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LONDON May 26. ' '
House Commons. TH E order of the day for the second read ing of the bitt from the lords, intitled, an aft for making more effeftual provision for the government of Quebec, in North-Amen • ca, being readpt a warm debate enfuad, in which both parties supported their opinions with great art and ability; but the question being pressed by the promoters of the bill, it was at length put, and the house divided, ayes 105, noes 29, and the bill was committed for Tuesday. _ . Mr. T. Townsend spoke as follows on the fubjeft" Little did I think, that a country as large as half Europe, and within the domi nions of the crown of Great-Britain, was go ing to have the Romilh religion established m it as the religion of the state. Little did I think, that so many thousand men, entitled and born to the rights of Engliihmen, fettling on the faith of the King’s proclamation, should, con trary to that assurance, contrary to every idea of the constitution, be fubjeded to French Papists, and French laws. Little did 1 think, that when the noble lord opposite me, assured us, that the crown officers over the way, (So licitor and Attorney-General) the Sages learn ed in the law, the firll great law officer under the crown in the other houfe* cv** the lord president of the council* had been confuked and had turned their closest attention to this fubjeft; little did I think* I fey, than any measure like the present could have been the. united result of so many great* wife, grave, and learned men. Standing as I do, and aftoniffied as I am, I call upon the noble lord to answer, and tell to which of those feges does the nation, do the Canadians* ft and indebted for this extraordinary aft of legislation. Lord North. The honourable gentleman has put a firing of questions to me which lam in no way able, nor, if I were, (hould I looif.i upon myfelf bound to answer. I know not who drew the bill up. I know not whether it was the great lawyer or that noble Lord, AH 1 know about the matter is, that it is a bill from the other house offered to us for our con iideratiun, and on which thehoufe Is at liber ty to form that opinion bell foiled to its wis dom and judgment. I know further, that ve ry great and uncommon pains have been taken to form a bill leail Viable to inconvenience or oLjtdion from any quarter. Mr. Dunning. lam well warranted in af firming, and do without reserve affirm, that it is a bill the moil pernicious in its frame, and deftruftive of the principles of the conllitu tion in its tendency, that was ever introduce® into this house—What does it do t ft appoints a legislative council, under the absolute controul and dominion of the governor; that governor equally dependant on those in power here; that council to be composed of Papists and Frenchmen; and this is the government and the mode of legillation which British fub jefts and Englishmen are bound implicitly 'to obey. ——— ' May Vs A letter from Berlin, fays, “ that the projeds of their Monarch the KingofPruf fia, are likely to have an end, his malady in creasing daily, and his phylicians are very doubtful if he can long forvive the violent gout which has now attacked him in the ilomach, yet notwithstanding his bedy is lb pained, his mind at intervals is aftivt, and teems intirely let on his favorite Tchemeof bringing the city of Danxkk and all that part of Poland he has claimed, under his abiolute dominion; which, once afTefted, he fhali, he lays, die in peace.” A letter from Leghorn, brings advice that four Ruffian andfixTurkilh men of war, have had an engagement in the Archipelago, and after a very obilinate contest, two of the latter were burnt, and a third funk ; the other three were obliged to yield to the Ruffians. Advice i*'received from Raby Callie, of the death of his Grace William Fitzroy, Duke of Cleaveland and Southampton, Earl of Chi chefter, Comptroller of the leals, &c. Letters from Madrid, mention, •• that it is now the avowed intention of that court, to take part against the Ruffians in the Mediterranean; for which purpose squadrons are fitting out.” Muy 21 . His Majeily went yelterday to the house of Peers, and gave the royal assent to 5 1 public and priv ate bills. A letter from Pari, of the loth, fays, ” that Madame de Barre is confined in a convent, with an annuity fettled by the King of 3000 livres, all her estates, jewels, and wardrobe, were (dzed, and will be fold and dillributedto the poor r That the Duke of Richlieu is order ad to retire to his government:' And that the Dukes of Nivernois and Choifeul have given their advice in council relative to public affairs.” Madam Barre is laid to be extremely ill. And it i» even reported that the is dead.. May dt>. The following is the lift of the Lords who voted again# .the American mea sures. D ukes of Richmond. Earls of Befoorough, Manchcftcr, Shelburne, Poland, Scarborough, . Leinfter, VifcountTorrington, Marquis of Rockingham, Barons Abcrgaveny, Earl s of Stamford, Craven, Abington, King, Lthngham, Beanlieu, Fitzwilliam, Sondes, Darnley, Ravenfworth, Spencer, Campdcn, Stair, Biihop of St. Afisph. May 28. Lord North has proposed the fol lowing resolutions on the Canada Bill: That • a duty of 3d. per gallon be laid on all British fpiriu imported into Canada: That a duty of 6d. per gallon be laid upon alWpirits imported into Canada, the product of the Weft-Indies; That a duty of is. per gallon be laid on all’ fpirirs imported into Canada, the produce of North America ': That a duty of is. per gallon be laid on all foreign foirits imported into Ca nada : That a duty of 6d. per gallon be paid on ail molasses or lyrup imported intd Canada in British (hips : That a duty of is. per gallon be laid on all molasses or syrup imported into Canada in Weft India bottoms: That a duty of 2S. per gallon be laid on ail molasses im ported into Canada in North-American and foreign bottoms: And, that a duty of 11. 16s. be paid for every licence granted to any per son who (hall feH liquors or spirits of any kind, or keep any public house in Canada; to be collefted towards railing a revenue for paying the civil Government* and adminiftra rion of justice there. All the above duties to be collefted over and above any duties now collefted there. Letters from Paris mention, that the Duke de Choifeul had returned from his exile in the county, and paid his compliments to the new Monarch, but was very coolly received, from which it is supposed the old Ministry have had address enough to recommend themselves to the favourofthe young King, and will continue in rhejr several departments. May 3 1. D u ring the late debate on American measures in the upper assembly, a noble Duke, remarkably diftingnifhed for his popularity* in the courts of his speech, said, M that if the Americans wore thus to be* treated, -he could not help wifhirtg them fuccefr in their refill- ' ance.” Upon" which Lord Mansfield got up, and for expressions spoken in the helibf argument, said, he was very fare the noble Duke would correft himfelf. His Grace soon rose, but instead of correcting him iW repeated his expression, and formally ap plied to the bench of bifeops, whether it did not well become a chrifttan to with relief so those who were heavy laden. Letters from Dantzick mention* that the magistrates of that city had received intelligence of the King of Prussia’s being in such a way that it was pall the power of medicine to relieve him; but that they had used every precaution to keep it a secret, for fear of the exultation of the populace. June 1. His Excellency Governor Tryon n arrived at Falmouth in the Mercury Packet from New-York. The Aftive man of war, from Boston, is arrived at Plimoitih. The parliament rife the j 4th of this month. Kinjale in Ireland, May to. Lord Percy did two afts just before he left this town to em bark for Boston, which reflefts honour on him as an officer and a man. On receiving an ac count of rhe arrival of the transports at Cove, he immediately sent for his officers acquainting them therewith, and told them, that as some of them very possibly could not, on account of the Ihort time which they had to (lay, receive remittances from their friends, he would, as their Colonel, difeharge all their debts con trasted in that town. The day before he left this place, being informed that one of the sol dier’s wives, was no: in a condition to go with her hulband, as (he was then ill with the finall pox humanely gave eight guineas to a gentle man in this town to lupply her with all necessa ries during her illntfs, and left directions to have her sent to Boston, when recovered, at his expence. WAH-Omei, May 16. Ift Troop of horse grenadier guards, John Robinibn, Sub-Lieutenant.. Thomas Staun ton, Adjutant and Sub-Lieutenant. 6th reg. Dragoons, William Gunn, Captain of a'troop. Naiiau Smith, Lieutenant. Horace Church hill, Cornet. 1 16th reg. Light Dragoons, John Qlement Ives, Chaplain. 4th regiment. Foot, James Ogilvie, Major. Charles Coch rane, Captain. George Bofcawen, Enlign. 7th reg. foot, John Campbell, Lieutenant. 12th reg. foot Tho. St. Clair Abercromy, Chaplain. 13th reg. foot, Walter Scott, Quarter-master. 14th reg. foot, James Stair Lindsey, Ensign. 16th reg. loot, Emanuel Baker, Captain. Fitz Maurice Comer, Cap tain. Wm. Barker, Captain Lieutenant. William Grogan, Lieutenant. William M’- Dermott, Ensign. 26th reg. foot, Rowland Swan, Captain. Robert Haltmgs, Lieutenant. Joseph Molana, Ensign. 29th reg, foot, Da vid St. Clair, Captain-Lieutenant. Charles Williams, Lieutenant. 48th reg. foot, Hen ry Hyatt, Lieutenant. 50th reg. foot, Ro bert Connor, Ensign. 51st reg. foot, Robert Drummond, Captain. 58th reg. foot, Al bert Gledftanes, Lieutenant. Innes, Ensign. Lieutenant Archibald Montagu Bhowne, of the 55th regiment, to be Fort Adjutant and Barrack-Mailer at Sc. Vincent. The foUo-iving “ adt for the better providing fidt able quartert for officers andfoldiers in his Ma jefiy's fervict i* North-America,” has passed ’ both Houses of Parliament and received the Roy al agent. ♦ . WHEREAS doubts have been entertain ed, whether troops can be quartered otherwise than in barracks, in case barracks have been provided fufficient for the quartering of all the officers and soldiers within any town, townlhip, city, diftrid, or place, within his Majesty’s dominions in North-America i and whereas it may frequently happen, from the situation of such barracks, that,'if troops (hould be quartered therein, they would not be ttationed where their presence be ne-- ceffary and required : Be it therefore enacted by the king’s most excellent Majesty,. by and with advice and conlenc of the -Lords <piri : tual athd temporal, aftd commons, in this pre sent parliament assembled, and by the autho rity of the fame, tli at, in such cafes* it (hall and may be lawful for the ptrfons who now are, or may be hereafter, authdnfed -by law;. in any of the provinces within his Majesty’s • dominions in Nortb-America, and they are here by rdpeftivdy authorifed, impowcred, and direfted, on the requisition of the officer who,. fbr the time being* has the command of his Majesty’s forces in Nertb-Amtrica, to caitfe any officers or soldiers in his Majesty’s service to be quartered and billetted in such manner as is now direfted by law, where no barracks arc provided by the colonies. And be it further enafted by the authority aforefaid, that if it fhali happen at any time that any officers or soldiers in his Majesty’s ser vice fhali remain within any of the said colo nies without quarters, for the space of twenty four hours after such quarters mall have been demanded, it fhali and may be lawful for the Governor of the province to order and direst such and so many uninhabited houses, out houses, barns, or other as he (hall think necessary to be taken, (making a rcifon able allowance for the fame,)and made fit for the reception of such officers and soldiers and to put and quarter such officers and soldiers there in, for such time as he ihall chink proper. And be it further enafted by the authority aforefaid, that this aft, and every thing herein contained, fhali continue and be in force, in all his Majesty’s dominions in North America, un til the twenty-fourth day of March, one thou sand seven hundred'and firveuty-fix. Mr. Dowdefwell’s Speech at the loft reading of the Kofon Port Bill, not before fublijhed here. HE said, he rose to give his difftntto pas sing the bill into a law; that he had not the least degree of timidity in riling to oppose it; that he always thought the proposition totally unjust and unfair. By the bill, a person is to understand, that the commerce of all his Majes ty’s fubjefts is interrupted. I cannot give my affentto ir,untill I hear the complaints from the different manufacturers of iron, leather, wool, &c. and the merchants of this country, which complaints, I imagine, that the hurry of puf fing this bill totally prevents. It is not, that any other goods are interrupted in the port of Boston but those which are charged with a duty from hence. Look to the consequences, of this bill t you are contending for a matter which the Bostonians will not give up quietly. I re member whin it was held as a daftrine in this house, by persons of great and extensive know ledge, that we had no right to tax America. There is now no such opinion; thequeftion was then, “ whether with the profits we recalved from all our manufaftures exported henoe, it would be a wife measure to tax’Amexica.” What is the reafoa, fays, he, that you single out Boston fw your particular refentnient I Have there been no other towns in America which have disobeyed your orders I Has not Philadelphia; New-York, and several other provinces font back their tea ? Has not the Eat India company fuffered nearly as much damage from the tea being fend back, as indeed where they have landed it I Charleftown is the only place where they have fuffered the tea to be landed ; and what have they done ? they have put it into a damp cellar, and the whole is be come rotten and ufelds. You find yourselves much at a loss about this bill, and are much hurt, because the innocent are likely to be in volved in the fame punishment with die guilty. You are now going to censure them, in the fame manner as was done in the case of Edinburgh and Glasgow, where the people at large were to fuffer for the negleft of their nbagiftrate. There is a great difference between die magis trates of Edinburgh and those of Boston ; those at Edinburgh are chosen by the people, those at Boston are not; they are appointed by the council, and the council are elefted by the pro vince at large. You are going to appoint a new Port, where there are neither. Efficient wharfs, quays, or warehouses, for carrying on bufinefe. You hereby punifti the British mer chants much more severely than the people of Boston.—- - .. —. -All chat you have affefted, is co carry ywur mer chandize seven teen miles farther from the town of Boston, so that the Bostonians (hall be at an additional expence in conveying thqir mer chandize irom the port of Salem by land. You a(k why the Americans don’t pay their debts ; if you stop the exports, you will of course stop the payment of those debts.' Now Sir,lfiiys he, let us coafider how this bill is founded upon principles of justice ; if parliament continually passes bills, feme times to punifti the porjone at other times the placu, you will, by and by, have your hands fully employed ; you Will soon inflame all America, and itir up a contention you will not be able co pacify and quiet. The passing this bill in a week or so docs not give time to the injured persons in America to peti don this houie for redrefi. I rejoice that you have at least had one petition from the natives off America rcfiding in this country ; the lan guage of chat petition bears the face of a well wrote, unanswerable argument; it is no com mon petition, it is the strong aud pathetic lan guage that tells their own feeling, and those of their fellow fubjefts in America. I wife to hear Ipme arguments offered by any gentleman in this houie, against what is contained in it, fbr it will be said both here and in America, that such reasons and arguments deierv; an anfwc; M O N, A ?A Y, AugulF it. * B O S T o N. s . ■ - ■ Wc hear that his Excellency Governor Caje [ desired the attendance of the St fedmen of tb M town at the Province House on Saturday last, when he informed of that clause in the late ad of parliament forbidding town-metings without fpycial leave of the Governor, and , gave the fame to them to read, which being done, his Excellency told them he was ready* on application to give liberty for a town’s-met ing if he should judge it expedient; and being tOid that the Province law had been the rule of iheir conduit in those matters, he said he was determined to carry the aftaof parliament' into execution, and they mutt be anfwcrable for any bad consequences. Some days before the departure of the com rnittee for die congress. Mr. Bowdain sent them a letter acquainting them,that he h|d had hopes of proceeding with them to the Congress, but Mrs. Bowdoin’s ill state of health, oocafioned by a long continued flow fever, hcceffitated him to lay afideall thoughts Of it. Thursday last the Delegates from the Pro vince of New-Hamp(hire, passed thro* this town on their way to Phihdc^hia.j——They were escorted from their feats at Exeter and Durham, as far as their province line, byieo Gentlemen, where they took leave of them. ’ Saturday last 376 ftieep were received from our fympathifing brethren of Lebanon, in the colonv of Conneffieut, as a donation for the benefit of the industrious poor in that town; The Oration delivered, the sth of Match l«ft> by the Hon. John Han cock, Efe; is published at full length in the London Even ing-Post, of the 26th of May, 1774. DIED.] Mrs. Le Baron, wife of Mr. Le Baron, Hatter.—Mrs. Cowdry, widow.. New-Poar, August 8. We areaffored that Capt. William Bull, in a (loop from this place, bu t last from the Weft-Indies, is arrived at Wil mington, North Carolina, and that the inhabi tants of that place have bought his veflH, and are loading her with provision tor the support of the town of Boston ; which ought to be supported as the expence of the last mite, and even the last drop of bJood in North-America, for their noble (land oppression and tyranny of a miferabje corrupt, debauched aud almoil bankrupt adminlftration, compared frith whom a common highway robber is.almoft a fein t Salem, Augtflg, Yellerday two Waggon.% containing fix Hogftieads of French Brandy, were seized by the officers of his Majesty’s Cuf. toms, on their way from Manchester toßofton. Balti Moa a, ( Maryland, J 16. A veifel, we here, hath failfri from the Eaf tern-ffiore of this province, with a cargo of pro visions as a free gift to our tfefieged brethren ac Boston. The inhabitants of all the counties of Vir ginia and Maryland, are fubferibing w uh great hberafity for the relief of the diftrefled towns oh Boston and Charleftown. The inhabitants of Alexandria, we here, in few hours, 350 1. for that noble purpose. Subscriptions are opened in this tow'** for the support and animation of the inhabitants of Bolton, under their present great conflict for the common freedom of us all, which have alm J y been so fuccefsful, that a vessel is now trading with proyifions for that place, as a teftimpnyof the affection of this people towards their perfe cutcd brethren, now bravely contending again it ‘fraud, power, and the molt odious oppreffion,’ ’which God grant may never rife triumphant over * right, justice, social happinefr and free dom.* Halifax, July *6. On Thursday ihe 7th inftanc, arrived here the (loop Molly, Capt. Odiorn, from Hfcata qua, having on board 27 chefe of Bon|a tea, which was cofign’d to Edward Parry, qf that place, the property of the East India company, and by him ihip’d «ud confign’d to G. H. f Monk, clerk of the supreme court here, to be by him disposed of to the inhabitants of this province, which confjgnment, thfe said Monk moll readily accepted, and with the aid and as sistance of James Crayton, of this tbwn, truck man, fecurcd the laid 27 chests of tea in a store , belonging to Robert Campbell, who as readilv ’ let it for that purpose, in oppofidon to several principal merchants, who had prior applicati on for their (lores, but had nobly refuted.-—; However notwithilanding the laid odious weed has been imported and landed here, to the griefr * and distress of many of the inhabitants thereof, jmd which was filtered only trough tftter in ability to prevent it; it is die abfofute and de clared determinationpfe great number ofre fpedable and popular merchants, traders and inhabitants of this town, not* on any account whatever, to putehafe any of the said tea them selves, but forever to refrain from all and every kind of dealing and commerce with any person whatever who may be bate enough to prefer their private interest to the public welfare, and the liberty of the present and fuccceding gene rations, by purchasing any of the detested tea. We sincerely wifti our American Brethren success in their glorious ftrugglea to prcfcrvc their rights and liberies. Z| ACHEUS MOLTON having loft what little Substance he had by the late Fire, and having experienced the Benevolence of many Persons, in affording him and Family Relief, thereby laying him under many and great Obligations ; but not having it in his Power co make his peribnal Acknowledgments to them, takes this Opportunity of returning his sincere Thanks for their Kindnds.