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The weekly democratic statesman. [volume] (Austin, Tex.) 1871-1883, August 24, 1871, Image 1

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THE STATESMAN.
TRI-WKEKLY DEMOCRATIC STATES at AN
insta eopy, one year . ,....
uileeo,elx uoatba J
siugm wpy, in munta.. f)
': WEEKLY DEMOCRATIC STATESMAN.
IDfUBOpT.OM J Ml a
--l nut...,, I J
Iiaaopla, ou yaw 1 H)
uvt mac ara pcle.
: ; Tbe Executive Committee.
, ; Tba Cuttil and Senatorial Executive Com
saittea chosen by tba Democratic State Con-
veution, str u follows :
. . A. S. WALL1X, Chairman
M. H. BOWERS, JOHM D. ELLIOTT,
w. m. "Walton b. a sheed.
Central Exeeative Committee. :
SaVATOBlAI. DISTRICTS.
1st Diauict E. B. Pick at t, Liberty.
2d , do S. B. Bewley, San Augustine,
3d ; do T. R. Bonner, Busk.
4th. do James W. Ewing, Palestine.
. 6tn do Jam H. Jones, Henderson.
6th do J. P. Douglas, Tyler.
1 Tth , do Jamai W. Pope, Marshall.
. fib do H. P. afabry, JeSerion.
9th. . do W. B. Wright, ClarkerUle.
: 10th do . Win, A. Wortham, Hopkins.
11th do 8. B. Maze y, Paris.
12th do : R. L. Fulton, Galveston.
; 13th do P. E. Pearesoo, Richmond.
14th do . J. W. Henderson, Houston, .
. lfitb do J. M. Mtxey, Huntsville. .
; 16th do 9 8eth Sbeppard, Brenham. .
; 17th do ' G. J. Goodwin, Bryan. '
- 18th do A. W. Terrel, Calvert.
19th do Capt. Gearge Clark,Waco.
20tb do C. H. Winkler, Corsicaoa. '
21st : do John Hanna, Dallas.
; 22d do E. T. Brougbton, Sherman.
. 13d do . , W. K. Hughes, Weatherford,
,24th do R. M. Forbes, Calhoun.
25th . do Wells Thompson, Columbus.
:26th. do J. D. Sayers, Bastrop.
27th do . W. D. S. Cook, Gonxales.
28th do J. W. Posey, Georgetown. '
39th do C. Upson, San Antonio.
30th i do . J. B. Carpenter,Corpas Ohristi.
TO THE DEMOCRACY OF TEXAS,
". The Democratic State Contention that as
sembled in Austin last January, after tbe
ados lion of Its platform, passed the follow
, log resolution :
"Suolved, That the Central Executive
'Committee be, and they are hereby in
i atroeted to take immediate steps to raise, by
.joint stock or otherwise, a fand, and at the
-earliest possible time establish a central
organ to be under tbe control of a committee
- of three to be selected by the Central Com
ml t tee. Which resolution was adopted."
- A meeting of tba Staie Executive Com
" miltea was held in tbe city of Austin aubse
' quest to the adjournment of tbe Contention,
, . at which meeting the State Executire Com
mittee passed a resolution directing the fonr
. resident members of tbe Central Executive
- Committee in Austin and the Chairman to
carry out the resolution of tbe Convention
, by the establishment of a Central Demo
cratic Paper.
' In accordance with tbe resolution of tbe
Convention and of the Execntive Committee
. at large, tbe undersigned report that, tbey
, have entered into arrangements with tbe
' " Statesman Publishing Company" to publiih
a Democratic newspaper in Austin to be
. ; etjled the Dehooratio Statesman, which
paper will be sound in its support ot Demo
cratic Doctrine. ' Under tbe management of
I editors, counseling with a competent com
mittee, the undersigned trust that tbe paper
: will, in all respects, meet with the approba
tion and support of tbe Democracy of Texas.
We earnestly solicit, for the interests of
the. party, that every member of tbe Demo
: cratic Executive Committee, and Democrats
" at large, use their influence to extend tbe
' circulation of the paper.
A. S. WALKER,
' j Chairman Democratic State Ex. Com.
8. G. 8miD,
Wh. V. Walton, V Central Committee.
, M. H. Bowiri, j
Austin, Tfiai, July 20, 1871.
- Saint Louis bas been selected as tbe
city in which to hold the next National
Democratic Convention.
The Hon. J. C. Conner and hia com
petitor, Judge Bryant, have agreed to
canvas the Second Congressional Dis
trict together.
Sain. Bain has fallen at San Anto
nio, Giddings, Round Rock aad other
points. We hope and believe it is gen
eral throughout the State.
Pithy. A gentleman writes to the
Liberty Observer, from Moscow, Polk
county, on tbe 3d inat , and gives this
.item: "Weather warm. Occasional
showers. Crops good. Oood health,
peace and quiet ; but everybody is cus
sing tbe taxes aud damning the school
law." 'We sympathize with our friends
of Polk.
Thanes. We are under obligations
to Mr. J. W. Fleming, of San Saba
county, for the interest he has taken
in behalf of the Statesman. Through
his efforts we now have over thirty
subscribers in that county, with the
promise that this number will be
doubled before many weeks. When
such men as Fleming give this evi
dence of their appreciation of our
efforts in the Democratic cause, we are
encouraged to go on, for we kuow we
arc right. No purer Democrat, and no
more influential mau lives in that sec
tion than J. W. Fleming.
TAXES t TAXES t!
Tax payers of Travis county look at
these figures and see the manner in
which you are to be placed by the Davis
Alexander Radical administration.
. Tbe ad valorem, school, road and
bridge, frontier bond and poll taxes for
the current year for Travis county are
$145,384 13.
Ths taxes under the eld law was about
1T,000.
Look at the difference more than
Elgnt Times
As much as formerly !
Who is responsible for this oppres
ive robbery ? Who gels the benefit ?
Davis and his horde of carpet baggers,
policemen, supernumeraries and miu
iona, who are ready to do his work in
holding power in the State bul you
must pay it ! How long, O Cataline,
wilt thou abuse our patience !
Ta tbe Democracy of Texas.
We have been requested by the
Chairman of the Central Executive
Committee of the Democratic party
Bon. A. S. Walker, to urge Democrat
ic journals throughout the State to
publish a list of the names of the chair
man and committees, with postoffice
address, in their counties and in adjoin
icg counties where there are no Demo
cratic papers published, and please
forward the same to him at Austin.
Also to appeal to the Democracy to
organize county and precinct commit
tees all over tbe State where they are
not already tftablisUeJ.
Tbe importance ot' this organization
and the information of it by the Cen
tral Executive Committee, will be re
cognized by all Democrat.
Democratic papers throughout the
SUte will please notice this request.
VOL. I.
The "ISew Departure."
Tbe question is sometimes aeked by
those who Lave not read the paper,
"Is the Democratic Statesman a New
Departure Journal V '
' Upon that snbject our answer is
short, plaiu and to the point no !
This paper is planted on tbe Demo
cratic Platform adopted by the general
convention which met at the city of
Austin, January 23, 1871.. There is
no such idea or expression in it. We
can neither be begged, nor driven into
any kind of departure from it.
In fighting the common esemy, an
invitation is extended 4o all good men
"whatever may have been their past
political preferences, to unite with the
Democratic party in removing from
place and power those who now control
the State Government, in order to re
lease the people from oppressive reve-
me and unequal taxation, to insure an
honest administration of the laws and
an honest and economical expenditure
of the public moneys and to throw the
aegis of justice and protection over the
person and property of every indivi
dual whatsoever in the State of Texas,"
in the language of the platform itself.
We fight standing on that platform,
and most earnestly desire that every
good man within the broad limits of
the State, will come to our help, and
the help of the Democracy, to aid in
putting a stop to the vice, demoraliza-
f
tion, and crime, now aany, 11 not
hourly, perpetrated by the thieves,
robbers, and cut throats, who in one
shape aud auother control the State
Government. As a Democratic paper,
we support the Democratic party as
now organized in Texas, on the plat
form before mentioned, adding nothing
thereto takinjr nothing therefrom.
A strong, unscrupulous and vindictive
. . . ti .
enemy, is in our ironi, our mow a are
at him. We : have no quarrel with
friends. The platform is our common
ground. If we act together our united
strength will Burely overcome the foe.
When the victory has been won, it will
be time enough to discuss what shall,
or shall not go into, and make part of
the next platform, State and National.
When such platforms shall be adopted,
this paper will be found standing "flat
footed" on them, and working with all
ts power to achieve success for the
party, and upholding its standards.
A Contrast.
The theory of the Democratic party
is that all persons, magistrates and peo
ple, officers and citizens are bound by
imitations and entitled to the benefits of
the guarentees of the Constitution.
The theory of the Radical party is
that in the administration of the State
Government, the Legislature is not
bound by, limited, or controlled by any
of the provisions of the Conititution.
These liberal guarantees were pur
chased with the lives of patriot and
our people have ever looked upon them
aa the palladium of their liberties.
Texans, are you prepared to surren
der into the bands of official tyrants,
the right of trial by jury ; and in crim
inal persecution the right to a "speedy
public trial by an impartial Jury''
security in your house against all seiz
ures or search, except on warrant
founded on affidavit the right to the
privileges of the writ of habeas corpus,
the right to keep and bear arms in
the lawful defense of yourself; the
right to assemble together in a ' peace
able manner for your common good; the
right to have all laws contrary to those
Constitutionally guaranteed provis
ions declared void? Are you prepared
to submit to unjust and illegal taia
tion to sustain in their stolen luxury
a corrupt and bloated band of public
thieves, who are rioting on the money
they are stealing from you, and claim
irg to have control . of your State
Government? Are you prepared to
surrender all your aucieiit rights and
become abject slaves to corrupt and
groveling tyranny? If not, then come
to the polls and aid in wresting from
our oppressors their ursurped power,
and restoring our State to good gov
ernment, peace and order.
A petition to the Senate and House
of Representatives of the Legislature
of the State of Texas, signed by many
citizens of the county of Liberty, most
earnesly and urgently requesting that
body upon reassembling in September
next, to pass a law authorizing and re
quiring an election for members of the
Legislature, and all other elective offi
cere, and as this is the only question
of vital interest to the people, then to
adjourn sine die.
"Little'' Conner has been fleecing
his opponent, Bryant, we learn from
a friend at Gr anbury. The meeting
at that point was very large and
enthusiastic, and Bryant's chances, all
the while hopeless, grow continually
less.
The latest reports fram Kentucky
foot up a majority for the Democracy
of fifty thousand instead of thirty
These Radicals smell the spoils like
the battle alar.
Ths people of Fayette County
have come to tbe determination to
refuse payment of the School tax.
fully realizing the impostbility of a
great majority of the citizens being
able to pay.
-- - -
The Cincinnati Industrial Exhibition
fur '71, offer $2450 asspecial premiums
on cotton aloue. Two hundred and
rittj dollars are offered for the best
kale of Texas cotton, and one hun
dred for the secctd best.
DEM
Liability of GoTernment Ota
cers, State and Federal, to
Private Cltr.ieiii for Illegal
Act of CemtnUalen ' aad
Omission
In speaking lately in this paper of
the illegal aad unconstitutional acta of
the officials of this State, we have bad
occasion, incidentally, on several oc
casions, to refer to the principles of law
guarding the personal and pecuniary
rights of the citizen, and the corres
ponding liability of all official persona
to answer, both civilly and criminally
for all illegal acts by which the public,
or particular individuals Buffer injury
or loss. Believing as we do, that this
subject is bat little understood by oar
people, and wholly overlooked by offi
cials not only in Texas, but throughout
all the South, and perhaps tbe whole
United States, wo are bappy to be
able to lay before our readers a very
full and clear expositiou of the. sub
ject, as adjudicated by American courts
particularly the United States court
of claims, and all the high courts of
England, both of law and equity.
This learned and timely exposition
of this most important department
of the law of all civil society
and of all governments, whether Re
publican or monarchical, was prepared
for and published in, perhaps, by far
the most able and authoritative Radi
cal journal in the United States the
"Nation" of July 27, 1871, (p. 52-53,)
published in New York. We hope our
readers will do themselves the justice
to read and remember tbe great prin
ciple involved for without this funda
mental maxim of law, the citizen
would be at the mercy of tbe official,
and all claims to legal rights would be
bat a mockery, because the enjoyment
by the citizen of any right would de
pend upon the favor or caprice of the
official, which would be tantamount to
no rights of any kind. We also sug-
croat tn all th nffioiala in thin
t" -..
o.-- i u n j i
.' . . ..... ,
bummest appointee, to study una sud-
ject, as well for their own safety as
for the sake of right and jastice. Let
them all take notice that officers of
. , u . i
government, of all grades, are only
public servants ana not masters, iney
,
are as much under the law of society
as the humblest citizen in the land
and may be punished criminally lor
I
all hreachPS of the criminal law. and
mulcted in damages for all unlawful in-
uries to individuals, of pefson or pro
perty. That the courts of Texas will
refuse to enforce this important branch
of the law. we will not believe until
convinced by actual experience-
Whenever and wherever the courts of
countv refuse to enferce the law
against a man on the ground that he is
6 . ... , .
an omce noiaer, ana tnereiore anove
the law no oiner remeay remains to
the subject or citizen but open rebel-
lion, no matter how desolating and
-I
..i .- u . I
" . ;,
"forbearance ceases to be a virtue,
because, in the estimation of an intclli-
cent freeman the loss of civil liberty is
a far greater calamity than the loss of
property or even life itself. "Give me
tr r J 1
iberty, or give me death, said the
great Patrick Henry, when advising
his countrymen to open rebellion
against tbe tyranny of King George the
111 and this noble sentiment, as
natural as it is noble, will ever, as
then, meet with a hearty response in
the breast of every intelligent man
who has ever enjoyed civil and politi
cal liberty. Our people must more
earnestly and more thoroughly study
the real nature and great extent of
their undertaking, to secure to them
selves and their posterity tbe blessings
of civil liberty, by means of con
stitutional government, made and
executed by and for themselves. It is
avowedly the greatest possible under
taking, and must needs require the
most perfect vigiltince and earnest ef
fort. All history proves this to be
strictly true.
Tbe able paper we refer to appears !
unon another case, to wnicn we can
attention "The Anclo-Saxon Judge.'
a a '
Judge Bryant, the Radical nominee.
made a puny effort at a speech, while
the Hon. J. C. Conner made a splendid
SDeech. The Democrat says:
" Our mind continually reverted to
the boy of Ashland and to Randolph,
while this little hero was hurling mas-
ter thunderbolts into tbe Radical
camp. He handled without gloves all
the leading topics of the day central
ism, taxes, corruption, etc., etc.
On Wednesday 9th inst. there was
a errand rally of the Democracy at
Waxahachie, of which the Demacrat
says:
" When we saw the unbounded, un
limited, tremendous enthusiasm that
prevailed on tbe occasion of tbe bar
becue, which came on last Wednesday
the 9th inst, our feelings overflowed
and we felt like giving one long aud
continuous shout for the glorious and 1
tried old principles that have ofttimes,
in the pristine glory ot the past, led
ua io uaiue aim Yiciury.
The San Antonio Herald says that
before the late New Braunfels Con
vention, the Hon. E. Degener
was in full sympathy and concert with
Senator Hamilton Tbe Herald re
marks.
"We judge that it was a mighty
tight squeeze that the Baron was
iorcea to tafce the pill, tor there are
persons in this city who saw and read
a cut and dried speech, prepared by
the Baron to be delivered before the
New Braunfels Convention in which he
gave Davis' leading measures particu
lar fits' It is therefore clear that but
ine .Tim m u T jvs: Atxti it' a narciotinnr
V - v lUMuay - .aw rw u tv a a g "' abUVJ
Degener would be riiumog lor Con
gresa on a platform of h; own, ignoring
the Davis orttUt, and claiming to favor
measures ot reTona, light taxes, ko.v
AUSTIN, TEXAS, THURSDAY, AUGUST 24, 1871.
"Radical Bobbery."
Under this title, the Washington
Patriot collates tbe facts and figures
of the finances of several Southern
States under Radical rule. . The result
is astonishing. For instance. Ten.
neasee has had her public debt increased
by 137,527,494 03, since 1861. The
value of the property of the State has
diminished seventy-eight aed one-balf
millions in value, and yet the aug
mented debt is seven fold. In 1861,
the rate of taxation was fifteen cents
per one hundred dollars, and thirty-five
cents on each poll. In 1871, the rate
of taxation is sixty cents per one hun
dred dollars on property aud fifty cents
on each poll for school purposes. "It
is hardly possible to regard this ex
posure with patience,' says the Patri
ot, "even in the presence of the cold
but astounding figures." ' In Texas, as
our readers are already well aware, the
"Radical robbing" is on a far more
gigantic scale. ' Instead of sixty cents
to the hundred dollars, the Comptrol
ler assures us.' that two dollars and
twenty-five cents to the hundred dol
lars is imposed by the Davis-Alexander
administration upon the people of
Texas more than three times as much
as tbe infamous . old ' blackguard,
Brownlow, extorted from the people of
Tennessee. We suppose that our rob
bers and tyrants are determined to so
impoverish -our people as to render it
impossible for them to throw off these
robbers as the Tennaseeans have done.
We have not space to-day for a
synopsis of the injustices perpetuated
upon the people of South Carolinat
Georgia and North Carolina, but will
take an early occasion to do so. , We
conclude in the forcible language of
the Patriot : j
Fo expose effectively the organized
system of plunder and outrage, with
which Radical rule has effected the
South, wherever a foothold was even
temnorarilv obtained, requires patient
. r - r , ?
ana careiut lnvesuKaiiuu. . oumc w
these States the plunderers have stnv
eQ t CQTer lheir tracks. in others,
tQ authorize corrupt abuses by the
form of law, and in others still, they
nave boldly seized upon the treasury
and taxes, with the simple "stand and
1 ,.e ' a ,,...' Rppnn
UW a I vwa va mm ,
8truction has been the ereat element
0f strength, in perfecting a political
conspiracy, which had plunder for its
exclusive object. Ana loyalty nas
1 .3 .fl-:An n -, that Vio nTAVat
P' u r.V . "T"
confederates and cut-throats, against
whom every honest man s hand was
raised, are to-day the representatives
of that sentiment of Congress, or the
ehosen instruments of Federal despot
ism, for the persecution of the South
ern people.
We have alreany exposea tue Dare-
faced and monstrous robbery ot South
Carolina and Texas, by a crew of rogues
aua tn.eves sue. a bo P"""""
contains today. They and their m-
BtrHmeEt3) and the means employed to
oppress, pillage, and torture a people,
already outraged by Federal tyrauoy,
. a . a 1
are the ioulest wot on moaern civiu-
nzauon. ine worsi loriua oi vaiiuujuu-
urn in France have been rendered re
BDectable by contrast with these "loy
ai" knaves. There was at least the
excuse of hot Dassion and violent re
Uenge for the Communists; but the
carpei-uaggera uav .u w.u
An1 xrirh a-a1milatinnr mftllPf matured
crime8 wnicn are all the more infa
mus for having been perpetrated in
the name of "moral ideas.
Killing at Bastrop.
We learn from a gentleman jusifrom
Bastrop the following particulars of
the difficulty there on Monday evening
after the votinsr was over. . A son of
Mr. Frauk Yoast got into a fight with
a negro, when Mr. Yoast rode up and
drawing his pistol demanded, a fair
fight, threatening to shoot any one who
interfered. Messrs. Green and Burle
son did interfere and separated them,
when Sheriff Jung aud a policeman at
tempted to arrest Frank Yoast, who
was fired at from behind by Mr. War
uer another policeman. Yoast then
fired three shots, his six shooter having
only three loads in it, killing Warner,
but only striking the clothes of Jung
and the other policeman.
Mrs. Halter, a lady subject to bemor
rhage ot the lungs, came out ot a
house near by and becoming excited
from hearing or seeing the difficulty,
on returning to her house, fell on the
steps ana in aooui nan an uour uuei-
wards died from internal bleeding.
A air. rrocop ana a luacmmsi were
shot and wounded in the legs and hip
accidentally by the deceased police
man when firing at Yoast.
Politics as far aa we can learn had
but nothing to do with the occurrance
which was caused by mean whisky,
and is to be regretted by all
City Cbarter.
Bv the Citv Charter a tax on all
property in the city subject to taxa
tion, not to exceed one-twelfth of one
per cent, is authorized. There is now
being collected one-half of one per
cent, or six times the amount authoriz
ed by law. Are the tax payers pre
pared to submit to. this robbery? Wil
they qUjetiy yjeld to this illegal de-
. , i,:; f P,;l
lUUUU til a buuiuiuaiiuu ui iiL.un.-t . y
pointees who only want the money
that they may apply it to their own in
dividual use? We are not advised as
to whether this robbery is directed by
the City Council, or whether it is the
dictation of J. W. Glenn, who claims
to be Mayor and the man who is now
compelling the payment of this money
A majority of tbe board of alder
men as it is now organized, are honest
men and will do right. If the counci
is responsible for this pluuder, then we
call upon Aldermen Robinson, Eggles
ton, Brneggerhoff, Buaas, Bremond and
Mussina, to come to the rescue of the
people, and stop these thieves and rob
bers from further stealing of the bard
earnings of the tax oppressed citizens.
AT v
Oar City Taxes.
We would most respectfully call the
attention of the Mayor and Aldermen
of our city to the assessment now be
ing made by our city assessor upon all
city property. . We would like to know
by what authority he assesses property
at its present value, when our charter
says in article twenty five, that the
value of property on the first Monday
in J anuary, of each year, shall govern
the years assessment, or rather that
the assessment shall be made at that
time. We would also suggest that
our city charter be strictly construed
and that only one twelfth of one per
cent., instead of one half of one per
cent, should be the amount of city tax
assessed.
The late report of our Mayor was a
masterly one a perfect masterpiece I
He deserves gri at credit for it; ' and
the Aldermen are the right men in the
right places,bnt will they pleaseexplaiu
this city tax so that citizens may not
suffer this great imposition. We al-1
ready are taxed most heavily,and to be
forced illegally to pay money ont of
our pockets to support city policemen,
State policemen and State guards who
are used as instruments of oppression,
is indeed hard.
When we look at the past use of the
money paid into the city treasury as
well as into the State treasury, it
seems that our people should be most
vigilant of their rights. Shall we
quietly submit and pay unjust taxes,
and support a standing arm' in time of
peace, and thus perpetuate the odious
and tyrannical party now in power ?
" Radical Robbery."
Under this head the Washington
Patriot shows that under the admin
istration of Governor Bullock, State
bonds of the State of Georgia to the
amount of forty-five millions of dol
lars have been issued. The public
debt of the State, including all bonds
issued before 1869, was $6,554,450.
It is now no less than fifty millions
seven hundred and thirty-seven thou
sand four hundred and fifty dollars!
(150,437,450.)
Says tbe Patriot: "The facts pre
sented by Mr. Angar, the treasurer of
the State, before the committee of
investigation here (in Washington
city) are astonishing, and reveal a sys
tem of plunder,, deep in audacity, de
fiance of law, ao4 " contempt of public
opinion, exceeding any thing yet exhibi
ted, outside cf South Carolina." When
we examine these revelations, and re
member tbe education and spirit of tbe
people, who have -been thus pillaged
by a band of political highwaymen,
the question is natural, how they
have borne such thieving tyranny in
tranquility.? If a tenth part of these
iniquities bad been attempted in any
Northern or Western State a popular
uprisisg would have been inevitable
And the highest proof that peace has
been preferred to violence, .t any
sacrafice, is that Bullock, Blodget,
Cameron, Delano, and others, have'
entered lato a new conspiracy, by
which the State will be robbed of
half a million a year for their personal
pront. verily toe itaaicai rule in
Georgia and Texas are of a piece.
We hope these exposures may lead
to the total overthrow of these corrupt
public plunderers. So be it.
' Austin, August 18, 1871.
Hod. A. Bladioe, Comptroller:
Sir Will you be kind enough to
furnish me with the true figures as to
what is therate of present taxation,
giving me tbe various items which
enter into the rate.
Very respectfully,
W. M. Walton.
Austin, August 18, 1871.
Hon. Wm. M. Walton, Austin :
Sir In reply to your favor of the
17th inst., requesting "the true fig
ures as to what is the rate of present
taxation, I hand you the following,
as being approximately correct :
Annual direct State ad valorem
tai
60
Annual poll tax for ichool pur
poses
1 30
Annual poll tax for road and
bridges
1 00
Annual direct county ad valorem
tax
25
25
Annual county road and bridge
tax
Annual district school tax
Annual district school tax levied
12$
m
by school directors
Frontier tax
05
00
Occupation tax say 300,000
Tbe two polls estimated at 300.000 00
The total tax then may be estima
ted tor ail purposes at $z za per
hundred dollars.
Very respectfully,
A Bledsoe, Comptroller
The Allegan (Mich.) Democrat,
says :
Texas is one of the most mis-gov
erned States, at the present time, in
the Union. Ihe taxes there are very
high ; the rnlers are incompetent
and venal, and the only thing that
keeps the State from being utterly
impoverished is tbe fertility and ex
tent ot us boh. A negro named
Gaines, now a State Senator, who is
ambitious of a seat in Congress, in
a recent speech thus coollyannounces
why the taxes were so high :
" Much is said about taxes, and
the Democrats say they are groaning
under them. Glad of it. Let tbem
groan. I have got $2,000 worth o
property, and I like to pay taxes on
it. its my privilege. Ion can
buy any land. They won't sell it to
you. 1 oar old masters didn t rive
you any land or horses. The United
States failed to confiscate them, and
the Constitution failed too. There
is no way left bat to tax and -sell, so
as to get cheap homes. If there is
any virtue in taxation, we will tax
and tax, until we tax them out of
their landa."
STA.
nnim
1 msi
Tbe Honorable Mayor, and tbe
Honorable Board of Alder
men or tb.li city.
For tha Damoetatla Butaraua 1
Geutlemen I clairbe right to
call your attention yisions
of the City ChalrL.,
Uh
Lag, in
levying taxes upon property and per
sons in. the corporate limits of the
city of Austin.
The i original charter authorized
the city board to levy one-half of one
per cent, on all taxable property in
said city; that continued to be the
authority for some years. The citi
xena of Austin petitioned the Legis
vui Lfvnsi wm iiu x.au j-
lature of 1862, to amend the char
ter that the city board could not
make a levy of city tax higher than
one-twelfth of one per cent. The
legislature granted the petition, and
so amended the charter.
The city board continued to make
their levies under the amended char
ter for eeyeral years. The city board
made an application to Gen. Canby,
the then Military Commander of the
Fifth Military District, to suspend
the special provision of the amended
charter, and to authorize the city
board tv mio or-lcf j lu accuraauutfi
with the provisions in the original
charter. The charter was thus
amended by a military order. The
board jthen made a levy on the city
property of one-fourth of one per
cent. The authority given by the
military authority was good, bo long
aa the military authority continued,
but no longer, bo soon as the mili
tary authority was withdrawn, the
provision in the amended charter was
virtually revived in full force, as a
part of the organic law of the city.
When the city authorities undertake
to force the collection of city taxes,
under the present levy, they will find
that they reckoned without their host.
They will only be able to collect one-
twelfth of one per cent, under tbe
provision of the amended charter. If
they act otherwise, one-half of the
cases will be taken into the courts of
the county. The city will have to
pay the cost of suit, and will be sub
ject to an action ot damage to the
rty injured.
Well, gentlemen, I can see but one
way that you can be relieved from
i i t -.
your present awKwara condition,
that is, to carry your case up to tbe
foot-stool of sovereign power, lay
.a A TT T 1
your case at the teet ot ins .ftxcei-
ency : he is the concentrated HEAD
of all the civil and military power in
the State: he is an accomplished
Tinker in email matters. I think
he will have skill sufficient to mani
pulate you out of your present enap.
Try him, gentlemen, he possesses a
arge stock or that kind ot skill.
He has long been dealing in that
pettyfoging way. Tax Payee.
Tbe ' Darls-McFaddln Affair.
To tba Editor of tbe Demooratlc Statesman:
Governor Davis has lately been
engaged in a little reconstruction
business in the lhirty-second Judi
cial District. In this instance it
seems Radical sagacity bad not been
quite so acute as usual, and the mor
al conduct of one of the appointees
was ratner too notorious for the ex
panded ideas of the' great party of
progress.
As waa stated in a late issue ot the
Statesman, after Lewis became
Judge of the above district,-McFadi
din received the appointment, through
Governor Davis, of course, of Dis
trict Attorney for the same, and at
once qualified and entered upon the
duties of his office. However, Mc-
Faddin performed but few of these
duties, for scarcely two weeks had
elapsed when one (Andrew Jackson?)
Vaughn, with colors flying probably
more conspicuously than ever those
of his great namesake, dashed into
the field and triumphantly took post
session of it. McFaddin was thun
derstruck, and the people of William
son shook their heads in wonder ;
but the following facts tell the tale :
When the Radical meeting was
held at Georgetown for the purpose
of electing delegates to the New
Braunfels Convention McFaddin did
not present himself. He was off at
tending to more important duties
working for the good of men a souls,
and feeling fully satisfied, no doubt,
that those of Newcomb and his
mixed confreres were already con
signed, he thought it best to devote
himself to such as were not already
lost. - McFaddin performed more the
part of a good Christian than of a
zealous Kadical: and as it is very
well settled in Radical ethics, that
political come before moral duties,
McFaddin at once fell from grace
Now were I in McFaddin's place,
I would not care one iota about the
sequel to this affair, but would be
greatly exercised in regard to the
cause. 1 have heard it said by those
who knew the man well, that he is a
gentleman of considerable worth,
has been always well thought ot Dy
his acquaintances, and respected in
his own community ; and hereby
should hang said reflections deser
tion, ingratitude, and the injured
feelings of his friends. Yet, as the
heart has not been sufficiently tam
pered with, the good left about it
may yet wake this man to the enor
mitv of his error, and he may thank
heaven that Davis's malice saved
him from corruption, and his eoul,
will venture to say, from damnation
Let him return to his friends, who,
in
the generosity of their noble
hearts, will "make merry," and say
"this thy brother was dead, and is
alive aeain ; and was lost, and is
found."
Let McFaddin not grieve over the
loss of his omce, but rather fee
happy that he has been released from
Radical stocks. It is quite certain
that he still ha3 a right to the office
by law, but having had a taste of the
! party's treachery, hs nobler senti
ments ehuuli now induce mm to
work for the better day which is
rapidly tpi. reaching, when men
worth aad standing will be respected
rather than kicked aoout by xtadica
tyrants, excommunicated and insult
ed whenever they raise their hands
against the party lata. C.
NO. 4.
TELEGRAPHIC.
FOBEIGir NKWI. ' '
Lohdob, August 16. Tba meeting of tha
Emperors and their advisers at Oaatiea it
generally regarded aa a pledge of peace. The
French pretend to be indifferent to the meet
ing, and or "-e anJHanca between
France as
Loiidoh, Ac6 'deputation of citi
zens appointed to tiaiix and to thank tha
people for tba aid give iJt tba relief of tha
wounded during tbe, war with Prussia, has
arrived. The people of Doblin art wild with
excitement, and roads leading to tha stopping
place of tbe Frenchmen have become impas
sable because of the crowds. Ob Wednesday
night tha city bands, tha performers dressed
in green, marched to tbe hotel where tha
Frenchmen were stopping, and Dlared Ameri
can, Irish and French national airs, alto soma
Fenian tunes. No interference by tba police.
Deputation reached Shelbonrn hotel at three
o'clock, and in response to-tbe calls, came
out on the balcony, afarlin, member of Pars
lUment, made an address to the crowd.
Paris, August 10. It is rumored that tbe
right wing of the Assembly offered tba presi
dency of France to Duke d'Aomale, and that
be refused it. -
Lohoom, August 18. In Konlgsbarg, Prus
sia, on tbe 14th, 62 persons were attacked
with tbe cholera ; 22 died.
Vsesaillis, August 17. Tbe ; election
committee, to whom was referred (be prolon-
gation'of Thiers' termioril
tun uiouusiuou V TO o.
Paris, August 17. Tbe sword subscribed
by Alsace residents of New York for General
Ulnc, defender of Strasburg, was presented
tbe General to-day. In accepting tbe gift of
bis countrymen in America, Gen. Ulric said
be would only draw the sword when an at
tempt waa made to reconquer provinces
which bad been torn from France by results
of tbe war.
London, August 17. In the House of Lords
to-day, tbe Qseen'a assent to tbe army regu
lation bill was announced. . .
In the House of Commons, Visconnt Bu-
field, Under Secretary of Foreign Affairs,
said searching investigation had been ordered
into tbe recent murder of six Englishmen in
Peru.
A dispatch from Sawalki, Poland, says
cases of cholera are decreasing. In that
town, whose population does not exceed six
thousand, about one half of whom are Jews,
there bare been 453 cases of the disease.
Berlin, August 18. Cholera bas appeared
in tbe neighborhood. At Komgsburg, on
Tuesday, there were 70 new cases and 34
deaths, and Wednesday 80 new cases and 27
deaths.
London, August 14. Demand of French
Government reported for extradition of Com
munist, who have taken refuge on British
soil. Rep'y of English Cabinet said to be
decided refusal.
Dispatch from Rome reports Kins; Victor
Emanuel had a narrow escape from death
while bunting wild boars.
London, Aoeust 15. The U. S. bonds o
1881 have risen considerably in Frankfort in
conseqennce of tbe success of new Treasury
arrangements.
Case of cbolera appeared in London, aud
creates extraordinary sensation among the
people. Dispatch frem Berlin says cholera
is increasing in Konigsburg.
Heavy thunder storms experienced in tbe
west of England, which caused much dam
age to crops.
Emperor Napoleon bas decided not to re
ceive the address of welcome which it bad
been proposed to tender bim, except at tbe
express wish of tbe British nation.
Tba strike at Newcastle continues and
many striking workmen are emigrating.
la the House of Commons to-day, Vernon
Harcourt made a violent attack on tbe Gov
ernment for tbe use it had made of tbe royal
prerogative on tbe purchase question.'
London, August 16. Advices from Paris
say tbe city is in an excited situation, and
great trouble is apprehended from various
sources. To-day is the fete of Napoleon I,
and tbe air is full of rnmors that tbe army
will revolt against the Versailles govern
ment and Assembly, and declare Gen. McMa
bon regent of tbe empire: ' People are leav
ing fans in a stampede. Tniers bas no
mends, be ts bated by Republicans, Royal
ists and Imperialists alike. A crisis is ap
proaching.
Yokehom a, Japan, August 15. A heavy
tornado visited Coba on the 4th inst. Four
hundred lives lost; also several vessels
wrecked, including the Pride of tbe Thames
captain, two mates and steward drowned.
Wabhinston, August 14. $863,000,000 la
coin, and $4,760,000 - in currency in tbe
Treasury.
J. C. Bancroft is appointed agent for tbe
United States at Geneva, in arbitration un
der tbe treaty of Washington.
Ku-Klux evidence now in the hands of
printers makes 2000 printed pages.
DOMESTIC NEWS.
Washington, August 15. Secretary of
the Treasury to-day decided, Ibat under tbe
late reports of Pleasanton in . relation of in
terest on coupons of corporations, question
of collecting tax on dividends and undivided
profits of corporations was not touched open.
Therefore, tax o i dividend profits for the last
rive months or 1870, will be at once assessed
and collected.
Tbe official statement for tbe fiscal year
ending June 30: Receipts from customs,
$206,250,000 ; internal revenue, over $143,
000,000; public lands and miscellaneous,
$31,5C0,00O. Expenditures, civil and mis
cellaneous, $69,500,000; war, $35,760,000;
navy, $19,500,000: Indians, $7,750,000: pen
sions, $34,850,000; interest on public debt,
$291,000,000.
Washington, August 16. Santanta and
Big Tree's sentence of death bas been refer
red to tbe Governor of Texas. Indian Com
missioner recommends imprisonment for
life.
New Orlianb, August 15. Tbis morning's
papers contain a call for a Republican mass
meeting at Lafayette fcquare at eight o clock
p. m., to ratify tbe proceedings of tbe late
convention held at tbe Customhouse, and in
viting all friends of President Grant who are
opposed to the rulefof'tbe Warmouth faction.
Tbe call is signed by order of Committee of
Arrangements
This evenmg s papers have a card suroed
by Packard, Dunn and Casey, denouncing
the above call as a hoax and a weak inven
tion of tbe enemy, tbe bolters. Republicans
should pay no attention te it
New Yobe, August 14. Bavarian papers,
received by overland mail via India, contain
details of a dreadful calamity which visited
the small island of Tagolauda, about fifty
miles northeast of Celebes. An outburst ol
volcano Ruwang was accompanied by a con-
cusbiou of tbe sea. A wave forty yards bigb
swept all human beings, cattle and horses
from tbe island, number ot persons perished
stated at 4 16.
Cincinnati, August 14. Row at junction
of Lake superior and Northern Pacific Kail
road over the suppression of liquor traffic.
Sheriff shot ; one rioter was killed and one
wounded.
Pittstoh, Peon., August 14. Explosion of
bre dsmp in kagle shaft, operated by Alvan
Tbompkin;. Twenty men were working iB
tbe near gaog at the time of explosion, which
tore away timbers supporting tbe roof, caus
iog it to fall, leaving tbe men imprisoned
behind tbe rock with no means of escape till
the debris is cleared away. Benjamin Davis,
working outside of near gangway, was killed
by tbe explosion. 1 he men lmpnsoced are
dead, or will be. ' It will take day or two
to take tbe debris away.
Nashville, August 14. Judge Baxter de
cides the tax on lawyers unconstitutional.
An appeal to Supreme Court will be taken
Cleveland, Augnst 15. L rft Tcnngs-
town, Ohio, burned eight small bouses and
three children.
San fRASCisco, August 15. A convict
who bad served six of eight years sentence
in tbe penitentiary, committed suicide by
jumping into rat or boiling water.
bverytbing is quiet in western Mexico.
Phiiadilphia, August 15. A tbree hun
dred thousand dollar defalcation is charged
against tbe Pennsylvania war claim agent.
Washinston, August 16. Commissioner
Douglass to-day reversed the decision of lata
Commissioner Pleasanton, abolishing the
stamp iax on Insurance policies, and tba old
decision imposing a tax upon such policies
will be renewed.
New York, An gust 17. A young Japanese
who bas been here several months seeking
) education, is dying of consumption.
THE STATESMAN.
TUJK VBI.WaEKLT .
Is published every Tuesday, Thursday and
Saturday evening. .
TUB WEEKLY . -Is
published erery Thursday afternoon.
All b aliases correspondence, communica
tions, etc, should be addressed to
ST AT S3 V AIT PUBLISHING COMPANY,
1 AriTra-, TiXAS.
- STATE ITC1TS.
Tha projected Texas Pacific Bail
Road will be 1,515 miles in length.
The cotton worm has made its ap-
pearance on Mill creek, "Washington
county. . ,
We learn that this week corn sold
on our streets at fifty cents per
bushel. Colorado Citizen, 11th.
At New Braunfels last Friday, tha
11th inst., the thermometer cot uo
to 110 degrees, and on Tuesday it
was 108,
The Tjlet.Index complains about
the- drouth and extreme heat, and
says the crops are greatly injured in
Smith county. " .
The Paris Prett says the drouth
has injured the cotton orop very ma
terially in Lamar county, though cot
ton looks well. .
R. A.VanHorn, editor of the
Corsicana Observer, is on his way to
New York to get material for a daily
isBue of his paper.
The Guadalupe river is lower than
at any past "time whereof the me-
- C 1 J . - 1 1 -
neth not to the contrary. Victory
Advocate.
Only precincts four and five cf
Cook county are exempted from the
operation of the law against carry--
ing concealed weapons, and not tbe
whole county.
Ellis County. At last accounts
it had not rained in Ellis county for
nearly three weeks. The grass and
shrubs were dying, and trees of
larger growth were languishing.
The article of wood is very scarce
in our city at tnia time. It seems
that the breweries, bakeries, soap
manufactories, iceriea, and the Gov
ernment are controlling the market
altogether. S. A. Herald.
The Stevenson Club had a large
meeting on Friday night and last
night. We understand that Webb,
need, .Nichols and other colored
citizens handled Governor Davis,
Clark, Ruby, Patten & Co., without
gloves. Flake't Bulletin.
Mr. John Cleiborne, who repre
sents the popular house of P. J.
Willis & Bro., paid our town a visit
on last Friday. We were very much
pleased to see him. He is full of
wit and humor. R. R. Sentinel.
There has been no Indian raid
this moon, contrary to the expecta
tions of the people in the country ;
perhaps the drouth has dried up the
water holes, and interfered with the
line of retreat of the "gentle sava
ges." &. A. Expra. . ; ; ' i
The Bulletin says Galveston is
still unusually healthy. The sanitary
condition was probably never better
than at tbe present time. The
Health Inspectors have been vigilant
in the discharge of the duties of their
omces.
For 'the first time in six months
San Antonio has enjoyed a. soaking
shower. Yesterday morning the rain
descended and we would not be sur
prised if the floods come. as the
prospect is excellent. ' The people
in the country have already received
an installment. S. A. Ex., 17th.
The fir8t4train of the Overland
HTVo naif PnmrnTiw fvnm
of the Missouri Kansas and Texas
Railroad, arrived at Sherman a few
days since loaded with goods direct
from St. Louis. Sherman is to be the
principal shipping point for North
ern. Texas.
From the best sources of informa
tion we place trie cotton crop of Colo
rado county at 7,500 bales. The
cotton has stopped growing, and is
maturing and opening very fast. Our
corn crop is very fine, and a large
surplus has been raised, which will
supply the wants of all immigrants
and less favored localities. Colora
do Citizen, VI th.
The Colorado Citizen says : "We
never witnessed so large a meeting
of the people in this county at apo
uical meeting as that assembled on
ast Thursday, 10th inst. Every
section of the county was represented,
and all classes ot our people were in
attendance. The meeting passed off
harmoniously, and to the satisfaction
of all present. A platform of prin.
ciples was adopted upon which every
man can stand who is opposed to
Radical misrule and corruption.
Terrible Accident. Yesterday
morning Mr. W. A. Patton, who re
sided in the eastern part of our city,
went down into his weU, in order to
dig the basin a little deeper. The
well is about forty feet deep, and
when he had got down about thirty
feet, he called to be drawn up, but
immediately fell headlong out of the
bucket in which he was standing.
When taken out he was dead. It
is supposed he was suffocated by
damp. Dallas Herald.
Among the representatives of the
press at the New Braunfels "show"
we noticed II. beele, representing
Flake's Bulletin ; J. A. Hill, repre
senting the Austin Statesman ; A.
biemenng, ot the J?rae Press; J.
Schutze, of the Vorwarts; C. G.
Drummond, of the Nueces Valley:
and C. B. Owslet. of tha Journal.
There was also a representative from
the Herald. The reporters are in
debted to Mr. lSewcomb for seats
inside the railing, paper, ink, etc.
o. A.. Herald.
More than ten weeks have passed
since a good rain has fallen at tbis
place or in the vicinity of from three
to ten miles, the little sprinklings
that we have had within the past two
or three weeks being only sufficient
to lay the dust, but of no benefit to
the crops whatever. We have been
living in East Texas for thirty-6ix
years, and this is the longest drouth
that we have any recollection of in
that length of time. Farmers in the
vicinity say that they cannot make
more than a fourth or at least a third
of a cotton crop, but will perhaps
make enough corn for their own use.
A larger yuld of both these will ba
made in the northern portion of the
county Trinity AdveriUer.

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