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A LOCAL AUKICULTUUAL, SOCIETIES. Tho Good "Work that May Uo Accom plished by Local Societies of Farmers. Chlcngo Times. Most of the state and agricultural so cieties in the west arc simply associa tions for holding annual fairs. The fairs held under their management vary but little from year to year, and the fair of one county closely resem bles those held in the neighboring ones. Had some rural Hip Van Winkle' gone to sleep on a fair ground twenty years ago and woke up during some fair now in progress, he would probably think that he had taken only a short nap. Ho would see substantially the same things he was looking at two de cades ngo, and would iind them ar ranged in the same manner. There would be the same meager displays of farm products, similar herds of cattle that are on starring expeditions, and the same anxious crowd waiting for the horse trot to commence. Apparently the same exhibitions would be goino on under canvas tents, while harsii voices would be inviting persons to in vest in 'snide11 jewelry or games of chance. Should he purchase a cata logue of the articles on exhibition he would lind that it would contain a list of articles that are very familiar to him. To visit a fair in any county one season is to visit it many years iii suc cession. The stock improes some what from year to year, because the stock of the entre country is constant ly improving. The displays of farm and garden products, however, are somewhat smaller than they were and attract less attention. The plowing match, that at one time attracted mucfi attention, is no longer kept up. The number of persons who visit fairs is as large as ever, but a larger proportion of Them come from towns. Our county agricultural societies, or more properly our county fair associa tions do nothing toward the progress of agriculture except to hold a" fair once a year. If any adresscs are made they are delivered by politicians. A large proportion of the prize money goes to the owners of horses that are bred and trained for the race-course. State fairs diil'er from county fairs in little else than magnitude. They are of some benefit in enabling farmers to see better specimens of stock than they can iind in their own neighbor hoods. In other respects they do very little for the advancement of any branch of agriculture. Occasionally a'national society, or "congress," 'is formed, with the designs of making original in vestigations and encouraging scientiiic agriculture. As a rule, however, they are short-lived, expensive, and produc tive of little practical good. The best results have been obtained by associa tions of persons engaged in certain specialties, as keeping bees, producing wool, making butter and cheese, or raising fowls'. Generally the more limiteil the scope of a society the better it perforins its work. The rapid pro gress of dairying in the west, and the high degree of perfection that has been reached, are largely the results of asso ciations of dairymen who have had regular meetings for comparing notes and reporting the results of the experi ments they have made. The meetings of any of our western dairymen's asso ciations are in the nature of insti tutes or schools of instruction. They ailbrd excellent opportunities for ac quiring practical knowledge. Tho like may be said of the meetings of most of our horticulture jjogifities. .Members "of" these "societies have made experi ments, and are able to toll by practical tests what kinds of fruit will succeed in a given locality. A well-conducted agricultural soci ety, limited in its membership to the farmers of one town or neighborhood, can bo mudo productive of a vast amount of good. Its organization should be simple, and but little time spent in routine business. It can bo managed with very little expense, as tho meetings can bo held in a school house, a small hall, or in the houses of the members. The farmers in most of our western towns come from a large number of states and from several foroigu countries. They are acquainted with" the methods practiced in the places whore they formerly lived. Each is capable of imparting to the others much valuable information con corning what ho has seen and experien ced elsewhere, Collectively, they rep resent the knowledge obtained by many hundreds of farmers in different parts of the world. English farmers can im part much valuable information on stock-raising as practiced in the old country, on the cultivation of root crops, and the much neglected art of building stacks of hay and grain. Farmers from New England can give instruction on thrift and the general management of small farms and gar dens. Those brought up in the south can toll how to raise and cure tobacco, and other crops raised in the states where they formerly lived. Each farm er who is particularly successful in the production of any crop can state to what circumstance his success is dm). A like report can be given of the cause of failures so far as they are known. The members of a neighborhood society can assign certain kinds of work to be performed with a view of conducting large operations. One can test the value of a kind of grass not raised in the vicinity, and Iind out the best way of introducing it. Another can experi ment with a new variety of fruit, and a third can test the advantages of a now machine. Properties of" Kltro-Ciiycorlne. Popul.n Science Monthly. It has a sweet, aromatic, pungent taste, and possesses the very peculiar property of causing an extremely vio lent headache when placed in a small quantity upon the tongue, or any other portion of the skin, particularly upon the wrist. It has long been employed by homeopathic practitioners as a remedy in certain kinds of headaches. In those who work much with it, the tendency to headache is generally overcome, though not always. It freezes at about 40 degrees Fahr., becoming a white, half-crystallized mass, which must be melted by the application of water at a temperature of about 100 degrees Fahr. If perfectly pure that is, if the wash ing has been so complete as to remove all traces of the acid it can be kept for an indefinite period of time; and, while many cases of decomposition have occurred in impure specimens, there has never been known such an instance, where the proper care has been given to all the details of the manufacture. When pure, nitro-glycerinc is not very sensitive to friction, or even to moderate percussion; if a small quan tity be placed on an anvil and struck with a hammer, that portion which is touched explodes sharply, but so quick ly as to drive away the other particles; if, however, it were even slightly con lined, so that none could escape, it would all explode or detonate. Jt must be tired by a fuse containing fulminate of mercury (the compound used in percussion-caps), not being either readily or certainly lired by gunpowder, the shock of the latter not being suilicient ly quick or sharp to detonate the nitro-glycerinc. It is highly prob able that in this case, as in that of other high explosives, the vibrations set up by tho fulminate (which is not stronger than gunpowder) are of just such a character as to find an answering chord, so to speak, in the explosive; so that the desired effect is produced. This would seem to be a correct theory, for it is not always the most powerful explosive which" most rendily causes the explosion of another body. For instance, although nitro glycerine is much more powerful than fulminate of mercury, yet seventy grains of it will not explode gun-cotton, while lif teen grains of the weaker ful minate will readily do so. The fuse generally used, then, for firing nitro glycerine is composed of from fifteen to twenty-five grains of fulminate, and this quantity is sufficient to detonate a largo mass or a small one. It flame is applied to nitro-glyeerine it will not explode, but burn with com parative sluggishness. When frozen it is very difliciut and uncertain of firing. If the material be perfectly- puro t forms, upon detonation, a volume of gasses nearly thirteen hundred times as gioat as that of the original liquid; these gasses are also further expanded by the heat developed to a theorectical (though not practical) volume ten thousand times as great as that of tho charge. Practically speaking, the forces exerted by gunpowder and nitro glycerine is in the proportion of one to eight. CD CBl . Bee-keeping is becoming n large an ro table industry in Miss iseippi. "THE MA1JY." Hon It Keunltotl :i Family. Atlnntn (Ga.) Constitution. Once upon a time, and not very long ago at that, a young man in Atlanta fell in love with an Atlanta girl. This Happens every day, and, as also hap pens, the girl fell in love with the youiif man. Somehow or other the parents of the girl frowned upon tho union of these two hearts that beat as one, and they continued to frown until the young people thrown upon their own resour ces, eloped, as young people will do, and the parental frown alluded to, in stead of becoming a smile and a bene diction in the presence of the inevi table, widened and deepened into bit ter disapprobation. The father and mother set great store by their daugh ter, and they v. ore ovcwhelmcd with grief when they discovered that for the first time in her life she had disobeyed them. They did not seek her out for the purpose of bestowing their for giveness. In the course of time a little baby was born to the young couple a mar velously beautiful child we arc told and it grew to be as cunning as it was beautiful. One day recently a lady acquainted with the facts and intimate with the families called upon the young mother, but found nobody at homo but baby and nurse. An idea struck her, and she lost no time in carrying it out. She seized the baby and bore it off in triumph to its grandmother. When she rang the door-bell at grandmother's house the lady was in a, tremor, but the baby was as cool and unconcerned as a cucumber. Perhaps wc ought not to say unconcerned, for when the grandmother opened the door the baby laughed and crowed in her face, and was as pert and as saucy as you please. And wouldn't the lady come in and rest herself. Well, the lady didn't know; she was just passing, and she thought she would ring and see how all were get ting along; but in she went, and pres ently grandmother was admiring baby as it sat perched, bright and buoyant, upon the lap of the lady. At this juncture tho baby displayed the most exquisite diplomacy. It boldly held out its dimpled little arms to its' grand mother, and was soon nestling against her motherly bosom. It laughed and crowed and cuddled, and when some body made a pretense of taking it, it cuddled the closer. What wonderful bright eyes it had, to be sure! What a( cunning little curl, half hidden be hind its little pink ear! What tempt ing little toes! What dainty little hands! Oh, a wonderful little baby al together, the grandmother thought and r said. o At this critical moment tho grand father made his appearance, and the re markable baby seemed to understand its business thoroughly. It cooed and crowed at its grandfather, found a place in his strong arms, and hid its little face in his " coat-collar. The grandfather was captivated, lie tossed and dandled the baby, and fondled it in a way altogether unusual. Then tho lady was asked whose baby it was. 1 tor position was embarassing. Sho had no idea of tho result, but sho made bold to tell tho two old people that it was their daughter's child. With this the grandmother fell to weeping and clasped this wonderful baby to her breast, and the grandfather walked nervously around wiping his eyes and wondering why he was so foolishly happy. Nothing would do these old people but their daughter must bo sent for, and such another reunion and revival as was held over that baby has never before been seen in Atlanta. That we'll say and stick to. A carriage passed in front of the Con stitution office recently, and in it wore seated all the members of the reunited family. The baby had a front seat, and it was laughing aiid crowing and look ing as pretty as a pink, and as cute well, as cute as it could look; and if anv reader of the Constitution is in clined to discredit this true story all ho has to do is to ask the grandmother about it. rv !. Tho population of the ante-Revolutionary town of Tappahannock, Va., is 5013. The present mayor has held the position for forty years, ami, it is said, can keep tho placo as long as he lives. Some of the ancient towns of the Old Diminion arc of proverbially slow growth. J2A11TA' DAYS IX NKW YOIIK. Sixty Housekeeping niul Other Items TIcu" In New York Evening Tost. The various fancy -names of refresh ments, such as "sherry cobbler" and "Tom and Jerry," that now embellish the walls of our restaurants, were not known, but if they had been, would not have alarmed tho good people to an ex tent beyond endurance. As for cham pagne, it could not be found on tho tables of the greatest epicures, whoso limits of propriety extended much be yond a glass of sherry or old port, as a medicine to aid digestion. The most indispensable piece of furniture in a dwelling house was a large sideboard, on which were placed the most costly tumblers and decanters, filled with various kinds of cordials ono kind was known as "Perfect Love" but these pieces of glassware were not chiefly for show, but constantly required refilling, their chief function being to promote hospitality. I went to housekeeping in 1820, and the largest item of our expense in furnishing the building was for a sideboard and an elegant collec tion of cut-glass to put on it. In those days there was no such things as temperance societies. Even at funerals it was customary to dis pense liquor to the guests, aiul I well remember seeing the colored waiters, with towels on their arms and decan ters and glasses in their hands, going outside ot the house to offer drink to those who, on account of the crowd were unable to view the corpse. And it was good liquor, too, though cheap enough, as we count cheapness to-day. A quart of brandy the pure article, just imported and out of bond cost only three shillings, and I have bought many a gallon for $1.25, which now would cost from $u to $8, and every thing else in proportion. It was considered that a man who had the interest on $100,000 to live on 87,000 a year could reside on Broad way and keep his own horse and car riage. You could hire a good house on that thoroughfare for .$800 a, year, and at the olu Fly market, foot of Maiden Lane, could buy the best cut of beef for 8 or 10 cents a pound, and the best potatoes from Long Island or Connecticut for 23 cents a bushel. Beef not half so good would cost you .'30 cents a pound now. Every gentleman drank wine at din ner, and offered wine to his guests when they were leaving the house or after they had entered it. There was, to be sure, no lager beer, but spruce beer had obtained popularity, especially at the candy hops. Every retail grocery store sold liquor by the glass a good glass for three cents and even the wholesale stores were not above keep ing their private bars. By and by it became "unfashionable" to keep wine and liquor on the sideboards of private houses, and, as a consequence, I have seen men of wealth go into a grocery store to take a drink, and then to another ono for another drink. Was there more drunkeness in those days than in these? 1 don't know. I am of Paul's opinion: "Be temperate in all things." More people are killed by ex travagance in eating than by extrava gance in drinking good liquor, think. 1 could name some recent ministers of the gospel who regularly drank some pretty good doses before getting into the pulpit on Sunday morning. Ainnrlcan llomoKenuousxiuHH. Henry Wnterson, in Courier Journal. The people of the United States are moro homogeneous than the people of England, or the people of (Jermany, or the people of France. Mr. Blaine went to Maine when three or four and twenty, carrying with him the manner, habits and tastes of a Kontuckian, and became a leader of Yankee hosts. Sergeant Prentiss went from Maine to Mississippi, which took him in her arms and made him her idol. His political rival was another northern man, Robert J. Walker. .John slidell did not look upon Louisiana until he was HO years old. He was a New Yorker. Tho present United States Senator Hawley, of Connecticut, is a North Carolinian, and in a recent congressional investiga tion told a witness he ought to knock a man down. We are all alike a few differences of an external kind mark ing us off by state, and sections and whether it be a rebel among Yankees or a Yankeo among rebels, the stranger will faro just as ho would at home, precisely as he conducts himself.