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Indian chieftain. (Vinita, Indian Territory [Okla.]) 1882-1902, March 19, 1896, Image 2

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Buy no Stove, of any description, until you see W. W. Miller's Supply. Full line of Hardware always in Stock.
Indian Chieftain.
SL50 Par ?aax In Advanoe
Pnbllabed Thursdays by
Tub CmxrTAiB rcuisuso CourAKT.
D. X. MARKS, Editor.
M. E. XILFORD, X&n&rer.
VistTA, Ind.Ter., Mch. 19, 1896.
John Ibelasd, ex-governor of
Texas, died at San Antonio Sunday
last of neuralgia of the heart.
would not right the evil to eject
the intruders, for the land would
be purchased by the monopolists.
The land held by the monopolists
should be taken from them and al
lotted to Indian citizens.
The white adopted citizens are
enrolling their names at a rapid
rate since the books were thrown
open without fee.
The Kentucky legislature ad
journed Tuesday without fleeting
a United States senator, after a
stormy session of fixty days in
The Morning Sentinel is the
nstne of a daily paper at Tahle
quah, that will make its appear
ance during the extra session of
The Chicago, Burlington & Quin
cy railroad, lessee of the Atchison
& Nebraska, have secured a right
of way grant through the Sac and
Fox reservation.
An attempt to withdraw by con
gressional enactment all criminal
CJfes, not capital, from the su
preme court and transferring them
to the circuit courts, failed.
In the ibsence of something
more important we would suggest
that the council take up the school
board steal and investigate that
matter thoroughly, for the benefit
of a long-suffering public, before
The Greer county case was de
cided Monday in the supreme
court of the United States in fawr
of the United States. The land
involved embraces a million and a
half acres of land which is added
to Oklahoma. It is nearly all
cupied already.
the Fort Smith district, has made
another speech in the house on
the condition of affairs in this ter
ritory and we must admit tells a
good deal of truth. But Mr. Lit
tle is not altogether consibtent in
reference to the Indian country.
Last summer Mr. Little declaimed
against Judge Parker's court with
great vehemence and rhetoric, and
now he is trying to induce con
gress to restore the jurisdiction
taken away by the act of March
1895, conferring same on the United
States courts of this territory.
The attempt of Mayor Bell to get
his hand into the national treasury
through the pestilential scare that
we are just now passing through is
characteristic of the man, and
shows his readiness to take advan
tage of every opportunity to plun
der his country. Vinita, at the
present stage of the game at least,
does not need the assistance of the
Cherokee government, and the ill
timed cry of her mayor should not
be heeded by council. If the time
ever comes when this city needs
the help of council wo believe it
will be most heartily forthcoming.
But the present call for assistance
comes with might poor grace from
a man who has collected the taxes
of the town for three years and
never made one solitary statement
as to what he has done with the
funds. As to police aSMstance,
other towns are in need of protec
tion against us worse than we need
additional force. Hoolie Bell is
well enough known throughout the
Cherokee nation for every member
of council to be aware of the fact
that in whatever he may propose
there lurks a job, and that if he
succeeds in getting his hand into
the treasury it will take the whole
power of the Cherokee nation to
make him take it out. Help for
Vinita! shame! shame!
Stereos' Sketches in the St Lonls
(ilobe Democrat.
The congress of the United
State3 will hardly take the step
backward of allowing the Fl.Smith
and Paris courts to retain jurisdic
tion over this country. There is
certainly no good reason for drag
ging the people hundreds of miles
in some instances to foreign courts,
away from their friends and neigh
bors, to be tried by courts and ju
ries more or less prejudiced against
them. Any one who is familiar
with Judge Springer's court and
juries can understand that it is
nothing short of an outrage to re
store to Texas and Arkansas the
jurisdiction over this country.
It would be absolutely impossi
ble at this time to in any consider
able measure depict the results of
the pending legislation in congress,
relative to this Indian country.
The indications are very clear that
tribal autonomy is soon to be sup
planted by a system of government
under the immediate supervision
of the United States government.
But just what effect the change
will have upon the Indians is a
matter of some conjecture. It is
not the policy of the government
to deprive the citizens of this ter
ritory of any of their property
rights, but rather to protect and
eecure them in the same; just how
this is to be done does not yet ap
pear. The efiect of allotment
would undoubtedly be the final
breaking up of monopoly of the
public domain, but allotment of
land without the granting of indi
vidual title would leave the land
question yet unsettled, and neces
sitate at some future tijue another
division, as the title is vested
the whole tribe.
The house Indian committee was
enlightened on territory matters
last week 03' Capt. McKennon,
"who dwelt chiefly on the subject of
monopoly. It had been denied, he
a.iid, that land monopolies existed,
and to sustain this charge, made
by the commission he read a pe
tition signed by 520 Cherokee citi
zens asking a remedy for the evil.
Investigations of the commission
had been blocked by the legis
latures of the tribes. That these
bodies were corrupt, he said, was
an undoubted fact, and was testi
fied to by numerous communica
tions which he read. At present
it was impossible for a young In
dian man to obtain a farm without
paying for it. One person .'irlually
owned thirty farms and twenty
three persons controlled 174,000
acres of the bet land in the Cher-i
okee nation.
The Indian Sentinel last week
printed a labored homily on The
Chiettain's "campaign of educa
tion" and tries to figure out that
this paper was plaj-ing in a new
role to what it was during the cam
paign last summer. The Chief
tain for the last five years has
warned the Cherokt-es, full bloods
and all. that a change was in store
for them as a people, and has per
sistently implored them to get
ready for it. As to the reference
to the patronage given the paper
last summer from the Downing
party wo have this to say: We
preferred to support Maye and the
Downing party purely as a matter
of choice, and did not then nor do
not now owe the party any favors
and are not under obligations to it
in any eent-e. The Chieftain has
a large circulation in the upper dis
tricts among the most intelligent
people in the country. It espoueed
the cause of Sara -Mayes and his
party because it honestly believed
and believes yet that the Cher
okee government would be safer in
their hands than in the hand- of
the Nationals. Where The Chief
tain circulated most the country
went for Mayes and the Downing
party by tremendous majorities.
If being loyal to the Downing
party would mean that the paper
should be hampered in any way in
the expression of honest opinion
then it is not loyal to the Downing
party, for it positively will not be
hampered by any. But how is it
that the two gentlemen who edit
and publish the "official organ" of
the Downing party know eo much
about last summer's campaign and
The Chieftain latch string?
Where do they get their informa
tion? Is it not barely possible that
the secretary of the school board
is controling the dyed-in-tho-wool
Downing organ? Eh?
Rill Reported Favorablj.
A Washington dispatch to the
Globe Democrat, of date March 13,
is as follows:
The house committee on judici
ary made a favorable report to-day
on the bill introduced by Mr Lit
tle, of Arkansas, to extend the ju
risdiction of the federal courts of
Kansas, Arkansas and Texas ovei
Indian Territory.
The report was based on some
sensational testimony which was
given before the committee. This
testimony was in the form of state
ments submitted by agents of the
Wellb-Fargo, Adams and United
States express companies, that it
tvas their belief that there had been
collusion between Indian Territory
court officers and the robbers who
had made frequent raids on their
exprcts cars, to shield the nbbers
from detection and punishment.
They had, they ttated, informa
tion, which they believed reliable,
that there would be danger to ex
press trains from robbers in the fu
ture, and owing to the conspiracy
which they were firmly convinced
existed in Indian Territory to
fhield outlaws from punishment,
they would feel compelled to stop
doing business in the territory un
less they were afforded more ade
quate protection than they had
reason lo expect from the Indian
courts. Tiie charges of collusion
are indefinite, no names being given
or case cited
While the bill has been favoia
bly reported, no action will be
taken on it by the house until after
the Dawes commission bill is dis
posed of, as the Dawes commission
bill provides for the establishment
of federal courts in Indian Terri
tory and the complete abolition of
the Indian courts.
The right of petition which was
established by John Quincy
Adams' persistent fight of ten
years in tho house has just been
exercised in an extraordinary man
ner by the people of north Texas.
Across Red rivor from these grain
growers and law-abiding citizens is
the great reservation of the Kio
was, Comanches and Apaches,
known as the Fort Sill country.
It is a land of wooded mountains,
clear streams and fertile valeys.
Years ago the government, through
a commission, made a contract
with the Indians to allot lands in
severalty, take the surplus pay
for it and open it to white settle
ment. The Fort Sill country is
all that lies between continuous
civilization from Kansas to Texas.
Inaction by congress and the pe
culiar attitude of the Cleveland ad
ministration toward the Indian
Territory have left the contract
unfulfilled. The Fort Sill country
it still a reservation held by a few
Indians and leased at nominal
rental to cattle barons. It affords
a retreat whence outlaws sally
forth to rob banks and railroad
trains and to commit all manner
of depredations.
Tin memorial of which copies
are being received by many con
gressmen, is ghastly. It embraces
three pictures. Ono of them pre
sents the handsome face of a
young man, below which is print
ed in large type:
'Frank Dorsey, the murdered
cashier of Wichita Falls, Texas,
who was shot down by Indian Ter
ritory desperadoes February 25,
1S96, one of the latest victims of
the gang of outlaws w'jo inhabit
the United States government-protected
home for criminals, former
ly known as the the Fort Sill coun
try, in the Indian Territory." -
The next picture presents the
outstretched bodies of Foster Craw
ford and Elmer Lewis, alias "The
Kid.' the outlaws. It was taken
after they hid been lynched for
the murder of the cashier. Be
neath this picture is printed:
"The federal government, not
the people of Texas are responsi
ble for the murders committed.
"Samples of the many criminals
hatched and protected by the fed
eral government in the Fort Sill
country. Indian Territory, who
kill law-abiding citizens."
The third picture shows another
dead outlaw, his belt of cartridges
still buckled on him and his Win
chester by his side. It is labeled:
"Jos. I' Beckham, member of
the gang of outlaws who inhabit
the Fort Sill country, Indian Ter
ritory Beckham and others of
tho gang robbed the store of AH
Bailey, December 26, 1S95, in
Wichitr county, Tex , and would
have killed him had he resisted.
The outlaws were followed by the
Texas rangers and Beckham met
his death in the fight "
The people of north Texas pe
tition congress for the opening of
the Fort Sill country, and they of
fer the pictures as reminders of
long-neglected dutj
Nearly all the manuscripts of
Charles Dickens' works are ac
counted for, but that of "Nicholas
Nickelby" has disappeared and no
trace of it can be found. The man
uscript of "Pickwick" was never
. wn t. A W a J f a -t I nl T !.- .4mav
ijiLTCi cii ill ua riiiiicij', uui aiiuj
fragments have turned up in va-
ihe share of over 1000 citizens. It rious parts of the worjd.
The time was when an. earnest
protest from an Arkansas congress
man against the sale of liquor in
the capitol at Washington would
have been considered more notable
than it was yesterday. Temper
ance sentiment has been making
headway in the south. The vice
president of the Congressional
Temperance Society is a southern
er John Allen, of Misibsippi
Mr Little, the Arkansas member
who assailed the senate and house
bar rooms so vigorously, is a na
tive of the state he represents.
His protest was timely. Whisky
used to be served by the capitol
caterers under the name of "cold
tea," and those who bought drank
out of cups. There is no subter
fuge about the sale at present.
Champagne corks pop loudly, and
all kinds of drinks are served in
the glasses which custom associ
ates with them. Wine lunches are
given in committee rooms, especi
ally at tli senate end. The res
taurant privileges are much sought
after, and it is because they carry
with them the sale of liquor.
Mr. Little was right when he
denounced the present condition
as a public disgrace. He possibly
weakened his case, however, when
he concluded with a tribute to the
sobriety of public men, and said it
was a rare thing to see one of them
intoxicated. The fact is, tnere
have been several di.-graceful
scenes upon the floor of this con
gress, all due to the rent-free bar
rooms established by congress In
thecoureofa night session re
cently a western senator was in
the midst of a set speech, when
another senator slowly arose with
his hand on the corner of his desk.
The hand slipped; the senator
lunged forward, but recovered his
hold on the de?k before he went
down. The senator who wa6
speaking stopped.
"Ur! Ur! Ur! Ur!" began the
other in a hesitating tone, as he
swayed to and fro.
"1 entirely agree with the sena
tor from Blank," sang out the one
who had the floor, with ready wit.
The senator.leaningon his desk,
twisted his head and looked sol
emnly at the other.
"Thass all ri'," he said, and
sank into his peat.
People in the galleries tittered
and the speech went on.
The house during this session
has had two or three case not
quite bo pronounced, but still plain
of land, all the rest to be held in
common, for the benefit of the tribe
As far as civil cases are concerned
either party is to have the right to
take the case into the United
States courts, if ho desires, but where
both parties prefer to have the de
cision of a tribal court it is permit
ted. It will be seen that the bill is
hardly less radical in the reforms
which it pronoses than tho Dawes
commission bill. The fact that it
is to be proposed by Congressman
Curtis, who has all along been the
Indian's chief champion on the
committee, indicates that Indian
legislation by the present congress
is now a certainty In losing Con
gressman Curtis as a supporter the
Indians have lost their last hope
of holding off action. The proba
bility is that the committee will
adopt a compromise between the
Dawes bill and the Curtis bill.
The Cherokee Indians have just
issued a brief, which they will file
with the committee, in which they
will set forth their grounds of op
position to the proposed territor
ial legislation. In regard to that
section of the Dawes bill which
provides for'the abolition of the
tribal courts they say:
There could not be a more di
rect and flagrant yiolaton of the
solemn promises and plighted faith
of the United States. a contained
in the treaties of 1835 and 1SGG.
It would not only result in taking
the jurisdiction from the tribal
courts, but it destroys their govern
ments as well. Without a judic
iary to intepret and enforce law a
legislature would be a fares and an
executive officer a painful remind
er of false promises and broken
"The enactment of this section
would result in robbing tho full
blood, whom it is the avowed in
tention of congress to protect. Ho
knows nothing of civil law or fed
eral procedure. Many do not
understand the English language,
and having inherited the idea as
well as adapted themselves to it of
common propety, they would
abandon property rightfully theirs
rather than contend in a Cviiirt to
which they are strangers. This is
no mere assertion, but a part nl
their past hi.tory. If our people
are satisfied with their own ju
diciary, why not let them alone?
Their laws are printed in both
languages, so that they can read
and understand them "
In regard to the proposed allot
ment of lands they say:
"How can you divest one of the
use of lands patented to the tribe,
legally acquired, when the laws of
the respective nations,under which
he acquired it, were authorized by
the treaties with the United States?
Congress has no more right to force
a division of the use of the lauds
of the Cherokees than it has to
compel heirs to an estate to indi
vidualize their interest, or share
holders of a corporation to divide
their stock. This is not a political
Cherokee Hill rajs the Death renaltj
for His Manx Crimes.
Tuesday Cherokee Bill died up
on the gallows for the murder of
Ernest Melton as Lenapah, I. T.,
Nov. 9, 1894. He spent Sunday
writing a long letter to the public
but the only parts of his criminal
career he touched upon were the
shooting of "a grown man who tried
to whip me" at Ft. Gibson in 1893
and the robbery of the Frisco train
at Red Fork. He complained at
not having had a fair trial. He
does not mention the Lenapah af
fair, though he had at several times
lately denied having had any con
nection with the affair. He re
mained silent on the subject from
the time of his incarceration until
a few days before an application
was made for his pardon. He be
gan making preparations for death
last Ihursday and Saturday the
death watch was mounted. He
was baptized by Father Pius in the
morning. He said last week that
he would make no talk on the gal
lows and would die as bravely as
he could. His execution took
place before noon, as he wanted
his mother to take his body home
on the afternoon train.
Two thousand persons assem
bled around the jail to get a
glimpse of the noted desperado as
he was being taken to the scaffold.
The crimes of Crawford Goldsby,
"Cherokee Bill, were numerous
for his cold blooded viciousncs3
gained for him the appellation of
the "Gorilla." He was a half
breed, and was born at Ft. Gibson,
I. T., in 1S76 At the age of 14 he
had a diffculty with four men, and
tie was tne aggressor, they gave
him a sound drubbing. He vowed
vengence, and soon alter shot one
of the men. Then he took to
"scouting" as the outlaws call it,
and became the worst desperado
that ever cursed the Cherokee
country. His Winchester was his
constant companion, and villages
and towns trembled at the ap
proach of the 'Gorilla." He
seemed to have a mania for killing
men. He was ejected from a train
at Ft. Gibson for not paying his
fare, and he killed the trainman,
Samuel Collins. He killed his
brother-in-law, Joseph Brown, be
cause ho thought Brown had got
ten more of the parental estate
than was dm him. At the "half
way house" on June 27, 1894, he
killed Sequoyah Houston in a
fight, and it was about the only
killing at Bill's hands wherein he
did not have all the advantage.
This fight led to tho formation of
the "Cook gang" and on July IS,
1S94, they robbed a Frisco "train
in broad daylight at Red Furk, I.
T. Soon after this Cook and Cher
okee Bill separated, the latter being
too utterly bloody for Cook. The
scaffold on which Cherokee Bill
ivii executed ha" a most grue-'ome
appearanse and a ghostly record.
It is marie ot
A Denison correspondent writes:
"Four families from the Illinois'
was the intention of the national
council that there is a tax due the
nation on everv bushel of coal I district of the Indian Territorv ar
mined and sold, except as provid- rived in Denison and will locate in
in o;uiuu uio ui iuu auie , 11113 UUUUbV. 111C I1CUU3 ui
ed for
act, which says: "Nothing in this
act shall operate to prevent any
citizen of this nation from buying
coal at any mine or bank for his
own use free of tax "
1 take this section to mean pre
cisely what it says That is, that
in order for the citizen to get coal
free of tax, he must purchase at
the mine or bank where it is being
mined. You will observe that
this exception is not made in re
gard to any other mineral. There
is a late mineral law restricting
parties to one acre of land for min
ing purposes and, in my opinion,
the intention of said late act is to
prohibit, to a large extent, the fur
ther mining business in this nation
With this act you will probably
have but little concern.
I know of no act of the national
council authorizing any citizen of
this nation to open up a coal bank
on his or her premises and ship
the same without first obtaining
a license and paying the royalty
as required by law expressly pro
vided for in the act first above
quoted from, and any person or
persons who shall mine and ship
without first obtaining a license
shall be subject to the fines and
penalties set forth in section 679
page 341, compiled laws of the
Cherokee nation.
Very respectfull' ,
R. F. Wyly,
Att'y Gen., C. N.
rough, strong tun-
but clearly a property right, for if hers, protected only by a plank
you can allot the use of the land, roof. It stands just inside the
unquestionably you have the au- walls of the old fort at a point
thnritv to individualize the fee. where the magazine was once situ
ated. The trap is of long folding
fjouffrcssman Curtis' Substitute The
Clierplees' Remonstrance.
Congressman Curtis, of Kansis,
has introduced a bill in the house
which is intended to bo a substi
tute lor the Dawes commission
bill, as reported in a Washington
dispatch. It will provide that all
criminal cases in the territory
must be tried in the United States
courts. It also provides for an
equitable svstem of leasing lands,
for a period of from one to twenty
years. Another provision is that
no njan shall hold over 160 acres
Congress has no constitutional
right to interfere with rights under
treaties, except in cases purely political."
In regard to those sections of the-J
Dawex bill which authorize the
commiskion to cause lo be surveyed
and laid out town sites at such
places as they may' deem expedi
ent. the argument of the Indians is
"The unlimited authority con
ferred on tho commission by sec
tion 6 is most dangerous and an
tagonistic to a republican form of
government. It places it within
the discretion of the commission to
lay off any or all of the lands of
the five tribes for town sites.
"Section 13 is clearly unconsti
tutional, in that it divtts the sev
eral tribes of the United States of
occupancy ot lands bought and pat
ented to them undoubtedly vested
rights and grants the same to any
claimant, citizen or non-citizen,
upon the tender of the appraised
value. Without any trial or 'due
process of law,' it authorizes the
confiscation of property for private
use. If in this manner a single lot
can be taken, those tribes are not
secure under their patents in pos
session of a single aero of land.
The right of eminent domain im
plies that the purpose for which it
may be exercised must not be a
mere private one, and congress has
no power to take the property of
one individual and pas it over to
planks and would "accommodate"
almost a dozen murderers, but six
at a time is its largest record. In ail
ninety-three murderers have been
executed ou this scaffold. Judge
Parker has .-entenced 154 murders
to death, but Cherokee Bill was.
the nenety-third executed of that
Freeland Bruner, who is on trial
for robber', is a brother-in-law of
Rufus Buck and is oi. trial for a
holdup committed by them,
u. s. COURT.
John B McGill, robbery; mis
trial. Clew Cochrane, Roy Wegburn
and John Wegman, assault; verdict
not guilt'.
Perry Brewer and Tom Shade,
larceny; verdict not guilty.
John Bliss, same.
Ben Jones, same.
Charles Aldrich, assault, same.
Joe Reed and Henry Nolatubbe,
larceny; verdict guilty.
Joseph Burnes. assault; mistrial.
Leitz Ball, assault; verdict not
John B. Ilprdy, Eiiinc.
Joe Hall, assault; verdict guilty.
Robert Hattabaugh, counterfeit
ing; verdict guilty.
Milton Hattabaugh, passing
counterfeit money, same.
Jack Smith, violating, same.
Jim Gravson, Lee Poleau, Bill
l'ettis and
Short Talks on Advertising.
Intelligent stock raisers know
that a certain amount of feed is
necessary to keep au animal alive.
They might feed that amount as
long as it lived and it would never
gain a pound. There is no profit
in that kind of feeding. The kind
that pays is the kind that builds
flesh rapidly. If it takes twenty
pounds of feed a day to keep a
sheep alive, twenty five pounds a
day will make it g.iin flesh. The
first five pounds amount to noth
ing, nor does the second, or third
or fourth five pounds.
It is about the same way with
advertising. You have to do a
certain amount to overcome the
passive resistance of the public.
You have to do a certain amount
of advertising to make them wake
to the fact that you are in business
at all. You have to pay a certain
amount to keep your advertising
alive. What you pay abovo that
amount brings profit.
Some advertisers fail because
they do not uso enough space.
They use barely enough, or some
times not quite enough, to make
the advertising self sustaining. A
little bit more would make it
profitable. It is better to adver
tise a little bit too much than not
families said that they were driven
out of the territory by the Chero
kee officials. They claimed to
have leased farms there for the
term of one year, but after the de
cision of Judge Springer of the
United States court they were
ousted. The decision of the court
is that all persons who have leased
lands from others than the Cher
okees themselves or occupy by the
right of any sublease of lands are
'squatters,' and the Cherokee offi
cials have a perfect right to order
them to leave. No leases are valid
unless direct from the Indians
themselves. The party arriving
here last night are only the fore
runner of numerous others who are
affected by the decision of the
court and who will have to leave
the Indian lands."
Watt Wafford, (col), was arrest
ed last week by Deputy Ed Reed
out fifteen miles west of Wagoner.
Wafford is wanted for cattle steal
ing and several other depredations
committed in the past few years.
Some time ago he made his escape
from the Cherokee penitentiary
where he was serving out a sen
tence. His career as an outlaw
is in all probability about ended,
as he finds himself in the clutches
of the law Verily the way of the
transgressor is like Arkansas beef
very tough.
Senator-elect J. D. Yeargain will
leave Sunday for Tahlequah. to be
in attendance at the convening of
the Cherokee council. Mr. Year-
gain is the youngest man ever
elected to the upper house of the
Cherokee legislature. The Chero
kee law requires a senator to be 25
years of age, and Mr. Yeargain has
passed that age by only a few
months. S. W. City Enterprise.
D. M, MARRS & CO.,
Conveyances Made, Etc.
Can save you money
buying- city property.
Upstairs in Skinner Bld'g.
Wanted-An Idea
Who can Mfr
of soma aftnpia
thins to Datent?
Protect your Ideas: they may bring you wealth.
Write JOHN WEDDEBBtTRN 4 CO, Patent Attor
neys. Washington. D. C for their SLSOO prise offer
ana lut
it ot two hundred lnrentlona waal
For Iadlswtleo. BllIaasatM. ---
I Ctfnplexloa, Offeiut.e flreata.
ana au disorders ot the Fy"
tirer and Bowelj-
act arently ret promptly. TVrrec
uinuoa louawm ueir nsa. eoia
DjdmgrittM or sent by mall.
BUMJia ClimiCAI. co10flpreeSL.H.T.
Judge Springer has decided that
intruders, in the Cherokee country
have no status in his court at all.
This places the "intruder" beyond
redress of grivences. He had as
well leave the Cherokee country
for the government is evidently
bent on making it too warm for
him to stay there with any degree
of comfort. Ex.
Jim Stovens, murder:
another, even for a full compensa- j verdict from box not guilty. They
lion, unless it is for a public pur-' were charged with the murder of
pobc. iNor would it be material lo one swainng in me fceininole na-
inquire what quantum ot interest
would pass from him; it would be ,
sufficient that some interest had '
been taken against his will; and if
taken for a purely private purposr,
it would be unlawful." j
The Indians are completely did- j
concerted bv tho conversion of!
Congressman Curtis to the Dawes j
side of the case
edly disposed
to the limit
the facts which have been brought
out both before the Indian aff.tirs
committee and the judiciary com
mittee as to the corruption of the
Indian courts were too much for
him, and he is now convinced that
the institution of reforms is imper
atively necersary.
tion, near the Oklahoma line.
15. I
ase. He was undmbl- 33G com,,ne(i aW8 0r the
d to favor tho Indians kc iali Stfts forth that
of 1;ls conscience, but erals 0f wlatever descriptii
In anticipation of the proposed
disbursement of the 520,000
awarded to the old settlers or west
ern Cherokee Indians by a recent
judgment of the court of claims,
Agent Wisdom says that all parties
who intend to draw either as ad
ministrator of an estate or as
guardian of minors, must have let
ter's of guardianship or administra
tion papers as the case may be.
These letters must be certified by
the clerk of the court from wtience
they are issued that they are true
and correct copies of the original
on file in his office and that the
judge who signed tho same was, at
the time of signing, tho duly recog
nized and accredited judge of said
court. Care should be taken in
spelling the names, as the' must
be exactly similar to tho ones as
given to the Old Settler commis
sion. Tho amount duo each orig
inal beneficiary on the old settler
roll is $1500. Phoenix.
Attoruer General N'ylj Defines It-Coal
Mining aud its Provisions by law.
Olllce Attorney General.
vuerokeo gallon.
March 7. 1MW.
Hon. It. W IIie, treasurer Cherokee nation:
The declaration in Sec. 074. page
all min-
I peeled or mined for in this nation
shall be under the control of the
national council. In pursuanco of
this declaration bee bo ot the
mineral act declares in substance
that ani'and every person, corpor
ation, elc, who proposes to engago
in mining any of said minerals,
permitted to be mined by the laws
of the Cherokee nation, shall, be
fore engaging in said business, ob
tain from the treasurer a license
for that purpose, and this licnse
shall clearly describe the metes
and bounds in which the mining
is to be done. No mining for any
minerals as contemplated by the
act above referred to can be carried
on in this nation without a license
from the treasurer and the filling
of abond to his satisfaction in the
amount of 5,000 with good and
sufficient security.
Under this act a sub-lessee is
subject to the ?ame restrictions
and obligations to the nation as
the party or parties from whom
he subleased.
Suction G76 of the same act speci
fies the amount of tax due the na
tion by parties mining under the
laws of said nation as a royalty
for the privilege of engaging in
such business.
This act clearly shows that it
A Temperance Parable.
Ami it came to pass as a certain
man journeyed from the cradle to
the grave lie fell among saloon
keepers, who robbed him of his
money, ruined his good name, de
stroyed his reason and then
knocked hiin out worse than dead.
A moderate drinker came that way
and when he saw he said: "Ho is
but a dog; ihe served him right.
Let him die; he is a curse to his
family." And als-o a license voter
came that way and when he saw he
said: "The brute. Put a ball and
chain on his leg and work him on
the street." And a fanatic teeto
taler came that way and when he
saw him he had compassion on
him and raised hiin up, assisted
him to his home and ministered to
his wants and the wants of his fam
ily, got him to sign the pledge and
started him on his journey m com
fort and happiness. Whom think
you was the greater friend to hu
manity the saloon keeper, the
moderate drinker, the license voter
or the fanatic teetotaler? Rev. A.
J. Gordon, P. D.
Lord Selborne drew up nis own
will and left some money to St. Mat
thew's church. Ulackmoor, in rather
significant terms, for, "for maintain
injr divine service therein according- to
the order and principle of the Church
of England, whethor connected for the
time with the state as an established
church or not."
The Frauenkirche (church of Our
Lady), at Dresden, is built entirely of
stone, even to the dome, which is of
such solid construction tkat the shells
and balls directed agaist it by Freder
ick the Great, during the seven years
war, in 1760, rebounded from its sur
face. The inside is fitted up just like
a theater, with pit, boxes, etc.
A Ioer.
l'rof. Zunkcr, the famous orientalist,
one day receited the copy of an inscrip
tion which n friend and udmirer of his
declared he had found in a medieval
tome. The tender asked him to de
cipher the mysterious extract, prom
ising to forward the aIunbIe old man
uscript as soon as he got it from its
owner, a relative of his. The inscrip
tion ran as follows:
weU begun Is half done. Begin
well by getting terry's hefij.
uoni let cnance determine
your crop, but plant Kerry
seeds. Known ana sola
Before you plant, get
Ferry's Seed Annual
for 1S96. Contains more nraa-'
tlcal Information for farmers R--
and gardeners than many high- ?.
priced text books. Mailed free. &
D. a. ncKY a co, Drraorr, aiciLjggyC -
Zasa Xjz&iam&yi
The Indian bosses are said to ba
moving heaven and earth in their
attempt to secure the passage of a
bill allowing the courts at Paris
and Fort Smith to retain their ju
risdiction of this country. These
people have a wholesome horror
of a court that will accord to them
the same punishment given to or
dinary citizens. They are accus
tomed to their own courts.in which
the gravest crimes are but matters
of so many dollars to be paid in the
way of bribes, and have also been
vary leniently treated b' the fed
oral courts, the question of juris
diction being always interpreted in
their favor. Sinco the courts have
come closer home to them and the
judges, by residence hero, have far
miliarized themselves with the
true situation, the Indian has been
treated by the courts without that
feeling of veneration that seems to
have heretofore governed dealings
with them and they have been
made am'enable to the laws en
forced against other residents of
this country. One great cause of
their present activity is said to bo
the recent ruling of Judge Kilgore
against the right of an Indian to
load himself down with as many
weapons a5 his own sweet will
prompted him to carry. This de
cision is said to bo strongly dis
cussed among the lords of the
forest and they eagerly lend them
selves to the wiles of the Texas
and Arkansas gangs who think that
this country has no rights their lo
cal hash houses are bound to re
spect. Purcell Register.
Vinita Nurseries
Are growing a full line of
Apple, Peach, Pear, Plum,
Cherry, and other fruit
trees, together with
Grape Vines,
small fruit,
If you want to nlant a few trees,
or a large orchard it will pay you
to visit these Nurseries and select
what you want, or write for prices,
and order what vou want.
Tho best locomotives ara now
built at a cost not to exceed $10,000
while in 1SG4 a high-class locomo
tive cost S25.000 to S27,000. The
United States government bought
fifty locomotives in war times and
paid 827.000 for each ol them.
Good car wheel are now made for
$14 50 apiece, ten years ago they
cost 825 each, and in the early
as high as $110 was paid
This week a story came to the
city that a paity down the river
had killed 21 ducks at two idiots.
T. R. Smiley and Sam Flake im
mediately left for the 6cene. Tulsa
New Era.
Address Vinita Nurseries,
Vinita, Ind. Ter.
Boss Bluejacket,
East of Track,
Dry Goods,
en s Uotmng
Good Goods,
Pleasing Prices.
Try me on for a square
0 jfcfl j
3 z rl
Your adJreu, with lx cents
in sumps, nuiled to our Head
quarters, II Klitt SL, Bntis,
Xiss., will bnnryou s full lino
of samples, and rules for self
measurement, of our justly fa
mous S3 pants : Suits, 1 1&3 ;
Orercoats, f 10.25, and up. Cut
to order. Agents wanted ererj
where. New PljmoDth Rota Co.
St. Louis and Kansas City
St. Paul and Minneapolis.
Vestibuled Trains witfi Sleepers, Chair
Gars (Ire?) and Dining cars.
Kansas City to Eastern Cities
via Chicago or Peoria.
L. W. Wakeley, C. P. A..
Howard Elliott, Cen. Mgr.,
L. J. Brlcker, T. P. A.,
Through Route
Omaha, X'vio'blo, X3onror
Pullman Buffet Sleeping Cars & Free
Reclining Chair Cars
l)lly Between
Glngar Ale. Champagn Cldar,
Soda Water of AU Kinds,
Carbonated Seltzer Watat
Hat Soda and Chooolata, '
Tsrj rtfdar tmirul Brisk,
Sherry and Blackberry Wine,
All Qoods Hada from Strictly
Pure Sugar and Fruit Juicesl
tntt TTtm StrroaadUf Towns ItUsIt4.
Greatest Retail
Store in the West.
103 DEPAirrMENTS-STOCK.S,a30,ooo
D17 Good-MniInerj Ladle, Salt-XotIon-BoT'
CIotMnc Men'i Famishing 6hoe Jewelrr
SIlTerwre Book Furniture Cirpeti Will
Pmper Hrd wire Cindle-JTeir Tea Boom.
Why You Should Trade Here
The auortment 1. the greatest la the West
under obq roof.
One order-one cheek one .hlpment win lit ion
out complete.
We bur for pot eh onr prlcei ire conse
quently the lowett.
Moner refunded on nssatlsfttorr guods If re
turned at once.
Handsome IS-pafe mns'rated Catalogue Just
out of press free by re!!.
Come to the Big Store if you can,
Toawftlbemade welcome. If yon can't come,
send for our new catalogue tree by man.
Emery, Bird, Thayer & Co.,
sreexsaoas to
Geu'l Pass'rfc j..jket Agt.,

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