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ihe mm (INDIAN AND STOCK JOUIlNAL.) Gko. "V. Maffkt, Editor & i'ropi. Lai'ii Mijiuutt, Local Editor. Subscription, $1 per Year In Advance. Cheyenne & Arapatioe Agency, Darlington, Indian Ter SHEEP HUSBANDRY. X'latrorm Adopted at the Wool-Growers' Coiivcntioii at Chicago. Their Industry Must Ixj ProtectedAn Address Demanding Protection for the btaplo Issued. The attendance was approximately two hundred, tho largest delegations hoing from Ohio, Pennsylvania, Ill inois, Missouri, Now York, Wisconsin and Iowa, Representatives were pres ent, from twenty-three states. Hon. Columbus Delano, of Ohio, called the convention to order, and paid that the object of the convention was to take action toward restoring the duty of 1807 on wool. The wool-growers of tho United States, whether they be long to the National Wool-0 rowers1 Association or not, should bo aroused to a knowledge of the danger which threatened their industry. lie pre dicted that within live years the wool growers would be a power which con gress could not alio rd to ignore. lion. Columbus Delano, of Ohio, was made permanent chaiiman, and R. T. MeCulley, of Missouri, perma nent secretary. In his speech of ac ceptance Mr. Delano urged the wool growers throughout the country to or ganize in order to protect themselves. They should insist on the restoration of the tariff of 1S07, and the politi cians, when they understood that 1,000,000 votes were at slake, would accede to such a demand. The only substantial encouragement ever given to wool-growing in this country was iin'dcr the tarill running from 1807 to 1883. In 1800 the wool clip was 00,000,000 pounds. In 1880 it was 300 000,000 pounds. During the same period the number of shoe) increased from 20,000,000 to 50,000,000. This tarill" was abolished in 1883, and al ready the depressing ell'ect on the wool-growing industry was apparent. UKSOU'TIOXH ADOPTUI). The committee on resolutions made a report which, after speaking of tho injustice indicted by the act of congress of March, 1SS.'J, went on 4iid declared : i. That by the census returns of 1SS0 there were 1,0:20,000 iloekmastors, and there is no state where this industry is not pursued. '.I. That the product of wool for the year 1SSJ1 reaehcd.:i:20,000,0)0 pounds, and its value more than $100,000,000, and that the value of mutton result I nir from sheep slaughtered for food was over $1)0,000,000. ',. That sheep husbandry is an important factor in the prosperity of other agricultural pursuits, because of the utility of sheep in fer tilizing the soil and replenishing exhausted lands, so that If abandoned or seriously dimin ished our system of agriculture will be embar rassed, our capacity' for the production of meats, breadstulfs aiid other articles required by our civilization will be seriously diminished, and our great prosperity impaired. We can not alTord as a nation to endanger the great agricultural pursuit which adds each vcar di rectly $100,000,000 to the nnlion'a wealth, hav ing invested In real estate not less than $500, 000,000 of capital, and 'hleh contributes indt rwtly so extensively to the nation's prosperity. 4. That the act of 18S3 reducing duties on foreign wools has seriously injured, and if continued will In the future diminish, if it does not substantially destroy, the production of wool and sheep in the United Stales, and this assertion we sustain by these facts. The report then goes on to show that the clip of 18SH caused a loss of over $10,000,000 to the wool-growers compared with 1SS:2, and predicts a much greater loss for ISS-l ; says the .climate and conditions in Australia will compel American producers to abandon sheep raising for other pursuits. It is, therefore, Jmhcil, That we will organize as wool growers and sheep breeders,' and co-operate bv means of oar nat onal association, to be aided by state and county associations, and in this way, and by all legitimate methods, will do all In our power to restore tho wool tariff of 1S07, or its equivalent, on wools or woolens, and cause to be repealed the unjust, unwise and unequal legislation of ltvS'3, reducing the du .ties on wools and woolens. VtWivc, That In doing this we will, without reference to former political alllllatlons, recog nize our friends whenever and wherever we llnd them, and at the poles will sustain such men and such party organizations as are In fa vor of protecting and encouraging and sus taining sheep husbandry In these United States, by restoring the wool tariff of IS0T, or Its equiv alent. ViVwuwrt, That we favor a wise and compre lienslvo system of economic legislation best calculated to foster and develop all American Industries that can bo protltably pursued by our people, whoreby employment may be given to all laboring classes, not at prices paid lho laboring poor of foreign nations, but at such wares as will secure such educational, re ligion aiid social privilege's and such physical comforts as free men of this free nation are entitled to and ought to enjoy. tcsolveil, That we repudiate the doctrine of free trade as a fallacious and impracticable theory, sustained largely by the money of for ehni capitalists who desire the control of mar kets for the sale and consumption of goods produced where labor is cheap and money abundant; and we regard as unworthy of respectful consideration the theory of those manufacturers who claim that raw material shall be free, while their fabrics are protected. We ask, with emphasis, why the labor required to produce wool is less worthy of protection than the labor of the spindle and loom where the fabrics of wool arc produced. Jtcwlvrd, 'I hat the long-continued and sys tematic undervaluation ot Imported uool, re sulting as it does in the loss or much revenue to the government and the robbing of the American wool-grower of the protection sought to be conferred 'bv the tariff, and which the secretary of the treasury declares will continue under existing laws, demand, and should re ceive, the Immediate attention of congress. The platform was adopted with the addition of the following words to the second resolution : "Ami that we will not support any party or political candidate until it, or he, has clearly dellned its. or his, position in favor of the res toration of said tariff." A committee of live was appointed to draft an address to the wool-growers of the United States. The Address. "To the wool growers and sheep breeders of the United Stales: (Jbxtms.mkx At the na tional convention of wool growers and sheep breeders of the United States, held at Chicago on the 10th day of May, ISS-l, and which was attended by delegates from twenty states, a committee was appointed to draw up an ad dress to the wool growers of the country for the purpose of arousing them to a proper re alization of the necessity that exists for im mediate and energetic action if they would rescue the great industry in which they are en gaged from its present depressed condition and the impending dangers of a still more serious nature. The undersigned members of the com mittee firmly believe that the existing sad con dition of the interest you represent has been brought about largelyif not altogether, by ad verse congressional legislation, and that it will not again be prosperous until congress shall reverse Its action at its last session and restore the rates of duty to those which prevailed un der the tar i IT of 18(17. bv which, for the iM time in the Industrial history of the country, equitable relations were established between the duties on wool and those on woolen goods. It can be conclusively shown that the tariff act of that year gave to the American producers of both wool and woolen goods steady markets and a secure expansion of production, and that through this expanded production it gave the consumers cheaper wools and woolens than were ever before known in America, and brought prices of all goods of ordinary wear, and of many for line and luxurious wear, lower, or as low as are known in Europe or else where. TUB TARIFF Ol' 1S07. "The repeal of the tariff of 1.S07 on wool and woolens was not asked for, as has been al leged, by the conservative business sentiment oftho country or by any considerable number of American people. It was brought about wholly through the efforts of importers and others interested in securing in the United States a market for foreign wools, aided by a few parties who desired to make use of the foreign product as a whip with which to sub due the American market and menace Ameri can producers, upon whom they were neces sarily compelled to rely for nine-tenths of the woof required in this business. These com bined inlluenees, unpatriotic and un-American, led to the passage of the unwise, abortive and suicidal tarill act of 1SS;5, to uhleh we lirinly believe may be attributed the present depressed condition of the wool Industry. You have doubtless, gentlemen, heard much of late touching the soundness of the policy putting raw materials of manufacture, including wool on the free list. We trust you will resent such a proposition whenever a'nd wherever made with the indignation which it greatly merits. Vool is furnished by the product of 1,000,000 flock-owners, who have, by years of Intelligent and patient labor and the expenditure of large sums of moncv, brought their product to the present high standard of excellence. To class it simply as 'raw material,' as something that has been produced almost entirely without cost or expenditure of time and labor, Is an in justice against which we trust you will enter an effective protest. PROTECTION nUMANOKI). "The arguments used in defense of the prin ciple of protection apply at least as forcibly to wool as to any article on the tariff schedule. The growing of wool Is equal with the growing of food and forests, and with the manufacture of iron and steel, the maintenance of commer cial marine and navy, of national militia, a primary element of national defense in war. and of 'financial security and Independence in peace, the loss or neglect of which would de range our entire monetary system and place the' entire country and nil its Interests In a condition of industrial and colonial vassalage to foreign producers, equally fatal to happiness and unbecoming to the dignity and honor of the nation, whose annual Increase In wealth is now threefold that of any other nation, and whose population now gives It the second rank among civilized empires and first among tho free, self-goveruing and enlightened people." The appeal dually declares that the wool growers nave a right to ask congress for the restoration of a measure of protection, and concludes In the following terms : "Finally, believing that desperate diseases require heroic remedies, we especially urge you to sustain at the polls for legislative olllees only such candidates as are In favor of ade quately protecting and encouraging the great Industry of sheep husbandry, by voting to restore- tho wool tariff of 1S07, or rates of duties at least as protective as those embodied hi that act." The rcpor was unanimously adopted. The remaining hours of the session were taken up by discussing the methods for a united action in the ponding national political canvass in making the power of the wool-growing industry felt. Scientific Miscellany. Prof. Reinsch states that copper and silver coins in circulation soon become covered with bacteria and microscopic algae. The possibility of obtaining illumin ating gas in considerable quantities from the droppings of cows and horses has been demonstrated to the French Academy of Sciences by Moiis. Gayot. f ho process does not lessen the value of the fertilizer. English statistics show that perma nent blindness is largely due to in llammation of the eyes in infancy, a malady easy to avoid by proper care. In tho'large English cities the sanitary authorities are said to be taking steps towards making known among the poor the precautions which should be adopted. Speech has recently been photo graphed. The picture was obtained by moving a photographic plate quickly past a diaphragm vibrated by the voice. A' bounding line between light and shadow was thus produced on the plate, forming curves closely corres ponding to the sound vibrations sim ple curves for vowels, complicated ones for consonants. At Point Barrow. Alaska, the re cently returned United States expedi tion found evidence that the ground is frozen to a depth of nearly 300 feet. Below a point a few yards from the surface the temperature never changes. From November to May no living thing may be seen on this land except the Innuit and his dog, and an occasional stray reindeer or white fox. Dr. II. F. Walker has found good reasons for assuming that earth-worms are the invariable companions of man, and exist only in regious where he has settled. After settlement they first appear in the vicinity of the stable yard, then in portions of the soil en riched by stable manure, and at length in all soil whether cultivated or simply yjastured by domesticated animals. Investigations concerning the effect of different forms of artilicial illumina tion on the health have shown that the tallow candle is the most unwholesome agent, and the electric light the best. The incandescent electric lamp pro duces only about one-thirtieth as much heat as the tallow candle, while it gives out no carbolic acid or water. One gas jet in a room is said to vitiate the air as much as six persons. WITH A PUOTOUKAl'HEK. How ,' Viinderbilt, Gould, O'Conor, and Itanium Sit for Pictures. "Mr. Vanderbilt, who is one of my best customers, throws off all reserve when he comes here, and talks and acts as jolly as a yachtsman. The last time he gave me a sitting I caught him on the broad smile, and his friends were so delighted with the picture that they sent down and ordered a lare number from the same negative. They said they had taken all the other pho tographs of Mr. Vanderbilt out oftho albums and replaced them with tho smilcrs. J think that a good many of these new photographs of Mr. Vander bilt have gone to Europe. 1 never had Jay Could here but once, and hero's the picture I made of him.11 "It's a very strange looking picture," we said. "Of course it is. But how do you think it was made? lie presented himself one day and said: 'Well, Air. , they have got me here at last. Be quick, please, for I'm in an awful hurry.1 'But,1 said I, 'I can't take your picture in those ridijulous lio-Jit clothes. It'll come out almost wlulo. You'd better go home and get on a black coat." " " 'You must uo it now or never,1 ho said, and was about to walk out again, when J collared him and took him up to the operating-room. It's one of the worst pictures I have ever made. Tho only black about it is the beard and eyes. 1 sent the picture home, and he's never been here since. "But here's a splendid picture of Charles O'Conor. I shall never for get what he said the last time he was here. A short time before that tho newspapers all announced that he was dead. Ho came in looking verv sol emn, and said: 'Mr. before I A Reminiscence of the War. A romantic story of the war is told n connection with the 120th Pennsyl vania Regiment. A feminine looking member of the regiment who gave the name of Frank Mayno associated with none of the members of his company except a man named Fitzpatrick. One day while near Alexandria, Va., Fitzpatrick was taken suddenly ill and removed to the hospital, where he died, it was said, in a few days, of small-pox. Mayno displayed consid erable grief over the death of his com panion. He procured a pass to Alex andria soon after on a plea of business, but never returned. It was thought that he had deserted. Soon after a soldier was wounded in Western Ten nessee, and upon being taken to the hospital it was discovered that the soldier was a female and none other than Frank Mayne. A few weeks ago a member of the 126th Regiment was standing on the railway station at Al toona, when he was approached by a man who proved himself to be Fitz patrick, who was supposed to have Ldied of small-pox. He explained how he and Mayne wishing to transfer the scenes of their military exploits from the East to the West he had feigned sickness and escaped from the hospital and was joined by Mayno.t They both joined an Ohio regiment, 'after which they wero wounded while in battle and Mayne discovered to be a female. Mayno is his wife, and they are now living happily in Illinois. Boston Jour nal. II is expected that nearly one thousand mem bers and associates of tho Urltlsh Scientific as sociation will cross the Atlantic In August next Texas Is to have the spaco of 30,000 square to take part In tho meeting which is to be hold feet at tho Now Orleans exposition for her ex at Montreal. ( hlbit. died you made some photographs for me, I'd like to have some more of th' same kind.' There was just the sign of a smile upon his face after he said it, and it struck me as being odd." "When I j. i mum sends for a lot of pictures it is always with the under standing that if they look too much like him he will send them back. Bob lngersoll makes a first rate sitter, ox cept that he makes me laugh too much. He's full of fun. The last time he was here there was a good deal of talk going on as to who was going to be the next secretary of the interior. lngersoll brought a friend whom ho introduced as tho 'coming secretary of the exterior.1 Ingcrsoll's head is almost as round as a bullet." "The last time that Senator Logan was here 1 asked him to stand up and strike a military attitude. He said he didn't want it too military, but stood up, and thrust one hand under tho breast of his coat, while he rested the other on the arm of a chair." "Who are your best paying cus tomers?" "Just now, the politicians, especially presidential candidates. Every time a great election approaches the pictures begin to 11 v. I've been getting orders for Air. Blaine's pictures by the hun dred from different parts of the conn try. Blaine has a remarkably hand some head and makes a fine picture. There has also been a great demand for photographs of Senator Logan, who is an old customer of mine. Roscoe Conkling won't sit for love or money. Not long ago I sent a man to invito him to come and give us a sitting. Air. Conkling said there were too many pictures of him extant already. 'If I. sit at all I will sit for you,1 said ho; 'but,1 he said, '1 shall not sit at all.1 L tell you pictures do a great deal to make a man popular, especially if he's good looking. Not long ago a hand some gentleman from a neighboring city came here for photographs. B( fore he left I ascertained that ho was a candidate for a high office. 'Let mo make you enough pictures and I will elect j on,1 I said, for ho made a very taking picture. He ordered an extra lot, but not enough. 1 afUrward heard that he was beaen by about sixty ma jority." -Jnterview in New York Sun. One of the sights in connection "with the panic was the way in which the sandwiches, stacked on Dolmonlco's counters, disappeared. Tho waiters were in a fainting condition by the thno the exchange closed. ?