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Literary cadet and Rhode-Island statesman. [volume] (Providence, R.I.) 1827-1829, September 08, 1827, Image 1

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LAICARARY GADEY ANMD BRERODR-ISHAND STANRSUEAN,
VOL. 1L
REODE ISLAND STATHSIAI,
PUBLISHED WEDNESDAY AND ZATURDAY MORNINGS, BY
SMITH & PARMENTER,
No 9, Market-Square, Providence, R. I.
TERMS.FOUR DOLLARS per annum. To those who pay. in
."",.:‘:'“.: {:::‘.'a deduction of Fity Cents willbe mave. aqh
'173" commuuicatious mustbe addressed to the publishers, post
age paid. %
e —_————
OF every description, executed at this Of
fice, at the shortest notice, and. in the
weatest style. - August 29,
$6 TO NEW-YORK---DIRECT FROM
PROVIDENCE.
THE steam boat Lona
Braxncy will leave Prov
: idence for New-York, on
, Tuesdays and Saturdays.
at 1 o’clock, P. M. until further notice. Re
turning, the Long Branch will leave New-
York, every Thursday and Sunday afternoon at
4 o’clock, for Providence.
For excellent accommodations, stillness of
machinery, and swiftness of eailing, this boat
is not surpassed by any in the sound,the Wash
ington excepted.
P. 8. The Long Branch will make a few
trips to and from &ew York, before she re
sumes her station on the New London Live
for the winter. \ August 29.
NEW ARRANGEMENT. .
OJ-FIVE TIMES A WEEK.f)
STEAM BOATS WasuingTon, Capt. E.
- §. Bunker; ConnecTicuT, Capt. Com
stock; and Furrow, Capt. R. S. Bunker.—
One of the above boats, will leave for New
York, every Sunday, Tuesday, Wednesday,
Thunuh; and Sat xrd’:'ny, at 10 o’clock, A. M.
The Washington's rogular days of starting,
are Sundays and Wednesdays, at 10 o’clock,
A. M. Tie Fulton or Connecticat, will leave
on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday.
July 4. .
—et e T
‘.. oy e
: 1,50 TO BOSTON.
COMMERCIAL LINE OF STAGES.
* Fare rednced to $1,60 from Providence to
Boston.
THE Citizen’s Coach Company have used
. and are still using their utmost endeayors
40 run the Commercial iim off'of the road, that
they may have an opportunn{ of again doom
ing passengers to pay them three dollars for a
passage to Buston. But it seems the publie
are determined to defeat their object by the
patronage they give the Commercial Line.
(3Stages will leave Providence every morn
ing at 7 o’clock. Books kept at Wilder's,
July 14. A. FULLER.
Boston.
PROVIDENCE AND PAWTUCKET POST
COACH.
Tho proprietors of the Providence and Paw
." tucket Post Coach, respectfully inform the
public, that they have purchased of Mr. Simon
H. Amold, all” his right, title and interest in
the Pawiucket Diligence, and have placed on
the road between Providence and Pawtucket,
a POST COACH, which will run every day,
(Sundays extepted,) as follows:
The Post Coach will leave Providence at 8
o’clock, 12 o’clock’ 8 o’clock, and at half
past 6 o’clock; and will leave Pawtucket at 9
o’clock, 10 o’clock, half past 1 o’clock, and at
half past 5 o’clock. Books kept at Wilder’s
Manufacturer’s Hotel, and at Clarke’s Inn,
Providence, and at Edwards’ Hotel, (late
Hodges') and at Blake's, Pawtucket.
FArg 12 1-2 cents for those passengers who
are taken at the several houses at which the
ooks aro kopt in Providence or Pawtucket,
and landed at the regular stago houses in either
.of the places. Those who wish to have the
cu'?a call for them at their places of residence,
will bo charged 25 cents: way passengers,
‘that is to say, those who may take passage on
2he road will be charged 12 1-2 cents
May 2. E. BLAKE, Jgent.
MINCRAL SPRINGS.
NORTH-PROVIDENCE.
,THE subscriber has lately taken charge of
. this Establishment, which has undergone
-a thorough repair. The waters of these Springs
are cxtremely hoalthful, and have been found
very efficacious in a varioty of discases. The
waters are chalybeate, intermingled with par
ticles of sulphur. Every variety of refresh
ments will he constantly kept on hand, for the
‘aceommodation of pleasare parties.
Theromantic stiuation of these Springs, and
¢their proximity to Providence and Pawtucket,
it is belioved will make them a place of popu-
Jdar resort. GEORGE ROBFNSON, Jr.
August 15.
MORE NEW GOODS,
At No. 9, Cbcafiu'dc.
,S“ITH. DIKE & CO. bave received by
yesterday’s steam-boat, from auctions in
New-York, superfine black, blue, olive, and
brown Broadcleths; cut velvet and fine Valen
cia Vestings; one case wide Irish bnrup
Cords: fine French Drillings —together with a
vetiety of other articlos in their line, which
they offer at reduced prices.
Constantly on hand as above,
Roulz-nude Clothing of every description,
which they will sell at the lowest prices.
August 25,
NOTICE TO STAGE PROPRIETORS AND
. STAGE #“1‘!.
’ Josmfll 8. ABBOTT, has taken a_shop,
No. 69, Weybossot street, where he in
tends to build Coaches, Stages, and Chaise,
on as reasonable térms as an{‘ other establish
ment in the United States. Repairing of all
kinds of Carriages done with promptness and
dfirtch.
ANTED, at the übovo!hee. a first rate
workman at the Coach and Chaise beldy mak
ing business. tf Angust 11.
THE OBSERVATORY.
i Tflflw of this fashionable place of re
sort, respectfully informs the publie, and
citizen strangers, that it is now. open for the
Spring and summer seasons. It is situated on
an cminence which commands a beautiful view
of Narragansett Bay and the adjacent coun
try; and i admitted by all who have visitd it
to be a delightfal place of resort.. Attached
to the Obhservatory, are two excellent Bowling
Alleys, not inferior to any in Rhode-lsland.—
The Bar is supplied with the best liquors that
can be procured, and other refreshments such
as Fruits, Pastry, &¢. Every attention will be
paid to those who visit the establishment; and
affords an agreeable walk, particularly to
gentlemen strangers who visit the town for ob
servation and amusement. The Observatory
will be kept open from 7 o’clock, A. M. tll 9,
P. M. J. BARTLETT.
may 12.
PAVILION.
THE subscriber has the pleasure of inform
: ing his friends und the public, that owir g
to the liberal pateonage he has received, he ha
becn enavled (0 make several improvements t:
this «legant resort for genteel company, A
suite of npartments have beeu fitled up expressi;
for the nccommodation of private families, where
they ean enjoy undisturbed, the fiuest scenery
upon Narragansett Bay. Asresjectsthe sour
ves (f amusement uccessary to a place of this de
scription, they will be under such a regulation
us to render it worthy of being called the Na
hant of Rhode-lg'and,
May 9. BENJAMIN T. FOSTER,
CHOICE PEACHES.
FRUIT HILL, NORTHPROVIDENCE
THB oocupant of this fashionable place of
resort, respectfully informs his friends
and the public, that it is now oper for the
summer season: It is situated on an eminence,
which commands a beautiful view of the adja
cent country, and it is admitted by all who
have visiteti it, to be a delightful ‘flace of re
sort for those in pursuit of ease and comfort:—
His Peaches are now ripe, and consist of the
choicest kind; consisting of Feench and veri
ous other kinds; he koelm all other kinds of
Frujt that this climate affords; his Bar is sup
plied with choice Liquors, Wines, &c. his ta
ble will at all times be furnished from the
choicest selections of the market; his very
commodious Hall is furnished with Swings,
which 1s an agreeable exercise for gentlemen
and ladies: lus long Alleys are in the best or
der for the accommodation of those who will
please to visit his House for recreation. A few
Boarders can .be accommodated. All those
wishing to enjoy the country during the sum
mer season, will improve their health by visit
ing Fruit Hill, where they can inhale tf‘)'e pure
atmnospheric air,
PETER TiiOMPSON.
North Providence, Sept. 5.
FRUIT HILL—NORTH PROVIDENCE.
THE occupant of this fashionable ylace of
. resort, respoetfully informs his friends and
the public, that it is now open for the summer
scason: Itis situated on an emikrence, which
commanisa beautiful view of the adjacent
country, and it is admitted by all who have
visited it, to be a delightful place of resemt for
those in pursuit of ease and comfort:—His
err!iest Cherries are now iipe; he koeps all
other kinds of Fruit that this climate aflorde;—
his Bar is supplied with choice Liquors, Wines,
&c.—his tab';e will at all times be furnished
from the choicest selections of the market;—
his very commodious Hall is furnished with
Swings, which is an agreeable exercise for
gentlemen and ladies:—his long Alleysis in the
best order for the accommodation of those who
will please to visit his house for recreation.—
A few Boarders can be accommodated. All
those wishing to enjoy the country during the
summer season, will improve their health by
visiting Fruit Hill, where they can inhale the
pure atmospheric air.
PETER THOMPSON.
North Providence, June 27.
DR. CHAMBERS'® CURE FOR INTEM-
PERANCE.
THE subscriber, onthe decease of the late
Dr. William Chambers, took into his
possession the personal estate of the deceased,
and found prepared a large quantity of Dr.
Chamber’s Remedy for Intemperance. 2
He hereby informs the public, that he has
disposcd of all the medicine so found, to Dr.
James H. Hart, and Mr. Andrew M. Fanning,
of this city.
In making "this disposition, the subscriber
has been actuated hy a due regard to the inter
ests of the heirs of the intestate, as well as
from a wish to give the most extensive use to
the virtues of the discovery,whatever they may
be; and he can further add, with confiaence,
that the gentlemen who will hereafter be the
venders of the Remedy for Intemperance, as
prepared by the inventor, have been intimately
connccted with Dr. Chambers in his life time,
have been his agents in compounding the med
icine, and ure acquainted with its composition,
SILVANUS MILLER,
Public Administrato:, &ec.
03 The medicine will hereafter be prepared
and sold by the subscribers, who alone are in
possession of the original recipe of the inven
tor, at the office of the late Dr. C in the base
ment story of Ratgers’ Medical College, ih
Duane-street,ecast side of Broadway, and at the
medical store of Dr. Hart, corner of Broadway
and Chambers street, three doors from Wash
ington Hall, New York.
The astonishing success which this remedy
has obtained in restoring habitual inebriates to
sobriety, has established its virtues beyond all
contradiction, and supersedes the necessity of
nn“fimher comment,
he remedy is as innocent as it is effectual;
so much so, that it is often given to children in
febrile complaints, and frequently used as a
family medicine for Dyspepsia, §c. AN that
is required, to ensurc s upecific eflect, is_ to
abide strietly b&tho directions. It is rut up
in packages sufficient for one individual cure,
lng accompanied with ample dircctions for its
nse, sighed in the hand-writing of the subscri
bers, without whidh none are genuine. We are
induced to adopt this measure, as in conse
quence of the groat celebrity which Dr. Cham
bers’ medicine had obtained, there have been,
and doubtless will be, many epurious imita
tions. On enclosing to us the usual price, #5,
postage paid, the medicine can be sent by
mail. To those who are unable to pay, on
personal application of the individual at our
office, the medicine will be administered gra
tis. JAMES H. HART, M. D.
A. M. FANNING,
. Successors of William Chambers,
A lupptlr of the above celebrated Medicine
is E«iv and for sale by SMITH & FAR-
I&. Cadet Oficc. Warranted genu
ind Aovgust 25,
PROVIDENCE, SATURDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 8, 1827.
NOTICE.
M,Y wife Mary, hgving conducted herself
in an unbecowing and indecent man
per—Notice is heroby given, that [ shall pay
no debts of her eontuct'-s. after this date.
ANIEL AULL.
Seplember 5. -
MASONS WANTED.
THE Building Committee of the Providence
. Arcade wish to employ MJ Maszons.—
None bat first rate workmen need apply—such
will find employ on application to
JAMES LEWIS, or to
THOMAS SEEKELL, at the Arcade.
September 5. 5
SUBSCR!BERS to the American Journal
of Science and Arts, are requested to call
and receive their September number, at the
Bookstore of HUTCHENS & CORY,
September 5. First door west of the bridge
WESTERN CANAL, Troy, Alexandria,
Susquehannah and Fredericksburg fine
and superfine Flour, for sale by
SETH 3DAMB, Jr.
September 5. 24, South Water-st.
QOUTHERN white and yellow Corn, in
» prime order, for sale low in lots to suit
purchasers, by
SETH ADAMS, Jr.
September 5. » 24, South Water-street.
SPERM OIL.
1“00 Gallons winter and summer
strained Oil; just received and
for sale by E. J. MALLETT.
September 5.
SM!THFIELD. North Providence, Thom
aston and Philadelphia Lime, for sale by
SETH ADAMS, Jun.
September 5. 24, S. Water street,
CANAL FLOUR
lo 7 Bbls superfine Canal Flour, choice
- brands, and from new wheat, just
lunded, und for sale low from the wharf, by
SILTH AD'MS,Jr,
September 5. 24, South Water street
CAN\L FLOUR,
FROM new wheat-~216 bbls genuine Ca
nal Flour; 50 half bbls do do do Ely’s
and other superior brands, for sale low from
the wharf, by SETH ADAMS, Jr.
September 5. 24, South Water st.
PORK, GRAIN, &c.
20 H If barrels Mess Pork
10 whole ditto ditto
10 ditto Prime ditto
600 bushels Northern Corn
600 ditto Southern ditto ,
200 ditto Rye
100 ditto Oats —with a general assortment of
Groceries— for sale by ;
E. 8. DAY & SON.
Sept. 5. No. 23, Weybosset-st.
TO BAKERS.
RICHMOND Flour,from new wheat, land
; "ing this day, irom sloop Eliza Allen, 500
bbls superfine Flour, represented uncommonly
geod, for sale low from the wharf, by
g SETH ADAMS, Jr.
September 5. 24, South Water st_
CORN AND CEDAR SHINGLES.
2000 Buehels Southern Cern; 200,-
. 000 Cedar Shingles, for sale
by the_ subscriber, at No. 27, Long Wharf.
- et " GAIALIEJ, CHURCH.
N. B. The Corn will be sold at a reduced
price, if applied for soon. September 6.
PROVIDENCE FLOATING BATHS.
THE subacriber having just completed his
* spacious floating Bathing House, respec
fuily informs the ladies and gentlemen of Prov
idence and its vicinity, that he has located it
in the cove, near the gt')ot of Hydraulion strect,
and in the rear of the Exchange Bank. The
building is provided with every convenience;
will stand off where the current is pure, and
will be entered over a safe floating bridge; and
from its rotired yet central situation, it cannot
fail to invite the company of those who prace
tice cold water bathing. The apartments of
the ladies and gentlemen uare separated in an
effectual manner, and those which are appro
priated for the former, will not, under any cir
cumstance, at any time, be occupied by gen
tlemen.
Careful and attentive persons will be engag.
ed to wait on those who may patronize this es.
tablishment, and a female wilr always be in at
tendance for the ladies.
The subscriber having at miich expense pre
pared this comfortable iouse for those dispos
ed to enjoy the luxury of the cold bath, or
shower bath, flatters himself that he shall be
liberally rewarded by the patronage of gen
erous public.
Terms.—Season tickets, ¢3; single ticket,
12 1-2 cents; ten tickets,<l.
The honse will be open from eun-rise till 9
o’clock in the evening, except Sundays, on
which day it will close at 9 o’clock, A. M.
June 9. ERASTUS FARNUM.
T BOLOGNA SAUSAGES.
EDWAHD R. YOUNG, has just recewed
a small supply of this higbl{ approved
article; also, a few boxes of excellent Claret
Wine, and one cask of lLondon Bottled Por
ter.
Superior Table Salt in sinall boxes.
A few boxes of good Olives very cheap by
the box.
N. B.—Wines, Teas and Sugars, an excel
lent supply; also,” a general assortment of
Groceries as usual.
~ Please call and examine for yourselves, at
No 24 Market Square. August 8.
SUPERFINE BEAVER HATS.
JUBT received, a few dozen superfine bea
ver Hate, of a very superior quality.—-
Also, a very extensive assortment of castor,
roram, and imitation beaver Hate, of almost
every description’ and quality, comprising niore
than an hundred dozen; which are offered for
sale on the most reasonable terms.
WILLIAM L. ALDRICH.
N. B. One invariable prico strictly adhered
to. fy - : - September 1.
T'IIE individnal, who is in the habit of tuk
ing from the«store of Francis Pav-
ErNE, the Literary Cadet, is respectfully
requested to abstain from the practice. Mr.
Payerne subscribes for Ihe paper to accommo
date his patrons,and hopes that the gentfeman
who takes it from him, will have the good
ness to leave it, afier he Las road »
September !
NOTICE.
FLOUR.
CORN,
LIME.
NOTICE.
PROVIDENCE.
SvMuge l,xucm Fasnrizid.— At the
uqvh:’&n-l of the friends of this gontle
man, we lay befure our readers, a letter, which
we received from him some two or three wecks
since, und which at the time, we refused to
publish. It containe nothing, however, that is
offensive to our feelings, if we except the par
ugrnrh, which containe something hke a
thredt, and which at the time of the receipt of
the Letter, induced us to deny it admission to
our columns.
To Tue Fprronr,
Harper's Ferry, Vir. August 12, 1827, °
Srrn—When I was at the trouble to trans
cribe and correct The Chief of Hazor for the
Literary Cadet, I little thought that my labor
would be repaid by such illiberality and injus
tice as you have bestowed upon me. I was
fain to believe that my silence regarding your
manifold reprehensions, and the very act of
contributing to your columns would have sug
gested the like oblivion to you. When, believ
ing that you were too freqmmli inclined to
sacrifice correctness to effect, I showed myself
not reluctant to practice on that admitted be- ‘
lief, 1 was very certain that you would fore‘go |
your repeated attempts to injure me, and, for
once, restrict your criticisms to my poem—
their only legitimate object. But | was mis
taken; and I erred. Personality, it appears,
interweaves its nightshade with every leaf of
bay; and, in your creed, the man is insepara
ble from the author. It wovld be vain for me
to expatiate on the perfect injustice of such a
course; and, therolg:o, I shall content myself
with stating, very explicitly, that, either from
injudiciousness or ill-nature - from misinforma
tion or unreflective supposition, you have ut
tered assertions which are, in detail and in ex
tent, unfounded and untrue. Do you suppose,
Bir, that any reader of your paper would peruse
my poem with pleasure, after ge had remarked
the terms of your introduction? Or, if that read
er did not look upon your praises as ironical,
could he admire the genius while he condemned
the character of the man? Your object was
evidently to hold me up as an outre creature
a being of incomprehensible cross-purposes—a
reckless wanderer - a voluntary idler - without
honor and without responsibility in any social
or moryl relation. lls this the friendship you
professed for me in a recent letter to Mr. Bry
an? [ls this the illustration of your free-will
offer to subserve my literary engzgements?
From my earliest years my fortunes have
been ungracious—but poverty is my only crime.
Deliberately I have never wronged a fellow
being—for the asperities of my destiny have
net corroded and indurated my heart—nor ren
dered it obtuse to reciprocal offices of kind
ness. But it has frequently been my fate to
suffer for the derilections of others—and to as
sume the penalty of offences not my own. The
anxiety, which I have ever manifested, and the
ardour and patience, with which I have prose
cuted every engagement it was my lot to .ob
tain, sufficiently disprove a disposition to live
a life of idleness and vagabondism. Had you
ever suffered from the villainy of relatives and
the contumely of strangers, you would pause
‘and think soberly ere you asserted that the
' misfortunes, which no buman foresight could
avert from my bosom, were ¢‘ courted” by me
"and adopted to win sympathy and excite admi
ration. I contewn sympathy, Sir; 1-demand
justice. God gave me a mind—my own exer
tions gave me an education—and both com
bined will give me an honest fame, though some
should commiserate the tenant of a *¢ cod
webbed dgarret.” and others direct the shaft
of rooted malevolence, under the guise of iron
ical wishes of ¢ recpectabilil'y.” against one,
who was lonfi ago compelled, by domestic
fraud, to cast his brecad on the wide waters of
vicissitude.
t bave wandered, not from a love of wan
dering, hut to obtain some permanent employ
ment, of a nature belitting my expectations,—
I have labored by day and by night, and have
lost the reward of my labor often to the last
item. My engagement as Editor of The Sun,
to which you allude, was but one of the many
inauspicious contracts, which want of business
"has compelled me to conclude. Witnessed
- writings were drawn, specifying a certain sala
[ ry, to me to be paid b{ the week, as Editor of
J;nt periodical. Week followed week without
payment—but still I labored on. At last I de
manded my reward—and lo! William Mc¢Dou
'gal, the proprietor, was a bankrupt! (Mr.
James G. Brooks recommended this business
to me, with a caution against the man; and he
“can attest the resuit.) Can man live like the
“caseleon? or, when one business fails, must
he not seck for another, wherever it may be
found ?
If you term misfortunes *“follies,’’ and ecarch
after the faults of humanity, to amuse yourself
by caricature, why you are in the broad road
of pleasure; and every traveller will bid you
“laugh’’ and be merry. But I look upon these
things with a sober eye; trials have not ren
dered me obdurate to the sufferings of others,
nor disposed me to judge harshly of actions,
whose inotives Ido not understand. It is not
true that I have wandered from a wayward dis
ition; persecution, disappointment, and the
m'po of permanent settlement in peace and
prosperity, have caused me to sce those places
which many others likewise visit from ihe same
impulses, without suffering the same gratuitous
reprehension. But, had ['roamed abroad in the
world merely from restlessness, I do not. com
prehend what relation mny travels bear to my
poetry, or why the Editor of a literary paper
should discuss the journeyings of one who is,
at least, independent of his benevolence.
Thus much, Bir, I have thought proper to
| say of myself; but I am tired o?thu egotism,
and will gladly dismise it, with this simple re
mark: if, at any subsequent period, you should
honor me with a place in your columns, what
ever may be your judgments, I pray you re
member that hastily adopted misinformation
may lead to very great perversjon of truth; and
that misfortunes, though they BLOIIM be accom
panied by what are deemed eccentricities, are
not fit -u{jecu for laughter. If the character
of the man is despicablo, hia gerins is to be
lamented; for the misapplication and abuee of
talents are worse than the pulings of idio<y.
I am, Sir, respectfully,
S. L. FAIRFIELD.
P. 8. If you think proper to do me the jus
tice I both merit nnfdomlnd. you will please
to print this letter as it reads. Garbled ex
tracts from it will compel me to publish the
whole. F
It becomes us to remark, to Mr. Fairfield
that ia supposing that we have ever intended
to do Lim a private injury, he is vastly in ore
ror; and we assure hip tha' we would bLe
‘among the first to rejoice at his success. Itis
not impossible that he isan injured and a per
fecuted man, but we would ask him, if he has
suffered more from the ill nature of the world,’
than others have, who bave, lilic himself ven
tured to place themselves in an imposing atti- |
tude before the public? Of his private gricfi:4
we know nothing; but it does appear to us mi-]
ragulously strange, that he, of all other per
sons, should be seclected for persccution to ‘
aim her shafts at; and without intending to
give any offence, we will add, that in our opin- 1
ion, like hundreds of others, his persecutions
are either ideal, the idle fantasies of the mind,
or have been produced by folly and impru—l
dence. Mr. Fairficld should study to acquire
habits of stability, and if in this he succeeds, 1
and will but properly apply his talents, he may 1
rest assured of meeting with success. |
We copy from the Georgia Statesman, the
following very brief, yet interesting memoranda
of the histories of the Signersof the Declaration
of Independence, which we recommend all our
patrons, as it will afford them some valuable du
ta. We did intend tomake the sketches more
full, by adding to them some facts which the
original writer has omitted, but as the disorders
of Commencement weck, have put us in the
back ground, we must deprive ourselves of that
pleasure; though perhaps the omiesion will
not displcase our recaders, who we arc satisfied,
would not place any particular value on the
remarks we might offer.
Memoranda of the Signers of the Declara
tion ¢/ Independence
Chancellor Wythe, of Virginia—a lawyer, a
judge of the purest morals und deepest learn
ing; idle and dissipated uutil thirty years of
age when he first applicdl himself to the law;
the preceptor of Jeflersou.
George Read, of Delaware: an eminent
lawyer. His biography is simple, interesting
and authentic,
William Williams, of Connecticut; originally
a town clerk, but liberally educated; then an
upright, - benevoient merchant; sacrified a
greater part of his gains to the public service.
Samuel Huntington, of Counnecticut; & mere
ploughman until ins twenty-seccond vear; af
terwards an eminent lawyer; president of
Congress; chief justice of his state, and gove
ernor. His biography highly curious.
. William Floyd, of New York; a farmer; a
general; enjoyed alarge share of state lionors.
George. Walton, of Georgia; originuily an
apprentice to a carpenter in Virginia; self ed
ucated to the law; a colonel; wounded in bat
tle; twice governor of Georgia; chief justice;
Senator of the United States.
George Clymer, of Pennsylvania; a mer- |
chant; fond of literatnre; a terse, sententious {
writer; an efficicat and bLonourable patriot.
His biography full and interesting, but di&u: ;
| Gondness Bis delight, t
Wiedom Lis wealtl and glory his rewari” l
Benjamin Rush, as a physician and an au
thor, muilaude cumulatus, the most celebrat
ed of the American faculty; distinguished for
hislro}iticnl counexions and labours.
atthew Thornton, of New Hampshire;
a successful practitioner of medicine; army
surgeon before the revolution; a president of
the provincial convention; a judge of the Su
preme Court; a man of wit and humour, con
tinued to practice physie while a judge; wiote
political essays for newspapers, and prepared
a metaphysical work for publication, afier he
was eighty ycars of age; died u# Lis S9th
year. |
William Whipple, of New Hampshire; orig-=
inally a cabin boy and sarlor; a captuin at the |
age of twenty-one: thena merchant; a gen- |
eral, who fought with Gates, and elsewhere;
arranged the capitulation of Burgoyne; a judge |
of the superior court; *“us a sailor,”” says the |
biography, “he speed:ly attaincd the lhighest |
rank in his profession; asa ierchant, Lo was
~circumepect and indosirious; a 8 a Congressman |
he was fiim and fearless; a 9 a legislator, he
was honest and able; vsa commander, he was |
cool and courageous; as a judge, he was dig
nified and impartial; and as a member of many |
subordinate public offices, he was alert and
persevering. He bere alllis honoss with mod
ostfl and propriciy.”’ ‘
r. John Witherspoon, of New Poisey, an |
‘eminent and profound divine; president of
\ Nassau Hall College;a political weiter of torce |
and talent; astatesman of great iuflicuce and !
energy. His Liography 1s ample aqd instrace i
tive. |
Robert Morris, of Pennsyivania, a merchant; |
the unrivalled financrer of the revolution; the
pecuniary soul of the cause. kis biography, |
nketlmt of others, necds compreszion, but i
interesting and correct. {
Abraham Clark, of New Jersey: s surveyor,
a lawyer, and gave gratuitous counsci. f
Francis Lewis, of Now York; a merchant, |
and soldier, before the Revolution; very useful
as a rebel; Lis fine estate on Long Island des
troyed by the British, and his wife carried ofi'a !
prisoner; she died soon atter, fiom the il
treatment which wasexperienced. He wasro- |
ined by the pait which lie took on the Ameri
camside: died in Ihe 90th vear of his age. {
John Penn, of North Carolina; uneducated ‘
in early life; became alawyer, aud ciineat by |
opsimathy. {
James Wilson, of Pennsylvania; a lawyerof |
capacity and of surpassing faculties as a spoak- |
er and writer, an efficient political essayist; the '
principal advoeate of the Coastitution of 1787, |
in the Pennsylvania Convention; professor of
law; one of tinc judges of the Supreme Court ol
the United States. Ilis biography is replete |
with valuable information and political ance
dote. t
“("vn-rtcr Braxton, of Virginia; a planter, be- p~r(—>lms discretion, and steadfustness; s mudls
came a merchant; lost all, and died of a brok- . reversd a< any patriot of the times. His bioy
en heart. A N { raphy is tull of instruction, but prolix to tedioc s,
John Mérton, of Pennsylvania; a surveyor; mess 4 v
speaker of the General Assemtly of Pounsyi- |
vania; a judge of the Supreme Court of the NARoA A Ry
Commonwnfth; gave the vasting voto of the | Manstérn Loan.”” Commwencewes
Pennsylvania delegation, for the declaration day, tho Pawtucket Sta{o Coach, brought to
of independence; originally a plonghbe;. town, at one time forty=thres passengere T o
Stopmn Hopkins, of Rhode-Island. 1 plain Catrigo looked rather hke an umense wase
farmer; sarveyor; beeame speaker of Iho As- of hnman fleah and blooad, than any thing elec,
sembly; clief justice; then governor of Rhode- and was so complotely erovded, that but lintls
lnlnmf: a man of superior sense, and a good olbe ohan ita sides and wheeis could be pei«
and suecessful writer; a distinguished mathe« ( coived. This line of conches, run hotirly be
matician, and nataral philosopher, though his tween this town and the flourishing and eote, -
education was slight; and a member of the Prung Vilnge of Pawinthet, is conducted wilh
Awmorican Philosophical Society. His #ipna. e skl and prudence, und has every laimm
ture of the doclaration is the only e:ov’od and o 0 the purronsge aud support i the bl
feoble one. ¢Aw it indicates,t sive his Mop. We wieh it will
rapher, ‘‘a very tremulous hand, in perfii
contrast with the bold and prominent wiitug
of President Hanceck, it may bave engender
od surmises unfavorable to tlie dotermined o:m
it of Mr. Hopkins, We thetefore state, thyt
for o number of yoars previous, he had been
afflicted with a nervous aflection; and when be
wrote at nll, which was seldom, he was cow~
pelled to guide his right hapd with ‘his feftr.*”
Thomas M'Kean, of Pernsylvania; a haw
yer of great abilities and ardent revojutionary
patriotism; chief justice of the commonwealtl;
governor; died 83 years old. His biegraphy
finliroly authentic, and replete with ingtru@ive
ctails.
James Smith, of Peunsylvania; lawyér oid
surve{or. remarkable for facetiousness and e
centrieity, practised the law fir upwerds af 60
years; died a nothingarian. I 3 biegropls »
very pleasant. ” .
Thomas Nelson, of Virginia, educated i
Efigland; an opuleut planter; active milltarv
officer; commander in chiet of the Virginta
militia, whom he Lravely aud skilfully headed
at the siege of Yorktown; governos of Virgii«
ia; died in reduced circwwstances, havg
made enormous pecun‘ary facrfices (o the res
volutionary cause. .
Joseph Hawes, of North Carolina, a sus
cessful merchant: bred a Quakdr; died when
attending Congress, in 177
Goorge Taylor, of Penusylvania; on nrrivilyg
in America from Ireland, bound hiwself for «
teun of years as a common laborer ai the ron
works at Durhiam, on thg Delawate, neoy Kags
ton; was made ¢lerk to the woiks; tue propri
etur dying, lie espoused his widow ; andtioally
became himself, owner of the whole: amaseets
a large fortune; got into the provincial assem
bly; a wember of business. Nothing w.ore is
lecollected of him in the viciniy of his reni
dence. than that ““he was a fine mun und @
furious whig.”’ ;
Johin Hart, of New-Jerse:; a farmer, swe
named * Lonest Jolti;”? had never held a pub
lic office when he was chosen a delegate Gy
Congress; his farm pilinged and destroyed by
the Hessians; his biography possesses a peci.-
liar interest, as u very ediying illustration
of the character and courde of €n Awvwricats
yeoman. i
" Lewis Manis, of New-York; gentlewn:s
farmer. aud large landed proprietor; his Iho™
domain laid wusie and rained by the erewn,
had three gallant sons in the tield; the cele
brated Governor Morris his half brother, .
William Ellery, of Rhode-Island; a welled
ncatedlawyer; an early revolutiunary patnoi;
a very usetul mewmnber of Congress througlout
the war. ** He often,”’ says his biograpler,
*“ spoke of the signing of the Declaration of
Independence, and Lo spoke of it as an even,
which many regarded with awe, "perliups with
uncertainty, but none with fear. Ile used fto
relate, that he placed himzclf beside the Sec.
retary, Chard:s Thompeon, avd eyed cach delb
egate closely as bhe aflixed Lis wame to thp
document; and lie saw dauntless resolution 1n
every countenance. Ellery died, without pairy,
at the age of ninety-three, sitting upright in
bed, and reading Tully's Offices, in the fa(im
l\ “Of no distemper. of no blast Ledied,
' But fell bke autumn-fruit that mellow’d dong;
~ Even wondeved at because he falls no sooner.
' Fateseem'd to wind him up for fourscore years:
' Yet {reshly ran he on tweive winters mares
LT, like a elock worn out with eating time,
| Tte wheels of weary life at last stoud suil. ™’
i Lyman Hall, of Georgia; an emigrant fious
Connecticut; a well trainea physician; a tie=
l ful member of Congress; made great sacr.fices,
Governor of Georgia, 17563.
' Oliver Wolcott, of Connecticut; a graduafe
of Yale College; captain m the #imy bLetoe
[ the Revolution; studied medicine; a majur
i general of militia; aided in conquering Bui
, goyne; a judge; finally Governor of Connects
| cut.
! Richard Stockton, of New-Jersey; an o
‘ compiished lawyer aud scholar, wirnivalied ot
' the bay of his state. Afier acquiring a ccon &
/ petent fortune in his grofi:st 100, traveiled wirh
much eclat in Great Britain; one of the judg
" es of the Suprene Court of New-Jerse,; cn
barked carly aud vehemeutly in the Reioius
tion; surprised and captured by the enemy,
and committed to the common jail at New-
York; Congrezs directed Gen. Washington to
Cintertore in his behalf, and tlivreaten ietali -
“tion; his heulth impaired; his property devaw
tated; dicd prematurely of complicated atfi -
~tions, occasioned by his patriotism.
' Button Gwinnett, of Georgia; originally a
"merchant; became a planter: an enthusiast e
rebel; president of the provineial covuel; kil
ced i a due! with Gen, Mclutesh in 1777, v
tlie age of 45,
' Josiah Bartiett, of New Hompshire; a suls
Ccessful practitioner of medicine; a leading
| whiy in his province; commanded a reginern
the first who voted in Congress for the Declai -
ation, and the second whe signed ity chier
| justice of New Hampslire; the first republics
Governor of that state.
Philip Livingston, of New York: one of the
committen of five appointed to prepare the Dee .
aration of Indepondence; a graduateof Yo'
College; a psosperous and hononredmer hun
conspicuous member of the proviacial legicly
ture; speaket, died, while attending Congicu,
in 1778, a martyr o bis public veul.
Roger Shernan, of Connecticut) wl=o one ¢
the committee of five: apprentive fo a sl o
maker, and pursued the business vur! o %er b
was fwenty-two vears of age: travelied on foc
with his tools, gaining a hvelihood; novyiel e #
his mind by various reading: kept a connt)
store; turned surveyor; apphed hinself 1o s o
law; acquived practice amd fuine: member of
the colonial assembly: member of the Albany
Convention of 1754; judge of the Sopericy
Court of Connecticut twenty-three year ;
member of Congress frém the opening of tha
first in 1774, down to the period of his deatl,
in 1798; of great authority and osefulness; a
mamber of the Convention that tramed the
present Constitition of the Umited States, took
a considerable and influentinl part in the de.
bate: a Senator in Congress; a shrewd eno
ready writer, a logical debater: a modcl.of
NO. 42. .

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