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LOUIS 0. COWAN, Editor aid Proprietor.
TO EVERY FORM OF OPPRESSION OVER THE MIND OR BODY OF MAN."—Jirrxisoif. if,. . • i u. j . DDEFORD, MAINE, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1856. VOLUME III—NUMBER 41. UNION AND EASTERN JOURNAL Tfca Catan Mi iMbfi Jovial I* | n>llia»i •»•** hlltT, •»*•. I.Central Ht«k, ..pt-aaa Ifca IMdHtrd Maaaa. Tarwa p» par hm, «r «1-M If paM wlU la tttaa Maaifci Iran Ua ttwa «f «Uiwl>lf. *at»a aapiaa « aaata. JJ T. It. Mwr, Ika laittaa *a»a payw A(aM la Um a^j aauwiaau a«am IW U^a Ml" U ika tutm at Nav tart, >aa>.a. aai fh.laJripW*, Mi la ini? la>a»iM m uta atfwrtWwrata aaal ank aoriytiaaa at Ik* mm rataa aa wplwi tf at. Ml* a» aaa ua Jfaia rar», Trtbaaa BaiUloaa i fcb.4 lajf'a Ikaikbaf rkUad*lf*f, K. W. aartn Third Mi ClMllMi SCfYOt. MARCUS WATION, Printer. ^ottrq. Direction* to XUotionercrt for Mr. Bit* ehaun. Rroi<-mt*r alaraya lo inaial, Tuat FrruKxil * m alio.iUtMiat t Don't yiekl a point, bait atill |*r»ut That b«'a an aliclHiouiat; No facta rrstarO, and don't draiat Frvm brawling, * aboiiliuniat! '• ll'a raibrr bad, but now, (oraooth. We cant afltirtl to apamk tb« truth. Remember. thai il Merer anawera To ulk about tbe wrvag* of Kanaas ; Be alaray* »ure to call tlx speakers The Journal'* cugoouieu ot " Shriekers." Or, heller still, let's name I hem "Squakers Il'a rather bad, but bow, (oisooth, We cau*t ailonl to tell the truth. So, whea you meet • Methodist, Don't lot a moment's time ileal*!. But iu the point utM stoutly stick, That Fremont ia a Catholic, But should yuu iue« t a Paddy Carey, Thea your tactics yuu uiuat vary, And say, tbe pmpt is very clear, Aad "he's aa atheul," you le.tr: Speak alow, with hand upon your heart, Am try to [Jay the pteeclierV part. It'a rather bad, but now, torauoth, Wa can't aliord to apeak the truth. Disunion talk'a not alwaya right, Foe cow that cuck will scarcely tig tit — Among the northerners juat now, Tbey have no lean oi auch a row. TU rather hard, but at ill, Axaouh, All uow appear to know the truth. Should any talk about Oalcnd, Put thaaib u|>ou pour noeea' eud, To add your little tingti, t o, la perhapa the beat thiag yuu caa do; Require them to reapect the party Conveatun beM at Ciacianati, And aay, Buchanaa'a aoie Je»iit Is to be James filiform, E»piin.-. Aad now a word about your pay I Twill be a gold piece every day. Thus tiay by day tbe sum lucrvasea, (laid you get your tkirig jwmm. (N. Y. Eveaiag 1W Stgriculinral. JVaai Ml Iftw **<1**4 Ftraur. Effect of Pumpkin Sooda on Cows. Mi. Editor 1 noticed a statement in a lata number of the Farrmrr, to the effect that punipkin seeds dried up a cow's milk. This *u something new to rnc. nod contrary to the idea that I had alwajv entertained, to wit, that pumpkins were valuable to feed to milch cows, therefore I resolved to ascertain the real value of that statement before tak ing any stock therein. Being unsuccessful in raiaing a crop of pumpkins myeelf, the past ssason, I procured a few loads of one of my neighbors, who had a surplus, and commenced feeding them out to iny cow, at the rate of half a bushel per day; she was then giving about eight quarts of milk per day, but instead of this increasing the quan tity, the j diminished it. 1 increased the feed to a bushel per day ; still there was a decrease in the quantity of milk until the pumpkins fruie up, when she did not give but four quarts per day. T »e cow did not fatten, and the reason for the decrease in the quantity of milk, 1 could in no way ac count for. When 1 stopped feeding the pumpkins, 1 gave a pail-full of slops from the house, with two quarts of oat meal per da j, and in a short time, she was giving her former quantity; still 1 did not think of the pumpkins doing the mischief. When 1 read the statement in ;oq(}pi]>er. 1 bad commenced feeding boilQd to the cow, in ad dition to the slops and meal, with the same eflect on the milk m in the fall. 1 then took out all the seeds before boiling, when, lo, the change! Instead of five quarts of milk per day, 1 got nearly nine in a short time. 1 again kept in theVwds, with pre cisely the same result as before. Now this experiment establithes a fact, which, (to me at least,) is of importance. Probably there are some who knew the mm thing, jean ago ; and, per ha pa, there are others, some that, like isjself. were not to whom thie will be of consequence. I also noticed while 1 left out th« seeds, thai tbo cow made no extra quantity 0f urine, which all cattle invariably dt>, when fed on pumpkins, seeds and all. It you see fit tc give this an insertion, it may be of Bfeqfk tc some who have had no more experience Hiii myself. Yours, fte., J. B. Fubum. Isksra, jV. J/., 1850. Tall Plowing. The advantage* ot fall plowing* may be enumerated as follows: 1. In autumn, the team having become inured to work through the summer, is more vigorous and batter prepared fur labor than ia the spring, and other Cars work is leas presaing in ita demands upon the time and attention than in that bustling period. lM all the plowing be done which is possible in the fall, and still the spring work would git* abundant employment to the fanner and his teams, in drawing inanure, cross plowing, cultivating, harrowing, kc. 2. In the fell, low, moist lands are gene rally in better condition fur plowing than in spring time. We aaj generally, for this •sason, low, moist lands are decidedly moist, at present. Still, we cannot bops for any better stale very early next year, and if plowed as they should be, wet lands will mJbr very littk from water through the ' viator. S. Stiff, heavy nils, plowed in antur an undergo, by the action of water and Ire jt, i mora thorough disintegration—clay* an puheriwd and crumbled, and heavy loaini aa«l hard pan lands are acted upon in a liki manner and with like benefit. 4. Heavy, coarss awards, full of rani weeds and grama, can be better subdued bi plowing in the fall—their roots are mon apt to die out, and far leas liable to sproui again than when plowed in the spring.— The turf ia better prepared, by its mors ad vanced state of decay, for the uae of th« crops which may be sown or planted upon it. 5. Fall plowing disturbs the "winter ar rangements" of numerous worms and in sects, and must destroy a large number ol thase pests, and also their egg und larva.— This is a minor advantage, but one worthy of consideration, especially on lands infested with the wire-worm. The principal objections to fall plowing are theno: 2. The loss of that fiesh friable condition readily permeable to air and mouturo, and the consolidation of Um> soil by long expo sure to changing and stormy weather. This, on soils of a light character, is a very seri ous objection to plowing in autumn. 2. The loas of vegetable matter and the gases of the same while in a *Ute of decay, is another disadvantage. Tin- latter is but a small loss, if tho work is done late in the fall, but often, on hill sides, a large part of the soluble and floating orgunic matter is washed away by the bcuvy rains of winter and early spring time. The soil is also con solidated by the sumo influences. Heavy swards thus situated would sustain less in jury than light swards or stubble lands. The advantages and dimdvuntages of this practice may be appropriately followed by brief directions for performing tho work. 1. Do it in the best manner. 2. Throw up low lands in narrow beds und cut cross furrows and drains sufficient to carry off at once all surface water. This srill obviate one great objection to fall plow ing. 3. Plow deep and narrow furrows—such will best securv the action of the ameliora ting influences of frost upon the soil. A rough broken surface is better than a smooth >ne for this purpose.—Rural Sao YorLer. Proper Depth to Flow. Tho Jt-ptk of pW«My is another question which must depend on many circumstances. I plow *11 mr own land from eight to twelve inches devp. Much of it is sandy, and 1 manure heavily. The deeper such land is plowed, the better it will stand the drouth, because tho roots will strike deeper, and on light soils, however much tho manure may bo diffused, the roots of the plants are sure to pursue and find it. On my heavy ci ty soil, in turning over tho sod after haying— nay oncv in half a dozen yearn—to extermi nate the had grosses and briars, which spring up after a few years, I am suspicious that I have usually plowed deeper than is profitable. In my next experiment, for which I am preparing a largo compost heap ! of night soil and swamp mud, I propose to i run the. plow to the depth of about eight inches, apply the compost, harrow it well f and sow my seed in August, or early 'j„ September. On such land, which l1^ Q strong affinity for ammonia, there will W little loss by evaporation, and t'je young grass roots will find their food at hand for n start. In after life much of cheir no*irish rnent is derived from the air and water ; and the heavier portions of the rnanu ro they will have to seise upon, before it w> ishm be low their reach. Fur several yes rs I have used the sod and subsoil plow, an d run it a foot deep for my hoal crops ; 'out upon a stiff clay, which has bewn plowe* 1 but five or six inches before, 1 should 0 cem such an operation dangerous. A devp soil is desira ble everywhere, but it raust be deepened ( gradually, unless bountifully manured. In our rocky soil, it is oft'jn impossible to plow moro than eight ine'des, th ough 1 belisvo it is well established that a yranUt subsoil, | token even I'rum the bottom of a well, will become fertile rjcrcly by erposurv to the air, so that on su^h soils we ha* e little danger to apprehend from deep cultivation. — iYns England Farmer. 1 Chr*p Ice House—Saving Seed Corn. Wo Vill gwe you o»ar experience with a • cheap ice-hou«e. Four yeurs ago hut Jun ur.ry wo had one dug, of the following di mensions, ri* : ten feet every way ; thia wu dug in high ground, it ito a Inn clay; after getting in thia deptl i, we Juid the bottom maJo into a bowl i ihape, and laid down •mall loga acron it: at the surface we had a pen made ot log*, around the edge to the height of four feet, and the dirt that came 1 out of the hole waa tl irown up and rammed ajound the pen ,• tl iia pen increased the depth to fourteen 'feet. The part in the ground «haa no wall ing of any description. When filling, we h are a small quantity of atraw kept between t be ice and the earth.— Fifteen wag n Kinds* will fill my houae, and it haa been empty* but once in fonr years, and that waa in >'«ov ember, and then it waa emptied by tak mg out cartloads at a time fol eztraordinar y purposes. After the bank waa thrown • jp around the pen, we aet in four blocks at tho vomers, and laid upon them two o >arm of logs twenty feet long ; , they were cut this length in order to throw the eaves km aix feet from the ice, and thereby • jewreit from the intruaioo ol water. There » w* left sufficient space between the logs to - Mtmit a Tree circulation of air. The walls ' aaro crumbled reiy little—more the fint ) m*r than erer sinee, and thia wai caused by rats. We paid a workman foui doll jt, for putting on the roof, banging do< at, k, o., and this waa the whole cost, sa re the 'labor of four Gum hands, two dayi ! ^ Jgging and putting up tho logs, and Um oust of m. ateriala. We wi U gire yon our plan of taring seet oorn ; ie .eral yeais' trial peoYes it to be I i good om , and it haa been strikingly demon stzmtod th. is ssason. Owing to bad sssd, thi ' o V • ■I V ■13 m IN m SWWmall in quantity, should bo removwl at least once a day and a clean, dry place left for the animal to stand, or lie down on. Many a horse when stabled for an hour's feeding, is placed in a cJoso filthy place, without a breath of pure air—thoro obliged to make his meal. Wo would almost as aoon think of rating in such a place our selves, as of compelling a horse to do it. If you hare no windows in your stable, by all means make ono at one®, or knock off a board, to let in light and pure air. When you have removed the droppings from the stable, at night, strew tho tloor with dry straw or rusk :—tho Talue ot tho manure will moro than repay th« expense—besides rendering your hone h calthier. Horn* take cold very rasily; for this rea soa they should never be turned from a warm stall, where they havo perspired for an hour, directly into a damp pasture.— Neither should a hon*> ever bo left to lie down over night in a tlamp posture whero there is no shelter, but let a shed bo built, to which they can retire at night. A horse will never lie down in an open lot when ho din find a place of shelter; and if there is nothing better, they will always get near a fence or tre®, at night.— Wttkly Visitor. Artn icml Mamf.xr roil Fruit Turks.— The best manure for fruit trees, under usual circumstance*-, are composts made of stable manure, turf, muck, or loain, with a small quantity of ashofi, and still less lime. Tho addition of guano bone ma/iure, Ac., in creases its value. Tho proportions may bo one-third manure,over one-third turf, loam, or peat, und a. tenth ashes, a tw entieth gu ano, or bono manure. Tho special manure, applied seperatuly, sometimes produce deci ded result, but not usually.—Country Gm t latum. JUistrllniuons. Tin Colored Methodists in CAMr. On Wednesday lust a camp-mecting of colored methodists assembled mar Hempstead, L. I., and will probably be continued during tho greater purt of this week. Tho brethren and sistcrv present are numbered by thousands, gathered from all parts of Long Island, from this city and its vicinity, from Connecticut, New Jersey, and some from Boston and Philadelphia. Among tho preachers are Rev. Messrs. Wm. Moore, Jos. Fuller, Jas. Scott, Geo. Clary, Reuben Murray, Adam Banner, John ' Jackson of New York ; Charted Sawyer, I Richard Robertson and Jeremiah Rulah of ' Philadelphia; and William Johnson of Bos ton. Two or threo of tho clergymen aro white, the rest aro colored. Yesterday the' meeting was in operation, and was visited by thousands of spectators from tho neigh borhood. It is held in a beautiful grove some two miles irom Hemps toad village, and the numerous tents, covered wagons and camp fires give the spot tho appearance of the cncampment of an army. Twenty or thirty Urge tents uro pitched so as to form a semi-circle, the open spaco in tho circlo be : ing partly occupied by the preacher's stand, I in front of which aro tho benches for the congregation. The women ore usually neatly attired, the prevailing head-drew being the red and yel low handkerchief tied in the form of a tur ban. The whole company Mem fully to en joy their life in tho wood*, but none more than tho troop* of children of all age*, from one year upward*, who play together among the tree*, caper and tumble among the grass and leavtv, or loll in tho tun, apparently without the slightest idea of the serious bum* nea* upon which their elders huvo met. At night the *eeuo i* very picturesque.— The wood* aro illuminated with fires, light* gleam from the vihous tents, and tho air resounds with the loud tones of the prcach «r* and tho responsive shouts of the praying portion of tbe multitude. We listened last evening to the discourse of "Brother Fuller," of New York. He was very hoarse from constant preaching, and hi* gestures were violent and emphatic. "Oh, sinners," hr said, striding from one sido of tbe platform to tbe other, "you have heard,disarternoon,of de white horses, which signifies life to dem dat follow ; you have beard of de ml horses, which signifies death ; you bare heard of de grixxlo hones, which signifies misery; and you have heard of dem other horsen, which is parallel to de pale horses of Ute iwelator. Oh! sinner! why don't you repent ? You man, you bear de trumpet calling yoa ? Dis is your last chance, llcll is gaping wide open for your damned ghost. Escape ! escape! escape! Spirit of de Lord, go out among de people." (Shouts of " Amen.''] [Here a colored woman on the seats utter* i sd a shrill scrsam, and one of ths clergy «x lined, "Glory to God—dar's somebodj fn U the close of Mr. Poller's remarks, ■ J man called upon the audience to keej ir places whllo the plates were handed J|nd for collection. Said he, 44 We wai fled oat here to proach do gospel for <k I of this community, and we must bus dis camp. If jou all give liberally d< , will prosper jou. lie has prospered dj, and if jou dont gire out of the ace he has entrusted to jou, mebbjf be angrj, and won't prosper jou anj .j." IA shrill roico here struck up the bjmo [Oh, Canaan, bright Canaan!" in singing ministers and people all joined with it energy, making the forest ring. Th< •ical effect was verj pleasing, and il nod graduallj to raiso the audienco to n pitch of excitcmont. Shouts of "Brew " Glorj ! GIotj!" and wild, ^telligible screams from men and women, with the hjmn, and the singer* pjed to and fVo, moring their bodies in i with tho music, so as to giroanobjerr ; a little distance the impression tlmt the tyo congregation was dancing. rcral hymns were sung in this manner to familiar tunes, (including "Old Dan Tucker,") and after the ringing had ceased the shouts and screams continued from va rioos parts of tho ground, and from somo of the tents. At one time the indescribable uproar resembled the wild tumult and con fusion of a battle. The neit speaker wis a small, light eom ]iexionod man. lie commenced in a very low tone, but his voioo soon gained strength so that it could ho heard a mile. He pictured to the audience tho despair of tho damned. •• You will soo tho gates shut up behind you ; you will say, thcro is my body in which I used to drink and gamble and commit all kinds of sin—in which I used to inako fun at camp meeting and call them niggers, and my their skulls was thick, and they din't know any better. But you will now say all is lost, and tho lako of firo and brimstone must roll on you. Oh! sinners what has God dono to you to makoyou hate him? Oh! why don't you cotno to Jesus." Outside of this grout ring of religious tents is another cirolo of refreshment bjoths, kept by hlack and white men and women, in which, truth compels us to say, more oaths than prayers are heard ; and further with in tho grove it is said, various iniquities aro openly practiced. Immediately around tho camp, howover, good order is proservod, and visitors who ars disposed to holiavo woll are treated with respect.—N. Y. Evening Post. from Iki Jftw T»rk Stfl. 19. The Bookiellers and Col. Fremont. A largo number of tho booksellers and book publishers, who aro at present in tho city uttonding tho Trade Sules, yesterday made a formal call upon Col. Fremont, at his residence, No. 50 Ninth street. Tho matter had boon previously arranged, and tho Trado Sales were formally adjourned at 11 o'clock, for tho purpose of giving thoso who were so disposed an opportunity of par ticipating in tho congratulations about to bo offered to tho noxt Presidont of tho United States. Tho visitors began to arrive as early as 11 1-2 o'clock. They were ushered into tho parlor and introduced to Mr. Fremont, who received them with tho most courteous and modest urbanity. But it was not until 12 1-2 o'clock that the principal delegation, consisting of more than two hundred gentle men, reached tho houso. They were re ceived by 0. P. Putnam, Esq., of this city, and were individually presented to Mr. Fre mont. After tho wholo number had arrived, and tho rooms were crowded, tho following spooch was mado by Mr. 0. W. Ellis of Davenport, Iowa, who was formerly of Day ton, Ohio, where ho was well known as an unwavering Old-Iiine Democrat:— Col. Fremont:—My friends and thc?e gentlemen, booksellers from different par*i of tho country, take you cordially by the hand. We are not only your political friends, but being also your personal friends, have taken the liberty to call upou you and congratutate you as tho standard-bearer of tho great Republican party of tho American Union—a party which, wo firmly believe, under God, is destined to achievo a moral and political revolution in November next, only equal to that which mado us a nation. [Applause.] It is not simply as a politician that wo feel an interest in your welfare. As booksellen, wo have long known you aa an author by your writings [chocrs], for we arc familiar with your history as tho great pioneer of tho Western World. We trust that tho singleness of purpose and energy of character which havo heretofore characteri xed you will bo manifestod In your admin istration of national afluirs, when the American peoplo shall have placed you in ♦ho Presidential chair [Applauso.] I hope, ^rj^the 4th of March next, to stand by you and hear you deliver a true Republican Jn Auirural address TOreat applause. 1 After Mr. Ellis had concluded, Col. Fits mont replied in the following words: I hare to thank jou, Gentlemen, for the opportunity to make jour acquaintance. I trust to liavo opportunities, hereafter, of improving it [Applause.] It seems to be a distinguishing feature in this great movo mcnt of the people to regenerate the govern ment, that, throughout tho country, the men who are immediatelj engaged in eleva* ting and directing our social progress, are activclj and coidiallj at work with us.— Almost dailj we have startling evidences that tty heart of the entire people is in this movement; and jour visit of to-daj is to mo one of the most agreeable of thoae indi cations. In this connection it is full of promise and encouragement; and I there fore, return jou mj sincere thanks for the trouble jou have taken to make this open expression of jour sjmpathiee for the cause. I am gla^too, of this occasion, to saj that it is a signal gratification to find that in the stand we have taken to maintain the in tegrity of oar political republic, we are to have the warm support of the great republic of letters, in which first wo must always hope to find its perpetuity [Applause.] It is not difficult to see that jou ore fully pro pared to giro a more emphatio expression to your sympathies in November next [Cheers.] There was a law of old Athens which you, gentlemen, will especially remember, that decreed capital punishment to those who had the right to rote and tailed to exercise it. It is very clear that none of you would b« obnoxious to this law next November. The procenion proceeded from the rooms of Leavitt, Delisser k Co., under tho chsrge of P. S. Wynkoop, Esq.; tho Mayor of the city of Hudson, and Wm. Orten, the well known book publisher oi this city. The total number of visitors was about three hundred. After congratulations had been exchanged, threo hearty cheers wcro given for Fremont and Jessie; after which the aMemhly quietly dispersed. The British Man-of-War Huuar. Search for nearly two millions or treasure lost when the liritish man-of-war Hussar was sunk in Ilell Gnto, by striking against Pot Rock, in revolutionary times, has bocn lor somo time going on by a company formal in 1850, and called tho "Worcester Hussar Company," tho loading parties who haro invested capital in tho enterprise, being capitalists uf Worcester. At tho time tlw ilussar sunk she had on board about 70 American prisonors of war, which sho was conveying to Newport, the prison ships at Now York beinj; full to overflowing. After an explanation of a nowly inveutod sub-ma rine armor used on this occasion, tho X. Y. Times says: A largo variety ol articles, liko those al ready enumerated, have been brought up from tho wreck by the preeent Company.— Tho human liones found have been princi pally disjointed sections of tho human skele ton. Connected with tho lower bones of u large number of arms, have lieen found manaclos, and showing, evidently, thut a part, if not all tho American prisoners on hoard, wore manacled and chained. A few da\s since an entire skeleton, the first whole ono discovered, was found. Singular as it may np|Ksir, tho head of this skeleton still contained n portion of brains. A chain was connccted with a manaclo on tho right wrist bono of this skeleton. As for the amount ol monoy thus far recovered, tho Company do not namo tho sum, though thero can ho , littlo doubt they are waking it a paying enterprise. ^ guineas, taken out n few days since, wcro shown our reporter. These wero all of tl-cm in pcrfcct condition. A piece wm shown of thrco gu.ncas, a crown ar.d a half crown, found in ono solid lump. Tho silver was in the ccntro, and by coming in contact with the gold, a sort of galvanic battery action had taken place, making tho wholo a compact mass. The effect upon va rious other metals and substances by their long submersion under water is worth no ting. Copper and lead is not changed; wrought iron loses in quantity, but retains in quality ; with cast-iron it is just the re verse, it retains its cntiro bulk but dimin ishca nearly one-third in weight. Wood shows tho depredations of worms. Coooa nut shell drinking-cup* look as sound as fresh ones. But it is not for them trifles or to noto the changes upon tho different arti cles submerged, that tho present company have thus far pursued and continuo pursu ing their work. Money—tho recovery of $1,800,000—is their solo aim and pursuit. The chief difficulty thus far encountered, is represented as being tho trouhlo of getting away tho decks and timbers of the vessel so as to gain access to tho hold. This difficulty is stated as now nearly removed, so that it is expected that what remains of tho trea sure unrecovcred will shortly bo removed.— Tho wholo timo of actual exploration varies from ono to three hours a day, and this dur ing but five months of tho year. It it owing to tbo peculiar situation of tho vessel and tho violent tides hero that no more time could bo expended in tho search. Tho com jxiny claim that tho ship Ims been alian doned by the British Government, and that they nro entitled to all they may recover from the wreck. It is hardly to bo pre sumed that their claim will bo disputed.. If enterprise and pcrsevcranco are entitled to any reward, tho present company richly merit all that they may gain from their pro tracted labors. The Teeth. We find in the Oahawa (0. W ) Vindica tor a report of a lecturo bj Dr. Lewis of Ohio, from which we tako tho following : The lecturer then went on to speak of the teeth, and the want of care bestowed upon theao important aida in tho digeetive proceaa. Itwaa found, upon microeoopio examination, that the unclean formation about the roota of the teeth called tartar, waa composed of inaectawho derived their auatenanco from the particle* of food that accumulate be tween the teeth, in the moutha of thoae who noglect to clean and purifj them after eat ing. Some peraooa «eem to imagine that tobacco juice ia an antidote to tho creature*, judging from the prevalence of the filthjr practice of chnting that nauanoua ward in ita dried atato. [laughter.] Tobbaoro juice ia certain!/ a moat violent poiaon to moat forma of animal life, bat he had known theae animalcules to be immened in tho atrongeat decoction of the tobacco plant, without apparent)/ producing the leaat in jurious effect upon them. Thej aeemed rather to enjoy the element bj which they were aarrounded, and thia conclusion would aaem to be forced upon the adentlfic mind bj the fact that tobacoo-ebewcre almoat in variably poaaeaa an excellent a to re of thia tartar commodity. By immerang thoee an imalcules in aaolution of Cbatile Soap, how ever, it waa found thej were inatontlj de atrojed. Hence be would recommend tbe uae of thia convenient and harmleaa prep aration, applied to tbe teeth, with a bruah, at l«Mt oaoe a day; after which the moutn abould be thoroughly rioted with pure wa ter. He would aUo urge, in the atrongcat terma, that no one should be unprovided with a good toothpick; and bj a good tooth pick, he did not mean a coatly one, in a commercial sense, made of gold, ill Ter, or anj other metal. The beet toothpick erer invented waa made of a simple gooee-quill. Get a quill, and with a knife you can con struct an article for jouraelf; one that is pliable enough to remove particles of mat ter from the tooth without injuring the en amel, and one which jou need loae no val uable timo in bunting for, ahould jou lose it. Make a dozen of them at a time, and then you need never bs without one. A tooth-brush will not enter the intoraticee of the toeth and remove the matter there lodg ed. And he would here illuatrato the ne ceasity for using a toothpick after every meal. The insido of the mouth, it is well known, is kept by the blood at a high tem perature of heat — about 90 degrees — warmer than tho liotest day in aumujer.— Now, orcry cook knowa the effect of expos ing a piece of froah meat to the roya of the aun, or of koeping it heated for a day or two; the incut spoila, and putrefuction is tho result. Hence the necesaity of remov ing portions from between our teeth, if we would prevent bad taste in our mouths. Gbkat Pedestrian Feat.—From our sporting correspondent.—Paddy Iloofs, the celebrated pedestrian, but better known at Lords,' and the rurious commons in tbo neighborhood of London as the " ' A miner smith Antolopo." is still carrying on his iierculeun feat of walking round a lady in full dress 100 time* in 100 consecutive days. Ho is now in his second week, and looks as fresh as when ho first started. There are bets to a considerable amount that Paddjr will nover he ablo to complcto his arduous undertaking. What makes it all tho more difficult is tho fact that a fresh lady is sub stituted every day. It has been observed that tho dreMses of theso various ladies, in stead of decreasing, aro actually getting bigger nnd bigger almost every week. What the site, therefore, will be before the most clastic imagination snaps, liko an overstretched piece of India rubber, in it« vain efforts to comprehend. It is also fear ed tlit there will bo no open space largo enough in tho vicinity of tho metropolis to admit of tho experiment, as soon as it has expanded to its fullest demensions, being fairly tried. In tho meantime, howovor, Paddy displays uncommon pluck. Ilis un failing good humor and chccrfulncta under his trying labors, such as would exhaust tho oldest and worst paid postman of St. Martins-lo-grand, win smiles af approval oven from tho fairest ramparts. Wo wish the brave fellow ovory success, and shall from week to wook make a point, or soveral points rather, of recording tho onward march of his irontipped bluchers and un daunted perseverance. Punch. Kdtino Arrua tor Wintw.—Applet ire kept through winter—1. By being laid in the floor in a cool cellar, with a light xjvering of straw, nnd air admitted from a lorth window, until it becomes bo cold us to endanger their freezing. 2. Hy being nacked in flour barrels, and headed up, and luffered to remain in open aheda until the icvererity of winter requires their removal o a cool dry cellar, where they aro to Iw aid in tiers on their aides. In aomo cases, ho apples, being wiped carefully, aro put in ;he barrels without any other aubstanoe.— [n other caaes, they aro packed in layers, with a light atratum of atraw, or dry «and( ow-dust, or chafT interposed, ao as to keep ;ho apples from touching ; and this, as far is I haro observed, is tho best plan. 3. Many rurmere make a cavo of lx>arda in their yards >r gardens, and fill it with apples, covering it over with earth, nnd admitting the air by means of a atovo-pipo- In thia case, raro >ught to be taken to prevent the earth from touching tho apples, and sufficient drains nape around it to carry off the water.— This method succeeds well, and apples are thus preserved till late in tho spring. A fourth way is to lay tho fruit on shelves in tho collar, but it is difficult in most places to Itoep the mta out; thia vermin very often inako sad destruction, as I have experienced more than.onco.—•'" II. " in the country Urn 'etnan. The only Free 8tate Officer in Kansas Bemoved. •• Win. Brindle, receiver of publio mon ojs in Kanaaa, vico Shoemaker romorcd.M Tho above announcement of tho removal of Thos. C. Shoemaker, tbeouljr Freo State federal office-holder in Kanaaa Territory, ia another blow-aimed bj the Executire against freedom of spoech and opinion in Kansas Territory. Mr. Shoemaker wu a Democrat from II linois, and as a friend of Judgo Douglas, was appointed aa Receiver of Public Mon oja bj thia Adminiatration. Mr. Shoema ker ia the aolitarj and honorable ezoeption to the federal officeholders in the Territory, henoo he has been removed for daring to ponist in bis devotion to fraodom and tho exercise of aquatter sovereignty, enunciated in the Kansas-Nebraska bill. Mr. Shoemaker will take the stump in Il linois, and will return to KansM, and bo reinstated in tbe office from which be lias been ejected. Kansas will call for bis re ins tatm en t and restoration after tbe final condemnation, this (all, of this Administra tion. A Kixui Max. Octobrb Eucriows.—The State election in Florida take place on the 6th of October.— The state elections in Ohio, Pennsylvania, Indiana, and Booth Carolina, will be held October 14. Tbees will be the but skirm ishes prior to tbe grand pitched battle oo |be 4th of November. wncn we nunca uora, October Marching tm I he treet, And naked he*the ihlrering viae; While dimly o'er the dutant mm The lading light* of *uuioMralune. Aloof the lawn IM negro blows Deep aummoo* on hi* noon-day bom, And bomewtnl troop I be guia tad beau Prom bu*kingof the corn. 1 nind me well that autumn day, ' When fire and twenty year* ago, We turned oar labor into plaj, And hu*ked the com for a< ighlior Lowe. Ab! wife, we were the blithest pair That e'er to>*eded lore were born; For 1 wugay'and jroe were Mr, A hu»kiig of tbe corn. Oh! .liow we auug and how we laughed ! Our bMru oat lightly on our lip*, A* we the gulden cider quailed. And pa*»ed the howl with rUtic quipa. And when *ly bint* of love went round, Yon glanced at me with poutiog arorn, Yet untied, though you fain would frown, A bu*king of the corn. Then when I found the waHet ear, And claimed the old tiaditioned ki»», You hade me not approach too near, And pleaded that, and pleaded thi*— Away you fled, and I pursued, Till all too faint you were to warn, And know you not bow well I wooed A hulking of the corn * Mainf. ix Norunn. Tim Boston Chron iclo lia.« fclio following remarks on tho I)em ocratic chimera of carrying Maine in Novem ber: 11 It has been Raid, we must suppose fu<v tiously, that the Democrats of Maino will note rally, go to work, and carry their Stat*, in November! Having ascertained the I strength of their enemy, (which, indeed, they have, in tho fullest and most unsatis factory manner.) they know just what in neewsary to bo done, to enahlo thein to get their State's electoral rote for Buchanan.— Their knowledge on this point is indisptiti hie, but it is not that kind of knowledge which is said to bo power. It belongs to the class of useless knowledge, unlcm it Ik useful to a party to know that it Inw lwen beaten past all chance of revival, and so they can save their money and their lalwr. Tho Democrat* have no more chanco in Maine than the Republicans in Virginia. Wo nay this without in tho least meaning to ca^t any reflection on their courage. It is vim ply impossible for them to recover their lost ground. In 1840 they lost Maino at their State station by 2*H) majority. They went confidently to work to overthrow that major ity, but failed, l>cing lieaten in Novomlier bf 400 majority. Wliat enn th*y expoct now, with a majority seventy times n* great against them ? Nothing except what they will receive—a thorough beating, let them work never so hard. Maino wus alwny* suru for Fremont, though sotno had doubt* as to tho result of tho Stato election, but, as now appears, thoso doubts were without foundation. Tho only question now is a* to the amount of tho Fremont mt^jor.ty. It wouldn't 1m a lud idea to hiro Choato to write n letter attacking all liberty and so got a majority of fifty thousand." A Ghkat Ciungi.—The Worcester Pa!la Jium, hitherto ono of tho staunchcst pillars if thd Democracy in Mas*ielisotts, but which now advocates tho election of Fremont and Duytun, in its issue of this week says.— 14 When President Fierce went to Washing ton, in March, 1853, ho left tho democratic [Kirty of New Kngland, as elsewhere, strong ind united. After an aWnco of three year* ind n half, he comes luck to find it broken ind scattered: its majorities gono in the states, whero it iuid them; and its forty ilmost" crushed out " in States whero it liad no majorities. The inquiry must nat urally suggest itself to him: Who ha lono this; and who is msponsiblo for it? Rut ono answer can be given. It wns they ivho broke down tho Missouri Compromise, ind committed tho party to tho schemes of tho propagandists of sluvery," HTJi'wjk Clairbornk, or Louisiana, woll known in tho*) part# ax Judgo Did Claiborne, wa* a parish magistrate, wh«i cwnjcd a eceptrj like a dun pot, usually dis pensing jiu/ior, but putting his own inkt prvtutionn on tlia law. Among other du^R devolved on liitn was tint of auctioneer.— He sold all the propertj in the pariah that oome under the hammer. It happonnd on one occasion, while aolling out the property of a deceased grocer, that an unruly pariah oner diaturbed the order of buaineaa by hia noiao and nonaenae. The auctionoer, in the person of the judge, fined him fifty dollar*, and aent him to jail Tor contempt of court! An application waa mode hy an attorney ta remit tho fine and reloaae the priaoncr, A the ground that it waa no contempt of court, aa the judge, when fulfilling tho dutiea of auctioneer, waa not a court, and therefore not liable to oontcmpt. Tho judge immedi ately draw himaelf up with all hi> dignity, and replied to the lawyer: " Sir, I'll let you know that I am judgo of thia pariah; judge all tho time . judge from the riaingof theaun to the going down there of and rising again ; and, aa auch, I am al ways, and everywhere, an otjtct of contempt." •• I agree with your honor, and withdraw the application," aaid the attorney; and the man had to make an apology to get oat. Moral Scikxci and Slavrrt. writer in the Richmond Enquirer aaya: i'JZrtrrj true Virginian and Southern man iat^w convinced thai alavery is an institu tion of God and the Bible, and that it M neither 'a moral nor a political evil.' While we are making laws for the suppression of incendiary publications, we are tolerating, in high places, a northern book little bet ter, which is placed in the hands of oar yoath of both sexes, as a test-book in Rich mond Collage and in the Richmond Female Institute. Many parents who Mod their children to these institutions are not aware of the abolition doctrines of Wayland's Mor al Scieooe. The Rev. Francis Way land is known at bone aa a violent fanatical aboli tioniat, and yet hi* book containing strong abolition doctrinca, ia put into the hand* of our youth. If tho people of Richmond caa tolerate such a book in the ha ode of their children, the people of Virginia and the South cannot and will not. boo chapter on Slavery, page 200-5, Way land'* Moral Science." VOICE OF THE I. 7. PRESS. THE TIDE RIM NO t The Maine Election add* to the unmi* takablo evidence—already palpable on (iiwjf ■ide thai the IVmideotial contest ia no longer in tho handa of politician**—that tho Piorui have taken hold of the nutter them aclvea, and that a Popular tide ia riaing which will *weep the whole country, and prostrate every obstacle and every barrier by which party politician* may attempt to bar iu way. Iowa, Vermont, Main*, have all given prodigious majoritica for the cauao of Free dom. Their votes am not of special im portance per se,—but, a* indications of pub lic opinion,—aa demonstrations of the count and tendency of tho political sentiment In all the Free States,—tlioy ara of the utmoat significance. The great mam of their voting population,—immense majorities of their |M<oplo,—aro trampling upon all tho old party divisions, ignoring all other issue*, and rallying in defence of the Conatitutional libertie* of tho Republic. They have been roused to energy and life, and united action, by the unparulled outrage* of the Federal Government,—by the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, by the invasion and conquest of Kansas, by tho enactment of the infamous luws which blot her Statuto book, by tb« employment of the Federal Army in tho en forcement of those laws, and tho horrid murders, roblieries, and nameless outrages, which havo raraged the plains and desolated the new homes of that vast and fertilo terri tory* Their instinct traces all these enor mities to thoir rightful cauao,—the deter mination In extend Slacery, and to make the Slave power supremo. Tho samo influences which hare moved men in Maino must movo men everywhere. Precisely tho same conviction* prevail, with •<qiuil strength, among tho freemen or Illi nois, of Pennsylvania and New Jem*/, an l thejr will ho followed by precisrly the uuii results. Mousing politicians may count noses, an I figure out results, and prcdict groat Victoria* on thin sido or that:—hut tho Dwell of tho tide will hlot out all their landmarks,—tho election returns will do. molish their arithmetic and confound all their expectations.—jV. Y. Times. Tho Editor of tho New York Tribuno is juhiLint. Ho commence* an article upon thirf subject as follows : " 'Maino ha* settled tho boundary que* tion between Lil>erty and I)«|K)ti«n,' said Judih Hammond in 1840, announcing in .Vutional Hull the Harrison triumph at tho Maino State Election of that yeur. Then Maine wo* luroly eurriod, whether at tho Stato or tho Presidential election. Tho inlluenco of this victory on other Freo State* must bo great. Wo need no longer distrust Illinois or Indiana. The ball it rolling irresistibly, and will gather farm up to the idee of November. Clear tho way." Tho Now York Heruld says : " This result is another great factsbowirg tho drift of tho current now rushing for ward in favor of an entire revolution in tha present wicked government of this ooantry. All New England, New York, and tho en* (ire Northwest, may now bo sot down in tu tor of Fremont. There will ba no content anywhere in the free States cxcept in Penn sylvania or New S>'r*ey, and theao can bo tfiumphuntly carried fur Fremont by action, action, action. So wo go." The Now York Courier says : " So much for tho ignominious union of tho Straight Whigs with tho Bogus Demo crat*—und so much for the letter of Rufua Choate, and tho Missionary lalt>>rs of Spea. Iter Cobb and Scnatol Benjamin. Relshaz tur had not a clearer warning of his ap proaching doom, than has tho covcnaut lirmking, slave-driving Democracy of this preoent day." Tiibiut to Assamixati Col. Faniojrr, it lis is Klected.—The following mild and hu mane au£g*»tion ie from a correspondent of the Charleston standard. " The experience of Col. IJrooka lias ahown that the popular heart is ready to respond to any act in vindication of the South; it lias alruidj shown that the occa •ion for such an act will certainly ocoar, if men are prompt to moot them—in Congress ■ if n >t upon our own soil—and even in the Lrueent condition of public feeling, I am Perfectly assured that while no bout hern Ljlatc, perhaps, may be rradr to withdraw flrom the Union upon the election of Mr. Fremont, not one regiment in the Southern tiate!\at would not frtng to de fend the one thai xcould ttnke the mucreaut down about the pillar I of the rapitol It is not long since the state of South Carolina presented asworluo Col.Gremont. What has made him " a miscreant " aioos k OT A terj urrenfflUitatinn has been re* oeirod by lion. Israel Washburn to tike part as one of the speaken in tbe decisire campaign now going on in Penniylrania. We understand he baa responded to (be call, although bis attention is tmjr mueb needed at home in his own bosineas and fam ily affairs. He will tears to-day or to-mor row, as we learn.—Bangor whtg. Tbe Republican Contention, jmtar da*, was one of the fullest and moat respect* able ever held in tbe State. It oomprtad men of all shades of politioal opinion upon previous questions, but all brought, together ot tbe absorbing interest of tbe great ques tions of the daj, which has omtlfrown all the ancient harries of party, and tmlted the Muds of free labor, or tbe conatltation and the Union, in one common effort.—Provi dence Journal. LuicimB, Pa., Oct. 1. The Fremont meeting hers to-day was an immense demonstration. Delegations were presant from allparts of the ooontry.— There were abonut 1000 carriages ond 600 boreemen on the ground. Senator Hamlin of Maine, was among the speakers.