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The weekly democratic statesman. [volume] (Austin, Tex.) 1871-1883, October 17, 1878, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83021327/1878-10-17/ed-1/seq-1/

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Bincle copy, one year a 12 oo
Single copy, (ix m't)t!:f 6 Oo
Single copy, one mourn i t0
Binjtle copy, one year 93 OO
Bingle copy, tlx months 125
T nil mot e-nlnl bal.ani ever a.e1 by
ittlrfr from ulnoiinrr li.e.e
Jt 1. roiuiowc. of herbal iirod urt,
t hirh htrtir Ificeflect an the throat
and lane-at leUche. from t heaircells ail
irritatlna? mat ten chumh it to b ri.
Kectorated, aTid at on re check the in
animation w hich prmlAi'M the couch.
A sina-le duse. relieve tnBuio.tdistre.a
parui;m, soothes nrrtouanrx,
utl enable the autt'erer to enjoy quiet
fawt at nla-lit. Kelnar a le.aut cordial.
It tone Hi. Mealc tumarh, and ie
apecially rwceuimeaded for itilltireu.
What others say about
Tutls Expectorant.
- " BaLTIMORC, ttltuary J, 1875.
I hare ntd Atlhma thirty year, and never
found a snedkiue that ba-i urh a hjppv effect."
W. F. HOQAN, Charles St.
A' Child's Idea of Merit.
Naw Orlsans, Aovembtr 11, 1&7C1.
"Tun's Eipectorant ia a familiar name in my
house. My wilesliinksit the bent medicine in the
world, and the children ay it a 'nicer than
snola.ses canrlT.''
NOAH WOODWARD, 101 N. Poydrat St
"Six, and all Croupy."
I am the mother of six children : all ortheia
have been erouny, Without Tutt's Kxuectoran
1 don't think tiiey could have survived some ol
the attacks. It i. a mother's hlesine."
MARY STEVENS, Frankfort, K
jiA Doctor's Advice.
In my practice, 1 advise alt families to keep
Tutt't Expectorant, in sudden emergencies, fu
Boughs, croup, diphtheria, etc.
T. P. ELUS, M.D., Newark, N. J.
Hold bv all druggists. Price $t .OO. Office
US Murray Street, Hew lorfc.
I TuttN Pills are worththrirwriehtln e-old."
. - REV. k R. 8IMPS0N. Louisville, Ky.
Tutfa Pills are a soctial blessing; ol the
nineteenth rentury."
REV. F. R. OSGOOD. New York.
"I have used Tuu' 1'iila for torpor of the
iv,r Tbe'r, uPcrior o any medicine lot
Ciliary disorders ever made." .
a. ft CARR. Attorney at Law. Aumiil. A.
,, " V?' Tutt's Piiis nve years in my fam
fly. They are unenusled for cottiveness and bil.
iousns."-F. R. WILSON, Georgetown. T,,,,.
1 nave ned Inn's Aledicine with erent
benefit.--W. W. MAN N , Editor McbBe Reoi.tae.
"We sell firtv bJTTTrit, p;ii in a... ni
'all others." SAYRE A CO., CartorsviHe, Ga.
' "Tutt'e Pilli hat. only to be Ired to es
tablish their merit., Thry work like maeic."
W. H. BARBONf 96 Summer St, Boston.
' There Is no medicine so well adapted to the
ere of bilious Hiwidrm aa Tutt's Pills."
JOS. BRUMMEL, Riohmond, Virginia.
Md by druggists. US cents a box. Office
$3 Murray Street, Jiew lor.
iFRciv thw. piciFr joi-rvau
een msd. hy ln. Tut. of New Tort.
ifi restores youthful beauty to the hair.
temtneiit chemist has surreeded In
'Tint a Hair lye which Imitates
1 m periectlon. OIU bachelors may
14I.OO. Office SS Murray St.,
1 lorn, Hutu bu oil druggist
I'lln A Co. :
IWc, the andcralKncd Kngl-
lorga Central Railroad, in
in for the benefit we re-
Jtrlug the YELLOW FK-
1 SaraonRh.ncorKla.in the
1 1870, desire to msko the
It: That during the afore-
lied the medicine known
vania by J. II. Zell, M Co , and thongh ex.
poaed to the wont Haematic Influences of
- the yellow (ever by Aping In and coming oat
h Savannah at differenthoureef the Bight, and
also In ependlng cntro nlfh's In the city
i during the .revalencor this tuoat FATAL
KPlDKMlC.with but ha single exception or
one of na,ho was takeieick.but penally re
' covered, wu continues lu oar uaaal good
health, a clrcutntancewe ran account for
In no oilier way but y the effect, under
providence, of the habitual and coutinued
while we were exposed u this Yellow Fever
malaria. ;
Reepeetfallv Ymira,
la wrapped In a clean, neat. WniTK W RAP
PER with the red ayinbouo Man(ed there
on. Run no risk by being f&d to lake
ubatitute. Take no other! hut the OKKJI-
NALaidOKNUlNlt. I atptl
Wholesale and Retail
. i
-Uer prepared thaa ever to Nrn!h ta, Pl.t.
itiu Vila tiitJvKi It Lf JUiMi I 1'VH
..LS AMI in. bLKBAhiiSL, fuoT
r . .ia, rront ii ana upvarvu. nu iwit
Gl Si t,
1 1 t best ar.d moet Improved Engll ud
e '.ra mabatactbre. am a rou atovk
jis CATS
srd fall Sae of FLca.ia
RT-t'rtrsaa4 hirni.juna crfttc tTc'Utt
;.i c,jun: aa Rood t.Tot
I AV 11.W
mt.i. v 'i w uwq. v:i men rrv i. .
Liprsr tI CommU.lon merchant
Litis tX IB 1
Ti-i'tna atoeed In Sre-proof wr Oo or en
rr j-iri. Et iecn sirret.teat Irvtt btu.i'-
i v mm aw
No one ever began to delve into a
subject of thought that be was cot re
minded, if he eyer traversed the low
lands of the Mississippi, of aa intermi
nable laganp, shaded from ahore to
shore bj most-crowned lire oaks aid
cypress trees. Ascending the sluggish
stream and looking ahead, the end is
ever near at hand. Bat when the point
is reached, beyond which it seemed
the boat could not pass, we discover a
curve ia the course of the lagune,
and the cobwebs that bang lax
ly down to its surface and the
motionless water are again light
ed up for miles by the stray
sunbeams that creep down through the
dense,overhanging foliage. The bayou,
we begia to think, as one curve after
another is discovered, has no end, and
so with this question of special provi
dence. The discussion and scope of
argument are alike interminable. Oae
of our exchanges asserts the States
man's atheism, and simply because we
have questioned the practical advanta
ges to be derived, ia the presence of
an approaching epidemic, from fasting
and prayer. Buckle, the protoundest
thinker of our time, has told us (page
404, vol. 2, His. Civ. of England) that
nothing is more ruinou3 in the pres
ence of a plague than physical weak
ness and mental depression. Hut the
Scotch authorities, when they saw
cholera approaching, were resolved to
have a day of humiliation, fasting and
prayer, as Buckle insists, "to prepare
them for the deadly poison that was
lurking around them." "The deily
was to be propitiated and the plague
stayed. It was thought that the Al
mighty would interpose, violate na
ture's laws, work a miracle and pre
serve his creatnrea from what, without
a miracle, wonld be the inevitable
consequence of their own deliberate
act." The cholera was approaching
and the Scotch wanted the English
government to do what Gover
nor Hubbard did, issue a proc
lamation and inaugurate fasting
and prayer. But the practical English
only thought of cleansing their cities
and of the enforcement of. rigid sani
tary measures, and the proclamation of
the Scotch church was only ridiculed.
Lord Palmerston was at length Induced
to reply to the Scotch Presbyters, and
with a bsrdtfiood, which would have
sent him to the stake two hundred
years earlier, and was reireshing for
its profanity ia Scottish ears, the great
statesman informed the Presbytery that
the affairs of this world are regulated
by natural laws on the observance or
neglect of which the weal or woe of
mankind depends. Une of these laws,
the philosophical Premier said, connects
disease with the exhalations of bodies.
It is by virtue of this law that conta
gion spreads in crowded cities or
wherever vegetable decomposition pro
gresses. Man can neutralize or dis
perse these noxious influences. The
people were therefore advised by the;
highest English political authority
that it was better to cleanse than to
fast and that activity was preferable
to humiliation and prayer. It is now
autumn, said Palmerston, and before
the bot months and cho!era come
we should destroy causes of disease
by improving and cleaning the abodes
of the poor. If this be done all will
go well; otherwise mark the words
"the pestilence will desolate the land
in spite of the prayers and fastings of
an united but inactive nation." Buckle
says the ancient superstition, once uni
versal, but now almost extinct, no
longer impels us to contemplato Deity
constantly moved to wrath. He
delights not in having his creatures
abate and mortify themselves either In
their sacrifices or austerities, or in in
flicting pestilences. Events and calam
ities once deemed supernatural are now
known to depend upon natural causes,
and are amenable to natural remedies.
On this theory the Presbyterian Presi
dent of the United States is acting
when he fails to fix a day of fastiag
and prayer, and when, on the contrary,
he appoints a commission of experts
to gather facts that may enable ns to
ward off, in future years, this fell de -
stroyer of our race. Science and rea
son say that the calamities snd grief 4
that come upon as are the result
of man's ignorance, and that they
are not doe to Ood's interfer
ence with terresiai anairs. in mis
science and reason do not differ from
religion,' but from man's "theol
ogy." we assert tu omniscience 01
God and the eternity of His laws, and
cannot consent to array Him in the vul
gar garb of an earthly potentate inter
posing here and there, uttering threats,
inflicting punishments and bestowing
rewards Idolatry ia not remote from
uch conceptions of the God of the
universe." -
When we are asked what is accom
plished by prayer, we can only recur
to the illustration employed above. If
the boat, ot which we have spoken, in
the midst of the bayou were fastened
to a tre on shore, and we tugged at
the cord the tree would remain un
moved, but we would be draw a rapid
ly towards it. Is this a proper illus
tration of the efficacy of prayer t Will
the two thousand church-oers of Aus
tin, this brilliant 8unday morning,
confess, when the services are ended,
that they have been lifted towards
heaven by golden cords, suspended by
angels, that we may grasp and ascend
one day nearer the eternal God !
Wi say "per cent.," meaning ptr
ivhimm, by the hundred; but,
strangely enough, we say "jr of i,"
meaning by the heads, when we mean
to say "r cwfrnf" by the head, or for
each head. - Should we not always
write it "per tnputn , Bat law books
ar full ot errors and habit makes them
incorrigibl. Bat a mors common er
ror is that Involved ia the expression,
" a Bercbaat sells calico at four cents
a Tsrd,' " t Ws meaa to say. " by the
vard," as ts say "per bashei.' Tcr"
and "a are both Latin particles trans
ferred .'a'.o ths midst ot English sen
tences, and "a," whea meaning "by,"
and prefixed to a word denoting mees?
rmme&t, should hav ths broad, Latin
souad. It is a ,prepositi08l,, and sot
aa "article.
Whenever Hamman and each spout
ing Ureenbacker who wakes the echoes
of the prairies and "mot tea" of Texas
would exhaust eloquence and learning,
they dwell rapturously upon the won
drous working of the Venetian bank
ing system. They have talked 'with
flippant assumption of fam'.liarity with
historical facts of which they know
nothing. We have never heard
ndent Greenbacker gnawing hard
money on the streets that he did not
open a great fiisure in the basking sys
tem of Venice through which the light
of genius and of history poured as the
rajs of the noon-lay's sun into the bung
hole of a molasses barrel. The Venetian
credits (greenbacks) which Hamman
and Davis and Still so prate about
were only checks of the richest mer
chants in the world upon Venetian
banks or drawn upon themselves. They
were preferred to the current common
coin cf the commercial world because
this coin was clipped and of less value
than its inscriptions indicated, while
the ingots and coins of Venice were of
full weight and never were debased or
wort'i less than their value as stamped
upon them. The ignorant, warring
governments of that age, grievously in
debt, each debased its own coin, while
that of Venice was at a premium be
cause undipped and unalloyed. It
was because of this fact that Venice,
through a long series of years, was
mistress of the world's commerce. Our
word " bank" bad its origin in these
facts. It is the Venetian word
" banco," "a bench," transferred
to England and baturalized like
the money and banking system
of the Venetian noblemen. Ital
ian money-lenders had each his
''bench" (Imneo) in the market-place,
and when he failed it was broken (rvp
t), and hence the word bankrupt.
Even in blessed Venice there were aw
ful bankruptcies. But they who listen
so rapturously to the idle philosophy
of Hon Wash Jones should not be im
posed upon by the earnest references
to Venetian history. Deductions from
the commercial fortunes of the Queen
of the Adriatic are demonstrative of
the correctness of Democratic theories
of finance, and calculated in nothing
to approve the fiat money schemes or
other, financial vagaries of Governor
Davis, Tracy, Wash Jones and their
erratic followers. The whole history
of the Venetian system of banking is
given in Gilbert's History of the Bank
of England, and in Jacques' Savary'a
Parfait Negociant and in Dam's His
tory of Venice. The bolder of a
Venetian draft or bill was paid
in a credit on tne books of
the banker or merchant or in coin at
his option. A cash room or cash
desk the haneo (bank) existed for this
purpose, and gold or silver was paid or
credit given aa desired to the holder of
the circulating bill. The Boston Her
aid says that during the war between
bank were loaned to the State and ex
pended. As a consequence the cash
room was closed. The credits became
greenbacks, in the sense that they
were then a forced loan. Deprecia
tion followed. The nnredeemed cred
its were no longer at a premium. They
fell to a discount. They ranged 10 to
15 per cent, below coin. Subsequently,
the republic having coined some mon
ey, the "cash office" was reopened. At
once the depreciation disappeared.
The credits advanced to par with ooin.
The Bank of Venice again suspended
specie payments from 1717 to 1739,
according to the dates assigned by
Daru in bis "History of Venice," vol
ume 3, page 135. At all other times
except these mentioned, the institution
paid either in coin or by transfer of
credit, at the option of the payee.
Daru explains how it came that, dur
ing the periods of redeemability, the
credits were worth twenty per cent,
premium. The bank established as its
standard a ducat du bano. The actual
silver in circulation was distinguished
as the ducat eourant. Coins were re
ceived by the bank, and valued ac
cording to their weight and purity;
then credited at their actual worth,
and paid out or transferred as dueaU
du banco, at a standsrd worth twenty
per cent, more than the current ducats,
which were compsratively debased
The new faces in the next Congress
will outnumber, as two or three to one,
thoce that have been seen there in for
mer years. There are more than eight
hundred candidates for seats in the
lower house now soliciting popular fa
vor, and it s a great pity tney cannot
all be elected. Then the people, hav
ing tested the worth and virtue of all
these, would be prepared to retain the
services of those who have intellectual
and moral fitness for the office. There
would be no terrible contest, after this
test session, between Hancock and
Wash Jones. Plain as are the facta
and differences, the people would dis
cern the peculiar intellectual and moral
trails of Hancock even more clearly
than tc-day. nia resoluteness, fixedness
of purpose, strone wilL stern self-
reliance and lofty courage, illustrated
when he even separated himself from
a majority of the people of Texas and
persisted ia adhesion to the Union.
There was in this action a degree of
moral heroism infinitely mors admira
ble than that of ths noisiest leader of
the multitude who drifted with the
current and went out to sea and was
hopelessly lost. Of the 800 candi
dates for Congress in ths . United
States, only S73 can be elected, and of
these 800 only 161 were eyer before la
the House. Of ths 1C1, perhaps two
thirds will be elected, and these, being
old, experienced members,; will be
pUced at the heads of committees, and
these committees make all ths laws a&d
build railways and open harbors and
augment os lessen the vol am of cur
rency. Committees do the work and
make ths laws which the p-' ascribe
to congressional action. ' "3 re
ports of committtes are : Vthe
chairmen of these todies, "iota
Hascock be a cember he wii tuve Lis
choice of places and no single Con
gressman will wield greater political
poorer or personal influence in the
House than John Hincock. Ia the
estimation of the President and heads
of departments no man occupies a more
enviable position and moet fortunate
for Texas will the end be if, aa an
old and experienced and able member,
he may be assigned the chairmanship
of the Committee of Ways and Mean?,
or, more fortunate still for this com
monwealth and for the South, if he
supplant INndall. N.uthern newspa
pers constantly say-that Hancock's in
tellectual habits, his resoluteness and
his political history will make him a
most formidable if not the successful
candidate for the speakership. A more
logical thinker, or one of quicker,
keener apprehension of the right
will not aspire to the position next
in honor and power to that of the
President of the United States. Texas
would gladly have a representative
citizen occupying this loftv place
and nobody ever dreamed of Wash
Jones reaching it, and yet there are
light-headed people incapable of think
ing or of comprehending the country's
necessities, or measuring the qualifica
tions of men for office, who propose to
vote for Wash Jones. They surely
know not what they do.
The intelligence and honest patriot
ism of Texas should exert itself that
the election of John Hancock may be
assured. The best interests of the
State and of the whole South demand
his election. There is no other South
ern man having a ghost of a chance for
the speakership, add there was never a
Congress chosen whose acts will exei
ercise a more potent and lasting
influence than this upon the
fortunes of the country. The
next President will probably be chosen
by the Houss, and in shaping results
and guiding the country's destinies
with nerves and a courage that never
quailed, and clearness of intellect never
beclouded by fear or passion or drink,
Hancock would be a peerless speaker
of the House. And are there sane
men who would impose upon Jones
such responsibilities? Would he have
votes for the speakership? Will he be
made chairman even of (he meanest
committee? Will his political and
personal history give him power or
weakness at Washington? It will be
a great misfortune to Texas and the
South if Hancock be defeated, and
Texas and the South will surely win
no great prize in the lottery of politics
if Jones be elected.
In Cincinnati, where National Green
back fiat moneyism has its greatest
orators, where it is noisiest and most
demonstrative, it receives, of more
than 40,000 votes cast, about 410. . It
must be encouraging to Hamman and
we can't help congratulating them;
and then, too, these dispatches, con
taining these encouraging facts for
Hamman and his windy, excitable fol
lowers, reach us on the very day that
Governor Davis, of Texas, issues his
pronunciamicnto squelching Marshal
S. H. Russell. It is Davis
that is tquelched. This Ohio
election is the 'final overthrow of
of the whole Bnck Pomeroy, Davis,
Hamman " layout." They are all laid
out. Hayes and conservatism and hon
est money have dug their graves. Dem
ocracy, it seems has fared badly, but
even 11 it be tne loser it is only
weakened to the extent that it
has been contaminated by the poison
of a suspected alliance with the repu
diators and conductors . of the fiat
money fiasco. In the presence of such
events as these in Ohio, Hamman
should withdraw. Texas, like the
States beyond the Ohio, will declare
unanimously for just and honest
and conservative government. . Of
course the result of the con
test in Ohio leads to the fixed
conclusion that Hancock will defeat
the gusty Mr. Jones. Honest, sturdy,
thinking people are moved by the same
Instincts North and South, and Texas,
as well as Ohio, prefers honesty and
honest money to the proposed hallow
ing paper schemes of Pomeroy, Ham
man and ex-Governor Divls.
Exven hundred and five miles-of
narrow gauge railway lines were con
structed last year. There is now little
attention given to the construction of
broad gauge roads save as these cor sti
tute necessary extensions of old high
ways. In sparsely populated countries,
having few great cities or small towns,
the common railway costs too much to
return profits and cheaper roads alone
pay the shareholders. These newest
roads, where population is sparse, ar
made cheap and light. Austin is
especially interested in the speedy con
struction of a narrow gauge from this
point towards Denver, whence a road,
three feet wide, is making its way to
the Gulf. This road will pass through
El Pso or Santa Fe or both cities, and
Austin should be the point at which
the two systems of roads, broad and
narrow, meet and interchange freights
and passengers. Within five years
after Austin becomes such a point of
consequence of the two systems of
highwsys the city's population will ex
ceed 100,000. Therefore the earnest
ness and persistency with which the
States. has urged the people of
Austin to build twentj-3ve miles of
this road. Thenceforward it will pro
vide for its own progress. Let
the people not be diverted from this
purpose by the agents and mouthpieces
ot these roads.' They and the friends
of Galveston and Houston all oppose
the narrow gauge scheme, and it is the
secret whispered influence of these
corporations, public and private, that
restrains the energies of the people of
the capital. " Another effort will be
made to Induce property owners and
others to invest five per cent, of their
wealth in this scheme. It will give em
ployment to the idle, enrich the rich,
give occupation to many, trade to
merchants and duplicate propertf val
nes, and rsrclj there can be so failure.
a cijiCinnati press dispatch, sent
over the country everywhere, stated
that malignant yellow fever prevailed
ia Louisville. Towns that quarantined
aganst helpless fugitive, providing
for them no hospital or soup houses or
other place of refuge, have hastened
to assert the folly of L misville. But
Cincinnati's selfishness and meanness
wins nothing. Louisville has secured
a monopoly of the good will of the
South even as St. Liuis, Cincinnati
and Chicago have lo;t it. These
places would comLiue with all inhu
man kind to build up a wall of fire
about a plagut-Jtricken town or city,
iney would lorce every man, woman
and child who happened to be in Mem-
phi.', when smitten, to remain there
and rot and die. They would add
thousand fold to the horrors of the
plague. Louisville, conscious that these
internal quarantines have commonly
availed nothing, as at Memphis, Gren
ada, Vicksburg and other places, and
thinking the city secure even if the
plague were not confined to the bos pi
tals, incurred the risks when no re
strictlons upon travelers were imposed.
Generosity to the unfortunate and help
less outstripped terror and selfishness,
and thus far Louisville has been blest.
When the end comes and prosperity
and trade are reproduced the South
should not forget the splendid unselfish
devotion of Louisville or this hideous
baseness of Cincinnati.
Many disgraceful facts and much
coarseness and brutality of speech have
now and then distinguished the con
duct of candidates for office; but the
lowest depths of infamous demagog
ism are reached in Missouri, where a
weaker candidate for Congress causes
the stronger to be indicted, by a
back woods grand jury, for some im
aginary offense against the coun
try's laws. The indictment appear
ing just before the election, the
unlortunate sspiraut tor political hon
ors could make no defense or proper
correction. But people's wits have
been greatly sharpeu'-d by the events
of the post fifteen years. Poverty it
self is a skillful schoolmaster and dem
agogues no longer appeal, with any
degree of success as in former years.
to prejudices and passions that once
plunged the country into a sea of blood.
Equally unsuccessful are they who
would base triumphs upon prejudices
of exploded partisanship, and few peo
ple were not culled about enough over
the continent during the war to learn
invaluable lessons not only in geogra
phy but in men and government. The
wisest, most discreet and prudent are
the best lawgivers, and of all things
the country most needs conservative
and just legislation.
Tite organ of Episcopalianism at
Houston, edited by an accomplished
priest ofThat Ctlf raysi-
Prayer and fasting are coneruoUfl
fet8i.AtogTlid,waJ8K go to,
.. . uue day of the seven
when all men are commanded to re
joice, because the Lora is risen I"
Thanksgiving is the great duty for the
first day of the week, and therefore
the Holy Eucharist is celebrated, as
the earnest of the Church's risen joy.
And never since the first Easter Day,
more than 1800 years ago, has the Holy
Catholic Chuich made Sunday a day
of fasting.
We have been trying to hammer cor
rect conceptions of these questions
into the heads of the politicians and
newspapers, and now surrender the
task to our religious brethren of the
press. Very certainly if future Gov
ernors of Texas don't know any
more about religious facts and the re
quirements of the good book than to
order the people to fast and pray and
weep on Sundays, the people will be
compelled to appoint a spiritual Adju
tant General to run the department of
piety for Governor Hubbard and his
Thb telegraph operator and doctors
in Grenada say the plague was brought
in the air and not in a lady's clothing.
Grenada was most rigorously quaran
antined, as were Jackson, Memphis
and Vicksburg. The poison in the
wind preyed upon the filth it found in
the open sewer and filthy river of
Grenada, and in the horrible bayou
and 5000 undrained vaults used tc-lay
and 10,000 filled with filth and covet
ed with a thin layer of earth. Exhal
ations from these attracted the spores
in the air. They alighted like
grasshoppers and preyed upon
the helpless people absolutely
put to death by incapable, ignor
ant idiots who have rule and
ravaged these towns, through the in
tervention of universal savage suffrage,
for fouiteen years past. Providence had
nothing to do with it, and they who
wonld make people believe it only ren
der reformation in municipal systems
and in hygienic regulations impossible.
Tiir Mutual Life Insurance Compa
ny of New Yoik, which determined to
lower its rates some five years ago and
desisted on account of the opposition
of its own policy-holders and of the
life insurance profession generally,
now reduces the rates on all new poli
cies 30 per cent, for the first two years.
This step is necessitated, it it said, by
the competition of other companies, the
company preferring to attract in this
way than by increased commissions to
sgents. The cost will be met out of a
fund which has accrued from the pur
chase of policies still ia force, and
which has been set apart for the pur
pose of getting a new policy-holder for
every one thus extinguished. This
move occasions considerable - and di
verse comment in insurance circles.
Arms needs most, and will die
without it when either the Internation
al or Central road moves forward, a
narrow gauge railway begun to end at
El Paso and connect with the Denver
road rapidly approaching Northwest
ern Texas. This is an im perati ve com
mercial necessity. It would psy for
itself even while in process of con
struction, by giving employment to
the poor and Idle. Next after this,
we do most need a system of sewage
which will render the existence of a
plague here impossible.
Wk do not join the Sherman Register
in the opinion that the Austin States
man has succeeded in making Col
George Flournoy feel bd. When
lexaa wu "in the worst possible
straits," Ueorge r louruoy stood be
tween her and the enemv. With sword
in hand, at the head of a gallant regi
ment of Texas volunteer, be encoun
tered tne foes or Texas and continued
until the last shot of the war was fired.
11 tne statesman does not wish to
waste its ammunition it bad better find
other game than George Flournoy to
snoot ar. Houston Aye.
The Statesman has always heard
tnat although Col. F. was a colonel of
one of the best rightine regiments in
Walker's Division, he was never under
fire except in a skirmish at Millican'a
Bend. If we are mistaken, the Aye
will please correct us and tell us where
the Colonel and "his sword" were at
Mamfield, Pleasant Hill and Jinkin&'a
Ferry, or name any fight he was in
during the war.
Biehop Haven, that exceeding good
and godly man, who is given to much
speech about the vices of Southern
conduct and character, will preside at
the Methodist conference to sit in this
city November 13. That the man is
honest and earnest we do not doubt;
but if he had kept his mouth shut
when it often flew open to give vent
to opinions of a people snd of their
conduct and character, based upon in
formation derived from others, rather
than from personal observation, the
Bishop would be the more esteemed
for truthfulness, and thus capable of
greater usefulness, ne can do no good
The disease is dying out in Mem
phis. There are doctors who say it
can only exist through a fixed period.
They declare that it can only prevail
in a defined locality for sixty days,
and that within two weeks the plague
will have disappeared aa mysteriously
as it came. It gives way in Memphis,
and not for want of material to prey
upon. The city itself begins to wear
something of its accustomed busy as
pect, and though people returning ask
"who are left?" and not "who is
dead?" the old habitues of the busy
streets reappear one by one, and cot
ton, dethroning Yellow Yack, will soon
be king again.
Hon. Thomas Allen, whose speech
fills a page of each leading St. Louis
newspaper, is a straight Democrat and
known in Texas as the president and
manager, with Col. Ford, of the St.
Louis and Texarkana Railway. If
Texas and the South need practical
rather than political legislr.tion : if
practical railway and financial legisla
tion concern us more than the personal
ambitions of men who would eject
Hayes and substitute Tilden, then Mis
souri would serve Texas well by mak
ing Mr. Allen the successor of Col.
A YOcnr baving yellow feyer went
tn-hjs- fa; 'Ohio. The fever and black
vJKrSecame and the whole family fled.
The boy died of unutterable thirst. If
ignorant people only knew the truth
that in a pure, healthful country at
mosphere the plague is not communica
ble, this brutality of parents and of
brothers to a son and brother would
not have disgraced tne age.
Elections in the Northern States
show that Greenbackism is defunct and
that the Democracy will control both
branches of the next Congress. Now,
let every Southern newspaper and
party-leader insist that John Hancock
be made the successor of RandalUwbo,
it is said by the Philadelphia Time,
will lose bis seat in the House.
They have services at the Catholic
church each morning at 7 o'clock, and
even so at the Episcopal church, and
now Bro. Chaplin has adopted this
hour at his solidly square Baptist in
stitution on the Capitoline hill. In
fact, we can't help thinking that there
is yet going to be much unity among
all the brethren of all the churches.
They have female superintendents
of fairs and female directors and man
agers of public schools and women
vote in New and Old England .in
school elections and in municipal elec
tions if they have taxable property,
and woman is rising in power and 1l
fluence everywhere.
The newspapers ssy that as a gen
eral thing candidates for the Legisla
ture are of debilitated germs, or words
to that effect. There was never a time
when Texas more needed wisdom and
solid worth in legislative councils.
Indiana gains two Democratic repre
sentatives in Congress, while it is con
ceded that Ohio has likewise gained
two. The Greenbacker", up to their
last showing at ail points, have proba
bly elected one Congressman.
Col. A. J. Kellar, of the Ata
liinche, was nominated by the Green
backer' convention at Nashville for
the Governor's office, but declining the
position it was given to a very clever
old gentleman named Tillmnn.
Of all the family ot seven of TL W.
Blew, the good publisher of the Mem
phis Christian Advocate, only one is
left, a little girl. The Methodist
Church should see that she is taken
care of.
The expedition sent down the Mis
sissippi with supplies for suffering peo
ple along the "coast" from Memphis to
Vicksburg will test the value of tar aa
a preventive of the spreading of the
It is thought that so many white
people have fled from the Memphis
district that a negro may be elected to
Congress there in place of the admired
gentleman. Hon. Casey Yoong. -
Tm Sherman Patriot is well pleased
with the Dallas Bassell-Norton Repub
lican State ticket. Republicans of the
Northern and Western counties will
support it solidly.
Nobody la Grenada except the Epis
copal preacher and his wife escaped
the plagne. Bra. Lee's pews will be
crowded next Saadsy, .
Mm of He Notorious Bull
and Desperado.
A Brief
of His
And Ferllrnlara ofllla Death.
(Special to the Ststesmax.
GiDDi.Mis, October 11
William P. Longley, who was hung
at this place tc-lay, 10 the presence of
a vast concourse of people, was per
haps the most daring and desperate
character tnat ever lived to disgrace
any country or died to
appease octrauh
Ia a brief interview with the doomed
wretch, a short while before his exe
cution, the following brief sketch of
his life was obtained
Bill Longley was born on ITill creek.
near Travis, Austin county, Texas,
October, 1851, and the fact that he
passed his twenty-3eventh birthday
in a leion a ceil,
ma not seem to cast any shadow over
his countenance, as he recited the
mssy crimes he has committed. In
1S53, Bill's father, Campbell Longley,
moved to evergreen, then to Wash
ington, but now in (this) Lee count?
At that place he remained with his
father until he was twelve years of
age. He knew nothing save hon
esty, his father and mother be
ing Christians, who tried hard
At that early age, under the truth
ful teachings sf his doting parents, he
made a profession of religion and
into what is familiarly known as the
Campbellite church. He lived in the
happy state of mind of being a firm
believer in God's holy religion until
the "break-up" of the late war, when,
as he said, his
wayward oornsE began.
nn was then fourteen years old. The
country was demoralized and broken
up; negroes free, were insulting and
bearing arms; hundreds of reckless
men from the army were at home, and
hundreds more, who never went intc
the army, were here, pillaging and
plundering. Military government had
been established, and during that crit
ical perio j, the citizens stood back
and would not assist the military in
the suppression of crime, because, as
many asserted, the military were mors
expert in
than those they feigned to put down.
Longley said that many prophesied an
insurrection of the negroes, and the
old gray-headed men, whom he usod
to look up to, seemed to wink at and
be overjoyed whenever a "moke got
his light put out." This condition of
affairs encouraged him, and he soon
began to go astray. He first noticed a
change in his old father, allowing him
to do pretty much as he pleased ; then
he kept bad company and learned to
drink whisky. Soon after he got to
carrying a pistol, and then all his re
ligious thoughts had vanished all bis
religious associates discarded.
.. HiS-FiaaT crime '
was taking a pistol avCSJ front's negro,
which finally vame very common
io"07. wL oe
K l ITiTa 'k'EO Ku,
whom he had attempted to disarm.
This occurred in the "Yegua bottom,"
a section of country at that time not
very attractive to cew-comerp. In the
fall of that year, while at a horse race,
Longley and bis side partner, Johnson
McKeown, got into a fuss with some
negroes who were too strong for them,
and the two white boys backed out.
They, Longley and McKeown, went
into the town of Lexington that night,
where the darkies were having a ''high
old time," in fact, they had taken the
town. Not a white man was to
seen. Longley rode into the biggest
crowd be saw and commenced firing.
and another wounded. Having suc
ceeded so well in these acts of desper
aloism, he became very bold in killing
negroes and taking pistols from others.
Just before Christmas, 1867, Longley
participated in the killing of one negro
and wounding of another, in Burleson
county, after which be left the coun
try, going "out West," where he made
the acquaintance of the Taylor boys,
names familiar in the
in Western Texas. While at York
town, Bill learned that a squad of
Federal soldiers were after him, and
to elude them be mounted a horse and
"lit out." A running fight soon fol
lowed. Bill said one of the soldiers,
st whom he had fired five shots, got so
close to him that he could touch him.
Bill placed his pistol to the soldier's
the man rolled from his horse, desd,
and Bill made his way to Arkansas,
where he fell in with a young man,
whom he afterwards learned to be a
horse thief. He stopped one night
with his new found friend, when the
house was surrounded, and both of
tleai -
to a limb of a tree, and after shooting
st both of them, the mob ran off.
Longley happened to have some money
belted around his person, and the bul
let which was intended for his heart
struck a $20 gold piece, which saved
his life. A younger brother of the
man) who had followed the mob, as
soon as they disappeared, came up and
cut the two young fellows down. "The
other fellow was dead," and Longley
considerably strangled. He staid
around that country until he had
helped to
of the party who hnng him. He then
returned to Burleson county, where he
"killed several negroes" (bis own
words), for which the military offered
a reward of 1000 fer his capture,
lis also killed a negro near Austin and
two more on the Brazs river. He,
with another man, next stole a pair of
horses from a msn named Evans, who
keeps a ferry on the Brazos river. The
owner of the horses raised a party of
twenty men and followed them ; they
were overtaken, and in the scrimmage
A wandering life, always eluding ar
rest, followed, Longley participating
in the killing of three or four white
men, until the spring of 1870, when
be again turns up at home. Owing. to
the rewards on his bead, and the de
urm?oation to have bim,
he could not remain at home, so he
"struck out," determined to leave the
State. Reaching t point near Gaines
ville, iu this Bute, he met up with a
herd of cattle, in charge of a man
named Rector. Longley was employed
aa a herder. Soon afterwards he had
a difficulty with Rector,
He quit tbe drive,' going la a north
erly direction. He got into Ksnsaa,
killed two or three men ; played deputy
sheriff once, participating in the arrest
of three desperate characters, one of
The others were lodged la jail at Abi
lene, and Longley receijed oae hun
NO. 2
dred dolltra as his share of tne reward
He remained in that locality tome time,
ue met a pirty 01 soldiers in a drink
it g saloon one night in Abilene, when
one of them began to blackguard him
about being from Text", running down
the people, and finally asserting "there
was not a virtuous woman in the d d
thieving State." At this Bill "put 1
sad escaped." He was pursued, cap
tured, taken back an J contiaed in 1
guard house, heavily ironed. He
a. . a .
unoeu ir.c guirj ana got away; was
rearrested and locked up, and again
gainea nis uoertv tv "sugarine a sen
unci." Disguising himself, be started
ut Cheyenne, where he joined a min
ing party bound for the Black Hills.
This expedition was broken up bv the
general government. Longley made
oia way oacK to rt Brown, ia that
territory, where, under an assumed
name, he obtained employment in the
government service with a oiarter
master. That ofheer was a little tricky.
and he and Bill carried on a lucrative
business in robbing the government by
and selling to the miners and pioneers
in that fai-otl country. The captain
saw that Longley was gettiog the lion's
snare or the spoils. A quarrel ensued
Bin said he told the oiheer that be bad
learned bim (L) how to ateal, and now
11 "be was getting beat at his own
game h oueht not to squeal." This
enraged the A. Q. M., who went to his
office for arms, and upon returning,
giving him no chance. From that
scrape" he made his escape, but soon
after was arrested . by a iguad of sol
diers who trailed hiin bv the blood
from his feet. Of the treatment re
ceived from this squad Lonclev com
plained most bitterly, sayincr that thev
tortured him by
tying him up by the thumbs, and all
that sort of thing, which nobody is ex
pected to believe. Before getting
back to the fort. Lonitlev escaped from
his captors, and made bis wsy scross
the'eountry, many miles he said, the
wotst he ever saw, until he reached a
camp or Snake, Bannock and other
Indians. He proposed friendship, join
ed one of the tribes, and lived a con
siderable time with them. He partici
pated in a number of raids upon and
fights with the United States soldiers,
a great number of whom
On bis return from the plains, he
killed a young man in a small town in
Western Kansas ; a reward was offered.
amounting to $1500. for his srres'. He
met two men, and together the three
put up a job on the sheriff. Bill was
arrested, taken to the town, and jailed. ,
11 is captors claimed and receivad the
full reward. Before leaving town.
they told the sheriff they wanted to see
the prisoner; the officer accompanied
them to the jail; in a twinkling, they
had him disarmed, gagged and thrown
into the cell ;
got $500 of the reward money and the
three rode off.
Longley returned to Texas, and was
guilty of various acts of murder, law
lessness and crime, until the day upon
which he
April 1, 1875. He attributes tbatkill-
ng to tbe-ittflueflce of his "Uncle
Cale-.-whose son had been killed, as
rBill supposed, bv Anderson, and it
was to avenge his cousin's deatb'that
EWieeiraga u bucu an extentnat ne
etermined to Kin aoaenun. v
cowAiia uncle denies the "soft im
peachment," and vaya that be begged
Bill to leaye the country for the fam
ily's sake, which William promised to
do. Upon the morning ol the killing
he rode over to a field where Anderson
was plowing. Longley was armed
with two six-shooters and" 1 thotfflP,
which he had taken frem a negro two
days before: " When Anderson csme
out to the end of the row, about thir
ty ards from where I was sitting on
my horse," said Longley, " I raised
beTmy gun to my face and fired one barrel
at bis breast." lie slapped bis hand
to bis breast and said, "Oh, God 1 what
did you shoot me for?"
was Longley's reply, when be shot him
with the other barrel and then rode off.
Before his arrest two or more victims
met their death at the hands of this
reveler in human gore, and the whole
number of men that he has killed, he
has said,
In every instance he " bad the drop
on his man," and always used bis ad
vantages. ."Why make a fight unless
you intend to win it?" was his theory,
and he practiced it with dreadful ef
fect. Of all the cowardly, cold-blooded
murders committed by Longley
none equalled in atrocity the slaying of
Wilson Anderson, for which be to-day
paid the penalty with bis life.
His pursuit, capture, trial, convic
tion, appeal to the Court of Appeals
snd affirmation of the finding in the
court below are all familiar to the read
ers of the Statesman, and need not
bo here repeated. Tne ssme may said
of the scene in court when Judge Tur
upon him. Since that time he has
been confined in the Giddings jil, snd
of late it is said that a great change
naa come over mm.
Two petitions, one from an ancle in
California, asking full pardon ; another
from Nacogdoches county, for commu
tation to life imprisonment, reached
the Governor some time since. He de
clined to interfere with the execution
of the law.
The morning of the execution
opened with heavy and lowering
clouds, emblems of the dark deeds for
which Bill Longley was to die on the
gallows. Towards noon the clouds be
gan to break. As a precautionary meas
ure, the sheriff put double guards at
the jail last night, and to-day 150
armed men were enrolled to preserve
the peace, and an additional measure
was to close all the drinking bouses
for the entire day. By daylight this
morning, every road leading to town
was lined with people, old and young,
male and female; negroes predominat
ing. Tbe cotton patches for miles
around were deserted tc-lay. Tbe
crowd was estimated at 4000. The
scaffold was a modern structure, erect
ed north of town, in a large, open
soace. The drop was about twelve feet.
Longley rested well last night. He
aaid to a jailor this morning, who
visited bis cell, that it was bis faith in
God that kept bim np; were it not for
that he would weaken at tbe last
moment. To others he hss said be
would rather kill a man than take tbe
Lord's name ia vain. It was his ruling
passion strong in death. He was visited
last night and this morning by Rev.
Father Spillard, of the Austin Catholic
Church. At a later visit the Holy rJae
rament was administered to the doomed
man, wbo was anointed and professed
faith In Jesus and wss willing to die.
Visitors, including reporters, at tbe re
quest of Longley, were denied admis
sion to tbe jail to-dsy. At 10 o'clock
be was put ia aa ambulance and con
veyed to the gallows. Ia this yebicle,
besides tbe prisoner, rode the sheriff,
two deputies, Rev. rather Qnerat, of
Houston, and Rev. Father Spillard.
It is learned sow, from parties
on the coroner. Jury who sat ca
UpabUahed every moraine except Monday.'
e published every Thar, Hay Bornlce.
All bnslnees correspondence, cojnraor;lr,a,
rt. should be addressed to
Anitln, Texas
Bill Langley'a cousin, Cale Lmgley,
that ho was killed by being thrown
from a horse while drunk, his head
striking a tree, and Bill admits that
he deserved hanging for killing An
derson. Anderson did not kill Cale
Father Spillard has been with run.
all the morning. Upon the priest's re
tirement Longley asked his guards to
sing him some good tld Methodist
tunes. They com plied with "Amanno-
Grace, How Sweet the Sound," etc
The only relative who visited him
tc-jsy wss a ten-vear-old ;.
Lizzie Carnes. Tbe scene at nartino
was truly sffectin?. V Don rerhino
the gallows, after tbe preliminary ar
rangements, during which Lonelev
surveyed the scaffold and rav a rli mix
tions how to tie the , rope, when a
hatchet was asked for. he wanted ta
know if they were going to cut his
head off. He walked ud the stairs
ith a light fantastic tread, a bricht
smile upon his countenance, and a
lighted cigar in bis mouth. Fearing
the steps might give wsv, when
about half way up. he stormed, and
laughingly said be didn't want to'b-aai
ShintT Brown addressed the
pie that had gathered to witness the
scene in a few very appropriate re
marks upon tbe unpleasant dutv ha
was called on to perform, and then
turning to Longley, read ths death
warrant. After which Lonclev ad.
dressed the crowd brief! v. savins? .
"Well, I haven't got much to say.
have got to die. I see a
good many enemies around me, and
mighty few friends. I hone . to
God you will all forgive me; I will
you. I La to to die, of course;
any man hates to die, but I have
learned this by taking the lives of men
who loved life as well as I do. If 1
have any friends here, I hope they will
do nothing to avenge my death ; it they
wsnt to help me, let them prsy for me.
near mat my brother is in the
crowd. I hope he aia't. but if he is.
a . . . " -
nope ne win not take anybody s lir,
to avenge mine. I have done enoucb
of that. I deserve this fate. It's a
debt I owe for my wild, reckless
life. When it is paid it will -bo
all over with. I hope you will
all forgive me: I will forgive vou:
whether you do or not. mav Ood for
give me. I have nothing more to ssy."
The condemned man then knelt w ith
Father Spillard and offered up a short
prayer. Rising, ht announced hla
readiness to proceed. After his arma
and legs were pinioned, he bade an
affectionate adieu to all on the scaf
fold with him, embracing Fathers Spil
lard and Querat. He thanked Sheriff
T).n.n r w:- 1.1 3 ..
iih uig.aiuuuciB, as Riso ma f
J . ffn . . .... ..
ucuuties. turning nis lace, still vr
up with a bright smile, he said
The blsck cap was then drawn over
his face, the fatal rope adjusted around
his neck, and the sheriff announced all
ready. The culprit braced himself for
the terrible plunge be was about to
take, clutching a white handkerchief
tightly in his left hand. The string; ...
was cut, the trsp fell, and . "
the confessed murderer of thirty-two '
men, "not counting niggers and Mexi
cans," hung between heaven and earth. v.
Notwithstanding the rope slipped upon
the beam, extending his fall almost to
his knees, Longley's neck wos broken.
He fell through the trap at precisely
8:113, aud in eleven minutes after lifu
was pronounced extinct. After being
cut down, the body was buried bv tha
faith while in Galveston jail, aud wta
baptised by Father Cbambodut. The
Statesman's reporter was told yester
day that of late, Longley has written
many affectionate letters to different
Earties, the last one being addrcsed to
is father. His brother was not pres
ent in Giddings yesterday, although,
generally believed to the contrary. ,
Great credit is due Sheriff Jim Brown
for'ibs admirable and orderly mannr'
InwhicJ be managed this. tho-crCt
notable Banging in the crUjrffial histo
ry of TexAv
Gen. Von Moltke is now 78, or, la
be exact, will be 78 on the twenty
sixth of next month, and yet does not
look much older than he did twenty
years ago. In more respects tbsn one
he is an iron man, having an iron wilL
an iron constitution, snd an iron char
acter, ne deserves to be called tha (
Iron Count quite as much as Welling
ton ever deserved to be called the Iron
Duke, for be is, if anything, more un
yielding and of sterner disposition than
tbe great Irish-Englishman. He is a
member of an ancient family of Meck
lenburg, where be was born, and wbero J
his ancestors bad their seat for centuries.
Soon after his birth his father, a mill-
tary officer, a regular martinet, lef -Mecklenberg
and went to Holstein,
quiring an estate in the Duchy.
younger Moltke, having spent twelve
years there, bas been thought by many
to be a native. At eighteen he wtn
sent, with his brothers, to tbe military
academy of Copenhagen, where disci
pline almcst Spartan in severity laid
the foundation of bis inflexible charac
ter. Four years later he entered the
Prussian army as cornet, and his fath
er, soon after, losing all bis property,
the young man bad to work bard tore
tain bis position, tbe pay of Prussian
officers of tbe lower grade being very
small. Having determined to get on
somehow, be got on, for, with him,
to will is to succeed. He even saved
enough from his pittsnce to take let
sons in foreign languages, which hsve
since served bim in excellent stead.
He has said that without such knowl
edge be could not bsve been half
utefal as be bas been in tbe field. Ue
thinks knowledge of languages indu
pensablo to a commanding officer ia
Europe. As a strategist, be is without
a peer, most of tbe battles of tbe wan
of Prussia with poor little Denmark (a
mere military oppression), Austria and
France baving been planned by him
beforehand, and fought avcjrdiog to
hla nlan. He has incurred -it
pleasure by a remark asctib'V
that ne did not, annates
eoatest, feel any interest in arc
mobs. It is altogether likely that ho -said
so. Our forces, both North and
South, must hsve seemed as mobs to a
thoroughly trained and exclusive sol
dier of bis stamp. He could not con
ceive that near two millions of men,
taken from every grade of civil life1,
could render efficient military service,
and be does not, in all probability, un
derstand it yet.
The great quene question is what is
now agitating San Francisco citizens
of Chinese origin. The bberiff Las
been cutting ot tbe pig-tail .ornaments
of his almond-eyed prisoner, by vir
tue of an ordinance to that effect, and
a frightful hubbub be bas cauaed, fur
tbe victims regard themselves ss for
ever disgraced by tbe lose of their
carefully cultivated append krs.
Loog Ah Kit, Ccu Lin, Cbocg Lon;
Ling and Fag Wit have begun suit ia
the United States circuit court awaits',
tbe sheriff, and they claim $10,0 J J
damages each. Four other suits, by
gentlemen whose names sound t&ach
like those just given, hsve len pend
ing for so&e weeks, and fifteen more
are preparing their papers to bts;ia
proceedings. Tbe sheriff is not t
cheerful as be was when he was wip
ing his little scissors, and would r&th
er provide tbe irate Mongolian wuh
first-rate switches of "real hair" tbkq
pay them ths 12-iQ,QQ

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