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The weekly democratic statesman. [volume] (Austin, Tex.) 1871-1883, October 10, 1878, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83021327/1878-10-10/ed-1/seq-1/

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T
J
t
TIII-J DAILY
IfpablUhcf every morcla' extepr .Vi.i"
publirhri every Thursday
All business cnrrerponii.-nc . osiina:.:i
et. should b atMrcnicd to
Aast'c. Tcil
M I SCE I. L A N Kit L 8.
3S
Jst'm mot riilsl in!nra rvfr urd fcy
iinrer fi-oia fmJi;onrirv fiio-n..
It J o.npoi-il of !i-'!h1 nr.xlurla,
wbirb liavee..ifcinr!liC't on t lie tt.ro.it
kuJ luii; lei.t hf IroulLrairci UtHll
irritating- mallrri causes It to he ri-
J-ctorated, und at onc check I be In
lamination which pro-lares the cough.
A single dosn relieve the tuotitdixtres-in-
paroxysm, oothee nrvnuanes,
and enable the uit'erer to enoy tniet
rest at uishu Beinir a pleasant oniiul.
It tone the weak stomach, and it
specially ret'ommcndetl for children.
. What others say about
- TutVs Expectorant.
HadAslhmaThirlyYears
Baltimore, Ftbrmary y, 1875.
I hire ntd A'tlima thirty yean, and never
found a incdicine that had enrh happv effect."
W. F. HOGAN, tk.H.s St
A Child's Idea of Merit.
Naw Oklx-ans, filovtmltr 11, 1S7U
"Tutt's Rxectorant if a familiar name in my
house. My wile thinks it the best medicine in the
' world, and the children say it a 'nicer thai
saGles rinHv.1
NOAH WOODWARD, 101 N. Poydra 8t
"Six, and all. Croupy."
" I am the mother of six children ; all or: her
have been crotipy, Without Tutt's Expectorant,
1 do n't think they could have survived some la
lue attack. It is a mother's blesMnfr."
MARY STEVENS, Frankfort, Ky.
A Doctor's Advice.
v In my practice, I advise all iuiiitl.es U keep
Toll's Expectorant, in sudden emergencies, lot
soughs, croup, dinhtbi-ria, etc."
T. P. ELLIS, M.D., N.wsrk, N. J.
Bold by all druggiitt. J'rirr 91 OO. Ofltc
US Murray Street, Aeur Xorli.
THE TREE IS KNOW!, M ITS FRUIT."
!
Tutt's Pills are worth their weight In wold."
, REV. L R. SIMPSON. Louisville, Ky.
Tutt's Pills are a special blessing oi the
nineteenth century."
REV. F. R. OSGOOD, New York.
" I hnve used Tuii's I'llis for torpor of the
liver. They are superior to any medicine tut
biliary disorders ever made."
I. P. CARR, AHorney s Law. Augusts, Oa.
I have csed Tutls tills nve years ii, my fain
lly. 1 hey are unrq.ialed for coslivenrss ami hil-i.sness."-F.
R. WILSON. Georgetown, Texas.
'I have oei Ttm'sTStedirine tviih cre;tt
benefit."-W. W. MANN, Editor Mobile Register.
We sell fifty boxes Tutt's Pills to five ol
all others." SAVRE & CO., Cariorsville, Ca.
"Tutt's Pill have crniy to be tHcd to es
tablish their merit. Thry work like magic.
W. H. BAHRONf 98 Summer St, Boston.
' There is no medicine so well adapted to the
care ol bilious diorlrrs a Tutt's Pills."
JOS. BRUMMEL, Richmond, Virgin.
AND A TrlflJjAND MORE.
Setil bti druggUt: US renfa a boar. Office .
S3 Murray Street, Arw lor A;.
TUTT'S HAIR DYl
HIGH TESTIMONY.
tup: pacific joivjil,
has been mad"LiTi)R. Tin. niIw 1
York.H
which restores yoiilbful beauty to the hi
alr.N
iiro-luclng a Hair Dye which linttali-4
nature to perfection. Old bachelors may:
now rejoice." I
lust eminent chfinlKt dm mirf.,.t.i ii
fiVfc $1.00. om S3 Murray St.A
tXmtTork. Sold bu all druanUt. I
1TMAV1RD THE PEOPLE OF RA
VAN It .III, ., AVIIO 1.rSEO IT
DI'HIIU 1HE TERRIBLE
EPIDEHIC OF 170.
. Messrs. J. n Zelln A Co. :
;mtlemu:Vo, theundorsiuoed Eufil
loarscn the Geori;ia Central Railroad, Id
gtatvfat obligation for tht benefit we rtv
ri'ivrdi from theutoof 1SIMM0NS LIVER
RKOl'LATuR duHnit the YELLOW FE
VKR EitlDEMIC In Savannah,Cieorgls,in the
- summctnd fill of 1S75, desire to make the
"f ollowliy stalemeut : That daring the afore
said Epidemic, wa used tha medicine knowr.
a SIMMONS LIVER REGULATOR, pre.
pared byJ. U. ZiUin A Co , and though ex.
pMetl to ho worst mUsmstlc influence of
the yellovi fever by going In and coming out
Bsrsnnah at different hours ef tha nlgut.and
also In spending entire nigh; in tho city
daring the prevalence of this most FATAL
EriDEMIC,wltn but tb (ingle exception of
one of a,who wa taken sick, bat speeally re
covered, we continued In our usual good
health, 4 circumstance we can account for
In no other way bat by the sffect, under
providence, of the hibltnil and continued
us of SIMMONS LIVER" REGULATOR
while w were exposed to this Yellow Fever
Malaria.
Respectfully Yours,
C. B. PATTERSON. JAS. L. MALLETTE.
JOHN R.COU.IX3, NELTON F.COOPER.
CAUTION.
THE OEXriNE fIMMON'S LIVER RKQI LA
TOR OR MEDICINE SI ANIVACTV RED
ONLY BY J. H. 7:ZlX 4 CO:,
la wrapped In aclun, neat, WHITE WRAP
PER with the red ycihoiic T. sUniped there
on. Run ao rtsg hr being induced to take
tiihstltutee. Tk4io other but the ORIGI
NAL and OEN"LI'J. .sri
OUtlALTLE
Who!esa!3 sn. Retail
GUTJ STORE
3T. C Xetnieolry
I be'! tt prep rrrr to fnrnNh the ?te
ft Texas -u BKESCH LAtiT't OTNS.
hP-'i-LS A NO IajI iiLE BAKEL hHirr
. UU.NS, front tUmnd npwarda. A full sloes
crst
PISTOLS, te.
'f t bast aa4 moet ln proved FgMh end
Asw.'.ua Buv&afacuue. A.so fail stock of
PrFrt Ajen IsRtSS tJfKLI.S
CAPS srd N l Una of riaitLNU
TACS.LS. I
Kepa-rlar acd faroiaUice forirnn a TrtJtT
lie ul t- ,rjn i. go, j wvrk lrcia"it
ucta-ii.a produca. Cad aod se fc ra.
sa-.-ecAwlT
BLANCO COUNTY ESTRAY
Tak'nap bT c. r,.uey ai4 eotrsyed be
fore W. Wedckiod. Ji ,- o r,ce of Pre.
cioct Ka. , one brow a hor., : asnJ. hifa,
sboat 14 jws old, aj fjio H t eta left
lr. ier. Apprtiaei at f 15
A.tSt 4, isrs
tik c C. h. O.
M
Y y 2S a
I 7
win
VOL. VIII.
THE SPLENDID VI. k 3 V.ST Y OF
THE .MlfrlirV K1VEH.
They vrhobitve etoo-i npin the banks
of the Mississippi and listened to the
su'.'en roar of its tawny waters hnre
surely confessed the majesty of the
mighty river. There is no such im
pressire embodiment of the ideal Rirer
of Death now sweeping multitude
into the oean of eternal rest aa this
whoe heavily groaning current ever
chants a ceaseless requiem fcver the
grayes of towns and cities alo
its shores. The wonders of the
nver are numberless. There is sad
ness in the very forests of impenetra
ble gloom and density that line the
low shores and shut out the sun'd rajs.
Towering cypress and dense cotton
wood trees constitute lofty walls of
blackness at night to hedge in the
groaning volume of all the collected
forces of the countless river between
the great mountain ranges of the con
tinent. Strangely enough the mighty
current moving slowly, 6teadily,
solemnly and with resistless force never
follows the middle of the changeful
channels it is ever carving out for it-
II T . 1 . .,
ht-ii. it irenug away to one or me
other side of its prison walls and leans
lazily against it and groans and roars
as if tins sluggifth movement of
measureless force were painful to the
sluggish, monstrous river. "When
weary of resting against the eastern it
slowly moves to the western shore and
its wayward lawlessness is & marvel
ous as the memories of pilots who
watch, beneath moon and stars, its
ever varying courses and measure by
miniature ru.-elstroms on its surface
the depth of the boiling billows. "When
men would wall it id, restricting its
floodtide to the narrowest corWines, it
defies all restraints and bursting
through dykes and destroying fields
andbouses it overwhelms everything
that obstructs its course, carving
out for itself another channel to the
sea. r oreats, the growth of countless
centuries, are swept away, and the roai
ing of the angry yellow waters and
falling of great trees uprooted by this
restlefs ubterranean tornado niako the
lowlands tremble, as when mastodons
and saurians fought in the soa that
once covered the course of the great
river of to-day.
Mysterious, too, are the ways of the
great river. It constantly upbuilds its
own banks, as if it sought to im
prison itself, and were tinwil
ing when its hour of madness
comes, to work all this incalculable
ruin that marks its ungovernable
course. When the river begins to rise
currents come from 'Westera moun
tains bearing the greatest possible
quantity of mud in solution. It is tho
tletritu from Pike's Peak, brought
down by melting snows of early sum
mertime. Spread over the lowlands,
theso are made richer than if guano
were substituted, and ech overtlow,
if regulated by artificial drains, like
those that governed the floods of the
Nile, even when pyramid builders
still lived, would add untold sums to
the value of products of matchless
rice, sugar and cotton fields. "When
the channel of he nver is barely filled
the superabundant water in thin lay
ers runs out very slowly. Having most
mud in solution when it first leaves
the channel, and moving then slowly,
it deposits mud most rapidly, and thus
the banks at the water's edge are moet
rapidly uplifted and the river's walls
grow higher each year until travelers
iu steamers from Memphis to the Bea
discover that the river runs along the
'backboneof the continent," and they
look down upon the housetops of
planters' villages everywhere in the
lowlands. When these banks tbus
lifted up are accidentally broken ; wheu
a crawfish at night has opened a slight
fissure, or some malevolent knave has
done tha work, the maddened, angry,
imprisoned wators rush down the hill
side they have reared through the
weary years, destroying eveiything in
their path. LI ere again the process of
"leveeing" itself is begun, and again
some accident or sudden force of tl o
varying course of the unaccountable
current with its whirlpools begets an
other crevasse and another river chan
nel is carved out of the aJbivitO- rttuVp,
and thus th rirvr, ever changing its
jouro Ttnrough successive ages, plows
up every portion of the lowlands of the
average width of fifty miles from Cairo
to the Gulf. Of recent years some in
scrutable force seems to bend the gen
eral direction of the vast volume of
water towards theeast. Every spot
and elevated position fortified by Con
federate armies during the war has
been swept into the sea. Save at
Vicksburg the whole volume of the
river's current impinges most violently
against its eastern banks. The fortifi
cations at Columbus, Hickman, Fort
Pillow, Randolph and Memphis were
long ago submerged and there is not a
trace of them left. At no point on its
western shore from Cairo to the Gulf,
save at Helena, in Arkansas, does the
nver strike the highlands. Oldtown
Lake of to-day, at the base of high
hills below Helena was the river's
bed in 1342-3, when De Soto
was entombed in Us depths.
This lake is perhaps thirty miles from
the river of our time, snd by what
forces or law this great body of water
is gradually moved towards the east,
white the Volga and other rivers of
Europe that run north or south are
steadily moving west is a fact which
can hardly be ascribed to the earth's
diurnal revolutions. But we have
only begun to tell of the wonders of
the river oc of its unknown, unex
plored lowlands, and must commend
the cha.-cis ot impenetrable swamDs
and lakes and canals and mounds to
the enterprise and daring of some
Stanley or Livingstone.
2XASSACOTsrrrs, in refusing to de
liver up to South Carolina the fellow
Kimpton, as demanded by Governor
Wade Hampton, asserts the eitremest
Slate's rights doctrines, sad it is well
that Kimpton Is not shipped South.
The concession of Bute's rights by the
Uoreroor of Massachusetts is Infinitely
mors Lhaa wosil be the surrender of
Kimpton.
THE l AY
WILL
OP BLOOD 1VIIE
THE ft I'M Si.1t
i. uovcrnor Jinbijard do not issue
auu'.hcr proclamation dJ pat an end
to luurdtrrius dcc?, as he did to the
rav :gos of Yellow .Isck, his reign will
02 oeeme:!, in one eecse, a red letter
tiaj in the annals of the commonwealth
As England had ber Bloody Mry.
even so may Tens remember "Bloody
Richard." The difference would affec
the two individuals rather than the
two States. Governor Hubbard, lik
Untie Toby, "would not harm even
fir,"' while the word " Mary" was
wholly bereft of charms and sanctity by
the vices of the bloody queen. Long
ago it was written :
Thy mme Is Mary, maiden fair:
Me'h nks Its music shi.uld tbus hr,
Aul the eweetrat uame that aiiei bear
is but befittine thee.
She to whom it once was given was
half of earth and half of heaven. He
riously, there must be, at any cost, an
end to violence. It is costing the peo
p'.o too much. Civilization will stand
appalled in the presence of deeds like
these, beginning with the murder of
Dr. Calder and cf Col. Killough and
ending with vulgar tragedies of the
coniuiou bar-roum and brothel. De
cent, honest men saj that they
will soon fear to leave their
homes by day or night. Robbers
attack stage ccaches in God's day
light on the open highway; pistol
b.ills whistle through the windows of
houses occupied by helpless women;
armed men gulp whisky at every cor
ncr to load themselves with boisterous,
murueroiis courage, men we nave a
word, a blow aud corpses are
thrust into forgotten, unnamed graves.
Tlie law trembles in its hiding-places
and is impotent in its temples, and
wiien drunken knaves bear about im
plenicnta c; death, and count
less sheriff! ai d policemen wander
forth, and can only see a pistol when a
Bob.?r and peaceable citizen wears it,
these terrible deeds are done hourly
everywhere. The Church toils in vain,
even as the majestic voice of the Evan
gelist Penn is lifted up in hourly pro
testation. Christianity weeps; Chris
tians pray, and the Governor, stupefied
by crime, proffers rewards for the ar
rest of bloodj -handed knaves. And
yet each day's catalogue of villainies is
bloodier than that of its predecessor.
Mu.-t the people find a remedy outside
of the courts? We bear it talked about.
It is said "we cannot suffer worthless,
ignorant, reckless, drunken wretches
to destroy all that we have toiled for.
They make our homes and fields value
less, and the country, and especially
its towns aud villages, uninhabitable.
They destroy, not only property val
ues, but the security and comforts of
living. They make ihe name of
'Texan' infamous and bloody, as the
reign of the murderous queen, every
where, the world over. They fasten
ineffaceable bloodstains on the name
and character of every citizen of the
Stftto. Going abroad, one could hardly
boid up bis head aud tell civilized men
that his abiding place was among peo
ple who went armed against one an
other, where the brotherhood of hu
aiuaity is only expressed in the explo
sion of a pistol and shines only in the
gleam of the bowie knife, where a
Carder falls and a Killough is butch
ered, snd unprotected women and in
nocent children are pistoled and burned
to death." Popular patience is growing
threadbare. Every sense of decency
and humanity is outraged and the issue
is almost made up. Civilization or
this barbarism must cease to exist. If
Governor Hubbard would serve well
this great commonwealth ; if he would
ward off a greater moral curse than the
plague which desolates the lowlands of
the Mississippi ; he would now ask the
churches, that popular attention and
Christian effort may be wisely directed,
to tee that the floodtide of vice and
whisky and murder now sweeping over
Texas may be dammed up. There
must be an end of outrage, and when
the church and press and courts fail to
check the overwhelming tide of crime
tho people may be driven to commit
outrage that outrages may have an
end. The time is pt yet; but patience
and patriotism would swoon hopelessly
and helplessly to-day at tbgnt of an
other pair cw foully blood-stained
hands.
LOOK
AHEAD AND
WARD.
NOT B.VfK.
Nobody regrets more than intelli
gent, honest Democrats, the organiza
tion, in the East especially, of classes
arrayed in hostility against each other.
Here we have no defined, fixed
classes, and the only distinction is
of Mce features, and the line of de
marcation between the rich and poor
is undiscoverable. We have no rich
aristocrats, no ahoddyites. If the Con
federacy had prospered, we would have
shared these blessings with our North
ern fellow-countrymen; but defeat
often involves blessings greater than
those of victory. Men do not, but
God knows what is best, and the direst
punishments are often the choicest
benefactions. While we rejoice to
day that the bloody shirt, as the ban
ner of a ruinous, malevolent party, Is
finally furled, and sectional fury no
longer exhausts itself in denunciation
of the South, we cannot forget
that Blaine still plots a renewal of
'.he strife, and Sherman weeps
over the woes of Eliza Pitkiton.
These vicious and yiolent Northern
party -leaders have won oSces and
honors for eighteen years with unvary
ing good fortune, and simply because
they bestrode the negro and command
ed the world's sympathies. We have
her in the South a class of party-leaders
who have never failed to co-operate
earnestly and actively with Blaine,
Ccnklicg, Bailer and Sherman. Even
when, the people, utterly oblirious of
crimes and follies of eighteen years
ago, have nominated Joha Hancock
for office, our Southern Blaines and
Shermans and Ben Butlers, roasting on
the sandy seahor at Galveston, htT
entered their violent protest and Insist
thtt sectionalism and Unionism and
bloody-shir.lam shall be perpetuated in
American politics, and ttiat Hancock
shall be crushed because he difered
Iron ci shout ths war. Thus philot
AUSTIiX, TEXAS, THURSDAY.
ophtri of the seashore were grcd aud j
conspicuous and mighty leaders of the :
multitude eighteen veara ago. They
then won great triumphs before the
people. Ti:ey cannot forgtt these
grand achievements. Tliey are l.ke
Gen. McD.'e wor'hles ting thnt, sn his
early puppyhooJ, treed the only
rabbit of h'n useless, costly life near
the gateway and at the roadside. The
dog grew old and through eighteen
years passing that spot each lay al
ways stopped there aud yeowled and
barked at the empty hole in the old
tree. E?en eo of these gray sea dogs
of the sandy scitihore. They won dis
tinguished honors an I brought down
infinite sorrows and misfortunes upon
the Sute and country eighteen years
ago and can never forget. Whatever
happens, whatever the necessities of
the country, however imperative the
need for the services of men like Han
cock in tho Congress of the Uuited
States, these Southern counterparts of
the bloody shirt people of the East
must stop at the old hole into which
secession crawled and was lost to
sight many years ago. Let them
look back over their shoulders. 1
is a Harmless yanity they indulge,
They would not have themselves
condemned even by this indirection
involved in the election of John Han
cock to the Congress of the United
States, but it fortunately happens that,
whatever their fortunes, those of the
country demand the success of just
such men as Hancock. His triumph
promotes the only good result achieved
by the excitation of this Greenback fiat
money question. It leads to the ob
livion of the bloody shirt party-lead
ers Korth and South. It buries un
happy memories out of sight. It uni
fies the West and South. It gives
Texas and the South power in practi
cal legislation, aud will give us per
fect harbors on our const and a South-
err, railway from ocean to ocean. Let
the old "sea dog.s" howl over the
empty hole in the world's history
called secession. It is only tho indul
gence and gratification of a poetical
memory. Let its, meanwhile, be sensi
ble and practice), and serve ourselves
and the State and the Union by mak
ing John Hancock our local representa
tive in Washington.
PRINTER'S VlttW OF 'O.TI
MUNIS.! IN AOTfiHIC.l.
At the twenty-sixth annunl scesion
of the International Typograph
ical Union, held in Detroit in
June, thero was assembled the
intelligence of a vact army
of workmen, representing a trade
second to none known, a school
whence many of the brightest lights
of science aud philosophy have sprung,
and one that giyes a greater
impetus to civilization than
any known agency. Upon this occa
sion President D. R. Streeter made nn
able address, reflecting upon the con
duct cf the organization, aud in which
he, properly enough, as a printer and
an intelligent workman, drew the line
of demarcation lwtween workiujrmcn
and Communist. He said :
I do not belieyo there are 1000 Injna
Jute Communists born on this side of
the ocean within the borders of the
countries which you represent. I be
lieve that most of the excitement re
garding Communism which at present
prevails is caused by the bluster and
windy words of a few worthless vaga
bonds who never did an honest day's
work in their lives outside of the peni
tentiary, and who seek to incite gen li
ne workingmen to unlawful acts
through the medium of paid agitators.
The workingmen. desire no divis
ion of property and overthrow of the
social structure. Where is the laborer
or machanic who does not look forward
to a time when he may possess a little
borne of his own where he may have
his family around him, and no landlord
may ask him for rent ? After striving
for years by honest labor for the ac
complishment of such an object, think
you he would wish to divide with one
of these "agitation" gentry ! I
have mentioned this subject because I,
for one, do earnestly protest against
the claims of these fellows that they
are workingmen, or that they represent
workingmen in any sense whatever.
My idea is that they are bummers atvf
barnacles thrown out bv the political
parties in their ".mbdical, spasmodic
fSxtii at reform, and that they espouse
the principles of Communism because
they hope for a chance to live at some
body else's expense, without work.
ELEVATION
THE
OF AUSTIN AROVR
SEA LEVEL.
James Converse, manager of the
Galveston, Harrisburg and San Anto
nio Railway, writes, September 30, of
the elevation of Austin above the sea
level as given by the Smithsonian Insti
tute 650 feet, Houston and Texas Central
Railway S.4 feet, International and
Great Northern Railway 480 feet, Din
kins's survey from Harrisburg 667 feet.
Mr. J. H. Dinkins surveyed the route
from Harrisburg to Austin carefully
and accurately, and ihe hjigat he gives
has reference to the site of the old ar
senal. If his measurements be correct
University Place and the reservoir are
perhaps 1000 feet above tide water.
Oh the twecty-third ultimo, aside
from tha sums forwarded from Texas,
tha sum total of contributions to yellow
fever sufferers amounted to $852,310.
This sum includes only such items of
contributions as had been given at that
date and mentioned in the newspapers.
There are countless sums that have
gone into the "cities of the plain,"
which have never been mentioned by
the press. Friends and kindred of
dwellers in stricken cities and villages
have forwarded countless dollars to
individuals, and therefore the How
ards of Memphia hare stated that they
would levy no further contributions
upon public charity. Bat this hot
weather may effect a change in the con
dition of cities and country, and as
long as human suffering and an gush
demand it so long should the generous
and good send money to the wretched
and helpless.
Eteb since planters ceased to use
hempen cords and substituted iron
hoops and the importation ot hemp for
cotton packing came to an end, roughs
and blood -tubs have become sadly
addicted "to murder. Should we not
pstronix Kentucky hemp mora Lb
rally t
Hi
J. JLH
( D5TK At TIO..
Asv oi.tratiLi: ..' ?urrc-ncy at a
tlmL of rererl fujiiusoti is unHtatcf
maolike; buf the con'r .ct:ou stated in
a n .arci ;l o ;-!V ir f..j:.-. m our isu
oi iiie u:-, .vi.i. ii we j uj. s i: '! a a
cir osity, ntivr 1. . 1 t-.n i x;tt.-t;ce. It
was a uivin ui;tr.'4'ti toikctit e and to
arouse the &--4?iu of the multitude of
street statesmen and cross-rotd rinan
ciers, wno now prate so much of tuit
paper money, not one in a thousand of
whom ever develop 1 linsuicitl enpic
lty enough to purt lius.; comfot table
homestead.
Oa page 2S of th report of the
Comptroller of the Treasury of the
United States, published in December,
1.81 1, will be found the fol'owing
"The amount of leal tender notes,
demand notes, fractiual currency and
national bank notes outstanding on
August 31, 1S03, and annually there
after from January 1, lSdtJ, to January
1, 18T7, and the amounts ontdtandinT
Dscember 1, 1S77, are shown by the
following table, together with the cur
rency price of gold and the gold price
of currency at each date:"
K-o5?)nr:a(-tiV8i
c5
2 t:
i. - - - i- 2 s 3i i ?. 2, 5 5
So? J
io
a- v S
a r 2
f'5 2
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"13
xxtxx
This idea of terrible contraction is
taken up by the blatherskite orators at
every school house,and ic is continually
sta'.ed that $800,000,000 of -:?0 bonds
were legal tenders and the circulating
medium has been reduced by that
amount in their cancellation. Now,
the truth is, that only one issue of
30s could have been mada legal ten
ders that of June 30. 1SI14, and this wa9
only for $200, 000,000. The record
shows that all the 7-:0s issued were
coupon bonds,each having five coupons
attached. The record bhows that every
six months oiie of the coupons was paid
by the Treasurer. Tlio.act of Juue 30,
186i,authorizing the isme of $200,000,-
000 of 7-30, conferred an option on
the Secretary of the Treasury to issue
them as legal tenders r nut at his dis
cretion. If he coiicluied "to make
the interest payable every six
months, they were not to be
legl tenders, but if he thought
it expedient to make them payable,
principal and intererest, at maturity
(three years from their date), then
"such of them a9 shall be made paya
ble, principal and interest, at maturity,
shall be legal tender to the same ex
tent as United States notes for their
face value, excluding interest." The
Secretary determined not to isMic them
as legal tenders, and therefore they
were printed as coupon bonds with in
terest payable every six months. What
farmer or merchant in the interior of
Texas ever saw a 7-30. ? They were
not legal tenders; never circulated as
such ; were issued as other bonds with
interest coupons attached, and when
they were taken up and canceled thei" .
government Dad not destroyed a 'cir-
culating medium, but got rid of a
bonded debt.
What hope St there fcr the nation if
its votu1 population frame their polit
ical opinions on the sensational finance
articles of Brick Pomeroy and Citizen
Schwab, and refuse to credit the sworn
report of the Comptroller of the Treas
ury? The above table, showing the
circulating medium of currency every
year, we copy from the Comptroller's
report, the truth of which no states
man in America has ever gainsaid.
THE PRIVILEGED CLASS.
It is disgusting, ' this everlasting
nonsense of the few Southern Green
back speakers and newspapers that
talk so glibly alout the "privileged"
class. Who constitute itf There is
and an be no such class iu the South.
Andy Johnson won every , honor and
modest competency,and surely be was,
of the "privileged class." Alex
Stephens, the scholar by charity, is the
choicest representative of this South
ern "privileged class." Before the
the war hereditary alaveholders were
poesibly of a "privileged class."
They were hereditary aristocrats, and
note the worse for pride of blooi
and lineage if these rendered
the commission of an unworthy act im
possible; but the South contains no
distinctive body of citizens to whom
the epithet "privileged class" can be
applied at this hour. And yet this
Greenback party is corstituted mainly
of those who are consolidated against
a bdy of citizens who, if they ever
constituted a recognized power In
Southern society, have long ago lost
eatte and loat power and recognized ex
istence. The absurdity of appeals to
prejudices of the poor sgainst the rich
as now made are illustrated in the
fact that the chiefest leader of the
Greenback party, Ben Butler himself,
is of the richest citizens of New Eng
land, and the Greenbackers candidate
for tho Governor's plact in Texas was,
not long ago, tha claimant tn our
courts of a broader area of country
than that which enriches the Duke of
Norfolk or Northumberland. If Ham
man be not a bloated bondholder bo
was almost crazy to become one
of the "bloated, landed nobility."
But isn't it a pity that men pretend, ng
to. be honest and seeking honorable
ocs mislead ignotsnca by these base
1
'4
1 rj
OCTOBER 10. IS78.
less tppeuls n feelings of flieged
cls9es which cn have no existence in
the South. Htmtmtn lias toi'.td assid
uously for years to become rich, and
low base his claims to promotion upon
ins al'eged detestation t.f ihe rich. Jf
we ha i laws of primogeniture u t eu
tail, if the rich robbed the u.
untier the turins of laT, if the
property of the rich were j.r
i
ictica vj a peculiar cone, men we
could account for these constant refer
ences by Southern Greenback pipers
and orators to the "privileged class'
of the South. Even here in this pretty
capital of Texa, in a corporation
which deals with property alone, which
taxes heavily, which mauages to tskc
the money out of the pocket of ti e
taxpayer and thrust it into the picket
of the noc -tax payer, even here, idiots
prate about the "privileged class." If
another tailor, like Andrew Johnson
accumulate in youth a competency for
age; ir a blacksmith provide a home
and comforts for his family; if the
shoemaker by steady toil own houses
and lots, then this greenback spout
or or bosh stands in front of the
abode of the woiking man and, shak
ing a brawny fist, pronounces this
home the abode of one of the "priyi
leged class." Industry and prudence
and care deserve all the privilege" they
win, and it is only unfortunate that
these idle, brawling, pot-house politi
cians and Epouters of a philosophy of
which they comprehend not a single
principle are suffered to employ
the ballot - box as a means of
plundering the "privileged class."
This class is only invested with the poor
privilege of paying taxes. It maintains
loafers and adventurers in office. I s
cowardice makes it bow its head
patiently and submit to outrage when
taxed in corporations, by those who do
not at the seme time tax themselves.
A curse upon such privilege and a tear
for the privileged class of the South.
THE MONARCH t.
IIss it never occurred to the thought
ful reader thnt the New York Adco-
eaU, which is now sent all over the
South, at twenty-live cents a year, to
men wr.o never heerd of it until they
received the paper, is kept alive in a
strange way Any printer will state
that the paper cannot be published for
ess than one dollar a year for each
subscriber. S--venty-5ve cents is thus
lost on each subscriber. It boasts that
it has a subscription list of a million.
Now who loses the $7.00,000 sunk in
its publication? A paper which at
tempts to build up a party by appeal
ing to the envy, the prejudice and cu
pidity of the poor as well as to the
ignorant, must be supported by those
plotting to destroy free institutions.
All ' history shows that when tho
poor are aroused against the rich
and form parties on agrarian ideas, free
government approaches its end. To
escape destruction under the taxing
power, capital secures an army and its
leader governs the state. Thero is no
tyrany like the tyrany of majorities
who override a constitution, and it is
a strange fact that in no state platform
of the Greenback party is the Consti
tution of the government referred to or
devotion to its limitations expressed.
A Northern capitalist openly avowed
his willingness last winter to give a
million of money for a monarchy. May
not the money of such men be now
given to promulgate ideas, which when
revolution is attempted, will accom
plish his wish?
The ancient gentleman ofsTd and
walking stick immortatffyV Hon. A. B.
Norton, of Dallar. would be Gover
nor of TexasJ is certainly deemed
an noncBt gentleman, of excellent abil
ity and5 lifo'ong student of the
pwcica
of the country. He con-
a respeetable Republican
newspaper, his name is unspot
ted, and be can't be otherwise
than patriotic, honest and conser
vauve wnen ne venerates the name,
memories and philosophy of Henry
Clay. Intelligent Republicans will be
rapidly consolidated in behalf of the
Dallas Republican ticket, and he who
leaped forward a month ago so vigor
ously and nimbly can't "jump half
Jlamman" to-day.
People who advocate the concession
of the privilege of suffrage to women
may not be pleased to see that all the
candidates for the Governor's office in
Massachusetts favor woman's suffrage.
Both Talbot and Butler are personally
in favor of woman suffrage, and Dr,
Miner is running on a woman suffrage
platform. The Womin'$ Suffrage
Journal says:
To try, therefore, to enlist suffra
gists, as such, either for or against
either of these candidates, would be
absurd. The choice between them
must be made on other considerations.
The woman suffrage battle must be
made in the choice of Representatives
and Senators, who will vote for womsn
suffrage in the Legislature next winter.
A Statesman special brings the sad
intelligence that Capt. J. G. Killough,
of Fayette county, hss bees assassinat
ed by his enemies. Capt. Killough
was widely known in Texas for his
many virtues and his generous, kindly
nature. He was a member of the Thir
teenth Legislature from Fayette coun
ty. After this, for a time he resided
near the city of Austin, where be pur
chased property, bnt sgain became a
resident of Fayette county, where an
unfortunate family fend resulted in bis
death. When will this red-banded
vengeance end t
It Is very singular butjwholly true
that a Republican Congressman named
Rice and a gentleman, too, of excellent
learning and ability, is pleased to say
that "President Hayes should continue
to appoint Democrats to office when
ever, by ao doing, as in Postmaster
General Key's case, he promotes the
efficiency of civil service."
It does seem to ns, if Sammy Tilden
expects the Potter committee to make
much fuss about his having been
cheated in the big game of bluff, that
he should have those books that were
taken from the court house by violence
brought back.
Mr. Wm. IBi Eo;Knn fk becomes
candidate for the legislature to re pre -
cnt the II itorial district cnp wed of
Trarisand I5:t:nc- counties. Ho is
well known thrcu
:hout both counties
au'i eisewnere as a man ol tee j,-:e et
energy, and should he bee .m; a mem -
bcr of the L- cicla-ure all m,v I ru.
fied th,t h. ZiH 1
faithful in every effort to aceoc:
gooa lor the people he proposes to
represent. He would nH only make
a diligent member, bat he would s.ion
make every member of the Senate and
House his personal friend.
A Cocple of Ripublican rtlice-hold-ers
of Washington county stated iu
Austin yesterday, that the body of
Democrats in Washington county will
vote for Jones instead of Hsncock
They aro delighted at this disaffection.
feeling atuhed no doubt, that after
the redistricting of 1880 they will have
things their own way for more offices.
I hey will probably secure a district
that will always give them a Republi
can in Congress. This would be death
to Seth Shepard'a aspiration?, and be
could blame nobody but his friends.
Jcdof. David Sheeks becomes
candidate for the Legislature to repre
sent Trayis and Blanco counties.
Everybody knows his merits. He is
an able lawyer and adyocate, and as a
representative of the people would re
flect credit upon the district. Ha w
command a very large support from all
classes who would see our people rep
resented. With bini in the House and
Terrell in the Senate, this would no
longer be known as the "orphan dis
trict of Texas."
Vesuvius andCotopaxi, the world's
great volcanoes and smoke-stccks are
both at once in active eruption. Some
thing has sickened mother earth.
We can't think what it is unless it be
the possibility of Ben Battler's eleva
tion, by the Greenbackers, to the pre-
idency in 1880.
"Hard money for labor," "Paper
money for the aristocrats," is an in
scription on banners borne by Kear
ney's followers in California. Work-
ng people here should note these t icts,
and see' how Kearney's, followers here
aro devout Cutler Greenbackers.
The honest votr, desiring truth, is
asked to read our article on contraction
and study carelully ihe tablo it con
tains, which is copied' from the report
of the United States Comptroller, di
rect.
If juries aud courts and policemen
don't stop this cowardly pistol-totiug,
nslead of six, Texas will only have ore
or two representatives in Cono-ress
under the next apportionment.
Setu Hiiepard mada a glorious
Democratic speech at Bastrop, and his
unreasonable friends who have desert
ed the party should follow his noble
example.
e are told by old Texans that
herdsmen and rancheros of Southwest
ern Texas used the telephone very com
monly twenty-five yeais apo.
Odd Note.
M. Jacotin, the French senator and
juf,gftt caught cheating at cards, has
resigned both of his dignities and will
be expelled from the Legion of Honor.
The English court baa gone into
mourning for three weeks fok'ue death
of Queen ChrisMnoTf Spain.
Thiers ns so small a baby that
he couAf have been put into a wooden
iftLJ6. He was baptized in a cellar, for
the Reign of Terror bad only just come
to a close, ana the priests were still
afraid to perform any ceremony in the
churches.
They had a frightful railroad acci
dent in England recently, and the Dai
ly Neic$ says that "the patience of the
servants ot the company was sorely
tried" by the ralatives of passengers in
the wrecked train coming to make ic
quiries.
Tbey got up a bull fight at Monsc
gur, France, recently. It was a great
ruccess. One matador had his ribs
broken, another was trampled on and
a third was bruised.
The village of Kollmar, in Holstein,
is. famous for the longevity of its in
habitants. It has a population of 1400
souls. A diamond wedding the seventy-fifth
anniversary has just been
celebrated there, the tenth in fourteen
years, and two others are impending.
A New Haven policeman, who has
doubtless been there before, has pat
ented an improved club for guardians
oi the peace, it is of hickory, covered
with a nice brass sheath painted to re
semble rosewood. When, as is hi
custom always, a rough seizes the offi
cer's baton and pulls at it vigorously
the sheath slips off, the rough comes
down with emphasis on bis back and
the officer clubs him.
Scotland always has a larger prepon
derance of male births than England ;
107 boys to 100 girls ts the average
this year; in England it is 104. In
Firth and Stennis, Orkney, with a pop
ulation of 1400, there were registered
17 births between November, 1S77, aud
July, 1873, and all were boys.
The French papers have been dis
cussing the responsibility for Sedsn,
and Paul de Cass8gnac (Gen. de Wim
pffen having attributed it to NaDoleqs)
remarks that the General is a flit rep
tile who has prostituted bis epaulets,
likewise a miserable liar and a coward
ly calumniator.
Members of the French Assembly
set five dollars a day, but not until
their election has been declared valid.
If the election is declared valid the
member is at once entitled to back psy
from the date of election, but if it is
quashed be gets nothing. Tfie Cnsm
ber baa annulled the election of sixty
four Imperialists and other members of
the Right, thus saving ICO.OOO in sala
ries, and there are several other con
tested seats still to hear from. 8eveo
seats were vacant for twenty-seven
days, fifteen for sixty-two days, four,
teen for ninety-six days, six for 124
days, twenty for 157 days and two for
10 dsys.
At Port Stanley, Canada, Mrs. Ball,
a widow, went to a picnic with her
two sisters. Her prospective brother-in-law
was present, and, considering
ner acuona too iree ana intky. de
clared he weald never speak to ber
agaio. Afterwards be took a boat and
invited her and some others to g with
nun tor a sail. v hen they were aboat
a mile from shore Mrs. Ball said to
blm, "Will Christian, are yon comioz
up to see me any mortr "I'm going
up to-aight for the but time,' be said.
Standing up in the boat, she threw ber
bat behind her, and said, "Gxd-bye,
Bert; good-bye. Will." sprang over
board and wa drowned.
NO. 1
a !
Hanged :mineir
!
! Tin has been invtery for Irish
I h5l-"!C' alontn hv three quarter of
I A Ci'IiTllIV
i ur,kn..u
i ue hangman was quite
I nil th: am Mutnra nf lh.
Heath :-ivne i.f the youtg patriot. His
! rrlv',b and departure 'were so well
rrveKi l'?tUe myrmidons cf tho terri
lV lhe. -,own. n-V-vor Dubl'.
:i n;e tain oi t-jiruel a ojtupa-th'z-r
failed to penetrate bis secret.
B it tho mystery thnt had so long lain
hidden hss ln-cn suddenly cleared up.
THE OVKSTIOX ANSWERED
I.ot Mmuy, August 5. an extreme
. - .
v :a man niea in me work house at
Lv.lma, Msyo county, and two days
after was oiim-d to a pauper's
urave. His nanie was Huney. He
was a native of Dublin, and o lone as
he was able to tramp about he made a
ivclih'Vid as a professional itinerant
ballad t-iogir. He believed himself at
the time of his death to bo aUut nine
ty-nine years of 8je. Oa his death
bed he n.aiic a inulbr revelation to
the doctor, master aud chaplain of the
woikhotise. lie told them that be was
one of the band of suldiers who, oi
the Di-,'ht of Miy 18, 1708, acccmpa
nieit ..I ij r Sirr aud S-an to the
.(iu-.o ot Mr. N'Cholas Murphy, the
feather nu-rchabt. No. 153 Thoiutt
street, where L;rd El ward Fitzgerald
was concealed, u4 tll-jcted the cap
turo of the rebel chieftain. Barney
M.oran avowed that in that terrible
bu-iness he faithfully dibclian-ed his
auiy as a loyal soldier t- the British
Ji a a . . -".
crown.
BAKNET MOHAN, KXECCTIOKEIt.
But his most startling re relation was
to come. This was that he also was
the txecutiouer of Robert Emmet.
This confession has been corroborated
since .Mor.tu'a dtathhy a most reanec-
tao.e geutieiuan ol lialliua, who states
tuat lor many years he was aware of
me unpleasant secret, hot was pledged
not to divulge it until M rau was bc-
yon-l the reach ofthc oblouuv sure to
fall iij)tin him. M 'ran' statement was
t the ffvet that he was on duty at
Portoliello Barracks on the evening of
September lit, 1S03, wheu an emissary
ii'uiu .ii ij or inirr csme and oiiercd l.im
a considerable sum if next mornino- he
would ollb.ia'.e as hangman f i Emmet.
Barney Morau Was tiu:te wiliineon this
occasion also to prove his "loyalty" by
wont fitrangeiy out oj keepinif with a
soldier's true vocation. Bat the history
of that awful time attests that British
soldiers in too many cases IohI all sense
of honor and took a fiendish delight in
he pcriontianco of any bloody deed,
he victim of which would be an Irish
rebel or suspected person.
O.N TU1 PLATFORM.
And so no the morninr of September
20, 1S03, Barney Moran (having betn
onveyed iintner In civilian's clothes
stood on the platform !n Thomas stree'.
directly oppo ite S (' i-1 -eimts's church,
with huuiK-t beside hiui. pinioned f.nd
standing beneath the alloA's. The
story iuiju that Knmi-t expected n .c -cue,
and nuz'.d about him !oi ui.d
wistfully, as if trying to real Loin, in
the upiurned faces t.f the crowd. He
protracted his Mr irtvi;i ' us lotg as
possible. Eyoii with tint halter around
ns neck, in answer to the execution
er's question whether he was ready, be
several tinn-se xclaimed. "Not vet. not
yet." At length tho executioner, wea
ry of waiting, turned him t.ff with the
words "not yet" coming from his Hps.
Moran admits that he was the maa who
did the deed, and after the hanging
severed the booy and held it up to the
gaze of the spectators, with the stereo
typed formula, "Tins is tho head of a
traitor." After the execution Moran
was cot yeyed by some of Msjor Sirr's
underlings to the custle, and then tent
back to his military duy. He kept
tho secret, for well he knew tho tem
pest of hatred and abhorrence which
would gathor Mn und h' head wen? :i
nco known what he bad jme. His
II-sot ten gains did ncv!" prosper. He
quitted tho army, e.it after a wander
og lite of Aardship and privation for
half a century, exactly seventv-Qve
:rs alter hmniet't death Lis .execu
tioacr has fouud a pauper's death sad
a nameless grave. And tbus there is
one enigma the lc6S for the historical
student..
M'kat Follows Death.
A devout Christian gentleman, who
occupied the pulpit for twenty-five
years with distinguished ability and
iett it with not a shadow upon bis
faultless fame, says, in a letter before
us, "I am classed as a 'Christian Spir
itualist but I have long since grown
out or the creeds and dogmas of the
churches. By Christianity I mean slm
ply the teachings of Jesus as recorded
by the Evangelists, without any Pau
line interpretation of them. I deny
that Jesus ever taught that 'through
the blood of Jesus Christ, there is no
other atonemeut for bid.' It seems to
me if this were the 'only' way for man
kind to be saved, he would have said
something aoout it in his sermon on
mo Mounr, given in the commence
ment of hia ministry; be would have
made some reference to it as a funda
mental principle of the religion he
came to establish ; but nowhere do you
find the slightest reference to it. Do
ing then not believing is the promi
nent idea presented ; not a word about
vicarious atonement or faith in the
whole sermon embracing Ihe entire
fittb, sixth and seventh chapters of
Matthew. He thought that what we
saw, we seek. All through hia minis
try be taught the law of recompense,
just as Spiritualists believe 'that he
that doe th wrong shall receive for the
wrong he hath done.'
"In the latter part of the twenty
fifth chapter of Matthew, he settles
this question 1eyond controversy,
where he brings tha matter of fixing
the place of ail in the future state to
depend entirely upon their work',
done even to the least of mankind.
After bis deatb, be went and 'preached
to the spirits in prison,' whose walls
were 'outer darknesj,' tbst they might
do there what tbey bad failed to do in
their earth-life 'work out their own
salvation !'
"He nev.r tught that 'reform
ceases st the crave. ' nor that 'sexes
were lost in the angel.' but on several
occasions taught that 'we should know
each other there, aa set forth by the
paraoie or the rich man and Lazarus.
"lis tenant that the resurrection is
at what is called death. Spaaking of
the Patriarchs, he says tbst God is the
God of the living, not of the deed. At
his transfiguration when Moses and
Elias appeared to the three disciples.
ne laugut tnem that was the resurrec
tion. "We find nothing from him about
'man beina cooceivod in sin and born
in iniquity.' Instead, be emphatically
declares that we roast become as little
children, if we ever enter tbe kingdom
of hea-c. lie ri'h-r er.d'ifr the
comraotily received Mosaic accouut f
the creation nor the introduction of evil
into the world by the serpent. Io
deeJ, we hear nothing of this dogma
from the tnira ccspur or Genesis to
Paul's epistle to the Romans, vet it is
the basis noon which the theology of
me a y is issgot.
"Ue does not teach that honest.
moral men are lost, because tbey have
not faith in the atonement;' bat tbst
all shall be rewsrded 'according to the
deeds done in the body. The conclu
sion to wbicb I have arrived, after a
quarter of a century of honest, patient
investigation ol this subject, is that
Jesus taught the truth in tegard to the
p.a,n by which man is to be made nap
py tt tus We and ths Hit to come.
THE STATESMAN
XXXXl3SxTj3 '
DAILY DEMOCRATIC STATFsN.
h-'ic! copy, one your...,.
i S:rtr!ocpy, six months. .
: Sicsle copy, oue month -,
I . "
WEEKLY DEMOCRATIC STATESMAN.
f'nle copy, one Tear f 2
Single copy, sax months .".7,7.7. j
Msny of the creeds and dogmas of tf:
c?!urches have no foundation up.-.n
which to build through anything"?
founder of Christianity ever taught
and further, that some of them rwi;v
offer a premium to vice in an easy war.
by which its effect may be wasbti
away by the simple exercise of an in
tellectual faculty; even in the agonies
of death the sinner can be made whit
as snow and ready for the companies -ship
of the angels,"
The exchange fiend, after sn abenci
of two weeks in the country, where
he has been living off his lame and
widowed sunt, came into this ofiics
yestcrdsy and proceeded to take pos
session of our choicest excteaj?!!
with his oil -time familiarity. '
"I've been out in the country," h..
said, "for, it seems to me, six months,
and I haven't seen a paper, excepting
t he ChrUtian JlonUor or the Saint'i
since I've been away. I want to read
: upon mis swinl yellow fever-scourg-which
is depopulating the Souther;
cities. It's the most terrible thlogf
ever heard of, and I can hardlv w
until I get hold of a New York pspc,
to read about It."
Here's tho New Orleans Time-,"
replied the exchange editor, draaiog
a copy of that paper from the pile bc
foro him; " it hasn't bad anything In
it for three weeks but yellow fever.ye!
low jack, saffron scourge, Bronze Jofc
the carnival of death"
"Merciful heaven," exclaimed tVu
fiend, throwing up his hsnds in horror
and retreating to the centre of the
room. "Why that paper is printed
right in the heart of ths infected di '
trict, and there is nothing in the wid v
world that will carry disease through
the country like a newspaper. I
wouldn't tiuch it for half of Oil City."
"Beg pardon," said tha editor, toss
ing the paper in the direction of tha
fiend, from which that individual
leaped as from a snak'e about to strike; .
"beg pardon ; here is yesterdsy's Mem
phis AwUnehe, damp from the press,
with the smell of the bsyous still uoor
it; sixty deaths occwed tUie the day
beforo its publication, and it will givo
you elaborate details"
"Take it away, take it ewavl"
yelled the fiend, retreating to the
door, breathing hard, and looking
like a man with the horrors: "oleisa
throw me over a New York or Bjstoa
paper, and I'll read It at borne."
"For real information." continued
the editor unmoved, "I would red
mend this little paper; Its editor
pressman died of the disease dsy be
fore yesterday, and two reporters and
seven printers are now down with it."
and the young man twisted the papor
Into a ball and hit the fiend in the face
with it, remarking: "It's the Granada
Sun aud hasn't a blessed thing In it but
yellow fever and ads."
liefore the editor had finished tht'
exchange fiend uttered a shriek
like a lost soul, turned a bck htod-
spring out of the door, and disappeared
down the stairwav, seven steps at a
iump. Oil City Derrick. 1
The Howsrd Association, whleh
leads the heroio fight tgalnst yellow
iever in tne stricken cities, dates from,
the terrible epidemio of 1853 in New
Orleans. It is said to have originated
among the clerks of a merchant ic thst
city, who devoted tbemselyes to the
care of the sick when fright hsd so far
severed the ties of humanity that mem
bers of the same family deserted each
other. Rich youDtr men toon lolned
the first small band of devotees, and 1
adopted at the name of their society t
that of the" celebrated Eogliih piitoa.
philsnthropist. At every appearance
of the pestilence thrv met it.'
they had mutually ound them-'
selves to do, with niysiciao8r-v""i.
wlvu meirtoftneii, establishing s,
in all infected places, and befureN
breaking out of the war bad becoro s
body strong in numbers and in mean
The war impoverished the MT
through its member, and siecpthen t
has been foiced to acceptcetftrlbutioci
from without, althongn it was net
obliged to do so beh're. The Mtmpbis
associstton was organized in Septem
ber, 1867, with tweoty-flve members,
and had under its charge in thst ysur
244 patients, receiving in contributions
$4996 56. It afterward secured a char- ,
ter from the Legislature and began its
work in the great pestilence 1878,
in the month of September, with eight
members and one hundred and thirty
dollars in the trestury. A meeting of
citizene furnitbed it with metos by im
mediste collection and by calls upon
other cities and States, and it went on
its work with a full treasury. Wheu
the work became too great for the few
member of the society to d, a call
wn made upon the citizens for more
members, and was promptly respond
ed to. A hospital was established,
and curses and supplies we're fur
nished to more then eight tboufsu'L.
persons. Eight hundred aod twenty
five curses were employed by the so
ciety. After paying out in this wsy
nearly one hundred thousand dol.
lars the association had remaining In
its treasury more than forty thousand
dollars, the entire amount of the coun
try's contributions during that year to
the distress of Memphis having been
over one hundred and thirtyYour thou
sand dollars. Nevi and Courier.
Dr. Heath, in a lecture on Pern and
Peruvian antiquities, tells of a straogs
.t1- TT. . -. i .
i'ii, v.ucu 44icu, wits oi aouUk
4000 inhabitants, lying in seven degrees
ruuta latuuao ana a coupie oi miles
lrom the sea. Ha ssys the people
speak, beside the Ppsnisb, a language
that some of the recently brought-ovsr
Chinese laborers understand, but differ
in all other respects. Tbey intermtr '
brothers sad sisters, uncles and ntieer,
nephews and aunts, . $. promiscuously,
with nospparentcauseofcoosaneainitv.
They are exclusive, permitting no in
termarriage into their number, r with
the outside world. Tbey have laws .
and customs and dress of .their own,
sod live by braiding bats, mats
wesving cloths. Toey will ctvs s
account of when tbey came or fro a
whence, nor does history mention
them as livi.g before Spaniards, ec:
duet it record their arrival since.
Among them you will Had eo sick ccr
deformed nor very old people, tbelr
custom being to seed a committee to
escb sick or old person, and if tbey
judge the patient put recovery, or ths
aged past usefulness, the public txecu
tioner is sent, anej tbev are stranded.
E sq orders it, tbey ssy, acd torr
evsr Interfere with their orders.
TJorsemooger Lane Jail has been vs.
eated and is to be toro down. It wa
one of the earliest prisons erected ac
cording to the somewhat crude Ideas
of a model system that resulted fro a
John Howard's philanthropic labors,
and was completed in 173. Tbe reef
cf its lodge gates became tbe place cf
public executioo. There Col. Desparl
and bis six companions were ttzt
in 1803 forsa elitffed conspiracy; so
wa k cnaro raicn, me murderer ot Air.
Blijdh ; so were the notorious Maeclczi.
The first person hanged within t:.s
walls waa Margaret Walters, the baby.
farm:r. Tbe old jail was a famuui
place of imprisonment for debtors. It
his also cjm lined tome notsb'e cSe ol-
era against the law. icelodi&g Lei'i
Uner, mhn pissed two ytars there '-
callme George IV. - "a AdorsT?
forty; tbe Rev. Mr. Taylor, other .
tbe Devil s Parson," locked cp I
preaching sedition; Cl. Valfctti&e L.
Iter sad its Ii,-v. lix. T&vtrs.
X.

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