prof cute their enqui
ries still further, into the adulteration of the coin, as a duty
they owed to their country. He said, be had the plea fur e to
inform them, that bis neigh''our, and allies entertained the
fame pacifick sentiments as himfelf; and lamented that th e
war fill raged letwten the Rufttns and Turks. He con
cluded in the usual manner, with his hope that they would
cheerfully grant the usual fupplim, the estimates of which
fhouid be laid before them.
[ln our last we puhlijhed an account of a late duel, a, re
lated by Mr. Templewe have face received a fart bar
account, given by Mr. Whately,bi, antagonft, via.]
From the LONDON CHRONICLE, of January 8, 1774.
To the P R I N T E R.
S I R, Cheam, ytb Jan. 1774.
YT is with great relurtance, on my part, that I am again
I called forth into print by Mr. TYmple ; but the letters
(now lay before the public render it impoHible for me to re
main silent. The following letter from Mr. Temple to me,
•f the 28th of December, was tranfinitted to me at tlris
place the day foilowing.
S I R,
THERE are fbme moll villainous reports propogated
againil me. Your confinement, I fuppofc, must have pre
vented their reaching your ears. It Is said that you tell
upon the ground, and when in that situation, unable to de
fend yourfclf, I (tabbed you in the back, and in several parts
of your body. These (lories you know to be falfe; you,
therefore, are the proper person to remove the impreflions
which they have made on the public. 1 alk no favour of
you; my conduit requires none. Theftateof your health
has hitherto prevented my making any application to you.
As I am informed, by your furgcon, that you are now much
better,! can no longer,in jultice to myfelf postpone it. What
1 have to desire of you is, that you will inform the public
whether 1 did not, in every refpert, behave to you like a
gentleman, and a man of honour. lam Sir, your most
humble servant, J» 1 EMI’LE.
Great-Georgc-ftreet, titb. Dec. 1773.
To William Whately, Esq;
I desired my brother to return the following answer be
fore I had fecn Mr. Temple's dated the iSth,
feu given to the public the 30th of December.
SIR, Dec. lyth. 1773.
M ¥ brother this day received your letter of the 28 th
December, in which you require him to inform the public
whether you did or did not, in every refpert, behave to him
like a gentleman, and a man of honour. If, on a cooler
confideotion, vou fhouid inform me that you still persist in
vour desire, and mean to compel him to lay the aftair be
• fare the public, lam to as lire you, that as I'ooll as his health
1 is fufikiently re-eftabliflusd, hcca”not, on his own account,
have any objedion. At prefo.t he is at his Surgeon’s house
I in the country, and in to > weak a date to attend to this, or
any other bufmeE. I am, vour most humble feivant.
P. S. A letter may probably come to my hand the foon
•r for being duelled to me at my brother s in Lombard
Mr. Temple’s answer to my brother was as follows :
SIR, Great George ftrect, •ft Dec. 1773.
I required that JuCuce of your brother which one gentle
. man has a right to expert from another. You have an
' fwered me with an inlulting letter. Had your brotlier when
” he saw my character attacked by afet of anonymous afiaf
fins, under the frnftion of his name, tinted to the public the
J whole truth concerning me, neither my reputation would
J have fuffered, nor (houid we have been forced into a person
-11 al conteiL If irechnvfes to puri’ue the fame coudurt re
—litive to the new tailh'»ods which have been, with the most
wicked inuuftry, circulated to my dilhonour, the censure of
ait must rest upon iiim. As to compelling him to a publi
-3 cation, it is my with that he fliouldbe under no compulsion,
.'but that of a tree fenle of what is just and honourable. You
IE f t >eak of cooler c .nlidrration of what 1 have requested. Sir,
““upon tlie coolsft confederation I repeat, that I a!k no favour
of him. 1 experted jaftke; he has deniedit: Cunfcious
Tof my innocenc*, I :h“refore now fct him at defiance, and
Iren ready to meet his appeal to the public whenever he plea
• fes»flrm!y relying upon that justice from them which he has
thought proper to aeay. 1 am, Sir, your most humble
(errant, a J. TEMPLE.
Your letter was not left st my house tilllate last night, or
it hare been foorer anfw rcd.
Thia tetter nukes it a matt rof neceflity with me mi
wtcly f> relate the wWr tr mfafHon,
It was about oneo’efock on Saturday, the nth of Decem-
M ver, that Mr. kart, c Jed upon ne in Lombard-llrcet, and
jnfvrmed me that he waite 1 on me on 1 vey JfagreeaHe
relating to his friend Mr. Temple. He then predated
the New -inper conthuing my publn ation,And pointing out
thele words, “ that is a truth,” informed me that that as
sertion was the part to which M:.'J r .iple übjedted ard de
nied, and which he Inliftcu on my rctiafti. g. 1 thick 1
need fcaicc add, this w.s icfu£d on my part ; upon which
Mr. izaid delivered me the letter containing Mr. Temple’s
challenge* and ap)>oinung the meeting to be al four o’clock
that afiernoon, at the ring in Hide Park. Upon my gi.ing
my answer into Mr. Izard’s hands, he alked if 1 propofol hav
ing any friend to accompany me ; and on my informing him
1 never chose to involve others in my own ditficultibs, we
parted. 1 cannot help obfirving in this place, and whoever
refers to the words of my former publication must agree with
me, that I deemed myfelf calle? fonh by Mr. Temple not
for any repreientation given by me of our last conversation,
but for an aflertion originally and fre-iy made by me tr im
the beginning,and inv.<riabiycontinucd, and which contained
a firt I must necelfarily (viewingthe affair in any light) most
sincerely wifo had never happened, and which therefore no
thing but a ieiifc or truth could have induced me ta declare.
Unflci kd, and altogether unpradiled, as f m ike no (au;!e
to dedare myfelf in the ufeofarms, ind the Ihurtnefs of tSe
time not admitc.ng of anv previous,preparation, I provided
myfelf with the only weipun I iiad at h n i, which is the
reaion, and the only reason, that I appeared on the spot with
the sword only. Upon Mr. Temple’s cxpreiii.ig himfelf
that he.presumed I had pistols about me, I told him 1 had
not; but that if he was provided with fire arms, I was will
ing to share his arms with him ; and upon his fixing upon
the Ipot, he delivered to me one of his pistols, I retired a
final) space, and desired to receive his fire, which he gave me
without eftert. 1 then pointed my pistol in a line with my
antagonist’s body, but purposely raised considerably above his
head. Mr. Temple then drew his sword ; 1 did the fame.
He soon took occasion to observe to me, that he perceived
I was no fwordfinan, which I readily confefted. Early in
the contest he seized my sword with his left hand, and bid
me alk my life. I peremptorily refilled, and a flight effort
dft ngaged us. I very soon had him at the fame advantage.
1 had his fwoid fecund in my left hand, and my sword at
1 iberiy ; when I bid him not to alk his life, but to take it
unasked. We were again difengagcd,and soon I once more
availed myfelf of another opportunity to seize his sword, and
again I bid him take his life unalked : He proceeded on
each of those occasions as not hearing me, at kali he made
no reply. lam far from unwilling to make allowance for
the infirmity of my opponent. After this I made no further
effort to seize his fwoid, but continued to art on the defen
five only, though on several occasions many parts of his body
appeared to my judgment to be unguarded, and, with security
to myfelf, open to my attack. My condurt was so obvi
ously defenfive, that it was even noticed by Mr. Temple, to
whom I made no other reply than that I fhouid detenu my
life. The contest continued ; the countenance of my an
taginift still fomedmes be.ir ng strongly the marks of paflim
and rage. It was, 1 presume, under fbme luch unhappy,
ungovernable influence that late in die aftair, and not long
before we were parted, he declared he would put me to death.
But in this part of my narrative let me add, that he never
appeared to make any long lunge at me.
One or two horsemen and foine perlons on foot were soon
afterwards at no great distance, and making up to us,
and my foor, in retreating, happening to flip, I fell firft
on my sword hand, and tlten on my left hand ; and before I
could recover myfelf several persons were near to us. Mr.
Temple stepped up to me and said w« fhouid meet again,
and even proposed then to withdraw.
1 do not recoilert that 1 returned any answer ; in a little
time Mr. Izard came up to us, and now fuiding my loft of
blo J was considerable, and that my breast was afFerted in a
manner that made me draw my breath with difficulty, I
accepted Mr. Izard s offer to take his coach, which was then
in the Park, and near at hand, to convey me to Mr. Sanxay *
or Mr. Davenport’s my surgeon. In our way to Eflcx-ftreet,
on my mentioning to Mr. Izard feme circumstances of the
affair, and particularly my having twice hold of my ad
versary’s sword, and the use I made of those situations, he
suggested that it would be better to fay nothingof the due),
Jledging that Mr. Temple was a man of that violence of
temper that ifany misrepresentations were got abroad which
is always,more or lefs,the cafe,it might induce him to renew it.
The only answer I ould make and the only answer 1 did
make, was, that I had neither a motive nor a' with to con
ceal the due!. Mr. Izard (fayed, and was present with me
at Mr. Davenport’s, during thegreateft part of the timeem-
I ployed in dreliing my wounds ; snd I took opportunities to
declare that I did not pretend to be a judge of the points,
which, in the eye of the world, constitute fair or unfair fight
ii.g, and therefore did not take upon me toaccufe Mr. Tem
ple of unfair proceeding, by a declaration thus couched, to
reserve to myfelf my own sentiments.
Mr. Temple has called for those sentiments, and I mean
they ihould be intelligibly conveyed in the narrative I have
given, and the evidence accompanying it, with refpert to
luch of my wounds as are Angular, particularly one on my
left fide, a little above my hip, which I underhand must have
been in consequence, not of an oblique but of a dirert thurft
tending to the center of the body, and one on the back part
of my left Ihoulder. I declare, I know not when I received
these hurts; I neither saw nor felt the sword at the time
they were givens I must therefore lay it before the public,
and appeal to the testimony of others, who happened to be
eye-witnefles, or can give information of the tranf«rtion,and
to the declaration of Mr. Davenport, who firft drefied my
BEING called upon to declare the number and situation
of the wounds which Mr. Whately received in a late duel, I
do declare there were five only which demanded the atten
tion of a surgeon, or required dreliing.
Three of these were in the front of the body, v'z. one on
the inferior part of the light breast, one a little below the
collar bene of the left fide; the third on the pit of the sto
mach ; this last only was important.
With regard to the two other wounds, one was situated
rather below the middle of the left fide of the body ; the
other b-hred, about the center of the left ihoulder blade.
Eftex-ftreet, Jan. 2, 1774. R. DAVENPORT.
1 1 HOMAS PHIPPS, servant to Mr. Davenport, do
declare, that whilst Mr. Whately was in the lurgerv, to
have his wounds drefied, Mr. Izard's footman told me, that
as his matter was palling in his coach, near the place the
duel was fought, the iervants hearing pistols fired, cried out
“ There's a duel,” upon which Mr. bird got out of the
coach and ran to the spot, ordering his servants to wait his
return ; that they stood at some distance, nevertheless, not
Io far, but that they could eafiiy diftinguiih what pafied;
that two gentlemen were fighting with swords, a fist, large
gentleman, and a lean one ; both at that distance unknown
to them ; that they saw the lean gentleman prefimg hard
upon tire tat one, who retreated, never attempting to pu/h,
but deeming to avoid any dangerous thrust ; that thus re
tiring, the fat gentleman 11/pt down, and while falling, the
dean one still kept puihing at him.
Dated this 4th day of January , 1774. T. PHIPPS.
I WILLIAM CANBURN, keeper of the Hanover
fquare Alehoufc, in St. George's row, facing Hyde-Park,
do declare that on Saturday the 1 ith of December last, about
four o’clock in the afternoon, standing in my tap-room, and
hearing the report of a pift»l, I turned my head and law
two Gentlemen in the Park, about two hundred yards dis
tance, and immediately saw one of them fire a pistol; not
then apprehending it to be a due), I did not dirtrtly go
out of my house, but continuing my eye upon them, I soon
after observed them fighting with (words ; I went out and
heard one of t' en fay the words, “ beg your life im
mediately upon this, I leaped over the Park wall, and ran
upon them, when one ofthem, a I inly gentleman, was then
retreating, and 1 heard him fay the words,«l art upon the
defimfne I thought lie e. med to have the worst of it, and
cried out, ‘‘for God** Cake do not murder the Gendeman;"the
lusty Gentleman however caught and held his Antagonist $
fwoid once or twice in his hand. The said lusty Centlemnn
so-n as. rlpt, ano I think fell upon his right hand, and 1
I hw hiur rccJac a wound in his fide a* he wm
falling* but cannot be .er: tin, Urg n.»f«lc very touch con
tuls .
Jan. 4. 1774. WILLIAM CANBURN.
I JOHN BEAR DM 0 Rll, son to Mr. Eeardmore,
keener of the Bailey Mow Livery-fiables in Piccadilly, uo
dccLue, that on Saturday the H;h of December till, being
on horseback in Hydc-pa k, a d hearing tiro report of a pistol,
I turn> I round and law two gentlemen, standing at lome
little distance from eacti other jn ths road which leads round
the park near die place where ti e foldins are fl ot; atd
soon after law another pistol fired by one of the said gerr
tlemen. As soon as the fmake occasioned by the l ift
pistol, was difperled, I perceived they were fighting with
fwoJs. I rode oft immc-diately for aififtance to Grohern r
gaic ; and on my return, I found one ur them, a lusty
gentleman* retreating, who Teemed to art entirely un the
defenfive. Scam after the said lusty gentleman’s foot tlipt,
and lie fell upvn his fwoul hand, and in that situation the
other gentleman made a thrust at him, which leaned to
wound him frame where about his flioulder.
Jan. 4, 1774- JOHN B E A RD M OR E.
1 J O H N POULTNEY, keeper of the three com
pafles, in Green-street, Grofvernor-fquare, do declare, tliat
on Saturday three weeks, palling under H}de-park wall <>p
pufitetoSt. George's row, I heard two pistols go oft’, and
hearing a perlon on horfcback fay the words, “ The gentle
man that could have killed the other will be killed at last.”
1 went up to the Hanover-square alchoufe, which 01 srlooks
the park, anc (aw two gentlemen, the one lusty, the other
(lender, fighting with swords ; the lusty gcitlcman soon af
ter flipt, and fe I upon his right hand ; and while he was in
that situation, I saw the (lender gentleman make a thrust at
him with his sword, which seemed to wound him Ibmewhcre
on the left fide.
7<n». 4, 1774. JOHN POULTNEY.
I have treip.uled much on the reader’s patience. I have
only to add, that as all fort ofintercourfe, whether hostile or
a nicabie, between Mr. Temple and myfelf, is at an end
for the remainder of our lives, I hope and I trull, I jhad
never again have occasion to addreft the public relative to
this untoward event.
iiis Majelty Oxnookortunkogog’s Most
Gracious Answer to the Ha ar rsof Stbbl.
Mnjl Noble Hearts of Steel.
I THANK you for your kind and affeftionate
address, and the aiTurances you have given
me of your attachment to my righteous govern
ment,which all good fubjetts will endeavour to
flipport. lam sorry to find there are any of my
iubjeds “ born and educated” within my
realms, dilafieded to the laws and liberties of
a freeconftitution, and have proceeded to mea
fares sub verfive of the happtnefs of my free born
fubjeCts, attended with circumstances that mani
feft a tendency to shake off their conjiitutional de
pendance on one of my capital provinces, which
must naturally introduce anarchy and confulion
that may pro ve injurious to the rights ofmy peo
ple. You may rest aflured oirny “ attention to
the “ rights of my American fubjefts,” and
that I fliall never fail to exert that authority,
which the laws of God and nature aided by
the most happy constitution, hath provided
against the subtle arts, and intrigues of a fevj
dtjajfefled factious perJons, who have been clan
destinely seeking ** an abridgement of what are
called Englifti Liberties,” and planning the
destruction of some of my fubjeds. I would
earnestly recommend to you to cultivate and
maintain a fpii iiof harmony and union among
yourldves,which will naturally tend to heighten
a felicity so advantageous to the rights of civil fo
ciety,az// render us rejfelled abroad and happy at
home. The strong aiTurances i receive from you,
of your determination 10 support, defend and
maintain the rights and liberties of my people,
meet with my highest approbation.
The Preacher proceeded and said,
“ X T THEN I address the Americans,
Vv 1 fpcak to the moil virtuous
rational and free people now on earth ; and
therefore no word which is “ fitly spoken”
will fail of producing some good effect.
I speak not to flatter my countrymen, but
to convince them that they have the faireft
pi for liberty and every other blessing,
of any nation in the world, and to ftimu
latc them to continue and incrcafe their
exertions to eftabhih virtue and freedom in
this glorious land of their forefathers.
“ it is the constant theme of tyrants,
tones, and the sordid part of mankind,
that “ no people have virtue enough to
enjoy liberty, and therefore they must have
masters.” This infamous doctrinehas been
industriously propogated in America, but
happy for the people, they have generally
too much understanding to be deceived by
abfurdities«which are an infu’t to humanity.
“ When any man’s experience shall
teach him his money is fafer in the hands
of a robber than in his own, then he may
suppose his liberties will be fafe in the
hands of tyrants ; for all tyrants are rob
bers. It is indeed strange. and has been
matter of aftonilhment to the most sensible
men in every age of the world, that the
vilest of ail governments, Tyranny,
fhouid so much prevail ; that men fhouid
fufttr the most detested of their species to
hold the ** rod of empire and, to feed
infernal ambition and avarice, butcher their
innocent brethren and tread their superiors
in the dust ? I hope and pray that the dark
days of despotism may soon pass away
“ like the morning cloud,” and the glori
ous days of liberty arise like “ the clear
shining of the fun after the rain.”
“ The Americans have been more in
structed in liberty and understand the na
ture of government better than any other
people, and it might be demonstrated by a
“ million of reasons,” that this country
will become fupcrior to every other quarter
lof the world. As the fun doth rife in the
I call and travel to the weft, so hath learning
i and empire ; and the prtient al'pect of the
i world portends the decline of Europe and
the glory of America. One limb of tyran
ny alter another will be lopped oft' until
freedom fhincs without a cloud, and the
din of tories shall be heard no more. In a
few years the best of the people in Britain
and Ireland will come to America, where
they may leave their polterity with the
animating hopes that they will from gene
ration to* generation enjoy the rights of
“ Ifßritain’s rulers fhouid (in consequence
of the late opposition to her tyranny) be so
infatuated as to fend more fleets and armies
to inforce her unrighteous acts, we may
then conclude, that her destruction is draw
ing near ; and that America will soon dil
folve all connections with her old corrupt
tyrannical mother, and form a government
of her own upon the pure principles of li
berty. This will undoubtedly be the case,
and therefore every one who is determined
to be a freeman, fhouid prepare for it. The
remarkable ditpenfations of piovidence m
favour of this country confirm our faith
that we shall always conquer the enemies
of freedom ; therefore in God let us put
our trust and never “ be dismayed.”
Mr. Thomas,
UPON Mr. H.’s elevation to the
government of this province, he im
mediately iflued a proclamation, declaratory
pf his intention to encourage virtue and
piety to the utmost of his power. With
this declaration I propose, after the man
ner of Philalethes, to reconcile his con
duct during the last feflion of the General
When the House of Representatives im
peached a Judge for bribery, &c. before the
Governor and Council, he denied the au
thority of the Governor and Council to try
said Judge for such crimes as he was ac
cuied of ; and when the two Houses had
fully proved this point he, answering by
an aCt of power, prorogued the Court.
Another proof of the uniformity of his
conduCt is, hU refufing his aflent to a Bill
for preventing Bribery, in the election of
Representatives; though copied, Mutatis
Mutandis, from an aCt of the British
parliament, for whom he has always pro
feffed the greatest veneration, and upon
whose account, it is pretended, that the
late prorogation took place. As he has
alligned no reason for these parts of his
conduCt, every one who chufcs may inves
tigate them. It may now be said that he
has kept in office a man, rendered unfit for
it by an unanswered accusation of Bribery,
of being an enemy to the province, and of
endeavouring, as far as in him lay, to sub
vert its civil constitution. But is his re
fufing to condemn another vindicating him
felf ? Who can blame him for not trying
the Judge ? Every man ought to support
his own reputation ; and “ charity cover
eth a multitude of fins.” So true a friend
is he to the province, that from regard to
its laws and constitution, he firft suppressed
a remonstrance, and afterwards refufed to
hear an impeachment for crimes in which,
the very effenceof High Treason, against
the province consists. To the fame reason
may his reiefting the Bill against Bribery
be referred : For some of his favourites
would never be elected, fhouid such a law
obtain : And he has no other need of fa
vourites, than to keep his Fifteen Hun
dred Pounds Sterling per annum.—
Compaflion for our fellow men is, I think,
reckoned among the chriftian virtues. That
Mr. H. is pofl’effed of it, at least so far, as
it tends to encourage luxury, indolence, and
other virtues, he has proved by re
fufing his aflent to the Bill prohibiting
Slavery. Hence it appears that his beha
viour has been perfectly confident with his
declaration.—However, it is necessary to
observe, that by virtue he meant Venality,
Corruption, Bribery, Injustice and Cruelty.
TL—T. 1 » L 1 ■—
CHOICE MADDER, the growth of this
province, to be SOLD by
Near die Mili-Budgi, BOSTON.
AL L persons are hereby cautioned against
crediting Judah the wife of me the fubicriber, as I
will not pay any debts ofher contorting from the date hereof.
Braintree, March lift, 1774-
To be SOL Dby
At his Shop in King-Street,
Nearly oppofitc the North door of tlie State-Houfc,
DUTCH LACES, and a Large ASort
ment of ENGLISH, and SCOTCI*
GOODS, on very chesp terms for READY MONEY.

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