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The Union and eastern journal. [volume] (Biddeford [Me.]) 1854-1858, August 29, 1856, Image 2

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THE UNION
EVSTEKN JOURNAL.
FRIDAY MORNINO, ACG. 2D, 1850.
RKi'KBLIt l\ .\01IIV1TII).V\
FuR PrEMDaNT.
JOHN C. FREMONT,
or CALiron.MA.
For Vici President.
WTLLIAM.L. DAYTON,
Of new JLARKY.
lUl'IblTrATirO* TO CbnoRKM.
lit Uutriet join M. U'UUO.
-C1MRL) ». J. GILMAft.
(U 0i !rwl-irtTllL> C. FOVTKR.
4tA J>mrm-ruKtMAH ii. uon»t°.
3<4 ftilr.d-hll.4KL XV itliUlKN. Jr.
roR ELECTORS AT LARGE,
NOAH SMITH. Jr., of Calftim.
SIDNEY ParttfAM, of Woodstock.
AARON P. EMCilSON, of OrUnd.
ISAAC OROSS, ofTutMr.
JA jl .-.S MOHTOX. of £niton.
EDWARD SWAN, ox' Gardiner.
IUR GOVERNOR,
HANNIBAL HAMLIN,
or IUMPOKX.
For Senators.
riUT DISTRICT.
NATHAN DANE of Alfred
SEl'll SCAMMON, ofiweo.
SAMUEL W. JONKS. ot L-lunon.
For Judy* of Prolate,
EDWARD E. BOURNE, of KennoUnk,
For Rryistrr of Profatr.
FRANCIS BACON, of Buxton.
For SJirritf.
NATHANIEL G. MARSH ALL, of York.
For Count if Commissiontr.
JAMES M. DKEKING, ofSaeo.
For County Tuaturtr.
JOHN BRACKErr -VI, of Pir*»n»fiold.
Republican Blend Qiiartcru !
— AT —
BE"TH3V£jI HALL, Central Block.
Rooms open Day and Eveiunj.
I uui opiMVil to *hiTfry in tho H<Mtract,
ami uu priueij>l>>, t.u»uii»d aiul modi? h*hit
ual l»v loii)* tuuK-d convictions. While I
fed nit) allile in the belief tlu»t it ought not
to he interfered with when* it exist* under,
the •hi'.'lJ of si.iti » •vcr 'ipnty, I a* (MUX- j
I HIT OIVOSl > i i U > , xrK\»ll>S OX T11U IU.N
nstM mwD m nam mjhts.
J011NC FREMONT, IMC.
" 1 repeat that I n »Ter can and never will
vote, miJ no uirthly power will er r iuak«
in.' Tote, t» »pread Mavcry uxor Territory
wherw it due» uot %■*•«' "
HENRY CLAY, 1^50.
I'ndor no circumstance will I consent to
the lnr.m r extoumun of the unu of blaverv
iu the I'luted e>UUn, or to the further in
creuae of replantation in tho IIjum ul
Representative*.
Daniel webster, is-w.
rT" WHENEVER THERE IS A SI B
ST.vNTIVE GOOD TO UK DUNE. WHEN
EVER THERE Id A FOOT OK LAND TO
RE PREVENTED FROM BECOMING
SLAVE TKUKl TORY, I AM READY TO
ASSERT THE PRINCIPLE OF THE EX
CLUSION OF id.A VERY."
DANIEL WEBSTER, 1850.
rr ( "omprthrr.dinj the iMtjnilude of the
trust trSich they hare declared thr m-lees trill
i \'J to fi MCi in my hauls, and deeply sensible
to the honor ichnht.'uir unrcurctd confidence
in this thnatemny position of the puouc <j/
fa.rs imp H s, //»>/ thai I cannot Utter rr
tpond than by a sincere declaration that, in
the event of' my election to th• presidency, /
should enter «;•»»<« the ei+cuh.m of its dutus
icith a sinyle'heorteJd. termination to promote
t \e yood of the WHOLE COUSTK Y,and
to airtet so/ili/ to (hit rnd all the poicer of th*
Ojcernment, IRRESPECTIVE OF PA1CTY
I»IL\ AND REGARDLESS OF SEC
TION \ I. > 11; 1 r r .* •.
JOHN C. FttOIOJiT.
3r FREE LABOR—TIIE NATURAL
CAPITAL WHICH CONST!N*TES THE
R VLW I 1LTUOP rillSUR \i COI N
T1Y, AND CREATES THAT INTEI.LI
« IN T I'OW Kit IN THE MASSES ALONE
TO UE RELIED ON AS THE III LWARK
OF FREE LNSriTl HONS.—C. F«k
letter of Acceptance.
/ rrry muih d prwate all svhanal ij
suts. I hare not been in the past, nor shall
J be in the fattier, in^trvmental in filtering
such issuS. Nut th' lief ml of the Mi noun
Compromise, and as a cons •/« inr, the ex
tension of S.'acry, are no issues raised by
us ; they are is*u \« forced upon us, and ire |
act but in Ki'f-defence when tee repel them.—
That sertnn of thr country uhi h presents
these isjws it reap >nsible for that; and it is
this sxhona.'is.i iwhich has si. nrerh d past
compramis s, and now s i« /» force Slavery
into Kansas.—W*. L. Datton.
Oar County Nomljntica.*.
Th« tickot prwont j hy flio Ilepul/icaua
of IhU Count j. to tlw cjiwiilcrution of tho
rltvtum of th»« >iulriot it un« which in all
rnpwta i* wurtitj of the support of all inon,
who to tee tho luhstuntul jnturvata of
tho Suto and Nation promoted. Tlwy wi-iv
numiaated with entira uunuiuiity, and in
the cvjalidi-nt exportation that th • entire li*t
would bo approved hjr tho rot.'n of the
County.
Thofir»t name on the lUt of Senator* in
that uS N tru i\ I)a\k Kaq., of Alfred. Mr.
Dane ia ohi uf t!*> m >U int Ui^vnt nod en
terprising farmer* ol tlto County, a j rjcti
c«l agricultural ut and dm who h.w l»r hi*
example been of (great *'rrie.t ia stimulating
a d,*ir» f «r antproTeniMit in theu^Uultural
intrmU in 1J1U County. Ilo ia a (utn <>f
unnwcT* iu~ rretitudc, tho koill of honor and
■ound in polituaJ prinr.'pK*. I1U political
pivd-lictiona hare Uvn whig and aa Wfh ho
ha* alw.iya sustained nn l approved of Itae'
princijdm agaiiwt the ext<*ruion of slarery,'
which weir prominent id.u* with tho wlii^r'
party. on all ikmhm. II* w.i« in!t*xiMy
opponed to tli * repcil uf tho .Mi*ouri Conj-1
prom!*', an-1 w"> ur what w» know to be
true when wn ir», that in n i circum
•tancv* will ho either m«Ji itely ur imme
diately e«»»uir» •ueS urtHn *5 will impair
the purpose* of the KepuMitmn (arty ia |
their efforts to prevent tho extemijo of
slavery into tb» territory*. U« w heartily, '
chwrfully in laror of efforts to prvnftt
•pirod of slavery Into frw territory, and
will, If derted, sustain such mm and ««'* i
tntWMire* of the RtfuhU, <m yariv as * ill|HT"
efficacy and effect to this rital principle of
the contest. lie has no sympathy wit'1
those men who hare with fal>w profusions
of attachment to tlie whig principle* and
the whig {lurtr, traitorously struck hands
with their ancient enemies. and deserting
cheri«bed principle* haro ignobly sold them
aalfco to Iluchanan, and t!io extension of
itbiTery. We know tluit his honor, his
franVnera, hU intelligence as well a* his
soundness, on the ureal question before the
country, will insure him tb« hearty support
of tbo citizens of Uio District.
Sktu S'amkov, the accond name on the
ticket is alao a practical ogriculturuliat, and
a gentleman o' gn-at intelligence, high rep
utation, and gn-at popularity. He haa l>ad
Urge legUlntive experience in the popular
brunch of our l*x'utlaturo, when Reprea.'n
utivo fur auccuaaivo veara, from the tuwn of
Sico, uud L'w selection for tho post it a for
tunuto one, in all roapccU Una nomination
" fit to b< made" and will bu ni'Mt chccrlul
It ratified we belie re bj the elector* of the
Diatrict.
Tho remaining candidate, Dr. Jonca, ot
Lebanon, we hare not the pleoaur.- of know.
ing, but from .the unanimity with which he
was brought forward by tho Delegate* from
the Southern District atvl from all w.* have
kwrni'd of hU charactjr we are sure that the
election wa«a wiaoonj, and such an one a*
U entirely wtUfactonr to the people of the
County.
Tlio nomination)) for County officer* |
Ci. Marshall of York, as Sheriff, Francis 1
Iiuson of Buxton, Register of Probate, j
than whom no two men can bo found bet-;
ter qualifid to discharge the duties of the
the respective offices to which they were
noinitmU-d, we are sure will meet with u
cirdi.il ruaponae. Both of th wo gentlemen
hive liad exjwrienco in the offices to which
they are uominated and the manner if) which
t'ieir duti s were discharge), merited and
received th* public approbation.
lion. K. K. Boi'rm, the nominee for
Jud>^», it to well known us tin abls lawyer,
and high minded, honorable man, to require
any lengthened notice from our pen. If
sound integrity, the discharge of every duty
inquired of the good citizen to*' isany years,
a blatu<dcss life, ndded to extended legal
abilities and other requisite qualifications
for tho offii<c, will fit Mr. Bourne for the po
sition to which he was nominated and will
; ensure his ileetion—most ccrtainly he will
be chtw *n—for n i man among us in all theee
particular*, enjoys, nnd deservedly, » high,
er position in tho tstimation of his fellow
I citizen*.
J\m M. Detrinu, thonouiiin» for Coun
l.v * \.mmi--i>ner, U a resident of Suco. A
practical I-'.isineM man ofgr.-at intelligonc?,
he has every r^u.'sitc fir the office. lu his
I Kinds the important interim* of the County,
; its financial and other interests, mny ho con
tided i.itli the utm'Jtt certainty that thoy
will bo looked after n ith care, and for the
conunui goo J.
11 ■ only n maining selection, Mr. John
Brack o t, -u of l\ir»ousflcld, as Treasurer u
no wo are lufonned, one of tho nrjet substan
tial citizens of that old Democratic town—
\ intelligent, capable and popular, mid in ull
' rejects a suitable person for tlio office.
In looking over our ticket wo feci a do
' groe of j riile at the character of tlio men
! elected. Th -y aro all men o 1 the bighorn
' reputation in tl:o njipcctlve pla«« when*
! they mile, mon who arerejfird-'d a« among
th<* l>e»t citizens, and sound to the core on
tlio great |« ditical quoitioM vhich now ag
itato the c iuiitrj. M n who have in other
in t rut but those of th ? Stat > nnd Nation
' of which they are component member*.—
They are union loving, Coastituti »n uhid
in ». uiul liberty d "siring mon, and in every
condition of lif* bro proved themselves to
be inch. They can, nnd we believe they
will be cloctod, for we aroa*urod that the
constituents of the won who |>ut thorn in
nomination will do their whole duty, and
if thin bo done, they cannot fail of being cn
dorvd bjr the vaters of the c >untry.
York County nnd Senatorial Convon
I UOrU
In accordance with the Call fntn tl o
County Cotnmitt Dolejates from tho sev
eral towns of York County, met at Alfred
I on Thursday, August 2lst, nnd on motion
of Charles Hill Esq., Chairman of tho Coun
ty Committr.', the Convention was tempo
rarily organ ii-d, by tho choioo of EJvinl
E. Bourne K»q., of Kennebank, ns tcmpo
raryThainnan, and Daniel Stimson.of Bid
d'furd, temporary Sacrrtary.
Tho Divine billing was invoked bj Hev.
Joint Stevens of North Berwick.
On motion of Rufus P. Tapley E«>q., of |
I tho foil »wing gentlemen wore nomin
aU>l by the Chairman, and chosen a Com
mittee on Credential*:
Rufus P. Tapley, ofSaco, Joseph Weare, I
of York, Cotton Bean, of Limerick, (litna-»'
Uel K. Smith, of Newfleld, nnd Ichaliod
Fioet, of SunibrJ.
On m ^tian ofChurh* Hiil II%j., of Saro,
,th.» 1 diowiug gAitlowcn were n uninatrd by
tlu Cluirijun, and flioMi a' a Committee
on {mnont Organization :
Charles Hil», ofSaco, Seth K. Bryant, of '
KaniuiUink, C. D. Mather*. of York, T. I*.
Pl.uv, of Limerick. Jam* M wtoa, of Bax- J
ton, F. A. W ood, of Lchan »n.
R. P. Tapley, fitrp, fnun the Committee
on CmlntUi, reported the name# of 102
Do! -garcs, from the several towns in the
County, ns follows :
1 j Acton— Luthur G *llu -, A!. C. Ilurd,
j J. M. Sin bom.
I Alfred— John II. Goodanow, Aaron
! Clark, Jauu* L. Emrrson.
Berwick— IronrNute, Lmti t'Urk, Jumw
n.'in.'iit, Klijah Have*, Robert Moulton,
BidJefonl — Daniel Stiui«on, 8. W.
' Luomm, S. C. Hamilton. L. Andrews, Wil
liam Berry, Cjrua K. bint, William A. I
i Uodfkins, I'houi.n Kiiulull, 5>iin.\m Good
I win, L O. Cowan, Thomas Colo, Geo. II. I
Adam*, K. II. C. lloapur, Maraliall I'i.Teo.
Baxtm — C. K. W*ld, Jobn Kldaij Jr.,j
1 Thomas TatIkix, Jamw Morton, Francis Ba-!
con.
Curnfcdi — Saaiu.'J * IVnduter, William '
Pea*. Saiuuol Kiotman.
Djjtim —J<«w Ltcki*.
K tnnehuuk — Kdward E. Bourne, John
CoMvr, David II. ltickcr, K. K, Bourne, Jr.,1
Sot!i K. Bryant.
Kitfory — M. P. Wontwoitb, Charlaa
S,una in, John II. IlaVy, JoN. (<unniaoD,
Oliv »r Catts, Lewi* llajrca.
Le!*non — Fnilcrick A. Wodd» J. 8. j
Parker, Oliver llanscom, John C. Lor J,
S. W. Jones, E. B. Ixird.
Limerick— James II. Fog*, Samuel B.
Philpot, Thomas P. PI««r, Benj. Sawtelle,'
Cotton Ban.
Limlngton — Josinh Manton.
Lyman — J x»-pli Emmons 3<i, Dimon
KoVrts, Bradford Cousins, John Robert*.
Nuwfield—Gamaliel E. Smith, Moses C.
Dunnells, Charles S. WliMier.
No. Berwick — J. G. Goodwin, John
Stevens, A.Schenck, JarnoiM. Horn, J sines
G. Page.
Parsonsficld — Ivory Fcnderson, James E.
Barnluim, William E. Moulton, Cjrrua K.
Moore, Joseph Wedgwood, Nathan B.
Cram.
Saco— Tracy llcwes, James M. Peering,
Rufus P. Tapley, William Perkins, Thonuu
Cutts, John 11. Gowen," Charles Hill, Seth
Scamuian, Geo. Pare her, David Libby, Wil
[ lLuu II. Ueering, P. Li Mir, Elijah Smith.
Sun ford— William Emory, Ichabod Frost,
■ A. L. Drown, W. L. Emery, I. S. Kimball,
| L. Butler.
Sluipleigh— Thomas Low, Charles Co
i uant, J. D. Cook.
Wnterborough— John B. Roberts, Isaac
Deering, John T. Scribncr, Samuel Roberts.
York — Joseph Wearo Jr., Charles D.
, Mathers.
Charles Hill Esq., from Committee 011
: permanent Organization, reported for per
manent Officer* of the Convention :
For President.
Edwabi> E. Bocrxi K«].,of Ksnnobunk.
IVce President!.
Isaac Deoring, of Wutorborough.
Gamaliel K Smith, of Xewficld.
Charles Stimson, of York.
Archibald Smith, of Alfred.
Luther Coding, of Actoo.
Secretaries.
Charles E. Weld, of Buxton.
Daniel Stimson, of Biddeford.
The report was unanimously accepted.
On motion of John II. Goodenow Esq. of
Alfred, the following gentleman were chosen
a Committee on Resolutions :
John II. Qoodenow, of Alfred.
IncfMM S. Kimball, of Sanford.
Ceorge II. Adam^, of Biddeford.
J. 0. Goodwin, of North Berwick.
Josiali Mar* ton, of I.imington.
On motijn, to proooed to choose by bal
lot, three candidate!, one from etch District
to he supported for Senator* ut the ensuing
olsctiuq.
Voted that Committees of threo bo ftp*
p mi ted by tho President to receive, sort
nnd count tho votos for Senators, for tho
several Districts. Aud the following gen
tleinea were selected.
li/ District—J. II. C.Kjdenow, of Alfred,
Mcr«hs!) Pierce, of Biddeford, Ivory Nutc,
of X. Berwick.
'2d District—L. Andrew*, of Jiiddcford,
Je.-> < Ltcko of Dayton, nnd Francis Bacon
| of Buxton.
oJ District—John Cobby of K^nnebunk,
F. A. Wood, of Lebanon, Charles I). Math
ers of y»»rk.
The Commits »uU yjentlv nnnounc.x],
through their chairmen tho result of ballot
ing as follows:
If/ District — Whole No. of Votes 73
Xecossary fwl <} cbpico 37
Nathan Dane lmd * 55
John Garland, If
'Id District — Whole No. of Votes 74
j Nepewary lor a cboico 38
Soth Scauiuiic 73
Samuel F. Chase 1
3d District Whole No. of Votes 63
Necessary for a choice 35
Siuiuol W. cones 58
John R. Haley 10
Nathan Dane, of Alfred,
Setii Scamuan, of Saco,
SAnriL W. Jove*, of L.-banon, were de
clare! duly nominated.
Tho nomination for Senators was then
undo unanimous by acclamation.
On motion, voted to proee.nl to tho choice
ofcamlulated fir County OScjrs, nnd the
following gentlemen were duly chosen by
ballot, nnd tho several nominations made
unanimous by acclamation :
Judge of I'rohaie.
Edward E. Bourne of Konnabank.
Riffister of Prolate.
Franco Bacon, of Boston.
Co. Commitshner.
Jam* M. Peering, ol Sico.
Ci». Treasurer.
John llraokett 2d, of P*rson*field.
On motion of I. »onard Andrew# Esq., of
Bidd.-fjrd, Nathaniel G. Marshall, of York,
was unanimously nominated for Sheriff, by
acc'auiation.
John II. Good'now E*q., from tho* Com
mittee on Resolutions, reported a» follows:
The Republic ins of York County, in con
vention assembled, declaring their unfalter
ing devotion to tho Constitution of the
country, and adopting as their watchword
that immortal MOtimrat of the immortal
Webster," Liberty and Union, now and
for»ver, ono and insepnrabTe," do
Rtso!re, in the Lingua of tho Democrat- j
ic Legislature of 1S48, ichirh fiat dieted Ilari'
mkal Hamlin to the U. S. Senate, •• That tho
sentiment of this Stato is profound, sincere
and almost univtvsal, that tho influence of
Slavery upon prodiictiya energy, is liko the
blight of mildew; that it ji debasing and de
grading in its inllusnw upon freo labor ;
that it is a moral and social evil; tlut it'
doc* TiotcoA to the rights of man asa ration
al, thinking and accountable kting. Influ
enc> d by these and other important cousid-1
erationo, tJiisStatp will firmly opposo the!
introduction of Slavery iptQ any Territory."'
Besotted, in tho langtmgo of tho s-ime'
Legislature, " That it u tho duty of Con-1
•jtcm to prevent, by tho exerciso of all Con
stitutional power, the extension of Slavery
into territories of the United States now
freo.''
R'toivrd, That theariu \! inra«IonofKa»
* is bjr marauder* from Missouri ; th<* atro.
cioiu outrage* committed there br the
knowl.tigo, »auction and procurement of the
jiwnf national administration, tho adoption
j Sj tlio DemiKTatle part/ in C'onjrcai of the
'♦« Mendacious, brutal and eowardljr assault I
on S-nator Sumner, bj their refusal to pun
i«h tlw criminal, are but tho natnral ks
quencw of tho tligrant violation of good
fuilii, inrslmJ in tho ivjval of the Miwouri
Compromise.
Rrsolrrd, Tint wo are in faror of Irtxrtr
of »|H>Th and of th' pMs — and all attempt*
to ititj" or reprvm tho on? or tho other, I
whether at Washington or in K insw, wheth-1
•t hv tho bludgeon or !>/ trrnnniatal and'
uncon.«titutl?>naI law*, wo will reai»t with all
th« power that 0 J ha* girrn us, at all hai
wd« and to tho last eitremltjr.
R:M'vtJ, T at, bulijrin^ Slater/ to boj
U unmitigated oarw to th^ yeoplo of any
State, in which U ttintf, regarding the ter
ritories as tho common property of the U,
States. bold in trust by os Tor our brcthrro,
our children and <nlr efctldam's children fbr
a thousand generations— seeing that upon |
the original moulding and shaping of the'
domestic institutions of thine territories, the j
character and condition or a vaat multitude
or tho human family, in all tltno to coino,
are to depend — contrasting the progrua* in
the arta, the acicnccs, in literature, in pro
ductive energy, in material wealth, and in
all that gives dignity and glory to a Com
monwealth, of tho Free States, with that of
, the Slave State*, and tracing this immense
difference, as we do, to the paralizing, dnad
i ly influence of African Slavery, we deem it
tho imperative duty of every American fnxv
man, to hit country, to humanity and to
God, to put forth his every Constitutional
effort to exclude that diro institution from
every foot of our common domain.
Hfsolvul, That wliIU many wrong* and I
enormities have been justified in different
ngi« of the world, by tho highwayman's
plea, that " might iftakc* right," embodied
in tho 44 Ostend Circular," it wns reserved i
Tor James Buchanan, in the middle of the
nineteenth century, boldly and udblushing
ly to proclaim that infamous doctrine to tho
world, as a principlo of action of the Amer
ican government.
Rcsohrd, That under the present admin
i intmtion of the general government, a coum
j of measure* h is been adopted and puwuod
, disastrous to the lust interests of the o.>un«
try, threatening the accumulation of still
greater evils, utterly hostile to tho true
spirit of the Constitution, and to the prin
ciples of civil liberty, and calling upon all
; men of honest purposo, disinterested putri*
otisy unbiased intelligence to put forth
thcirrltmost Constitutional efforts in order
i to effect a change.
Jifsolotd, Tlmt wo give our cordial nnU
unqualified assent to the noblo declaration
of |>rinoiplos put forth by the Republican
Convention nt Philadelphia, Juno 17th, re
garding it at this time, in tho language of
Col. Fremont, an n second Declaration of
Independence.
llrtolctd, That we will giro our hoarty,
united and effiei supentport to John C. Fre
mont, of Cul., for President, and to William
L. .-ay ton, of New Jersey, for Vice Presi
, dent, believing them eminently fitted to
, adorn tho positions far chjch their names
have been presented to tho American people,
and to l>o men rained up by Providence, to
, rescue our beloved country from the danger*
which threaten it. « # |
Hrtolrrd, That in Hantiilial Iiamlin, we I
present to the people of thin State a man,
for whom they may well l»e proud to cant
their vot v An early, constant, imwaver- ■
iug friend of Freedom, of the mural welfare
and material interest* of the State, when re
quired to bow down and worship the Demon
( of Slavery, lie nobly throw oO' tlie shackle*)
i of jwrty, remenjlwring God made him- a
man, lx>fore ho inado hi.n a partisan.
For this patriotic act, bo deserve and will
receive the approbation of nil meil, WCept
thcie who sulmtituto party for country, who
seek no ends but puny cuds, no approbation
but paity approbition, and fear no reproach
or contumely, so that there bo no party did
satisfaction.
t Wfio/w/, That the courso of tho Hon.
John M. Wood, our Representative in Con
grew, meets our entire approbation, and,
Mi.ring him to be an able, faithful nnd ef
ficient public servant, we will uso all fair
and honorable means to tcouro his re-elec
tion.
ltrsolrrd, That we have entire confidcnoe
; in tho integrity, capacity, and fidelity to the
j Constitution of tho men this d ly nominated
foa Senator*, Judge and Register nf Probate,
i Slierifi', Treasurer and Commissioner and
wo hereby unanimously recommend them
to tho citizens of the County, for the ofTiee*
for which they have oeen respectively named.
1 j Tho report was accepted, and tho Ilwolu
tions unanimously adopted.
The following gentlemen were chosen a
County Committeo for tho year ensuing, viz :
Charles Hill, of Suco,
Dunon Rolierts, of Lyman,
James Morton, of Huston,
(juiiiiiliel E. Smith, of Xowfleld,
Nathaniel (i. Marshall, of York,
'William Trofton, of Alfrod,
Josiuh Mars ton, of Limington,
Tho Convention was then biiofly addressed
by M *rs. Stivens, of X. Berwick, and L.
Andrews, of Hiddeford.
After the usual voto of tlmnks to the offi
cers, tho Convention adjourned.
EDWARD E. BOURNE, President.
C. E. Wkld ) c .
Daniel Stivmr } StcrHarus.
jy Tlio Boston Daily Journal of tbo 22
,' in»t., publishes the following letter, which
will b> read with interest by our readers in
this eitv nnd vicinity. Aside from tho cur
iosity which it will excite, from the fact
that it purports to lw written from Saco, it
, will attract attention hy its vigirous and
pitly answer to the assumptions and false
logic of Mr. Choato's letter. Wo huvo no
knowledge of the writer's name, though
there are several gentlemen who wore form
cry whigj, living inSaeo.wlo e lcenn *san !
penetration, as well as ability, as writers,
hate enabled them to penetrate tho sophistn
by which straight whigc Qre(]eluded into the
supjiort of n jurty who assert principles on
t!i.» slavery quMtbn, diocimtrically oppo
site to the«c which had the sanction of th«
; whig party when it existed as a political or
ganization.
ij Hcply to the Letter of Hr. Choate to
the Whigs ot T.lalne, ly an Old Whig.
Saco, Mtixr, August 10, 1856.
lion. Rent Cuoatk,—Sir—I am,or rath
er with moru truth should say I always liar* I
boon, a Whig. My ourlicat jinxlilcctions in
politic* wcr» in favor of the principle* ad
| vocuted by the Whig party. Mom than
, that, I liavo always lxwn a Conservative.—
; It s*om* to im, then, tliat any Whig wh<
ha* from enrly uuuhood, loved, cherulicri
•ind supported that party us I have, will
* rnidilv, and witliout more word*, compiv
i lu'mi iny former position, and will eytnputh*
u » wjtb mo /a toy feelings at th« prosoni
I orwii. 1 have fait, with regard to tho Wbiji
party, muoh ai an afTctionato aon who hav
through hi* childhood, youth, and growing
I mmliood, looked up to a doir father foi
aid, support and countel, and who sudden
ly *.«•"* hint sink into the arm* of death.—
He will not believe he i* d vid. He speak
fcj him, calls upon him to answer, feels hi
pu $j. hot <U a uluj to his lifM, and asm eV
urv trnuns to deteut some routains of tlie vi
tal principle; but all in rain. All thai
constituted the vision of his life is gone.
Well, sir, 1 and nnny another have Boer
tho Whig jwrty become sadd'nlv extinct
I iui«i sent all it* eijjj <uu di*4»Wcd, anH
all its functions suspended. I bavo seen al
the gva.it issues, which held it together a
a jurty, die out and disappear. All thoa. ,
i»urtt weru ufi t^ai|iur»lt roonumiaal, wri1
p~i li.-.il <!.»r.irtw. and nmr, cxoept in
•Duo minor fetuib, militate again* thga<
|de«'iM>r principled which (iv4 lite, strength
ami stability U> the government olthUgwut!
nation. I truMl then that ican
< tribute it to a conjunction of good mnwc and
I reason, th.it I perceived that I, as one of
, tho juriielea composing a great bod/, had
I returned to « «tat«» of nature, readj, how
: ever, to enter into lumo new Bodr, wlienovur
the afTtir* of that nation slionld call fur it*
loonttructioQ.
l'n»y, what greater ana more convincing
pr . >f could a son have of tbs death of a
Father, than to e*o a number or doctors at>-:
p'ying n gulvanic battery to his limbs? Ilo
would mm lhss» mom oonrulsireiy Tor tt |
wlnlc, anil during (ho contact. Hut lie
would soon sco thcin sink, if possible, into
t mon> senseless state than before. Hut
how most not this shock him ! Suppose,
then, nftcr this shocking exhibition, the
doctor* should atill tell linn that all that
was necessary in order to restore life fullj,
wns to attaofi tho bcxl v to the body of sorao
otlier man, and that other man a life-long ■
foo and bitter enemy, diametrically opposed ,
to him in every principle of thought and no-.
tion. and that ho, tho son, nnd hi* mourn*
Ing brothers, might then follow him and 1
look to hiin still for adrioe and counsel.
Well, sir, I have experienced tlio shock,
and all tho oth.-r imaginable sensations of
such n son, when as a Whig (if to ho a
Whig one must assist in such an unnatural
and detestable marriage, thank (»od I am
no longer ono)—you advise mo to " unite
with ?<•»» other organixationand finally,
by stating what yot* mean to do, although
you do not oponly aay so, intimate that or
ganixation to he tho so-called Democratio
party. "It is the tale dutv of Whigs to
unite with soino oiganlzation of their coun
trymen, to defeat and dissolve tho new yto~
graphical party calling itself Republican "!!
As a reason 'or this you assume that the ob
ject ami d.wign of that {Dirty is to crento
sectional hatred, the result of which will
he the dissolution of the Union. In sup
port of your opinion you Indulge In a Tery
oeautifiil display of rhetoric, which, how
ever, if I may judge of its eff«cts upon other
Whigs, from its effects upon me, was only
wasted. Froin what I can gather by ming.
liii^ with the world, the men of tho present
time* s«uk for solid argument, clothed with
plain langunge, qqd Iqsed upon truth and
right. I am inolinod to think that there is
much of tho ••ecstacy of madnMB" in that
vory rbotoric.
The ouooce or (lie argument mm lo do i
this : One 44halfof America*' lias boon gov*,
erned always l»v tliu other hair. IT they do
not submit quietly, tt Is tho "ecstacy of
madnora " Ono grwit element in tho gov- '
erning power l^u* Iteen and Mill in human i
slavery. In proportion ns free labor has in
creasiil mid surrounded itself with prosperi
ty and nil its natural and glorious results,
uist in tho Kitn# proportion lias this govern
ing powor grown winker. The grout elo- '
inent then niust l>o strengthened and ex
tended. Reason, Justice, humanity, aqd all
the lx*t Interests of both hat in of Anirrica, '
unite in frying th it slavery itself is an
atiocious wrong, and u bluck stain upon
civilization. Froo labor says •
'• Let slavery stay whero it is. It cannot
bn meddtal with. But when it seeks to
spread itself, then I say it shall g*> no fur
ther." Tho freemen of the Northern 44 half
of America" constitute the Republican par
ty. This party distinctly says,44 wo do not
seek to interfere with rlavery whero it ex
ists, but we will prevent its extension," and
this 41 puts the wild yatcn. in all uproar."
L'his is tho VccrUjct of madness." It sienjs
to ino that your whole argument is, tliqt if,
••this new geographical party "shouldcorn®
into power, the Inion will l>o dissolved.—
That is, if tho South cannot govern, they
—in—what?—secede? That is not the
correct term. Withdraw ? V,,t CJrrwt Jet»,
and you, sir, know perfectly well, and bet
ter titan most men, what tho corral term
is. If you do not, I can tell you. They
will rtbtl againtt theyovrrnmrnt. Thero is
uo such tiling us secc&don. And I am in
clined to think thiit tho government will 1m
•trong enough to take caro of rebels. If I
wished to Ik> verv siren*tic towards you, in
views of the iMjnStions you Imve assumed in
your letter, i should not accubo you of not
having read nnd understood tho present
crisis, but rather of having read anil under•
stood it. It would be u much severer sar
ea m to say that you completely nnd per
fectly appreciated tho full Ixxiring and ten
lancr of tho Cincinnati platform, than that
you did not.
Now Mir. looking at your lormiT position,
j and remembering your eloquent expiration*
if hostility to tho encroachment* of the
slave power;—your determination " to die
<ooner t!mn *>o slaverv extended over an
inch of our territorie* ;r' believing that jou
have a full and clear knowledge of tho true
condition of tho South, and its ability to
sustain itself out of tho Union considering
til those long cherished principle* of tho
Whig party, nnd tho wide nnd fathomless
Gulf Iwtwix them, nnd tho doctrine* taught
by tho old Democratic party, and now re
asserted with u.agnified enormity in tho
Cincinnati platform, il altogether tran*
sound* my com prolieusion to discover haw
you can uuvo brought vournelf to givo in
your adhession to it, or now you oan advine
tho supposed Whig party that it i* its duty
only duty—to do likewise.
1 my supposra Whig party. Yoii can no
more » pea it of a psyty without a platform
of principle* and measure# than you can in
a church without a creed. There i* no
Whig |«rty anywhere—especially none in
.Maine. Two years ago it prost tuted itself
to tho Democratic |«rtv, no douht with
shanio and confusion of face; nnd now its
leader* sock, and yon ndvi*o accordingly—
the spirit of your letter being well under
stood by them l>eforc it was written—to get
rid of the disgrace nnd infamy by actual
narriage- The leader* of n party nro like
the generals and other officer* of an arm j.1
I'ne imiMUH •' tho tried legions " as you aro
iiL'ascd to c.ill them, aro like the army.—
I'ray now, what kind of figuro would tho
^oneraU and their subordinates make, rid
ing and prancing>«pjn a plain, giving or*
lent to march, countermarch, deploy, and
hangc front, when the army itself had ta
ten it into its head to disband, and had ao- ,
tually djne *o 1 That is tho nreciso posi
'.inn of the leaden of tho Whig |»arty in
Maine. They turned traitor* to their prin i
ci|tlc« nnd went over to tho enemy, and now I
Jiey may talk ami intrigue as much as they
f»!e.i«ot but tho martes wilt no longer 4isten
to thein. The maj »nty of them are Repulv
.icans.nnd like mys-If, sco plainly they do
iot violate or fepudjato any of their old
principle* by being no. Wo lard been guid
ed in thU by our own intelligence an<l 8«nsj
if riflht, and have never b.«en 41 eonrtod by
my sophism " until we rt*d your letter.
•• (^uos Deua vult perdoau. \fcc. " Whom
God w»ul l dastroy be first makes mud.''—
Krcr sinco the formation of the government,
ho South lius held almost undisputed sway,
[t ha* with one or two exceptions, selected
ila own Presidents, and lias djcUtod |he
(wliey of tho nation. It w u never opposed
iv tho north nntll it Bought to ex'end
♦favery. It commenced that work in 1820,
.ml liua now boon atcudily advancing in it
for thirty-*!* yeaw. And now, when a
;rrat party ariees to check it and bring it*
ncroachments to a limit, wo are told that
.1 that party come* Into power, the South
jrill rtbel—(1 inaut upon it thoro is no such
.(ling a* secjuion, and Andrew Jackson as
wrtod the aime in thh c.f*o of South JL'aro
ma) —and the N irth will organiso on anti
la very, and will have for its constitution
.haglittering and toumfmg grnrrali/ttt of,
tatural ri^ht which make up the DecJara'
•ion of Indejxnlanrr And we aro told
his too by a Northern man ! A man too in
iI.k*uehus.'U*! What then, must every
'•ins K'vo l,':MM t(> t>,'< power of slavery?
tliall t!>« m.mt ch.-rU'ood principle of our
lational freedom b > inucrol t»t in the very
mdle of liberty, without arousing a storm
.findignation? I cannot concieve that a
uan am voluuUrily make himself mad. I
uustthoreforo bclisvu that God makes him
' i in orJer that be may not be wabble of
•U fallen state. It *<oms to m« that the
oty eonoeption of such a snoor, was the
rery " eoseaey of madosss," and that pj
litical tlcmCh uiwt noM&uriljr bo tho fats of
iu nutlmr.
* ; Ax Old Wioo.
WaSicil'Jfcetingt. V S
Tli« meeting* arranged to he oddremcd bjr
lion. K. M. Thurston of Kannas, nre being
well attended. On Monday evening ho ad
*lnn«d some fire or «u hundred poople in
Kenncbunkpurt. Tho meeting was held in
the Fremont Club room, but not half of the
r«ople could get into tho room, and a stand
was erected in the doorw&y, and Mr.Thun
. ton addressed the people whu filled thc«lr«ut
i in front of the club room a* well u thooo
! inside.
On Tuesday afternoon a grand meeting
attended by several hurvlrwls was held In a
spacious turn owned by Mr. MeCullen, who
has a fine farin on tbo sldo of" Bonny Big"
in North Berwick. A lirgo number weru
promt, and we hav.> never seen tho people
so attentive. Mr. Thurston spoko some two
hours giving a close, oonnecUxl narmtivo of
things, us they have occurred in Kansas,
and stating his inab lity to support longer
tho Democracy, and theadininstration which
had not served to protect the people of Iuin
ms, and which had used all iu power to
mako Kansas a slave State, The meeting
wns also addrcevd by L. 0. Cowan, urging
upon all who designed to vote for Fremont
in* November, to give their hearty support
to tho Republican caudidatc for Governor
and State officers in September.
On Tin-why evening, tho people of old
Berwick who had oMemblod in good n um
bers, were addroMed by Mr. Thurston and
Mr. Cowan, in the church near Oliver Hill's,
nhout two or three miles from Groat Fall*.
Mr. Thurston spoke aguin at Lebanon
Wednesday afternoon, and at Springvole in
the evening.
Mr. T. has a calm, yot forcible way of
narrating the facta connected with the
trouble* in Kansas, which chains tho atten
tion of hit hearers, and which cannot fail of
producing tho happiest results. His long
residence in tho territory coupled with tho
fact that ho went tj Kansas a supporter of
the adi linutration of I'iercj, for whom
he voted, and expecting t> sei tho Iwast
ed popular sovereignty of tho Kansas bill
carried out, mako his statements of peculiar
value, and we are glad to say that besides(
Republicans many who were but year old j
lino democrats, listen 11 him and seem de
sirous of learning from him tho true state of!
things in Kansas. No fair man can listen |
to his candid narration of tho facts connect-.
ihI with tho troubl e in Kansas, without be-1
ing satioficd that the only and sole object of
repealing the Miuouri Compromise was to J
spread slavery into free territory,and tliat'it
will bo so extended if tho South triumphs in |
the election of Mr. Iluchanan.
On Saturday ufternoon Aug. 30, Mr.
Thur-ton will speak at Alfred, and in the
eyening it is proposed that a meeting be
bold at Lyman, (Goodwin Mills) at 7 o'clock
lit which ho will bo present.
Those of our friends in this place who
wish to hoar Mr. T. must go to tho meeting
at Lyman, us bis labors, wo prasumo, clone
, in this part of the State this week. Wo un
derstand that many will go tip to hear biin.
Our friends iu Lyman must provide a place
1 fgr tho rjieeting, ftnd bo roady to roccito a
largo delegation from this city on tho occa
sion.
Congressional Caucus and Convention.
JOSIAH S. LITTLE, tho
Buchanan Candidato.
THE GREAT DEMOCRATIC PARTY
IN YORK AM) CUMBERLAND,
Reposing in the bosom of
STRAIGHT WHIQGERY.
THE UNION SAFE.
Hon. Josiaii S. Little has been nomina
t Uxl by union of tho Straight Whigs and
Democrats for Congress in thin District,ami
wo suppose now •• tho Union is sufo," tliut
nt least, it won't split to piecc* again until
ufter tho eighth tiny of September, when .Mr.
L. will bo braten soundly in the district by
tho Republican candidate. Our readers un
aware that thoro were two Conventions held
in our City last Wednesday—ono so called
Democratic, and tho othern kind of mongrul
non-dcscript aflair, called strait whig. Ti.c
lirht of theew Conventions assembled in Cen
tral Hull, und there appeared our old friend
Moses McDonald again, his face shinning
with exultant glance* of triumph that, Ik
i who was spit upon, had tho cold shouldci
turned to hiin only tsfo years ago, and
was not ullowed by tho Democracy to defend
himself or explain his traitorous act in vot
ing for tho repeal of tho Missouri Compro
mise, was thero. He was there, fresh from
his Custoin-offico Commissionship, with bi>
$8 per diem attached, tho reward of hi*
patrol tisin in voting tho repeal of tho Mist
ouri Compromise as eager as ever that Slave
ry shall polluto tho virgin soil of Kansas—
there, with a gleam of triumph in his oyc,
and a self-satisfied look that the party had
come to him and were now rcadr to protti
tuto itself, ns ho Imd done, ,to the lwhests of
Slavery. This was indeed bis day of tri
umph.
' ] And there was that veteran office holdei
1 who has hung hko A houso leech upou th«
Treasury of the nation fur Uio past thirtr
years—and thero was hi.n son, the Clerk ol
. the Courts, constituting the Malntiro fami
ly, who seem to tlilnk the offices belong U<
I them by proscription; and thero wa»
Pierce's District Attorney, Goo. W. Shep
; lojr; Pierce's Weigher and Ginger, and u
hoot of other officials, from tho Custom
Houoes, together with Applctoa of tho Ar
gus, a psper which draws iu lifo blood
through a pipo attached to tho Treasury ot
the United States. There, asscmblad in thi»
Hall, all inspired with tho gnatest duvotioi
to tho Union, and burning with tho fires o<
patriotism which are so inseparably connect
| ed with thetr offijes, were Piarco office bold
en, not forgetting tho Custom llouso officei
| of Saco, Kennebunk, and wo belicro "all
'long shore." And there was Emery, tlx
Sheriff and his deputies; Timo. Sh»w, tb
Register of Deeds, and tho whole pout o
State as well as nation's office holders, read}
to do and suffer for tho gruat and gloricur
causa of the S!iam Democracy.
And suffer t-wy did. Wo saw the holo lit
which tho Democracy went down, and ho*
and when and by whom it was inado. Tha>
little knot of strait whig*, consisting of Dr
March of Biddeford, William Noyce of Saco,
Samuel Thompson of Sanford, and Man
Staples of [.iinitrick, with PorUr of Konne
bunk, and Erans of Portland, with per hap
thirty more, man of straw, assembled in
I'iuna* 11*11, fwmh»aU<d J.wiak 8- LiUW,
; tent a Coomittao of vonferenc« to the oftca
holder* Convention la Central IUlI, and af
ter dtumonuoToriag, and the exa^Reof&«
•truU?pj of AJjjiteton, McDonald, and litur
malictoui figuring of our old friend F<oLio<l,
the democratic convention concurt in tho
nomination of Mr. Little.
Tlio tiling was managed adroitly. The
quustion now is this, whether tho office hold
nv-or in other word* whether strait whig
gry absorb*! the Sliam Doinocracy or th«
Sham IMnocracy, Strait Whlgjfry. ' We
uw the whole opcnUiou, and the maU curi
ous eight of tlio whole was to wo our old
friend Goo. Krans, whoso haul m silvered
over with age, and whoso reputation has
damaged by tho attacks of tho men with
whom ho is now acting, marching into Cen
trjl Hall, he at the head or tho column, Ly
man, of Portland in tho centre, and Deputy
Sheriff Tarbox of this city, who sometimes
works in a strait whig liarnc*s, then again
in a Democratic one, bringing up the rear,
and after listening to tho chcvrs of men who
havo all their lire* long, until within a few
months befooled Mr. Evans with their ribald
jesting about |iecciidillocs with 'ladies fair,'
and then broader statement* of duhonost
official action of allowing Gardinor Claims,
informing them in blandest tones that "we
were all togother now." tho Union must be
saved, and Storcr Little the man who said
in 1840 •• that the furthrr encroachments oj
the Slave power mutt be resitted" was the
man from the jlrst Congressional District,
who eating bis own words " would savo the
Union," and imploring in dulcet tones the
ofUcc holders to take him. Wo felt some
thing near to pity for Eran*, when wo taw
him in such company, but bo actod his part
well, all went smooth while tho marring"
ccrimnnio were being performed. Little
went on to the pUtform, and pledging him
self, body, soul and boots to Iiordcr Raffl.i»
isin and to vote for iu platform, James Bu
chanan, now stand* before the pcoplo of the
first Congressional District, tho Strait Whig,
Border Ruffian, Buchanan ,Sham Democratic
candidate for Congress.
We n»turn our thanks to the office holders
Contention, and the Strait whig caucus for
tliiif result of tlicir labors. Llttlo Is tlio tuan
ubovo nil others they should liavo taken as a
candidate. IIo was always good fur the can
didacy, but very l»d for a toality. Some
how or other the people would not vote for
him before, nnd they will not now. Yet he
is just tho man tho two conventions should
iuive taken. He represents most faithfully
iu his own person tho real idea upon which
the Buchanan party Is founded. He em
body* In his own psrs.m the aristocracy of
wealth, of offlcal plunder, nnd tho oligarchy
of slavery the aristocratic spirit of the oli
garchy of the Slavj power of tho South and
tho Dough-fucoism of tho Sham Democracy
of the North. With the pooplo—tho Do
mocracy—his heart can never I Kit In uni
son. He inny try to do the atniablo with
tho people, but a b":ir d incing a minuet,
would do it mom g»nteely, than ho could
accommodato himself to tho generous idea*
of the tnames. With the industrious, hon
est, hard working mechanic*, nnd former*
of this District, or the intelligent merch
ants, ho has no sympathy or ran havo none,
and being thus destitute, ho is a most ap
propriato candidate for a party which go
in for having meoliunlos purchased, when
wanted and farmers to till for others the
soil, under tho lash of the oligarch overseor.
We say then tho nomination, considering
tin**? things was a suitable one, and wo re
turn our most hearty thank* to thoso who
mudo it. The district, safe Iwforofor "Lib
erty, Union and tho Constitution," In thu
election of John M. Wood, is rendered
doubly so, by this nomination.
On the lltli of July 18.10, this Mr. Lit
tle declared publicly his determination to
vote for Buchanan, and this declaration wo*
reiterated on the platform in Central Hall
l>eforo tho OflJco Holders Convention, on
Wednesday. We presume that sorno of tin
live hundred straight whigs who will voti
for hiin, Iwsides tho sham democracy, will
link support for him on tho grouud that li<
is a whig—for thero U no limit to tho brax
en cfTrontcry of sumo of tlieso whigs—but
tlio mask is ofT, and tho shameless apostate
who solicited abolition votes some yours ago
■tands exposed,and it therefore powcrluts for
mischief.
But wlmt ray tig Dmtcrito about tlii»
nomination ? Wo krjow whaf. some of tliciu
will say — aye, what ono did say openly in
the Convention : " that if the Democratic
parly had got to low as to surrender it self in
to the arms of the fire hundred Straight
Whigs in the District, it had Utter dtshand
at i»nff,"*nnil this key noto will ho sounded
in tho Distriet, and hundred* of Democrat*
will uot rote for the noininoo, eren to save
this union of Straight Whiggery and Sham
Democracy. We do not doubt, that mone)
will bo poured out liberally, and ihonomintv
has a good dual, and if he will not fork over
ill that is wanted, there'a tho people's pj|«
to go to. It will nor answer, however; the
(Moplo will take good coro to send somebody
fl*» to Congnns than Joaiah S. Little.
' >> c again congratulate our friends onthe
• assured safety of tha Union. It u safo now.
iud growing safer every day. It wu saved
some hundred of times iu our pUcoon Wed*
nesday ; Evanssaved it, Appletonsavod it;
little saved it; McDonald i«ved it, bcaido
Iiwmt luminaries. Indeed, over/ body saved
it on Wednesday, not excluding the Fremont
Speakers in Iioetliuvcn Hull in the evening,
and we hope now tliat the work is done, «v
:ry bod/ will breatho mora freely.
We luvo tbui bit off in tbi* random way,
the groat farce that was enacted here last
Wednesday. We were present a few mo
ments in tbo two meetings, and the proceed
mgs of both hare raised in us no other feel
ing, but mingled astonishment aad amuso
ment, that any men were so gram as to think
to deceive the intelligent electors of this
Congressional District, by audi a transpar
ent procee*, as was carried out bora, in the
domination of Mr. Littlo for Oongros.—
We do nut believe that the Buchanan poli
tician* were so green aa to tliink so. They
looked upon deieat as certain, and so think*
ing, tbey nominated Littlo by acclamation,
not even allowing the common delegatus in
tbo slum Democratic Convention, tooiprew
.heir preferences by a ballot. It i| acknowl
d{ing beforehand tbo probabilities of d*>,
ioat, and we accept it as such.
We ought to add before closing this, that
Wednesday was a grrut day hero. Besides
.ho labor dono in saving the Union, in tbo
.Hernoan.fien. S. J. Anderson, and Charlos
I/>vi Woodbury aaved the union in Central
tlull In tbo evening. \Vc (indcrstand that
they did tbo work entirely, at.d that it* die
Solution taay not bo ozpecUd until nut
Voretnber, ftrbea Fremont b to be elected,
tnd the Union (if endangered) la retlljr to
be
XAHSAS_HEWS.
Tlij Chicago Triton* hat 4 UtW fron *
gentleman at St. L>ui«, dated tho Irtth,
who ha« juet arrived at that placi (run
Ktiwi. 11J najt:
" 1 arrived hero this morning, and bu ten
to givt you toy eiperieaco of a trip dowa
the Mlaeaurt.
1 lul't Kureuwortb (Friday afternoon) ou
the 15th. Very little wai kmwn then of
tho difficulty at Franklin. Tha Pro-Slavery
men suppoeod that the Aholitioniau had been
routnd, ami wore content.
At Kaniaa City tho case was difleront.—
Some of the 'runaways had told the truth.
A large meeting wax called on Friday after
noon, tbo 15th, aad the citissna agreed to
eend their quota of 2000 men to uverooat
Katmx. Atchison and Striagfellow were
on the boat. The/ got off the boat at Kau
aaa City.
Next afternoon, the ICth, we reached
Lexington. There, too, the new* or the de
ft*! ol tha ruifiaus at Fmnklia was full and
accurate. On the 15tli, a large meeting
wa» held, and tho citiion* of Laxington re
ajlred tj a*nd thnr quota or uwn to eubduo
tiie Tree men of Kantia.
From St. Joseph to Jaflcraon City, mist
ing* were held and men raised.
No nocret is made of the design by the
ruffian*. Tuey eay they are ready, have
inen and money enough,"and will awoep
Kancu with fire and the award. Ther do
not talk of any thing but blood. They
twiar that they will kill the d—J Abali
linnietn, or drive them out of the Territory,
and are prepared to do ao. Look out then,
for a wild, murderous foraj. U*1 be with
the right!
Tho rulEana cry—War to the knife! I
Iuotoonc paragraph or the Leavenworth
ournal, to «how ttieir apirit:
" Lrt us be up un'I ditinj—lti ho quartrr
be gistn, but war to tux RXTKaMMUTiox or
rux MtH'RKaNTS, UK TUX WORD! ' "
Tho Kansas c irrespondent of the Y. Y.
Times, writing from Liwrenc* the l#th,
lus the following':
" Murder or Major IIott.—Within u
*hort tiuu the Free State men of Franklin
ind iu the neighborlwod of Washington
Creek, which is ton wiles south of this town
lure been held in terror by parties of Haf
ord's men, who have been harbored in ttieir
inidst. At Franklin Uium persona liave bom
:iarborcd by a Territorial Justice of thd
1'eace named Crane, who is uU) the P.wt
aiaatcr ut that paint. Crane bad command
if u party which numbered from tweniy
livo to fifty. lie had a cannon, i\nd r,\ii
well supplisd with U. S. muskets and nm«
munition by the Territorial authorities.—
llo li.nl a log house of commodious aise and
groat strength, which lie had barricaded
■fell an.I fortitkxl. At Washington Creek
(lie party numbers sixty, and are under the
command of Capt. Stunders, of tho Terri
torial Militia, fiiev have three log lu>u*e»,
which they have well lortifitd.
YoUt nlay iw M.tj »r lloyt, who had busi
ness in the noighliorhood of that creek, was
passing within three hundred yards of their
luildiogit, on horseback, Im wasslwt dead.
IIis Uxiy was fouud, with his pockets ritlud
if their contents. lioyt i* tb,e individual
rooi whom tho Sharp's rifles wtsre taken at
Lexington, eurly in the Spring. II ♦ was in
the Mexican war, and lud boon to Calitor*
nia. The experience which he Imd acquired
in those places, together with his industry,
>ru\ery and ability, make Ids loos a s-vers
me at*this trying moment to the Free State
i»arty.
Enraged by this act, tho Freu State men
let-mined to drive th<vo villains from their
midst.
8EOOMD BATTLK or rRtHKLItt.
I/iat night, a pirty of about sixty win*
blcd and marched to Franklin. Tbo night
»■« calm, aud the bright moonlight inoda it
l»-ar aivl Imautiful. Tho heavy dew on tho
ong prairie praiw mtdo tholr inarch any*
thing Imt ploaaunt. Arriving within a quar*
-or of a miloof Franklin, the coin pa >y was
'ml ted. A detachment of ten picked men,
mder command of Lieut, (i>*orgo Earli,
were sent down tho main street of the town,
to take a position opposite tho fortiflcatl.tn
1 if S<|uiro Crane, and attract the attention
if hi* men, in order that tho in tin Imdy of
Free State men, who were under tho irnuie
iiato charge of ('apt. Cracklin, might with*
•ut discovery take an ndvantagcaas position
m tho rear. Lieut. Ktrlo Unit took [<>*•
♦esaion of a atom occupied by some of the
Pro-Slavery forty. Inow men wertf driren
rom tho store and retreated to the log house,
rxirle then took a position on tho prairie,
immediately in front of tho log Iiouim, ami
within clovo rille shot of it. A per»jn was
then sunt to demand tho surrundcr of tho
log house, and the nrtn* and ammunition
obtained therein. They refused to aorren
ler. Firin< then comim-uccd between Katie's
party and those in tbo log houae. In tho
meaatiao Capt. Cracklin had furled hi*
company Into two diviolons, the second of
w i.oh h\? stationed immediately in tne rear
>f r e p'a *e to be attacked, and about forty
.arda Irjtn it, wbero they were somewhat
protected by a raiJ-feuoo. Time uien were
irdered to lie down aud await the action uf
Lieut. Hirl.t's party. Tim other dhijoii
**e stationed liehind a fence to the south*
•out of tlto hou«e, and about the sjmo dis*
fanoo from it, as the second division. Soon
tho fit ing commenced, Thusj in (lie block*
bout* fir d ut tho assailing purtios from port
holes nia In in its walls. The aswilatits nml
upon tho laillding, directing their aim by
the ilasli of their op|ton<*nts' rubs. Karle s
party directed tbeir lire at A window io tho
>uilging. Tho window waa small, and
tguinit it those Inaide had placed ljuttrib
es and feather beds, in order to protect them*
♦elves from tbo bullet* of Karle's iu.ni. This
iring lasted until trie's men had discbarg*
■d twenty-fire rounds, which, in the ha mis
of ex[«ricncod men with Sharp*'■ rillee.oan
Ito duno with some despatch. While the
•ring lasted, volley after rolley waa fired
rotn the W houae at tbo 1st and 2d di > ision*
if Capt. Cracklin 'a comjmny, who wen
«tation«l ai the rear and to the aoutbeaat of
J* building. The firing was returned with
rreat spirit. The bullets whistled over the
bunds of Iho rneu in showers— thuy struck
the rails of tho fence ju«t abore their bcuds
—th«y struck the ground in front of them,
throwing tho dirt into tho faces of the m n
uid ouoo in a while an unlucky shot would
woun 1 a wan. After firing their twenty
ive roun«la, Lieut. Mtrle ordered hi* men to
jousj their fire, ho finding tlwt they were
•uhjeeu-d to a useleM exposure: lis h*d
two men suvurely wounded, and one ■light
ly. Thesecoud division o( Oacklin's cum*
p.inv liad 009 man killed pamed Socket:, J
rn<m Michigan, and one woUnded. While
the Fit*tfOUe men suff-red thus somij, the
t'ro-Sluvery party, secure behind their en
trenchments. bad autLred no injur/. It wafl
bund that another plan must tw adopted in
•rder to succeed. The Free State men Iwd
no artillery, nor could they tmrrr the build
.ng Iiy assault. After eooaultaUoo, the fol
lowing plan was adopted : a wagon waa
load xl with hay, and drawn directly to tho
front of the Imildipg, adjoining tlu> log
House, and then art on fire. Those who
went with tha hay had to pas* up the street
id a very exposed situation. to thr building
ihoy designed burning, and there beaameex
posed to a galling fire from tb« roerar post
■I in an unfinished frame buildingodjoinlnf
iho bg-houae on tlje >sst, and connected
therewith. Thaaseond division ol Crush
Lin's company were ordered to aooompany
the wagon. It was a ^UoVlfih" placj for
those who Iwd never "smellod" earnest gun
|wwilcri4efore; but thor marchod bravely
up. As good luck would hare It, tlio moon,
now neurit d*»wn, was just shut in by a
cloud, thui farpring them with darkneai;
arid the fre from the first dlrWIon of Crack
lings company, tlicn pouted In the rear,
drew tlio attention of tha. Pro-tibvery awn •'
in the direction, gare "how with the bay
an opportunity to draw it where they in
tend «d, without disoorery. The hat was
nd; soon the forked fiamsa mm high, and
0

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