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Tho yield of corn in tho United
States this year is somewhat in excess
of 1,800,000,000 bushels, on an average
rate a fraction abovo twenty-six busli
cls per acre. The "arid regions" in
the vicinity of the 100th meridian liavo
produced heavy crops of maize of high
quality. That line of longitude has
ceased to bo an absolute barrier to
corn production or general farming.
The quality of corn is better than in
1883 nearly everywhere, and in the
northern belt is worth 25 to 7G per
cent more. The potato crop is nearly
an average yield, or ninety bushels
peracio, and exceeds 190,000,000 bush
els. M. Pasteur anticipates that bisul
phide of carbon will become tho most
eilicatious of all antisoptcis, as it is
also the cheapest, costing but a frac
tion of a penny per pound in largo
quantity. It is also the best insecti
cide known, and for this purpose may,
perhaps, be useful to preserve wood
work in tropical countries. Some idea
of tho use it is already put to may be
gathered from the fact that over eight
million pounds arc used annually to
check tho ravages of phylloxera. Car
bon bisulphide, as lirst produced, is
about as foul-smelling a compound as
it is possible to find, but it is capable
of purification till all the ollensive
odor is removed, and it is sulliciently
pure in smell almost to mix. with a
Hcddobault has succeeded in sepa
rating rags of cotton and wool, mixed,
by subjecting them to the action of a
jet of superheated steam. Under a
pressure of live atmospheres tho wool
melts, and sinks to the bottom of the re
ceptacle; while cotton, linen and other
vegetable libers stand, thus remaining
suitable for the paper manufacture.
The liquid mud which contains the
wool thus precipitated is then desic
cated. The residue, which has re
ceived tiie name of azotinc, is com
pletely soluable in water, and is valu
able on account of its nitrogen.
Moreover, its preparation costs noth
ing, because the increased value of the
pulp, free from wool, is sullicient to
cover the cost of the process.
The best manner of keeping grapes
fresh for winter use is that method
pursued in Spain, namely : To pack
the entire clusters in "thick, open
mo itlmd stoneware jars, laying dry,
putting fresh, hard wood sawdust be
tween them so thickly as to fill up all
interstices ; then to place the jars 'in a
cool and even atmosphere, excluding
all light. This method is a more labo
rious, but better, than the practice of
the Italians and French, which merely
consists of hanging the grapes in a
dark room, subjected to a light cur
rent of heated air. Thus the grapes
are partly dried, and though sweeten
ed b3r the process, lose their freshness
and part of their line flavor.
San Francisco does a great trade in
bags for wheat, the bulk of the manu
facture being received from Calcutta,
only a small portion of the number re
quired being'taken from Dundee, it
is calculated that from 8,200,000 wheat
bags used in 1870 the wants of the
market have gone on increasing
until 1880, when it is thought
there were over 31,000,000 used,
at a cost of S3 500,000 from first
hands, it is also estimated that the
consumption for tho eleven years end
ing Doc. 31, 1880, at 174,205,700, cost
20,359,800. The stock carried over
from the present season will be from
15,000,000 to 10,000,000, or about 3,
500,000 les- than a year ago.
Mr. Vandorhofr, of the Elmira Farm
ers' club, reports excellent results
from thrice rolling tho seed-bed for his
wheat crop a year ago. it was rolled
twice before seeding and once after.
The yield was double that in the same
field not so treated. Tho soil was a
heavy elay loam, in somo seasons, ou
this character of soil, tho rolling after
seeding should be dispensed with.
Tho rough clods loft on uneven sur
faces protect the wheat plants, and in
tho spring, as they aro broken down
by frost, they cover wheat roots which
alternate freezing and thawing has
thrown to the surface.
An Engl is paper states that elcvenh
heifers and steers belonging to Mr.
Godding, of Brimslado, were turned
into Savernake iorest, Marlborought
and seven of them wore after,
ward found dead, having, it is sup
posed, boon poisoned through over
feeding on acorns. It was feared tha
tho others would also die. Several
farmers in the neighborhood of llom
sey have lately had serious losses
through their catlle eatiug acorns.
Mr. William M. Singerly, who has ex
perienced for tho last four years on his
farm at Gwyuedd, Pa., in preserving
green fodder in silos, has a silo of 1,200
tons. He says that by the operation of
tin's method ho is enabled to easily
keep one cow on tho produce of one
acre of ground. He fills his silos
mainly with cornstalks cut in i-inch
lengths. A ten-horse power engine
will cut one hundred tons a day.
An Indiana dairyman covers tho
cow with a horse blanket or sheet
while milking, thus preventing the an
noyance of Hies and adding greatly to
the comfort of the cow, which is other
wise conditionally engaged in battle
with tho insect world. If a horse
blanket is used it should be a clean
It is undersfool that wooden milk
pans are in general use in Switzerland,
and, au cfl'ort is being made to induce
some English manufacturers to intro
duce those made of tin. The tin ves
sels are difficult to keep clean, though
they may have some advantage over
those made of metal in preserving a
more constant temperature.
A good substitute for ground glass
is made as follows: Work together
equal parts of white lead and common
putty until quite soft, then form it into
a ball, and roll it over the surface of
the glass, and a ground glass appear
ance is tho result.
It is claimed that basswood is the
best lumber for water-pipes. It keeps
constantly saturated, and in this condi
tion any wood is very durable. A
farmer, who laid three hundred rods
of basswood logs nine years ago, finds
them now as good as new.
An English architect says that wood
en houses can be built to last longer
than brick or stone houses, and in
stances the fact that in many English
towns wooden houses are standing and
in daily use that were built five hun
dred 3 ears ago.
Last spring a body of Minnesota
farmers organized an exchange at Man
kato, and since then have sold through
it 8100,000 worth of butter at better
average prices per pound than could
have been realized in New York.
The governor of Missouri has ap
pointed Prof. Sylvester Waterhouse,
who has devoted much attention to the
introduction and culture of jute, one
of the commissioners of that state to
the New Orleans exposition.
Farmers who feed cabbage and tur
nips to milch cows should be careful to
reject those that are partially decayed.
They arc certain to impart a bad 11a
vor and odor to tho milk.
Canada exported 95.28G sheep to
Great Britain in 1883, against 89,083
.ent from the United States.
The Church of England's Wealth.
The wealth of the Church of Eng
land in worldly, not spiritual, goods is
just now receiving considerable atten
tion, but speculation has not much
upon which to base itself, for the
reason that no one knows precisely
what its income is, except the two
Archbishops, and they, probably wise
ly, keep the knowledge securely to
themselves. Some of the most valua
ble property in England belongs to
tho church, which has held it ever
since it was taken away from tho Ro
man Catholics by Henry VI II. and be
stowed upon the newly created Bish
ops to make their fealty sure. The
Archbishop of Canterbury, tho Pri
mate of all England, has an annual in
come of $75,0U0, in addition to Lam
beth Palace, his London or city resi
dence. The Archbishop of York, the
Primate of England, receives $50,000
a year, besides two residences and a
largo household of officials. Tho
tithes of somo of the other Bishops
are: London, $50,000; Durham, $35,
000; Winchester, $35,500; Ely, $27,
500; and Bath, Lincoln, Oxford, Salis
bury and Worcester, $25,000 each. The
Bishop of Sodor and Man, who has
neither cathedral nor dean, gets $10,
000 a year for doing nothing, Ameri
ifcfevada sends exhibits to New Or
leans to the value of $60,000.
Consider These Things.
My son, there aro somo things that
boys ought to know. At your ago a
oung man should bo inquiring into
things An apple fell at the foot of
Newton, and while ho was wondering
how it was that apples came down and
cider always went up, ho discovered
the law of gravitation, whereby farm
ers are enabled to put a peck of apples
in a seven-quart basket. Now every
young man should be observant and
thoughtful and study a groat deal
from the book of human nature. How
does it come that your party frequent
ly selects a ninety pound man for a
two-ton congressman? Why does tho
clerk with the smallest salary wear the
best clothes? Why does the smallest
town have tho biggest mayor? Why
is the oath of an amateur" fisherman
considered as void and of no force in
court? Why doso an alarm c'ock
always make tho loudest noise when
you want to sleep? Why does a
man's own do always got licked in a
fight? Why is it that your 2:30 horse
can never trot inside of 3:75 when any
body else is along? Can you rely upon
the parson's word in a horso trade?
And if so, why not? Why is it that
the man who snores always gets to
sleep first? Why is it right to steal
from the government? Why is the
farmer more honest than the city man?
And if so, how many? Why does a
spring chicken live longer than an ostrich?-
Why docs the man with tho
fewest troubles make the most fuss
about them? Why is a man so mucb
better than his neighbors? How is it
that the country gets along just as
well when congress isn't in session?
Why does the man with tho smallest
advertisement always want the biggest
"local?" Why docs an ugly man have
such a profound contempt for personal
beauty? Why does a tramp hate soap?
Do the best men in America rule this
country? Is the president always the
best and wisest man in all the' land?
Does tho judge really and tmly know
more law than any of the lawyers who
practice in his court? Is the member
of congress honestly and truly the
most intelligent and ablest man in the
district? Are tho, members of the
school board men of education? Con
sider these things, my son. It will do
you good to think over them, even
though you may never solve the easi
est conundrum in the lot. Bob Bur
dcllc. Death of J. P. Benjamin's Sister.
Mrs. Rebecca M. Levy, of New Or
leans, a sister of the late Hon. Judah
P Benjamin, died in that city Sunday
last. She was born in 1809 on one of
the islands of the West Indies, and re
moved to Charleston, S. C, in early
girlhood. She married Abraham Le
vy when 18 years of ago, and was left a
widow at the age of 20. Her son Lion
el L. Levy, is a prominent member of
the New Orleans bar. Mrs. Levy
moved to Louisiana with the other
members of tho Benjamin family in
1817. From that date until the break
ing out of the war she dispensed hos
pitality at the homesteads of Judah 11.
Benjamin. One of these homes was
the Bellechassc plantation, in Plaque
mines parish, and tho other and later
one the residence on St. Charles, av
enue, New Orleans, Mrs. Levy was
residing in this New Orleans home
when Cen. Butler, in 1802, issued his
proclamation requiring all persons to
take the oath of allegiance to the
United States, or, in failing to take such
oath to be considered alien enemies.
At the expiration of the time limited
for signif) iug allegiance her residence
was seized for military purposes and
she was rejected without previous no
tice, being the first person in New
Orleans so dealt with. After that she
crossed tho fedeial lines and resided
within the confederacy until the close
of tho war. She then returned to
New Orleans where she has since re
sided. Italtimorc Sun.
FACT AM) FANOY.
Colonel Prhjicvalskv's latest ex
plorations in Thibet have been notably
successful, and he will remain there
throughout the coming wintei. The
climate of tho great plateau, M,500
feet above the sea, he describes as ter
ribly severe. The entire summer was
cold, with occasional snows, the thor
momoter in July often falling many
degroei bolow the freezing point.
Mississippi oxpendod $128,253 for
fertilizers last yoar.
Gophers aro estoomed a delicacy for
tho tablo in Georgia.
Three Mormons havobecn elected to
tho Idaho legislature.
Tho now American Episcopal church
in Pans cost $500,000.
Christmas and New Yoai's day fall
on Thursday this vnnr.
Biblo is tho appropriate name of a,
Bellefontaine, Pa., editor.
Victoria, B. C, is having toublo
with filthy Chinese opium dens.
Boston girls currv their banjos on
tho street in green ilanuel bags.
Tho United States uses three timos
as much paint as any other country.
The perpetual-motion problem has
cost $50,000,000, and isn't solved yot.
Instruction in sowing was introduc
ed in tho Philadelphia public schools
It is said that the illustrations in
Harper" s Magazine for tho last year cost
Within ten years the union will prob
ably number forty-eight instead ot
A Britisher has discovered that
North America was at- one time colo
nized by the Romans.
A man in Tallahassee, Ela., in dig
ging a well, the other day, struck a
deep layer of oyster-shells.
More than G0,000 New Yorkers live
at hotels, and thero aro 100,000
strangers in town every night.
in India cats sometimes have tho
cholera. Thus do tjic most terrible
visitations prove blessings in disguise.
The farm known as "Springfield,"
161 acres, in Fairfax countv, Virignia,
originally a part of the Mount Vernon
estate, was last week sold to J. C.
Way for the apparently small sum of
A novel table decoration designed by
a New York florist was a miniature
forest of spruce, pine, hemlock, and
other branches, beneath which were
scattered pine needles, cones, leaves,
moss, and twigs, as in a natural forest;
and perched 'among the foliage were
partridges, squirrels, owls, and other
reminders oi forest life.
The farmers of Utah aro worried to
find a market for their crops. In
former years that is, up to last year,
Nevada, Idaho, and Montana fur
nished them a good market. Last year
the Oregon Short Line, the Utah and
Northern, and cut rates on the roads
took from them their northern market,
and mining has so declined in Nevada
that there is not much chance for pro
ducers to realize much there.
A syndicate of capitalists, headed
by Albert Owen, of Bellefont, Pa., who,
while editor of The Huntington, (Pa.)
Monitor, had his oflice destroyed by a
regiment of infuriated soldiers, iias
been formed for the purpose of pur
chasing a tract of coast land in North
Carolina, which contains 130,000 acres.
The company proposes to indulge in
diversified farming, raising rice, cot
ton, etc., and to engage in lumbering.
Tho land cost the company $32,500.
The first car-load of oranges ever
shipped direct from the orchard in
Florida to Manitoba arrived recently
at Winno.pcg. A few odd lots have
previously been brought in by express,
but no full car has ever before made
the iourncv direct. This car was shin-
ped from Florida about fifteen days
ago. When it started it was a refrig
erator thoroughly set up in ice. When
it reached Manitoba the ice was nob
needed, but a stove was in full blast to
keep the fruit from freezing.
On an American ship which arrived
at Portland, Oregon, last week, there,
was a young parrot, hobbling about oro
crutches. During a storm about throe
years ago the cage was thrown down,,
tho parrot's legs were caught under
one of the wires, and both were
broken. The captain whittled out two
crutches and bound one to each limb,
leaving tho feet freo. For the lirst ten
days the bird could scarcely move,
but since that time the bones have
knit, and ho is now able to walk,
always taking good caro to preservo'.
his equilibrium. His appetite is go'od,
and in other respects ho is doing tail