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VINITA DAILY CHIEFTAIN.
VOL XIV. NO. V, VINITA, OKLAHOMA, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER !'.. 1912. FIVE CENTS PER COPY L 15 State Superintendent Calls Governor'5 Recommendation a Policy of Annihilation. Oklahoma City, Nov. 19. That Gov ernor Cruce's recommendation, to the legislature that It abolish eleven state institutions of learning is a "policy of annihilation," and, if successful would be an "education tragedy such as was never known before," is the expressed opinion of State Superin tendent Robert H. Wilson, as incor porated i:i his annual report to the legislature. The report does not mention Gover nor Cruet, nor his message, but is too plainly directed at it for any other than the obvious conclusion that it was the point the state superintendent was aiming at. The six normal schools, the secondary agricultural schools and the two university preparatory schools are those at which Governor Cvuce aims hla "retirement" program and it is these institutions that Superintendent Wilson now specifically takes up arras in behalf of. Superintendent Wilson lirst takes up the entire system of state institutions as it now exists in Oklahoma, and de fends the system, with quotations from such authorities as the Rt. Hon. James Bryce, the eminent English statesman and author, who said of the western states of America: "A wiversity of schools, though lacking in centraliza tion and economy, provides wide spread educational stimuli to all the people." The state superintendent of Maine is quoted to the point that in stitutions scattered about as they are in Oklahoma, "has a tendency both to increase considerably the total enroll ment and to uphold educational stand ards in the various sections of the state." Dr. Howeth Quoted. Dr. Howeth of Chicago university, is quoted as follows: "Oklahoma, I observe, has, on the one hand, an unusually large . number of state educational institutions though it is surpassed in that respect by some of the older states, notably Pennsyl vania and New York. On the other hand it has relatively few privately endowed chools nud colleges: very few in comparison say, with Kansas and Missouri, each with about a score, not to speak of Iowa with twenty-three and Ohio with thirty-three. Theoreti cally this should be an advantage, for it should be easier to systematize the educational work of a state in which provision for education is made almost wholly by the state. And system, if not obtained at the expense of vitality, is, in education as well as business, essential to the highest economy and efficiency." Adjustment, Not Abolition. Superintendent Wilson argues that at the most all that is needed is ad justment. Abolition o fthe institutions he most emphatically disapproves. As to the normal schools, his argument may be thus briefly summed up. The purpose Of n normal is to train school teachers. Oklahoma smploya 10,000 school teachers a year. It takes 2,000 new teachers a year to fill the vacan cies. The Oklahoma normals as they now stand, six in number, can turn out about 7f0 teachers annually. There fore, not less, but if anything, more normals are needed. He says: "Un forunately this shortage must be met by choosing stronger from out of the stale, and tho: 9 who have only parti ally completed their professional courses and others who come from the ranks of the wholly unprepared. Does this indicate that we have too many normals? If there is further doubt in our minds about the question, we should take into consideration the ad ditional fact that not more than 20 per cent of the teachers engaged in our elementary schools this year have ever iiad any special training for their work and that mote than 70 per cent of them .ire teaching on low grade county certi ficates. ! ' It may be said, of couse, that most of those who are thus lacking in their professional and academic training, are teaching in the rural schools. While this is true, we know of no rea son why one community or another set of children should be obliged to endure the untrained teacher. "The complaint is sometimes heard that our normals in Oklahoma are not confining their activities to the true sphei : that t hey are admitting imma ture students; and that they are doing work that ought to be done by our loea high schools. This is doubtless SYSTEM DEFENDED true, but it should be remembered that our law permits boys and girls to en ter the teaching profession at the age of sixteen years; and that the demand for teachers in Oklahoma has heen so great that the immature and the un prepared have always been able to se cure positions in our public schools. To meet this condition it has seemed advisable to maintain preparatory de partments in all of our normal schools. We admit, that such conditions are far from the ideal, but we should bear in mind that educational ills are of such a nature I hat they cannot be cured in a day." Schools for Common People. As to the prepartory schools at Claremore and Tonkawa, Superintend ent Wilson is of not quite so strong a mind, though urging that they be re tained. "Schools are assets, not lia bilities," he says. And here, as with regard to the other institutions which he so warmly defends, he says: "In other words, the problem of efficiency here is only one of adjustment." He speaks of the normals, secondary agri cultural schools, preparatory schools, university, A. & M. college, etc., as "essentially the schools of the com mon people," and in specific insist ence upon the importance of the sec ondary agricultural schools at Broken Arrow, Warner, Tishomingo, Law ton, Helena find Good well, speaks as fol lows: "Another branch of our system of state schools that has been called into question In our district agricultural schools. It has been said that these branch schools are not, needed, that they are an unnecessary burden upon the taxpayer and that they have no proper place in our scheme of educa tion. If this be true, it is very un fortunate that the movement in favor of such schools is growing so rapidly throughout all the agricultural states in the Union. Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota and Virginia have estab lished a number of such schools. Maine has appointed a legislative com mission to report on ways and means of promoting agricultural education in rural districts of the state; in 1911, a bill passed both houses o fthe Mis souri legislature authorizing the es tablishment of county agricultural schools throughout the state. Universal in Land. "The state of Georgia has eleven dis trict agricultural schools supported by the state; Mississippi has twenty four; in, 1910, Louisiana was support ing seventeen and in 1911 she had added eight more, making twenty-five In all. Alabama has maintained four teen of these schools during the past few years and recently she has built nine new ones. The Movement is abroad in the land and there is a valid reason for it. There is an ever in creasing demand for that kind of edu cation which develops the particular aptitudes find skill necessary to util ize, to the best advantage, the natural resources of one's environment. In most of our states, the great natural resource is the soil. This is particu larly true in Oklahoma. Sixty-five per cent of her entire area is already in farms. She is pre-eminently an agri cultural state. With us, therefore, cer tainly there could be nothing more de sirable than a thorough educational equipment to insure a scientific, culti vation of the soil. "It is said that In Oklahoma our land values have increased 24t per cent during the past, decade. These values will, no doubt, continue to increase as a natural result of our future growth in population, but it should be remem bered that scientific agriculture is the best promoter of land values and the best possible asset an agricultural peo ple can have. A number of small schools, located in different parts of the state, and specifically designed and equipped to encourage scientific culti vation of the soil, is, therefore, one of the very best investments a state can make." Dottt Some Dipper. J, W. Dotts, state live stock inspec tor, is some cattle dipper for an old man. Five cars of cattle arrived in the city from the south this morning about daylight, for George Nidiffer and Billie Friend. Mr. Dotts was called into service at seven O'clock this morn ing, and walked a mile north to the dipping vat. dipped the entire five car loads of cattle and back to the Green hotel by 8:30 and was ready to take the Frisco home to Tulsa at 8:44. One of Vinita's Biggest Institution. M.ny Vinita people have little con ception of the volume of business done by the Vinita oil refinery. Last week the oil shipped out from the refinery averaged 12 cars a day, and the freight paid to the Frisco amounted to about $1,000 a day. The pay roll is a large one and most of the money received for labor finds Its way into the chan nels of Vinita trade. MOTHER DIED OF I Grief Over Son's Conviction Was a Direct Cause of the End Son Was at Her Bedside. Tulsa, Okla., Nov. 19. With her son, Guy D. Mackenzie, sentenced to life imprisonment for the murder of Charles T. Reuter, sitting by hed bed side, watched by armed guards, Mrs. Lavina J. Mackenzie, aged 67, passed into the great beyond at 6 o'clock last night. It was the second tragedy of the conspiracy to kill Charles Reuter, her death being directly attributed to the conviction of her son for the ! crime of murder. Kver confident in her son's inno leence, the aged white haired mother proved a tragical figure at the trial of her son last month when she attend ed every session of the trial until the strain began telling on her health, and she was persuaded to stay at home. Following the verdict of the jury sentencing her son to spend the real of his natural life in the state peni tentiary her strength failed rapidly and Saturday night she was taken much worse. All day Sunday sin called for her son, Guy, who was oc cupying a cell in the county Jail, await ing the signing of papers that would mean that he and his co-partner, Joe Baker, would be taken Monday to the state penitentiary. Word was sent to Sheriff McCulIough Sunday night of Mrs. Mckenzie's condition and he agreed to allow her son to go to her bedside. With two armed guards, the pris oner was taken to his home, after promising the officers he would make no effort to escape. He arrived In time to be recognized by his mother who was at that time dying. AH night he kept his sorrow ful virgil by the deathbed while the guards occupied an adjoining room. Early in the morning he was taken back to liis cell to await the summons that would moan his' mother had pass ed away. During tlie day the life slowly ebbed from the wrecked frame of the little white haired woman and lata in the afternoon the prisoner, who had walk ed the lloor of his ceil all day, was again taken to her bedside by armed guards, where he remained until the end came at six o'clock. The trip to take the two prisoners, Baker and Mackenzie, to the peniten tiary which was to have started yes terday, has been postponed until after the funeral. Mackenzie will be allow ed to accompany his mother's remains to their last resting place. No funeral arrangements were made last night, but it is believed the body will be buried here tomorrow. The deceased was the wife of .lohn II. Mackenzie, who formed one of the most interesting figures at the trial of his son. Two sons and one daugh ter survive her. F.'-st Buck cf Season. Button Walker, of Spavinaw, liolds, the record of killing the first deer of the season, which he killed in the Spavinaw Hills, near Spavinaw town, last Saturday. Several parties hn n gone out iu hopes of being the Brat to bring in one of the much eovetej animals, but this old time hunier of the hills had not forgotten how i wad done In the few short years since statehood and so far as we have heaid he holds the record of having killed the first buck of the season in this part of the country. We expect how ever, when the party of hunters who left here last week return from t.iie southern part of the state where they went for a deer and turkey hunt i:i the mountains to hear of seventl be ing killed, as they had with them men who are old deer hunters and hardl." ever fail to bring in a deer when they go after them. Freeman Nidiffor anl Homer Tiott are two of them. Nidlfier is an old timer of years of experience and has killed deer all of his life, but Trott claims to have killed more 'deer than any other man in this section of the country. There may be more fam ous deer hunters in this party but we have not got their record. Little Hffie Holt succeed' d in cap turing the Shetland pony and buggy given away by the Golden Rule yes terday. The turnout is eg fine a child's rig as has been seen in Vinita lately and the little miss Is Justly proud of it. BROKEN HEAR L BE Negro Loses Appeal to the Supreme Court In Jim Crow Case 34 Opinions Given. Oklahoma Sity. Nov. 19. That a railroad cannot be held for damages for the actions of its conductor In en forcing the "Jim crow" law upon a negro passenger is held by the su preeme court commission, division No. 1, in an opinion handed down by Su preme Court Commissioner .1. B. A. Robertson Monday. Thirty-foil ropinions were handed down in ail; twelvo by Comraiissioner Ames, eleven by Commissioner Sharp and eleve nby Commissioner Robert son. Four o fthem touch upon mat ters of some unusual interest. The "Jim crow" case is an. action brought against the Midland Valley railroad by John D. Stratford, a negro, for $2,"00 damages for wrongful ex pulsion aud arrest. The negro bought, a ticket at Arkansas City, Kans., to Tulsa; rode to the Oklahoma line in the coach for whites, and was there ordered to go back to the "Jim crow" car. An altercation occurred between him and the conductor and he was ar rested at Fawhuska on charges pre ferred by the conductor of violating the separate coach law. He sued the railroad company for damages, lost on a demurrer in the lower courts, and again loses on ap peal. The high court holds in brief that while he may not be without remedy, li- cannot hold the railroad for an act performed by the conductor under the Oklahoma statutes requiring conductor to enforce the "Jim crow" law. Liquor Case Reversed. That shipments of intoxicating li quors Into that part of the state for merly Indian territory is prohibited by an act of congress and that the Okla homa state courts will not entertain an action to recover Intoxicants ship ped into the Indian territory counties, is held in the case of the stale of Ok lahoma vs. eighty-nine casks of beer, and the Pabst Brewing company. Eighty-nine casks of Blue Ribbon beer were seized by the sheriff of Tulsa county at Tulsa. The Pabst Brewing company of Milwaukee intervened, died a claim for the beer, and won its claim In the county court; the state appealed and got a reversal, the su preme court commission entering a judgment forfeiting and confiscating the beer to the state. That a coal company in whose mines certain miners lost their lives were liable for their burial expenses, under certain circumstances, was held in the case of the Kali Inla Coal company vs. Will D. Craig. In March, 1910, four Italian miners lost their lives by an explosion in the Kali Inla mine at Cambria; the mine superintendent telephoned to Craig, an undertaker, and the latter buried the four dead miners. When he presented his bill to the coal company, it refused pay ment, hence the suit. The Oklahoma Railway company wins in the higher courts, as in the lower, in the damage case brought against it by Bernie Smith Pollard for $50,000 for injuries suffered from an explosion of powder, gathered from some blasting powder cans the work men on the Britton extension had thrown away; the court holding, in brief, that if the street car company had been guilty of negligence, the neg ligence was entirely too remote from the explosion that caused the boy's hurts, since boy had worked for nearly a month and against his moth er's and father's remonstrances, scrap ing the powder from the cans, and Bernie was hurt when he and his play mate tried to set some of it off three weeks later. "An American Girl." A full house greeted the Morgan Stock company on their second appear ance at the Grand theatre last night in a good play entitled "An American Girl." The company consists ot ;i large and wel balanced cast, a splen did eight-piece orchestra and special scenery for their plays. The play last night pleased the large audience, it. was easy to see as they gave vent to their appreprlation in long rounds of applause, and gives promise of large business for every bill presented by the Morgan company in this city Every seat on the lower floor was taken. JIM CROW CAN ENFORCED District Court News. Commencing yesterday at 1 : 30, where we left off, district court was called to order by Deputy Sheriff J. N. Woodall. The first case called was a civil case. No. 1030, J. C. Woodcock vs. C. W. Dav. This case was con tinued over from last term. A motion for a new trial was overruled. The petition for naturalization of Abe Whill Bailey was dismissed for want of evidence. This concluded the work for yesterday and court adjourn ed until 9 a. m.. Tuesday morning. Today's session was taken up by pleas. The following cases were cnll ed and pleas entered: State of Oklahoma vs. Tom Hubbard, plea not guilty and trial set for No vember t. No. 1120. State of Oklahoma vs. II. C. Showers, plea of guilty on two charges. This is a case in which the defendant is charged with false pre tense. Sentence to he pronounced later. No. 1111. State of Oklahoma vs. W. L. Smith, plea of not guilty to assault and attempt to kill. Case set for No vember 20. No. 1110. State of Oklahoma vs. Jake Smith. Motion for dismissal heard and allowed on peace bond. No. 113. State of Oklahoma vs. J. H. Kliukle et al, plea not guilty to charge of adultery. Case set for No vember 20. Court adjourned until 1:30 this afternoon. We will get the court news up to noon each day and will give each case as called so that any of our subscribers who want the court news may know that thoy are getting nil that happens. How He Remembered. C, 11. Williams, who is heie from Kansas City visiting his brother, Frank Williams, finds many old land marks in this part of the country, which he saw 2C years ago when he lived in Labette county, Kansas, lie says the farmers of that county in those days would come to the Indian Territory to get their coal for the winter, hauling it 25 and 30 miles from the hills west of Bluejacket and Welch, lie says the farmers would dig and strip their own coal, and the only royalty there was on It was fifty cents a load, which wen( to the Indian tribe. He tells of an in cident which came to him yesterday when he was driving across the coun try near the place where it happened years ago. He says: "The farmers would always dig a prospect hole to find out how deep they would have to dig to find coal, which they had done during the day, and at night they would camp on the ground near there. He was prowling around one night and fell into a hole, which had tilled up with water. Well who wounldn't remember an incident like that al ways? James Put Thompson, .1. II. M 'Iton, John Hood and A. N. Whiteside are here from Alton today. I We'll be doing business in new store the middle of next week. BODGES WINS IN Topeka, Kans., Nov. 18. George H. Hodges has been elected governor of Kansas by a plurality of thirty-one votes, according to the official returns from all the Kansas counties. The returns from all except Wyandotte county are on file in the office of the secretary of state. Under ordinary circumstances, the light would be settled by these official figures and Mr. Hodges would receive the certificate of election. Errors In Several Counties. In a number of counties, however. terrors were made in the official re turns. The errors made changes of only a few votes and no attention would be paid to them except for the close race between the two contest ants. But under the circumstances the official board will be asked to re ceive supplemented returns from the counties where the errors occurred. Fourteen counties have reported such errors. If the stale canvassing board de cides to accept these returns and cor rect the votes, the result will not finally be determined until the meet ing of the board two weeks hence. More Than Double Plurality. At the state house today and around tho political headquarters, it was ad mitted that Mr. Hodges would, in all probability receive the certificate of election. The net results of the er rors repotted from the fourteen coun ties add thirty-three to the Hodges plurality. Friends of Mr. Capper declare that he will contest the election and ask plfor a recount of the votes in a num ber of counties, but Mr. Capper him self has made no public announcement of his purpose to do so. Can Contest In Two Ways. A contest could be brought in the state senate, which is the usual method, or it could be brought in the supremo court. But no contest can be brought until after the state canvass ing board has completed its count and issued a certificate of election to one or the other of the candidates. Special Servfce. Special services will begin at the First Presbyterian church next Wedns--day night at 7:30 o'clock. Rev. M. M. LaWSOB of Nashville, Ark., will pnticn. These services will continue 10 days: or two weeks. All the members of the church and congregation are urged to be present and make the meetings helpful to all who attend. W. O. DAVIS, Pastor. ALL TRIMMED HATS this week Reduced One-Third $1.50 to $15 Hats now $1.00 to MO KANSAS