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Description of the Office and ltd Hon
rs Anecdote About the Red Hat,
In viow 9f tho pope's adection of
Archbishop Gibbons, oM&Hknorc, as a
membor of the college of cardinals, the
following facts about the cardinalato
will bo found interesting: Tho college
Df cardinals is the aonato and sovoroign
council of the pope in tho government
and administration of tho Catholic
church in Rome and throughout tho
world, and is composed of a number of
ilistinguiahcd ecclesiastics. The office
and dignity of a member of this body is
tormed tho cardinalato. A cardinal can
not, unless invested with the episcopal
character, perform any act that depends
tor its validity upon such a character,
nor can ho lawfully invade the jurisdic
tion of a bishop; but apart from this
his rank in tho church is always, every
where and under all circumstances,
Biiperior to that of any bishop, arch
bishop, metropolitan, primate, or
Although all cardinals are equal
among tnomselvos in. tho principal
things, yet in many points of costumo,
privilege, local office, and rank there
arc distinctions or differences establish
ed by law or custom, tho most impor
tant of which follow from the division
of the cardinals into thrco grades
namely, of bishops, priests, and dea
cons. The membership of the sacred
college is limited to the maximum of
seventy. Tho number.. is seldom com
plete.' In olden times cardinals were
Btrictly obliged to reside near the pope.
Tho greatest act that a cardinal can
perform is to take part in tho papal
election. When a cardinal is living a
long distance from Rome tho election
has been known to occur before he had
time to reach the city.
Tho color of a cardinal's dress is red,
unless he belongs to a religious order,
in which caso he retains that of his
habit, but uses the same shape of dress
as the others. Tho red hat and tho
beretta or red cap arc the most widely
known distinctions of the order. A
good anecdote is told in connection
with tho red cap. Pope Gregory XVI.
was a great admirer of a certain abbot
in Romo, whose habit was white, and
rumor ran that ho would certainly be
made a cardinal. Some time before tho
next consistory tho pope, with a con
siderable retinue, went to visit tho mo
nastery of tho learned monk. When
trays of delicious pyramidal iced
creams were brought in as refreshment
tho pope deliberately took one of the
white ones and handed it to the abbot,
and then toojv a red one for himself.
No one, of course, began eating until
Gregory had tasted first, and while all
oyes wero on him he took the top oft
his own iced cream and put it on the
abbot's, saying, with a smile, as he
looked around him: "How well, gen
tlemen, tho red caps the white." The
abbot was so elated at the subtlo sug
gestion that ho bought a cardinal's out
tit at once. When tho news of the
abbot's precipitancy reached tho popo
ho was so displeased that he scratched
tho abbot's name from the list.
One of the ornaments of a cardinal is
a gold ring set with a sapphire, and on
graved on tho metal surface of the in
sido with the arms of the pope who has
created him. The pope himself places
it upon the cardinal's finger. The
actual valno of this rinj is only $25,
but for many centuries the newly-elected
cardinal has been expected to give a
largo sum of money for some pious pur
pose For a long time tho sum was
larger than at present, and was paid in
fold, but in consideration of the general
istress in the early part of this century
tho amount was reduced to about $750.
Tho last cardinal who gave the full
sum before tho reduction was Doha
Somalgia, in 1705.
The Roman ceremonial shows the
singular importance of tho cardinalato
by tho disposition ,prdorcd to bo made
of its members after death. It is pre
scribed that when life has dopartod a
veil shall bo thrown over tho faco, and
that tho body, dressed in chasuble,
if bishop or priest, shall lie
in state. Tho hat used in his
creation must bo deposited at his feet,
and aftor his funeral bo suspondod over
his tomb. His body must bo laid in a
cypress-wood colli n in tho presence of
a notary and his otlicial family, a mem
ber of which lays at his feet a little caso
containing a scroll of parchment, on
whioli has been written a brief account
of tho more important ovents of his life.
Then the first cofiin is inclosed in an
other of lead, and tho two together in
a third ono of somo kind of hard wood,
each coflin having been scaled with the
seals of the dead cardinal and of tho
living notary. Before the occupation
of Romo by tho Italian government tho
obsequies were vory solemn and im
pressive. The body was borno by night
with funeral pomp of carriages and
torches and long array of chanting
friars to tho church of requiem, where
it remained until tho day appointed for
tho mass, at which cardinals and tho
popo wore present, tho latter giving
tho final absolution. Baltimore Hun.
TEVFICK PASHA'S .'OKE.
Tho Turkish Mlnlator Tells About
Plural Wives and Their Influcnco
Tcvfik Pasha, Turkish minister at
Washington, is not a turbaned Turk,
but all the same a Mohammedan from
way back, says The New York Mail and
Express. He is short in stature, some
what stooped from ago, has a retreat
ing forehead, blue eyes, and gray
whiskers. A reporter had a pleasant
chat with him yesterday and managed
to tract a little Oriental jokeT tho third
one ho has related since he became a
"The war between Turkey and
Greece?" he queried, in response to a
question. "I don't know anything
about it, only what I see in the papers.
1 have no idea what Greece wants, and,
as I haven't even any private advices
on the subject, I must ask to be excused
from discussing the outlook.
"I suppose you know all about the
harem. For it seems the duty of every
European who travels in Turkey to
write about the harem, and ignore the
real jirogrcss of the count vy. Half of
these writers, though, don't know what
a harem means. It may mean madanie
so and so, or mesdames so and so, and
that is all."
"Is it not a place where a husband
keeps his wives?"
"A husband keeps his wife or wives
in his house, as a rule, or in separate
establishments. The Mohammedan re
ligion permits only four wives, and
these under certain conditions, regulat
ed by the Khoranic laws. If the first
wife objects the husband can not bring
a second wife under the same roof; in
deed, he can not marry another at all
unless he is simply able to keep a sepa
rate establishment. The law gives the
wife the right to have her liusband
dragged before the courts if he violates
that rule, and he is dealt with accord
ingly. Plural wives are not universal
among the Turks. I haven't a single
friend in Constantinople, and I have a
good many, who has moro than one
wife. I am told that in Asiatic Turkey
the custom of plural wives among the
peasantry is very common. The first
wife, who works in the field with her
liusband, urges him to marry a second,
a third, and frequently a fourth wife,
in order to have more assistance in till
ing tho farm. These women, too, are
great company for each other, and
help to lighten the common daily bur
dens. "It is the belief among the Moham
medans that if early prayers aro said
forty mornings in succession at the
mosque, before any one else arrives,
the one so doiug shall have good luck
and prosperity. There was a poor man
in Constantinople who was the picture
of bad luck and improvidence. lie
concluded to attempt tho mascot feat.
Every morning early he repaired to the
great mosque of St. Sophia and invari
ably found some ono ahead of him,
thus breaking the charm. One morn
ing, as usual, he discovered the 'earlier
devotee, and, as he proved to bo the
same one all the time, ho thus spoke:
'My friend, I am poor, and need good
luck. For many mornings I have come
hither to pray, each timo earlier than
before. Give mo a chance, toll me how
you get hero earlier than I every day.'
To which the early dovoteo replied: '1
have two wives. When I awako in the
morning one brings mo my slippors,
tho othor my ablution bowl, and by
those wives attending my wants togeth
er I am enabled to bo oil' earlier for
prayers than if Iliad only ono wife.'
The poor man resolved to profit by the
advico. Ho got him another wife, and
in a fow days discovered the real
secret of tho early dovoteo viz: the
war between tho two women made vorj
early morning prayers at tho mosquo a
FAMOUS ENGLISH CARRIAGES.
Those Used on State Occasions by
Queen "Victoria and the Iiord
Mayor of London--How
Thoy Aro Built.
During tho reigns of Anno and of tho
first two Georges most persons of rank
and wealth had carriages. State car
riages of great men of the Goorgian
time aro well illustrated by that of
Lord Darnloy, now at South Kensing
ton. The framework is admirably
carved, and the top covered with
leather, and with guilt coronets at tho
angles. The panels are gaily painted,
and the hinges and other metal work
are modeled in bronze. The reader will
remember carriages like it in etchings
and pictures of Hogarth. Sedan-chairs
carried by two men havo been in use
down to recent times. Persons of rank
went to drawing-rooms and court re
ceptions with a string of sedan-chairs,
accompanied by footmen, each contain
ing one of the ladies of the family.
Such a procession has been described
to the present writer by an eye-witness
as nothing uncommon eighty years
ago. The tops of sedan-chairs aro
hinged arc, in fact, lids which shut
down over the front and sides, and
keop them together when closed.
There are specimens from other coun
tries now in the Kensington museum'
for thoy wero in use all over Europe.
There are, besides the speaker's
coach already noticed, two other state
carriages in London, both built in the
last contury, those of the lord mayor
and her majesty the queen. The form
er was built in tho reign of George II.
It was first used during the mayoralty
of 1757, The framework is carved in
bold acanthus work, after the pattern
of tho Italian acanthus carving on looking-glass
frames, etc., of the day. Tho
upper panels aro of plate-glass. The
royal state coach is of later date-more
fanciful in structure.. The bed of it is
composed of four tritons, who support
the body on massive cables qf carved
oak. The driver's box is plantetT on
tho two front figures, and he has a carv
ed scallop shell for a footboard. Tho
body is composed of eight palm trees,
with trophies on the four angles. A
crown surmounts the center, upheld by
three boys, representing the three king
doms, and holding t.he sword of state
and other insignia. The panels are of
beveled Vauxhall plate-glass. Tho
painting represents groups of allegori
cal figures Britannia, victory, abun
dance, and the virtues. It is drawn bv
eight horses, but it has not been usea
since the death of the prince consort.
Is was designed by Sir W. Chambers,
and the decorations were superintend
ed by Ptealle, a sculptor, and by Capit
soldi and Vouers, decoratorsfcsottleu in
London. Joseph Wilton superintend
ed the painting; the carving is by Nich
olas Collett; the chasing by Coit; the
builder was Butler. The harness is of
morocco, with silver-gilt mounts, made
by Itingstead. It measures twenty
four feet by eight feet three inches; tho
polo is twelve feet long.
Whatever may have been tho skill of
the coach-makers of Hungary, France,
Italy, and other continential countries
during the reign of Louis tho Magnifi
cent and his contemporaries, it seems
indisputable that from the reign of
George III. London builders have held
the palm in structures of this kind.
They were the first to make carriages
good carriages of lighter and moro
convenient shape. Englishmen bred
the best horses, and had a passion for
traveling fast. Tho state carriago of
the Irish chancellor is,' jthough large,
light in comparison with tho older car
riages wo have described, A chariot
mado for George HI. diners from those
old-fashined chariots which havo not
wholly gone out of use, with C surings
and sword cases. The sides aro flatter,
and the foro and hind parts of the bed
aro connected by two perches instead
of one. During the last contury good
English carriages were bought by for
eigners who wanted tho best thing of
tho kind that was then to be "had. There
is ono in tho Hotel do Cluny. Lord Mc
Cartney took English carriages as pres
ents to tho emperor of China when ho
mado his embassy to that potentate.
Thoy wore found by our allies, tho
French, when thoy looted tho summer
palaco of tho reigning emperor during
tho Chinese war, sfuno few years ago.
Thoy wero covered with dust, and it
was believed that thoy had novor taH
put mto uso. Magazine of Art
A man with no enemies is a man with
a "busted" harp.
Hope is the symbol of success, and
despair that of defeat.
Where money alone is king, man
hood is at its lowest ebb.
Honesty is acquired, has no pedigree,
and hence is not inherited.
Cunning is tho chief hobby straddled
by the legs of small intellects.
We all have theories as to the end of
man, but who has proven them?
I know of nothing so scarce as verac
ity, and nothing so plenty as good
It is not good policy to know moro
than the balanco of humanity, even if
Life is long enough for man to ac
complish his end if ho will go to work
and quit scheming.
Satan hasn't much faith in talk, and
many mistake his cunning in this re
spect for wisdom.
God made man, but not tho fools.
They arc the result of humanity's own
The most successful aro not those
alone who hunt for it, but those who
know when tney havo actually found it.
Knowing tho strength of truth the
Bible compilers wero contented to
wrrite in simple words and of few sylla
bles. Let me know what a man thinks of
his family, and I can most generally
pick out the virtues that will fit him
to a T.
Young man, theory is all right
enough, but less theorizing and moro
work will roll up tho cash on the right
side of the ledger.
Young friends, do a great deal of
thinking, but use caution in speech.
Then you will always talk well and at
the right time.
When the devil can show me ono
good tiifng "he" has done for humanity
I'll begin to havo somo hopes' of IifmT5
but not till then.
When man passes that point in lifo
where he is no account in the world be
cause he can do it no good, ho invaria
bly curses it
Happiness is a simple study. To en
joy yourself if you get a chance and to
"grin and bear it" if you do not, is tho
It seems hardly safe to be strictly
honest nowadays. The chances are too
great, and the danger is that both vir
tue as well as vice will skin you.
If money is all a young man can see
in the future, he might just as well play
the idiot as anything else, and insist
upon his wages when due, too.
To write when as full of ideas as a
gun loaded to the muzzle is big fun,
but when dry as a contribution box and
compelled to grind to order it is like
The printing press is an acknowl
edged civilizer, and with it the man
who can spread the most truth in tho
smallest space is autocrat of the world
and cock of the harem.
I preach harmony occasionally, and
believe in it, too, when convenient, but
just so long as a man can find any ono
who diners with him he will not quar
rel with himself; and just so lon as
the world wags people will never think
alike. Neither you nor I would learn
or advance if ideas wero all one-sided.
A Failure in Stirring.
There are lots of people who mix
their religion with business, but forget
to stir it up well. The business in
variably rises to tho top as a result.
Woburn (Miss.) Advertiser.
A marble mantel has a warmer ap
pearance from being decorated by a
lambrequin or scarf. If the former, tho
valance should not fall moro than
twelve or sixteen inches, and a wooden
shelf should bo covered with tho samo
material. Silk, velvet, velveteen, or
felt are all cllective. Tho narrow tassel
fringe forms a good finish, and in em
brofdory, applique work of volvet, or
veiveteen, or felt, a rich appearance.
For this the conventional design aro
A physician who halls from the prohibition;
state of Georgia says that tho heart of "a tur
tle will continue to beat untia it gets dry.