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. - - - , - I; ' . 1 r- r- V THE STATESMAN. TRI-WKEKLY DEMOCRATIC STATES at AN insta eopy, one year . ,.... uileeo,elx uoatba J siugm wpy, in munta.. f) ': WEEKLY DEMOCRATIC STATESMAN. IDfUBOpT.OM J Ml a --l nut...,, I J Iiaaopla, ou yaw 1 H) uvt mac ara pcle. : ; Tbe Executive Committee. , ; Tba Cuttil and Senatorial Executive Com saittea chosen by tba Democratic State Con- veution, str u follows : . . A. S. WALL1X, Chairman M. H. BOWERS, JOHM D. ELLIOTT, w. m. "Walton b. a sheed. Central Exeeative Committee. : SaVATOBlAI. DISTRICTS. 1st Diauict E. B. Pick at t, Liberty. 2d , do S. B. Bewley, San Augustine, 3d ; do T. R. Bonner, Busk. 4th. do James W. Ewing, Palestine. . 6tn do Jam H. Jones, Henderson. 6th do J. P. Douglas, Tyler. 1 Tth , do Jamai W. Pope, Marshall. . fib do H. P. afabry, JeSerion. 9th. . do W. B. Wright, ClarkerUle. : 10th do . Win, A. Wortham, Hopkins. 11th do 8. B. Maze y, Paris. 12th do : R. L. Fulton, Galveston. ; 13th do P. E. Pearesoo, Richmond. 14th do . J. W. Henderson, Houston, . . lfitb do J. M. Mtxey, Huntsville. . ; 16th do 9 8eth Sbeppard, Brenham. . ; 17th do ' G. J. Goodwin, Bryan. ' - 18th do A. W. Terrel, Calvert. 19th do Capt. Gearge Clark,Waco. 20tb do C. H. Winkler, Corsicaoa. ' 21st : do John Hanna, Dallas. ; 22d do E. T. Brougbton, Sherman. . 13d do . , W. K. Hughes, Weatherford, ,24th do R. M. Forbes, Calhoun. 25th . do Wells Thompson, Columbus. :26th. do J. D. Sayers, Bastrop. 27th do . W. D. S. Cook, Gonxales. 28th do J. W. Posey, Georgetown. ' 39th do C. Upson, San Antonio. 30th i do . J. B. Carpenter,Corpas Ohristi. TO THE DEMOCRACY OF TEXAS, ". The Democratic State Contention that as sembled in Austin last January, after tbe ados lion of Its platform, passed the follow , log resolution : "Suolved, That the Central Executive 'Committee be, and they are hereby in i atroeted to take immediate steps to raise, by .joint stock or otherwise, a fand, and at the -earliest possible time establish a central organ to be under tbe control of a committee - of three to be selected by the Central Com ml t tee. Which resolution was adopted." - A meeting of tba Staie Executive Com " miltea was held in tbe city of Austin aubse ' quest to the adjournment of tbe Contention, , . at which meeting the State Executire Com mittee passed a resolution directing the fonr . resident members of tbe Central Executive - Committee in Austin and the Chairman to carry out the resolution of tbe Convention , by the establishment of a Central Demo cratic Paper. ' In accordance with tbe resolution of tbe Convention and of the Execntive Committee . at large, tbe undersigned report that, tbey , have entered into arrangements with tbe ' " Statesman Publishing Company" to publiih a Democratic newspaper in Austin to be . ; etjled the Dehooratio Statesman, which paper will be sound in its support ot Demo cratic Doctrine. ' Under tbe management of I editors, counseling with a competent com mittee, the undersigned trust that tbe paper : will, in all respects, meet with the approba tion and support of tbe Democracy of Texas. We earnestly solicit, for the interests of the. party, that every member of tbe Demo : cratic Executive Committee, and Democrats " at large, use their influence to extend tbe ' circulation of the paper. A. S. WALKER, ' j Chairman Democratic State Ex. Com. 8. G. 8miD, Wh. V. Walton, V Central Committee. , M. H. Bowiri, j Austin, Tfiai, July 20, 1871. - Saint Louis bas been selected as tbe city in which to hold the next National Democratic Convention. The Hon. J. C. Conner and hia com petitor, Judge Bryant, have agreed to canvas the Second Congressional Dis trict together. Sain. Bain has fallen at San Anto nio, Giddings, Round Rock aad other points. We hope and believe it is gen eral throughout the State. Pithy. A gentleman writes to the Liberty Observer, from Moscow, Polk county, on tbe 3d inat , and gives this .item: "Weather warm. Occasional showers. Crops good. Oood health, peace and quiet ; but everybody is cus sing tbe taxes aud damning the school law." 'We sympathize with our friends of Polk. Thanes. We are under obligations to Mr. J. W. Fleming, of San Saba county, for the interest he has taken in behalf of the Statesman. Through his efforts we now have over thirty subscribers in that county, with the promise that this number will be doubled before many weeks. When such men as Fleming give this evi dence of their appreciation of our efforts in the Democratic cause, we are encouraged to go on, for we kuow we arc right. No purer Democrat, and no more influential mau lives in that sec tion than J. W. Fleming. TAXES t TAXES t! Tax payers of Travis county look at these figures and see the manner in which you are to be placed by the Davis Alexander Radical administration. . Tbe ad valorem, school, road and bridge, frontier bond and poll taxes for the current year for Travis county are $145,384 13. Ths taxes under the eld law was about 1T,000. Look at the difference more than Elgnt Times As much as formerly ! Who is responsible for this oppres ive robbery ? Who gels the benefit ? Davis and his horde of carpet baggers, policemen, supernumeraries and miu iona, who are ready to do his work in holding power in the State bul you must pay it ! How long, O Cataline, wilt thou abuse our patience ! Ta tbe Democracy of Texas. We have been requested by the Chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the Democratic party Bon. A. S. Walker, to urge Democrat ic journals throughout the State to publish a list of the names of the chair man and committees, with postoffice address, in their counties and in adjoin icg counties where there are no Demo cratic papers published, and please forward the same to him at Austin. Also to appeal to the Democracy to organize county and precinct commit tees all over tbe State where they are not already tftablisUeJ. Tbe importance ot' this organization and the information of it by the Cen tral Executive Committee, will be re cognized by all Democrat. Democratic papers throughout the SUte will please notice this request. VOL. I. The "ISew Departure." Tbe question is sometimes aeked by those who Lave not read the paper, "Is the Democratic Statesman a New Departure Journal V ' ' Upon that snbject our answer is short, plaiu and to the point no ! This paper is planted on tbe Demo cratic Platform adopted by the general convention which met at the city of Austin, January 23, 1871.. There is no such idea or expression in it. We can neither be begged, nor driven into any kind of departure from it. In fighting the common esemy, an invitation is extended 4o all good men "whatever may have been their past political preferences, to unite with the Democratic party in removing from place and power those who now control the State Government, in order to re lease the people from oppressive reve- me and unequal taxation, to insure an honest administration of the laws and an honest and economical expenditure of the public moneys and to throw the aegis of justice and protection over the person and property of every indivi dual whatsoever in the State of Texas," in the language of the platform itself. We fight standing on that platform, and most earnestly desire that every good man within the broad limits of the State, will come to our help, and the help of the Democracy, to aid in putting a stop to the vice, demoraliza- f tion, and crime, now aany, 11 not hourly, perpetrated by the thieves, robbers, and cut throats, who in one shape aud auother control the State Government. As a Democratic paper, we support the Democratic party as now organized in Texas, on the plat form before mentioned, adding nothing thereto takinjr nothing therefrom. A strong, unscrupulous and vindictive . . . ti . enemy, is in our ironi, our mow a are at him. We : have no quarrel with friends. The platform is our common ground. If we act together our united strength will Burely overcome the foe. When the victory has been won, it will be time enough to discuss what shall, or shall not go into, and make part of the next platform, State and National. When such platforms shall be adopted, this paper will be found standing "flat footed" on them, and working with all ts power to achieve success for the party, and upholding its standards. A Contrast. The theory of the Democratic party is that all persons, magistrates and peo ple, officers and citizens are bound by imitations and entitled to the benefits of the guarentees of the Constitution. The theory of the Radical party is that in the administration of the State Government, the Legislature is not bound by, limited, or controlled by any of the provisions of the Conititution. These liberal guarantees were pur chased with the lives of patriot and our people have ever looked upon them aa the palladium of their liberties. Texans, are you prepared to surren der into the bands of official tyrants, the right of trial by jury ; and in crim inal persecution the right to a "speedy public trial by an impartial Jury'' security in your house against all seiz ures or search, except on warrant founded on affidavit the right to the privileges of the writ of habeas corpus, the right to keep and bear arms in the lawful defense of yourself; the right to assemble together in a ' peace able manner for your common good; the right to have all laws contrary to those Constitutionally guaranteed provis ions declared void? Are you prepared to submit to unjust and illegal taia tion to sustain in their stolen luxury a corrupt and bloated band of public thieves, who are rioting on the money they are stealing from you, and claim irg to have control . of your State Government? Are you prepared to surrender all your aucieiit rights and become abject slaves to corrupt and groveling tyranny? If not, then come to the polls and aid in wresting from our oppressors their ursurped power, and restoring our State to good gov ernment, peace and order. A petition to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Legislature of the State of Texas, signed by many citizens of the county of Liberty, most earnesly and urgently requesting that body upon reassembling in September next, to pass a law authorizing and re quiring an election for members of the Legislature, and all other elective offi cere, and as this is the only question of vital interest to the people, then to adjourn sine die. "Little'' Conner has been fleecing his opponent, Bryant, we learn from a friend at Gr anbury. The meeting at that point was very large and enthusiastic, and Bryant's chances, all the while hopeless, grow continually less. The latest reports fram Kentucky foot up a majority for the Democracy of fifty thousand instead of thirty These Radicals smell the spoils like the battle alar. Ths people of Fayette County have come to tbe determination to refuse payment of the School tax. fully realizing the impostbility of a great majority of the citizens being able to pay. -- - - The Cincinnati Industrial Exhibition fur '71, offer $2450 asspecial premiums on cotton aloue. Two hundred and rittj dollars are offered for the best kale of Texas cotton, and one hun dred for the secctd best. DEM Liability of GoTernment Ota cers, State and Federal, to Private Cltr.ieiii for Illegal Act of CemtnUalen ' aad Omission In speaking lately in this paper of the illegal aad unconstitutional acta of the officials of this State, we have bad occasion, incidentally, on several oc casions, to refer to the principles of law guarding the personal and pecuniary rights of the citizen, and the corres ponding liability of all official persona to answer, both civilly and criminally for all illegal acts by which the public, or particular individuals Buffer injury or loss. Believing as we do, that this subject is bat little understood by oar people, and wholly overlooked by offi cials not only in Texas, but throughout all the South, and perhaps tbe whole United States, wo are bappy to be able to lay before our readers a very full and clear expositiou of the. sub ject, as adjudicated by American courts particularly the United States court of claims, and all the high courts of England, both of law and equity. This learned and timely exposition of this most important department of the law of all civil society and of all governments, whether Re publican or monarchical, was prepared for and published in, perhaps, by far the most able and authoritative Radi cal journal in the United States the "Nation" of July 27, 1871, (p. 52-53,) published in New York. We hope our readers will do themselves the justice to read and remember tbe great prin ciple involved for without this funda mental maxim of law, the citizen would be at the mercy of tbe official, and all claims to legal rights would be bat a mockery, because the enjoyment by the citizen of any right would de pend upon the favor or caprice of the official, which would be tantamount to no rights of any kind. We also sug- croat tn all th nffioiala in thin t" -.. o.-- i u n j i .' . . ..... , bummest appointee, to study una sud- ject, as well for their own safety as for the sake of right and jastice. Let them all take notice that officers of . , u . i government, of all grades, are only public servants ana not masters, iney , are as much under the law of society as the humblest citizen in the land and may be punished criminally lor I all hreachPS of the criminal law. and mulcted in damages for all unlawful in- uries to individuals, of pefson or pro perty. That the courts of Texas will refuse to enforce this important branch of the law. we will not believe until convinced by actual experience- Whenever and wherever the courts of countv refuse to enferce the law against a man on the ground that he is 6 . ... , . an omce noiaer, ana tnereiore anove the law no oiner remeay remains to the subject or citizen but open rebel- lion, no matter how desolating and -I ..i .- u . I " . ;, "forbearance ceases to be a virtue, because, in the estimation of an intclli- cent freeman the loss of civil liberty is a far greater calamity than the loss of property or even life itself. "Give me tr r J 1 iberty, or give me death, said the great Patrick Henry, when advising his countrymen to open rebellion against tbe tyranny of King George the 111 and this noble sentiment, as natural as it is noble, will ever, as then, meet with a hearty response in the breast of every intelligent man who has ever enjoyed civil and politi cal liberty. Our people must more earnestly and more thoroughly study the real nature and great extent of their undertaking, to secure to them selves and their posterity tbe blessings of civil liberty, by means of con stitutional government, made and executed by and for themselves. It is avowedly the greatest possible under taking, and must needs require the most perfect vigiltince and earnest ef fort. All history proves this to be strictly true. Tbe able paper we refer to appears ! unon another case, to wnicn we can attention "The Anclo-Saxon Judge.' a a ' Judge Bryant, the Radical nominee. made a puny effort at a speech, while the Hon. J. C. Conner made a splendid SDeech. The Democrat says: " Our mind continually reverted to the boy of Ashland and to Randolph, while this little hero was hurling mas- ter thunderbolts into tbe Radical camp. He handled without gloves all the leading topics of the day central ism, taxes, corruption, etc., etc. On Wednesday 9th inst. there was a errand rally of the Democracy at Waxahachie, of which the Demacrat says: " When we saw the unbounded, un limited, tremendous enthusiasm that prevailed on tbe occasion of tbe bar becue, which came on last Wednesday the 9th inst, our feelings overflowed and we felt like giving one long aud continuous shout for the glorious and 1 tried old principles that have ofttimes, in the pristine glory ot the past, led ua io uaiue aim Yiciury. The San Antonio Herald says that before the late New Braunfels Con vention, the Hon. E. Degener was in full sympathy and concert with Senator Hamilton Tbe Herald re marks. "We judge that it was a mighty tight squeeze that the Baron was iorcea to tafce the pill, tor there are persons in this city who saw and read a cut and dried speech, prepared by the Baron to be delivered before the New Braunfels Convention in which he gave Davis' leading measures particu lar fits' It is therefore clear that but ine .Tim m u T jvs: Atxti it' a narciotinnr V - v lUMuay - .aw rw u tv a a g "' abUVJ Degener would be riiumog lor Con gresa on a platform of h; own, ignoring the Davis orttUt, and claiming to favor measures ot reTona, light taxes, ko.v AUSTIN, TEXAS, THURSDAY, AUGUST 24, 1871. "Radical Bobbery." Under this title, the Washington Patriot collates tbe facts and figures of the finances of several Southern States under Radical rule. . The result is astonishing. For instance. Ten. neasee has had her public debt increased by 137,527,494 03, since 1861. The value of the property of the State has diminished seventy-eight aed one-balf millions in value, and yet the aug mented debt is seven fold. In 1861, the rate of taxation was fifteen cents per one hundred dollars, and thirty-five cents on each poll. In 1871, the rate of taxation is sixty cents per one hun dred dollars on property aud fifty cents on each poll for school purposes. "It is hardly possible to regard this ex posure with patience,' says the Patri ot, "even in the presence of the cold but astounding figures." ' In Texas, as our readers are already well aware, the "Radical robbing" is on a far more gigantic scale. ' Instead of sixty cents to the hundred dollars, the Comptrol ler assures us.' that two dollars and twenty-five cents to the hundred dol lars is imposed by the Davis-Alexander administration upon the people of Texas more than three times as much as tbe infamous . old ' blackguard, Brownlow, extorted from the people of Tennessee. We suppose that our rob bers and tyrants are determined to so impoverish -our people as to render it impossible for them to throw off these robbers as the Tennaseeans have done. We have not space to-day for a synopsis of the injustices perpetuated upon the people of South Carolinat Georgia and North Carolina, but will take an early occasion to do so. , We conclude in the forcible language of the Patriot : j Fo expose effectively the organized system of plunder and outrage, with which Radical rule has effected the South, wherever a foothold was even temnorarilv obtained, requires patient . r - r , ? ana careiut lnvesuKaiiuu. . oumc w these States the plunderers have stnv eQ t CQTer lheir tracks. in others, tQ authorize corrupt abuses by the form of law, and in others still, they nave boldly seized upon the treasury and taxes, with the simple "stand and 1 ,.e ' a ,,...' Rppnn UW a I vwa va mm , 8truction has been the ereat element 0f strength, in perfecting a political conspiracy, which had plunder for its exclusive object. Ana loyalty nas 1 .3 .fl-:An n -, that Vio nTAVat P' u r.V . "T" confederates and cut-throats, against whom every honest man s hand was raised, are to-day the representatives of that sentiment of Congress, or the ehosen instruments of Federal despot ism, for the persecution of the South ern people. We have alreany exposea tue Dare- faced and monstrous robbery ot South Carolina and Texas, by a crew of rogues aua tn.eves sue. a bo P""""" contains today. They and their m- BtrHmeEt3) and the means employed to oppress, pillage, and torture a people, already outraged by Federal tyrauoy, . a . a 1 are the ioulest wot on moaern civiu- nzauon. ine worsi loriua oi vaiiuujuu- urn in France have been rendered re BDectable by contrast with these "loy ai" knaves. There was at least the excuse of hot Dassion and violent re Uenge for the Communists; but the carpei-uaggera uav .u w.u An1 xrirh a-a1milatinnr mftllPf matured crime8 wnicn are all the more infa mus for having been perpetrated in the name of "moral ideas. Killing at Bastrop. We learn from a gentleman jusifrom Bastrop the following particulars of the difficulty there on Monday evening after the votinsr was over. . A son of Mr. Frauk Yoast got into a fight with a negro, when Mr. Yoast rode up and drawing his pistol demanded, a fair fight, threatening to shoot any one who interfered. Messrs. Green and Burle son did interfere and separated them, when Sheriff Jung aud a policeman at tempted to arrest Frank Yoast, who was fired at from behind by Mr. War uer another policeman. Yoast then fired three shots, his six shooter having only three loads in it, killing Warner, but only striking the clothes of Jung and the other policeman. Mrs. Halter, a lady subject to bemor rhage ot the lungs, came out ot a house near by and becoming excited from hearing or seeing the difficulty, on returning to her house, fell on the steps ana in aooui nan an uour uuei- wards died from internal bleeding. A air. rrocop ana a luacmmsi were shot and wounded in the legs and hip accidentally by the deceased police man when firing at Yoast. Politics as far aa we can learn had but nothing to do with the occurrance which was caused by mean whisky, and is to be regretted by all City Cbarter. Bv the Citv Charter a tax on all property in the city subject to taxa tion, not to exceed one-twelfth of one per cent, is authorized. There is now being collected one-half of one per cent, or six times the amount authoriz ed by law. Are the tax payers pre pared to submit to. this robbery? Wil they qUjetiy yjeld to this illegal de- . , i,:; f P,;l lUUUU til a buuiuiuaiiuu ui iiL.un.-t . y pointees who only want the money that they may apply it to their own in dividual use? We are not advised as to whether this robbery is directed by the City Council, or whether it is the dictation of J. W. Glenn, who claims to be Mayor and the man who is now compelling the payment of this money A majority of tbe board of alder men as it is now organized, are honest men and will do right. If the counci is responsible for this pluuder, then we call upon Aldermen Robinson, Eggles ton, Brneggerhoff, Buaas, Bremond and Mussina, to come to the rescue of the people, and stop these thieves and rob bers from further stealing of the bard earnings of the tax oppressed citizens. AT v Oar City Taxes. We would most respectfully call the attention of the Mayor and Aldermen of our city to the assessment now be ing made by our city assessor upon all city property. . We would like to know by what authority he assesses property at its present value, when our charter says in article twenty five, that the value of property on the first Monday in J anuary, of each year, shall govern the years assessment, or rather that the assessment shall be made at that time. We would also suggest that our city charter be strictly construed and that only one twelfth of one per cent., instead of one half of one per cent, should be the amount of city tax assessed. The late report of our Mayor was a masterly one a perfect masterpiece I He deserves gri at credit for it; ' and the Aldermen are the right men in the right places,bnt will they pleaseexplaiu this city tax so that citizens may not suffer this great imposition. We al-1 ready are taxed most heavily,and to be forced illegally to pay money ont of our pockets to support city policemen, State policemen and State guards who are used as instruments of oppression, is indeed hard. When we look at the past use of the money paid into the city treasury as well as into the State treasury, it seems that our people should be most vigilant of their rights. Shall we quietly submit and pay unjust taxes, and support a standing arm' in time of peace, and thus perpetuate the odious and tyrannical party now in power ? " Radical Robbery." Under this head the Washington Patriot shows that under the admin istration of Governor Bullock, State bonds of the State of Georgia to the amount of forty-five millions of dol lars have been issued. The public debt of the State, including all bonds issued before 1869, was $6,554,450. It is now no less than fifty millions seven hundred and thirty-seven thou sand four hundred and fifty dollars! (150,437,450.) Says tbe Patriot: "The facts pre sented by Mr. Angar, the treasurer of the State, before the committee of investigation here (in Washington city) are astonishing, and reveal a sys tem of plunder,, deep in audacity, de fiance of law, ao4 " contempt of public opinion, exceeding any thing yet exhibi ted, outside cf South Carolina." When we examine these revelations, and re member tbe education and spirit of tbe people, who have -been thus pillaged by a band of political highwaymen, the question is natural, how they have borne such thieving tyranny in tranquility.? If a tenth part of these iniquities bad been attempted in any Northern or Western State a popular uprisisg would have been inevitable And the highest proof that peace has been preferred to violence, .t any sacrafice, is that Bullock, Blodget, Cameron, Delano, and others, have' entered lato a new conspiracy, by which the State will be robbed of half a million a year for their personal pront. verily toe itaaicai rule in Georgia and Texas are of a piece. We hope these exposures may lead to the total overthrow of these corrupt public plunderers. So be it. ' Austin, August 18, 1871. Hod. A. Bladioe, Comptroller: Sir Will you be kind enough to furnish me with the true figures as to what is therate of present taxation, giving me tbe various items which enter into the rate. Very respectfully, W. M. Walton. Austin, August 18, 1871. Hon. Wm. M. Walton, Austin : Sir In reply to your favor of the 17th inst., requesting "the true fig ures as to what is the rate of present taxation, I hand you the following, as being approximately correct : Annual direct State ad valorem tai 60 Annual poll tax for ichool pur poses 1 30 Annual poll tax for road and bridges 1 00 Annual direct county ad valorem tax 25 25 Annual county road and bridge tax Annual district school tax Annual district school tax levied 12$ m by school directors Frontier tax 05 00 Occupation tax say 300,000 Tbe two polls estimated at 300.000 00 The total tax then may be estima ted tor ail purposes at $z za per hundred dollars. Very respectfully, A Bledsoe, Comptroller The Allegan (Mich.) Democrat, says : Texas is one of the most mis-gov erned States, at the present time, in the Union. Ihe taxes there are very high ; the rnlers are incompetent and venal, and the only thing that keeps the State from being utterly impoverished is tbe fertility and ex tent ot us boh. A negro named Gaines, now a State Senator, who is ambitious of a seat in Congress, in a recent speech thus coollyannounces why the taxes were so high : " Much is said about taxes, and the Democrats say they are groaning under them. Glad of it. Let tbem groan. I have got $2,000 worth o property, and I like to pay taxes on it. its my privilege. Ion can buy any land. They won't sell it to you. 1 oar old masters didn t rive you any land or horses. The United States failed to confiscate them, and the Constitution failed too. There is no way left bat to tax and -sell, so as to get cheap homes. If there is any virtue in taxation, we will tax and tax, until we tax them out of their landa." STA. nnim 1 msi Tbe Honorable Mayor, and tbe Honorable Board of Alder men or tb.li city. For tha Damoetatla Butaraua 1 Geutlemen I clairbe right to call your attention yisions of the City ChalrL., Uh Lag, in levying taxes upon property and per sons in. the corporate limits of the city of Austin. The i original charter authorized the city board to levy one-half of one per cent, on all taxable property in said city; that continued to be the authority for some years. The citi xena of Austin petitioned the Legis vui Lfvnsi wm iiu x.au j- lature of 1862, to amend the char ter that the city board could not make a levy of city tax higher than one-twelfth of one per cent. The legislature granted the petition, and so amended the charter. The city board continued to make their levies under the amended char ter for eeyeral years. The city board made an application to Gen. Canby, the then Military Commander of the Fifth Military District, to suspend the special provision of the amended charter, and to authorize the city board tv mio or-lcf j lu accuraauutfi with the provisions in the original charter. The charter was thus amended by a military order. The board jthen made a levy on the city property of one-fourth of one per cent. The authority given by the military authority was good, bo long aa the military authority continued, but no longer, bo soon as the mili tary authority was withdrawn, the provision in the amended charter was virtually revived in full force, as a part of the organic law of the city. When the city authorities undertake to force the collection of city taxes, under the present levy, they will find that they reckoned without their host. They will only be able to collect one- twelfth of one per cent, under tbe provision of the amended charter. If they act otherwise, one-half of the cases will be taken into the courts of the county. The city will have to pay the cost of suit, and will be sub ject to an action ot damage to the rty injured. Well, gentlemen, I can see but one way that you can be relieved from i i t -. your present awKwara condition, that is, to carry your case up to tbe foot-stool of sovereign power, lay .a A TT T 1 your case at the teet ot ins .ftxcei- ency : he is the concentrated HEAD of all the civil and military power in the State: he is an accomplished Tinker in email matters. I think he will have skill sufficient to mani pulate you out of your present enap. Try him, gentlemen, he possesses a arge stock or that kind ot skill. He has long been dealing in that pettyfoging way. Tax Payee. Tbe ' Darls-McFaddln Affair. To tba Editor of tbe Demooratlc Statesman: Governor Davis has lately been engaged in a little reconstruction business in the lhirty-second Judi cial District. In this instance it seems Radical sagacity bad not been quite so acute as usual, and the mor al conduct of one of the appointees was ratner too notorious for the ex panded ideas of the' great party of progress. As waa stated in a late issue ot the Statesman, after Lewis became Judge of the above district,-McFadi din received the appointment, through Governor Davis, of course, of Dis trict Attorney for the same, and at once qualified and entered upon the duties of his office. However, Mc- Faddin performed but few of these duties, for scarcely two weeks had elapsed when one (Andrew Jackson?) Vaughn, with colors flying probably more conspicuously than ever those of his great namesake, dashed into the field and triumphantly took post session of it. McFaddin was thun derstruck, and the people of William son shook their heads in wonder ; but the following facts tell the tale : When the Radical meeting was held at Georgetown for the purpose of electing delegates to the New Braunfels Convention McFaddin did not present himself. He was off at tending to more important duties working for the good of men a souls, and feeling fully satisfied, no doubt, that those of Newcomb and his mixed confreres were already con signed, he thought it best to devote himself to such as were not already lost. - McFaddin performed more the part of a good Christian than of a zealous Kadical: and as it is very well settled in Radical ethics, that political come before moral duties, McFaddin at once fell from grace Now were I in McFaddin's place, I would not care one iota about the sequel to this affair, but would be greatly exercised in regard to the cause. 1 have heard it said by those who knew the man well, that he is a gentleman of considerable worth, has been always well thought ot Dy his acquaintances, and respected in his own community ; and hereby should hang said reflections deser tion, ingratitude, and the injured feelings of his friends. Yet, as the heart has not been sufficiently tam pered with, the good left about it may yet wake this man to the enor mitv of his error, and he may thank heaven that Davis's malice saved him from corruption, and his eoul, will venture to say, from damnation Let him return to his friends, who, in the generosity of their noble hearts, will "make merry," and say "this thy brother was dead, and is alive aeain ; and was lost, and is found." Let McFaddin not grieve over the loss of his omce, but rather fee happy that he has been released from Radical stocks. It is quite certain that he still ha3 a right to the office by law, but having had a taste of the ! party's treachery, hs nobler senti ments ehuuli now induce mm to work for the better day which is rapidly tpi. reaching, when men worth aad standing will be respected rather than kicked aoout by xtadica tyrants, excommunicated and insult ed whenever they raise their hands against the party lata. C. NO. 4. TELEGRAPHIC. FOBEIGir NKWI. ' ' Lohdob, August 16. Tba meeting of tha Emperors and their advisers at Oaatiea it generally regarded aa a pledge of peace. The French pretend to be indifferent to the meet ing, and or "-e anJHanca between France as Loiidoh, Ac6 'deputation of citi zens appointed to tiaiix and to thank tha people for tba aid give iJt tba relief of tha wounded during tbe, war with Prussia, has arrived. The people of Doblin art wild with excitement, and roads leading to tha stopping place of tbe Frenchmen have become impas sable because of the crowds. Ob Wednesday night tha city bands, tha performers dressed in green, marched to tbe hotel where tha Frenchmen were stopping, and Dlared Ameri can, Irish and French national airs, alto soma Fenian tunes. No interference by tba police. Deputation reached Shelbonrn hotel at three o'clock, and in response to-tbe calls, came out on the balcony, afarlin, member of Pars lUment, made an address to the crowd. Paris, August 10. It is rumored that tbe right wing of the Assembly offered tba presi dency of France to Duke d'Aomale, and that be refused it. - Lohoom, August 18. In Konlgsbarg, Prus sia, on tbe 14th, 62 persons were attacked with tbe cholera ; 22 died. Vsesaillis, August 17. Tbe ; election committee, to whom was referred (be prolon- gation'of Thiers' termioril tun uiouusiuou V TO o. Paris, August 17. Tbe sword subscribed by Alsace residents of New York for General Ulnc, defender of Strasburg, was presented tbe General to-day. In accepting tbe gift of bis countrymen in America, Gen. Ulric said be would only draw the sword when an at tempt waa made to reconquer provinces which bad been torn from France by results of tbe war. London, August 17. In the House of Lords to-day, tbe Qseen'a assent to tbe army regu lation bill was announced. . . In the House of Commons, Visconnt Bu- field, Under Secretary of Foreign Affairs, said searching investigation had been ordered into tbe recent murder of six Englishmen in Peru. A dispatch from Sawalki, Poland, says cases of cholera are decreasing. In that town, whose population does not exceed six thousand, about one half of whom are Jews, there bare been 453 cases of the disease. Berlin, August 18. Cholera bas appeared in tbe neighborhood. At Komgsburg, on Tuesday, there were 70 new cases and 34 deaths, and Wednesday 80 new cases and 27 deaths. London, August 14. Demand of French Government reported for extradition of Com munist, who have taken refuge on British soil. Rep'y of English Cabinet said to be decided refusal. Dispatch from Rome reports Kins; Victor Emanuel had a narrow escape from death while bunting wild boars. London, Aoeust 15. The U. S. bonds o 1881 have risen considerably in Frankfort in conseqennce of tbe success of new Treasury arrangements. Case of cbolera appeared in London, aud creates extraordinary sensation among the people. Dispatch frem Berlin says cholera is increasing in Konigsburg. Heavy thunder storms experienced in tbe west of England, which caused much dam age to crops. Emperor Napoleon bas decided not to re ceive the address of welcome which it bad been proposed to tender bim, except at tbe express wish of tbe British nation. Tba strike at Newcastle continues and many striking workmen are emigrating. la the House of Commons to-day, Vernon Harcourt made a violent attack on tbe Gov ernment for tbe use it had made of tbe royal prerogative on tbe purchase question.' London, August 16. Advices from Paris say tbe city is in an excited situation, and great trouble is apprehended from various sources. To-day is the fete of Napoleon I, and tbe air is full of rnmors that tbe army will revolt against the Versailles govern ment and Assembly, and declare Gen. McMa bon regent of tbe empire: ' People are leav ing fans in a stampede. Tniers bas no mends, be ts bated by Republicans, Royal ists and Imperialists alike. A crisis is ap proaching. Yokehom a, Japan, August 15. A heavy tornado visited Coba on the 4th inst. Four hundred lives lost; also several vessels wrecked, including the Pride of tbe Thames captain, two mates and steward drowned. Wabhinston, August 14. $863,000,000 la coin, and $4,760,000 - in currency in tbe Treasury. J. C. Bancroft is appointed agent for tbe United States at Geneva, in arbitration un der tbe treaty of Washington. Ku-Klux evidence now in the hands of printers makes 2000 printed pages. DOMESTIC NEWS. Washington, August 15. Secretary of the Treasury to-day decided, Ibat under tbe late reports of Pleasanton in . relation of in terest on coupons of corporations, question of collecting tax on dividends and undivided profits of corporations was not touched open. Therefore, tax o i dividend profits for the last rive months or 1870, will be at once assessed and collected. Tbe official statement for tbe fiscal year ending June 30: Receipts from customs, $206,250,000 ; internal revenue, over $143, 000,000; public lands and miscellaneous, $31,5C0,00O. Expenditures, civil and mis cellaneous, $69,500,000; war, $35,760,000; navy, $19,500,000: Indians, $7,750,000: pen sions, $34,850,000; interest on public debt, $291,000,000. Washington, August 16. Santanta and Big Tree's sentence of death bas been refer red to tbe Governor of Texas. Indian Com missioner recommends imprisonment for life. New Orlianb, August 15. Tbis morning's papers contain a call for a Republican mass meeting at Lafayette fcquare at eight o clock p. m., to ratify tbe proceedings of tbe late convention held at tbe Customhouse, and in viting all friends of President Grant who are opposed to the rulefof'tbe Warmouth faction. Tbe call is signed by order of Committee of Arrangements This evenmg s papers have a card suroed by Packard, Dunn and Casey, denouncing the above call as a hoax and a weak inven tion of tbe enemy, tbe bolters. Republicans should pay no attention te it New Yobe, August 14. Bavarian papers, received by overland mail via India, contain details of a dreadful calamity which visited the small island of Tagolauda, about fifty miles northeast of Celebes. An outburst ol volcano Ruwang was accompanied by a con- cusbiou of tbe sea. A wave forty yards bigb swept all human beings, cattle and horses from tbe island, number ot persons perished stated at 4 16. Cincinnati, August 14. Row at junction of Lake superior and Northern Pacific Kail road over the suppression of liquor traffic. Sheriff shot ; one rioter was killed and one wounded. Pittstoh, Peon., August 14. Explosion of bre dsmp in kagle shaft, operated by Alvan Tbompkin;. Twenty men were working iB tbe near gaog at the time of explosion, which tore away timbers supporting tbe roof, caus iog it to fall, leaving tbe men imprisoned behind tbe rock with no means of escape till the debris is cleared away. Benjamin Davis, working outside of near gangway, was killed by tbe explosion. 1 he men lmpnsoced are dead, or will be. ' It will take day or two to take tbe debris away. Nashville, August 14. Judge Baxter de cides the tax on lawyers unconstitutional. An appeal to Supreme Court will be taken Cleveland, Augnst 15. L rft Tcnngs- town, Ohio, burned eight small bouses and three children. San fRASCisco, August 15. A convict who bad served six of eight years sentence in tbe penitentiary, committed suicide by jumping into rat or boiling water. bverytbing is quiet in western Mexico. Phiiadilphia, August 15. A tbree hun dred thousand dollar defalcation is charged against tbe Pennsylvania war claim agent. Washinston, August 16. Commissioner Douglass to-day reversed the decision of lata Commissioner Pleasanton, abolishing the stamp iax on Insurance policies, and tba old decision imposing a tax upon such policies will be renewed. New York, An gust 17. A young Japanese who bas been here several months seeking ) education, is dying of consumption. THE STATESMAN. TUJK VBI.WaEKLT . Is published every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday evening. . TUB WEEKLY . -Is published erery Thursday afternoon. All b aliases correspondence, communica tions, etc, should be addressed to ST AT S3 V AIT PUBLISHING COMPANY, 1 AriTra-, TiXAS. - STATE ITC1TS. Tha projected Texas Pacific Bail Road will be 1,515 miles in length. The cotton worm has made its ap- pearance on Mill creek, "Washington county. . , We learn that this week corn sold on our streets at fifty cents per bushel. Colorado Citizen, 11th. At New Braunfels last Friday, tha 11th inst., the thermometer cot uo to 110 degrees, and on Tuesday it was 108, The Tjlet.Index complains about the- drouth and extreme heat, and says the crops are greatly injured in Smith county. " . The Paris Prett says the drouth has injured the cotton orop very ma terially in Lamar county, though cot ton looks well. . R. A.VanHorn, editor of the Corsicana Observer, is on his way to New York to get material for a daily isBue of his paper. The Guadalupe river is lower than at any past "time whereof the me- - C 1 J . - 1 1 - neth not to the contrary. Victory Advocate. Only precincts four and five cf Cook county are exempted from the operation of the law against carry-- ing concealed weapons, and not tbe whole county. Ellis County. At last accounts it had not rained in Ellis county for nearly three weeks. The grass and shrubs were dying, and trees of larger growth were languishing. The article of wood is very scarce in our city at tnia time. It seems that the breweries, bakeries, soap manufactories, iceriea, and the Gov ernment are controlling the market altogether. S. A. Herald. The Stevenson Club had a large meeting on Friday night and last night. We understand that Webb, need, .Nichols and other colored citizens handled Governor Davis, Clark, Ruby, Patten & Co., without gloves. Flake't Bulletin. Mr. John Cleiborne, who repre sents the popular house of P. J. Willis & Bro., paid our town a visit on last Friday. We were very much pleased to see him. He is full of wit and humor. R. R. Sentinel. There has been no Indian raid this moon, contrary to the expecta tions of the people in the country ; perhaps the drouth has dried up the water holes, and interfered with the line of retreat of the "gentle sava ges." &. A. Expra. . ; ; ' i The Bulletin says Galveston is still unusually healthy. The sanitary condition was probably never better than at tbe present time. The Health Inspectors have been vigilant in the discharge of the duties of their omces. For 'the first time in six months San Antonio has enjoyed a. soaking shower. Yesterday morning the rain descended and we would not be sur prised if the floods come. as the prospect is excellent. ' The people in the country have already received an installment. S. A. Ex., 17th. The fir8t4train of the Overland HTVo naif PnmrnTiw fvnm of the Missouri Kansas and Texas Railroad, arrived at Sherman a few days since loaded with goods direct from St. Louis. Sherman is to be the principal shipping point for North ern. Texas. From the best sources of informa tion we place trie cotton crop of Colo rado county at 7,500 bales. The cotton has stopped growing, and is maturing and opening very fast. Our corn crop is very fine, and a large surplus has been raised, which will supply the wants of all immigrants and less favored localities. Colora do Citizen, VI th. The Colorado Citizen says : "We never witnessed so large a meeting of the people in this county at apo uical meeting as that assembled on ast Thursday, 10th inst. Every section of the county was represented, and all classes ot our people were in attendance. The meeting passed off harmoniously, and to the satisfaction of all present. A platform of prin. ciples was adopted upon which every man can stand who is opposed to Radical misrule and corruption. Terrible Accident. Yesterday morning Mr. W. A. Patton, who re sided in the eastern part of our city, went down into his weU, in order to dig the basin a little deeper. The well is about forty feet deep, and when he had got down about thirty feet, he called to be drawn up, but immediately fell headlong out of the bucket in which he was standing. When taken out he was dead. It is supposed he was suffocated by damp. Dallas Herald. Among the representatives of the press at the New Braunfels "show" we noticed II. beele, representing Flake's Bulletin ; J. A. Hill, repre senting the Austin Statesman ; A. biemenng, ot the J?rae Press; J. Schutze, of the Vorwarts; C. G. Drummond, of the Nueces Valley: and C. B. Owslet. of tha Journal. There was also a representative from the Herald. The reporters are in debted to Mr. lSewcomb for seats inside the railing, paper, ink, etc. o. A.. Herald. More than ten weeks have passed since a good rain has fallen at tbis place or in the vicinity of from three to ten miles, the little sprinklings that we have had within the past two or three weeks being only sufficient to lay the dust, but of no benefit to the crops whatever. We have been living in East Texas for thirty-6ix years, and this is the longest drouth that we have any recollection of in that length of time. Farmers in the vicinity say that they cannot make more than a fourth or at least a third of a cotton crop, but will perhaps make enough corn for their own use. A larger yuld of both these will ba made in the northern portion of the county Trinity AdveriUer.