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WORCESTER DAILY SPY: PUBLISHED EVERT MORNING AT 813 Main street, (Butman Row,) Worcester, JOHN MILTON EARLE, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. TERMS. The price of THE DAILY SPY is Three Dollars per annum, or Seventy-five Cents perquarter, if paid strictly hi advance. THE MASSACHUSETTS SPY is published weekly at the same Office. in advance, or $2 if not paid in advance. Worcester and Nashua Railroad. Change of Summer Arrangement—commencing ~ August 7th, J 850. TRAINS will run as follow’s : Leave Arrive at Grot on Nashua and Worcester at Junction at Lowell at 6.15 a.m. 8.15 a.m. 9.00 a.m. 1 LOO a.m. 12 30 p.m. 1.45 p.m. 4.10 p.m. 5.35 p.m. 6.15 & 7 p.m. Leave Arrive at Groton Nashua and Lowell Junction, Worcester, 7.30 a.m. 7.20 a.m. 8.15 a.m. 9.45 a.m. 1 1.30 am. 11 30 a.m. 12.30 p.m. 2.00 p.m. 530 p.m. 5.15 p.m. 6.15 p.m. 7.05 p.m. 1 ITCHBURG AND WORCESTER TRAINS. Leave Worcester at 6.45 and 11 a. m., and 4.10 p. in. I eave Fitchburg at 8.15 a.m., and 12.30 and 5.45 p. m. FREIGHT TRAINS run daily each way between Wor cester, Groton Junction, Nashua, Lowell and Fitchburg Al Worcester —the 6.45 a. in train connects with Nor and Wor. St. Bt. train from New York ; Morning, and Midday train of the Bos. and Wor , I’rov. and Wor., Nor. and Wor., and W. R. R., connect with the 11 A.M. and 4.30 P.M. trains from Worcester. At Groton J unction —trains arrive simultaneously at 8.15 A. M., 12 30 and 6 I’. M. from Worcester, Nashua* Boston, Fitchburg, Lowell, West Townsend, and depart simultane ously for the above named places at 8.15 a.m.,12 30 & 6 p.m. At Nashua —Trains arriving from Worcester at 9 A M. and L 45 P. M. connect with upward trains of the Concord and Wilton Rail Roads Those leaving Nashua at 7.30 and 11.30 A. M. connect with downward trains of the Concord and Wilton Railroads. (CPThis road forms the cheapest and most expeditious channel of communication for Freight and Passengers be tween New York City, the southern and southwestern por iions of England (including the line of the Western R. Road), and Lowell, Lawrence, and Portland—Nashua,Man chester, Concord, and all places in the vicinity of the Con eord, Boston, Concord and Montreal, Northern, & Passump •ic R. Roads, and Vt. Central R. Road, upward from White River Junction—Also, to all places on the line of the Fitch burg, Vt and Mass., Cheshire, Sullhan and Vt. Central R. Road from Windsor, and Passumpsic R.R. from White River Junction. (LT Fare from Nashua to New York. §3 and $2 50; from Nashua to Providence $2; from Lowell to Providence $1,75; from Lowell tn New York, $3 and $2 75; from Worcester to Brattleboro’ $2 50, Worcester and Greenfield, $2.25 J. W. STOWELL, Worcester, Aug. 7, 1850. dwtl Supt. Providence and Worcester Railroad. fS v »>-- WINTER ARRANGEMENT— On and after Oct. 7, 1850. TRAINS Leave Worcester at 7 15 and 11 a.m. and 4 p m. Leave Providence at 7.45 and 11.30 a.m. and 3.50 p.m. TRAINS CONNECT at Millville with coaches for Slaters* ville and Nasouville ; at Uxbridge with coaches for Milford and Mendon; At Whitins with coaches for East Douglas and Whitinsville; at Farnmns with coaches for Grafton Cen tre, N. E. Village and Upton; at Worcester with trains of Western R. Ruad and Norwich and W. R. R., and Wore, and Nashua R. R.; At Waterford with trains of Norfolk <’"unty Rnilroa.-] for mid from Bostou« Dedham. A r Passengers by the 7.45 train from Providence can arrive in New York, via New Haven, the same evening. Passengers by the 3.50 P. M. train from Providence can arrive at Springfield and Hartford the same evening. The 11.30 trains connect at Worcester with the Express Train for New York, which leaves Worcester at 4 P.M. The 11 A.M. t rain from Worcester connects at Providence with trains for Poston,Taunton, Fall River, N. Bedford,&c. The 4 P.M. train connects at Providence with the Boston and N Y. Steamboat train for New York. gs Tke 7.45 and 11 A.M. trains do not stop at Hamlet. XT The 3.50 and 4 P. M. trains do not stop at Ashton or Hamlet. ISAAC H SOUTHWICK, Snpt. Sept 25, 1850. dwtf Norwich and Worcester Rail Road. w J W T Arrangement Commencing April 15, 1850. PASSENGER trains. Leave Worcester at 6.00 10.30 a.m. and 4.30 p.m. Arrive at Norwich at 9.00 a.m. 1.30 and 7.30 p.m. Leave Norwich at 6.30 a.m. 12 00 m. and 5.00 p.m. Arrive in Worcester at 9.45 a.m. 3,00 and 8.45 p.m. The 6 a ill. Train from Win. will arrive at Norwich in time to connect with the Line for N. London, Greenport, and N. Y., via Steamer Alice and the Long Island H R. Also for Willimantic, Hartford, N Haven and N. Y., via N. Haren and N. York 11 R. The 10 30 a.m train from Wor. will leave afterthe arrival of the Boston * Worcester, Wor. & Nashua, Western, and INrOVidence H Roads, and arrive at Norwich in time to con nect with the trains for N Loudon, Stonington, Providence, Willimantic, Hartford and N Haven, reaching each of these places the seme day. 1 he 4.30 p.m. train from Wor. will leave after the arrival of the afternoon trains into that place, taking passengers to N Y hy the Evening Line of Steamboats, arriving there ,arly the following morning. The 6.30 a.m. train from Norwich will take passengers ar riving by the Evening Boa's from N Y., and arrive at Wor. hi lime to connect with the Morning Trains of the Boston At Wor., Wor. A Nashua, Western, and Prov. & Wor. RR. The 12 in. train from Norwich leaves after the arrival of tlm trains from N Haven, Hartford, Willimantic. N London, Stonington and Prov., reaching Wor. at 3 p.m., in time to connect with the afternoon trains from that place. The 5 30 p.m. train from Norwich leaves after the arrival of the train from N V., via Greenport and N. London: also from Hartford, N. Haven, mid Willimantic, reaching Wot. « lime for the Evening train to Boston. Passengers taking the 6 a.m train from Wor. can visit , erenuport by Steamer Alice, and return the same Evening STEAM BOAT TRAIN. The Steamboat Train will leave Allyn’s Point every morn m" except Monday, at about 1 o’clock, for Boston direct. Returning, will leave Wor. every Evening except Sunday, t 7.05. FREIGHT TR AINS — leave Worcester at 6( a.m., and Norwich at 91 a.m.—(Daily, Sundays excepted.) (LzExrnMs Freioht leaves Boston at 12 in., arriving in Now York next morning. All Baggage must be delivered to the Baggage Master or other person authorized to receive it before the Passenger tithes his seat in the cars. Baggage will not be taken to include money, merchandize, sor other articles than those of personal use; and when of ligher value than Fifty Dollars, notice must be given of that fact, and an extra price paid, or the Company will not hold Uelf liable beyond that amount. No baggage permitted in the Passenger Cars. No smoking permitted in the Passenger Cars or Depot. Paseetigors must procure Tickets at the Station Ofllcos. JOEL W. WHITE, President April 21 dwtf W. R. R- _ IMPORTANT TO CALIFORNIANS. 17 DLL information relating to passage by Steam * or Wind, including diirerent Hues, times of K-iiling, distances, expenses, baggage, etc.,ls rom innnicated in our new “ Information gratis. Every body is invited to send for one. Address, postage paid, nt the Cnlii'urnia Passenger Agency, No. 179 liio i licay, flew ARNOLD BEI'J LM & CO. BuT Life Insurance done on the Mutual system. Fur the satisfaction of those to whom we are personally unknown, we have permission to refer to the following Members of Congress: Hon. John <)tin, Maine, Bon. Loren P.\S aldo,Conn. “ James Meacham, Vt. Win. 11. Seward,N.Y. “ John P. Halo, N. IL “ Thadeus Stevens, Pa. “ Charles Allen, Maas. “ 8. P. Chaw, Ohio. “ Horace Mann, Mass. “ Nath’) Albertson, la. “ Orin Fowler, Mass. “ Wm. Sprague, Mlah. “ Thomas Corwin, Secretary, U. «. Treaaur)'. New York, Aug 29, IbSO. dw * WANTED? 4 HOWE suitable for two .mall families, In the w*»t A part of the city. I’oMeaslon to be taken a. soon after the first of rtcptrimber a* possible. Hout not to exceed ®3OO •'otuire at thia ofllce. till Worata Chilli Stow. w.>■■■■! u ... RICH SILKS. AT re nnw offering probably the best assortment ’ J Rich Silk Good, ever exhibited in Worcester. Among other new styles are RICH CHAMELION GROS De AFRIQUE; “ do “ “ ARMURE; “ do GLACE “ “ RHINE ; Super PLAIN GROS de AFRIQUE; Splendid Cliamelion SATIN de CHENE ; Handsome wide “ Glace’s at 75 cts ; Chamelioii narrow stripes, Fall Styles at 62‘ cts; Beautiful seed flg’d Gros de Armure ; Brodie and Jacquard flg’d SILKS, in rich colors; O*The above comprises, but a small portion of our im mense and varied stock of Silk Goods. Many of these wi re bought of importers, on the best terms, while many others were imported to our own order, and among these last a lot of Superior English Black Silks, probably the best Silk a Lady can buy for durability, both of lustre and fabric, and warranted by us in all cases, to wear without cutting or breaking. Splendid Black Gros de Paris, Also, imported fur us, being a very beautiful quality, ael* ioni found in this country, unless imported to private order. Also, EXTRA RICH BLACK GRO de ARMURE, one of those rich old fashioned Silks, that will “stand alone’’ and “stand” the most severe wear as well. Heavy India Satins, Another style, like the last, of the old fashioned goods— hick as a board” and twice as durable. Superior Black Satin de Cliincs, Of the best makes and most durable qualities. 3-7 W e believe our assortment of Silk Goods to be far su perior, in style, quality and cheupneM, to any stock ever offered in this city—WE KNOW they were bought at the very lowest prices of any market, and we are satisfied that WE CAN SELL THEM AT AS SMALL A PROFIT, to say the least, as any other establishment, and we are sure that an examination of the Goods will satisfy every pur chaser that it is for their interest to purchase only of HENRY 11. CHAMBERLIN & CO. Oct 2. dw GREAT SALE OF DRY GOODS AT No. 3 Flagg Buildings, opposite Central Hotel, Worcester, BY MARTIN STOWE, WHERE THE BEST BARGAINS CAN BE HAD. HEAD QUARTERS FOR THE BAY STATE SHAWLS. sept!B dw6w FALLOF 1850. r STOCKWELL has just received the Fall Styles J. of Goods for Gentlemen’s wear, and will be happy to lerve those who may please to give him a call. Also, the NEW YORK FASHIONS for the coining season. WANTED, SIX or EIGHT TAILORESS GIRLS,weII acquainted with the business. Two or three Apprentice GIRLS, to learn the trade. L. STOCKWELL. Grafton, Sept 3. dwtf BAY STATU shawls? HAVING just completed my arrangements for the exten sive sale of the BAY STATE MILLS SHAWLS, I would lake an early opportunity to inform the public that I have received a large lot of all their different styles and qual ities and am prepared to sell them at WHOLESALE 01 RETAIL, at AS LOff RATES as they can be purchased of the Manufacturers. MERCHANTS from the country can be supplied at my Store al the Agents’ lowest prices, as my advantages for ob taining them are equal to any of the largest Jobbing Houses in Boston. MARTIN STOWE, No. 3 Flagg Buildings, Aug 29 dwtf opposite Central Hotel. Painted Floor Cloths. WE would call the attention of all persons in want of Floor Oil Cloths lo onr Ui\USUALL¥ LARGE as sortment of SHEET GOODS, which we cut to any size, or shaped rooms, nr Halls, cheap er Than can be bought elsewhere in the State. dw3B B. L. HAROON & Co. PAPER HANGINGS- The best assortment in the State. ABOUT 200 NEW PATTERNS, French mid American PAPER HANGINGS, just received, and for sale at prices varying from 4 cts. to $ 1,50 per Roll. Warranted the CHEAPEST STOCK in the county, by A. J. BROWN 148 Main Street. Worcester, Sept. 11, 1850. dwtf. Hint's Bonnet Hleachcry, NO. 133 MAIN STREET. ££ t \ NEW WAY of Finishins ■/v Bonnets, to look nearly as well 118 New for the Low Price of 25 Cents. NEW BONNETS & RIBBONS, a large assortment are now opening and for sale very low ai April 4. dwtf FLINT’S, 133 Main St. Pure Winter Oil, &c. 1 GALLS. WINTER SPERM, warranted. luVv Bleached Winter Whale. Spring and Fall Sperm. Lard and Neats Foot Oil, AT WHOLESALE OR RETAIL. Together with a general assortment of PAINTS, DYE STUFFS, and Manufacturers Articles, on reasonable terms. E. F. DIXIE, Jan 9 d6twtf3 247 Main Street. Professor Barry’s Tricopherous OR MEDICATED COMPOUND fur the Hair for sale, wholesale or retail, by SPURR & SIBLEY', Sept 13 eod&wtf 140 Main-st., Woreaster. Washing Fluid, ATrARR ANTED superior to any thing of the kind in use, 1V for »al« al cents per gallon by SPURR i SIBLEY, 140 M»in-St., Sept 13 codiwtf Worcester. Eddy’s Refined Lamp Black. THE above constantly on hand and for sale, together with Englisli and American Lamp Black in papers and | )ul k b „ SAMUEL C. WHITE, ’ Washington Square, near Western R. R. Depot. July so eodiwlm GREAT DISCOVERY. CURRIER’S OREGON HAIR OIL. THIS OIL I* prepared by IL C. CURRIER, who la the 1 Ml. Proprietor in the United States, and ia the greatest discovery in the known world lor the growth of Hair, ami warranted. It will cause the hair to grow where it has fallen off, and Is a sure preventative,mid makes itgrow thick,dark and silky. Price * 1 per bottle. The best of references cue he obtained from those who have been benefited In this city. N. B. The money will be paid back, in all cases where tho Oil does uot give satisfaction. Sole Agents for Worcea ter, WM. D. FENNO 4 HON, 166 Main-m. dwtf July 7 White Lead, Linseed Oil. LEWIS’ Pliil ulclphia ami Union Pure White Lead. Dutch Englisli mid Ainericim Linseed Oil, for aide wholusuli and retail al the lowest market prices, hy SAMUEL C. WHITE, 24 Washington Bq., near the Western R. R. Depot. Feb 87, drop wbru WORCE STE R, MO N D AY, OCTO BE R 7, 1 8 50. A CARD. We beg leave to notify our friends and patron?, and the public generally, that having completed the addi tions and alterations in our Store, (of which we gay. notice last Spring), we have moved back to the NEW STORE, where we are prepared to Exhibit the Largest and Best assorted Stock of FOREIGN & DOMESTIC DRY GOODS, lor the retail trade, in the State; together with Feath ers, Hair Mattresses, Painted Floor Cloths, &c. &c. In all the alterations and improvements we have made in our Store, we have had comtantly in mind the com fort and convenience of our customers, and in doing this we have spared no expense to make our store Second to none in the State, and having ac complished this object, we beg to assure our friends mid the public, that every effort of ours will be to make our assortment of goods, and the low prices at which ihey are offered, the chief attraction to our establish ment; and we desire further to say to our numerous patrons and friends, that we feel under many obligations lor the liberal patronage bestowed upon us in years past, and would solicit its continuance and influence - Any person who shall receive ungentlemanly treatment from any Clerk in our employ, will confer a great favor >y reporting the same to either of the firm, B. L. HARDON & Co. ( B. L. llardon, Firm. Z Stephen Sawyer, (Wm. A. Carey. c sl7,dw3m2» B. L. HARDON, & Co. CARPET WARE ROOMS. Sept. 16th, 1850. CARPETS’. CARPETS’! CARPETS!!! We have now on hand the largest and best assorted .tock of TAPESTRY, BRUSSELLS, THREE PLY, SUPERFINE, and EXTRA FINE CAR PETINGS; together with a full and complete assort ment of LOW PRICED all wool Carpetings, Cotton and Wool Venetian Stair and L st Carpetings, Painted Floor Cloths, from 3-4 to 6 yards wide, and from 2s to Ils the yard. Straw Mattings, Rugs, Door Mats, Ma nilla and Rope Mats, Stair Rods, all wool printed Bookings, from one yard to four yards wide, and from 87 1-2 cts. to the yard—Linen Stair Bookings, and every useful article to be found in the largest Car pet establishments in the country, all of which are en lirely new and fresh Goods, embracing a great variety of new and beautiful designs Never before seen in any market. We offer these goods to the public, with the assurance I hat they can and will be sold under any and all cir immstances, lower than the same styles and qualities can lie bought in the County, and as low as they can lie bought in any market in the United States. Persons from all parts of the State, should visit this establish ment before purchasing. All orders promptly.sJisdat io. c517,8w38 B. L. HARDON & Co. ' 200 PIECES MERINOES, >F FRENCH, GERMAN AND ENGLISH MANUFACTURE, JUST RECEIVED, which wo offer for sale at from 2.5 cts. to $1,50 the yard, and warrant them the best goods in ho County at the pricer. 6w38 B. L. HARDON & Co. Damask Towels. We have received, and offer for sale, a full assort ment of Damask Towels, Damask Bordered Hucka buck and Diaper Towels, also a good assortment of Colored Bordered Diapers, and Rich Basket Towel ing. All very choice and desirable Goode. c e 17,6dw38 B. L.HARDON & Co. Gentlemens’ Furnishing Goods. We have now on hand, a full assortment of Gentle men’s Furnishing Goods, among which may be found, Black, White, and Col’d Kid Gloves, Silk Lined Kid Gloves, a choice Article, Buckskin Travelling and Driving Gloves, Black and Fancy Silk Cravats of choice styles and the very best quality. Silk Scarfs, very rich styles—Silk and Linen Pocket Handkfs., Suspenders, Silk, Woolen and Cotton under-shirts an Drawers, &c. &c., for sale cheap for cash. c 517,6w38 B. L. HARDON & Co. Silk Dress Goods. In this Department of our Store will be found a very large stock, embracing upwards of 200 pieces silks, in livery desirable and fashionable shade of coloring, from medium to extra quality. BLACK SILKS. In this branch of the silk department, we have the largest Steck ever exhibited in this State, and of styles and qualities the best made in the world. Any lady in want of a black Silk that will not lose its LUSTRE by being wet, or by years of wear, should look at our as sortment before purchasing. Also, Black Watered Silks, a Magnificent Quality, the best ever of fered in this market—all of which will be warranted not to ent or crack in wear, and will be sold at the low est prices the same qualities can be bought fur in any City in the United States. 517,8w38 B. L. HARDON’ & Co. Shawl Velvets. We have just received a choice quality of Lyons Velvets for shawls and cloaks. Also, Shawl Fringes, New Styles. B. L. HARDON & Co. c 517,6w38 Hair and Palm Leaf Matrasses. WE have now in slor o n very large stock of the very best Hair Mutieates to be round in tlm country. Also Palm Leaf Manesscs—both of which will be sold for rush, ■is cheap, hy the subscubers, ns they c*n be bought in nn) n.uket in the United Stall s. Cw3B B 1.. HARDON & < o. 50 B ’* Crimed Co'ton Dniggots Illis week receiving, tJ'J and lor sale cheap for cash, by 6w38 H. L. HARDON & Co 25 Pieces Dutch Carpets. JUST RECEIVED in new patterns. We have just received 25 I’ieccs genuine Dutch Carpets, of a very superior quality; better than any ever before Imported to this Country, to which we ask the attention of pur ihascrs before buying, as we feel confident we can sell these Goons 25 per cent cue apkh than they can re bought elsewhere in the State. c 517,6dw38 B. L. HARDON & Co. SPEECH OF THE lion. Charles Allen, At the City Hall, in Worcester, Oct. 5,1850. PHONOGRAPHIC REPORT BY DR STONE. [ As the lion, gentleman approached the platform, he was greeted with three rapturous rounds of ap plause.] My friends, as I entered this hall, I could not but congratulate myself that I was once more upon free soil; [Cheers] that multitudes of freemen were around me; that there was no slaveholder here, and that the word slavery is never mentioned but to ex press detestation of that relation of man to man. 1 will not say that it was with surprise, and vet it s a remarkable feature of the times, that I should perceive, on returning to this district and to this county, that the state of men’s minds was highly ex cited. What meant the expressions of anxiety and ■ of determination upon the countenances of men ?— Why were these indignant denunciations uttered at the corners of the streets, against the laws which are supposed to be in force, and the men who enacted them ? Why these great gatherings of the people in nightly assemblies ? Do you not know that your wise men at Washington, without distinction of par ty, your Websters and your Casses, your Clays nnd your Dickinsons, forgot old distinctions, joined hands, and united counsels to restore the peace of the country ? And do you not know that what their joint wisdom conceived was executed, that not a sin gle measure fell to the ground? What meanstheu this state of dissatisfaction among the people? Why, fortune long months, you have been accus tomed to look through the papers for intelligence from Washington, and to learn ths deep sensation which was manifested there; the earnest discussions, the angry contentions on the subject of slavery.— While you were at peace at home, fearing nothing for the safety of the government or the preservation of the Union, for nine long months you looked tow ard the government at Washington, and what did you see there but a state of turmoil and confusion ? And how is it that the scene should all at once be changed— that measures of pacification should be adopted at M ashington, which certainly had the effect of quieting the people there, and yet, after the suc cessful result of all these efforts, after the feast had been enjoyed, and the song sung, and the hymn of thanksgiving had gone up from drunken lips, [laugh ter] how is it that instead of Washington, it is the country, every free state in this Union, that is, not only deeply excited, but indignant at the existing stats of things—at the laws which have been enact ed, and at the rulers who have enacted them? Surely there must have been some mistake.— Surely there must have been some miscalculation, lor, when before did our party leaders, forgetting all their (tends, unite to bring peace, and instead of peace bring a sword ? I repeat, there must have been some great error in the calculations of your wise men. Or can it be, that a higher power has overruled their counsels, and brought their wisdom tn n.mgki3 .1.. .l . i ■ ‘ in their own craftiness, and that “the counsels of the froward have been carried headlong?” [“That is it.”] Are you in this way to account for the peace and profound quiet which reigned atWashington, for the feast and song, for the harmony of feeling and the mutual flow of soul, and for the fact that throughout the length and breadth of the country, all is uneasi ness, all is dissatisfaction ? My friends it must be that this state of things has been created by the doings of the Congress, which has recently been in session. It must be, that some enormous wrong has been done at Washington, or this tremendous jury would not unite in one verdict of disapprobation. Surely it could not otherwise be, that the freemen of the country, those who deserve the name, should be thus discontended and dissat isfied with the condition of affairs. With your leave, I will briefly take notice of soma of the doings of the Congress, whose session has just closed, in connection with that subject which at the firesent time most deeply interests your hearts. The egislature of the country met under circumstances of unusual interest. The nation had been engaged in a war with a foreign power. Of the character of that war and of its causes, I will not now speak. But wo have something to do with the results. As the fruit of that warfire, the nation acquired by conquest, as you well know, immense territories, California, New Mexico, Utah, each sufficient to be the seat of a mighty empire. It became the imper ative duty of Congress to legislate for the territories which had been thus acquired. They were to be admitted as states, or territorial governments were I to be imposed upon them, as Congress in its wisdom should deem to be most proper. This state of things would present no difficulty under ordinary circum stances. Congress has many a time, as you all know, established territorial governments for teiri tories which had been acquired by the country; and states had been admitted into the Union, without) attracting much general observation, or producing division in the counsels of the country. There was then no difficulty growing out of the । fact that the nation had acquired immense territories for which it was necessary to legislate. But yet in | the present instance there was immense diversity of . opinion. A state of hostile feeling sprung up between oue portion of the country and another in relation ■ to tho proper disposition of the subject ; and fears were entertained by some, of confusion at the seat K of government, and possibly of rebellion elsewhere. Whence did this diversity arise ? Solely from the fact that the people of this great country were divi ded upon the subject of domestic slavery. A large majority of the inhabitants of the United States desired that there should be no extension of slavery beyond its present limits; and they dasired that so far as was practicable the general government should be absol ved from all responsibility in relation to it They lived under a constitutional government intended to protect freedom. It was formed with the express acknowledgment on the part of its authors, and of the people who sanctioned it, that all men were born free and equal. And in the preamble to the constitution, it was expressly declared, that one of the great ends for which it was made was to secure the blessings of Ebeity for its founders and their posterity. With the people of the free states the love of liberty is an inborn and hereditary senti ment ; slavery they detest nnd they demand of their government thit it restrain it within the narrowest limits of constitutional right. There was, in another part of the country, a class of persons numbering some 200,000 voters who were slaveholders. They had obtained control over fifteen states of this Union, control over the white inhabitants through the ignorance of the latter, and through the wealth, power, and influence of the slaveholder. And in addition to all this power, they held in bondage 3,000,000 of men, women and chil dren. Thsy demanded uot only that they should be allowed still to possess their slaves in the States in which they dwelt, but they demanded also, that slavery should be allowed to extend itself into what ever territories might be acquired by the arms or by the wealth of this Union. They looked upon the acquisitions that had been made from Mexico. They looked forward prospectively to acquisitions to be made hereafter in the sunny South, on the continent •nd among the islands of the ocean, and they required that wherever the arms of the United States should go, or the power of the United States extend, there also should be found a market for the human beings whom they reared for servitude, and of whom thev | were accustomed to make merchandise. They de manded that inasmuch as freemen could go to the territories, to California, to New Mexico, and wherever the authority of the government extended, and dispose of their horses and cattle, they too should be allowed to go, to dispose of their stock, of their wealth in human beings, whose prices were as well ascertained and known in the market, as the prices of horses and cattle in the North. And, from this antagonistic force,from the opposition of slavery to freedom, sprung all the difficulties attending the acquisition of the territories to the United States. The slaveholder threatened that he would dissolve the Union, that he would disregard your laws and your government, and overturn the institutions which had been formed by your fathers, if you de nied him the privilege of going with his slaves into any of the territories of the United States. As a matter of compromise, as a measure of condescen sion on his part, he would consent to divide with you, the territory which had thus been acquired. He would consent to give to freedom a portion, retain ing to slavery, another portion, and that the lion’s share. He would give you the mountains aud the fastnesses, the barren plains and the sandy deserts, where freemen might toil if they pleased. But he demanded for himself the sunnier clime, the more fruitful soil, the land of easy culture,where he might go with his slaves and live in luxurious repose upon the fruits of their labors. But he demanded, as a right, the liberty of going wherever he pleased, and with as many slaves as he pleased, into all the territo ries acquired or owned by the United States, Now my friends, in this state of high feeling in every part of the Union, it was apparent that something must be done for the protection of the territories, for the preservation ot order, for the good of our common country. Under these circumstances the councils of the nation were assembled at Washington. It was their business to allay, if pos sible, the angry feelings that existed, and to enact laws which should promote, not the present merely, but the permanent welfare of the country. They saw on the one hand Freedom —that Freedom which their fathers prized, contending for territory that had been Freedom’s for a long series of years, demanding that its soil, free now, should not be pol luted by the foot of a slave. Itwas maintained that this demand on the part of freemen was in perfect consistency with the institutions under which we live—in conformity with the character of the Consti tution under which the nation had so long prospered. Your rulers must have seen that the spirit which demanded freedom in the territories,. in the days of the revolution. They must have seen too, that the sentiment which prevailed throughout the free states, and with the vast majority of the country, was not confined to this Union, broad as it is. They saw that it was a sentiment which had spread itself throughout the civilized world, which had gone beyond civilization itself, and had inspired the counsels of some, whom we call barbarians, and induced them to proclaim freedom to the captive. They saw that this sentiment was the sentiment cf the world, of the civilized world, of the intelligent world, already, and was fast becoming the sentiment and principle of man. [Cheers.] They could not but see, for the footprints were visible on every part of this globe, that Liberty was advancing with majestic strides—advancing to hei fi nal conquest over the world itself. [Prolonged ap- plause.] And now, my friends, what should wise men do, who meet together and constitute the councils of the nation, under circumstances like these. ? Not what should office seekers do? Not what should demagogues do? Not what should mere politicians do? But what should statesmen do? How should they leg islate I Should they not legislate for the present and the future, rather than for the past ? Should they not legislate in accordance with, instead of legislating in opposition to, the spirit of the times, and the spirit of the age? Could they hope to pour oil upon the troubled waters, to produce peace where there was contention, and order where confu sion reigned, by disregarding the spirit of the age, and the opinions cf mankind, contemning opinions which were in harmony with the principles of jus tice, with the throbbings of the human heart and with the religion to which that heart bowed in horn age ? Could they hope by a retrograde movement, by car rying back legislation and conforming it to the leg islation of a darker period—could they hope thus to procure peace, thus to send the nation forward on its proud career ? Judge ye I You do not profess to ' bo statesmen, none of us assume to ourselves so lofty . a title. But lam sure, as men of sense, you can ' judge what statesmen ought to do in such circum- I stances, and I appeal to you, to say what course of i legislation a sound philosophy, not less than a sense ■ of duty, would dictate, ns the right course lo be pur sued. But your wise men camo to a conclusion, to which neither philosophy nor justice carried them. They chose to legislate in conformity with the humors, the interests, and the wishes, of the 250,000 slave holders who nre supposed to control the votes of some fifteen states. They disregarded all consider ations, it seems to ine, but the consideration of per sonal and immediate advantage. They looked for ward to the future, only to calculate the chances of the election of this man or of that man, and disre garding those considerations which should have been before their minds, shining upon them day by day like the light of the sun, disregarding all those con siderations, they shaped their measures to suit the few nnd not the many, to suit the past and not the present or the future, to suit the oppressor and not the friends of man. [“Shame shame !”] Foolish men 1 tor however they may have been the idols of tho people, or however they may have been extolled for talent, or learning, or knowledge, 1 venture lo call them, in reference to this scheme of theirs, foolish and inconsiderate men. What did they seek to do 1 Instead of taking the course which was plain and straight before them, in stead of looking forward anti going forward with the age itself, instead of perceiving the footsteps of Libert, and following her in her onward progress, what did they do 1 They, in their arrogance, not only com manded the sun of liberty to stand still on Gibeou, but they commanded it to retrace its glorious career, through the east, to sink below the horixun. above which iH norning beams first fell, and bring back the despotic NO 107.