Newspaper Page Text
TUESDAY, October 2s.
BOSTON. • arrived at the Ship Friendjbip, Capt. Tyler, from Brtflol; by him aee have received the Bristol News-Papers to the bth cj September, which contain London articles to the tjt of September ; wt have file did the follow- Warsaw, (Capital f Poland) July 27. W~ ' Rta COURIER who arrived here last Sunday ha* brought the journal of the Ruffian army, and letter from JJO»| Field Marshal Count de Romanzow, «n which that General announces, \ME3cBMh2V that the army of the Grand Vizir is blocked up near Szumla, and has no tnrthicr communication with Ad rianople ; that in confluence, the Grand Vizir had sent to him co propose a new congress, or a suspension of arms ; but that having retufed b th the •ne and the other, he had demanded the immediate con cluliona of * Peace on the conditions which he himlelf had propof.d,or he would continue his operations. As Siiiftria is on the point of capitulating, it fhouid item that a I race mult foor. take place. Yesterday an exprefc was sent to Vienna with this inteiiiger.ee. . PzTMimfl.pUW July 12. Thelaftadv.ces Irom Marffia) Romanzow brought an account of the operations of the Ruffian army. Soon after the paffageot the Danube the corps under the Generals Kameniky and Suwotow, at tacked the body of troops under the command of thf Reis Effendi, amounting to 4c,c00 men, which having made no manner of rr lift, nee, was inftantfy routed : Ihe whole Turkish camp was taken, together with 32 pieces ot bruf* Cannon : Very few men were killed on either fide. A ftpaiatc party of ths Turks having attacked Count Soltikow, were repulled, and 2sco 1 urks left dead in the field. Her Imperial Majesty has made Marlhal Romanzow a present of fix pieces of the cannon which were taken from the Turks. Vienna, ('Germany) July 16. Weare affuyed, that the Turks never before shewed so much intrepidity as in the udiun betwren them and the Ruffians, on the 20th of last month. It continued for four hours, in the midfl of a wood, except the last attack, which was on a plain. The Turks returned four times ta the charge, and would cer tainly have cot in pieces a whole regiment of infantry, if two (quadrons of Buflau, had not opportunely come to their Mliftance, and attacked the Turks in flank : As it wa., numbers of Ruffians were killed. Since this affair, the light troops of Prince K.merifki have extended themfdves towards Schumla and Warna. The communi cation between Siiiftria and Warna, is already cut off. CokstantinuPLE, (Turley) July 4. The melan choly news received from the army hus fpiead a general confternaiion here. Dageftanii Ali ard Tcherkas Mehemet Bilhiw, have been attacked and beaten by a body of 12000 Ruffiins. The Grand Vizir was no fou«er informed of this check, thm he sent them a reintaicement of 70,000 men, commanded by Abdoeieelak, Reis Eitendi, and the Aja of the Jauifl'arias, who fell on the enemy with great bravery the 23d of June, near Cofbudsj’, on the fide of Bizarffchik ; the body of Arnouts diffinguifhed ilfilf great* Is, but the cavalry having fled, the rest were defeated with cunfiderablc loft. Vjfnna, (Germany) July 27. A Ruffian Colonel of fojt jnlt arrived here, and a giard of fifty horfcrr.cu, with advice fr >m Field Marlhal Count de Romanz.w, to the Ruffian Minifies here, that the Ruffian grand army ha* ac frally opened the trenches, and begun the fle,.e of Siiiftria a • ; w’.i-h it is gen' rallv imigircd wJI hold out a cun- fi.i rrlilc tin.c, Mthe fe-n licitions have Le< n lately much ftrengtheneft and repshed, and several new ferts and bullions built- Within fide the walls are ij,oco troops, regulars and ill well dtfciplined, under the comn and of Aciunet Benedid, the ‘ferafqnier of Siiiftria (who is newly appointed Gowinnr of Widden) betides upwards of 8000 Tartars ; the gwObn is well fiippiied with pravlflons, ammunition, a.i Mit res, and has an open communication with the coun try towaids the road of St. Sophia, by which rcii foicemcnts may be conftaotly thrown in. This opening Count Ru manzow is using his utmoftendeavour* to ihut up but as yet without effrA. The Colonel ha* this day set off on the procedure of his putney to Peteriburg, and takes with him the papeis which were found in the Turkifii vommander’* camp, on the late victory gained by tne Ruffian*, near Siiiftria. j Warsaw, (Capital of Poland] August 3. A Ruffian' officer is arrival tare a* courier from geneial Romanzow, w ith the important news of peace between Russia and the being concluded to the great adsautagc of the lounet. This mod g’orious peace, ever concluded by the Ruffians, was ftgned the 21st of July at Kout Choucc Kr.inardzi, neat Siiiftria, by Prince Rcomin, axd the Tuikiih Pleni potentiariee, Niflangi Refni, Athmet Effendi, ai.d Ibra him Miconib Rei* Effendi; and afterwards ratified by the F eH-Ma Ihal count Romanzow, and the Grand Vizii. The treaty contains 28 articles, but the following molt material ones are all that are at present known. I. The abfulutc iitdeyrndence of Crimea, and that their Chain ihdl for the future have no fuithcr duties to render tire Grand SigiJor than such as arc due to him as the su preme Cslef of the Mahometan religion. 2. Russia ffiall have a free navigation and trade in the BD-k Sea, and in ail the harbours, rivers, and ports of the Tutkifh empire. The fortreffis of Afeph, Jenekale, Kertifch and Kir.burn, with their riithifts and a trad of land between the risers Eog and Dnieper, (hull belong to Russia. 4. Russia ffiill have the liberty of building new fortref f;s, and repairing the oid ones as they think fit. C. "he Forth ffiall always give the leigmng fbvereign of P ullia the tide of Pad.fduh, that w, emperor of all the R-iliai. 6. Raffia returns all her conquers, stipulating cert-in prerogatives and privileges for the inhabitants of the pio vinces and Ifiands rdiored, which put* them in security. And 7. The Porte engages to pay Russia a larje sum of money, r.ot less than 48 millions, nor mew than 70 mil li na of Pinters, to defray she expences that empire has been at during the war, and to give them all the artillery they have in their atrny. The deplorable tituatsun tn which she grand Vizir was reduced b; the v : f J manamwra of the F eld Marsha) count Rornansow, was the caul.- of this great event The Mar /hal having firfi lent about jo.cco of hisuwn men over the Danube, pitied it hinffilf without any cbtiacle fiem the gianrl Visit* He then kept biliilr.a in awe with t. corps undei maj« general Liny d, (an Engl.flsrr.an) and Ruzug wnj» am-ther division, under general SaltikoW, who at the ' tame time cut of ihc couanruiusauon between the grand V'zir, together with the grand Turkdh Jimy, and their ni rgazinn; and intercepted ail their provTions. He pla ced general Kamenti In an advanced position, to flop any luccours that might come to their relief. An Ottoman corps, with jeo waggons from Adrianople, cfcoited by 28,000 men, was coming for that puipoie, but wa, beaten bv general Kamenflci and all the waggons taken ; an ac cent of which being brought to the TuririA camp, the grand Vizir f und his army ready to mutiny for war t of ptuvUion, and that he could not give bat de in that position without mimtktUy expoting himlelf to a defeat; therefore after attempnng, to no ourpofe, the renewal of negotiati ons, and the recozrunending of a Congress, was obliged, on the 21st of July, to fijn the conditions which the Ruffians * i, and which are nearly the fame as they tecuired . cf Evczaai and Bucharest, in 1772 and dern univcrfal table of ccins, a piaftre is vain- 1 ed at 3*. 7J. 'At Hthe Turk* as w* pay tA< Rufiuni only toity millions ol piaibct, that wi.l make a fiim of near leven millions tlcffing. The articles do not mention when the money Is to be paid; but probably it will be by inftalmems. . Paris, yluvull 15. Some letters fiom Mauiid men tion, that diffiiences have arisen between the court and Fortugal regarding the limits of Paraquay and Bra hi, and fume iraud* which have been commits J theie, and theU differences went so far as that tlic Spaniards, with the lota of ioO men, have taken a Portuguele tort. CoNSTANTiNortt, ('lurkey) July 18. Ihrce French officers, a Polith Nobleman, and a French feijeant, who went lately with a fra n of artillery to the army of the G.and V.zir, returned here a few days ago, Ihry laid it was iir.poiiiblc to form an idea ot the terror which has icizr the Tuikdh troops, who,* imagining they could not make head again It the enemy, arc plundering the country thr< ■ I which they pals, and murdering the inhabitants. i b e * r servants and furgeoris mtt with the lame fate,and thcmlclves were in gi Mt danger. All the artillery cast by Chevalier Tott, except three pieces of cannon, fe.l into the hand* or the Ruffians. The army of the G-.and Vizir, Which was competed of 207,000 men, is now teduccd to about 40,00 by defeats and defection. The twenty fccond of last month, a dreadful fire broke out here, which burnt eleven hours. Upwaids of ioco houses and /hops were reduced to affies. Every day adds to the misery of the inhabitants of this capital. Ratisboh, (Germany) Aug’ift 9. Some differences have arilen in the Diet between tne Courts ot Vienna and Hanover The Auftiian Envoy at the Diet complains that the Hanoveiian Minillry had extremely molelted the Impe rial Coort, by making .eagues and fadlions amon< the States of the Empire in order to oppole the view* of that Court ; and he declined that the Emperor was relulveJ henceforth to behave towards the Court of Hanover in the fame manner it has behaved towards him. BruiN, (Prujfta) Augujt 16. Letters from Petertbourg advise, that the reoel Pugatlchew, after gaining several ad vantages over the Imperial tro ps, had advanced as far as Cafan. The whole 'of the treaty between the Turks and Ruffians is not expt-dlcd to i>e msde public ’till it has been ratified by rhe two Powers; which mull be feme lime, on account of the gicat diftancc between Peterffiourg and Constantinople. Modena, (Italy) Augujl 8. On Thursday last died, at the palace of Rivalta, her Serene Highness Elizabeth- Emeitine d’Efte, Princcls of Modena, in the 34th year of her age. Paris, (France) 19. It is given out, that War is declared between Spain and Portugal ; moieover, that the King of Sweden’s journey to Peterlburgh is poll poned, only because Sweden appears threatened with an at tack from Russia and Denmaik. LONDON, Auc us t 16, 1774* TH E Venetians by fon.e late accounts from 1 aly, are said to be under alarms at the high rebelling ambiti on of a neighbour, who as they apprehended, ha* only lain by in order to recover flrength to ilrike an equally bold and formidable blow. His Majesty has appointed the Earl of Cavan to he Co lonel of the 55th regiment, late Ganfel’s; and Colonel Baugh to futcced the former in xhe ill icgiment ot foot guards. We are affurcJ, that acco.ding to the late proposals made to Government lor rendering tlic iHands or the Oikneys more ufeful to the empire of Great-Biitain, by making ■the 1 the center of the herring, white, and whale-sish 1 riez : Loro North and the heads of adminiftntion, have detei mined upon a plan for improving those lands greatly to the advantage of the moth r country. it is an undoubted tail, that a courier arrived this morn ing at St. James’s, with an account of a Peace being ligned between the Turks and the Rufliana ; wherein llr has totally complied with the terms the latter. Furmcr particulars aie hourly expected. They write from Ma. rais, that Heyder Ali is agAlA' the head ot a flying camp ot 1:1,000 men, by which Company'* foice* a>e greatly a aimed. It is confidently said, that hi* Royal H.ghneffi the D®ke of Cumberland m ends parin g the ensuing winter, with hrs Duchcfs, in Laly. War-Office, 4- Coldftreain regiment foot guard;, Lord Doug aft, Enlign. Royals, lint ba tahon. M jtaT. Frafirr, Licuieoant-Colonel, Ditto, ic.ond batiailinu Lieutenant John Cochran, Captain. 2d regiment foot, Lieutenant-Colonel Them*. Oiwald, from half-pay, Lieu tenant Colonel.—36th tcgin.cnt foot, Thomas Baker, F sign. 39th regiment foot, Enlign Thon.as William Winter, Lieutenant. John Gordon, Ensign. 48th regi ment foot, Ensign Daniel Coleman, Lkutenani—-—Fcn ten, Ensign. 70th regiment foot, at ter Mailer, George William! n, Ensign: WtlUiam Huuhrnkn, late Sergeant- Major, Quartet-Mailer. Aiguji 17. It is laid that Sir George Howard will soon be a, p. inted governor to one of the principal colonic* in North America. Ycfte.day arrived a mail from New-Y«rk, wh'ch brings a lung detail of the procecdirigs of a numeious meeting ot the inhabitants of that city, in which they have taken ihe refutation of fending deputies to a general Congids of tne colonies to be held at Philadelphia, to agree to a non im portation from Great-Britai , untill the ad for blocking up the port of B ofton be repealed. Auguji 18. Letters bona Cnaiies-Town, South Caroli na, dated the j-.hofjuly, mention that their refotations are the lame as in the otner colonies to fuppmt the Butio nians. They nave already sent acaigo ot ibto barrels of rice to Salem, for the support of the poor neceffituus inha bitants at Bolton. Some alarming aceounts are said to be received exprels from Boston, which have thrown the ministry into very great confufion, as it was a circumllance they were not at all guarded against. Th* particular* have not as yet tranf pireo; but the I'ubitance is, that number* of ihe fcldiciy, partly from inclination, and partly from effers of lands and fettlemerits from the natives', have gone over to the popu lar fide. It is said that a battalion of the guard* will have orders to hold themfeives in readmels to embark for Borlon on the Ihsrteft notice. A private letter from Boston, by the DR mail mentions, that the inhabitants of Borton will not permit any naval officer to come on shore with his sword on. Advice rs received from Jamaica, that Sir George Brid ges Rodney had dispatched a man of war and atchooner 10 the Hava: na to defirc the governor to deliver up ali the Lnjlifh Ihip-wrights, artificers, &c. employed there, which requelt was net only absolutely refuted, but the man of war was ordered to qutt the piace immediately. /iugt'ft 20. It 1* plain by the Quebec bill, thztthePro teftant religion is aot so much as tolerated now in Canada ; it is left to future conlkteration, and it is believed to a ve ry fate day; a* the French ministers, and their flecks of Protestants, to the number of tame thousands, are flying away to our adjacent colonies, from perfection, and per haps torture. It is said, and we hope with truth, that a public sub scription will be taon opened in this metropolis tor thedif trefled inhabitants of Borlon, now fullering in the common cause us liberty, and gr evoufly opprefled by the hand of power. Orders were on Thursday sent off from the war-office to Ireland, to difebarge the tranfport* which were taken up at Cuk and Kinfale on government account, a flop being put to the cmbaikation of troops from that kingdom. Auguf 23. A private letter from Rofton assures us, that upward* of 300 of the troo; s are deserted from those that are encamped on the common, who have met with the greatdt encouragement from the traders in the interior par tt of the country, where they are now fettled; and it is ad ded, that others are deferring every day. it a pttit on an 4 KrnonJrsAce sh uid '• *gre*i <>n by the provinces m America, as mull peuun* think will l< the uide, it is expetted to arrive against the meeting ot the par lui.nent, and will prubauiy take as much time in dillcuf ling as the ad* drat have cause .u a, took in iiam ing and parli.. b . ulugoji 25. It appears by intelligence communicated in litters brought b ; the Bndgewaret, that die Spauiflr Gu ternorof the Manillas has lent a peremprory mrliagc to Mr. Hario d, Guvemorol iheEngirih Lall-lndia cumpany's new feidemenc at Baiamb<u ci, that il h< 00c* nut unme d aiely, on receipt of that notice retire with ad ihe Engliih, who are with him on diac iflind, he flail, acvu.d ag to the inflruCti-jn* of his Court, fend a fuffickm iwee to bring him away, and delhoy all luch wurk* and tbrt.fi.atkns as Iha’l have been erected, it is presumed that Mi. Har ford will not conrorm to this requifitiun, ai d that in all probability the Spaniard will carry hit threats into execution; in which case the whole ut this tranUtl'.on will cxtnineiy resemble what happened at Falkland's llbnd ; the Court ot Spain having, prevrou. to the eftabliihm. nt ot this fettie ment, made the tirongeff remonftrsnees to ourMmiftiy against that meefure, which cccalior.ed a delay of ca tying the design into execution for a curdrue: able time. L nw, be easily concluded, that this intelligence add* greatly to the einbarr-ifimcHt of Auminiftrat on here, who had before a fufiicient load of perplexing atf.iirs < n their han is. In the letters brought by the Bridgewater it appears, that they were under great appiehenfions at MadraU that the Mahrattoes would enter the Carnatic. In confcqucnce of this, the principal part of the troops had gene up Ure coun try to watch their motions; and being much harr .tftd with the march and heat of the climate in that part, it is feared that they will (uffer a very great lots. A letter from BUlun contains the f.Jloviing intelligence : “ The campain i* now opened here, but the war has ta..en an unexpected turn to what General Gage tacked tot. He was sent over to us to make war against our charters with the great gun* of Britilh ads of priiament, and began the attacks accordingly, iecondcd by piociamauoxis. Gui ha ders make a double defence, the one openly, by the foiemn league and covenant to maintain a non-imporuitan and ex portation agreement ; the other lecretly, the moll alaiming -to him, which is to buy oft' his troop*. This last prove* vety luccefsful; fur they leave him eveiy day in great num bets ; so t rat in a fliurt tune he will have tew bchavs the officers to command. By this time wc exped he has made a demand of irelh fuppliea, except, indeed, rikv otner offi cers, he means to pocket the pay of thufe deserted men, whom he dare not pursue into the country where many ot them are well fettled on good plantation, and coinfoiUbly enjoying themfeives in peace and security, after their fati guing voyage." The Thunderer and Warfpite men of war, of 70 guns each, at Purtfmouth, are oidered to be fitted to fail with the other thips fur the Weit-lndics ; the fleet will then cunful of fix ihips of the line and two frigates, which are far the Jamaica ftaticn, and with the four fliip- now there, will niZKe a m re relpedtable squadron than ha* been there since the last war. The last private letters from Salem, affine us, that Gene ral Gage’s ridiculous proclamatron was treated with the utmost contempt, torn in pieces, and burnt ; none of the rherlffs of civil offiters would execute it ; and iuftcad of obeying h ; m, the people of all ages and sexes crowded to their plates of worihip, and ligned the foiemn league and covenant at the comrnun on tables. It was pro arii td foku. A gentleman just arrived from South-Carolina declared in the lung room, custom-house, on Thuriday, that he left that country after feventera year, residence, inreieeing the tl.e dreadful confequcnce. of the operation of rhe Bofion pcit bill. Hu fay, the American* will never yield, but that individuals among them mult certainly lunt' every mcon v nieiicc of poverty and o>ftrek> beioie the community at be able 10 ca ry its point. Hr Tays farther, that he tam: would have iert the country in which he acquired 4 r f,r .mA but that he could not fear ihc flight of thuie ca- IdThliK ihich hrknoA* n>uil ensue. * just arrived from a Northern county fays, jSwrne price ul a pair us gloves is five guineas, anu that bu.icr and eggs are three thoufmd per cent, dearer than usual. [ Min JI ..rial bribery tt obtain membirt of pa> liamtnt. Mefienger* were on Saturday d.fpatchcd to the country lea’s of several noblemen in different parts of the country, • c ju r ng their attendance in town to be present at a grand council which is to be held this week. i d -<*• We hear exprels orders have been sent over tc the Commander in Chief, to j revent '.he American Congrek, at ail events. It is said the Parliament will meet pursuant to their Lft adjournment, and fit a lew weeks on account of Ame kan affairs. The deliberations of the American General Congref, are imj a ieztL w fried for, and wi’h more attention, by France and Dpain than even those of the British parliament have been fur feme years past. They have already their agents and fpiet in the colonies. The affair, of America will soon wear a better afpeft, the Court being determined to withdraw theit pretenhuns against them. '1 he coolness between our Court and that of Vienna, atifes from the coidial reception the Chevalier de St. George, or Prince Charles Stuart, Iras lately received fiom the Lmperor of Germany, and hi* brother the Duke of Tuscany, at whufe Court he is now upon,a visit, and created with all rhe honours usually conferred on a crowned Lead. A letter from Warlaw, da.ed August 12, fays, “ We have no other account from the Ruffian army than that th« Grand Vizir is still blocked up, and will continue so to be till the ratification of the Peace by the fukan is arrived from Constantinople. Orders are sent to all the sea ports to prevent any seamen of Great-Bricain entering into any foreign service. This morning, about tour o'clock, two houses fell down, oppofne the Duke’s-hcad, Mint-ftuet, in tlx Borough, and a number of people were buried in the ruins, fifteen of whom have been since taken out dead, fom sent to St. Thomas', holpkal, much hurt, and nine taken out without receiving much injury, one of whom was a woman flu advanced in her pregnar.cy. £jctracl f a letter from A'rw-Tcri, July 3. “ From the unanimity of principle I have generally re marked, I inuft think the Mini iter has piecipaated bimfeif into measures not likely to be soon eiKded. That a gv neralnon-import and export agreement will take place is Out little doubted ; the Southern colonies are to the last degree warm. Lord Dunmore, after diflL-lving the afiembiy of has been obliged to call them immediately toge ther again, to take into consideration, the hostile designs of the Ohio Indians. The Pennfylvannia afiembly is fum nroned for the lame purpose; but it is fuppufed they will firft enter on political matters. No overture, have yet been made to Governor Gage by the people of Boston with regard to acceding to the Mmiftcr’s views.’’ rfaguft 27. We hear that the last resolution in tne cabinet relative to the Boßonians was as fol'ows—Te use coneiliating measures fir the present— the parliament together early this winter, and prevail upon them to pass an act empowering a committee of twelve, (of whom G. Gage is to be president) to forfeit the lands and properties, of all those refrafitry spirits who sign conventions,nr in Ms other way disturb tire public tranquillity —This immediate attack upon private property, with a power of devolving it on others, is thought the most aired Rheme of bringing them to obedience. There is a bustle among the great not usual at this* time of the year ; most people think concerning the slate of a fairs in America ; but others ailert the continent of Europe ' affords matter which takes up no fmail flare of their ar ten- ' tion. It is averted that two American Governors (from whose honour and veracity great expeditions are formed) are or- j cl* ed home, in order that the ministry may have certain de munftraiion* of the real dilpolition of our coloaiftt.. Tire At'.xri an* pretend, that they ate about to enrei riito uun-impx.tatunr agreement*. Lut u is an inconteftitac Uuih, that, tney io>c at tha tmlant s.sun urlers tai live times more good* than the Engliih wrote uu trail them with. Their view jrofi ft to get as far it, deni as they can ; and then, prccenHtag ihat ti'.'y cannot pay, unlds their demand* are complied wi;h, to ro.le a muimor among ihe Engliih mere ants Ind marrof.dlurer*. In the next place, when they have imported vast quan.ilie*, and lifted their own waienoufes, they will be tiMmrngjM.tro.ic atrouMtio.u n>i to importArcady way to clinch them- Lives, by not paying tor what they buy, and rainng'the prxe ol what they fell. (Aa.r. jhru)l ! j 29. By ict> Ci * from Portland, about l 8 leagues fiout Forti'muuth, vve'are informed that the bwan (loop of war is arrived there from Cnlton, with an expul-, co ta n ing tame bufineft of great impoita.icc, which wa* t .warded to London immediately. Siuguji 30. A few days ago Lord Mansfield fat out fi r Paris, l ais Hep seems cxt'.ivruiußiy. But the friends of the Minubyiay, tlra: Lord drotniu...:cccp.ag only very low c mpany at Par s, Ira. Ic. uioned the Frcncn Court-to beat him very cu d<,, aud rfat Luid Maosfield is gone to h.m brttrr. May be 1-. Eut a mcliage, which the Lm peror carded his Ambalra.or here, to cei ver a few d.*ys Ictm. to jut a direstcoaqlexiun upon it. The Ambxt fador demanded an auaiencc, *twheh, it is laid, hecxpielitd h millt to thfi effect : If the King i'€> lat-Lmxn ai. w<4 me language is cly held by ta* euxt aal Mi .itta, t.c uiuit expert the Emperor to cppu.e iiim, ia every liep Le t< K in the empire, it wasalkcu 10 hare this ui. liage in witting; but the Ambaffadur did not chufe to comply with mat requelt. jlugiji je. It is said that Tuesday the 15th of Novem ber, is tne day fixed for t .c meeting or p uhanient. Exprviles are a most continually puffing beiwe n Lord Stoimm and the M>niit-y at liume, relative to i. e difigne forming bj Ivrne foreign Power, wi.reh iurobuuc on.uiL .iu.es to the repule of Euruj r. n geniicman who arrived yesterday from 1 rar.ee fays, that it wa* strongly reported at Pa..*, that the Et'gi.di AmLau dor was going to leave that city, anu return hunx.ui atwo-nt of tame ill-trcauncnt that Lu i.a, met with at th-c Cou.c several times, when die greater! reipcCt was paid to other foreign AmbalLdois. We hear that orders have been sent to fume of the Ame rican Gove, nars, tofeize tome of the Leaae.s who promote the meetings of the people in large bodic*, and it oppofed* to use force. It it said, that the desertion amongst the troops at Boston, daily enervate*. Private advices from America, mention, that more than three hundred of the foMien have quiucd their relpedive regiments. An Evening Paper of Saturday fays, that the Island of Candia is ceded by the Emprels of Russia 10 Great-Britain* according to treaty. it writ be of the utniuft uonlcquence to the Levant trade, and a In.aL force will be enough ca keep it in the hands of the Bnolh nation. 1 hey write fiom Gibraltar ot the letond instant, that his Majeity’s armed sloop, Fe.ret, was just arrives l.om Algiers, where fire put in, but wa* immediately ordered out b* the Dey ; (Ley law leveraf strong rampail, b-.ld.ng towards U.e sea, and that an incredible number ot Haves were cmpL ycd on them. Ycfterday an express arrived from Hagley, with an ac count ts the death of Lord Littleton. It ts said he dxu in an apopkAic fit, as he was walking in hi* garden. Auguji 31. Yesterday upward* of 700 letters from Phi.adelpSia andd-fferent parts of America,were delivered at the poft-office. ■; Extraii of a letter from tie Hague, August 26. “ it is reported here that war is declared between Spain and Portugal, and that in confcquence of a former treaty the court of Madrid has demanded of Verfailies a corp* of 30,000 men. If thia new* is confirmed, England niuft assist Portugal, her old friend and ally. “ A treaty is reported to be on foot between the courts of Turin and Verfaißes, by virtue </ which his most chrif tian Majesty is to cede Corsica to the k ng oi . . rdmia, ic ferving, however, the privilege of free entrance for ali French feips into the dlffi rent ports of the ifiand, and an uninterrupted trade. Thiz treaty is said to be far advanced, and even that the formal ceffinn of Corsica will bt made be fore Chiiftma* next; but w< muff wait further confirmati on of this account bes re it can be intireiy credited, parti cularly as nothing is yet talked of, as an equivalent from Saidinia to France for the cession.” Extract if a lettir from Ka Jr id, August 6. " Ihe fjrtn.dablc preparations now making in our sea ports, and the great number of land fortes railed, and m-ni* ly embaiked for the East and Weft-Indies, certainly indi cate that a war is not far off; but with what power the rnuft profound politicians ate at a lol* to deciare with cer tainty. According to the comptexion of tilings in the country, it is now believed, that opjiuliuon will have a very Itrong and formidable majority. Government in many Boroughs is said to have conciliated ’ mcalures, and have fettled it with oppofirion to bring in ore m-mber, rather than have the expcrice of a conteiied EleAion. September 1. Yesterday morning early an exprels was re ceived at Sc. Janie*'* from Puris, w inch was thought to be of such importance that it was sent of immediately ca Kew. The seeming Ihew of a difpnte between the Courts of Lilbon und Madrid is looked on merely as a rumour to a muse the other powers of Europe, while tame Ipccious mca furcsare tranfafling which they wilh to keep secret. A fubicription is about to be opened for the relief of the Bostonians. The Lord Mayor, Mr. George Healy, and several othei principal merchants and gentlemen have inti* mated their intentions to become liberal subscribers. It is rem irk tale that the inhabitan • of Maflachufettz- E»y were the only colony who refufed to g ve up their char ter when it was revoked by the arbitrary James the lecond ; the bini/hmcnt of that Prince refeued them from the pun ifliment, which, tuhlslhame, he would have taffi&cd up on them for their principles of liberty. it is reported that a certain great man, who has been often courted of iate to undertake a ihare in the adnnnißia ti<»n of government, hasinfifted on an immediate repeal at the Rc4nn Port-B il, before he will enter into any tegoca ation whatever. It is reported that orders are sent to Ireland for fume of the regiments there to be got in readiness for immeulare embarkation. We ate informed from Cadiz, that open hoffilitiez are ab fota'ely commenced between Spain and Portugal in the old World, as weft as in the New, and that two Ifrs of each nation have had an engagement in light of that prrt, which ended to sue disadvantage ot the Poituguefe, who drew oa much damaged fiom the a&ion. The political balance of Europe seems at present to be ia a very critical situation. France, Spain, Aulhia, Sardi nia, and Sweden, as politicians tell us, are te join agxaft Great-Britain, Russia, and Prussia. The present state of affairs in America, fays a corres pondent, seem to demand the ; mmediate meeting of the parliament, as the fate of shat continent, and the conse quent fate of England, may in a great meaiure depend on their refoives. The fillcrtving paragraph are repied fiom Riviagton's Gan. A rcpeit prevails that a certain afiembly in America (Boston) lately offered their allegiance to the young King ot France, on condition of his taking them under hi* pro teAion, which he, much to his honour, refufed, giving them fee answer, that he had ddiatisfied enough already. . The most Incan, as well as foiemn engagmnts. we are infonned, have within theie few days, been entered into by the Kings ot Great-Britain and France, for the cultivating the utmost poflible between the vsro ctomns during their lives. But it is feared that no en gagements will prevcntaF renchman from perilling his inter est.