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The Union and eastern journal. [volume] (Biddeford [Me.]) 1854-1858, July 11, 1856, Image 1

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Ol(jc Glnioti
LOUIS 0. COWAN, Editor and Proprietor.
T!m Unlm >»l hrtm t« inHDiM »w;
F*i»4T, at N». I, C«au*l Mm, >k* MMrt r'
I'M. T*m»—t* *l par mumim.m |1 to If paM 1
l» Uw ai|»tiMlr»« Dm iUm <4 mta ubu(. Si»nW
• igMi 4 *"M*. £/ X. L Naw, lb* AwntMii >■»»
p«tMT Aflll !• IV) Mlly yt'H M tktt Hi*"
la tlk« «<U*« of N«» t ik, •>»!
kn4 U 4i4j «>u|>-«cr*-l u Uka •» u»l »«i»
•crt|»U'»n» u l<M Md r>a*« M r«|«M k) M*. UU i4
•m tn-.Vrw tf|r|,Tf<NiiM ■aiMtnf* i HwU*, total
(•<•U4II.I11« rkUutlfU*. *• W. eo«w TfcU< «ail
MAMM'H VTATtlOS. INrliit«r.
Hay Miking.
When it ia reruouilvrvd that " all f1ea*h ia
gr**a,"'—which is a tmo propuaitlou—it
will tx« soon that the rauff of the huj erop:
to the world ia Iwyond calculation. When,
wo of tho valu>< of hay we liaro refer-1
one? to ita nutritive«|ua1itic>H; fur hay which
hiul loat thoae, would, ofeourao he aa vulue
1«« aa atr.nr. The ra»re perfect tlio olo-1
lurnt* of nutrition in grai* are prwcrved in
luy, the more valnahle and economical it ia
for feeding pnr|<09cn.
The period at which hay ia cnt lioa much ;
to do with it* nutritivo value. While the
graaa ia growing, and especially during t!»e |
latter part of growing, tho ateim and lmvoa
contain considerable quantities of augur aud
gutu, which aro transformed into woudy 1
fibre tuoatly during tho ripcuing pruoc**,
ami into *«eds. Therefore, when gran ha* ,
attained ita growth, it gains nothing in >
nutritire value hy atandiug. The woody I
fihft' which ia form'.'d and exists in the ri
pWwd gra«*, is for the inowt part tndigcati-'
)4e, and ewry farm t knowa tliat more tliun
half the »**d usually shatter* out when the
gra» In left t.» staii'I till ripe.
I)r. Thompson, in his " Experimental re
surcix* on th» F<kkI of Animals," males
some TCTT judicious remarks. Ho says:
" When gross first springs abort* tho sur- '
face of tho eurth, tho principal constituent
of its early f»Lwi w is water, tho amount of
•olid matter being comparatirely trifling;
as it rises higher into day, the deposition of
a more indurated form of earbm gradually
l».v)ni'H more f »n«idcrahl*; t!ie sugar and
rotable matter at first increasing, then grad
ually diminishing, to gire way to tho d*>
position of woody substance."
If the sugar be an important elc-nent of
the food of animals, then it sliould be tho
object of the farmer to cut gran* for hay
making, at that period when the target
amount of matter soluble in water is con- ,
tained in it. This is tt*<ur<«lly at an earlier
period of its growth than wbcu it baa shot |
into wed, for it is then that w«H>dy natter I
predominate*; a sulwtanoo totally insoluble i
In watjr, ami therefore loss calculated to
■enre as fv*l to animals than substance*:
oupahlo of a.Muming a soluble condition.
This is the first point for oonsidcrution in
the production of hay, sineo it ought to b.>
the object of the farmer to pre* n o tho hay
for wint-r i».> in th> Condition most resem
bling tho graa* in its highlit r tate of per
fection. Tlit) a.vond consideration in hay
making is to dry the grass und r tucli cir
cumstance* as to rvtain the soluble portion
iu perfect integrity.
TV «»re*»t cause of t!io deterioration ol >
liay is the* water which may l>e prv-eut,,
•ithiTlrutn th * ituouipleto^uioval of the,
ualurul amount of wat * in tho grass l>y ,
drying,or by th • absorption of this dai<i
from th«*»ttn<Water, when existing
in bay, from either of the** wuh'w, will
induco f Tin -nUtiun, a proe.*«< hy which one
of the iu >«t imp »rt int oonstitii.mta of th<'
gra«*, ri«., sugar will ho destroyed. The 1
action ii'*.v*sary for ileoompoaing tho sugar
in in In vd hy the albumin.ut* .natter of the
grow*; tho element* of th»> sugar are made
to (Met tin each other in tho ui »i»t state iu
which they exbt, in eorwjqwnco of tho
piv*one-> uf the water and oil, and aru,
convert si into alcohol and carbonic acid.
The nloohol produced in a heat si hay
stack in in any cam may be detected hy the
•iiuilurity of the odor dbengnged to tliat,
pcrceptihlo in a bfewery. Wo uk tliit
comparison because it Iwm more tlian once;
been sngg»«tjd to n* hy agrlculturbta.
Tho amount of aoluhlo imttrr oapahlo of i
Iwing taken up fKihi liay by cold water Uf
»" much a* fir© per cent., or* third of the ,
whole soluble matter in hay. We may.
theref ire, r<rui some notion of th* injury
IkMl to In pnxlucad by or<ry shower of
rain, wluch druQobee tho fields during liay
harreat. It is not only, bowerer, th*) l>«*t
which it *ustaiu«, in r>gtrd to Uie sugar and
soluhl* units, that rvnd< nt hay so much
lea* aeoeptulde than grass to the appetite of
cattle. The blotching which it undergone
ia tho win, deprive* it of the only peeuliari-,
ty which dutiiigubhc* the one form of fod
der from tlw other; gr»»« deprived of »t«,
gx\<eu coloring matter present* esictly the i
npj»nranco of «traw, so that snob hay ought |
to ho termed grans-straw. It UebvioM that
tho operation of bay-making m usually
c>»duet'\l, haa a t©o<L»hry to rrmo*e a
great p >rti in of the wax in the graes.*
Hay-making t« rtally a rerr nl<~ npera
tioa, though wo are aware it is not generally
regard ft] a# such. The method of curing
♦•in eock" has important aduantagee iu
making all kind* of bar. Timo#y and
Rod.top hay la aa much superior eared In
cock to thut exposed to tho M.^aching pn>
eeas a* b red rl.tvor. The object ahould he
to preserve the pen appearance of tho
growing graas. If groas 1a exposed to the
sun to cure, the eolor ia lost in a gmil meas
ure. It ia the praeticoof K. L. IVU, F#q.»
of lister county, N. Y., to cut hi* gra»
ar?\ draw immediately into tho harn, aud
sprinkle o*en!y upon cneh Lvsr comiu. > a
salt,in the pr(l|NfttM4f ah»it one huah. l
to a ton. U i a»v«, •• Tho tilt prevents mow
burning nulling, lc., a »d tho stock aire
• induood to eat It as grnllly as they would
nev* in iwb grass, which it nmily n»?«ntilji
M Its u> nt nutritious juices ars preserved,
hoiug diflWal thrwugh tbe steia of the en
tire pknl at tkat-portud V its growth. If
left on tbe grouud till tbe seed ripens, the
wicharine juice of the plum u Kwt." There
are objection! to putting to lurgo a quanti
ty of fctlt i:pm hay us a huihcl to u tun.
Animal* partaking of tujr *j decisively
wilt, la the r«»ld weather of wiutcr, require
iimiK'tMO quantities of water, which kpp
thviu constantly chill v and ahlvcring. Wo
prefer partially curing In the cock, apply
ing n pailful! of xalt to a ton, and if Home
well k-pt »tr*w u at h ind mixing alternate
la vent with tlw clover and th>-n cut alt«>
gethvr at the time of fiwdiug.—I'rairir
•It t* ••errtrfiueti, by expert netiT, lh»l n»<«r«
Ih.iti Itirvel.xirth, of IV w it»r i« rriu.ived «Jur
mjf ih«* tituu! bajr-uiAtu; pnxr*». Ed.
Corn for FodJer.
We And in the Ohio Cultivator the fol
lowing communication from Mr. K. Plru*,
mi the rawing corn for fodder aud for feed
•iug green. It U worth attention. In this
region, it has been u common practiiv of
late yearn for our f.rntr* and «lairy {icople
' to ww coru »o that it aliail corue into feed
iug green in Augiut and S.'pk'wiNr. It in |
Iajpxxj precaution uguirwt < iort panturoa in
I thu«o montlia. Ilut to tlu> article in que*-1
Farmers differ as to which is tho best |
method of rai»ing corn for fodder. I have i
raised it for four years. I plant it in drills
four foot ajurt one way, mid two ieet tlir 1
other, fnuu four to seven in a lull. Last |
year I planted half an aero at first planting,
tliat was r«ady to cut on the 1st of Auguiit,
In five to my mi!rh cows in tho evening.— !
I planted another field | of three acres ou
the 23d of Juue, on un old meadow where
the grass had run out. When tho first field 1
was gone, thin was ready to begin with.— I
The cow* will give more ajid better milk by j
using this feed. Lost year I had a field
tlut was in logs, briars, %Ukr», and u little (
^nuw. Wo cleared it off, plowed it, and |
plant -<1 the com on tho 1st of July. It
was so wot that it wu not cultivate!, and
wu» iu roustiug curs the last of September.
The stalk* were from eight to ten feet high. i
Two years ago I had two acres, one half
was old, well run, tho other was now
ground. 1 planted on the 15th of June,
cultivated it, aud hoed it, and hud no more
than four or five stalks in tho hill. When '
it cauio in tasMul, I began to feed from it 1
1 cut out tlw small.«t stalks first, until I
cut it all up. I husked out) hundred bush
el* or earn Irom it.
Simo people think that the shocks should
j lx» made small; it Is not noeiwsaiy. The
I lund* will not interfere witii the ear.—
| Wlwu the shock* are larg*. the f*ldi»r keeps j
1 bright. It will not do to put it iu mow or
i staek, as it will heat and mould.
I F#i it Trkks. All ogre©, i«nrs a leading ,
cultivator of fruit in Ma* uehuKtts, that
the proper and only judicious nuthod of ,
I preparing tho soil for fruit tree*, is subsoil*i
J <ng or tren-hing tho earth to the depth of
j eb^itfvn thchea or two f.xt, and that, dur
ing toe ptunM, tho upper and luwur soils,
together with tho appropriate manure, ]
' should b« thoroughly Incorporated; the .
1 cultivator who i.» not willing to take these j
' preliminary measure*, hud hotter abandon
tho projeet of laUiug fruit trees and save |
j both his time and his rnoucy.
Downing statu that the bwt compost for
i fruit trees is p ut and ashm; five bushels of
I fresh, or ten bu.-dicls of leuchul ashes, and
a wagon Ui 1 of jvat, containing lime, and
potash, and j hosphati».
Lrt this compost lie a fortnight. Add to |
every cart loud two bushels uir-elackod lime
< for apple t.v*.
i Add half a bushel of ground bones, two
buslwls ol lc-ich.il ushes. or four or fire j
pounds of potash dissolved in water ior jour ;
Ail-i Linf n IniJthtfl of anhoc, athI a peck ot
I Kilt tor plum tnv*.
Add two hushcl* of Uticliod mho* for
poaoh And cb«ry
Add a busliel of litno, a Inishel of a*h<w,
| halt liiwhrl of pla»tcr, for pmpe rim*.
Tho compel may Iw put on two inch<«
thick and forkid in no m to curcr th« ■
j ground so far a* t!x> root* attend.
Th<- proportion* will rnry according to
' thc«tuiintitr of «\>ui|iOHt to be made.
< By tiut analyni* of Dr. Knuuon*, tho nth
of tho appl* trw contain* mon* tliau one
half lime, no lim« largely preponderate* in
the uuuuro. Tho ash of the pear ttw cv»n
| tain* the largest amount of phutfphato ol
> linr*, *o bono dust should preponderato in
1 th<* manure.
CoiKnav. Wrn. Wirt*# letter to hi»
daughter on the "sioall, »*«•! oourtraicw ol |
I Ufa," contains a pa««aco fr»*n which a deal
j of happlnr*-* might ho loarncd: 4,I want to
1 t<*ll y*m a mxrvt. T1h> way to rnuko jour
mV vl»«in?toothrr> is to .how that jrou
r.iw for thorn. • The world is like the miller
of Mansfield, 'who carud lur nobody — no
n»t he—Nocuiso noWj Cared for him.'—
Ami tho whitlo world will noire too fc» if
you giro thorn the Mac cause. Let otcry
1 (.no, therefore, sre that yon do enro for
1 th-m, by showing them what Stcnio bo hap- |
pily calls "tlie small, sweet courtewe*," iu
' whioh thcrv is do puntd««; wIion» voice is
to (Ull, to owe, and which iu.mi Test thiiu
«rtn« by Imfa and affoctiotuto look*, and
little kind acts of attention, Ktv'nn "''u>rfc
the prvkrvtuo in every little « njovment at
th«> tehlc, iu Ilia Sold, walking, sitting or
, A Fwius. A vinui; man onoo nickM up
1 a Mtiwlfl lrhi'^ on th« n«d. Km alVr
w.irU, a* ha walUxl ulonjg, 1m» kept hi» tjm
lU>li •U'uJllv U|KM1 lt)tt IdWIlHi, JU l«u|x*
iind an. > titer. Aui iu Ufct vourau uf a Ioil;
I tic Iw did pwk up, at difLivui iiim*u »«l
I v naiuN*r of coin*, £>ld mid aflv«r. Rat'
.til Ihcv rmn», vtiiiio ho «u* t.Mkia* tor |
liKiO, be *1* m»« Uul t 4 iMtYMM Wvrv
' bright above h at, Mini luiuro lk-.mtilul,
1 around. lie no*«r onou all m «.-d hi* •*«*» to '
look up fruin Ibe muJ and filth in which If
* »ught the tnuAure ; and wl„ n ho dUd—a I
. ri« h old man—ho only knew Uim lair mrlii ;
v>l our* a* a dirt/ roaJ in which W pick up ,
money m jou walk along !
j JUiarrlhiifons.
Sermon by ilov. J T. 0. Kichols,
1'rc.iciicd, Jinx 15, 1850, to tub Sico.xd
1'auuu, u Sacu.
We aro aroused occasionally by what wo
tinn, sooiowhut fancifully, 'iwriloui tinus.'
It in w.uid*rful that wc are not oftener ami
more deeply aroused, by provalmt Iniquities.
We ilttp otut moral Tolciinocu. Now and
then, there is au eruption—as lately—and
we are startled. Our strong towers tatter. |
Our citadcl yf liberty quaku*. Wo run to
Kvtht-r, and cry in amazement and fear, (
•' What will bv» next ?" Whcro are wo?"
" Mou and brethren, what sliali we do? " |
Hat tlio tornade jmv**. The cumin >tion
nuiM. We put out our light*, shut our
eyes, nnd go to sleep uguin.
Siuicthing like this lias boon taking place
from the l>cginning;—from the Jays of Cain,
to the days of Xouh ;—from tlio Flood, to
the Bondage in Egypt;—from 1'luiruoli, to {
lkl»ha/.*urfrom Daniel in the lions' deu,
to the Slaughter of the little children in
llothlehem from the beheading of John
the liaptNt, to the piercing of our Lord ;—
from l'ilate, to Nero ;—from the burning of
the Christiana in Home, to the last tragedy
in Washington.
Sin cro[* out hero nml then*. » o see it;
—hate it;—fear it;—hold indignation moot*
iiig* ut itand then f»ryrt it. Except
oncc in a wliile, " Pai l's spirit in stirred in
him, while bo waits ut Athens, and the |
cit)* wholly given to idolatryor, a I a - |
TuUt gets waked up by it;—or, a few I'il j
ci!um Fatiikks take it in hand ;—or, n Jons
IIixcock nml John Adams and flitorcai:
Wasiitnotox bccotuo persuaded that iomo-|
thin^ ought to Ik* done a'» >i:t it. Thenj
*)UKthilig count* to Jum. Felix trembles
fy ninnies, ceclesiastic.il and civil, totter und
fall, and they rule, whoso right aud duty it
in to rulo.
I.ct us pray for more Paul hpirits. l/»t
us pray that as long, as there are Popw, |
there may l»e Luthcrs,—and Mcluucthons |
too. And that as long as there is a despot
in tho Old World, the stock of tho Pilgrim
Fat' era niny be k<>pt g<> >d in the Now; that
while then' is a fi ?orgo Third adinin'stration, I
there may boa George Washington admin
istratiun. i
11at we have something clso.to do, my
friends, besides coming together to condemn '
iniquity in high place*. Let that l>c done, j
I wy nothing in di»pu ugemcnt of that.
Sin in the high places of this land is com• j
plt*x, multiplex, ain. Itiannot he a mere
isolated occurrence. Congret»-men are rcj>
rcecntntivo tu n. They staud for State*.'
The States are mpowililn, nupectively, for
the doing* of these their Agents and Repre
sentatives. Cabinet men uro National men.
flie Nation accvpts a« its own, unites it I
promptly and dx-idodly rejects and dis >wns
tiieir acta. The influence, not only of their
voicc, hut of their cjamplt, is felt, for good
or for ill, through the nathn. Kvery grow -
uiind und forming character among us, takes
hue aud sliape somewhat from thomiud and.
character of the men wo send to represent
us in tho State and Natiou.
I)onot, therefore, understand me to affirm,
thut unrightful* and tyrannous uud mur-,
dcrous deeds in tho liigh place* of our land,
do not call for our rebuke. They do call
for it—from tho Pulpit, to the humblest cot.
They call for more than our iudignation. |
They demand rectification at our hands, and
•OLurity, so far as !t is in our |>ower to give i
it, against their repetition.
Mot what I wish | nrtieularly now to draw
attention to, as a mutter of no less concern
to us, und which has special importance
from our constaut liability to forget it, is
the fact, that, seen or unseen,abroad Inetn- j
inent stations, or at home in our own hearts, •
sin is, tmK-tUintiully ami radically, tho Kinie(
thing;—as hitcfu! and perilous, as brutal
aud tyraniioiu, htrt in u.t, as without us,'
and afar otT.
1 liavu heard it said in pruisoof ulatedis
tiuguiahed philanthropic, that ho was so
much engrossed with bis gtcut work of res
cuing othir.i from degradation und suffering,
that lie had wholly forgotteu ho himself had
a soul to suve.
The self forgetting spirit, in the true cl^
nilicanee and application of it, is worthy in*
deed of all rcverence and love, liut there
waf no much, to uiy mind, of yrit, us of
praise, in the remark referred to. It wus
sud to uie, not merely :w regarded Lim, of
whom it was nude, but as suggesting a very
common liability. Every iuuii'ii greatest
hiuin(*H, whether as rr*jxvt« himself or the
PkmI of others, is with his awn soul. If we1
*v "in aiKl condemn it in others, hut an
Mind to it, or forget it, In ourselves, wlut
Jo we? Wlut are we? The teaching* of
the Saviour must lie too familiar to require
an answer. " U*A<i/ shall a man ytrc in is
rhanjr for his soul?" •• Work out," toy*i
the Apostle, ''your own salcation
Let us direct attention, then, to tho fart,
llmt if tho terrible iniquities that have late
ly stirred every gtiienus and rightly dis
posal mind among us to its very depths, are
justly deemed worthy of our unqualified
con lemnatiou, as tlagrant violation* of i
Christian and civil law, aud as blows struck <
successively at tho root of our inalienable
rights and liberties, that such, also, is the in'
trinsu and unuirsal chanutrr of sin, wheth
er we liave so r.-gard. d it ur not, rren as it,
rsisti now in our own losoais.
Tito crudtLxion of " the Son of Man,"
was a deed lu rvg trl to whic!i, there has J
Nvn, proltuMy, Imt one optni >n and one
feeling among tho disciph* of all aj(c*, as
toils atrocious turpitude, and tho awuil.
wickedn.** of it* p -rpctrators. Yet, ci.en
a« (urlv ai the ajv»*.t «' d ty<, t!»er<> w.u tie.
ca ion to warn tin*-- "who had b en m
lighten J hy his touching, and w!k> had ■
U»itil the g tod u.»rl of and tho jsiw. ^
ers of the world to coinfr," ugainst •'trua/jr
inj to themsrl're# to the Ski of afmh.'
If wc allow tho suiuc spirit of worldling,
aud narrow winded prejudice, and liardj
f hearted insensibility to iho claims of truth
I Mid justice,— tho same powtfr of avatiee,
' iiinl hato, and disregard of great moral prin
! ciph*, and perversion of tho plain word of
I God, tliut ruled in tlio hearts of tho origi
nal crucifiers of our, Lord,—if we suffer, I
■ay, the same spirit to rule us, thut ruled
them, how lar tire wo different, morally,
from them?
Often, it occur* to mo,—and yet I desire
to have it still again and moir deeply im
pressed,—! would it alicmji might be, in
connection with overy inward experience of
wrong, «'MiJ it the spirit that crucified the
When I heard of the recent outrageous
lawle«n *s and brutalities that haro b en
alluded to, as noon a* t!ic first tumult of
emotion had sulisidcd, one of the first
thoughts that carno to mo was, "in then is
a picture of tin of tho sin that i* in nr. J
f recognize tho portraiture. Let mo con
demn it not tbero only, hut hrrt. God fur-1
£ivo than,— uul me.
Lawlew, brutal, cowardly, murderous.—
Is it nut, I n»k you, brethren, to look ami ;
see, ii it not tlio nature of sin, to bo all
this—lawless, tint] brutal, and cowardly, i
und murderous? Is it uot all this, oven in
our own bosoms? Havo we boon habitual-,
1}- sinners, without trampling upou the luivs
of God, uur Maker? In nut bin, in tho very
definition of it, "transgression of tho law ?'' |
Again, when appetites und puscion and {
worldly lusts havo prevailed over reason
and conscience, was it not of the nature of,
brutality? Wus it not brute force over-j
riding mural law, und violating tho " tcm
pie of God, which," the ujK^tle says to tlio
disciples, "ye arc." "While you are di.,
vided amongnt yourselves by jealousy an< 1
strife and factious (turtles, ure yo not," u^ks
the ap wtlo, "carnal?"
Onoo more, if wo havo l»ecn prevented by
a weak timidity <ir irresolution, from choos
ing and pursuing tho Christian course ;—
if wo have conformed ourselves to the opin
ions and fashiohs of this world, because of
tlio inconvenience und uncouifortahlonees of
declaring und obeying conscientiously our
own convictionh of truth and duty, was it
not cowardly't
And foully, if wo havo deliberately set
aside und ignored a moral principle,—if we ,
have for tho sake of a tem jural advantage,;
or to gratify a strong tl.sire, planned ami
perpetrated an act of disobodicnce to u com
mandiuent of God, und in resistance to the
prompting* of our higher nature, was it hot,
in its nature, destructive uf our spiritual
life—of tho lifu uf Gotl in us, and urouud ,
us? "lie wan a murdemr," Bays Christ,
"from the beginning."
8iu ia the thought*, Chri.it condemns, as
well as in tlio jolpublo and overt act.
For a band ol unucd men to carry, by
lawless\lt)!e»cu, an cb-cUon, i*n dill' rent.
thing, doiibtlc*-), us regards tho nati >n—>h
regards the e*t nt and magnitude of the
u\il, from a single act of private and indi
vidual injustice. llut lis individual*, those
Uinditti must lu judged*in the groat ac
count—each bearing hit own burden ami,
reeoiviug tho thiu^s he hints If individually
hath done. The treat seriousiu-w of that
itin against the natiou and against humani
ty, as well us agninst tho immediate suflcr
uiti thereby,—the groat s 'riousnoss of it, I
say, as jx*js?ct« the guilty authors of it, und
in the cyo of God, is as un individual wrong
l\»r a man to enter tho Senate ehamiier of
tho I nited States, and striko down, n**u<
in-liko aud tigjr-liko, a Senator, lxcauno lie
dW not approve his speech, or because his
speech condemned him, or his, is, in some
uf its feature*, a crime of peculiar dye and
enormity. If there cannot l»o freuluin oI*
upiuion, utid freedom of bjkmc!i, according1
to tho guaranty ol tho Constitution, in tla>
Senate chamber of tho I'liilcd State:), then
tho cause of civil liberty bus gasp <1 its last
g.itsp, and tho darkness of tyranuy enfolds
us henceforth forever. But I dwell not nit
on this now. As sacred as those walls are
of our national council chamber, to every
truo loftr of his country, urc they, I n«k
you now to consider, art tiny more tarred
than thr chambert of the nul? Is a sin
against the pcoplcof the Unit "dStat > more
luiuous than a sin against. God? Do wo
ciy, "punish the guilty perpetrator of that
atrocity—expel him frotu the House, !>•
neath whose roof ho has insulted his Stat •
and nation ?" What shall tho cry '•*
against us, who have sinned against llnrtn,
ami ayuinst lhx g>h>>'mu »»ho J-ent uh into
the world to lw recipient* of Hi* gmcc, im
itators of Ilia vUjio, uQil roprwontatltw'
of Iliit loro to umn ? Is tlu-n; not a parkin*
thought for UH hero? 1)j wj not troll to,
l»ok u littlo more than wr> liaro dono, 'n
upon ounclrot,— in upon our privllego.1
condition u* moral and immortal beings. tl>
•eo how far wo nro living up Ij the demand*
of tluit cond tion ? lit tlicro not u persona!!
cauijuigu it lioliovtM iii to give attention tit,1
as well iui u political do#?" Is thorJ not
tin election to be thought of, nn l ft fri.1-' !
sta'c ul*> to ho thought of, within iw? T» !
thU an important question as r «p ei* t'.i'
future of our Country, and is it not nliw nn '
inquiry tluit concern* our individual iHurt*,
in view of the future of our aonlnf Shall
w»» wait for tbe falling of th« loaf, before
that quwtion nhall hj doclucxl as regard*
uur*dve» ? Kay, tho clin nhall n it have
raat, nor tlic maple liuvc clung< d, it nuijr
l»o, iu K*»f, before our *ouU •'•hall b.i re
quired of u»," mid tho grout niiiritual return •
bo rumlarwl in.
•• WhoMfwr fdnnhtoth rin i.« tho ser
vant of *iu."—Sin 1>, In it* natur\ tnsfai•• {
tag. It tiuka lIn- IU.U1 in the uuimal. It j
vr ill uiluiil to a caruin il ^iv, k> i*r a# ilj
ran «af ly, our tv i«»uin; lac ilti « iniu it»,
*>rvi<*\—Audio (ISB'iw* ii». Hit r.a-«in
trnurt foil »<r, n'»t >. It will 1 -t u< i^J ,
jn«t wh;it*Jt wWw in* ta ft»\ uinl n » nj.irj.
\Vo ui>u*t IojL with it.i bliinl-r* on, n>l 1
walk wiili it* hit in our niuutU. It will,
jHit iU whip u> tho buck, and n cluvin, if
ixvtl bo, lo the ncok, of Ami if ]
that w not enough, it will put a cauo t j its
'head. Its object* miibt bo aecmiplHied,—
; r.iti mally and fairly if possible, otherwise
Irrationally nti«l foully. It will pat its
. pbtdi, in Urrottm, to tlio lip, "utter uot
tlwt sentiment, bo b« it gospel or bo it not."
U will druw the list llfo drop fnnii tlio veins
rather than siifTr tlio man In us to aw.rt
|hi*nativerights, and triumph over it.—
This m tho nature, I say, of rin, as wo have
all, inon> or 1cm, had experience of it in
our own Ikwoiuh. It is cssontially despotic,
whether in tho form of solfUhilOM, avarice,
prld'.*, ambition, or whatever last or tho
jfl.'oh. It U imperious, domineering, tyran
nical. It is tho very fath»r of cunning
sophl» tries and lies. It makjs us think
oursotves free, while It ho!d*us In IU grasp ;
that wo lmvo light enough, whilo it is
ing us in darkness; that we uro receiving
tl o very best of life's pleasures, and its
richest gain*, while wo have but a name to
live,—fattening, llko cattle, upon tho pro-j
duco of the earth, but spiritually poor, oiis-i
crublc, and dying. 1) ijwtic, I say,—novor |
content, whilo thero is any free domain i
ar<»und it. It is forever encroaching;—|
watching its chanoo;—creeping stealthily
on ;—breaking down sacredly established
barrier'", ami, under some ingenious plea of
right and liberty, tresjiassing upon tlio ter
ritory of tho soul. It wastes tho soil it
fastens upon, and then wanU more. It is
novcr satisfied, till it gets the govcrniuontof
tlio whole man into its hands ; till it has
laic, morals, and religion under it. It
claims "all tho kingdoms of the world "
for its own. And if there 1k> a Son of God,
whom it can neither seduce by bribery, uori
terrify by throats, into sahvrvionco to its
will, it cries,14 Crucify him, crucify him."
So it hits been, so it it, and so it always will
be—not with one sin, nH with tlio sins of
a State, nor of a Nation, only, but of each
individual soul. " Know ye not," says tho
Apostle, "know yo mt, that to whom yo
yiold youmelvwsurvant* to olwy, liii servant* |
yo aro to whom yo oboy, whotlicr ofoin un- j
to (k'.Uli, or of ohodionoo unto righteous- [
new" TIkto in only on j way, my friends,
of l^ing fro?. The serrica ofGjd in j^rfoct
freedom. Oltolieiico to tho l.iw of tin, in
spiritual slavery. 44 Yo cannot sorvo GoJ
uud maiumon." Our spiritual faculticn uro
cither masters or NorvanU. Thoy aro in
hondago, unloss tho San of God, thnujih [
our uUogianoe to his word,und tlio influent.,
oftliu Mj»irit winch he directs us, oo*w. irking
with us, has luadj u.s free. Thero is no true ,
fiv \loiu, when tho mind is in shackles.— |
Wo aro, in tho worst sens.?, ulavofl, when
connience in enslaved. If wjnru submitting ;
ourxolvi.ii to unjr othor mastery, whether
worldly uuihitiou, pri lo, bigotry, or what- |
ovo.—1«> any otlmr mastery than that of j
God's truth, an 1 tho procepts of IIin j; Mpvl, |
as wonroubh with our own froo miudi to
ascertain thum, it ii a wrutehed deception
to huagiuo ourselves free. W'liutcur our
1io|k-h for tlio flojli that porkhoth, wo aro
living, in such 0.1*0, 44 without God, and
witfiout hopo," us resjwets our ituiaorUil
L»t the tiino past anlfieo us to have Iivwl
in imhjcctlon to prejudice, piraion, nnd low J
inrthly culcnlatbnsof expediency and gain.,
I>ot un lo »k lirot into our own lioarts, nnd |
fearlnssly aoarcli out to its very depths,
what is wrong then?. I, -t us turn to God ;
with a truo p onitenco for our pint apathy
and negligenco, in regards hin ^r.nrioua in* |
viUtion of our Spiriu to oouimunion with
Wis Spirit;—us regard* tho tcachingi and
example of Hin Sou Jesus Christ. If wo
have been in error, let jis acknowledge it.—
L t us go forward to tho light. Lot us care
only for tho ohodiouco of Christ. L t us
sttl; first the establishment of His kingdom
of 10V1! 11 God uud low to nun, of a living
faith, und practical holiness.
Taktf tho pro it principle* of the gospel— '
go*pol rectitude, gospel justice, gn«pol piety,!
go*j>el humanity, nniimako them governing
principled. Carry them everywhere—into!
husim-M, into pl&ifturai, Into j>o!itirs, into
ovcrything. Do not bo afraid. If Christ
und God aro for us, who thataood 1>3 feared
shall 1m against us.
ISrcthren, tho p.ncs, I might truly, I 1» j
Hero mj of outp land, hut rather now let |
mow/, tho puco of (Jj.l in our aoula, un<l)
our membership of tlio km,; 1 tin of luuvon,
dtipcndi upon our bulng truo to Chi-ut— j
loyul to tho urj.it prec?pM and principled of i
llii^Mp'l. Lot u« hLiu<1 t >j»eth<T uit onol
nun, for,;otful of all minor con»idorattona,
iu tho faith und pationw, tho oourjj;u nnd
Iikjh) and ohodicnce, of tho g <«p-l. Lit |
iMrjf man foci hi* individual rosjKtini'iiliiy, j
and accountability tj God, for tho p'rsonal ,
Mand ho takn*. Tho time is at luiinl, nuy
uiii already como, to try mon'i aauN; — to I
| ut our Christian principle*, our faiUi in
(•od, an 1 our lore of lliui, of wliich tho
A] < *tlc John •pake, to tho te*t.
Ijot ua keep near to Christ. If wo lore
thu caUH> of freedom, and would boo our ho
loved land retlo.-uik.tl froiu tlm power of lin
tlut would inthrull it, lot unaiibmitour own
soul* timl to the redeeming jwwer of Oiriwt 'i»
life, und tho sanctifying influenct* of IJtal
truth. Let tho l»ond» of iniquity he broken
within ua. 80 only can wo become true son*
of eonaolation uml inatrumeota of d.liu-r
»nc© to thoao who aru liound.
Tlicjv nrv (inly two «id *—(TIiov were
ntrer hut two tides. Hut it wax hardly ever
K> inanilott to mv own uiitxl us imw.) ri<.
fat tlto pxjvl, or nyain<t It;—fur ri^htwu*
in**, right, justice, humanity, or ugaiiut,
Put it homo to our own njulti, icftont srrrr
u*.? Wliut uro our Htrninj ajim, our
ruJinj/yriuppktf L 11 or • '»-• u» •rrfjray r,
iu 'U>« f t lu.ir.jr«Ahju n ««, m »r»,
rjfurt. Ciutl in witli «l! t.'.oi- who
11*0 t.i•• Lird J a 111 mik. nty. And "oil
I'm let ii r, und .i;ji;u»t. . aiul
'ir.ii^ilitii Li* (J reuieiulk-r, "all diii>£< work
li " r or >;imJ to t!i> m wiio lo\e Uiui."
1'i.o wrath of nun thall bo couvertod to 11m
pruiv, hii.| •♦ihc remainder of wrath 11c
will restrain."
Fremont's Lire.
Ono of the lntun*ttng peculiarities of l*p
hi»tn'n Life of Prm<»nt, to bo untied thin
i wook hj Tioknor Jb Ftflidf, u tlw charming
■ picturo of utio lifu «n ir wbtro nl>un
I il.uit in t'lin biography. Hero is part uf a
lettor to Mrs. Fr.wumt (tho whole U giviti
in the book) fntm Iiit bnive IniiiUintl, writ*
ton u ft or <iti> of liU int«t pcriloiiH idron*
turos.—JLtiton Trantrript.
Tao% Xi.vr .Mrum, Jinunry 27,
My Viry D or Wife /
I writ# to you from tlio house of our good
friend Carton. • • • •
1 have n>w the unpleasant tusk of telling
you how 1 cam*) horo. I had uuoh rather
writo you toino rambling letter* in unidon
with the ropa« iu which I fool inclined U> I
indulgo, nnd talk to run about tha future
with which I mu already busily occupi <1;
ubont my arrangement* for getting speedily j
down into th« mon» pleasant clhnatc of tho i
lower Del Norto and rapidly through into
California; mid my plan* when I get tli»>tv. i
11 kits nn almost invincible repugnanei to j
going hark among scene* whore 1 have cn
dnrud much miff-ring, and for nil the inci
dent* md circumstance* of which I fell a
strong nvernion. lint ai cloar information
w absolutely noce**»ry to you, nnd to your
father rnoro particularly ■till, I will givo
You tho story now instead of waiting to tell
it to you in California. But I writs in tho1
great hopo that you will not receivo this
letter. When it roadie* Washington you )
may Ik* on your way to California.
Former letter* have made you acquainted '
with our journey no far a* Bent's F*«»rt, ntul,
from report you will have heard tho clrotim*,
stane»* of our de|nrturo from tho Upper'
Pueblo of the Arkansas. Wo left that jilacc
about tho 25th of Nowmbcf, witli upwards
of a hundred good n»i.lM and ono hundred
and thirty bushels of shelled corn, internal
to support our nninial* nenww the snow of I
the high mountain*, and down to the lower
pirt* of tho Grand Hlvcr tributaries, wlirrn
usually tho snow firms no ofiaUcIo to win-1
lor travelling. At the l'ucblo, 1 had en
gaged us a guldo an old trapper well known !
as * Dill Williams,' and who had spent soino |
twenty-live year* of Ms life in tnipping va-1
rlotiH part* of tho Rocky Mountains. Tho i
error of our journey was committed in en-1
gaging this man. Ho proved never to have I
In tho least kimwn, or entirely to have for-)
gotten, the whole region of country through i
which wo were to pas*. We occupied more
than half a month In making the journey I
of a few daji, blundering a tortuous way
through «le.'p snow which already begin to
choke up tho passes, for which wo wer
obliged to wi>sto time in searching. A'xwi*
the 11th D-cemVr wo found ourselv^ at I
tho north of Del Xorto Canon, where that
river ismns from St. John's Mountain, one
of the highest, mo«t rugged and impracti-1
(ub'j of all tho Kooky Mountain raiig<*, in
acccMtildo to trapper* and hunter* even in 1
tho summer time. Across tho point of this;
eLvatcd range our guide conducted us, mid
tuning otill grout confidence 111 his knowl
edge, wo pre«»cd onwards with fatal resolu
tion. 1-vou ulong tho river bottoms t!io
enow was already belly deep for tho initios,
frequently snowing in thevalley anil almost
constantly in tlio mountain*. Tho cold wan
extraordinary; at tlio warmest hours of tho
day (I) twoen onoand two) tho thermometer
(Fahrenheit) »tanding in tho shadoof only
u treo trunk at zero ; the day Miiudiiny, with
a moderate hreuse. We praised up toward*
the miiiiiiiit, tho enow deepening; and in
(our or five day* reached tho nakul ridge*
which lie uhovo tho timbered country. ami
which form tho dividing ground* bstwoen
tho waters of tho Atlantio and I\wiflc
Oceans. Along these nakul ridgiw it stortris
nearly all winter, and the winds bwoop acr<*»
thrm with remorMulewi fury. On our fir*t
attempt to crow wo encountered a pout/trie,
(dry «now driven thick through tho air by
violent wind, and in which objects a ro vi*iMo
only at a short distance,) and* were driven
back, having somo 10 or 12 men variorsly
frozen, face, hand*, or 'cot. Tho guide camfl
nigh being frozen to death here, ami doud
initios wf»ro already lying about tho lire*.—
Meantime, it snowed steadily. Tho nest
■lay we made maul*, and boating a road or
trench through tho Know crossed the cre*t
in defiance of tho poudcrie, and encamped
immediately Mow in the edge of tho tim
ber. TIlO trnil idiowed tt* If a defeat ed J*ir
tv bad passed by ; pack-Kiddle* and |<iek*,
Ntrowed articled of clothing, uml dead muleH
oeatter d along. A continuance of ftor—y
weather paralyzed all movement. W« wore
encamped •omcwliero uliout 12,000 foci
ahovo tiro sea. Wuttwanl, tho country wu*
buried in deep snow. It was hnpoaiihlo to
ndrunoo, ami to tuin luck wan equally im
practicable. Wo were overtaken by Mudden
and inevitable ruin. It *o huppencd that
the only placcs where any gra.Mt could ty>
had were tho extreme summit of tho ridge*
where tho sweeping winds kept tho rocky
ground, lure und tlio enow could not lie.—
Iklow tliVM animaU c./uld not g -t uboat,
tlio snow b-ing deep enough to bury them.
Here, tiiurtfore, in tho full violeuiv of the
ttoruis wo weru obliged to keep our animal*.
They could not bo moved either way. It
\v.ut iimlantly apparent that we nhould low
••very iuiiinul.
I (kUvtiiHHx] torccr »m» Uio mountain uxiru
t.iwunU tliu itjNjii couutry,mid luiul. or |uck
tin- lujc&»£o, 0>y nun) down t» tho I >< 1
Nurtc. W iilt ;;riut labor tlio big^i£» wa>
trutw|x>ruil mrm the rn»t to tlio lim-l
►] ri»j^« of a little »tr»xuu loading to tlio wain
mer. A lew Jay* wm-Muffiricnt to dutmv
our fiao kind of luult». Tliey n rallv
k jit huddled 1tlivr and u* ili-jr l>ji ■,
im< would Iks »•>-» to Uin'iUr down .uid t.V»
nu>w w >uld rovii- liiut; quotum* th*v
w.mjd Im akolT «nd ru»ji down townnU tlw
timVr liutil 'btjr k m nto|>|*.-d hr t^dvf1
MWWi wlicf" t»w| Wctu ikxiO lidd'ti lyr U»l
fvuHiru. '1'iiQ oourago of tho mon falwl
fait; iu bet, I hud n<T«r soon tnon to mmn
diacounifpd bjr luufortuoo m wo were on
tliu ocauion ; but, M you know, tho party
va« not onfct(total like tlio forpMr ow*.—
]lut among tlibAo who daftsrre to be honor
ably Mentioned, an<l who behaved like what
thvj. WcrO,-—uien of the old exploring
—werw (lodey. Kin^, and Taplin; und fii*t
.»(till Godijr. Iii thTit lituatlon, I tl<
ed to -end in a jarty to tho Sjanish settle
ment* of Now Mexico for provision* :uid
uiuloa to transport our lugeegd to Taon.—
With economy, and after wo should limit
tho niulu>i wc li.nl not two wo-'lc* pmtVoiM
in tl»o ownp. Thesj cittuutal of a uton*
which I had w»jrvod for a hard day, ma©
irotil and luoun, From among tho volun
t fr* I ebony King, Brackcubridgo, Croutx
foldt, and t!io ^uidu Williams; tho {•arty
under tho command of King. In ca»o of
the l ust delay at tho tettlenionU, lio WM to
jr ml Mj-*n rm, In the m nn tii.i wo
wero to occupy oum-lna i rcgioung tlic
lu^.i-0 and oquijiago down to tlu Del
Xorto, which ire ranched with our t»i,^nge
in a few d.iya uftcr their doj .iriurt? (»rhl>?>
waa fn-day nftcr Christum.) LikJ rt.'u^
:i Chfi«tiiu8 for j j w luck, uiiiu wax»{»->i(
on t!i ■ Hiimmit of a wintry uiuuutaln, m\
henr» filial wiih gloomy und ar.xi.i -
thonght«, with nOiw of thu merry fac « in.
idcuvant luxuries that buluug to that . j-j-\
time. Viiu lu.iy 1» • >uro wo contraaU I mow
Uiu with tlw last ul Wiulun^t ui, urn'. n»
ulaU-d much on your d^in^, and made mutij
warm wished for your ha; j inc.*.
you have ljj!ts. 1 into Agrij pi'i» gin^ f<»rn
low iujuk-iiu only ! You rem uib?r iho v >1
unuMof Dlackstotto which I too* from ymu
father'* library wlicn wj w.tj overlooking
itiit jur friend L.-antV Tiioy in..!> my
C itiniiuaa aiuua >iu<*nU. I ivad tin .u t
]i mi tliQ heavy tiuu and Iorg.it what wa» j
uroniii ia\ t'jitiinir yuii may t.,j| («*,
tliat my firat law lev m* wiilbj well reiucni-1
li H. Day afbr day pasted by nnd n
ncira from our <u(|>ivm |*irty. Siui^c jntin
ucd to fail itliii >»t iuojrtuuily on t!iu ihouii* <
tain. Tito spiriU of Uiu camp grew 1 nr.— '
i'rouc Li id down, in t'.o trail uud frux1 t
d nth. lu a auiulfiny day, nnd liavin^ will .
liim uiniiiH to lua'io a li.< tur • vr I i |
blanket* down in tin) trail and laid t!i. r.> til
ho frazo to dcat'i. .\ft.-r tixtj.n dayi lirv
elapodfroiu Kin^V d jiarturj, I ti.cauio *
uneaay ut the del ay, that I d.*id<xl to wai
no longer. I wiutuwaru that our trod)*: hn<
b<vn cngug-jd in ho«tilitii» with tlif Sjnni.
L tal.Jt uitti A|mchu->, who ran^ttin the X »rt' {
River valley, an I Irejuio l.artul tiiat tii >\
(King a pirty) bud lw n cut ofl' hy thi*
Indiana; i could irojgtno n » oth r nerid :iit.
L.-aving tho cauap c:»|.K>r d with tho bag
g.igo uml in charge of .Mr. Yineent'.al r, I
nturU'I down tho river with u email pin
conaiating «»f UuJnr, (with hi* young tu'ph«
! e«r.) Mr. Prouat an I Stun.!. r». W<» rarri *1
our n-im uml proviaion for tlimo d.iyn.—
Falling to Ineot Kin^r, mr intention was to
make tho Red Rlrenfettlement ihont t\v«n
tjr-fiv«» mile* north of Tao«, nnd aend luck
tho Bjxxnli'^t relief powible, Jlr ln«true
ti<>n* to tli • cuinp \ter*, that if thry did not
hear (rotu mo within a Htatd tinio, tluy
Wfro to follow down tli«" Did Norto.
On the ► cond d ty after 1 tving camp, wi
eatno upon a firv-h tnil of Indiana,—two
lodgn, with a ronsld.-rahlb nam1k>r of ani
ma!». Thii did not lesson our unoadno
for our people. tlndr trull when wo met
it turned and went down tlio river, wo foI»
lowed it. On tho fifth d.»y wo furprincd an
Indian on tho fco of tlio river. II>> proved j
to lv a Utah, Mm of n Grand Rlvt r chiel
wo had formerly known, and Shaved to u
in a lrlomlly manner. We encam^d near j
thorn at night. Uy a pro-nt of a riflj, iu\ |
two blanket*, and oth.-r prouiiaod r eward*
wlien wo hSiould g:t in, I prevailed upon
thin Indian to go with ua aa a gui lo to. tin
Hid River acttlemeiit, and taLo with hiu ]
four of hi. horaoa, principally to carry on. |
littlo baggage. Theao were wr.-thedl; i
jxH>r, uml could gjt along only in a v r i
Mow walk. On that day (tlio aixt'i) w
loft the lodge* late, und travelled only aoui
six or b.-ven wilea. About Mitwet w«» dl*
oovcrod u littlo Miako in a gruvo of thnb
•>lT from the river, und thinking p r!i:»f* i 1
might l>«> our expruM pirtv on it* r rtum I
wo went to k'c. Tliia .wui tho t« utr^i •
ond day ainco tluy had left i:a, und tin aixt'
itincu wo had left tho camp. We f nun' I
them,—three of them,—CrouUfeldt, Tlr.n-T;
onridgo, 11 u I William*,—tho moat inkwtu
hie uhjecU I Imvo ever fc.ru. i did not r* '
oguize L'routefildt'a futur * whfu Bracken 1
ridgo brought liiui up to m > ami mrntfori ■
ilia name. Tluy had Ikvii utarving. Kin
had atarvrd to death a fi»w dava bTor
Ilia reinaiua were aatno aix or eight mil •
aboTu, near the river Uv the ni l of t'i J
bon**, wo curritd ||i:m three with u* t
Rod River •ottlment, whieli wo imch 'j
(Jan. *JU.) on ch*» 10th < voningultcr l<min
>ur camp in tho miimtain*, having tru
• ll.il hrough »n>)w and on foot liK) mil >
1 look upin tho utiXivty which imlue d in
to i»vt out from tho catnp an an inap i nit ion.
ILd I remain.d thcro waiting tho part; '
which hid bsen a.nt in, cvgrj man of u
would proluhly Imvo piriabul. • • ► i
Woahallyet, iluruit wifo, «njoy fpjl '
iUM li.i|i|>in■>* tog"thcr—Ukm wv n nrl;
, one and the «aun t>i tuo now. I inaki» fr
| ijuentl? planMiit |iii'turc!t of tho happ;
I Ikww wo nro to lint's nn<! ofk<mrrt anJ
• among tho plroiuntwt of nil, I »«• our liV t
ry with It* bright lir«» in the nfnr ptonir
| diy«, an«I tlx* Uiy window* looking oil
i upon the km in thi» bright wtntli^. I luv
I it nil planned In nir own mind. It I* £>•?•
I ting lato now. Ia Harp* kiv* thorn an
two p d» wMrh nro rvfj thar to u*, Hop
ami HI -Pp. My homage ahnll K* njiulh
rfirfrl -d H lwn tfietu j both make the tin*
paw lightly tinlil I **• yoa, an I r» I gu
now to jkit n wifli i» tribute to tho on
*lth my lunrt full of tho other. U.**
Suofl of tlw pnj>»'r* Kpmk of tho Ktof »*•
.sets 1'aktv. Thi*, w« take It, m one of
the aitatts of the Democracy.—{Lnetll fVwr
Democratic Extravagance.
Tin appropriation* for th«> venr nuuit at
the loot hroion of Con^r. «•, uiulor tin?
Whig-ckctoJ Administration that vrunt out
ut gdioe in lft53. werug-15,410 102 GO. At
th«> first drive mad»' l>y the Sham Democrat*
at tho Trunin try, after Pierco-wo* «looti«d, in
tho fintt s«wion of the 43d C>ngrvw, th«*o
ejjwniwi of (Jorwninont wore run up nmrly
50 per ccnt. Thoy yoUx! <>95,107,301,0^1
tS'rtnjOTl tffo ftm year* adminbtntlon
of til** |art?, whoxs atartotyped promi** of
economy and rotn-uchu^nt, wero •till echo
ing (Yum their leader*, Inaugural iu th«
IlinUTii portico of tho Capitol.
Without a (urticlo of adrautago to tho
farmer* and ui vhanlot of tho tution, the*i
•o rail »l Democrat* increa*>l tho oxpen»ea
of our Diplomatic hminow abroad, in 1H54,
froiu tho Whig liguroa iu '53 of 11,4'J>,
(>38 20, to tlic onomutu aum of i 15,944,•
52 44.
Without n cent of benefit to the comim-r.
cial inUrcfU «»f the *sibuard Status, uod a
■aitdly no udtantago to tho people o( rucli
;r.ifn <»xportin,; Stat* a.« Indiana,' Illinois
Jdieai^au ami U'wumini tbo*j |>lay-ai'tiii£
•jii'itnijLi ran up tlM,«X|Nni.i of the Navy
Ihiin ^8,209.200 77 in H5J, to f 12,510,
.'07 40, in tho fir»t y.^r afW Pieroo ana
tht«y g,»t hold of tlio Treasury koprf.
Wanteful and jiTMlli^at j beyond ovmi|>Io
JiuM^bu DjoNnUipont flfon July 1,
H51,11 Juno 10, 18.15, oX',lusir<> of ono
uilli >n dollar* jkiyuunt on aoooout of tli.<
Debt, tlio cnoruions iuiu of jjUjO,3tio,TJ3
The n»xt yenr their wa*t<» wa* fcr«nt«»r.—
Cjti^r ** appropriate for tlio Democratic
Administration an.1 for Democratic plouder,
<*71,220,840 01.
In no year in tho great \\"a*!iington'*
lime, <li<l tli,i oxjvmwj of Government get
.iji to 2,000,0i>0. Pr)tn March 4,178J, to
Dec. HO, 1701, t'10 appropriation*, excltui re
if the public debt, wero $2,707,121 56 —
In 1702 tboywwe $I,M73,774 35. In 1793
they vv ro ^1,787,300 55. It did not c<i»t
lie greatest ul all the I'r^i li nta, two mil- .
Iloiw a year to mluiInUtcr tho Federal Got
rnmont. Tii i l<u«t of the Democratic l'r«*
idenU lia* load• it oit thi> |xx»plM iuopi than
thirty-one tlm w a* much. The cxpon* *
thin year, exrln*im of national debt piying,
vnll ho £03,470,840 01.
In HM, t'i • n.vou I year of our la*t war
rith Great liritain, tho expanse* of the
Federal Government w.to only <>20,07#,*
.'74 05. ThU year, being at profound poooo
vith all the world, the democrat* ut \Va*h
ington contrive to upend about thrcj ti n <
on much of tbn public trun*ur«\
In the year H47-8, in our gigantic (drug
:;l • iti<Iij*t.»nt MaWo, with "0,000 man ifi -Id,
a great naty adout, and *uch r»*tly draft*
ujiou our nwoure * ux wero ChurubiiMO,
Controra* and Molino d I R y. the then
VJu.lnittrafton at \\"a*hlngt.m upmt but
$50,757,808 00. TiiLi yeir, with an army
of only 15,000 in n, and no war i-xinting,
tlio rto-aillcd Democrat* ah: peacefully
- pandering that rum nut only, but thirteen
'iiillionx on top of it. Can any nation long
Ntond thu combined extravag inco, und (Mu
nition in wa*t<>fiiln '*«, which this nwl-ad
•uinlntratlon of oflMa! tru*t< by tho »ham
Demfxracy, i« ru'inlng tho nation to with
Iri^htful «pwd.—Albany Journal.
Kntvs i id til —On Monday »(Vr
tHwii, (Jour#? W'illiAiu Xuwn >n, about 7 yn».
of nju, *on of Hubert V, Svwmtn, of Kit
t-Tv Forutido, full ovor'ward from n boat
\rhicb ho wait sculling, mi l was sinking for
ibo hut tiau, when Smxmx H. Allky,
i]n|. of IvitUry, piling by, diacovcr jd an
unuaual appouraiux) in tin wafer, and u|>on
naking 4nqniryf learned tli • facta in Ura
•a*.*, uii'l |Win: >-xJixl to Um nscue. WIk-ii
io raich *1 tlw »|wt, the Ixiy lay upon tlio
ottoui of tb« rivor,nud diving down, Mr.
UL'II t.»ok him tip apparently d "ad, mi l
irricd him to u dwollinghotuo, wher',oon<
f.iry to nil aiwUliuu, Itn mi(vr«li«l by
. igoroi * application of IIih uir*M crajiloyd
n Murli c u- vi, in bringing thu liUlo fellow to
.if •. mid in n low hounlw wa«a'>out( bright
tnd iirtifo a« iwor, much to tli<* ddight of
)U par-nU and Iri io U, who will naTcr for*
»-t tli > kind ex Ttioiui of tho g>.'ittl»ai.in to
.rhoui tl)«y tool that they owo tho li u of
.iieir child.—X. H. (Vantu.
.~2T TV .New York ll> raid, n few <l^v»
iinv, |>uMIkIhnI a lon£ extract from tlx* r«
t »rt of Mr. Mir.-jr, while Svretary at war,
i tvlatl>n to Fremont's California expxli*
too, on which it mikoa the following coin
M tucr's Ortxios or Col. Frknd*T. Wo
•iiihltKh un'itrict t-^Lij from tlio uiimi.il
r'jiort iif the War Decrement of 1K.V), ojii
* ming iho military iichicreuicnU of Col.
Fremont iu California. Tlii* extract b-iii^
in offi -ial aUtotUisnt from ftcTOtiiry Miny
i.r the information of the PMii lont of tho
Unitol Sut « an<l tho two Iij04m of Con
^rma uiiut !>_• correct. Official Jmjiu ilia
irualwuv* cniun l'Tiol t e l**t ».irt of U»ti
• uoiiy. Takiu^ therefore, thi* oflkiul atato
ui'jit of the S -crutary of Waraa un<|uoatioii
iMy true, it t»t»Uub«i tho fact that to J.
c. Fremont Mong* etpoettliy the honor of
the o »ip|0 '»; <U California. Ljt every tub
<uii<1 on ita own bottom.
Tins cliiaf tirnnan piint in
Jomjr. ll»n .%«taukr Zntumj, in u \erj
l<»n^ ami v tjt abb urticb support* tlio
ItcpuMicun noininati.»iw. It IumI previously
x|<oum*I «lull ur.» vulgarly imIImI,—Jcin v
oiutio prindp!'*. Tiiw abla (icrtuun |up> r
n,.» «>)<( fuiliiM are now <k*t royal, and u
i -m jft.iiijr 'pricing troiu tlw iu\'.«*ki.» of
n »n»u «, Imii rtv >£tiixii«g all tli« grmt and
•n l.iriti^ }>rinri|t(t« for wbir/i tho <« tiii.iu,
t -merit of tlw country lia« ntrireti, lm*
lafcan a fruit rank in <<xUtingorji.uii*ttiou-<.
it inn* drawn t»U u a m.^nt all Uiuao
|irogrw*in» iuen ol crcrj jurtjr and opinion
who rwx»jni«» the cau«< of tinlvciml Fr»
dotn u» the fit liaaia of action in • ttcpnMi
van Government.

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