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« ETERNAL HOSTILITY TO EVERY FORM OF OPPRESSION OYER THE MIND OR BODY OF MAN."—Jtmitoif.
LOUIS 0. COWAN, Editor and Proprietor. BIDDEFORD, MAINE, FRIDAY, JULY 4, 1856 VOLUME XII.—NUMBER 27. UNION AND EASTERN JOURNAL. TV* I'aim tad Jnaraal b ytMliM «>if] him, a« X*. 1, Oawml Skak, ofpualM Ua IktMM Hutu*. TV»r— tl — »>f iiiim.hII » la Ufa* U« Ua* ol MteTthta*. Hagti sup** 4 ara.a. l_r V. >. falvr, ih« kmrtno+a Ki»» ^*<">11* *m Ml/ aalfc«rlM4 %a»ni •ktaaf Nav Yarfc, laM, mmi ItlUJ-tfa*. —4 a dtO/ —pawl f lata rinrtnw mil aa* ssrtpttoaa at lh* aaaa rata* as n«iuW kf m. IllsWt M are—JTaw Tar#, Trikaaa MWk|l t hM la*'» Baueiag fMrndt^km, M. W. ma thii* aaU Cbwiaei atnac MARC I'M WATttON. MlUr. Sgrlrultar al. Bare Toar Plums Row. We begin to think thia can bo done. We were yesterday oo Um grounds of one of our beet borticuliuruU, awl ■* Um application, and ha*e eome faith in ita succomn. Oar friand thinka thara ia no chance for mistake about ita efficacy, lie inionatfd ua that ha appliad it laat year, after the curculio had begun ita ravagee, and that it not only aaved thoae which were unetung, hut many of tba pluau on which the inaeel had left hia card, haalad up and ripened well. Tba liquid en ters the opaued wound and destroys the egg. Tbia ia tba only remedy ba haa evur found to avail againat thia slippery enemy of ona of our beat fruita. Ilia racipa ia—Una peek of unalackad lima, six pound* of «lt, one bar ral of water. The mixture ia to be appliad with a com mon garden syringe. If ona application ia not sufficient, repeat it. A aingle applica tion aaewercd with him laat year. No time is to be luat, aa the young plume are already aat, and the enemy haa begun to show himeelf. If a syringe is nol to be bad, sprinkle on the liquid in some other way.— The mixture ia cheap and easily applied, and every man who haa a plum tree should try it. Thia ia tba moat philoaophical remedy wa hare yet seen suggeated, and wa commend it, with moru confidence than moat new things, to the notice of fruit growers. If it answers our expectations, it will be worth millions to tho country.—Amtncan Ayn cuUyfiat. What Can b« done in a Garden/ Thirty years ago, I purchased aa estal> lishmsnt, consisting of a dwelling house, bam, carriage and wood-houss, calculating to make it a permanent residence. Then; wu attached a little land for a garden, on which were juat five apple tries, and in front three Balm of Giload: the tree* were all about six inches in diameter at that time ; bat two of the apple tore* were hollow, and I cut one of them down, after trying to make it do something and finding I could not. j1 Well, all the apple traes bora something for fruit, and eo crabbed and sour they would make a pig squeal. At thia time I wu en gaged aa a trader, and had a country ator0 to look after, which occupied all «y time but, aa time went on, and atsgo-coaches and railroad cars aucceedcd cat anothsr, I had mora time ; for I c*u» now travel aa far in i lour houra aa I cvuld then in two entire day* with mj taaai. Well, fur amusement I grafted all the four gradually, or year by , year, cutting off the old branches, and graft ing the limbs with Roxbury Ruwcto, New York Ruaseta, Baldwin*, 4c., all the best 1 could find. Now for the rasulta—I have had about ten barrels of good apples, annually, to put up for winter, for three or four years past. besides all we used in the family of fire, and we have used them freely, all we wanted, till time to gather tbo winter ap ple*. I have a yard in front of my house, about forty feet squara, in front of whtsh are two of the IUlm jfGilead tree* beforo mentioned, which are now large trees, and have been left outside of the front fence ; but inside of the fence I jet oat, about Un year* ago, three pear trass of the common summer pear, which now give us all the pears we want, for they have borne well for about four years. From the p«ar trees to the house 1 have filled the spacs with fiowsr beds, and have had many varieties, say twen ty kinds of ruses, and asarly one bundled kinds of other tlowvre. I have planted tin the aouth aide of my buildinga, nut to the passage to the barn, pluma, peaches, and grapes. The peachca have not succwded well, nor the plums, to I cut the plum trees off, and grafted them with the Grasn and Purple Gage, only three or four yean ago, •o that 1 have to prop the small branches.— My grapes began to bear last year ; I had about a basket; and should think about doublo the quantity this year. I have set out somo quince trees, but they do not bear yet. Beside* tho tree* and grape tine*, 1 harr annuallj raised about Ira or fifteen bushels of potato**, six or seven bushrls of bwts ami carroU, tone English turnips and ruta b«gu, and a f«w abbtgn and onion*, m many a* our folks wanted to use. Wo bare also bad beans, peas, and corn, what we wanted to use green , I have anuuailj about throe or four busbels of dry euro, one bush el of pop oora, and a west corn enough to plant injaclf, and supply my neighbor*.— Also, 1 hare annuallj raised cucumbers, water and inusk*nelloas, summer and win ter squashes, one or two hundred or one thousand pounds, of pumpkins. All this has been raised on lea than half an acre >f ground, including building* and driveway— and I hare had mors vegetables for years in my family than sums men that cultivate one hundred acres—all on p-x>r gravelly. New Hampshire land, without any help but my girU in tba flower departmeht. And as Goldsmith says, •' we make every rod of land ■upport its man."—Car. JV. E. farmrr. Tpx Coax Gbtb. TU corn crop Km •vroral CjiuiidubU) tpunwi to cootrnd with, and among thnn ia the (nib, which aotne timea litermlly deatroja whole Soldi, and fre quently damages th« crop aerioualy. One of tba baat aad moat jodicioiw remedifla—per haps tba wy ba am aaggaatad—ia the ap plication of uh aa toon aa Um plant makca it* appearance above ground. Take ow part rummun suit and three parts plaster 01 gypsum, and apply about a full table* poon ful around «*ch hill, and it wiH be found to be a sure protection. Tbe mixture should not come in contact with the sprouts, as it ma/ destroy tbern. This method has been tried over and over again bj some of tbe beat farmer* of Pennsylvania, Delaware and Jersey, and when properly applied, has nev er failed to be perfectly successful. We hop* our farmers, who hare reason to fear the depredations of tbe grub this season, will try this mixture, leaving a few alternate rows of corn without tbe salt, and cummun icite to us the result.— GYrr/virUoiffi TtU groph. Directions for Preserving Fruit (is*dial Dirktioxs roa Pkkmmving. Per haps at tbe present season a few general hints on preserving, for ths use of a young housewife, may not be unacceptable. Sev eral of the directions may appear needless ; but there may be some inexperienced per sons to whom they may be beneficial. 1. Let everything used for the purpose be clean and dry; especially bottles. 2. Never place a preserving pan fiat on the firt, as this will render the preserve lia ble to burn lo, as it is called ; that is say, to adhere closely to the metal, and then to burn, it should always rest on a trevct, or on the lower bar of the kitchen range. 3. After the augur is added to them, •tir Ihe preserves geutljr at first, and more quickly towards the end, without quitting them until thoy aro done; this precaution will prevent their being spoiled. 4. All preserves should be perfectly clear from the scum as it rises. 5. Fruit which is to be preserved in sjr up must fint bo blanched or boiled gently until, it is sufficiently softened to absorb the sugar; and a thin "jrrup must be poured on it at Brut or it will shrivel instead of remain ing plump and becoming clear. Thus, if its weight of sugar is .to ho allowed, and boiled to a syrup, with a pint of water to the pound, only half the weight must bo taken at first, and this miut not be boiled with the water more than fifteen or twentj minutes at the commencement of the pro cuss. A part of the remaining sugar must be added every time the syrup is reboiled, unless it should be otherwise directed in the receipt. 0. To pnwerve both the true flavor and the color of fruil in jnrns and jellies, boil them rapidly until they are well reduced, brfort the sugar is added, and quicklj after wards ; but do not allow them to become so much thickened that the sugar will not dis solve iu them ea«iJy and throw up iU scum. In some seasons the juice is so much richer thau in others that thia eflbet take* place al. most before one is aware of it; but the drop which adhere* to the skimmer, when it is held up, will show the state it has reached. ?. Never u*e tin, iron, or pewter spoons or skimmer* for preserves, m they will con vert (he color of red fruit into a dingy pur ple, ami impart, besides, a »cry unpleasant flavor. 8. When cheup jama or jellies are re quired make them at onco with loaf augur, but uae that which is uitU rejSurd always for preserves in generul. It u a false economy to purchase an inferior kind as, there is great wnste from it in the quantity of scum which it throws up.— GoJey's Lady't Book. Hay Ctpa. Dr. Franklin's maiiin, that "a penny wm-d was two pence earned," is one which frequently applies with a good deal of per tinency to the business of the farmer. It is often, indeed, the cose that by neglect, he lows more in a hour than he can earn in a day, or norv in a week than he oan return by the most exhausting labor to his treas ury in a month. This is particularly true in "haying time," when he is required to be perpetually on the alert, and to watch his "hands" in the mowing grounds, with one eye, while with other he marks the aspcct of the heavens and the direction of the cloud*. Showers, however, often come un expectedly, occasioning serious loss, because ho haa no tmmn* of protecting the haj ex posed in hia fields from their injurious ef fecta. In "catching weather," almost every farmer feela svnaibly the want of lome meth od of protection to obviate theae unpleasant consequences, and we are happy to aay that modern ingenuity haa at laat supplied the deaideratum in the durable, efficient and economical hay cap. Thia is made by di viding weba of ahceting, (one yard wide,) into atripa of two jarda in length, and aow ing two of theae atripa together. The edgea ahould b« "hemmed," the cornet* turned down one inch, and turned again, and fas tened by firmly aewing the whole in order to form a fastening through which a loop may be outdo fur the attachment of a strong twine. When the cap ia thrown over the hay-cock, a long pin ia inserted in thia, and throat a little upward Into the hay to pre vent the hay being blown off, and keep it in ita place. Uood aheeting that c>«ta from ; nine to ten centa a yard, will make excellent : protector*, and, with proper care, will laat a life-time. For grain, when large atacka are to be cofered, caps of larger size may be uaed. Some recommend using painted can rasa, or canvaaa saturated with simple oil; but experience haa shown that cap made of unprepared cloth, in the manner 1 above prescribed, if properly taken care of, are fully aa efficient, much cheaper, and equally aa durable. Painted canvass, or oiled cloth of any kind, h*s a teudency to break on being folded, and when broken, ceaaea to be of any service. The tents made for the soldiers, are never, , I believe, oiled or painted ; at least, I have seen cone so prepared. A friend to whom , 1 some y« are since recommended the use of , tho ♦•cap," wrote me recently aa follow* r concerning them: " 1 find the • hay cap' all you recommend ed it to be, and m<»rr. The season in this , section haa been very 'catching,' but I have i had no hay spoilt or ray much damaged although in one atom of three day» I had out several tuna. My cap* protected all ex cept six cooks, which I covered partiallj with therti from the bedi. 1 harft uaed the cape in protecting my oats, wh^at, rye, tar ley and peas, and hare more than aared their entire cost in two seasons, the cape being now as good, to all appearance, as when they were first made up. My neighbor! are us ing them this season." A Niw-nEgundxx. Gtrmantou71 TtUgraph. To Paxsxari Goosxbxxrixs. Take full grown gooeeberriee before they are ripe, pick them, and put them into wide-mouthed bottles, cork them gently with new, .soft corks, and put them in an oren, from which the bread has been drawn, let them stand till they have shrunk nearly a quarter, then take them out and beat the corka in tight, cut them off lervl with the bottle, and rosin them down close. Keep them in a dry place. JELisrtllnntons. The Hundred Dollar Bill and Four Aerei of Land. ■r ANtoN n. cLirrou. Mr. John Somen vu a merchant, doing business in a thriving country Tillage. He had two clerks in hia employ, but with dif ference in minor points of character. Pe ter White was twenty-one years of ags, the child of a now widowed mother, and in the choico of a profession ho had only been gov erned by the desire to yield to his mother and self the surest means of honest support. Walter Sturges was one of the same age, and equally as honest, but he paid moro at tention to outward appcarance of things, than did his companion. For instanoe, it galled him to put on bis frock and overalls, ! and help pack pork, potatow, and so on; while Peter cared not what ho did, so long us his master required it, and it was honest. One day Mr. Somen called the two young men into his counting-room, and closed tho door after them. His countenance lookod troubled, and it was sowo moment bofore he spoke. " Boys," he said at length, •» I havo been doing a very foolish thing. I hare lent my name to those I thought my friends, and thoy hare ruined me. 1 gave them accom modation notes, and they promised solemn ly that thoso notes should not pass from their hands save to such men us I might ac cept. Of oourse 1 took their notes in ex change. They have now failsd and cleared out, and have left my paper in the market to the amount of acven or eight thousand | dollars. I m^uriw again, but I must give • up my business. Everything in tho store is I attached, and I am left utterly powerless to I do business now I havo looked over your accounts, and I find that I owe you about a hundred dollars each. Now, I have just a hundred dollars in money, and a small pieco of land on tho side of tho hill just buck of the town houso. Then* are four acres of land and I havo been offered a hundred dolla^ for it by thoeo who have landi adjoining. I feared this blow which has come upon mo, and 1 conveyed this land to my brother; so now he can convey it to whom ho ploanen Now I wish you to make your choice. If 1 could pay jou both in tnonoy I would, buf 1 cannot, one of you must take this land. Whutsayyou? You, Walter, havo boon with mo tho longest, and you shall say first." Walter Sturgos hesitated somo moment*, and he said: " I'm sure I don't want tho land, unless 1 could sell it right off." " Ah, but that won't do," returned Mr. Somen. " If you tako tho land you must keep it. Were jou to sell it, my creditore would say at once that you did it for me, and that I pocketod the money." " Then I am willing to divide tho hun dred dollan with Peter, for if 1 had the land I should do nothing with it.'' " You need not divide the money fori can easily raise the hundred dollan on the land. My brother will do that. But I imagined that you would prefer the land, for I know the soil was good, though quite rocky.— However what say you, Teter ?" "Why, 1 will take tho land," returned Peter, •' or I will divide equally with Wal ter—each of us take half of tho money and half ot the land." " llut whatshould lwaniwuu inoianu: returned Walter. " I could not work it, I —I should hardly like to descend from a clerkship to digging and delving in blue frock and cowhide boots." Then it is easily settled," rejoined Peter, '• for I should prefer the land." Walter was pleased with this, and before night he had the hundred dollar bill in his pockct, and Peter had the warrantee deed of fouruens of land upon the hill aide. Both the young men belonged in the village, tfhd had always lived there. It was only five miles fron the city, and of oourso many city fashions wore prevalent there. It wai under the influence of this fashion that Walter Sturges refused to have anything lo do with the land. Time* were dull, and business slack, even though it was early spring. Peter White's Unit object, after having got the deed of his land, was to hunt up some kind of work. Ilad he been a mechanic he might havo found some place, but be knew no trade except that oi salesman and book keeping. A whole week he searched in vain for employ* ment, but at the eud of that time be fooud an old farmer who wanted a hand, though he oould not afford to pay much. But Pe ' ter finally, and with the advice of Mr. Som en, rnado an arrangement of this kind: He would work for the old farmer (Mr. Stevens) steadily until the ground was open, and then he ahould devote half the time to hu own land, and in part payment for his ser> vioea, Stereos was to help about the ox work that the youth might need. Next Pete: J went to tho hotel, where there was quit* i ■table, and engaged ft hundred loads o manure, tho landlord promising.to take hi pay in produce, when lmrront time came So Peter White put on a blue frock nnc cow-hido boot*, and went to work for farm' cr Stereos. In the meantime Walter Sturges had been to the citjr to find a situation in aome store, but he came back booties*. He wu surpris ed when he met Peter driving an ox team through the Tillage. At first he could hard ly believe his own eyes. Could it be possi ble that that was Peter White, in that blue frock and those ooaree hoots ? On the next day a relation from the city came to visit Walter. Tho two walked out, and durin tho day Walter saw Peter coining to wan them with histeam. He was hauling lun bcr which Mr. Stevens had been getting ot during the winter. Walter saw how ooan and humble his quondam clerkmate looket and ho knew that Peter would hail him they met; so he caught his companion b the arm and dodged into a by-lano. PeU saw the movement, and he understood it but ho only smiled. By-and-by the nnov was all gono from tho hill side. Tho wintr garb was removed from tho spot some timS before it left other places, for Peter's lot lay on the southern slope of tho hill, snd thus had all the advantages of the warm sun all day without any of tho cold north and cast winds. The youth found his land very rocky, but none of them were 'permanent; so his first move was to got off some of these obstructions, and as Mr. Stevens' land was not yot clear of snow, he was ablo to givo his young workman considerable assistance. They took two yokes of oxen and two drags and went at it, and in just five days overy rock was at the foot of the slope, and made into a good stono wall. Peter then hauled his hundred loads of manure which ho had bought for sovonty-fivo dollars, and part of it plowed in, and part ho saved for his top dressing. reter now worked early and late, ana much of the time ho had help. Mr. Stevens was surprised at tho richness of tho Boil, but there was no reason for it. At tho top of the hill there was a • hugo ledge, and (he rock* that had cumt>ercd tho hill Hide must at tome former period, hare come tumbling down from the ledge ; and these rocks lay ing there for ages perhaps, and covering halt tho Huriuco of the ground, had served to keep the ground moist and mellow. Tho first thing that Peter planted was about a quarter of an aero of water melons. lie then got iu some early garden sauce, such as potutoes, sweet corn, pens, beans, rudixh o*, cucumbers, tomatoes and so on. And be got his whole piece worked up and plant ed beforo Stevens' farm was clear from snow. People stopped in the road and gazed up tho hill side in wonder. Why bad that spot never been used before ? For forty years it bad been used as a sheep pasture, the rocks having forbidden all thoughts of cultivating it. Hut how admirable it was situated for early tilling; and how rich tho soil must have been, with sheep runing over it bo long. An adjoining hill shut iff the oast winds, aud tho hill itself gavo its back to tho chill north. Peter had planted an aero of corn, an aero of potatoes, and the reat ho had dividod among all sorU of producc. Then ho went to work for Stevens again, and in a few weeks ho had taado up for all tho labor ho had been obliged to hire on his own land. In the mean time, again, Wulter Sturges had been looking for employment. His hun dred dollars were used up to the last penny, and just then he accepted a place in ono of tho stores in tho village, at a salary of thrco hundred dollars a year. Ho still wondered bow Peter White could content himself in such business. Peter used to bo invited to all the little parties when ho was a clerk, but ho was not invited now. Walter Stur ges went to theso parties, and he was high ly ediBod by them. 'Also, when Peter was a clerk, there wero several young and hand some damsels who loved to bath in tho sun light of his smiles, and one of them he fan-» cied ho lorod. After he had got his hill sido planted, ho went to »oo Cordelia Henderson, nod he asked her to bocorao his wife at some future period when he was prepared to take Kuch an articlo to hi* home. Sho told him Hho would think of it and let him know by letter. Throo days afterward* he received a letter from her, in which sho stated that ■lie could not think of uniting her destinies with a man who could only delvo in the earth for u livelihood, Peter shed a few tears over the unexpected note, and then ho reasoned on the subject, and finully blessed his fate, for ho was suro that such a girl was not what he needed for a wife. When the first of .July camo, Peter reck ed up his accounts, and he found that Mr. Stevens wan owing him just two dollars, and all ho owed in the world was seventy-five dollars fur manure. On thu third day of July ho curried to the htotel, ten dollars' worth of green peas, Ixuns and radishes ; and in threw days afterwards ho carried to tho city twenty-eight dollars'worth. To wards the end of the month ho had sold one hundred and thirty dollars' worth of early potatoes, poos, beans, etc. Then ho hud early corn enough to bring him fifteen dol lars more. Ere long his melons were ripe, and a dealer engaged them all. Ho had six hundred fair melons, for which he received fourteen cents apiece by tho lot, making eighty-four dollars for the whole. During the whole summer IYter was kept (hist in attending to the gathering and sell ing the products of his hill sido. Ho help ed Mr. Stevens in haying, and about come other matters—enough so that he conld have some help when ho wanted it. When last harvesting oanie, he gathered in seventy eight bushels of corn and four hundred bushels of potatoes, besides turnips, squash es, pumpkins, etc., and eighteen busbals of white beans. On the first day of Xomnber, Peter White sat down and reckoned ap the prooecds of his land, and found that the pieoe had yield Ied him just fire dollar*, and txsidcn this h had corn, potatm*, beans and Tcgetabln i enough for his own consumption. Tha winter ho worked for Mr. Stevens at getting I 'out lumber for twenty dollars per month «nd when spring mine, he was ready to get at his land again. In the meantime, Walter Stargea had worked a jear at a fashionable calling foi three hundred dollar*, and at tho end of the term ho was the absolute owner of juat two dollar*. ' 11 Say Peter, jou aren't going to work on t^at land of jour* another season are you ?" naked Walter, as the two met in tho street one evening. ^ - " — 'u it J ^ uu....v fivo of that went for manure ; but aotne of that manure ia now on hand, aa I found the land to rich last year aa not to need much more than half of it. Thia season I shall have two hundred dollara worth of straw berries, if nothing happena unusual." And jou don't hare to work any winter* to do thia." " So, four montha' labor ia about all I can lay out to advantage on it." Walter went to his store, and during the rest of the evening ho wondered how it waa that aomo folks hud so much luck. During the accond season Peter had ex perience for a guide, and ho filled up ijany gaps that he left open the year before. His* atruwberricM turned out better than ho had anticipated, and ho mado better arrange ment for his melons. And then from all that land whereupon he planted hia ocirly pcoa, etc., ho obtained a accond crop of much value. It was but ono hour's dri ve into the city, and he always obtained the highest p iocs, for ho brought tho earliest vegetables in the market. On the first of the next November ho had cleared seven hundred dollars for the reason over and al>ovo all expenses. One morning after the crop* were all in, i Peter found a man walking about over the land and a» the young man came up the stranger asked him who owned tho hill side. " It is mine, sir," replied Peter. Tho man looked about and then went away, on tho next day he coins ugjin with two others. They look* d over tho place, and they seemed to bu dividing it off into small lots. They remained about an hour und then went away. Peter sus]»cctcd tho land was want<>d for something. That even ing ho stepped in at tho post office, and thoro ho hiurd that a railroad was going to be put through tho village as soou us tho workmen could be set at it. On tho next morning Potor went out up on his land, and as ho reached tho upper boundary ho turned and looked down, tho truth flashed upon him. His hill sido had agendo, easy slope, and tho view from any part of it was delightful. A brook run through it, from an exhaustlem spring up in tho ledgo, and tho locality would ho cool and agremblo in summer and warm in win ter. At the foot of tho hill, on tho loft, lay a small lake, whilo tho river ran in sight for acvcrul miles. •• Of course," soliloquized Peter, "they think this would mako beautiful building lots. And wouldn't it ? Curious that I never thought of it before. And then when the railroad comes here, people from the city will want their dwellings hero. But this land is valuablo. It is worth—let roc sco :—say six hundred dollars a year. I can easily get eight or nino hundred for what 1 can easily raiso here, and I know that two hundred dollars will pay mo a good round price for all I perform on it. And thon when my peach trees grow up, and my strawberry beds increase—Ho—it's more valuublo to mo than it could bo to any ono else." When Peter wont homo ho could not re sist tho temptation to sit down and calculate how many houao lots his land would make ; and he found that his hill sido would afford fifty building spots, with a good garden to each one. But ho didn't think of soiling. Two days afterwards, six men camo to look at the land, and after travelling over it and sticking up some stakes, they went awuy. That ovening Peter went down to the hotel, and the first thing ho heard was : 41 Aha, Peto, you've missod It." " How so ?" arkod Peter. " Why, how much did you get Tor your hill iido?" " What do you mean ?" " Haven't you sold it ?" 44 No, sir." 44 Why, there wa* a man here looking at it a week or so ago, and to-day ho came and brought fivo city merchant* with him, audi can tukc my outli that each ono of them en gaged a building lot of him. Ono of them ..poke to mo about what u lovely spot it wa? and I told him noltody would hare thought o' building there till you got the rock*off." •' But haven't you sold it, though ?" 44 No not an inch of it.*' 14 Why that man told mo he hart eng.ig<,«! to pay four hundred dollar* for a choicj lot of twelve square rod*." . *• Then he will find hi* lot somewhere eh» I guow, till I sell out." Some mere conversation waa held, awl then Peter went home. On the following forenoon, the very man who had been th« first to come and look at the hill aide, calk*! to *ao Peter, and introduced himself a* Mr. Anderson. 44 Let'* we—l believe you own some twn or three acre* of land up hers on tho hil tide," he said, very carelewly. 441 own four acre* there,'* replied Peter, very exactly. i 44 All, yea—well; it doesn't make mucli i difference. I didn't notico jmrticularly liow I much there was. I thought I should liki ; to build their if you' would sell the ladH , reasonable, I might like to purchase. It would be enough to afford mo quite'a gar den ; though I auppo<e it would coat about as much to till auch laud oa the produce would be worth. " That would depend upon how you work* ed it," said Peter dryly. "0, jet, I suppose ao. But jou are will ing to aell out, I auppoee?" 44 Certainly." Tho man's eytt began to brighten. 44 lfow much do jou want for it?" he oaked. •4 Well I don't know. Whit could you afford to pay?" 44 Why, I suppose I could afford to pay a great deal more than it ia worth, Ilathcr than not have it I would pay—well, say two hundred dollars, or two hundred and fifty at tho ouUido." 441 don't think thero ia much use of our talking, air." 44 But—you paid one hundred, only, if I mistake not." " I hod my choice between ono hundred dollars and tho land, and I choao tho latter. But at you seem to labor in the dark, I will explain to you. In tho first place, there u not another spot of land in this sec tion of tho country that possesses tho natur al advantages which this ono does. I can have my early peas und Tines up and hoed before my neighbors get their ground plow ed ; so I have my early sauce in market ahead of all others, savo a few hot-house owners, whoso plants cannot comparo with mine for strength und site. Then my soil is very rich, and yiolds fifty per cent, more than most other land. Now look at this: During tho last Hcason I have realized over eight hundred dollars from this land, and next season I can get much tnoro t!ian that, for my strawberry vines are flourishing fine ly. Thcr>' are not any two farms in this town that can possibly bj made to reulizoao much money as my hill side, for you see it is tho time for my produce, and not the quantity, that does tho business. A bushel of my early pens on tho twenty-second day of Muy nre worth ten timed us much as my neighltor's bushel on tho first of July and August. Two hundred dollars will more than pay for my time and trouble in at tending to my land ; so you see 1 havo this year nix hundred dollars interest." " Then you wouldn't sell for less than six hvndred, I suppo-o?" said Mr. Anderson carefully. •• Would you sell out a conccm that was yielding you a net profit of six hun dred d .liars u year for that sum sir?" asked Peter. •• A-hcm—well—ah—you put it rather curiously." "Then I'll put it plainly. You may have tho hill sido for ten thousand dol lars." Mr. Anderson laughed: but lio found tlmt Peter wiut in earnest, and lie commenced to cureo und swear. At tlii«, Peter Himply turnod and left his customer to himself, and saw nothing more of the speculator. Two days afterwards, however, three of the merchants curno to seo our hero, and when they hud heard his simplo story, they wero ready to do justice hy hiin. Tliey went up and examined the spring, which they found to lie pure as crystal, and as it was then a dry season they saw that the supply of water could never fail, ami all the houses might he built on Peter's land could 1m supp ied with running water even in the very attics of the upper ones. The merchants flntt went to the man who owned the land a!>ovo Peter's including the ledge and the spring, and he agreed to sell for two hundred dollars. This, to builders, was a great Imrguin, for tho stone of tliei ledge was ciccllent granite. They then cnllod a surveyor and mado a plot of the hill side, whereby they found that they could have forty building lot*, worth from two hundred and fifty to four hundred dol lars each. They hesitated not a moment after the plot was made, but paid Petar bis ten thousand dollars cheerfully. Ere many dap after tho transaction, Pe ter Whito received a very polito note from Cordelia Henderson, asking him to call and see her ; but ho did not call. Ilo hunted up Mr. Somrrs and went into businem with him, nnd this very day Somen A White do husincm in that town, and Walter Sturgi" is their book keeper. And in all tho country thcro is not a prettier spot than thojold hill side. The railroad depot is near its foot, and it is occupied by sumptuous dwell* ings in which live five merchants who do business in the aJj.cent city. One thing Peter miMOU—that lie <uu not reaerve u building t>|M»t for himaelf. Hut hi* good fortune attended liini, even lien*. A wealthy lianker had occuaion to move to another aection of the country, and tolil out hi* liouxu and gurden to Peter f for just one half what it coat hiui. So IVter took a wife who loved him whi n he dug in the earth, and found a home for her and him aelf upon the hill «ide. And now, render, where do you think the hill aide in? Ptfrlupt you know ; for it ia a veritable history I Ituvo b vn writing, and tlfe place I lure told you uluut ia now one of the m *t aeloct auhurban rvaidonous. IIow it Lrox* ion PtsvYirvM*.—The American Orjan publiahvd at \Yimhiagt»n, Mi^a: "Senator Broidhcad (almini-trnti >u !)• mocr.it) ol P< ntylvji.ia, oj» n!y •! lar -I .» few duv* ago, in ihia city, tlui Mr. Uu cluinun iMtld not eurrv Poniwvliania. Mr. Hroadlnad ia one of the ahtevt d »t |> diii-ir • in the country, and know* PcMylvauta <i« well aa any man living." Senator Scnxh ia now (topping at Mr. Ulaitlie ia still very weak,but able U walk in the garden. The Young M&n'i Leisure. Young Man ! after the dutiw of the daj are over, how do you spend your evening#'i When hiuineM is dull, and leuvca at your j disposal ninny unoccupied hour*, whnt di» j position do you make of them? I hare known and now know, many young men, who, if they devoted to any scientific, or literary, or profenional pursuits, tho time they *pcnd in games of chance, and loung ing in bed, might rise to any eminence.— You hare all read of the sexton's ion, who became a fine astronomer l>v spending a short time every evening in giuing at tho stars after ringing the bell for nine o'clock. Sir William Phipps, who at tho age of forty five had attained the order of knighthood, and tho office of High SherifT of New Kng land, and Governor of Massachusetts, learn ed to read and write after his eighteenth year, of a ship carpenter in Itoston. Wil liam Gilford, the great editor of tlie Quar terly, was an apprentice to u shoemaker, and spent his leisure hours in study. And because he had neitlier pen nor paper, slate nor pencil, he wrought out his problems on smooth leather with a blunt awl. David Rlttenhoaso, tho American Astron omer, when a plow-boy, was observed to have covered his plow and fences with fig ures nnd calculations. James Ferguson, the grunt Scotch Astronomer, learned to read by himself, nnd mastered the elements of astronomy while n shepherd's lioy in the fields by night. And perhaps, it is not too j much to say, that if tho hours wasted in ; idlo company, in vain conversation at the1 tavern, wero only spent in tho pursuit of , useful knowledge, the dullest upprantico in any of our slio|«t might become an intelli gent iiiciiiUt of society, and a fit jterson for most of our civil otiiccs. By, such u course, the rough coloring of many a youth is laid aside ; and their ideas, inst-nd of U'ing on-; fined to local subjects nnd technicalities, j might rango tho wido fields of creation ; and | other stars from among tho young men of I this city might bo added to the list of worth-! ies that are gilding nur cjuntry with bright , yot mellow light.—Her. Dr. Murray. Teitimonal to the Hon. Chas. Sumner Several cititons of Boaton, being di-*irou« of expressing their unqualified approbation of the lato BjKVch of tho lion. C ha*. Sum ner, in a substantial testimonial, circulated the following document for signature*, in Boston, un<l in Worcester at t!io Convention: "Mig desirouR of exjirit^ing to the Hon. Chas. Sumner, in somo permanent ami ap propriate form, our udmiration of hi* sj>ot less public and private character, of our lively gratitu e for his dauuth-ss courage iu the defence of freedom on the floor *»f Con gress, mid ctprciaVy of our unjua/ijinl ap probation of hi* speech in liehalf of fn* Humus, delivered in the Senate on the i!0th of May la*t—a sj>oec!i characterized by com prehensive knowledge of the subject, by log ical ucutciies*, and by Spartan intrepidity in its chastisement of impiitv—for which lie lias well nigh lost hi* life, at the brutal and cowardly hands of u creature for w hich thanks to the rarity of their appearunce, tho EngliHh tongue, lut*yet, no appropriate name, wru deem it uliki' a privilege und an honor to participate in offering him fume Huitahle token of our sentiments. For thin purp wo we suliscribo the levcral sums set opposite our name*. Among tho Rigr.uturcR to tln'R document aro those of JoRiali (juincy, Son., Ilenrv W. Longfellow, F. I). Huntington, dared Spurks, H. H. Dana, Jr , Edward Everett, George Bliss, Charlen Hudson, Win. Brig ham, J. G. Goodrich, Carlos Pierce, and about eighty others. Tho amount already subscribed i'r eight hundred dollar*. It is proposed to raise the ruio to fifteen hundred dollurs. Light Springing up. Every body knows, at leant by reputa lion, who Lung John Went worth in, ami that ho in the proprietor and •alitor of the Chicago Democrat. In hit jxipor of April 'Jth, ho thus ("jmikM: The proprietor of thin piper (John Wcnt worth) for the last twenty yuan ha* sup ported the regular nominations of the dem* oeratic jurty, and nil his sympithics now are with the principles of that party, as illustrated hy the administrations of Jeffer son, Jackson, and Vun lluren. These prm ciples now, which he d«em» primary, seem to have become rtondary tu tho M-hcmc* ol aspiring demagogues, w- o are continual!) duUirhing our slavery c. mpromi**, and endeavoring to profit hy the ill feeling which they themselves provoke between thr North and the South It would take the democratic |mrty not fift^n minutes Ui e ttU the whole slavery difficulty, tiid r.*JCnrv the party to it* orig inal harmony. Kansas applies li.r aduii* »ion, with her CMMtitution. in accordance with the I'nitcd States constitution. &!i« has electa! her two senutors and a repiwn tative, who ure r ady to take their mite mid to u< t with tlio deuio<T.itii* flirty th>' motu 'tit tin')' uiv MWiirn in. 11' but the Jr» • SUto m-nator*, alone, would vote for th U'liui'wioti of K.iiiki«, in lilVvn itiitmU*** »!■«■ would Ik> in tin Uni mi, aiuI tli • whole •hvn rr oontrotwj nettled. lint if tli«»jr •Iwuld »-ttl.f tin- »hiverj amirotfiKj, »uch ugitu t-»n* as I>t»a^lui* \ l'o. would loio their ?i» ctlion. U i* uvnl'-nt from tli4 mfuftil t<> mliuit Kiiiikih, tliat IV)UfI u i«n<! hit | «rij ii.t.Mi.l to k.— i> »la\irv u^it.itiun aliie ;»» an irn|Mirtnnt Moment in tiiu uj >|4roachiti£ I'ti-mlintiii! I'loctiun. While *»•! have not now, nor ncvor had, iuij uif«itliv with tlx* juris with which Mr. MJIIanl Filuwm lm« ulw^v* iot«"d, w«' I ».<L ii|>>ii tin |t!ntfnriii «.l the c>nwn ti->11 whiHi n«)ini; <i I Tuin a* mi entire u|> timv.it of llir ronrr-* of t) • i^'. m A Co. in , relation to Kan»-i*. *•.», ihnnforv, *«t I intkii tllal t'l lu |i^« ;..t to !».• u n W lii»H ami a third ticket In itilo'Ji- d,aP'l in otdur to uttain imriM, tii.it liekici iuo»t j be the embodiment of the jiriucij»leB of Urn great democratic party, woich accomplished I to much good under tho administrations of Jefferson, Jackson and Van Bun-ti. We roust go luck and take democratic heart* wherever they inaj bavo been found Tor tho last ten jean, and orgnnixe them Into on« grrfat, national democratic party, which ■hall respect tho rights of the slaveholder! and yet arrest their attempted inroads upon tho rights of non-olareholdera in our territo ries Touching Anecdote of Oen. Jackson. The Western Christian Advocate records the following interesting anecdote of (Jcn ernl Jackson. Tho «ene of it was in tho Tennessee Annual Conference, held at Nash, ville. leas than a year before the hero's death* and to which he had been invited by a rota of tho members, that tbey might have the pleasure of an introduction to him Pie Committee was appointed, and tha General fixed the time for 0 o'clock on Mon day morning. Tho Conference room being too small to accommodate the hundreds who wished to witness tho introduction, one of th« churches was substituted, and an hour before the time, filled to overflowing. Front scats weru reserved for tho member* of the Conference, which was called to order by the ftisbop, seated in a largo chair in the altar just before the pulpit. After prayers the committee retired, and in a minute after entered, conducting tho man whom all do* lighted to honor. They led him to the Blah op's chair which was made vacant for him, he, meunwhilc, occupying another placo within the altar. The .Secretary wa* direct ed to call the tunica or the mem ben of tho Conference, which he did in alphabetical order, <*ch coming forward and receiving from the Iii*ho|> u personal introduction to the ex-1"resident, mid immediately retiring to give jilace to tho n«'*t. Tho eervtnony hail nearly fieen cotnpl. r>>|, when tho Sec retary rend the name of lie*. J J dm* T , uii elderly gentleman with a weather-lieatcn fact;, clud in a ruit of jean*, aro*e and caruo forward. Few Hcctned to know liiiu. 'U0 hud alwayi l»een on the circuit, on the fron tier; and though ulway* at Conference, h* never troubled it with long rpeuchfw, but kept hi* *eat, end «aid but In tie— but t' tt little, Jiowov. r, «w ulway* to the pur |Mi»e. Mr. T. came forward and wn« intro duced to (ten. r.il Jackson. II-* turned hi* head toward* the (icnerul, who mid, " It to me that we have met before." TilU proaclicr, itp|Ktreiitly einltarruMed, Mid, " I wu with you through the (ire»-k Cam|ttign —one of your guard at the Iwttlo of llorno j Shoe—and fought under your command | New OrlcatM." Tho General a row »low|y from hiw mnt, and throwing hii long, with ' "red, bony arm*around the preacher'* neck. i <>xclaii»c<], " >> o il mi .n moci wnoro tnero - no war—where tho smoke of Initio never .roll* up it* sulphurous incense!" Ncrer before or sinco, linve I seen ft) mnny tears idled, jiM then flowed forth from tho eyes of that vast assembly. Every eye «ui moist with weeping. Klovcn yean Imvo |*inm>1 away since thut day. The hero ha* Ia-ij more than ten in hi* nilont homo. Tho voico that cheered tho • rooming fight, ami thun dered in tho r-.ir of routed uimics, it silent forever. Tho old preacher, too, has fought !iia hint Wattle, laid his armour by, and gone homo to hiu eternal rest. The Boy of the Timea. We like an active boy—one who has tho impulse of tho ago—of tho stcamboit in aim. A lar.y, plodding, snail-paced elup, might liuvo got along in tho world fifty year* ago, hut ho don't do for these time)). We lire in an age of quick idea*, Men think quick, out, sleep, court, marry and dio quick—and slow coaches are not tolerated. " lioahead, if you hurst your boiler !" is tho motto of every ono—and ho succeeds tho best in every lino of business who has tho most of " do or die" in biiu. Strive, boys, to cntch tho spirit of tho times ; bo up and drewed always, not gapp ing and rubbing your eyes as if you were half asleep—but lie wide awake fur what over may turn up, and you willj bo some body lieforo you dio. Think, plan, reflect as much ns you pleaso hoforo you aut, but think quickly, closely, and when you have fixed jour eye upon an object, spring for tho mark at once. Hut above all things lie honest, if you intend to be an artist, carve in tho wood, oIiImI it in Um marble—if n merchunt, write it in your l.dger. l>ct honesty l«o your guiding sUr. Oi.ii PiuiViiRUS.—I letter he the bead of tho yeomanry than tail of the gentry. llowure of a silent dog and still water. It is not cu»y to t» ghten in tlio oak tho crook that gr-w in ilu *apling. There i* tuuuy a good wife who cannot •Unco or «iii£ well. i hi mil nov. r liiixot mend li you run iuuuno without .* i'heru m uiiu j»iw i m ile in tin vjuiitrj :»n«l oTi-rjr iii*iii lliink* ho li.u» pit h«*r. L-aii ni*rt\ i* i tluu uc »lut> ry. I'lui • Irni an tnu|itjr |>ur»o liut w laii ol 'tdicr lolk * money. Duo might an *"11 lw uut of lli j worid a * ■ loved ly iiolwd} in ii. ilo that known iiih'TuI tiling, mnl not lie libit kn iW» null}' tiling-, i» liiO Win' Ui.UI As we must (voder mi mvuunt «»i • * ,ry idle wrd, wi iiiuot wo liki'WMi of our idle nilenoa. Hi* in a m rthhan fellow who livi* oiiljr for liitimelf. I iti »m. ii|«»n fortune, but totiduet. lt ftiu Ithi with hut littlofclww, y>u nuij iocvmw It uftrrwurd». Adtbtf wh«l \* tin* uurt | W'.iii(,lmt wlwt i» nt«Mrt HBi'flil. 1U) <*>iit»ntr l mi l thankful; A cUvrful •piril WhIuS Ll»ir li^kt, »U'|» and .ill »r>HinJ rlH'*rful. It j<»o»h i« .i Mui.'l i tid:o<*l i»afctnir; ^|. , «ii<i »ld *%•< u r-'gi jt. liio •aiMltH o ol liio m uudo up of VvfJ little boaiut, liut arc bright all the time.