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"ETERNAL HOSTILITY TO EVERY FORM OP OPPRESSION OYER THE MIND OR BODY OF MAN."-J«f«»k.x.
LOUIS 0. COWAN, Editor and Proprietor. BIDDEFORD, MAINE, FRIDAY, JULY 18, 1 856. VOLUME III.—NUMBER 29. UNION AND EASTERN JOURNAL. AiCiInu4 IiiIih JMratl la p«bflah«I mrj hiMI, M Jl*. I, Central Bluet, ••ppoaU* Ik) IMkM lixaaa. T»rm«—U M par annua, or f 1 If pnid oith liikm a«Ui trvaa tba tlaM at aahaylM^. Itefta aoptaa 4 arn.ta. jj T.l iw lawtai N«« Mtint U Um atl; aalK-ir li «U i(Ml far Ufa poprr •Ufaa »f Na« Yurk, Mw, and fWlafaifaU, and fafaalj awpovorod U uka aJrvrtiMMao and aub aorlptlana at Ua anaao taiao aa Wffafa by —• llfaaA aaa W*-.T<« far*. Trib«M ftaiklto|a i Senal lajr'a ftalkilaf HuUdtlfUm, M. W. corner TkifU ud Ofaafail alraaL JIARCtt* WATSO*. Print* r. JV Ik* r*Ma k fMl*ra Jnmtl dong of Freedom. ■t itirn. Sanaa*' pUiaa ar« bfaotalaf fair, Fraadee'i aaaa in drwliii tkrr* i Wlib a* ana Ibnl'a wmd with al(bl, Tbrj an faullaf far Ifa n«KC Orpbanrd eklUna, >U»nl mUm, Call la a Mania I wad and Krone, To aneh trna man " C p. ba Join*, And a<raot* tbfa ahaaaafol wraoj hj,tfaa,UMMa, •ball M bo Kanaaa bond or linn ho* f frwdoa'i bannrr'i ttalrxd anl Um>, AU It* gUIMriag (Uf» m gua* | N«Chlii( Utl lu tlripr* rraain, labia ol Ik* hnitm* b*» ptl*. AnJ .N«w Knglanl't hM mo, OiUiMW *kko***, lain, Call* to a* I* trumpvi-toiwa " Rally ' to th* rank* again !" •ay, tUn, tru* mi. (hall M ba, Tonga* b* imJ, or ipmb b* frw* f CLaapioa* *f th* wroog. la rag*, 8*U« Ik* wrucr of ih« pag*, Wtikh villi Mai illMkl Ik* wroog, Ami pr*MiiU th* truth to.. atroug i A»l wttk katrwd, burning, d*rp, Wr«ak tk*lr vragraar* oo hi* txaj | Caring not t* truth nor right. Law at (M mt am I h*y dr*ad. 1ay. thru, tru* hmo. which (hall b», frai b* bvuBti, or |m*t b« ftp** f Vhall our ountry't growing ra«», IW u'rrUuMluwnl by thl* *bai*, Ob, ahall hittory't living pag*, Hand It 4«n from agwto ag«, That America, bu*ill*| much, 9tyM lt**lf " L.o.l ot Ik* ft**," Wbiir li* hand* w tr* drrpiy mimiI, Wiih th* ill «f Slarrry .* Bay, then, tnt* mmu, which shall b*. Coutr; iUn, or country trmt ' Ok, by rrrry thing w* lor*, With th* help at Owl abwr*. >7 tk* >tar of KrmJowi bright, Daullng with it* brilliant light, By a It rhrrrful trout* >oy*. By our bfi at Umhi ab»T«, By *wch |> auun w* |wuw. By ««r fcrtwl Country lor*, T*a, Oh. tna* own, U *ha!l ba, Amnca shall jai b* frr*. Bally ih«n ' *trik* how*, y* brar* • W* will y*t our country tar*. Urn ot I*arming, brar* awl itruag l'** your power* agaia*4 tk« wrong, UlrJ on truth'* anaor with tk* akl*ld Ufa Drr*r-tw«rring right. ltd tk* bright tlay-alar at Imilwi, Y*l *kall lt*a from gtaaay night. Work, tkrn. tru* nra, II thall b». Oar country matt and thai I b* fr**. Slgritultural. A Chapter on Railing Fowl*. The intensity of the Hm Ferrr haa au bal ded some what, anil uten are now prepared to take a common aenae view of the aubjact. That the rawing of poultry 00 a moderate scale can be tnado profitable, there ia no doubt; but it ia a well eetabliahed fact, that large number* kept together, will soon bo come diaeaavd and die, deapite the moat skill* ful treatment that any of our Poulterer* have been able to practice. On (anna, a considera ble number of fow s, having the range of the barn* and atable yards, will thrive with but little attention ; but when they are confined to a single p >ultry yajd, even a limited num ber require careful watching and ieeding, to keep them in good, healthy condition. We think the time has gone by, if indeed such a tirno over Viii, when it can bs made pruflubl<> to buy t»»n to fifty dollar roosters, for legitimate bretxling purposes. Such adventurer* can only hope to ffst their money back by being sharp enough U> find a net of ▼erdant customers, with mom money than discretion. Those who wish to establish a good stock of fowU, for wiling egg* or chick cn» for table uae, can do so mora safely a* well as more cheaply by a careful selection from good medium varieties, and afterwards breeding only from such of their progeny as possess the most d«*iraMs qualities. What ever strain or style is decided upon should be kept frve from all incongruous mixtures, and bred towards a fixed standard of excel lence. Very muyh can bo attained in this way, to establish a desirable styls of sue and plumage, or a habit of productiveness. In order to secura a good coostitutionsd flock, it will be necessary to change the roosters nearly every season, as continusd breeding in and in, is ruinous to fowls.— There should be one rooster to every 8 or 101 bens. If it is desired to confine the fowls to a yard for all or a portion of the time, it will be indispeosibltf to their health and produc tiveness to provide for them suitable food and fixtures. These need not be expensive, but the fixtures should be eficlent and com plete, so as to secure the safety of the fowls, and allow the keeper ready access, and con trol of the entire pioduct. We will suggest the plan of a small benery, capab's of sub sisting say 100 fowls, and if jmy of our Cultivate readers know of a better way. in metn pepon. Select fijr the yard a picce of dry ground, gravelly, if convenient, *»ith an inclination to the South or Rut. Lot the yard be aa large m you can well afford, which, of oourw, muit be regulated by the cuoaider* tion of what you can apare for auch pur poea. Upon the north aide of thia yard, ertct year hon-hou-r, faripg the aouth, with a half roof, sloping back. A building ten feet wide and fifteen or twenty long, will be Mfic»nt. Let the front poeta be tea or twelve Let high, the haek poeu three feet ahorter. The roof may be of board*, battened, or of ahingl«a,ao aa to keep out vet. The aide* nod end* covered with boar* running up tod down, and the ocaoks battened. Hare n nail window la # each end, and two small window* in front, all furnished with fixed sbt blind*, ao that tb« stsbes can be taken out in hot weather, and the rouin well ventilated. A scuttle or tilse chimncjr in the middle of the roof, with a valve, will afford a good additioual facility fur ventilation. There must also be a door, where it will be moat convenient for the keeper, and one or more port-holes, for the fowls to jo in an 1 oat at. For the internal arrangement, put up a eufficient number of rooet poles, of the sue of a man'a wrist, and made firm and steady, ami high enough frvm the floor to allow a person to paaa under ; and to aaust the hens in getting up, have one or mora narrow] board ladder*, leading from the ground to the' roost pole*. The stylo of the neat boxes muat be determined by tho kind of lowlx' for which they are designed. If the lurgo Chinese rarietiea, the boxea must bo mado' low and very easy of awes, ao that the hens willnot be obliged to fly up to get In.— | They should be shallow, so that the hens need not bop down from tho rim, sa in that case they are liable to Orealt tne epr<. iney must al*> bo open to view, m these fowls do not require so much privacy as many other kinds. Fowls which are mure particular in their habits, may require the entrance to the nests to be partially concealed, so that the keeper in passing will not annoy the hens during the process of laying or sitting. The nest boxes muy be made stationary or moruble, it makes but little difference which. For large fowls, the boxes should be some 13 ienhas in diamatcr each way, and 8 or 10 inchcs deep, with the front cut partly out, to allow of easy access. For smaller hens, ton inches will do ; and for such at are in clined to he wild, let the entrance to the box be from the back side, with a high front—say two feet— to servo a practical screen from observation. Then a little soft straw in each box completes the fixtures for this business. The whole inside of the henery ih iuld be whitewashed twice in the year, and the rooat poles brushed over occasionally with fish oil, to maketbem distasteful to vetmin. The floor should also be sprinkled over once in a while with fresh wood ashes or slacked lime. This, together with dr ppings from the roosts, should be swept out every few weeks, and the floor spiinkled anew. These sweepings will fonn a choicv manure forj vines, and other garden purposes. If it is | desired to keep several differvnt breeds of j fowls, that should rut run together, it can he done by having Lattice partitions in the, hen house and also in the yard, to prevent, their mixiug. Outdde of the building, the fowls should have acix* to fresh witter, und also a suitable number of wallowing beds, made by placing low troughs or boxes, part ly filled with fine ashes, wnd, 4c. The frequent resort to these will destroy and pro vent vermin. Feeding, the fowls thus coufined, must be regularly and carefully attended to. Those with young chicks should he fed three time* a ■ ay, and in such quantitiea us they will devour without waste, or leuving any.—; Change or vary the feed often. For young chicks, dough or Indian meal scalded and seasoned with a little salt, and also curdled milk, will be found a good staplo feed. Boiled potatoes mashed, with whole grains of wheat, barley, com, oats, Ac., will form u good alternate for the flock at large, flaw potatoes and onions, chopp<d fine, and also a dust of Cayenne paper in the dough, will keep of many disease* and pets, and make the hens lay well. Burnt oy*ter shels and bonea, pounded fine, should also be within their reach at all times. JUisrrll.tnrons. A thrilling MM.—A Rib-marine direr from Buflallo hai at laat succeeded in raising the j ■ufe of the American exprem company, which was lost when the steamer Atlantic , was sunk off Long Point in 1852. It will be recollected that this steamer was instant ly sunk by collision with a propeller, and that a large number ol pasnenjiers were | lost. The dire* was protected by copper armor, and was under water f rty mi <utes, during which time he had some strange ad ventures. * The upper deck of th« steamer i lies one hundred and sixty feet under water,, and far Mow where there is any current or motion. Everything therefore is exactly as it first went down. When the direr alight ed upon the deck, he was saluted by a beautiful lady, whose clothing w.ut well ar ranged, and her hair eleg-.intly dressed. As he approached her, the motion of the water caused an oscillation of the hend, as if grace fully bowing to him. She was standing erect, with one hand grasping the rigging; Around her lay the bodies of serernl others as if sleeping. Children holding their friends by the hands, and mothers with their babes in their artus'were there In the cabin the furniture was still untouched by decay, and to all appearance* had just boon arranged by some careful and tasteful hand. Id the uficv he found the *afe, and w >s' enable to more il with mm, and took it up. on dock wh«re tins grappling iron* were fastened on, and the priie brought sufi-ty to light. Upon opening the safe it di*played its contents in a perfect state of pnwm* tion. There was in the ade $5010 in gold, $3500 in bills of the government stock bank, and a Urge amount of bills on other ba ks, amounting in all to about $37,000. The paper* were aninjured, except that they ■melled very strongly of decMjcd human bodice, a* if It had laid so many yean in a coffin with their owner Of couiw, all this money goes to the persons interest**! In tbia wonderful adventure.—Dttrotf Adrrtr turr, June 18. |y The X. Y. Herald mm the noise over Mr. Fillmore in that city and state, just now, i* only a demand of his partisans for a big nrice'to sell nut. Mr. Fillmore him aslf refuses to withdraw, but his mrtiians will toll hit cloths* off his back before elec tion. Fremont in the Senate. When the people of California adopted a state form of government, with slavery ex cluded from their limits, no man was more earnest and untiring in securing that result than John C. Fremont. His great senrices were recognised bjr his election as ono of tha first two senators from the new state. Ow ing to the free-state provision of the new constitution, the southern members of con gress impeded the admission of California from month to month, therefore preventing the two senators from obtaining their seats. When at length the state was admitted, the brief term drawn by Fremont had nearlj expired. In the remaining time, however, he made his mark as a firm and consistent friend of freedom ; owing to this, the slave rjr politicians brought all their arts to bear on the California legislature, and succeeded after about 150 bull >tings, in electing one of their men in his stead. It is urged bjr aouio party proves that Fremont rated against abolishing slavery in tho District of Columbia. Th« facts are these :—Sept. 12,1850, a clause Abolishing the odious slavo-trade in tho District, had been pushed so far that thero was a good pruspect of passing it. At that time, Mr. Seward, to redeem cert .in plodges, mov. d an amendment abolishing slavery entirely in the District; the friends of lib -rty saw that this could not pas*, and would defeat even tho orginal proposition, if adhered to. Accordingly, Seward's amendment was re jected, yras, 5, nays 45. Among tho latter voting with Fremont, wcresuch men as Da vis of Massachusetts, Uildwin und Truman Smith of Connecticut, Ewing of Ohio, U. C. Winthrop, Ilamlin of Maine, Ac.— This negative vote was the only hope for tho first measure, which on Sept. 16th pawed by a small majority, Fremont, Dayton, and all tho frieudtt of freedom voting for it.— On another occasion, tho prop sition of Seward being renewed, was almost unani mously rejected; Fremont and tho most of tho free State senators concurred, knowing it to be impossible to pass it, aud thinking it injurious to practical measures they hoped to carry. On tho bill abolishing tho slavo trado in tho District, several severe contests took place, and in them all, the young Calilor nian was us true as steel. September 14th, an effjrt was made to get in a clause that any person advising or aiding a slave to runaway from the District, should be thrown into the National prison for five years. Tho vote was close, the slavo ryites resorting to every Appeal to '• savo tho Union the provision was lost by only four majority. Among the nays were Fremont, Hale, Dayton, Seward, Chase, J. Davis, Baldwin, Hamlin, Ac. On the other side was, Foot*, the great compromise advocate, and Dawson and Berien, the whig senators from Fremont's native state. The southern men ufterwards most stren uously urged a clause authorizing tho cit ies of tho district, if they dtsirtd, to forbid free negroes from living therein ; this was defeated by eight majority, among its oppo nents being Fremont. Hale, Dayton, Chase, and Seward. Then ugaiu, when Mason of Ya. moved to strike out from the navy bill the elauso abolishing the flogging of our seamen, Fremont was found with Halo, Chose and Seward, voting no, while most of the southern men went in a body for it. Fremont's course was to voto against mo tions for hopeless prop sitions that would only excite stronger opposition to their pur pose, but to be among the foremost of the friends of humanity on nil really practical questions. It was urged, at an early day, that the government should farm out all tho land in tho gold regions of California, in imitation of Spanish despotism and corruption, letting out immense tract* to purtizun ag-nts who should have the aole right, on their own terms, to underlet to actual diggers ; in this cum, tho land belonging to the nation, •lave lahor or peonage could lie used in ■pite of California law. Brides tho power of tho south, hosts of speculators pushed forward this scheme, and they weru aided by many favorites of government who ex pected to reap go den harvest* without la bor. Fremont set his face against this plan, and urged through the Senate a bill to throw the mines open to all our people; owing entirely to his efforts thoumnd* of poor men are to-day at work in their own little diggings, earning a ooinpetcncy. In hi* defense of his bill, Col. Fremont thus defines his true democracy :— •'The principles of this bill us I have ul n-ady stated them, are to excludo all idea of making a national revenue out of three mine*—to prevent the possibility of monop olies by powerful capitalist* — and to, give the natural capital, that is to say lahor and industry, a fair chancoto work, and the wcurc enjoyment of what they find. ' We have shown enough to prove that during the fow days tlie slave-power per mitted the Young Columbus to occupy his scut, be placed himself on record in a mun 1 ner moat honorable to himself and beneficial to his country men.—Loin 11 Journal. IIimt tke Ruffians Trtat the H'omn of Kan ux%.—The wife »n«l sister of Brow , who h*d been to viait him in confinement at Westport, Mo., werv aerer.il times fired at on their way back to Lawrence, by ganga of government's hired a*tMsinr prowling about the territory. ' The wife of Hrown obtained a promiao from aheriff Jones that their houae at Liwrenee, should not be moles ted. Hat when the ruffian artnr came in, aha waaorvl<?red to leave her houae, and demonstrations were mad* towards pillaging it. 8h« sought atxl found Jonaa, and re minded bim that he had promised her pro tection of perwn and property,—told him that her buaband had been arrested and was in prison, her brother was in prison and •hs was alone with bar littls children, of whom ahe had three ; if «he wu to be made homelean too what in tho name of God could ahe do ! She asked Jonea if ho had a wife, and Jonea (imply mid " yes," but aat unmoved, and gare her no adrioo, and made no offer of protection. She retired to her house, weeping na aho went, and rowing that ahe never would leave It, but while ahe had been imploring protection, hia poaae had been engaged in pillaging her houae, and had ao gutted it, and uacd auch lan* guage toward her, that aho fled acroaa tho prairie with her children to a thicket. A fine span of bono* were, on tho daj before the sacking of Lawrence, driven to a light wagon, containining ladios who were trying to get to n place of safety, when a party of the U. S. powe met them, and lik ing tho appearance of tho animals, took them from the wagon, and when tho women weeping oaked where they were to go and what to do—tho gallant gentlemen, in the service of the wnited Srates, engaged in maintaining the auprcmacy of tho lawa, and illustrating tho eonaervatiim of the conati* tution, told them to " Go to Hell." from Dr. Pvmi' Work on Southern Lift. INSIDE VIEW OF SLAVERY. B. S. or F. II. in South Carolina, owned a giant slave whose name was Dread. This slave was represented to mo by one of the neighbors as a man or superior strength, both of body and mind, being nearly seven feet in height, Thero were forty slaves at work on the plantation of B. S. before Dread was added to the number, and this name was given him by tho new master on account of his uncommon physical strength. The next yenr Dread was made overseer of the gnng, and tho management of the plantation was wholly left to his care. Tho fartn was well conducted under his control and everything went on smoothly and pros perously for several years. The task of every hund was ulways well and seasonably performed, without whipping. If a feeble wuman was sick, or unable to perform her task abno, her husband or brother was al lowed to uiwist her; or if a weak, feeble man could not keep up with tho gang, bis friend was permitted to help him. Tin's is a privilege not customarily granted to slaves. Tho fields of B. S. were now so much more productive than those of others around him, that the neighboring planters frequent ly sought advice of his colored overseer, in relation to the management of their furuis; thus deferring to his opinion, and admitting that he possessed more practical knowledge of agricultural matters than either them selves or their white overseers. A gentleman well acquainted with Dread told mo that ho regarded him not only as much the stoutest, but the most intellectual man he ever saw. •' Dread had tho largest hood," ho re marked, " I havo ever Been and I havo seen Daniel Webster; and hit natural abilities were not inferior to those of that states man." Placed in u condition less humhlo than most slaves, he had never appeared so men iul and timid, ilo felt and acted inoro like a frcu man. Ho did not always take off his cup and put it undo his arm whenever ho met a wluto man in tho streets, or entered his dwelling. It was natural that the whits overseers on the surrounding plantations should bo jeal ous of his aaccoM. And soon it began to be whispered around the neighborhood that if Dread wore so disposed ho might become a leader in an insurrection. Tho slaveholders held a conference, and decided that it was necessary for B. S. to make an experiment that would test the manhool of tho giant slave, and ascertain whether ho could lie made as submissive as all slaves should be made, to insure the safe ty of the masters. Among tho plans that were suggested to B. S. one was to obtain another overseer, and put Dread to work un der him in tho gang; and if ho expressed tho least objection to the change to whip him severely and " break him in." A large, tall, stout Yankee was secured for a driver, and Dread was ordered to take his hoo and perform his task with tho other hands. Without expressing the least sur prise or regret at tho loss of his place, or even presuming to inquire why ho was to he no longer overseer, he went to work with as much apparent cheerfulness us usual. This was so unexpected thut tho masters were perplexed. They could rvully find no fault in the slavo on which to predicate a charge and inflict a punishment. His noble, (earlws bearing, and stately step, wero un mistakable signs that ho felt altogether too manly and independent for a humble slavo ; hut how to develops his feelings und prove tho fact, was the difficult question. Thcro was nothing in bis character or conduct that deserved tho slightest reproof, much leas a punm!iment suthciently severe to crush nis manhood ami hrrnk his invincible spirit.— Still all agnail that something must bo done. Finally, they concluded to prefer false chary* against him, and punish him if he complained of suffering wrongfully. The roaster treated him with unusual severity. One, among numerous complaint* brought againat him. Wis that he did not hoe hie corn as well as the other hands. To remove this, Dread performed a double taak—hoe ing two rowe to each of the others* one.— Tom, who hoed next to Dread, told me that Dread removed every weed, hoed it as neat aaa garden, determined to remove every cauao of complaint; for be saw that a terri ble atorro was arining upon him. Dread and Tom occupied the eatne hut after the new overseer had come; and they bad always been mutual friends. 44 Master S.," aaid Tom, who related the atnry to me, " eame into oar hut one even ing, soon after we had finished work, look ing so palo that he frightened me t and be said, 44 Dread ! I say you don't hoe your eorn so well aa the other hands." 44 ITow do you know that, master?" re plied the intrepid slave, rising up respect fullj from his low stool, and looking tho master calmly in th« eye. *' Now I knew," auid Tom,11 that master S. had not been in the field that day. Nor had be aeen tho overseer, as his quarters were beyond our hut,—and further from the house. Besides, had he consulted the orsrseer he would bare been informed that, instead of not doing his work *as well,' Dread had done his work better, and twice as much, as either of the other bands.— But the moment tye questioned his master's knowledge, he had exceeded tho prerogative of a slaro, and this throw bis master into a violent fit of anger." " Ah ! you hare got above yourself, boy,' herociferated, raging and foaming with pass ion. " I must have you laktn down a notch! You shall be flogged, you impudent, black rascal!" " I thai! not receivt a flogging, sir," re plied the indignant slave, firmly and fear tally. Mr. S. then ran out to the overseer, and told him to call on all hands. " Now take him and tjo him," said Mr. 8., when tho whole gang had assembled in front of Dread's hut, and ho was standing in tho door. This, said Tom, " they at* tempted to do, in a scuffle which lasted near ly an hour; but they were not ablo for a moment $o confine one of his limbs; for with his hunds and feet ho flung them on tho ground as fast as thoy cuino near him. do evidently avoided injuring the slaves more than wus alisolutcly necessary, in defending himself; for ho knew thoy all loved him." Soon after this fruitless effort to subdue Drcud, tho master and overseer of another plantation were employed to come and help bind and whip him. In tho meantimo Drcud furnished himself with a long hutch er-knifo, with which ho felt seeure. When be saw them coming into tho field to take him he droppod his hoe, drew the rude weap on from his sido, advanced a fow step* to ward them, and brandished the knife, as he 1 stood in an attitude of conscious innocence, inorul courage, physical strength, and bold defiance of his f>>es! " Xo man," said Tom, " dared lay a fin ger on him!" Now a crisis had corno. A slave had suc cessfully resisted his master. This must not bo tolerated. Such an insurrectionary spifit must Iks crushed, cost what it may.— The deadly purpose wus formed in tho heart of the master. " Tho gun was loaded," said Tom,11 and I was ordered to take tho ammunition, and accompany my master." " What are you going to do note ! said Mrs. S. to her husban >, as ho was passing qut of tho house. " I am going out on a squirrel hunt," replied Mr. S. with apparent composure. " Had mistress known his intention to kill Dread," said Tom, " I think she would have persuaded him from his bloody purpose —for she was a Christian woman. But we started off before sho had time to say more. Passing around behind the house, we camo in sight of the slaves at work in a plum or chard, in tho valley behind tho hill. Mas ter raised his gun—held it steady to his eye, until tho victim wus selected from tho other liand*—and then ho fired ! " A heavy charge of buck-shot was lodged in tho thigh of tho great-hearted, uncon querable Dread. Tho largo artory was di vided. The blood poured from tho wound. Dread ran out a few rods to the hill (tide, crying to ILuven for vengeance on his mur derer, and uttering in deep, thunder-tone#, that seemed to make the oarth tremble be neath him, • I'm killed ! I'm killed! I'm killed !!!' Ilis devoted wife, who, a moment boforo, stood laboring faithfully at his sido, w in the 6rat to touch him, crying in a wild, frantic voice— " Dread it dead! Dread ii Dud ! ! DREAD IS DEAD !!! " " Hold your tonguo ! " commanded the murderer. " Still sho screamed," said Tom, " louder than 1 ever before heard from woman— •• 'Dread is dead ! Dread is dead!' " Tho master ran up to tho fenco, pulled off a rail, and struck that woman with it on the hwid, repeating—with a horrid oath— •• Hold your tongue, I say ! " This is tho "moderate correction" which tho laws of tho slave States allow! So doos slavery harden the heart, uutil tho nftin is made—not a brute, but—a fiend ! So has many a moral hero in tho South fallen a victim to its cruel, imutiahlo spirit! Tho Ixxly of Dread was carried to its rest, by his mourning companions. The darkno* of n ght could not cover their sorrow. IIi» heart-stricken wife, broken down witli griel which no tongue can describe, was sold u few dayi afterward to u " soul-driver " from Kentucky ! The \Vhlit Mountains.—It is expected tha* the carriage road from tho Glen hou» • to the summit of Mount Washington will bo complete^ and ready for um tha present season. The moat difficult portion of the line was finished but year, and four miles were unod for honto travel at the cIom of tho Mton, The road will be 8 1>4 milt* in length and 10 feet in clear width. The grade in no place exceeds a rise of one foot in seven, the average being one foot in nine and a half. In all plaras where there in any dangerous precipitancy, a heavy pro tection wall ia built on the outer ai le of th< road, three feet thick and two and a hall fr>pt high. It is reported that in locating thin famoua cartage rood, more care, time, and skill and expense have been expended than upon the same length of any railroad line in the country. While the sumgpi for the road were in progires, Mr. Stephenson, the celebrated engineer, visited New Hamp shire in oompanr with persons interested in the enterprise, lie strongly recommend d that the grade of the road should he so re , duced as to enable the company hereafter to uso steam in ascending and descending, and he was at the turn en^igxl in constructing • similar ruilwny over the Appcninui. A large Hotel will be erected on the ium* mit of Mount Washington, and when the ruad is opened the spot will be a great place of resort by invalids. The scientific world are hoping that a national observatory will be established at this eleratod point. Dr. Charles E. Jackson's report on the geology and mlncrology of New Hampshire furnish* es some important facta connected with tho atmospheric pressure upon the system at the summit. The chartcr of the Mt. Washington road company authorizes them to continuo their road orer the summit of Mt. Washington and down to the county road on the oppo site side. More then twenty thousand per* sons visited the White mountains last year. Then are ten Hotels in (ho region, which wero found inadoquato for all the wants of visitors during July and August. The pleasure travel usually commences about the 1st of July. Massachusetts and N'ew York will bo largely represented at the mountains this year. E A N_S AS. — or tit* — Congressional Investigating Com* mittee. Thii report gives to the people of the United Staton, authentic official information of the unparalleled giguntic fraud* and out rages which hare I o n perpetrated in Kan sas, upon the rights of tho settlers of that territory, frauds and outrages which have either boon winked at by tho authorities of the United States, or been allowed to goon without a singlo act of tho administration in season to prevent them. The imposture of tho Kansas Nebraska Act, and tho damn ing consequences that haro flawed from it, are, by this report, placed before tho coun try in appulling clearness. It is hurdly conceivable that such infernal proceedings could havo been transacted in our country, us are detailed by this committee, without having raised a physical revolution before which tho guilty perforators, and those whoso official conduct has given rise to thcin, would havo been swept awuy us with tho "bosom of destruction." All of tho accounts of tho hellish pro ceedings of tho Kordcr Iluffiiansof Missouri are confirmed by tho testimony of this report. The story of tho wron s and outrages which the peuple of Kansas havo sustained us es tablished by this report, will astonish the world. There is not a redeeming thing to initiate or excuse the Miwourians for the accumulated outrages which they have liecn allowed, nay, stimulated to commit by the complicity of tho administration, upon the defenceless settlers of Kunsas. The report, which is written in no spirit °f prejudico or passion, is a calm, clear statements of facts, arranged so as to Iw easily understood, is vory long, and would occupy more space in our paper than it would be possiblo for us to give to publish it entire. We shall be obliged in conse quence to givo only somo extracts, and to these wo invite tho att'ntion of our readers. Tho report commences thu« : The Special Committee appointed to in vestigate tho trouble* in the Territory of Kansas, having performed the duties re quired by the liouso, beg leave to lubinit the following REPORT. • A journal of proceedings, including sun dry communications made to und by the Committee, was kept, a copy of which is herewith submitted. The testimony is also herewith submitted ; a copy of it has been made und arranged, not according to tho order in which it wa< taken, but so us to Iiresent, as clearly as possibly a consecutive listory of ovonts in the Territory, from its organization to t e I'Jtb day of March, A. D.. 1H50. Your Committee deem it their du»y to xtate, as briefly as powiblo, the principal facta proven before them. When tho uct to organize tho Territory of Kansas was Inum.mI on —day of May, 1851, tho great er proportion of it< eastern bolder was in cluded in Indian reservations not open for settlement. und there were but few white settlers in any portion of tho Territory.— Its Indian population was rapidly decreas ing, whilo many emigrants from different parts of our country were anxiously wait ing tho citinction of tho Indian title, and the establishment of a Territorial Govern ment, to sock new homes in its fertile prair« i -s. It cannot ho doubted that if its condi tion us a free Territory had been left undis turbed by Congress, It* settlement would have been rapid, peaceful, and prosperous, lis climate, v>l, and its ousy access to the ilder settlements would have made it tho favored course for the tido of emigration constantly fl iwing to tho West, und, by this time, it would hurw been udiuitted into tho Union a« a Free State, without tho least sectional esritoiiient. If so organized, nono Silt the kind.wt fooling could havo existed bttweon it ami the adjoining State. Their mutual intenvts and intercourse, instead of, is now, endangering tho harmony of tho Union, wonld have strengthened tho ties of national brotherhood. Tho testimony clear* ly shows that before tho preposition to re peal the Missouri Compromise was intro duced into Congress, the people of Western Missouri appeured indifferent to the prohi '•ition of >lavery in the Territory, and nei ther ask -d nor diwircd its repeal. » hen, however, the nrohinitmn waa r»v moved by the action of CongrtM, the napect if affiira entirely changed. The whole country wue ugitu'ted by the ro-opening of t controTiT** which conacrrative men in liflhrent auctions hoped had been aettled in jverv Sut« and Territory by aotne law l>» j.ind the danger of repeal. Tlie excitement which haa alwjya accompanied the diactu «ion of the Slavery queation waa graitly in criwwl by the hopi on the one hand ol ex tending Slavery into region from which it had heen excluded by law ; and on the ither by a aenae of wrong done bj what waa regarded u a diahonor of a national »tnjwct. Thi* excitement waa naturally transferred into the border anintioa of Alia* «i-.i ri and the Territory aa aettlen favoring free or alave institution* moved into it. A new difficulty aoun ycurred. Different con •miction* were not upon the organic law. It waa contended by the one party that the right to hold alavea in the Territory exiated, uid that neither the naopltf nor the Territo rial Lcgialature could prohibit Slavery— that that power waa alone poMamd hr the people when they were autnorixed to form a >tatc Government. It waa contended that tS# removal of the restriction virtually «* ubliahed Slavery in the Territory. Thia claim wm urged by mtnj prominent men in Western Missouri. wbo actively en paged in the afluirs of the Territory. Every move ment of whatever character which tended to establish free institution*, was regarded M an interference with their right*. Within a few days alter the organic law passed, and as aoon aa ita paasage could be known on the border, leading citixena of Miaaouri eroaaed into the Territory, held Squatter meeting* and then returned to their home*. Among their reaolutiona are the following: ••That we will afford protection to no Ab olitioniat aa auttlor of thia Territory." ••Ttiut we rvoogniic the inatitutioo of Slavery aa already existing in thia Territory, and advise slaveholder* to introduce their property oa early as poaaible." Similar reaolutiona were naaaed in vnrioua purta of thfc Territory, and t>y meetings in several counties of MmboiiH. Thus the first effect of the repeal cf the restriction against Slavery was to suhatitute the reaolri* of aquatter meetings, composed xlmoat exclu sively of citlVena of a single State, for the deliberate action of Congruw, acquired in for thirtr-fire years. This unlawful mterierence nas ix*n con tinued in every important event in the his tory of the Territory ; rrrry election ha* been controlled not by the actual •cttlcn*, but by citizens of Mwwuri, and n« a conse. quence every officer in the Territory, from constable* to legislators, except thoeo ap pointed l»y the I^caident, owe tl^eir posi. tion* to non-resident voter*. Xono have beeu elected by tho settlers, and your Com mittee have l»een unable to find that uny political power whatever, however unim portant, has Iwcn exercised by the people ol tho Territory. In October, A. D., 1854, 'tor. A. H. Reeder nnd tho other officers apt>oinUd by tho President urriml in the Territory. Set tlers from all juirts of the country were moving in, in grout numbers, nuiking their claims and building their cabins. About the Mine time, and before any election was or c mid b* held in tho Territory, a secret political Noeiety was formed in the State of Mioiouri. It was known by different name*, such as " Social Hand," " lrien«ls Society," "Hluo Lodge," "The Sons of the South'" Iu members were bound together by sjcret oatlis, and they Imd jastwonls, sign*. and grips by which they were known to each other. Penalties wero imnoaad for violating the rules and secrets of tuo Order. Written minutes were kept of tho pnnved in^s of tho Iiolges, and the different hod;?* wero connected together by an effective or ganization. It embraced great numlwrs ol the citizens of Missouri, and was extended into other Slave States and into the Territo ry. Its avowed purpose was not only to extend Slavery into Kansas, but aUo into other territory of the United States and to form u union of all the friends of tliut in stitution. Its plan of operating was to or ganize and send men to vote at tho olections in tho Territory, to collect money to pay their aponses, and if uecessary to protect them in voting. It al«o proposed to indue* Pro-slavery men to emigrate into tho Ter ritory, to aid and sustain thom whilo there, and to elect none to office but those friendly to their views. This dangerous society was controlled by men who avowed their pur |mm«» to extend Slavery into tho Territory at all hazards, und was altogether tho inosi uffjctivo instrument in organizing tho suh*<> quent armed invasions und loruys. In it* Lodges in Missouri the uffairs of Kansu* were discussed, the force necessary to con trol the elections were divided into Uinds, und leaders selected, mo ns wcr.v collected and signs and badges were agreed upon.— While tho great body of the uctual settler* of tho Territory were relying upon tho right* socured to the"* by tho orgunic law, nnd hud fonnod no organization or combination whatever, even of a party character, this conspiracy against their rights whs gather ing strength in a neighboring State, and would have Iwen sufficient at their first elec tion to have overpoweicd them, if they had been united to a man. rtasT m&soi'Ri invasion. Tho first election was for a Delegnto to Congress. It was appointed for tho 29th ot Nontmbor, 1850. The Governor divided the Territory into Seventeen Elections Districts, appointed Judge*, and prescribe proper ruies for tho election. In the 1st, 3d, 8th, 9th, 10th, 12th, 13th and 17th District* there amieaw to have been hut littlo if any fraudulent voting. This election was held for the choice of u d degate to Congress, only to serve tho short time of tho last Congress. Tho committeo say in relation to this election. Tho following ntatruct exhibits the whole nuudtcr of votes at this election for each candidate ; the number if legal and illegal votes east, und the number of legal voters in February fo lowing : 4U»T#ACT or CXXlCf, AXD ELECTION or NOT. Tli us your Commit too find tlmt in this the first olection in tlio Territory u very large majority of the Totes were cu»t by cit izens of the iStutu of Missouri in violation uf the organic law of the Territory. Of the legal votes cast Oun. Whitfield received ii plurality. The settlers took but little in tercut in the el ation, not one-half of tliem voting. Tin* may Iw accounted for trom the fact that the settlements were scatter- d over u great extent—that the term of the Delegate to be elected was short—and that the question of Free and Slave institution* was not generally regarded by them as dis tinctly at if«ue. Under these circumstance* a systematic invasion Trout an adjoining State by which large numlten of illegal vote* wore cast in remote and sparse settlement* for the avjwed purpose of extending Slavery into tho T rritory, even though it did not cliange the result of the election, was a crime of greut magnitude. Iu immediate efTvt was t4i further excite the people of the Northern States ■■induce acts uf retaliation, and exasperate the actual settlers against their neighbors in Missouri. J!), 1854. Whitfield Waltcfii-ld Flonniken 2,2f»8 218 304 61 L -gal votes Illegal votes 2,871 1,142 lf7a» ■ 11.0*0 K1MOCRI I NT A MOV. In Jtnuary and February, A. D. 1855. the Onrernor <\iu»«l an cn*<ineratio i to taken of the inhahitiuita and qualified rot <r» in the Territory, an abstract of which U here giron: abstract or csxsc* rxttrk*. Mai* A128* Female* 3373 Vou-n 2>»5 Minora 3400 Satires of the United Stataa 71»U Foreign Birth 409 Negroei 151 SLtm 242 Total 8501 On the Mine day the oeoaoa waa coioplet ed, U»o Goremnr ImuhI hi* prurUm ilion I for un election to he held on the30th March, A. D. 1H35, Tor Memhen of the LegUatWe ! Aaaciuhljr of Um Territory. It prweeribed ; the boundaries of diatriota; the place* for poll®; the names of JudgM; the appoint inent of members; and recited the ijuahfl rations o( voter*. If it hod been observed, a ju»t and fair election would have reflected the will of the people of the Territory.— Before the election, false and inflammatory runion were busily circulated among the people of Western Missouri. The number and character ol the emigration then pa*> iog Into the Territory were glossy exagger ated and misrepresented. Trough the active exertion* of many of It* leading citixens. aided by the secret societies before referred to, the passions and prejudices of the people of the btate were greatly excited. Several residents there hare testified to the character of the reports circulated among and credit ed by the people. These effort* were suo> oessful By an orgvnized movement which extended from Andrew Co. in the north to Jasper county in the south, and as far east* ward as Boone and Cole Counties, oompanlee of men wen* arranged in regular parties and •ent into ertry Council District in tSe Terri tory, and into rrcry Rtprtsentotir* District hut one. The numbers were so disturbed um to control the election in each district.— They went to vote and with the avowed do. aign to mako Kanaia a blare State". Tbey wore generally armed and equipped, and carriod with them their own proviaioni and tenta, and no marched into the Territory.— Tha dctaiIn of thU invasion, from the ma« of tho testimony taken bj jour Committee, are ao volumnious that wo can her* atato but the leading facta elicited. A large apace in the report ie devoted to the relation of the outrageaand frauda per* ((titrated at this election. Aa apecitncna, we ffxve the following only— riRST D1STK1CT—MARCH 30, 1835.—LAW* axxca The company of itenona who marched in* to thia Diatrict, collected in Kay,* Howard, Carrool, lloone, In Fayette, Ilandolph, Si* line, and Caaa rountiea, in the State of Mia* aouri. Their expenani were paid thoee who could not come contributing proviaiona, wagona, Ac. I'roviaiona were depoaited foi tlioae wlio wero exported to como to Law rence in the houao of William Mrkina, and were diatributed among the Miaaouriana after they arrived there the evening before and the morning of the day of election, about 1,(MM men from the above oountiea arrived at Lawrence, and comped in a ra* vine a abort diatance from town, near the plac- ef voting. Tbey enmo in wagona— of which then> were over one hundred—and ami on horaeback, under the command of Colonel Suuiuel Young, of Boone county, MiMouri, and Claiborne P. Jacluon, of Xliwouri. Tliey were armed with guna, ritlua, pi* tola, and bowie-knivoa, and had U>nta, mnmo, and flaga with them. They brought with them two piece* of artillery, loaded with nnudut balm. On their wa'y to uiwrenco aome ol thorn met .Mr. .>. If. Wanton, who !iu<i been appointed one of the Judges of Klection bjr Out. Reeder, and after learning from hiiu that ho conaidered it hia duty to demand an oath from them aa to their place of residence, Brat attempted to bribe, and then threatened him with hanging, in order to induce him to diaponaa with tluit oath. In consequence of tbea* threaU. he did not appear at the poll* tlx next morning to act us Judge. The evening liefore the election, while ia camp, the Miaaouriana were called together .it the tent of Capt. Claibirno F. Jackaon, »nd speochc* were made to them by Col. Young and other*. culling fur volunteers t« go to other Diatricta where there were nut Miaaouriana enough to control the election, md there were more ut Lawrence than wer« needed there. Man/ volunteered to go, md the morning of the election, aeveral eompanica, IVom 1 '»<• to 2U0 men each, went iff to TecuiuM-h, Hickory Point, Blooming ton, and other plocea. On the morning of the election, the Miaaouriana came over to the place of voting from their camp, in Sodie* of one hundred at a time. Mr. Ulanton not uppearing, another Judge wo* ippointed in hia place—Col. Young claim ing that, ua the people of tho Territory had two Judge*, it wua nothing more than right that tho Missoumne should have the'other one, t<» look after their interest* ; and Rob ert A Cummins waa elected in Dlantoo'a stead, b•cause he considered that every tui.n had u right to vote if he had been in tho Territory but nn hour. Tho Miaaouri.ui* brought their ticket* with them, hut t.ot 'luving enough, they had three hundr.tl more printed in btwmuv on the evening War* and the day of election. Th -j had while rtbhona in their Ixitton-holna to dlv tincuia themselves from the Bottler*. The Miaaouriana s un-timm came up to the poila in proce**ion, two by two, aud vo tod. During the day the Miaaouriana drove off the ground •oni" of the cititcna, Mr. SteveiM Mr Rind, aud Mr. Willi*. They threat* .•nod to shoot Mr. llond, and a crowd rushed after him thteatcning him, and a* he ran from them some ahota wen* flred at him, aa he jumped off the bank of the river and tnade hia cacap . The citizena of tiia town went over in a body, late in the after noon, when (he polls hau become compara* lively clear, und voted. Tho Miaaouriana begin to leave tho after noon of tin* <Uy of election, though *<>.aa ili<l not go homo until the nuxt morning. In many cu»* when a wagon loud bad roted, they liuiuediaUdy atarn-d for home. On their «uv homo they m i! that if (tor. Roodcr did n it at action tho election tlmy would hang hiin. Tho citu-tia of tho town of Iawwhv, m n genantl thing, were not artmx] on the day i>( election. though anno liad revolvers, but not MX|*iaed. tui were thoarma of tho Mi« anuriana. Tliojr kept a guard about tho town the night after tho uloction, Id coiiae qucnco of tho thnuU of tho Miaaouriiuu, in order to protect it. The pro-Slavery men of the dutnet at tended tho nominating Convention* of tho Freo Sute men, and voted for and ami ml the nomiaationa of the m m the/ considered the moat obnoxious u> the Fn«- .State party, in order to cuuao diaaendon in that party. Tho whole numhrr of nam * appearing upon tho pill liata ia 1034. After full ex amination, wo aro aatiafiod that not over 232 of those were leg il voters, aod *»2 wqre n on-resident and illsgil votc*r». Thi« Dm* frirt ia strongly in favor of making Ramus j free Sute, and there ia no doubt that the freo State candidate* for the I**giaUture would have boon elected by large majorities, if nooo but tiie actual sutlers had voted. ELEVENTH BtsTBICT—BUKJirXOTOX. On the morning or Cl*o ••loctioa, Uw Judg** appointed by the (j ifrr tor, appeared and open*! the poll*. Tboi. tunica were llarrieon, Buraon, Natlunwi iUuuuj and Mr. Rlliaon. Tiio Mueouriana Iwgaa to come in wirly on the morning, a >mo 500 or (iOO of them, in wagon* and rafriagea, and on bonwlnek, under the load of tkoiuel J. Jon*. then IY»tnu*trr of Wiwtport, Mi* aouri, Claiborne F. Jackaon, and Mr. SUwly of Independence, Mo. Tlicy wens armed with double-barreled cum, rifira, bowia knirea, and pistole, and had flag* hoiated.— They beld a aolt of informal election, off at one wide, at flrwt for Governor ot Kitnma, and ahortly aftetwarda announced Thoinaa Johruon, ofSSawncu Miaaiona, elected Gov ernor. Tbe nolla luJ bum opened but » short time wfien Mr. Jonea mardml with the crowd up to the window, and demand"! that they should be allowed to rota witbo. •