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LOUIS 0.
ETERNAL HOSTILITY TO EVERY FORM OF OPPRESSION OVER THE MIND OR BODY OF MAN."-J«rn«0!<
J A
COWAN, Editor and Proprietor. B1DDEF0RD, MAINE, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1856. '
VOLUME XII—NUMBER 39.
UNION AND ElSTEiOi JOURNAL
Th» UbIm M<i iMtera J'«nul It mt|
h»iT,U Nt. I.Cnrtral III «*, upp«tla Dm BhIUriWU
Umh. 1W>M-Uk« yt um, «r 91 M If paid 1*
littniMilt fruM U* uw W wiacnki* ». »u
Nfta * Mnu. 17 T. tt. Ciilan, IN* iarrfau >»•»
r«f Apul to l*a uuljr »aiu «iaa>l *<«ia k> uya |«p*»
iMrttm of Nrw tork, and rtui*>l*IH"a<
Ml II Jul/ MpMiml la lata adrarilarMMU auJ
MrtpUaaa U IW mm itM m M|tin4 bf »u tlU *•
«aa arm tl*w T*k, Tnfeaaa 1 <«'•*. *b«4
Uy'. HolMUf fkUmdttfhla. M. W. MuM fkinl aai
Marcus WATSON, Printer.
J5ortri|.
The Mid-Watch.
1 pace lb* de«k ,n lbe deed of night,
Wink lb* muua anJ lit* *UriigM fad;
Ami ibe cordage creeka tu tbe la«y •»»!!»,
Au«J heavily Hipa tbe Mil.
Ob Ibe darkneea glimmer* lb<» bmuicle U/uf>,
With feeble nnd lonely apel!.
No n>und Uil ibe pataing «etilrjr'» tramp.
Or hi* iuea*ure«l cry, ••All'* well."
To and fro with accu»loitied »tcj>,
I walk the nifht alone;
Ana 1 ibuU of tin* tbou*end watrhe* kept
la Iba jriw liMfVir down ,
Of Ibe friend* in wburnt ta«n^' follow*hip
I labored lung ago,
Till death relieved tbeir watch on earth,
And they went to ml below.
1 ttiink of the gallant one* who died
When our broed«idc*«boot; the M?a,
An.l *err»w for itiem «ut>dued ibe pride
Of war clieer* for victory ;
Of ttio«e wbo Mi in toe levered land*
Or »ank iu tbe whelming wa*e ;
Thoee corp««-4 »4«l« on I be J arrvn *anda,
Or Hunt in a f.tlioiulr** grave.
And the look* revive that were taint anil dim
lu the >hadow« of the year*.
And I acan ibein o'er till my eyelid* swiiu
Willi ■ atranae delight of trara ;
They people ih- dark wiih their palli 1 brow ,
Aa they »iieully throng mound,
And the aea ita pbu»phor radiance throw*,
Ou the face* of the drowned.
So many a noble heart i* cold,
That »bared my dutiee then,
1 have looked full ofl iu tb« Uco of ile^th,
But he comea lo belter men ;
And let him come in hi* ch >«*n time,
t) Mne friend will think of me.
And 1 »Uatl live in the lonely hour*
Of thi* inidiiigbt watch at aea.
UtjurJ Taylor.
•agricultural.
Fruit Cultura.
I'Rum rusiwxT ■bst'i adurbss at tiik
VUCTIN# or TUKOUI0 roMOLOCIl'AL SOCIfr
TT AT CLXYK1AND, WtTitT 8, 1856.
History of Pomology—Tho knowledge of
Pomology ia yet in ita infancy. It m.ty be
aaid that the acienco of it ia junt beginning
to bo understood. It ia true, writer* on it
tnay 1m) traced to a remote period ; it ia alan
true that not a few good varieties of fruit
have long been known and cultivated. But
it ia equally true that only within the prca
•nt century, can we date any conaidcrable
advancement towanla a scientific and »ya
teuutio improvement of the qualities of fruit
in general. No other period in the world
baa produced a Van Mona. To him more
than.anjr other are we indebted for the many
rich and luaciou* pcara tliat hare been giv
en to the world. It ia true, others have
done wull, but tbey were incited to follow,
rather than to lead ; but for doing even thia
they an entitled to our highest gratitude.1
The apple, plum and peach. have no ono to 1
point to aa their presiding geniua, but owe
thoir improvement* more to chance and ac
cidental cause*, than to acienoc. Thia to,
some extent, waa true of tbe cherry, until a
nohle son of our own Ohio gave the world
the rich result of a life devoted to ita scien
tific improvement. The atrawberry and the
raapberry have each contributed largely to
provo their capacity for improvement in the |
handa ofacienea. In tha grape, adapted to
outdoor culturo, but little ha been effected i
in the way of improvement, over nature V
rich * tore. The gotveharry and the current
have each rrciivud much attention, and in
the former .wonderful improvement baa been
mid*.
It is, however, not to bo disguised, that
while science has improved the quality of
many of our fruiU, especially the pur, the
tree is lew capable of enduring the viciau* j
tudea of climate, or rather in more subject to t
disease, and sudden death. Whether this
be a mmsary cons-^quenoo «»f the improve
ment in the quality of the fruit, or if it be
the result of misapplication of principle in
scientific practice, I must leave your better 1
judgement to decide. We must, however,;
not rest satisfied with wliat lus been done.
It is for us to follow on, and with the lights
before us, we shall have nudifficulty in find
ing our way to practical results, far beyond
the moat sanguineexpectation*. It is a field
io which all will find a most pleasing labor.j
Two Systran—Two prominent saystems
are practised, in the improvement of fruits,
(I should rather say the pear.) Each has
produced very satisfactory results. Ths
first, is tliat which the ever to ha remember
ed Van Mom practices, and should be call
ed his system, llis method, is to go boek
and plant the seed of a good natural fruit.
To select from their ptoduct such as bear
evidence by the leaf, wood ami general
growth, of tho susceptibility of an improve
ment in their fruit, to encourage their fruit
ing at as early a period as possible, by bud
ding, or grafting on older fruit-bimring trees
—to select from their first fruiting* the heet
specimens, those that are most fully develop*
ed, and phut the seed of these; then select
ing the must perfect ones for this purpose.
From tha product of these again select as
before, graft, or bud, and so continue the
process to an indefinite period ; each prac
tice improving on the fruit of the last. The
method has proved wonderfully successful
in the hands of its author. But it ia feared
that this lias been accomplished at the w
pense of the hardiness of the tree. It should
be borne ia mind that there is a close analo
gy be;ween vegetable and aaiaul life, and
their re-production. That the prvducUoo
I of fruit ia merely a part of theprocvMin tha
organisation uf a now U-ing, separate ant)
distinct fn>in real vitality, containing onlji
its j*vrtn in the eeed, which for iu e*i«teo*e
and final results, is a* es* -ntially the effscl
uf tbo union of two parent* at the genera
tion and birth of an ao im.il. If it be a fact
tliat a continual breeding between the n«ur
family connection* is animal life, tends to
disease and impair the active vital function*
is it not to bo presumed that tbo same re
sult* will follow from a continued in and in
i breeding of ono branch, (brother and aiater,
if you please,) of tbo aaiuo family, in the
: re-production of any variety of fruit tree*?
And <Jo«( it not furnish a aatisfactory aolu
tion for the frequent destruction of ourpcur
tre«e, by what i* termed the Are-blight ? I
augguai thia tbought for jour consideration.
IfyinJtziHio*—The other system of prac
I tiao is that of hybridiiatiou. The crossing
of different and remote connections of the
same specie*, by removing the stamens, or
I the male organ from the bloom of one vari
' ety, and fertilising, or impregnating tho
pistils, or femUo org ins, with th<» pollen of
, some other variety. This baa vsry appro
i priately been styled Knight's theory, in
| honor of the eminent English pomologiat,
and a horticulturist, who may be said to be
its author, (at least of so much as applies to
the p»ur ) This system, however, require*
the application of uure practical, scientific
skill, to ensure its succosa than tho other.
It is to it, however, in my judgement, that
we inuei look for the restoration of the
hardineee of the |>enr tree, to enablo it to rw
aistand successfully endure tho vicissitudes
of our climate. In it. we find tha element
of control, not only over tho quality of the
fruit, but of the hardinoa* of tho tree. We
select and bring in contact tin; parents,
whose qualities we wish to combine. For
instance, wo want to effect a ersa of the
SeiLrl, and throw the liue and cxccllent
qualities, and tlie hardinew of tho tree, in
to tho DariU.il, or tho Dunhtu <T Angou
I leme.
i To cflect this, the stamen (which contains
I the impregnating wleiuont, or principle,)
must be removed fruui the bloom of the r»
I riotj from which we wiah to chunge, iuime
diately uft< r it ha* expanded, and plac«d
upon the pistil of the variety which we de
sire to change. This operation is best «f
fit tcvl with a pair of finoly pointed scissor*.
The stamen* are distinguished from the
pistils, which are the femnlo organs, by the
length they riso above them. lu thisopera
tion, the blootn should bo held downward*,
to prevent the escapc of the pollen, and fall
ing on the pistils of the variety to be im
j r< gnatt-d. This elected, without delay,
' tin* pistil* of the variety to 1m» operated up
on, should at onco be fertilized with the
matured pollen of tho fullt expanded Seckel
bloom which, in this ease, is father of tiie
offspring, and we have g xxl reason to bc
lievo that its character will b? mii<<d, and
perhaps predominate over the mother.—
(Ireut care is n<xv*ury in the process of fer
tilization. that it b« not railed, by the agen
cy of insects, and tli.it the pollen of tho
stamen bo brought fully in contact with the
pistils. In the morning, before the insect*
have cututncnc«<d their work, o( carrying the
pollen from bloom Ut bloom, is the best time
to perform this operation. After it liar
been thu!*artitioully impregnated,thin gauze
should he placed AVer tho blootn, to prevent
insects from making a mixture; tho gauze
should be removed us soon as the fruit is set.
Fruits closely resembling each other in flavor
and character, should not be used, but rath
er those Jiff ring in some strong points.—
The seed of tho fruit which is produced front
this crossing, is our reliance for the new
and improved variety, or varieties.
Fall Plowing.
The advantage of full plowing may be
enumerated us follows
1. In autuiun, the team having boon in
ured to work through the summer, ia nu>n
vigorous and better prepared for labor than
in the spring, an J other farm work is lea.
prewing in ita demands upou the time and
the attention than in that bustling period.
I«t all the plowing be done which i* possi
ble in the Ml, and still the spring work
would give nbunda.t employment to the
farmer and hit teams, in druwiug manure, j
cross-plowing, cultivating, harrowing, Ac.
2. In the fall, low, moist lands arw gener
ally in better condition for plowing than in
apring time. We say generally, for this
season low, moist lands are dccidcdly moiat
at prewnt. Still, w« cannot hope ktr any
better state very early next ymr, and if'
plowed us they should be, wet lands wdl
aufl'er very little from water through the
winter.
3. Stiff, hmvy soils, plowed in autumn,
undergo, by the action of water and froat, a
more thorougli disintegration—viay> arv
pulverised and crumbled, and heavy loams
j and hard pan landa arc acted upon in a
| like manner and with like benefit.
4. Heavy, coarse awards, full of rank
| wevds and grouses, can be better subdued by
plowing in the fall—their mots are more
apt to die out, and far leas liable to sprout
I again when plowed in the apring. The turl
is better prv-paml, by ita mow advanced
' state of decay, for the us* or the crops
which may be eown or planted upon it.
5. Fall plowing di*turW the 'winter ar
rangements' of nuuieroua worms and inaccte,
and must destroy a larg* number of theae
peats and oho their eggs and lava?. This
ia a minor advantage, but oae worthy or
consideration, «*penally on lands lufosted
with the wire-worm.
The principal objoctions to iall plowing
are these:
1. The lose )f that fresh, friable condition,
readily penneable to air and m >istare, and
the consolidation of the soil by long expo
sure to changing and stormy weather. This,
on soils of a light character, is a very seri
ous objection to plowing in autumn.
2. The kat of vegetable matter and the
ga»* of the aame while in a state of dea\y,
m another disadvantage. The Utter ia but
■ a email Iom, if the work U done late in the
fall, but often, on hill sides, a large part of
the soluble and floating organic matter it
washed awaj by the heavy rains of wintci
and early spring time. The soil is alsc
consolidated by the name influences. Heavy
swards thus situated would sustain less in
jury than light swards or stubble lands.
The advantages and disadvantages of this
pructace may be appropriately followed by
brief directions for performing the work.
1. Do it in the best manner.
I 2. Throw up low lands in narrow bed*
and cut cross furrows and drains sufficient
to carry off at once all surface water. This
! will obviate one great objection to fall plow
ing.
3. Plow deep and narrow furrows—such
will best secure the action of the amelioru
tin* influence* of the frost upon tho soil. A
rough broken surface is better than a smooth
one lor this purpose.—Rural Sew-Yorker.
JUisrfllnnrona.
The Lady and the Bobbers.
In a charming Tillage, situated in a truly
romantic country, but a considerable dis
tunoo from tho high road, was Baron K. ae
customixl to s(x>nd th« summer. His man
sion built on an eminence, was perfectly
adapted to his fortune. It was a spacious
building, very elegant within and without,
and exhibited a good style ot architecture.—
And it was about two hundred paces from
th<» village.
Business obliged the Baron to taken jour
ney a few days. His wifo, who was but
twenty years of age, rery beautiful, remain
ed at home. He took with him two of his
servants, and two others were left with tho
Borono*. No violation of truo public secu
rity had ever been hoard of in that part of
the country ; and as the Baroness did not
belong to the timid portion of her sex, the
idea of danger was far from entering her
mind.
The evening after tho Huron's departure,
as alio was stepping into bed, she heard an
alarming noise in an apartment near her
cluuubw. She callod out hut received no
anawer. Tho confusion and screaming in
creased every moment. She waa nt a loss
to conceive what waa the matter, and hasti
ly putting on her garment*, went to the
door to discover the caso, a horribly specta
cle presented Her two fc>rrants, hulf
naked, wero extended lifeless on the floor.
Tho room was full of strango-looking men,
the Uaruntws' chamber maid was kneeling
before one of them, and instead of mercy aho
implored, ahe receivsd the fatal stroke. No
sooner did the door open than two herbari
um, with drawn aworda rushed toward* it.
What man or even woman would not have
been struck with utmost terror, nud givsn
up life and everything aa lost ! A loud
shriek of despair, a flight of a few paces,
would probably huve been the resort of
many. The Baroness, however, conducted
herself in a different manner.
"And you havo come at laat," exclaimed
she with a tone of hoartfslt joy, and advanc
ing towards her assailants, with a hast" that
highly astonished them, they lowered their
uplifted weapons.
"And you have come at last," repented
ahe, "such visitor* as you I have long wish
ed to see."
"Wished," muttered one of the assassins;
"what do you mean by that '.'—but stay.—
111
He lia«l already rnu**] hi" outlaw, but a I
comrade m»ru-d the stroke—"Stay * mo
ment, brother,'' said ho, "lot us first hoar
what she would have."
"Nothing but what is jour pleasure,
hrave comrade*. You aro man after mv
o*n liourt, and noithor you nor I shall ha to >
any reason to repsnt it, if you will listen !
for two minutes to what I have to say."
••Speak! speak!" cried the whole com
pany.
•'But bo quick,'' added on© of theflercost,
"for wftshall not make much ccremony."
•♦Nevertheless, I hope you may! you
(rant me * hearing. Know, that, although
1 uiu the wife ol the richest gentleman in
the country, yet tho wife of the iurnno*t
beggar cannot bo more unhappy than I am.
My husband is ono of tlie m<«t jealous and
niggardly fellows on tho earth. I hato him
as I hate tho ■ , and it has long been the •
fervent wish of my heart to get out of his
clutches, and at tho samo time pay off old
score. All my servants wen> spies, and that
fellow, whose business you have done so
completely, was the worst of all. I nm
scarcely twenty-one, and, 1 flatter myself,
far from being ugly. If any of you choose
to take you along with me, 1 II accompany
you to the woods or village ale-house. Nor
shall any of you r«;wut having spared my
life. You are in a well-stored mansion, but
it is impossible you should be acquainted
with all its sccret corners, then: I will now
show you, and, if I don't mike you richer
by $0000, then serve me as you have toy
chamber-maid."
Robbers or this kind are cvrtainly villains,
but, nevertheless, they are still men. The
wholly-unexpected tendency of tho Baron
ess, added to the more than ordinary beau
ty of the female—altogether prxluood a
powerful effect un men whose hands were I
yet rooking with blood. They all then step,
ped aside, and consulted together in a low
tone for some minute*. Tho lUroness was
left quite alono, but sh» betrayed not the
least wish to escape. "Let's despatch her,
And the gamo will bo all up." Site, bow
erar, scarcely changed color, for tho oppo
sition of the other did not esrapo ber acute
ear. One, who was pruliably the captain of
tho banditti, now advanced towards Iter.
lie askcl ber twioa or thrice whetbor he
might rvly on tho truth of what she said—
whether she actually wished to be releatod
from the tyranny of ber husband and go
with them—and whether sba waa ready to
resign herself to one of them, to hiiMelf for
instance, during the few peaceful days tboy
could njoy• Having replied in Um affirma
b tive to all those question*—having not onlj
f suffered the warm embrace of the robber,
• but returned it, (for what will not neceasitj
r excuse?) bo at length said—
9 Come along, then, and lead us round.—
f Tbo d trust jou ludiea of rank, but
. we'll renture for once. But let me tell jou
beforehand, that if jou were twieo as hand
s some a* jou are, this weapon should cleavo
j jour skull the moment we saw the least dis
position to betntj us."
"Then it will be safe enough—and if this
i were the onlj condition of inv being put to
t death, 1 would outlive jou all, and CTen the
> wandering Jew himself."
The Eironen smilod when sho pronounced
these words, and hastilj caught up the
i nearest lamp as though sho had been as
' anx ous as anj of them to collect the plun*1
dor and bo gone—conducted the whole oom
i pan j through crtrj a jar t men t, opened
everj door, everj drawer and ovarj chest,
agisted in ctnptjing ihcm and packing up ,
the valuables; looking with tho utmost in- \
difference over the mangled bodies; spoke |
with the fauiiliaritj of an old acquaintance 1
to each one of the borri I troop ; aud wil
linglj aided with her declicuto bands, in tho
most laborious occupation.
l'luto, money. jewels ana othor valuable*
were now •oll»>cted together, and tho cap
tuin of the banditti was giving tho order for
marching when his destined bride caught
him by tho arm. "Did I not toll you," said
she, "that you should not repent making a
friend of mo and sparing my life. You may
indeed have every thing in places you find
o|N>n; but it is a pity you cannot come at
treasures that are concealed. What, do you
suppose that among coder* so full, thoro are
no secret places? Look hero and then you
will bo convinced to tho contrary."
She pointed to a secret spring in the Bar
on's desk. They pressed upon it, and out
fell $1200.
"Zounds!" cried tho leader of the rob
bers, "now I see you are nn incomparable
woman. I will keep you for this us a duch
ess."
"And perhaps better still," she replied,
laughing, "when I tell you one thing more.
I am well aware that you must have spies
who informed you of the absence of my ty
rant—but they did not tall you of tho four
huudrcd guilders which ho received yester
day."
••Not u syllable; where ure they?"
"0, sa o enough! under half a dozen 1
locks utid bolts. You would certainly not i
have fouud them and tho iron chest, hud it i
not been for mo. Come along, comrades, |
we have finished above stain, now we'll soo
what's to bo dono underneath. Come along
with ino, 1 say, into the collur."
Tho robbers followed, but not without
prvcaution. At tho entranco of tho collur, |
provided witli a strong trap door, a mun
was ported as sentinel. Tho Baroness did
not take tho least notico of this.
She oonductad tho wholo troop to u vault
at tho farther extremity of the cellar. She
unlocked it, and in tho corner of this rjcess
stood tho cheat she had described. "Hero,"
•aid she, giving tho captain a bunch ot keys,
horo unlock it and take what you can find
as a wedding gift, if you can obtain tho con
sent of your comiuuions na readily as you
gained mino."
The rubber trlsd ono key after another,
but nono would fit. lie grew impatient
and the Ilaroncss seemed Mill mora do.
"Lend luo theiu." said she. "I shall find
the way sooner. Indeed, if you don't mnlce
haste, the morning may overtake us. II,i !
tho reason why neither of ui could unlock |
it is because 1 have tho wrong bunch of
keys. I'll soon obtain another.'*
She ran up staii«, and presently they I
heard her coming down; but she went
slowly a* if out ofbrouth with the haste she
had made.
"I've found thsm!" cried sho at a din*
tance. She was within altout three stops of
the man placed at tho entrance of the cellar,
when she made a spring at tho wretch, who
as. little expected tho dissolution of tho
world nt such an attack. A single push
with her strength stumbled him down stairs
from top to bottom. In a twinkling sh*'
closed tho trap door, Itoltod it, nnd thus had
the whole company sccursd in the cellar.—
This was the work ol a single moment. In
the next she flew across the court yard, and
with a candle set fire to a detached pig-sty.
Tho watchmen in the neighboring village,
perceiving the flames, instantly gavo the
alarm. In a few minutes tho inhabitant*
wer« out of their beds, and a crowd of farm
ers nnd thoir servants hastened to tho man
sion. Tho llaronees waited for them at tho
gate of tho court-yard. "A few of you will
bo sufficient to put out this firu and to pre
vent it from spreading, ll'it now provide
yourselves with arms which you will find in
abundance in my husbands's armory. Post
yourselves at tho avenue* of tho cellar, and
suffer not one of tho murderers and robber*
shut up in it to escape."
Her directions were obeyed, and not one
of them escaped tho punishment due his
crimes.
Xrw Maciiink. The Scientific American
has a picture uf a milking machine, l>y which
tho operation of milking oowj n rendered
much laoru easy than the old way. That
paper suggests an improvement, namely :
•'The attachment of a mimic box to be oper
ated t>j the main shaft, in such a way a*
to discuurso Rweet melody during the delir
erj of tho milk. Few animal* are insensible
to tho charm* of music, and eren insects an
Raid to lend a willing ear. Under its facin
ating intluence the old <*>w may bo expeCt
ed to stand perfectly still, while the flic*,
forgetting to bite, will buu around with
W"
^ Tbe Quebec Mercury states that there
are lifty-thra: lunatic iwgiues in the pn>»in»
cia asylum, whom their Southern owner*
brought to Canada and left there, to avoid
the expense of their support. The Mercury
thinks they should be lent back to their
masters.
ii
"Drive Your Own Cart"
DV AtUt'STA XOORK.
" You muat 'drive your own CArt,' ui,
child. I would drive it for you if I could
but that cannot be. Bj patient, be brave
be persevering, and you will get out on th
other aide of the ahodowa, before long."
So Mid tho beat friend orphan Harry hai
ever known, to him, when he cutno in die
1 oouruged one day, after having for tho twon
| tieth time, sought employment in vain.
Undo Lewis, aa Harry called tho kinc
man, whom house was all the homo ho eve;
knew, waa very poor, and now ho woa al*
illt ao that it became abaolutely neceajarj
for ILirry to leave achool, and aeek for worl
by which ho could do at leaat somothing to
wards earning thoir daily bread.
Ilia heart fainted within ilia lioiom, aa lu
met with repulso after repulso, from tho tal
and rich, and busy gentleman, to whom h<
uppliod for a place.
•• Do you want to hiru a boy, air ?" had
been tho poor child's oft repeated question.
Fainter and fainter, waa it apoken, on spark
by nj>ark, hie courage died away, and at last
he tried to utter it in vain, for tho word*
atuck, liko large lumps, in his throat, and
ho turned with a heavy heart homewards,
and weut und sat down by tho bedside of
dear undo Lewis, and cried.
•'Oh, how I wish some ono would try to
find a pluee for me," sighed the poor boy.
'•I shall never, never >:aro to ask any ono to
hire mo again—Oh, dear, dear, what a
drtudful tiling it it to bo poor: I wish some
body would help us, Unelu Lewis."
Uncle [jewirt was troubled for tho child ;
he placed his p^lo hand on Uarry's cluster
ing curls, and said:
"You are in a world where all that is good
must ho struggled for, with a great struggl*.
•'You must drivo your own cart," my
child. I would do it for you hut I cannot.
Bo bravo, be |>atient, bo persevering, and
you will get out on tho other side of the
shadows, before long."
fl.irry loved his uncle d<sirly ; raoro than
he know how express, and tho terrible foar
or losing him nude him seem dfcarcr than
ever now ; bo, hard though it was to choke
luck tho team, ho did it, and fondly ki sing
tho hand that caressed him, lis said with an
effort:
" I will ha a bravo boy, Undo, you shall
•oe that I mind your advice. I will try again j
tomorrow, and keep trying, till I do get.
out of tho shadows. If you will only make'
haste and gst well, and if I can always live
whero I can s?o you, and hear your voice
every day, I won't complain whatever may
bo my hardships."
"Dear child," aaid Uncle Lowis, with a
trembling voice. He could say no more
though his heart was overflowing with
yearning love und sympathy for tho aff-o
donate and duvoted child. Gladly would
he havo folded tho gentle boy to hi< heart,
and sheltered hint there from all rude con
tact with tho harsh and jo-tling world ; but
he knew this could not lie, and he knew also |
that to it were not "well with tho child."
liarry must tako the great und wide world
l>y the hand, as all had done who has wres
tled with it before him ; ho must learn to
'•labor and to wait."
After making ready nud eating their aim
plo evening meal, Harry sat again by the
lide of bin uncle, and rend from the word of
Hod. lie opened accidentally, providential-1
ly rather, to this pa*«ago, "Trust in the Lord,
ind do good, and thou ahalt dwell in the'
land, and rcrily thou ahull bo Ted."
'•That blcwed book," cried Undo I/cwis,
•never wu» there a troubled heart whioli it
.wild not comfort."
And when Harry liad fmiahed reading, |
.lie nick man folded hit* hand* and offered u
heartfelt and thankful prayer. Thoy then
resigned themselves to r»*t.
•' 1'leuse, air, don't you want to hiro u
Iwy ?" said our young hero, next morning,
to u finely dressed dandy of a atom keeper.
••If I did, I wouldn't have you, you pit!-'
ful, whining, milk and water-faced scamp —
jff with you, quick—clear." And tho man
itepped toward Harry, as if for somo offon
uvo act. Harry hurried off.
••Oh dear," aaid ho to himself, an he
walked on, •• I'm afraid tho Lord didn't
mean any of thoso good promism for mo. j
['in afraid I shall never g.-t a place, and I
un hungry, and oold and tired, and what i
■hall 1 do?" The hamla of d<»|>air was tug
ping liurd at thoso young heart-strings.
«• Why, what's this aaid Harry suddenly.
A nic-' porte-mennaie laid at his foot. Ho
picked it uj>— it Iwro the name of tho very
*tore keeper who had just abused the or
phan child. Resisting tho temptation t > j
avengo himself, and supply his pressing (
wants, l»y keeping the well filled porte-mon
naio Harry hurried back to tho store and
£avo it into its owner's hands. The man
had the grace to blush as ho took it from
the hooest and forgiving bjy, and ha open
ed it and handed Harry a two dollar bill.—
Die portemonaio contained two hundred
dollars. Hut this was not tho ond of that
adventure. An elderly gentleman, who,
over the tops of his spoctAclos, had observed
tho wholo affair, arose, as Harry with his
wall earned treasure tightly locked in his
little hand, left tho store, and followed him
into the street. " Come with me, my lad,"
he aaid kindly, "I know a place where they
want an honest boy."
The two walked on. Harry Answered in
n satisfactory manner, all tho questions put
to him by tho old gentleman, and by his son,
to whose largo whol<*»le store he conducted
him, And when Harry At noon rought his
lair ancle, it was to tell him, as well as he
could speak for joyful excitemont, that ho
had •• got two whole dollars," and was
•• engaged to do errands for tho firm of J.
H. Apploton Co., At twodollare a week."
• ••Commit thy way unto tho bird—trust
ilso in Ilim, And Ho shall bring it to pass,"
<aid uncle Lewis, embracing lLirry with
warmth. "Jitter days have dawned, ray
Soy let us thank God and take con rage.—
Aad thanksgiving, earnest and sinoere, atom
from that lowlj roof, and enteral into tho
can of tho Lord moat high.
" Thefto desplso not tho day of small
I thing*," said He, "lo, I tare it in ruy heart
, to enlarge their border*, to increaso their
, goods, and to make them fat with theboun*
> ty of tho earth." And it was even so.
The faithful, honest boy found favor in
I the sight of his employers. Tho bumble
and affectionate child won his way to the
. heart of tho he.ul of tiie firm, a father, whoso
only son had besn laid in the grave to sleep, I
and ho adopte^ littlo Harry as his own.
Tho days of poverty and distross were
, over then, !>oth for Harry and dear uncle
Lewis. Harry never forsook, neve? ceased
tenderly to lore, and gratefully to eherith
(•is "beat friend" ns he always called uncle
l<ewis ; whoso health was restored and who i
passed a happy and cheerful old ago in the
house of the child of his adoption.
The Non-Slaveholding Community at
the South.
Wo call tho attention of our renders to tlio
following extract from u letter, written to
tho New Orleans Delta by it- Washington
correspondent. It shows conclusively that
this talk aoout dissolving tho Ucion is a
jugbenr cry. It also shows that thun is a
|>owor behind tho ilavebolding interest,
potent enough to silenw tho «*com onisto
when occasion calls. Mr. Toombs and Jeff.
Davis can make a great deal of bluster
about tho (teeuliar institution, and South-\
oni rights, and secession, and all that sort 1
of thing , but tbero is a community down i
South, who havo little interest in perpetuat
ing slavery. This power is beginning to
wake from its slumbering, and when the
secessionist* nre ready to apply tho match to
tho train which is to blow tho country sky
high, they muy, perchance, find that tho
powder will not go off, or, rather, that them
lelves nre blown up, instead of tho Union. '
The letter lonvos Mr. To:>mhslimpping. It
unstarchos tho secession roho which he has
daunted so grandly, and wo see that, after
all, he is but a man, fullible, prono to
chango bis opinio is. Ho was a Unionist in
1850—perhaps he may bo a Unionist again. |
(>00,000 non-qlave-owuurs in tho slave Stutes J
may conclude that it is heat for tho Union to '
continue. What will Mr. Toomlis nnd his
2"»0 000 brethren do then? ilut the letter: j
" The most ritlicuIouH and absurd stata.
mentfl arumailc here in regard to national
politics, by men wlio know Ik-IUt. Mr.
Toomls.-who is out in the Herald about dis
union, was tho loader of the Union party in
Georgia which defeated McDonald in th»
Statu Rights jurty in lH.'iO. lie then said
that saccwion was merely tho right of revo- |
lution. That in, the Stotos have no specific j
sovereignty, derived from tho Constitution
nl conduct, but arc nicro paru of n harmo
nious whole, possessing that natural right
of revolution which any province in Franco (
or Any wild benst in Africa may claim.—
And whut wyn tho Herald to all thin ? Ben
nett refers to tho non-slavcholding voto of
tho South. Mr. Tooml* knows perfectly
well that Ills party succeeded in 1850 by
that very non-slaveholding voto. There was J
a story going the round that n (tanner was
Hung to tho broese, in either Mississippi or
Georgia, lairing tho inscription, ' Sixty
Cents a Pound roR Cotton, and no N'egroks.' 1
It was Tishomingo county which elected
Footo in Mississippi over Davis. Tho lion
daveholding vote, by sorao strange (?) coin*
pidenco, has ever l>ecn against tho policy of
resistance to federal oppression on this ne
l^ro question. It is not directly appealed
to. It is un elomont, and a very im|iortant <
duo, in our politics. While it can never
i i roc tly oo* operate in the policy of tho North. ■!
it hn* n powerful negativo infltionce, and
lias horotoforo been strong enough to pre
rent the slaveholders assuming an attitude
uf re»istanco. Tbo question now is : • Will
Fremont's election l» retistod by the South ?'
There aro GU0,0(M> non-slave-owing voters
igainst about 250,(HX) slave-owning voter*.
Sow, what are the leaders, the politic.il
rulers of the South, doing, with tho proba
bility of Freinonl'a election staring them in
the fuco? Aro they preparing the South
ern mind for resistanoo? Aro they showing
the white man of tho South, whether he
owns negroes or no, that his worst enemy i*
in al toll lion ism? No. 'Go for Buchanan,' ]
nays ono. '(Jo for Fillmore,' says another.!
Somo littlo politician here gets up in Con-!
gress, and drawn out his long written speech,
and ltegins to squirt away upon tho greui
tinning press of tho North and West, which
bums like n very volcano and floods the
country from Maine to Nebraska with its
light for good or evil; Tho littlo politician
sits down. Ho has 'vindicated Southern
Rights.' 11a has hud his word for Bun
conibo. Tho knight of tho wooden sword
has defied the giant of tho North to mortal
combat. Thit is tho wuy party men defend
tho South. It is high timo for tho people
of tho South to begin to think for themselves
and act for themselves. As I stated in tny
last letter, Fremont's election is no longer a
mere possibility; it is a probability. If he
is defeated now, he will not be in IRtiO, or
his successor in tho affections of the black
Republicans."
A Silvm Widdiso. A very interesting
meeting took plaeo at Roxbury, last even
ing, between Iter. Dr Putnam's congrega
tion and tlioir pastor, it being tho twenty*
fifth annircmury of Dr. I* 'a wedding. Tho
aocioty, knowing their pastor'a disapproval
of ailver prcaenta, agreed privately to en
tirely refit and refurnitli hi* residence. A
cowmitteo ofladioa was aelecLud, and in l)r.
Putnam's alienee, during hia aunitoer vaca
tion, hi* house waa taken pnaaeasion of by
|«uuW>ra, gftf fitters, 4c., under theoe fair
director*, ao that when bo returned bo waa
surpristd at the cliango wrought upon bia
pretnyteo. Lilt evening, tho bouao and
ground* wen illuminata], and Dr. 1*. -re
©etoatl thagrwtingaand kind wipbai of a
Urge a umber of their friend*.
. rf.i ,*i: w* \a«. ■•t.ti
Fiendish Outrage.
Latrrcnee, K. T., Auj. 27/A, 1850 —It
is my duty record one of the matt hellish
outran which over disgraced any ag>i or
country; but which, alas ! in not an isola
ted one in our beautiful Territory. Lot this
iiim lio handed down an an evideneo of the
demor-aliiing effects upon humanity of that
cursed institution which our ruler* ai» try
ing to forco upon us.
Henry Hyatt, with Iiim family, moved
from Milton Wayne County, Indiana, to
Kansas, and settled on a claim on Washing
ton Creek, wren mile* south from this city.
Accompanying bis wife was a young widow
lady, a friend of the family. Mr. Hyatt
oouiuuuoed building a mill on his claim la«t
Spring, and, ns extra hand* wurc needed, a
pro-Ma very man wait employed.
It wtut noon noticed that when any now*
of tlio movement* of the Free-State* or pro
slarery parties reached Hyatt'*, that this
man after supper time, would go off to tho
rendezvous above, known as Fort Sanders,
which lias since bc*n broken up, and tlioro
fttay till quiti) lato nt night. At la»t .Mr.
| Hyatt's family, whoso feeling* are with tlio
cause of Freedom, charged him with King
J n spy,and tho young lady eit.il ins'ancja of
liiii visits to pro-slavery plaej# after tho re
iceipt of news hy them, with an earnestness
very distasteful to tho ruffian. Tin' reaolt
wa» that ho loft Mr. Hyatt's employment.
On tho night of Wednesday, August 111,
when all tlio family hud goiio to rest, th»i
young lady left her room and wont to uno !
of tho buildings in tho rear of tho house.—
On her roturn sbo was soiled by f .ur mask*
ed ruffians, and to overcome was she by tor-1
ror that before sho could aenmm lior tongue
was choked out of hor mouth and with a
string tied behind her head and around her
neck. Sho w.w then told that if s'io made
tho least noise sho would immediately N«
shot; and n revolver was held to her lioad [
while they tied her hands behind her hack.
They then curried hor a few hundred yard*
('rota tli>.' house into u patch ol long prairie
^niM, and commenced their hellish dcd»—
three standing guard while they each of
them violated Iter person. Mm had swooned
from fear, und had not returned to n state
of entire consciousness when the inhuman
assault was made upon her ponton. After
completing their infamy, they kicked her
in the fide and abdomen, nnd left tier, it i*
supposed, to die. How long alio remained
hi a Ntate of insensibility she do * not know,
but alio was enabled to b tagger in the direc
tion of the house. On reaching it *he w.,n
unable to open tlfe door, her hand* being
tied lieliind her luck, and she wax also una.
bio to apeak, Iter tongue being tied with u
s'.ring and now Nwollcn to an alarming »i*o.
She wad too weak to shout, and in the effort
to do no kho faintetl. In falling she over
turned an empty churn which stood near
the door; uud tho noise made by the churn j
against the side of the house awoke the 1
family, who found her in the couditiou de-1
scribed.
On tlio i£.'{rd, she took, nc the rtnjuwt of
Dr. Avery, sumo nourishing food ; hut her
cum is nearly hop des*. Sho ha* had * jronil
lita of convulsions, and, though Iter friend
believed lost night rIid would dio »r«» this
morning, alio still lives. It is supposed that
the pro-slavery hired man und throo of hi»
associates weii) lite |ierp»tMtor* of this vil
lainy.—jV. 1'. Tribune correMptmdrncf.
tCT Ono singular fact, c:>nn»ctod with
thin election, outside from tlio largeness ot
the aggregate vote, is the falling olf in thu
vote of both whig and doiuocrutiu candi
dates over that they received last year Tho
Voto for 1'atten, tho whig candidate, is t,
13)2, and that for Wells is -1,108, lew than
their respective votes last year—making, in
the aggregate, a diminution of 8,-fill) votos
lor tin) whig and democratic candidates,
couip.irod with that of last year.
Hero arc two puzzling questions, 1st,
how did Wells lose so many votes? und 2d,
how did Patten retain so many ? Tlio whig
l»arty had no national organisation,and the
democratic party had everything which
should cull out tlio fullest voto that it cou.d
command in its palmiest d*ya—except, of
coursc, truo democratic principles—yot tho
whig candidato lost, under tho circumstan
ces, much leu tlian tho dejnoctetic.
The uiMvt-r to tbeae qurtitionn i« turn: i <
rery many of the democrat* voU-d fur I'at
Mil hoping thereby to give liim u fair vote, i
ui(l in thu belief that there would bo no i
:hoice by tho people, to »<?cure his election
i» Governor and that of Gov. Well* as U.
S. Senator. This wo* the game a* dintinct
It and openly talked of by many democrat*.
We know quite a number who avow that
they voted f.r Patten, under that idea. Thi*
ii« the only way in which thi* -<ingular phe
nomena can bo accounted for. Sup|>o*e
uvery one of tho vote* lacking to Well* und
fatten a* compared with la*t year, hud
becu thrown for Hamlin, they would not'
have Imwo vuf&oieut lo make up Hamlin'*
vote. IJeaidos there can be no doubt, judg
ing from the vote among ut, that fully two
third* of tboae who voted for Uoed Lut year
voUxl for llamlin thu year.
We repeat then, that the only way In
which the vote for Patten can be aooounted
for, ia on the aup|»o*ition that a largo num*
her of democrat* voted for him, in tho ho
lief that there would be no election by the
people —State of Mum.
The Ruppmition of the State of Maino if
undoubtedly correct. In this city full one
half of tho Patten vote, wax given by men
who voted Ia*t y<nr for Welli, and wo pro-,
Hume that tho aarno thing wo* done cUo
where.
Auwinss it tiii .State Fair. It give* oi
plauuro to ttatc that the Hon. Goorgft P
Marah, of Burlington, Vt.. Iiaa contented to
give tho addreaa before tho Maine State Ag i
ricultural Society,at their coming*bow and
Fair at Portland, on the Slat of next month.
—Maine Farmer.
'} IV ; I . v '
Hon. Samuel IL, Walley in favor of
Fremont and Dayton.
— i
'Die following latter from lion. 8. H.
Wolloy, to tue Fremont Club So. ), of K-ix
bury u a manly and able document—tb«
outspoken aentimenU of ono who atood well
for Freedom while in Congn**; who op
I weed, with all liia power, the iniquitous Ne
braska hill; and who, in thia hour of pu?
eountry'a danger, without ulxitiiig aught of
political principle, "ran only tatitfyhit ran•
sum re by vvtiny for Frmionl and l)ayton.%*
Erery true patriot will reaped auch a deter
mination. A |Mjlltical opponent, if not rio*
dictire, will reaped, it. And there are
tliouiunda of men in the community wlto
will take a like poaition. The cooftidera
| tiotia of duty are above all other* with Unaa,
. mid wlicn tho 4th of N'oreinWr con»<«, they
will bo found in no equivocal poaition; but
ronllated in the jxople's oauac-— fighting a
jieaceful battle at the ballot bo*—by their
votee doing what they can to put down tho
dca|K>tiain which ia overthrowing tho liber
tire of the country. Tho letter reads:—
Boston Atlas.
Koxiu'rt, Sept. 12, 18.10.
Dear Sir : My engagements will not ad
! uiit of my addressing the Roxbury Freui«nt
Club us you request on Tussduy evening
nut, but us you desire to hear what rujr
views are on the question* which now cn
i»roas the public mind, I will not hewitute to
j express them briefly unci frankly:
The pre*-nt struggle in an iinj»ort.int one,
I in iny view, chiefly us presenting u kiii^Io
iMiio to the public mind—other questions
are either settled or Hu*|M>ndu<l t'ur the time
Iwing; uud every voter is called ujmn to say
yea or nay to this proposition : Skali tlav
try hf eonJinot /<» the Statu—»r may il be
earrieiI hi tin inttitution into the territory of
tin I'nittJ State*?
It is well known that the Whig |urty ot'
the North have b vn by resolution and ac«
lion opp.UK-d to this extension. No one has
expressed hitii-> ■!(' m in? fully and clearly on
this |M)int than Mr. Wrbater, and 1 have
considered tli.it by ac«|uic*cin£ iu I did re
luctantly in the compromise nii-.*<*ar«* of 18
."><>, 1 dill sou* a finality. Who has disturb
ed that compromise? The South, with tli«
.lid of the Democratic jurty. It i* they
who li.no made a sectional inane, nnd tliti
North arc not ajggraaive or intruaivo. Nei
ther Mr. Fremont nor hi*supporter*, by wot J
or deed, hare shown any intention to inter
fern with the institution of • la very in the
States. Thoy ask that tho United SUte*
troop* may n«>t bd usjd to uphold men from
it lave States in driving freemen from Kansas,
liut that they may l*» employed in sustain
ing them in the enjoyment of life, liberty
and property, according to the Constitution
and laws of the Uuitcd State*, in their new
home*. -
An to ot.'ier territory owned by thol'nitod
State*, they imk that while it ia the common
' property of all, it n»;»y not be cur*od with
tho blight of *lavcry.
The South insut on forcing tho inatitu*
tion; tho North ought with equal energy
to ittund on the defensive.
The question must be * -eti mal only be
cuuhc tho Sjuth have made it no; and the
Democratic party, by their ni dutions and
their leader, hare fully ondor«ed the entire
and unprecedented pro-kluvery und section
al warfare of the prwent ndminixtrotioti ;
the wrong* of Kan«a* and the utrocitie* p'r
mitbd, not to My perpetrated there !>y the
authorities at WuAhingtoi), have compelled
inen at the North who uro neither Abdition
iat« nor fanatic*, hut friend* of eonititutional
liberty, and of eecuring to North and South
the right* guaranteed to bjtlt l»y tho Con
xtitution, to Hpjkik out in tho only manner
in which their voice can In heard.
In my judgement, a* I have already Mid
in a former letter, and I »eo no reu«>n to
change tho opinion then cxpream*!, thero»re
but two eundidatoH to be voted for—Iluchan*
an und Fremont.
The election of tho former would hi a
(•auction of the Dougla*, Atchi*on, I'i tco
jHjlicjr—a complete triumph hy tho*c who
planned and ace iinpluhed the rpil of tho
.MiNtouri Comproiui*»—who made the pr<«
| ent •octional i*»uo, and who ant directly mid
forerei re«pon*ihln for the evil*, told and
j untold, that have followed that perlidiMW
i act. To my view there i* not even tho odor
of nationality alxnit tho Democratic pirfy
in the prcnent junrtum; they stand forth
.w tlic champion* of tho avowi'd ao itim< nt*
uiul determined policy of our brethren nt
flie S mth—and tli.-ro is no other national
r]uc«ti'in preaent-d in tho promt c mi***;
«ven thi> old "inaiiiiiwt destiny" doctrine of
tho I>eniocruta in now chainoi to tho car of
«luvurv, and ui .do practical only an an allr,
to uu«ment the slave power.
On the other hand, themiceeMof Fremont
will In« a rebuke to tho policy of this Ad
ministration in rekindling the smothered and
well nigli extinguished fires of soctional
strifo— it will \j to tho South, "Bocontent
with tho compromise* of tho Constitution
«nd tho numerous ronc**sioii« wliich tho
North hare already made, and neiUier de
mand nor ask for more." On other subject*
wo can ilmciiM and Ingiilaip—<mi slanty,
wo can go no further—no. not one inch.
This i* not a spirit of defiance—but firm
resolve.
I hare reflected much, carefully and pain
fully, on this auhject. I have availed my
**lf of the lights affirdod me. ami though I
regret t<i differ from many who are my per
sonal friends, and many with whom I hare
Ikvii nii*>ciat«d in polities, and who lionet*
|y cherish fry oppnito opinion*—yet [
hare made up my wind, that without join
ing any now party—without giving up nny
clMriahiid opinion* or adopting any new
onw—I can only satisfy my conscience and
discharge my duty hy giv ing^my roui far
Fremont and D <ytoo, and I shall do to, if
niy life i* spared until the day of electioa.
Mort truly,
Your friend and fellow citixao,
SAMUEL 11. WALLEY.
To t>mroai» M. Hcxt, K«q., K nbary.
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