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Literary cadet and Rhode-Island statesman. [volume] (Providence, R.I.) 1827-1829, September 01, 1827, Image 1

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YOI.. 11.
Wo 9, Murket-Square, Providence, R. I.
TERMS. ~FOUR DOLLARS per annum. To those who pas in
B lvuuce for a year, a deduction of Filty Ceats willbe wude, Single
papers twelve coins, '
fr.m Contauuications must be addressed 1o the publishers, post
age paid.
OF every description, executed at this Of
fice, at the shortest notice, ‘and in the
heatest style. August 29,
RV THE steam boat Lo~a
b 2 Brancu will leave Prov-
LEa ey _SShEagidence for New-York, on
i 3 ['icsdays and Saturdays,
-at 1 o’clock, P. M. until further notice. Re
turning, the Long Branch will leave New-
York, every Thursday and Sunday afterneon at
4 o’clock, for Providence.
For excellent accommodations, stillness of
machinery, and swifiness of sailing, this boat
is not surpassed by any in the sound,the Wash
ington excepted. Y
P. S. The Long Branch will make a few
trips to and from New York, before she re
sumes her station on the New' London Liue
for the winter. August 29,
STEAM BOATS Wasiuaneron, Capt. E.
§. Bunker; Coxnecricur, Capt. Com
stock; and FurLrown, Capt. R. S. Bunker.—
One of the above boats, will leave for New
York, every Sunday, Tuesday, Wednesday,
Thursday and Sat irday, at 10 o’clock, A. M.
The Washingion’s regnlar days of starting,
are Sundays and Wedaesdays, at 10 o’clock,
A. M. The Fulton or Connecticut, will leave
on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday.
July 4.
Fare rednced to 1,50 from Providenee to
' Boston.
THE Citizen'’s Coach Company have used
. und are still using their utmos! endeavors
toran the Commercial Line ofi'of the road, that
they may have an opportunity of ugain doom
ing passengers to pay themn three dollars for a
passago to Boston. But it seems the public
are determined to defeat their object by the
patronage they give the Commercial Line.
: s"Stages will leave Providence every morn
ing at 7 o’clock. Books kept at Wilder's,
July 14. A. FULLER.
Thc propricetors of the Providence and Paw
tucket Post Coach, respectfully inform the
f{flblic, that they have purchased of My, Simon
. Arnold, all his right, title and interest in
thé Pawtucket Dilizence, and have placed on
the road between Providence and Pawtucket,
a POST COAf'H, which will run every day,
(Sundays excepted,) as follows:
The Post Coach will leave Providence at 8
o'clock, 12 o’clock’ 3 o’clock, and at half
past 5 o’clock; and will leave Pawtucket at 9
o’clock, 10 o’clock, half past 1 o’clock; and at
half past 5 o’clock. Books kept at Wilder's
Manuficturer’s Hotel, and at Clarke’s Inn,
Providence, and at Edwards’ Hotel, (late
Hodges’) and at Blake’s, Pawtucket.
FArE 12 1-2 cents for those passengers who
are taken at the several houses at which the
books are kept in Providence or Pawtucket,
and landed at the regnlar stage houses in either
of the places. Those who wish to have the
#tage call for them at their places of residenco,
will be charged 25 cents: way passengers,
that is to say, those who may take passage on
the road will be charged 12 1-2 cents
May 2, E. BLAKE, JAgent.
Head Quarters, o Bripade, P. I. Mililia,
Al Smiihfield, August 3d, 1427, ;
I‘HE Tegiment composng the 2d Brigade,
will ineet for inspection and review on
the following days, viz.
The seventh Regiment, ' commanded by
Col. George Walker, on the !13th day of Sep
teinber. .
The fourtecenth Regiment, commanded by
Col. Benoni Harris, on the 14th day of Sep
tember. .
The second Regiment, commanded by Col,
John Church, on the 15th day of September
The sixth Reginent, commanded by Col,
Palemon Walcott, on the 27th day of Scptemn
The twellth Regiment, commanded by Col.
Eddy Koech, on the 28th day of Septemnber.
Thae thirteenth Reogiment, commanded by
Col. Seamans Davis, on the 20th day of Sep
By order of Hrigadier General Grorae L.
Barves, . L
August 18, Major and Inspector of Brigade,
S.\“UEL J. BOWER, Sign Painter and
Gilder, has removed to the Hamilton Buil
ding, 3d story, over Mr. Franklin Richmond s,
and opposite Muossse. Low K& Fonner's, Mar
ket-street, where Sign and Ormamental Paint
ng, and Gilding, will be done in the best man
ner. Gt. Aug. 4.
WILL be sold, on the 4th of September,
a House, at present improved as a
Tavern, together with 4 Barn, und three fonrthe
of an acre of land, on which it stands, There
is a Bakery attached to the house; and the
Estate is vory pleasantly situated for public
Cyventry, Angust 2} te
HAVING taken the spacious stores Nos.
i 60 and 60 1-2, Westminster-street, and
fitted it up in an_appropriate and convenient
manner, the subscriber would respectfully in
form his (riends and customers, that he will at
all times be happy to wait upon them in the
line of his profession, at the Music Saroon;
and being determined always to keep on hand,
a large assortment of the best! Musical Goods;
he earnestly solicits from them and the public
generally, a liberal share of patronage.
Ladies will find the Music Saloon suitably
adapted for their conveniente, in the selection
and practice of Music—having a room appro
priated exclusively for that purpose. Prano
Forres of the best tone and workmanship,
will be constantly keept on hand for practice,
and for sale, a the lowest prices. Music in a
great variety, for the Piano Forte and other
mstruments, will be always had, to which, ad
ditions will be made of al! the new and popu
lar pieces, as fast as they are published; al
pieces called for, and not upon the catalogue,
siull be shortly obtained without additional
expense. . E
Societies, Bunds, and dealers in Musical
Goods, can be accommodated with these ar
ticles (having made arrongements for the im
portation of the principal part of them) of tLe
best quality, and at the lowest prices,
Almost every article in the musical line,
will be found at the Music Suloon, where all
orders will be gratefully received and pune
tually attended io. L. D. CHAPIN.
August 15, tf.
}I \VE removed from their former stand,
to the bouse No. 74, Westiminzster-St,,
where they will be happy to wait on their cus
tomers, August 18,
THE subscriber having taken that largeand
commodions Heuse, herctolore well
known in the occupaiion of Mr. Sanford Hor
ton, and fitted it up in handsowze style, hopes
for encouragement, and invites his friends and
the public to call on him,
He assures his friends and the public that
cvery exertion shall be made to fuinish his
house with the greatest variety that can be
procired, s bar oot all (ines be stored
with the bost Wines and Liquors,and he bapes
by stiention and industry in ks bosiness to
meet with that encovrogement, which may be
expected fom a hloral community
Augusi 20 tf.
No. 7, Marxknr SQUARE,
Hes just opened,
1 02 Pieces of blue, Ick, olive,brown,
stee!, slate Oxford, and hureshack
mixed Cloths. Aleo, 1 case super light, mixed
Cassiteres; 1 do do drab do; 1 bale mixed
Paddings; Ido red do; 1 do Buckramj; 1 do
red Flannels; 1 case blue sewing Silk; 1 do
super London Twists; 1 do Brown Linens; 2
do Suspender Buttons. All of which are of
fered for sale at the (owest market prices by
the package, piece or yard, for cash or good
paper. August 29,
'EHE subscriber having jnst completed his
spacious flonting Bathing House, respec
fuily informs the ladies and gentlemen of Prov
idence and its vicinity, that he has located it
in the cove, near the-foot of Hydraulion strect,
and in the rcar of the Exchange Bank. The
building is provided with every convenience;
will stand off where the current is pure, and
will be entered over a safe floating bridge; and
from its vetired yet central situation, it cannot
fail to invite the company of those whe prac
tice cold water bathing. The apartments of
the ladies and gentlemen are zeparated in an
eftectual manner, and thoese which are appro
priated for the tormer, will not, under any cir
cumstance, at any time, be occupied by gen
Careful and attentive persons will be engag
ed to wait on those who may patronize this es
tablishment, and a female will always be in at
tendance for the ladies.
The subscriber having at much expense pre
pared this comfortable honse for those dispos
el to enjoy the luxury of the cold bath, or
shower bath, flatters himself that he shall be
liberally rewarded by the patrohuge of gen
erons public,
Terms.—Season tickets, £3; single ticket,
12 1-2 cents; ten tickets, &1,
The house will be open from smerise till 9
o’clock in the eveming, except Sundavs, on
which day it will close at 9 o’c'ock, A. M.
EER. ABADIE respeetfully informs the
i public that s second course of lessons
will commense next weel-=los room 18 direct-
Iv over Mr. Enoch Steere’s store Cheapside,—
Tnformation will be given at Messrs, Huatchens
& Cory’s Book store, or at his roon.
August 4,
“7!‘2‘[;l! undersiopnod, having been afilict
ed with that dreadtul dizonse, a CAN
CER, have severully been attonded, and as
we believe, permanently cured, by r. AARON
Axnrews; we therefore do most cheerfully
recommend all those affiicted with this diseasc
and with WENS, to eall on him, as we believe
that his method of cure is performed in nuch
less tune-——more safe, and worg sure, and with
far iess pam to the patient, than by the
usn of the knife, or any other method yet
within our knowledge. Reference may be
made be had of ¢ither or each ot ug, by ealling
at our places of abode or hnsness,
John Laughton, Distil-honse square,
Levi Whitney, corner of Derne street,
John W er, Temple street,
Joceph Stevens, Summer sirect,
Ezra Chamberlain, Distil-honse square.
Samuael Abbot, No., 11, Pitts honze,
Ds. AARON ANDREWS, No. 18, Warren
gt Boston,whero he may be found every morn
ning. from 7 to 10 o’clock. Has of late found
a sure eure for GRAVEL., The medieiné is
simpic and easy to take, August 29,
A".l."‘fN & BELOHER have received, and
are covstantly receiving, Smith's cele
beated Bench Plaine; Moulding Tools; Grove
Plonghs of all kinds, with ironstitted to them,
ready for use. Also, a general assortment of
Hardware, which will he sold on favorable
ferme Aot 29
No work, which has made its appearance in
this country, for the last fifty years, has been
sought after with more avidity than this, and,
certainly, none has been found more interest
The author, Sir Walter Scott, commenced it
with the evident intention of following the
plain historical style of Hume and Gibhon;
but he soon relapsed into his wonted carcless
ness; and too often is far more prolix than
Jinteresting. The cause of this fault may very
Justly be ascribed, to that careless habit, which
is easily acquired by *“ a ready writer,”’—und
no man who has written so much as the au
thor of the Waverly’s, can well aveid it.
Taking the production, *“ all and in all,’” it
may be pronounged exceedingly valuable and
interesting; and theugh it possess faults, the
thousand important events it illustrates, will
uidoubtedly sccure it a place, in the library of
every literary gentleman.
At the close of the lust volume, the author,
in imitation of the manner of Hume, aflords his
readers, a sketch of the person, manners and
habits of Napoleon, which in a moment ortwo
wo ghall proceed io copy. The sketeh is full
of interest, and atiords a concise history and
illustration of a man, who, whilst at the zenith
of his career, was equally the admiration and
terror of the world. In his ambitious marches
he outstripped the glory that surrounded the
brow of u Cwsar and an Alexander; and whilst
he acnieved deeds of mighty daring, that al
most set credulity at defiance, he conquered
nations, as il they were but imbecile comuuni
ties, and parceled out kingdoms at his pleas- |
ure. i!is ambition knew no bounds; and not
content with the acquisition of the first honors
that a great nation ceuld afford, he looked
forward for the subjugation of the whole world,
and struggled ¢, compel mankind to bow be
fore Lis seeptea, und to kneel ot his nod, His ‘
insatiuble ambition produced his downtiils and,
he, ~Lo was the ‘error of the world, at lust,
& captve,in a poson house, bieathed his Difc
out as u slave. 4
But as we find that we are occupying too
much of the readers’ time, we wll instantly
copy the extract of which we before spoke, and
which is a farhful portraiture of the once
mighty, but now prostrate Napoleon,
“ Arrived at the conclusion of this momen=
toue nariative, the reader may be disposed to
pause a moment to reflect on the chnracter of
that wonderful person, on whom fortune show
erad so many tuvours in the begmning and
through the middle of his career, to overwhelm
its close with such deep and unwonted alilic
‘ The external appearance of Napoleon was
“not imposing at the first glance, his stature be
ing only five feet six inches English. His per
son, thin in youth, and somewhat corpulent in
age, was rather delicate than rebust in out
ward nppearance, but cast in the mould most
capabl. of enduring privation and fatigue. He
rode nngracefully, and without the command
of his horee which distinguishes a perfect cav
alier; so that he showed to disadvantage when
riding beside such a horseman as Murat, Bat
he was fearless; sat firm in his seat, rode with
rapidity; and was eapable of enduring the ex
ercise for a longzer time than most men. We
have already wentioned his ind:ficrence to the
quality of lus food, and his power of enduring
abstinence, A morsel of food, and a flusk of
wine hung at his saddle bow, unsed in his cur
lier campaigns, to support hin for days. In
hig latter wars, he uvsed a carriage more fre
quently; not as has been surmised, from any
particular illness, but from feelmg in a frame
so constantly in exercises, the premature ef
fects of age.
The countenance of Napaleon is fanitlinr to
almost every one froru desceription, and the
portraits which are found every where. The
dark-brown hair bore hittle marks of the atien
tions of the toilette. The shape of the coun
tenance approached more than is usual in the
human race to a square. s eyes were grey,
and full of expression, the pupil rather large,
and the eyebrows not very strongly marked.--
The brow and npper j @t of the conntenance
was rather of a stern character. His neseand
mouth were beautifully formed. The upper
Lip was very short, The teeth were mdifior
ent, but were hitle shown in speakimng.* s
smilo possessed uncommon sweetness, and s
gsinted to have bheon nresistible, The complex- 1
ion was a clear olive, oilierwise i general col
lourless. The prevailiug character of his coun
tenance was grave, even fo melun holy, but
without any signs of severity « vielence, Af
ter death, the placidity aud dignity of express
jon whieh continied 1o acenpy the features,
rendered them enmacntly beant ' tid, and the ad
miration of all who loeked on them.
Such was Napoleon's exterior. lia person
al and private chiracter were perfectly amia
ble, excopting in one partienlur. His temper,
when he rcceved o thovght he teenived prove
ocation, eepecially if of w persoral character,
was warm snd vindetive, He wus bowever,
placable in the case even of lLis encinies, pro
viding that they submitted to his march; but
i had not that species of generosity which re
gpects the sincerity of o manly and fuir oppo
nent, On the other hand, no one was a more
liberal rewarder of the attachment of lis
friends. He was an execllent hushaod, a kind
relation, and, unless when state pelicy infer
vened, a mest affoctionate brather, Gen,
Gourgand, whose commnnications were not in
every case tu Napeleon’s advantage, state
him to have been the hest of masters, lahoor
ing to assist all his domestics wherever it Ly
in his power, giving them the highest credit
for such talents as they actually pessesced,
and irapnting, in some instances, good quali
ties to.such as Liad them not,
There wag gentlenes<, and evon sen«ibility,
in his charactor. Ho was affected when he
rode over the felds of battle, which his ambi
tion had strowed with the desd and the dymg,
and seemed not only desirous to relieve the
. ———
AWhon at St Helena, he was mneh tronhlod wih
" (4'_'!‘.-/]." -n.“ qUnrv Y m tha ‘.",,..,
victims, issning for that purpose dircctions
which too oficn were not, and ceuld not be
obeyed, but subject to the influence of that
more acute and imaginative species of sensi
bility. He mentions a cireumstance which in
dicates a deep sense of fecling. As be {muod
over a ficld of baitle in Italy, he saw a house
less dog lying on the body of his slain master.
The creature came towards them, then re
turned to the dead body, mouned over it piii
fully, and secmed to ask their assistance.—
* Whether it were the feeling of the moment,”
continued Nupoleon, ¢ the scene, the hour, or'
the circumstance itself, I was never so deeply
affected by any thing which 1 have seen upen
a field of battle., That man, [ thouglt, has
rcrhup» Lad a house, friends, comrades, and
ere he lies doserted by every one but his dog.
How mysterious are the improssions to which
we are subjeet 1 was in the habit, without
emotion, of ordering buttles which must decide
the fate of a campaign, and could loek with a
dry eye | @the execution of manauvres which
must be ¥#ended with much loss, and here 1
was moved nay painfully affected; by the cries
and the gricf of a deg.” It is certain that at
that mowcut [ would have becn more accessi
ble to a suppliant enemy, and could better un
derstand the conduct oly Achilles in restoring
the body of Hector to the tears of Priam.”'®
The ancedote at once shows that Napoleon
possessced a heart amenable to human feelings
and that they were usually in total subjection
te the stern precepts of military stoicisin, It
was common and expressive phrase, that the
heart of a politician should be in his head, but
his feelings sometimes surprised him in a gon
tler mood,
| A caleulator by nature and by habit, Napo
leon was fund of order, and a fricnd to that
moral conduct in which order is best exempli
fied. The libels of the day have made some |
' scandalous averments to the contrary, but
swilhout adequate foundation. Napoleon re
spected himself too much, and understood the
value of public opinion teo well, to have
plunged into general or vague debauchery.
Cousidering his natural disposition, then, it
t may be assumed that if Napeleon had contin
| ued in the vale of private life, and no strong
temp ation of passion or revenge crossed his
path, he must bave Leen generally regarded as i
one whose friendship was every way desirable, i
and whose enmity it was not safe to incur. i
~ But tke opportunity aflorded by the times,
~and the elasticity of his own great talents,
~both military and political, raised him with un
exampled ceierity to a sphere of great power,
and at least equal temptation. Ere we con
sider the use which he made of his ascendan
ey, 'ot us briefiy review the causes hy which it
Cwas accompilished,
The consequences of the revolation, howev- 1
er fatul to private fumilies, were the means of
tilling the camps of the nation with armies of
a deser’ption which Europe had never seen be
fore, and it i« to be hoped, will never witness
again. There was neither safety, honer, nor
almost subsistence, in any other profession,
and accordingly it became the refuge of the
best and bravest of the youth of France, until
the army ceased to consist, as in most nations,
of the miserable und disorderly class of the
community, but was levied in the body and
bosom of the state, and composed of the flow
¢r of France, wlether as regarded health,
moral qualities, of elevation of mind. - With
such men, the generals of the republic achiev
ed many and great victories, but without being
able to ensure corresponding advantayes.
This may have been in a great measure occa
sioned by the dependence in which the gene
rals were held by the various administrators of
the republi + at home; a dependenco account
ed for by the necessity of having recourse to
the government at Paris for the means of pay
ing and supporting their armies. I'rom the
time that Napoleo:spassed the Alps, he invert
ed this state of military dependence, and made
the newly conquered countries not only main
tain the army by means of contributions and
confiscations, but” even contribute to support
the French goverrment. Thus war, which had
hitherto been a burden to the republic, be
came in his hands a source of public revenne;
whilst the vouthtul gencral, contributing to the
income of the state, on which his predecessors
had been dependent, wasenabled to assert the
independence at which he speedily aimed, and
correspond with the Directory upon a footing
approaching to equality. His talents as w f
soldicr, and sitnation as a vicloriens general
soun raiced him from equality to pre-emi- l
Fhese talents applied not less te the gene
ral arrangements ot the eampaign, than te the
dispositens for actual battle. In each of
these great departments of war, Napoleon was
not merely a pup.l of the most approved mas
ter of the art-—Le was an improver, an inho
vator, and an inventor.
In strategie, he applied upon a gizantic scale
those principles which Frederick of Prussia
had acted upen, and gained a capital ora
Kkingdom, )\'ln:n Frederick would have won a
town or a province. [llis system was, of
conrse, that of assembling the greatest possi
ble foree of lus own upon the valuerable point
of the encimy’s position, paralyzing, perhaps,
two parts of their army, whilst he cut the third
to picees, ard then following uvp his pesition
by destroying the remainder in detail. For
this purpose, he taught generals to divide their
armies upon the march, with a viev te celeri
ty of murement, and facility of supply, and fo
} unite them at the moment of contest, where
an attack would be more feehly resisied, be
cause least expeeted, For tius, also, he first
“threw as=ide all species of baggage which could
possibly be dispensed with - sunplied the want
of magazines by the contributions oxacted trom
iLe country, or collected [-om individuals by
a regular system of maranding —«dizcontinued
the use of tepte, and trasied te bivonaeking
with his soldiers, where hamle's eonld no! be
forund, and there waz no time ‘o erect hats
His system was ruinous in point of lives, for
aven the military hospitals were often dspens
od with. Bat although Morean termed Napo
leon a conquerar at the rate of ien thousand
men a day, vet the saerifice for o longth of
time uniformaly attained the objeet for which
it was destancd. The enemy who had remain
ed M their extensive cantonmen's, distracted
hy the reports of var ous colomunsg moving n
diflbrent fllnv\rt.nn--'. were surprised and defoat
ed by the united force of the Frenchy which
hiad formned a junction where and when it wae
least expeeted. It wasnot till they had learn<
ed the art of withdrawing from his attack go
won as made, that the allies learned to defeat
the efarts of his moveable colnmns,
Napolcon was not less original as a tactician
than as a s'rategist, Tlis manauvres on the
ficld of hattle had the prompiness and decfeion
of the thonderholt, I the actual shock of
conflict, as in the preparations which he had |
¢ e VLT e, 240 0. B 1
made for bringing it on, his object was te
amuse the enemy upon many poiuts, while he
oppressed one Ly wn unexpected force of num:
bers. The breaking through the line,the tarn.
ing of a flank, which had been his object from
the commencement of the fight, lay usually dis
guised under a great number of previous de.
monstrations, and was not attempted until both
the moral and physical force of the enemy was
impaired by the length of the combat, It was
at this period that he brought up his goards,
who, impatient of inactivity, had becn held in
readiness for hours, and now, springing for
ward like volf-dog-, from the leash, had the
glonous task in which they rarely failed, of
deciding the long sustained contest. It may
he added, as characteristic gf his tacties, that
he preferred cmploying the order of the column
to that of the Line, perhaps on uccount of the
fuith which he might rest in the extreme valor
of the French officers by whoin the coluiun was
The intercst which Napoleon preserved in
the French soldier’s atfection by a frequent
dstribution of prizes and distiuctions, as well
as by his familiar notice of' their persons, and
attending to their wants, joined 1o s pusses
sion of absolute and independent command,
rendered it no ditheult matter tor him to secure
their support in the revoiution ef the eighteenth
Brumaire, and in placing him at the head of
affairs. Most part of the'nation were heartily
tired by this time of the continually unsettied
state of the government,and the various chang
es which it had experienced from the visionary
speculations of the Giroudists, the brutal and
bloody ferocity of the Jacohins, the sordid and
undecided versatility and imbecility ™of the
Directory; and the nation in general desired a
settled form of government, which, if less free,
ghould be more stable in duration, and better
calculated to assure to individuals the protect
ion of property and of personal freedom, than
those which had followed the downtall of a
monarchy. A successful general of a charae
ter more timid, or conscicnce more tender than
that of Napoleon, wight have attempted the
restoration of the Bouvrbons, But Napoleon
foresaw the difficulties whielh would occur by
an attempt to reconcile the recall of the emi
arants to the assurance of the national sales,
and aptly concluded that the parties which
tore France to picces, would be most readily
amalgamated togethier under the authority of
one who was In great iucasure a stranger to
them all.
Arrived at the posceseion of supreme power,
a height that dazzels and confounds <o many,
Napoleon seewmed only to ocenpy the station
for which hie was born, to which his peculiar
powers adopted him, and Lis b [lant carcer of
snecess gave hiny, under all circumstances, an
irresistible eclnim. e continued, therefore,
with calm mind and enlightened wicdom to
consider the means of reudering liis power sta
ble, of destroying the republicasn impulse, and
establishing a monarcliv, of which e destined
himself to be the mionarch, To wost ten the
attempt to revive,in fasour of a wilitary wd
venturcr, a form of govornment, which had
been rejected by what scemed the voice ot the
nation with umverssl accloin, would have
seemed an act ot desperation. Fhe parvizans
of the republic were able statesmen, and men
of superior talent, accustomed also to rule the
fierce democracy, and orgunize those intrigues
which had overthrown crowa and altar. It
was hardly to be supposed that such nien wauld
were it but for shamo’s sake, have seen their
ten years’ labour at once swept away by the
sword of a young though successtul gencral.
But Napoleon knew himseif and them, and
felt the confidence that those who had been as
sociates in the power acquired by former revo
lutions, must be uow content to sink into the
instruments of his advancement, and the sub
ordinate agents of his authority, contented with
such a share of spoil as that with which the
lion rewards the jackall.
To the kingdom at lirge, vpon every new
stride towards power, he showed the cortificate
of guperior efficacy guaranteed by the wost
signal success; and he assumed the enpire of
Franee underthe proud title Detur dignissime. |
Neither did his actions vp to this point encour=
age any onc to challenge the defects or flaws or
his title. In practice, lis government was bail- |
hantabroad, and, with fow exceptions, liberal |
and moderate at home. The abommable mur- |
der of the Doke d'Enghicn showed tho vindie- |
tive spirit of the eavage. Butin general the ‘
public actions of Napeleon, atthe commeunce
ment of his carcer, were highly laudible. Fhe |
battle of Marengs, with Its coneequences, the
softening of civil discord, the reconeliation ,
with the Chureh of Reme the reeall of the great |
body of the emigrants, the reviviticaton of Na- J
tional Jurispradence, were ail events caleulat- |
cd to flatter the imagination, uud even gain the |
affections of the nation. |
But with a dexterity peculiar to himeelf, Na
poloon proceeded, while abolishing the republie |
to press into his service those very democratical |
principles which had given rise to the revolution |
and encour ged the attewypt to fornd a com
monwealth, Hissagacity had not filed to ob- |
gerve, that the poplar ohjeetions to the ancient |
government were founded icss upon any oljec- ,
tion to the royvalauthori'y in itselfy than to a !
dishike, nmounting to detestation, of the pyivil- |
eges whieh it allofted to the nobles uud to the ;
clergy, who held, from birth an office, the right ;
to fill the superior ranks in every profession,and |
barred the competition of wil others, however |
Mxpflri')r mtert. When, thercfore, T\'.:puhon (
constructed his new form of monarchial goveru
ment, he wisely eon<:dered that he wasnot bke
a hereditary moaarcl,t cd down o any partiey- |
lar rales, nri ngout of ancent usege, but being 1
hitaso!tf eventor of the nower which he wielded, |
Le was at Lberty to model it aceording to s |
own pleasire. He had been raised also so cas- |
ilv to the thrane, by the reneral acknowledge
ment of Lii~ merits, that he did not need the as- ’
<iwtance of o party of hig own; conrequently,
being unliuited by previons engagements, atd |
by the necessity of gratifying old parfizans or |
.|;~q~ irmig new oenes, his (hioice was in a ver !
usual degree free and unlinited, ‘
Having, therefore, attained the smamit of |
human power, he proeeeded advisedly, and de- |
liberately, to lay the founduiion of his throne |
on that den.ocratie prine ple which had open- |
od his own careor, and which was the throw. |
ing open te merit, thouph withent further I.i|h-. {
the road 1o encecess in cvery department of the |
sate. This was the sceret key of Napnloon's
poliey, and he was ¢a well aided in the use of |
it, by acvte pereeption of chifracter, as well [
ns by good nature and good feel'ng, (both of |
which, in hi¢ cooler noments, Le | ossessed:) |
that he never, throvgh all lns vie ssitudos, lost b
an opportunity of conciliating and |\'enning the T
multitude by evineing a well-timed attention to |
d,slinz”ish .nml reward taleut., PFo ‘l'l“ h'-! dea |
conren perpatually alluded: aud for ||om'hc~ |
elaime, and 1= entitled (e, the h'!{hl‘!' praee f
We have little hesitation ju namning the open
na ofa Gl coreor 0l et ufevarv kind. a: tha
o | key-stone of his reputation, the main foonda
o | tion of his power. Unbappily, his love of mer
- ’ it, und disposition to reward it, were not found:
- { ed exclusively upon a patriotic altention to the
) 1 public welfare, l[:; less on a purely benevolent
- | desire to reward ‘what was praiseworthy, but
, ‘ upon a principle of selfish policy, to which
1 | must be ascribed a great part of m
s | success, no small portion of his mi ;
s | and almost all his political crimes:
, | We have quoted elsewhere, the deseription
» | given of the Emperor I;y his brother Lucien, in
-| @ moment, probably, of spleen, but which has
: | been nevertheless by almost all the persons
(| habitually conversant with Napoleon, at whom
'| we have had an opportunity of meaking inqui
| ries. ““ His conduct,"” nil his brother, *¢is
| entirely regulated by his policy, and his pdlicy
,| s altogether foundej upon egotism.”” No man
| perhaps, ever possessed (under the restrictions
| to be presently mentioned,) so intense a pro
| portion of that sclfish principle which is. so
| commion to humanity. It was planted by ne
ture in his heart, and nourished by the half
!munusfic, half' military edacation, whi fi s
| early separated him trom social ties— it was
- enconrgged by the consciousness of possessing
!talents which rendered him no mate for tIA:
| ordinary men among whom his lot scemed cas' .
| I and became a confirmed habit by the desolat
"1 condition in which he stood at his first onset 1}
: life, withont fricud, protector, or putron. T
| praize and the promotion he received, wero
| given to his genius, not to his pereon; snd i
[ Who was couscious of having forced bis 0w
| way, had little to bind him in gratitede or kird
ness 1o those who made room for him, becausen
they durst not oppose him. His ambition was
a modif cation of selfishness, sublime, indeed,
in its cffects and consequences, but vet, when
strictly analyzed, leaving little bat egotism in
the crucible.
Qur readers are not, however, to suppase
that the sclishness of Napoleon was of that
[ ordinary and odious character, which mak =
| men miserly, oppressive, and fravdulent in pre-
I vate life; or which under milder features, I -
| its their excrtions to their own individual prosit
| and claso the heart against feelings of patrio:.
I#m, or of cocial berevolence, Napoleon's
cgotism and love of self was of a far nobie:
and more elevated kind, though founded o
' similar motives, just as the wings of the cagl:
| who soars into the regions of the sun, movg o
the same principle with those which cuni
] bear the dung-lLill fowl over the pales of the
poultry yard.
| To explain ovr meaning, we may add, ().
: Napoleon loved France, tor France was his
own. ke siudied to confer benefits upon he
- for the profit redounded to her Emperor, wheti,
or she received amended institutions, or ¢n
lorged termnitorics, He represented, as e
! boasted, hLimsclf, the people us well as (he
Leovereign of France; he engrossed in his ovir
| petson her uumunities, her greatness, her gl
ry, and vwas bound to conduct himself o 0 as 10
extlt at the swwne time the Emperor and the
| crupire. Stll, Lowever, the sovereign and tie
[ state might be, and at length actually were,
- separated, and the egotistical character of Bo
| naparte could after that separation find amusu .
( ment and interest in the petty scale of Elba,
| to which Lis exc: lons were then limited,*—
| Like the magio teut, in the Arabian Tales, bis'
| faculties could expand themeclves to incloss
; { half a world, with all its cares and destinies,
| or could diminish so as to accommodate itself
| to the concerns of a petty rock in the Medit- .
~, erranean, and his own conveniences when he
Pshould refreat 1o its precincts. We believe,
that whilst France acknowledged Napoleon v«
| Emperor, he would cheerfully have laid down
| his life for her benefit, but we greatly doubt, if
| by merely raising Ins finger, he could have
; made her happy under the Bourbons, whetl (v
(unless the merit of the action had redounded
J to his own personal fame,) that finger would
| have been raised up. In a word, his feelings
| of self-interest were the central point of a cir
cle, the civenmference of which may be extend
ed or contracted at pleasure, but the centre
| rema’ns fixed and unebanged.
| Itisncedless to inquire how far thiz solicis
ous, nud we way add, enlightened attention 1o
| lits own interest facilitated Bonaparte’s ascent
|to the supieme power. We daily witness indi
| Viduals, posscssed of u very moderate prepor
| tion of parts, who, by intently applying them
selves 1o the prosecution of wome particulyr
object, without Yeing drawn aside by the calls
of pleasure, the seductions of indolence, or
- other interruptions, sueeced ultimately in at
gmininp the ahject of their wishes, When
therefore, we conceive the powerful mind «.—F
Napoleon, aniriated by an unbounded vivacit
of imagination, and an unconquerahle tenaci' v
of purpose, wovinz fornurds without deviatiers
of repose, to the accomplishment of its puirs
pose, which was nothing loss than te acquir ¥
the dotinion of the whole world, we canpo
be surpriscd ut the winiense Leight to whiclt
he raised himselr,
But the egotism which governed Lis actioms.
Subject always to the exereise of his excellent
cense and cultivation of s interest in the pibe
lie opinion, If'it in a great moosues flzvorclrfl o
suceess of his vawious entorprizes, ded lm in
the end much moie evil than gquod, as it ing'is
gated s mostydesperate enterprizes, and wi g
the sonrce of his mest incicucable actions.
Moderafe politiciang will agree, that aflef
the Tmperial evstem was substituted for the
Republican, the Chief Magistrate ovght tof
have assumed and exerted a consideralle
<irength of wuthority, in order to maintain thy ¢
reestablistiment of civil order, that protecticn
of the existing stute of things, which was nee<
cssary to teninipate the wild and changeful re
currence of perpetval revelutions. Had Na
poleon stopped here, his eonduet wonld havs
peen unblameable, and unblaned, vnless by
the more devoted ialiowers of the House of
Bourbon, against whom Providence appeared
to most men to have closed the gate nl’ restor
ation. But Lis principles of egotiem world rcf
he «atistied until he had totally destrored every
vestige of these free mstitutions, which had
been acquired by o' tlie perils, the bleod, tl.e
tears of' the Revalution, bad reduced France, -
save for the iwnfluerce of public opinion, to tha
condition of Constantinople er o;’ Algiers. It
wasa wicnt 16 raise up the thréne, it was not
vral that ke wihe did o chould himeelf ceevpy
1. ®inee in cedimgat 1o the Pourhons, | ¢ must
have hetrayed thowe at wlose hahds he ac
cepted power, but te plunder the nation of -
their privileges as free-Lorn wen, was the act
of n parricicde. V'he vat on lost under bie stiee
cossive encroachnents, what hbeety the an
cient government had left thew, and all thoss
righte wlich had been aequited by tha
revolution. Politicul fianchiees, individual in.
fereste, the property ofwonicipulitics, tle pro
grees of edueation, ut'n*wYm. of mind, nm’
contiment, all was veurped [ the gevomnmene
NO. 40.

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